Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
Ravana next sends Akampana for the battle. As Akampana along with his army sets out for the war, he visualized various bad portents. A deadly conflict ensued between monkeys and demons. Kumuda, Nala and Mainda the chiefs of monkeys creates a great carnage among demons.
vajradamra akÿam nihatam þrutv˜ r˜vaõo r˜kÿasa Ÿþvara× |
bala adhyakÿam uv˜ca idam k®ta anjalim upasthitam || 6-55-1
1. shrutvaa= hearing; vajradamSTram= (that) Vajradamshtra; hatam= was killed; vaaliputreNa= by Angada; raavaNaH= Ravana; uvaacha= spoke; idam= these words; upasthitam= to the nearby; balaadhyakSam= army general; kR^itaaN^jalim= who joined his palms in reverence.
Hearing that Vajradamshtra was killed by Angada, Ravana spoke the following words to the General of his forces who, with joined palms, stood near him.
þŸghram niry˜ntu durdharÿ˜ r˜kÿas˜ bhŸma vikram˜× |
akampanam puras k®tya sarva þastra prakovidam || 6-55-2
2. bhiimavikramaaH= (Let) the invincible; raakSasaaH= demons; durdharSaaH= of irresistible courage; niryaantu= go forth; shiighram= soon; akampanam= with Akampana; puraskR^itya= in front; sarva shastraastra kovidam= who is skilled in use of every weapon and missile.
"Let the invincible demons of irresistible courage go forth soon, with Akampana as their head, who is skilled in the use of every weapon and missile."
eÿa þ˜st˜ ca gopt˜ ca net˜ ca yudhi sattama× |
bh¨tik˜maþca me nityaÕ nityam ca samarapriya× || 6-55-3
3. eSaH= this; sattamaH= excellent demon; shaastaa= is a chastiser; goptaacha= a protector; netaacha= ad a leader; yudhi= in batle; nityam= ever; me bhuutikaamashcha= desiring my welfare; samarapriyaH= and loved war; nityam= forever.
"This excellent demon is a chastiser, a protector and a leader in battle. He ever desired my welfare and always loved war."
eÿa jeÿyati k˜katthsau sugrŸvaÕ ca mah˜balam |
v˜nar˜mþc˜par˜n ghor˜n haniÿyati na samþaya× || 6-55-4
4. eSaH= He; jeSyati= will prove victorious; haniSyati= and can kill; kaakutsthau= Rama, Lakshmana; mahaabalam= the mighty; sugriivam= Sugreeva; aparaan= and the other; ghoraan= terrific; vaanaraan= monkeys; na= there is no; samshayaH= doubt.
"There is no doubt that he will prove victorious and Rama, Lakshmana, the mighty Sugreeva and the other terrible monkeys."
parig®hya sa t˜m˜jñ˜m r˜vaõasya mah˜bala× |
balaÕ sampreray˜m˜sa tad˜ laghupar˜krama× || 6-55-5
5. parigR^ihya= taking; taam= that; aajJNaam= command; raavaNasya= of Ravana; mahaabalaH= the mighty; saH= Akampana; laghuparaakramaH= of quick resolution; tadaa= then; samprerayaamaasa= mobilized; balam= the army.
Taking that command of Ravana, the mighty Akampana of quick resolution then mobilized the army.
tato n˜n˜praharaõ˜ bhŸm˜kÿ˜ bhŸmadarþan˜× |
niÿpet¨ r˜kÿas˜ mukhy˜ bal˜dhyakÿapracodit˜× || 6-55-6
6. mukhyaaH raakSasaaH= those foremost of demons; bhiima darshanaaH= of terrifying appearance; naanaapraharaNaaH= furnished with every kind of weapon; bhiimaakSaaH= and fearful to look upon; tataH= thereafter; niSpetuH= rushed into the fray; balaadhyakSaprachoditaaH= where their general had dispatched them.
