Chapter [Sarga] 64


Mahodara excitedly speaks to Kumbhakarna about the true character of virtue, worldly gain as well as sensuous pleasure in a person and supports Ravana for his actions. He advises Kumbhakarna not to go single-handed to fight with mighty Rama, but to take the army with him. Mahodara then suggests to Ravana a strategy to fulfill his purpose without a combat.

Verse Locator

tʭmitkaySy bilnae bazailn>,
kM-k[RSy vcnm! uTvaevac mhaedr>. 6641

1. aakarNya= hearing; tat vachanam= those; uktam= words spoken; balinaH kumbhakarNasya= by the mighty Kumbhakarna; atikaayasya= of colossal body; bahushaalinaH= and large arms; mahodaraH= Mahodara; uvaacha= spoke (as follows).

Hearing those words spoken by the mighty Kumbhakarna of colossal body and large arms, Mahodara spoke as follows:

Verse Locator

kM-k[Rkle jatae x&> aktdzRn>,
Avilae n zaei; kTym! svR veidtum!. 6642

2. kumbhakarNa= O Kumbhakarna!; jaataH= though born; kule= in a good race; dhR^iSTaH= you are audacious; praakR^ita darshanaH= having the perception of a common man; avaliptaH= and arrogant; na shaknoSi= you are unable; veditum= to know; kR^ityam= the right action; sarvatra= at all times.

"O Kumbhakarna! Though born in a good race, you are audacious, having the perception of an ordinary man as also arrogant. You are unable to know the right to be done at all times."

Verse Locator

n ih raja n janIte kM-k[R nyanyaE,
Tvm! tu kEzaerkaϯ> kevlm! vimCDis. 6643

3. kumbhakarNa= O Kumbhakarna!; raajan na jaaniite iti na= it is not that the king does not know; nayaanayau= the prudent and imprudent conducts; tvam tu= you on your part; kaishorakaat= due to childishness; dR^iSTaH= and audacity; ichchhasi= crave; kevalam= merely; vaktum= to talk.

"O Kumbhakarna! It is not that the king does not know about the prudent and the imprudent conducts. Due to childishness and audacity, you, on your part, are craving merely to talk."

Verse Locator

Swanm! v&im! c hain< c dezkaliv-agivt!,
AaTmn pre;am! c buXyte ra]s;R-. 6644

4. raakSasarSabhaH= the king of demons; deshakaala vibhaavit= knowing about apportioning of place and time; buddhyate= understands about; vR^iddhimcha= strengthening; haanimcha= and ruining (the relationships); sthaanam= and about the position; aatmanaH ca= of himself; pareSaamcha= and of others.

"The king of demons, knowing about apportioning of place and time, understands the subject about strengthening and mining (of relationships) as well as his own position and the position of others."

Verse Locator

yu zKy< blvta ktu aktbuina,
Anupaistv&en k> kyaRaz< bux>. 6645

5. kaH= what; naraH= a wise-man; kuryaat= would do; taadR^isham= that type of work; yat= which; ashakyam kartum= cannot be achieved; praakR^ita buddhinaa= by a man of ordinary intellect; balavataa= thought strong; anupaasita vR^iddhena= does not serve his elders.

"What would a wise man attempt to do that which cannot be achieved by a man of ordinary intellect, though strong, does not sever his elders?"

Verse Locator

yaMStu xmaRwRkamaMSTv< vIi; p&wgayan!,
Avbaeςm! Sv-aven n ih l][miSt te. 6646

6. yaan= which; dharmaarthakaamaan= virtue, wealth and pleasure; tvam= you; braviiSi= are saying; pR^ithagaashrayaan= them as separately dwelling; naasti hi= there is no; lakSaNam= accurate description; avaboddhum= to know; taan= those things; svabhaavena= by their very nature.

"You are speaking as though virtue, wealth and pleasure are dwelling separately (in water-tight compartments). By their very nature, there is no accurate description to know those things."

Verse Locator

kmR cEv ih sveR;am! kar[ana< yaejnm!,
ey> papIysam! ca )l< -vit kmR[am!. 6647

7. karmachaiva= action alone; prayojakam hi= is indeed the means of attaining; sarveSaam= all; kaaraNaanaam= the consequences; atra= here; paapiiyasaam karma Nam cha= even sinful acts; bhavati= spring up into; phalam= a fruit; shreyaH= of prosperity.

