Chapter [Sarga] 6

Introduction

Ravana recalls the over-powering of Lanka and discovering of Seetha by Hanuman. He calls a meeting of his ministers and invites suggestions from them in view of the latest situation of a probable attack of Rama and his army on the City of Lanka.


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l<kayam! tu k玹m! kmR "aerm! 嗱渧a -v Aavhm!,
ra]s #N詀e hnumta z砮[ #v mhaTmna. 6񌘅
A鋠Id ra]san! svaRn! iya ikiMcd Avan! muo>,

1. dR^iSTvaa= having seen; bhayaavaham= the fearful; ghoram= and the terrible; karma= act; kR^itam= done; hanumataa= by Hanuman; shakreNa iva= as Devendra (King of celestials); hamaatmanaa= the powerful; laN^kaayaam= in Lanka; raakshasendraH= Ravana; avaan mukhaH= had his face down; kimchit= a little; hriyaa= and spoke; sarvaan= to all; raakshhasaan= the demons (as follows):

Having seen the fearful and the terrible act in Lanka done by Hanuma, like Devendra the powerful King of celestials, Ravana with his face descended a little with shame, spoke to the demons as follows:

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xi;Rta c 鄆v騛 c l<ka :鄐ha purI. 6񌘆
ten vanr ma莈[ 嗱a sIta c jankI,

2. tena= by him; vaanara maatreNa= who was only a monkey; dushhpraasahaa= the irresistible; laNkapurii= City of lanka; pravishhTaacha= was entered into; dharshhitaa cha= and was over-powered; siitaa= Seetha; jaanakii= the daughter of Janka; dR^ishhTaam cha= was also seen (by him).

揃y him, who was only a monkey, the irresistible City of Lanka was entered into and was over-powered. Seetha the daughter of Janaka was also discovered by him.

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鄐adae xi;Rt> cETy> 鄓ra ra]sa hta>. 6񌘇
Aaivla c purI l<ka svaR hnumta k玹a,

3. chaityaH praasaadaH= the thousand pillared building used as a sanctuary; dharshhitaH= was assaulted; hanumataa= by Hanuma; pravaraaH= the most excellent; raakshhaasaaH= demons; hataaH= were killed; sarvaa= the entire; laNkaa purii= City of Lanka; kR^itaa= was made; aavilaa= turbid.

The thousand-pillared building used as a sanctuary was assaulted by Hanuma. Our most excellent demons were killed. The entire City of Lanka was made turbid.

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ikm! kir:yaim -詍! v> ikm! va yu璵! AnNtrm!. 6񌘈
%Cytam! n> smwRm! yt! k玹m! c suk玹m! -vet!,

4. bhadram= prosperity; vaH= to you! Kim= what; karishhyaami= shall I do? Kim vaa= what thing; yuktam= appropriate thing; anantaram= (is to be done) afterwards? Uchyataam= let it be spoken; yat= that which is samantham= well-answering; bhavet= and which becomes; sukrutam= well-done.

May prosperity befall on you! What shall I do? What appropriate thing is to be done next? Please speak that which is well-answering and that, if attempted becomes well-done.

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m mUlm! ih ivjym! 郺鱮 AayaR mniSvn>. 6񌘉
tSmad vE raecye m賛! ramm! 鄆t mhabla>,

5. mahaabalaaH= Oh, people of great strength! manasvinaH= wise-men; pravadanti= say; vijayam= that victory; mantramuulam= is dependent on good forethought; tasmaat vai= just for that reason; rochaye= I desire; mantram= a deliberation; raamamprati= about Rama.

揙h, people of great strength! Wise-men say that victory is dependent on good forethought. Verily for that reason, I desire a deliberation about Rama.

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i莍vxa> pu;a laeke %膍 Axm mXyma>. 6񌘊
te;am! tu smvetanam! gu[ dae;m! vdaim Ahm!,

6. triividhaaH= there are three types; purushhaaH= of men; loke= in the world; uttamaadhama madhyamaaH= namely, the foremost, the middle most and the lowest; aham= I; vadaami= am telling; teshhaam= their; samavetaanaam= inherent; guNadoshhaa= merits and defects.