Those foremost of demons of terrifying appearance, furnished with every kind of weapon and fearful to look upon, rushed into the fray where their general had dispatched them.
ratham˜sth˜ya vipulaÕ taptak˜ñcanabh¨ÿaõam |
megh˜bho meghavarõaþca meghasvanamah˜svana× || 6-55-7
7. tadaa= then; akampanaH= Akampana; meghaabhaH= of the stature of a cloud; meghavarNashcha= of the colour of a cloud; meghasvana mahaasvanaH= whose voice resembled thunder; aasthaaya= ascended; vipulam= an extensive; ratham= chariot; tapta kaaN^chana bhuuSaNam= decorated with fine gold; niryaati= and set out; samvR^itaH= surrounded; ghoraiH= by dreadful; raakSasaiH= demons.
Then, Akampana of the stature and colour of a cloud, whose voice resembled a thunder, ascended his great chariot, decorated with fine gold and set out, surrounded by dreadful demons.
na hi kampayitum þakyah surai®api mah˜ m®dhe || 6-55-8
akampanas tatas teÿ˜m ˜dityaiva tejas˜ |
8. surairapi= even celestials too; nashakyaH hi= were indeed unable; kampayitum= to upset; akampanaH= Akampana; mahaamR^idhe= in a great battle; tataH= hence; (he) tejasaa= by his splendour; aadityaH iva= was resembling the sun; teSaam= among the demons.
Even celestials were indeed unable to upset Akampana in a great battle. Hence, among the demons, he was shining like the sun, by his splendour.
tasya nidh˜vam˜nasya samrabdhasya yuyutsay˜ || 6-55-9
akasm˜d dainyam ˜gaccadd hay˜n˜m ratha v˜hin˜m |
9. tasya= (As) he; nirdhaava maanasya= sped on his way; samrabdhasya= hastening; yuyutsayaa= and eager to enter the battle; hayaanaam= the horses; rathavaahinaam= drawing his chariot; aagachchhat dainyam= were deprived of their energy; akasmaat= suddenly.
As he sped on his way, hastened and eager to enter the battle, the horses drawing his chariot were suddenly deprived of their energy.
vyasphuran nayanam ca asya savyam yuddha abhinandina× || 6-55-10
vivarõo mukha varõaþ ca gadgadaþ ca abhavat svara× |
10. savyam= the left; nayanam= eye; asya= of Akampana; yudhaabhinandinaH= who delighted in warfare; visphurat= began to twitch; mukhavarNashcha= hs countenance; vivarNaH= grew pale; svanaH= and his voice; abhavat= became; gadgadaH= trembled.
The left eye of Akampana, who delighted in warfare, began to twitch. His countenance grew pale and his voice trembled.
abhavat sudine ca api durdine r¨kÿa m˜rutam || 6-55-11
¨cuh khag˜ m®g˜h sarve v˜cah kr¨r˜ bhaya ˜vah˜× |
11. kaale= at a time; sudine= of a good day (marked by a fine weather); abhavat= it became; durdinam= a day of bad weather; mukSamaarutam= with a bitter wind beginning to blow; khagamR^igaaH= Birds and beasts; uuchuH= uttered; kruuraaH= cruel; bhayaavahaaH= and fearful; vaachaH= cries.
At a time of a good day, marked by fine weather, it turned into a day of bad weather with a bitter wind beginning to blow. Birds and beasts uttered cruel and fearful cries.
sa simha upacita skandhah þ˜rd¨la sama vikrama× || 6-55-12
t˜n utp˜t˜n acintya eva nirjag˜ma raõa ˜jiram |
12. saH= that demon; simhaapachita skandhaH= who had the shoulders of a lion; shaarduulasama vikramaH= and the agility of a tiger; avichintyaiva= disregarding; taan= those; utpaataan= portents; nirjagaama= rushed; raNaajiram= towards the battle field.