"Action alone is indeed the means to get all the consequences. Even sinful acts spring up into a fruit of prosperity!"

Verse Locator

in>eys )lavev xmaRwaRivtravip,
AxmaRnwRyae> ai> )lm! c Tyvaiykm!. 6648

8. dharmaarthau= acts instrumental to virtue and wealth; itarau api= and even other acts (instrumental to injustice and non-value); niH shreyasa phalau eva= have just the prosperity as their fruit; adharmaanarthayoH= (But) acts instrumental to injustice and non-value; praaptam= gain; phalam cha= the fruit; praatya vaayikam= of offence of omission.

"Acts instrumental to virtue and wealth as well as other acts (instrumental to injustice and non-value) have just the prosperity as their fruit. But, acts instrumental to injustice and non-value gain the fruit of offence of omission."

Verse Locator

@ehlaEikkparym! kmR puiM-inR;eVyte,
kmaR{yip tu kLPyain l-te kammaiSwt>. 6649

9. pumbhiH= living beings; labhate= reap; kalyaani karmaaNyapi tu= the fruit of good actions; aihahauki kapaarakyam= in this and in the other world; kaamam karma aasthitaH= he who remains diligently devoted to action with a view to attaining sensuous pleasure; niSevyate= enjoys (blessings even in this life).

Living beings reap the fruit of good actions in this and in the other world. However, he who remains diligently devoted to actions with a view to attaining sensuous pleasure enjoys blessing even in this life."

Verse Locator

t imdm! ra}a id kay mtm! c n>,
zaE ih sahsm! yTSyaiTkimvaapnIyte. 66410

10. tatra= in such a situation; idam kaaryam= this act (of pursuit of sensuous pleasure); kR^itam hR^idi= has been cherished in heart; raajJNaa= by the king; matam= and was approved; naH cha= by us also; yat saahasam= in doing which daring act; shatrau= against the enemy; tat= (by) that; jatra= here; kim apaniiyate= what is to be expelled?

"In such a situation, this act of pursuit of sensuous pleasure has been cherished in his heart by the king and was approved by us. What violation is there in doing this daring act against the enemy?"

Verse Locator

@kSyEvai-yane tu hetuyR> ktSTvya,
taPynuppm! te vyaim ydsaxu c. 66411

11.yaH= which; hetuH= reason; praapR^itaH= adduced; tvayaa= by you; abhiyaane= for marching; ekasyaiva= all alone (for the encounter); tatraapi= in that also; yat= what; anupapannam= is irrelevant; asaadhu cha= and not good; vakSyaami= I shall tell; te= you.

"Regarding the reason which you have adduced for marching all alone for the encounter, I shall tell you what is irrelevant and not so good."

Verse Locator

yen pUvRm! jnSwane bhvae=itbla hta>,
ra]sa ra"vm! t< Tv< kwmekae jiy:yis. 66412

12. katham= how; tvam jayiSyasi= will you conquer; ekaH= single-handed; tam= that; raaghavam= Rama; yena= by whom; bahavaH= several; atbalaaH= mighty; raakSasaaH= demons; hataaH= were killed; jana sthaane= in Janasthana; puurvam= earlier.

"How will you conquer, single-handed, that Rama by whom several mighty demons were destroyed in Janasthana earlier."

Verse Locator

ye pura inijRtaSten jnSwane mhaEjs>,
ra]saMStaNpure svaRN-Itan*aip pZyis. 66413

13. ye mahonjasaH= which highly energetic demons; nirjitaaH= conquered; janasthaane= in Janasthana; puraa= earlier; adya= are now; pure= in the city; na pashyasi= are you not seeing; taan sarvaan raakSasaan= all those demons; bhiitaan= frightened?

"Are you not seeing those frightened demons (though highly energetic) who are now staying in the City, but who were earlier conquered by Rama in Janasthana?"

Verse Locator

tm! isMhimv s'< ramm! dzrwaTmjm!,
spRm! suimvabuXa baexiytuimCDis. 66414

14. buddhvaa= (Though) knowing; tam raamam= that Rama; dasharaatmajam= the son of Dasaratha; samkR^iddham simhammiva= is like an enraged lion; ichchhasi= you wish; prabodhayitum= to awaken; sarpam= a serpent; suptam= who is sleeping.

"Though you know that Rama, the son of Dsasratha, is like an enraged lion, you wish to awaken a serpent, who is sleeping."