揟here are three types of men in the world, namely the foremost the middle most and the lowest. I am telling their inherent merits and defects.

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mi賗-r iht sMyu璄> smwERr m in[Rye. 6񌘋
im荅r va Aip sman AwERr baNxvEr Aip va ihtE>,
sihtae m賗yTva y> kmR AarM-an! 鄓tRyet!. 6񌘌
dEve c k呴te y苖! tm! Aa> pu; %膍m!,

7-8. yaH= he who; pravartayet= carries through; karmaarmabhaan= beginning of undertaking; mantrayitvaa= after consulting; sahitaH= collectively with; hitasmyuktaiH= or with ministers; samarthaiH= efficient; mantra nirNaye= in advising decisions, mitrairvaapi= or with friends; samanaarthaiH= having common; baandhavairaapi= or with relatives; adhikaaH= additionally; kurute= or who does; yatnam= endeavour; daivecha= in the matter of providence too; tam= him; aahuH= (the wise) call; purushhottamam= as the foremost among men.

揟he wise call him as the foremost among men, who carries through the beginning of any undertaking after consulting those who are wedded with welfare of others, or with ministers who are efficient in conferring decisions or with friends having common interests or additionally with relatives or who try to get a favour from Providence too.

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@kae AwRm! ivM?zed @kae xmeR 鄈呴te mn>. 6񌘍
@k> kayaRi[ k呴te tm! Aa鱮 mXymm! nrm!,

9. vimR^ishet= (He who) deliberates; artham= about an activity; ekaH= solitarily; prakurute= applies; manaH= his mind; dharme= on law and justice; ekaH= all by himself; kurute= performs; kaaryaaNi= the workds; eakH= singly; aahuH= they call; tam naram= that man; madhyamam= as mediocre.

揟he wise men call that man as mediocre, who deliberates about an activity solitarily, applies his mind on law and justice all by himself and performs works singly.

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gu[ dae;av! Aini鞹y Ty畍a dEv Vypa飝m!. 6񌘅0
kir:yaim #it y> kayRm! %pe]et! s nr Axm>,

10. yaH= He who; nanishchitya= does not determine; guNadoshhaa= the merits and demerits; vyaktma= clearly; daivavyapaashreyaH= having recourse to providence; upekshhet= neglects; kaaryam= his duty; karishhyaami iti= telling simply 慖 shall do; saH= he; naraadhamaH= is the lowest among men.

揌e who does not determine the merits and demerits of an act clearly, having recourse to Providence and neglects his duty by simply telling 慖 shall do it, he is the lowest among men.

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ywa #me pu;a inTym! %膍 Axm mXyma>. 6񌘅1
@vm! m賏e Aip iv}ey %膍 Axm mXym>,

11. yathaa= how; ime= those; purushhaaH= men; nityam= are always; uttamaadhama madhyaaH= either good, bad or mediocre; mantro.api= even the resolution in thought is; evam= thus; viJNeyaH= known; uttama adhama madhyamaH= as good, bad or mediocre.

揑n which manner these men are categorized always as good, bad or mediocre, so also the resolution in thought is classified as good bad or mediocre.

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@ekmTym! %pagMy za 嗱en c]u;a. 6񌘅2
mi賉ae y inrStas! tm! Aa鱮 m賛! %膍m!,

12. mantraiNaH= the thinkers; chakshhushhaa= on a view; shaastradR^iSTena= perceived by scriptures; upaagamya= obtain; aikamatyam= consensus; nirataaH= and are satisfied; tam= that; mantram= resolution of thought; aahuH= (the wise) say; uttamam= as the excellent one.

揟he wise say that resolution of thought is excellent, in which the thinkers, on a view perceived by scriptures, obtain consensus and are satisfied with it.