That demon, who had the shoulders of a lion and the agility of a tiger, disregarding those portents, rushed towards the battle-field.
tad˜ nirgaccatas tasya rakÿasah saha r˜kÿasai× || 6-55-13
babh¨va sumah˜n n˜dah kÿobhayann iva s˜garam |
13. tasya raakSasaH= (while) that demon; raakSasaiH saha= along with other demons; nirgachchhataH= went forward; tathaa= thus; sumahaan naadaH= an immense tumult; babhuuva= arose; khhobhayanmivaa= that seemed to convulse; saagaram= the ocean.
While Akampana advanced thus with his troops, an immense tumult arose that seemed to convulse the ocean.
tena þabdena vitrast˜ v˜nar˜õ˜m mah˜ cam¨× || 6-55-14
druma þaila praharaõ˜ yoddhum samavatiÿ÷hata |
14. tena shabdena= by (hearing) that sound; samupatiSThataam= of the coming demons; yoddhum= for the battle; mahaachamuuH= the huge army; vaanaraaNaam= of the monkeys; druma shailaprahaaraaNaam= moving forward with trees and rocks; vitrastaa= was frightened.
By hearing that clamour of the demons coming for the battle, the huge army of the monkeys, brandishing trees and rocks, was frightened.
teÿ˜m yuddham mah˜ raudram samjajne kapi rakÿas˜m || 6-55-15
r˜ma r˜vaõayo®arthe samabhityakta jŸvin˜m |
15. mahaaraudram= a highly fierce; yuddham= battle; samjaJNe= occurred; teSaam= between those; kapiraakSasaam= monkeys and demons; samabhityakta jiivinaam= who were ready to lose their lives; raama raavaNayoH arthe= for the sake of Rama and Ravana.
A highly fierce battle ensued between those monkeys and demons, who were ready to lose their lives for the sake of Rama and Ravana.
sarve hy atibal˜h þ¨r˜h sarve parvata samnibh˜× || 6-55-16
harayo r˜kÿas˜þ caiva paraspara jighamsava× |
16. sarve= all; harayaH= the monkeys; raakSashchaiva= and the demons; paraspara jighaasavaH= who were willing to kill each other; atibalaaH= were very strong; shuuraaH= valiant; sarve= and all; parvata samnibhaaH= were resembling mountains.
All the monkeys and demons, who were willing to kill each other, were very strong and valiant. All were resembling mountains.
teÿ˜m vinard˜t˜m þabdah samyuge atitarasvin˜m || 6-55-17
þuþruve sumah˜n krodh˜d anyonyam abhigarjat˜m |
17. teSaam= their; sumahaan= very great; shabdaH= clamour; vinardataam= yelling; tarasvinaam= with their strength; kopam= in their rage; abhigarjitaam= making savage cries; shushruve= were heard; pamyuge= in that combat.
The tremendous clamour of the aforesaid warriors, yelling in their rage and strength, making savage cries, were distinctly heard on the battle-field.
rajas× ca aruõa varõa ˜bham subhŸmam abhavad bh®þam || 6-55-18
uddh¨tam hari rakÿobhi× samrurodha diþo daþa |
18. subhiimam= A highly terrible; rajashcha= dust too; bhR^isham aruNa varNaabham= in a thick coppery colour; uddhatam= raised; harirakSobhiH= by the monkeys and demons; abhavata= was found; samrurodha= and enveloped; dasha= the ten; dishaH= quarters.
A highly terrific dust, in a thick coppery colour, raised by the monkeys and demons enveloped all the ten quarters.
anyonyam rajas˜ tena kauþeya uddh¨ta p˜õýun˜ || 6-55-19
samv®t˜ni ca bh¨t˜ni dad®þu®na raõa ajire |
19. bhuutaani= the beings (combatants); samvR^itaani= enveloped; tena rajasaa= by that dust; kesheyoddhuuta paaNDunaa= which was whitish like a piece of silk shaken by the wind; na dadR^ishuH= did not see; anyonyam= each other; raNaajire= in the battle=field.