Verse Locator

JvlNtm! tejsa inTy< aexen c rasdm!,
kSt< m&TyuimvasmasadiytumhRit. 66415

15. kaH= who; arhati= would be competent; aasaadayitum= to approach; tam= that Rama; nityam jvalantam= who is ever shining; tejasaa= with splendour; duraasadam= who is dangerous to be approached; asahyam= and who is as unbearable; mR^ityumiva= as death?

"Who would be competent to approach that Rama, who is forever shining with a splendour, dangerous to catch-up and as unbearable as death?"

Verse Locator

s<zySwimdm! sv zae> itsmasne,
@kSy gmnm! t n ih me raecte tv. 66416

16. prati samaasate= standing face to face; shtroH= with the enemy; idam sarvam= is all; samshayastham= remaining in doubt; gamanam= going; tatra= there; ekasya= single handed; bhR^iham na rochate he= is indeed not too much an inclination; me= to me.

"Standing face-to-face with that enemy is all remaining in doubt. Going there single-handed does not indeed find favour with me."

Verse Locator

hInawRStu sm&awRm! kae irpu< aktae ywa,
initm! jIivtTyage vzmanetuimCDit. 66417

17. hiinaarthaH= having lost his advantage; kaH ichhati= who would feel inclined; aanetum= to reduce to surrender; ripum= to an enemy; samR^iddhaartham= having an increased advantage; nishchitya= determining; jiivitatyaage= to lay down his life; praakR^itam yathaa= as an ordinary person?

"Having lost his advantage, who would feel inclined to reduce to submission, an enemy, who is rich in advantage and determined to lay down his life, as an ordinary person?"

Verse Locator

ySy naiSt mnu:ye;u szae ra]saem,
kwmazMsse yaeςm! tuLyeneNivvSvtae>. 66418

18. raakSasottama= O Kumbhakarna the foremost among the demons!; katham= how; aashamsase= do you wish; yoddhum= to combat; (with Rama); yasya naasti sadR^ishaH manuSyeSu= with whom none in the human beings is equal; tulyena= and who is equal; indravivasvatoH= of Indra and the sun.

"O Kumbhakarna, the foremost among the demons! How do you wish to combat with Rama, with whom none in the human beings is equal and who is equal of Indra and the sun?"

Verse Locator

@vmuva tu sBxm! kM-k[ mhaedr>,
%vac r]sa< mXye rav[ae laekrav[m!. 66419

19. evam= thus; uktvaa= spoken; sarabdham kumbhakarNam= to the enraged Kumbhakarna; mahodaraH= Mahodara; (on his part); uvaacha= spoke (as follows); raakSasaam madhye= in the midst o demons; raavaNam= to Ravana; lokaraavaNam= who made people cry.

Having thus spoken to the enraged Kumbhakarna, Mahodara on his part spoke as follows, in the midst of demons, to Ravana, who made the people cry.

Verse Locator

lBXva punStam! vEdehIm! ikmw Tv< jLpis,
ydeCDis tda sIta vzga te -iv:yit. 66420

20. kim= why; tvam= are you; vilambase= delaying; labdhvaa= (after) having captured; vaidehiim= Seetha; purastaat= already?; ichchhasi yadi= If you wish it so; siitaa= Seetha; bhaviSyati= will be; vashagaa= submissive; te= to you.

"Why are you delaying further, after having captured Seetha already? If you do so wish, Seetha will be submissive to you."

Verse Locator

> kipayae me sItaepSwankark>,
icteTSvya bu(a ra]ser tm! z&[u. 66421

21. raakSasendra= O King of demons!; kashchit= some; upaayaH= strategy; dR^iSTaH= has been discovered; me= by me; ruchitaH chet= If it is agreeable; svayaa budhyaa= to your intellect; tataH= then; shruNu= listen to it.

"Some strategy has been discovered by me, as a means of bringing her round. If it is found agreeable to your intellect, then listen to it.

Verse Locator

Ahm! iij> sMadI kM-k[aeR ivtdRn>,
pramvxayEte inyaRNtITyv"ae;y. 66422

22. avaghoSaya= Announce (by a beat of drum in the city-streets): iti= that; aham= myself; dvijihvaH= Dvijihva; samhraadii= Samhradi; kumbhakarNat= Kumbhakarna; vitardana ete= these; paN^cha= five (demons); niryaanti= are setting out; raamavadhaaya= to kill Rama.

"Announce (by a beat of drum in the city-streets) that myself, Dvijihva, Samhraadi, Kumbhakarna and Vitardana these five demons are setting out for the battle to kill Rama."