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b䦃yae Aip mtyae gTva mi賉ae ih AwR in[Rye. 6񌘅3
punr y @ktam! 郺> s m賏e mXym> Sm&t>,

13. gatvaapi= even after obtaining; bahviiH= several kinds; matiH= of opinions; yatra= where; arthanirNayaH= the decision of a matter; mantriNaam= by the counselors; punaH= once more; praaptaH= gets; ekataam= to a consensus; saH= that; mantraH= decision; smR^itaH= is called; madhmaH= mediocre.

揙nly after deliberating several kinds of opinions, that decision of a matter obtained finally by a consensus of the counselors, is called mediocre.

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ANyaeNy mitm! AaSway y sM鄆t-a:yte. 6񌘅4
n c @ekmTye 飁yae AiSt m> sae Axm %Cyte,

14. saH= that; mantraH= resolution; uchyate= is said to be; adhamaH= worst; yatra= in which; sampratibhaashhyate= arguments are made, aasthaaya= emplying; anyouya matim= one or the other divergent opinions; naasti= (in which) there is no; shriyaH= advantage; aikamatye= even after a consensus.

揟hat resolution is said to be worst in which several arguments are made, employing one or the other divergent opinions and in which there is no advantage even after a consensus.

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tSmat! sumi賢m! saxu -vNtae mi s膍a>. 6񌘅5
kayRm! sM鄆tp*Ntam! @tt! k玊ytmm! mm,

15. tasmaat= for that reason; bhavantaH= you; matisattamaaH= having excellent intellect; sampritipadyantaam= arrive at; sumantritam= a well-thought out; saadhu= rightful; kaaryam= action; etat= this; mama= to me; matam= is earnestly; kR^ityam= to be done.

揊or that reason, you, having excellent intellect, arrive at a well-thought out rightful action. To me, this is earnestly to be done.

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vanra[am! ih vIra[am! sh鯡> pirvairt>. 6񌘅6
ramae A_yeit purIm! l<kam! ASmakm! %praexk>,

16. raamaH= Rama; parivaaritah= surrounded by; sahasraiH= thousands of; dhiraaNaam= brave; vaanaraaNaam= monkeys; abhyeti= is coming; laN^kaam puriim= to the City of Lanka; uparodhakaH= for besieging; asmaakam= us.

揜ama surrounded by thousands of courageous monkeys, is coming to the City of Lanka, for the purpose of besieging us.

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tir:yit c suVy璵! ra"v> sagrm! suom!. 6񌘅7
trsa yu 阷e[ sanuj> sbl Anug>,

17. raagahavaH= Rama; yukta ruupeNa= by his befitting; tarasaa= strength; suvyaktam= can certainly; tarishhyati cha= cross; saagaram= the ocean; sukham= easily; saamjaH= with his brother; sabalaamgaH= along with his army and companions.

揜ama, by his be-fitting strength, can certainly cross the ocean easily, with his brother along with his army and his companions.

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smu詍uCDae;yit vIyeR[aNyTkraeit va. 6񌘅8
tiSm! @vm! gte kayeR iv橄e vanrE> sh,
ihtm! pure c sENye c svRm! sMm!(tam! mm. 6񌘅9

18-19. samudram uchchhoshhayati= (He may) get the ocean dried up; karoti= (He may) do; anyadvaa= any other thing; viiryeNa= by his valour; tasmin= that; kaarye= act; viruddhe= of enemity; vaanaraiH saha= with monkeys; evam vidhe= (having commenced) in this way; sammantryataam= advise me; sarvam= everything; hitam= that is good; pure= for the city; mama sainye= and for my army.

揌e may even get the ocean dried up. He may do any other thing by his valour. The aforesaid act of enmity with monkeys having commenced in this way, advise me everything that is good for the city and my army.

 

#Tya;eR 颕m詀may[e AaidkaVye yu蟢a{fe ;> sgR

Thus completes 6th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 6

 

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Sarga 6 in English Prose

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May 2003, K. M. K. Murthy