The combatants, enveloped by that dust, which was whitish like a piece of silk shaken by the wind, could no longer distinguish each other on the battle-field.
na dhvajo na pat˜k˜ v˜ varma v˜ turago api v˜ || 6-55-20
˜yudham syandanam v˜ api dad®þe tena reõun˜ |
20. na= neither; dhvajaH= standard; pataakaa vaa= banner; na= nor; charma vaa= shield; turago.api vaa= horse; aayudham= weapon; syandanova api= even chariot; (could be seen); tena= in that; reNunaa= dust.
Neither standard, banner and shield, nor horse, weapon and chariot could be discerned in that pall of dust.
þabdas× ca sumah˜ms teÿ˜m nardat˜m abhidh˜vat˜m || 6-55-21
þr¨yate tumule yuddhe na r¨p˜õi cak˜þire |
21. sumahaan= a great; tumulaH= tumultuous; shabdashcha= clamour; teSaaM= of warriors; nardataam= making challenging cries; abhidaavataam= and rushing upon each other; shruuyate= was heard; yuddhe= in the battle; ruupaaNi= (yet in the confuison) no forms; nachakaashire= were visible.
A great tumultuous clamour, of warriors, making challenging cries and rushing upon each other, was heard on the battle-field, yet in that confusion, no form was visible.
harŸn eva susamkruddh˜ harayo jaghnu®˜have || 6-55-22
r˜kÿas˜þ ca api rakÿ˜msi nijaghnus timire tad˜ |
22. tadaa= then; timire= in that darkness; susamruSTaaH= the greatly enraged; harayaH= monkeys; jaghnaH= killed; hariinena= the monkeys themselves; aahave= in the battle; raakSasaaH= the demons; nijaghnuH= killed; raakSasaashchaapi= the demons themselves.
In the darkness, the greatly enraged monkeys killed the monkeys themselves and the demons killed the demons themselves in battle.
te par˜mþca vinighnanta× sv˜mþca v˜narar˜kÿas˜× || 6-55-23
rudhir˜rdr˜m tad˜ cakrurma hŸÕ paðk˜nulepan˜m |
23. te= those; vaanara raakSasaaH= monkeys and demons; nighnantaH= killing; paraamshcha= others; svaamshcha= and their own people; tadaa= then; chakruH= make; mahiim= the earth; rudhiraardraam= dampened with blood; paNkaanulepanaam= anointing its body with mud.
Those monkeys and demons killing other and their own people then made the earth dampened with blood, anointing its body with mud.
tatas tu rudhira ogheõa siktam vyapagatam raja× || 6-55-24
þarŸra þava samkŸrõ˜ babh¨va ca vasum dhar˜ |
24. tataH= thereafter; trajaH= the dust; apagatam= wnet off; siktam= being sprinkled; rudhiogheNa= by the stream of blood; vasundharaa= the earth; babhuuva= became; shariira shava samkiirNaa= filled with bodies and corpses.
Under the stream of blood being sprinkled, the dust was laid, revealing the earth covered with bodies and corpses.
druma þakti þil˜ pr˜sai®gad˜ parigha tomarai× || 6-55-25
harayo r˜kÿas˜s t¨rõam jaghnu®anyonyam ojas˜ |
25. raakSasaaH= the demons; harayaH= and the monkeys; tuurNam= quickly; jaghmuH= struck; anyonyam= each other; ojasaa= with vigour; druma shaktigadaa praasaiH= with blows from trees, spears, maces, javelins; shilaa parigha tomaraiH= stones, bars and picks.