Verse Locator

ttae gTva vym! yum! daSyamStSy yt>,
je:yamae yid te zUaepayE> kTymiSt n>. 66423

23. tataH= thereupon; vayam= we; gatvaa= having gone; yatnataH= deliberately; daasyaamaH= we shall give; tasya= him; yuddham= the combat; jeSyaamaH yadi= if we conquer; te= your; shatruun= enemies; naasti kaaryam= there is no need; upaayaiH= for strategies; naH= to us.

"Thereupon, having gone to the battle field deliberately, we shall give him a fight. If we conquer your enemies, there is no need for any strategies to us."

Verse Locator

Aw jIvit n> zuvRym! c ktsMyuga>,
tt> smi-pTSyamae mnsa yTsmIi]tum!. 66424

24. atha= otherwise; naH shatruH= (if) our enemy; jiivati= survives; vayam cha= we; kR^ita samyugaaH= who have engaged in the fight; tataH= then; samabhipatsyaamaH= shall employ; samiikSitam= the plan which was resolved; (by us); manasaa= in the mind.

"Otherwise, if our enemy survives, we, who have engaged in the fight, then shall implement the plan which was resolved by us in the mind."

Verse Locator

vym! yuaidhE:yamae ixre[ smui]ta>,
ivdayaR Svatanu< ba[E ramnamaitE> iztE>. 66425

25. samukSitaa= moistened; rudhireNa= with blood; svatanum= on having our bodies; vidaarya= torn; baaNaiH= with arrows; raama naamaaNkitaiH= marked with the name of Rama; vayam eSyaamaH= we shall come back; iha= here; yuddhaat= from the battle.

Moistened with blood on having our bodies torn with arrows marked with the name of Rama engraved on them, we shall come back here from the battle."

Verse Locator

-i]tae ra"vae=Smai-lRm[eit vaidn>,
tv padaE hI:yamSTv< n> kam pUry. 66426

26. vaadinaH= uttering; iti= that; raaghavaH= Rama; lakSmaNeshaha= as well as Lakshmana; bhakSitaH= has been devoured; smaabhiH= by us; grahiiSyaavaH= we shall clasp; tava paadau= your feet; tvam= you; prapuuraya= fully grant; naH= our; kaamam= desire.

Saying "Rama as well as Lakshmana has been devoured by us", we shall clasp your feet. You fully grant our desire."

Verse Locator

ttae=v"ae;y pure gjSkNxen paiwRv,
htae ram> sh aa ssENy #it svRt>. 66427

27. paarthiva= O king!; tataH= then; avaghoSayaH= have it proclaimed by beating of trumpets; sarvataH= in the entire; pure= City; gajaskandhe= on the back of an elephant; iti= that; raamaH= Rama; hataH= has been killed; bhraatraa saha= along with his brother; sa sainyaH= and his army.

"O king! Then, have it proclaimed by beating of trumpets in the entire city, on the back of an elephant, that Rama has been killed along with his brother and his army."

Verse Locator

Itae nam ttae -UTva -&Tyanam! TvmirNdm,
-aega< pirvara< kama< vsudapy. 66428

28. arimdama= O annihilator of enemies!; bhuutvaa= becoming; priitonaama= pleased for the name-sake; daapaya= arrange to bestow; bhR^ityaanaam= on your servants; bhogaamcha= objects of enjoyment; kaamaan= other desired objects; parivaaraamshcha= slaves; vasu cha= and gold.

"O annihilator of enemies! Becoming pleased for the name-sake, arrange to bestow on your servants, objects of enjoyment, other desired objects and gold."

Verse Locator

ttae maLyain vasaiMs vIra[am! Anulepnm!,
deym! c b yaexe_y> Svy< c muidt> ipb. 66429

29. tataH= then; (present); maalyaani= garlands; vaasaamsi= garments; anulepanam= cosmetics; viiraaNaam= to champions; bahu= and abundant; deyam= gifts; yodhebhyaH= to (other) warriors; piba= drink; svayam= yourself; muditaH= delighted.

"Then, present garlands, garments and cosmetics to champions as well as abundant gifts to other warriors. Drink yourself delighted."

Verse Locator

ttae=iSmNblI-Ute kaElIne svRtae gte,
-i]t> ssuh?#amae ra]sEirit ivute. 66430
ivZyaaSy caip Tvm! sIta< rhis saNTvy,
xnxaNyE kamE rEEna< lae-y. 66431

30, 31. asmin= (when) this; bahuliibhuute= thick; kouliine= rumour; sarvatogate= has gone to all sides; iti= that; raamaH= Rama; sasuhR^it= along with his friends; bhakSitaH= have been devoured; raakSasaiH= by the demons; vishrute= was heard far and wide (even by Seetha); pravishya= approaching; siitaam= Seetha; rahasi= in private; tvam= you; aashvaasya= restoring her to confidence; saantvaya= and conciliating her; enaam pralobhaya= tempt her; dhanadhaanyaishcha= with gold and grain; kaamaishcha ratnaishcha= as well as luxuries and precious stones.

"When this thick rumour has gone to all sides that Rama along with his companions have been devoured by the demons and you approach Seetha in private and restoring her to confidence and even conciliating her, tempt her with gold and grain, as well as luxuries and precious tones."

Verse Locator

Anyaepxya rajN-yzaekanubNxya,
Akama Tvzm! sIta nnawa gim:yit. 66432

32. anayaa upadhayaa= by this false pretence; bhaya shokaanubandhayaa= supplemented by fear and anguish; siitaa= Seetha; naSTanaathaa= who (thinks that) she lost her husband; akaamaa= reluctantly; gamiSyati= will submit; tvadvasham= to your will.

"By this false pretence, creating fear and anguish, Seetha who thinks she lost her husband, will submit reluctantly to your will."

Verse Locator

rmnIym! ih -taRr< ivnmvgMy sa,
nEraZyaTIl"uTva Tvz< itpTSyte. 66433

33. adhigamya= believing; ramaNiiyam= (that) her charming; bhartaaram= husband; vinaSTam= is destroyed; saa= she; nairaaslyaat= from hopelessness; striilaghutvaachcha= and feminine feeling of flexibility; pratipatsyate= will arrive at; tvadvasham= your will.

"Believing that her charming husband is destroyed, Seetha from her hopelessness and feminine feeling of flexibility, will come to your will."

Verse Locator

sa pura suosMv&a suoahaR >oki;Rta,
TvYyxIn> suom! }aTva svRwaepgim:yit. 66434

34. saa= she; sukhasamvR^iddhaa= who grew up with comfort; sukhaarhaa= who is deserving of happiness; duHkhakarshitaa= but emaciated with grief; jJNaatvaa= knowing; sukham= (that) her happiness; adhiinam= depends; tvayi= on you; upagamiSyati= will come near (to you); sarvathaa= by all means.

"Seetha, who grew up with comfort, who is deserving of happiness; but emaciated with grief, knowing that her happiness depends on you, will by all means come near to you."

Verse Locator

@tTsunIt< mm dzRnen
ramm! ih vEv -vednwR>,
#hEv te seTSyit maeTsukae-U,
mRhanyuen suoSy la->. 66435

35. etat suniitam= this has been conveyed well; mama darshanena= by my contemplation; dR^iSTaiva= just on seeing; raamam= Rama; anarthaH= a calamity; bhavet= will happen; te= to you; mahaan= a great; laabhaH= advantage; sukhasya= of happiness; setsyati= will be gained; ihaiva= here itself; ayuddhena= even without fighting; maa bhuuH= do not become; utsukaH= restless.

"After contemplating very well, I have conveyed like this. As soon as you see Rama, a calamity will happen. While you stay here itself without fighting, you will obtain a great benefit of happiness. Do not become restless."

Verse Locator

AnsENyae nvas<zyae
irpUnyuen jyn! jnaixp,
yz pu{ym! c mhNmhIpte,
iym! c kIit c icrm! smute. 66436

36. janaadhipa= O king; mahiipatiH= an emperor; jayan= who conquers; ripuun= his enemies; anaSTasainyaH= without losing his army; anavaaptasamshayaH= without meeting with danger; ayuddhena= and without a combat; ashnute= will obtain; chiram= for long; mahat= a great; yashashcha= fame; puNyamcha= merit; shriyam cha= prosperity; kiirtimcha= and glory.

"O king! An emperor who conquers his enemies without losing his army, without meeting with danger and without a combat will obtain for long, a great fame, merit, prosperity and glory."


#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye yuka{fe ctu>;i:ttm> sgR

Thus completes 64th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Verse Locator for Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 64


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Sarga 64 in English Prose


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November 2006, K. M. K. Murthy