The demons and the monkeys vigorously struck each other swiftly with blows from trees, spears, maces, javelins, stones, bars and picks.
b˜hubhi× parigh˜ ˜k˜rai®yudhyantah parvata upam˜× || 6-55-26
harayo bhŸma karm˜õo r˜kÿas˜n jaghnu®˜have |
26. haryaH= the monkeys; bhiima karmaaNaH= of dreadful deeds; parvatopamaaH= and who resembled mountains; yuddhantaH= fighting; baahubhiH= with their arms; parighaakaaraiH= appearing like iron bars; jaghnuH= killed; raakSasaan= the demons; aahave= in the battle.
The monkeys of dreadful deeds, resembling mountains, fighting with their arms appearing like iron bars, killed the demons in battle.
r˜kÿas˜s× ca api samkruddh˜h pr˜sa tomara p˜õaya× || 6-55-27
kapŸn nijaghnire tatra þastraih parama d˜ruõai× |
27. praaasa tomara paaNayaH= with darts and javelins in their hands; abhisamkruddhaaH= the enraged; raakSasaastu= demons; tatra= there; nijaghnire= struck; kapiin= the monkeys; parama daaruNaiH= with their cruel; shastraiH= weapons.
The enraged demons with darts and javelins in their hands, struck the monkeys there with their cruel weapons.
akampana× susaðkruddho r˜kÿas˜n˜Õ cam¨pati× || 6-55-28
saÕharÿayati t˜nsarv˜nr˜kÿas˜n bhŸmavikram˜n |
28. susamkruddhaH= the extremely enraged; akampanaH= Akampana; chamuupatiH= the General of the army; raakSasaanaam= of demons; samharSayati=cheered; sarvaan= all; taan raakSasaan= those demons; bhiimavikramaan= by his terrible prowess.
The extremely enraged Akampana, the general of the army of demons, cheered all those demons by his terrible prowess.
harayas tv api rakÿ˜msi mah˜ druma mah˜ aþmabhi× || 6-55-29
vid˜rayanty abhikramya þastr˜õy ˜ccidya vŸryata× |
29. harayanti api= the monkeys however; abhikramya= leaping upon then; aachchhidya= and snatching; shastraaN= their weapons; viiryataH= through their strength; vidaarayanti= crushed; rakSaamsi= those demons; mahaa druma mahaashmabhiH= with blows from large trees and stones.
The monkeys however leaping upon them and snatching their weapons through their strength, crushed those demons with blows from large trees and stones.
etasminn antare vŸr˜ harayah kumudo nala× || 6-55-30
maindas× ca parama kruddhaþ cakru®vegam anuttamam |
30. etasmin antare= meanwhile; kumudaH= kumuda; nalaH= nala; maindashcha= and Mainda; viiraaH= the courageous; harayaH= monkeys; paramakruddhaaH= in an outburst of rage; charuH= displayed; anuttamam= unsurpassed; vegam= rashness.
Meanwhile Kumuda, Nala and Mainda the courageous monkeys in an outburst of anger, displayed unsuprassed rashness.
te tu v®kÿai®mah˜ veg˜ r˜kÿas˜n˜m cam¨ mukhe || 6-55-31
kadanam sumaha cakrur lŸlay˜ hari y¨thap˜× |
mamanth¨ r˜kÿas˜n sarve n˜n˜praharaõairbh®þam || 6-55-32
31, 32. mahaaviiraaH= the exceedingly valiant; te= those; haripuN^gavaaH= chiefs of monkeys; liilayaa= as in sport; chamnumukhe= in the army-front; vR^ikSaiH= with trees; chakruH= performed; sumahat= a very great; kadanam= carnage; raakSasaanaam= of demons; sarve= all of them; bhR^isham= repeatedly; mamanthuH= crushed; raakSasaan= the demons; naanaa praharaNaiH= with every kind of weapon.
Those exceedingly valiant chiefs of monkeys, as in sport, in the battle-front, with mighty blows of trees, created a great carnage among the demons. All of them repeatedly crushed the demons with every kind of weapon.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye yuddhak˜õýe pañcapañcaþa× sarga×
Thus completes 55th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© February 2006, K. M. K. Murthy