Chapter [Sarga] 48

Introduction

Seetha, on beholding Rama and Lakshmana, was absorbed in various thoughts like, "The sooth sayers had prophesied that I should never be widowed and would bear sons. How could their prediction become untrue?" However, Trijata reassures her, stating good reasons for Rama and Lakshman to be still alive and cheering her up, takes her back to Ashoka grove.


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bhart˜ram nihatam d®ÿ÷v˜ lakÿmaõam ca mah˜ balam |
vilal˜pa bh®þam sŸt˜ karuõam þoka karþit˜ || 6-48-1

1. dR^iSTvaa= seeing; nihatam= the slain; bhartaaram= husband; mahaabalam= and the exceedingly strong; lakshmaNamcha= Lakshmana; siitaa= Seetha; shoka karshitaa= was emaciated with grief; bhR^isham= very much; vilalaapa= and lamented; karuNtam= pitiably.

Seeing her husband and the mighty Lakshmana having been killed, Seetha was very much emaiated through grief and lamented pitiably (as follows):

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¨cur lakÿaõik˜ ye m˜m putriõy avidhav˜ iti ca |
te asya sarve hate r˜me ajn˜nino an®ta v˜dina× || 6-48-2

2. ye= which; laakSaNikaaH= interpretors of marks or signs ( the sooth-sayers); uuchuH= predicted; maam= me; putriNii= to be having children; avidhaveti cha= and without widowhood; te= those; jJNaaninaH= knowledgeable persons; adya= now; anR^itavaadinaH= (are proved to be) liers; raame= (since) Rama; hate= has been killled.

"The sooth sayers, reading the marks and signs on my body, prophesized that I shall bear sons and never be widowed. Now that Rama has been slain, their words have proved to be untrue."

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yajvano mahiÿŸm ye m˜m ¨cuh patnŸm ca satriõa× |
te adya sarve hate r˜me ajn˜nino an®ta v˜dina× || 6-48-3

3. raame= Since Rama; hate= is slain; sarve= all; te jJNaaninaH= those astrologers; ye= who; uuchuH= predicted; maam patniim= that I should be the companion; sattriNaH= of a sattra sacrifice; mahiSiim= and the consort; yajvanaH= of the performer of great sacrifices; adya= now; anR^itavaadinaH= have become utterers of falsehood.

"Since Rama is slian, all those astrologers, who predicted that I shold be the companio of a sattra sacrifice and the consort of the performer of great sacrifices, now have proved to be utteres of falsehood."

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vŸra p˜rthiva patnŸ tvam ye dhany˜ iti ca m˜m vidu× |
te adya sarve hate r˜me ajn˜nino an®ta v˜dina× || 6-48-4

4. adya= now; raame= that Rama; hate= has been slain; sarve= all; te= those; jNaaninaH= sooth-sayers; ye= who; viduH= predicted; bhartR^ipuujitaam= that I should be honoured by my husbaned; viirapaarthiva patniinaam= and by the wives of warriors and kings; anR^ita vaadinaH= are proved not to have spoken truly.

"Now that Rama has been slain, all those sooth-sayers who predicted that I should be honoured by my husband as well as the wives of warriors and kings, are proved to be liars."

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¨cu× samþravaõe ye m˜m dvij˜h k˜rt˜ntik˜h þubh˜m |
te adya sarve hate r˜me ajn˜nino an®ta v˜dina× || 6-48-5

5. adya= now; raame= that Rama; hate= has beeen slain; sarve= all; te= those; jJNaaninaH= astrologers; kaartaanikaaH dvijaaH= among the wise brahmins; ye= who; samshravaNe= openly; uuchuH= foretold; shubham= happiness; maami= for me; anR^itavaadinaH= are proved to have spoken falsely!;

"Now that Rama has been slain, all those astrologers among the wise brahmins. Who openly foretold that I should remain happy with my husband are proved to have spoken falsely!"

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im˜ni khalu padm˜ni p˜dayor yaih kila striya× |
adhir˜jye abhiÿicyante nara indraih patibhih saha || 6-48-6

6. padmaani khalu= by the marks of lotus indeed; imaani= on these; paadayoH= my feet; yaiH= by which; kulastriyaH= hight-born women; abhiSichyante= are consecreated; aadhiraajye= for an empire; patibhiH saha= with their husbands; narendraH= and kings.

"Yet I bear the marks of lotus on my soles by virtue of which high-born women are consecrated on an imperial throne with their husbands and lords."

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vaidhavyam y˜nti yair n˜ryo alakÿaõair bh˜gya durlabh˜× |
na ˜tmanas t˜ni paþy˜mi paþyantŸ hata lakÿaõ˜ || 6-48-7

7. na pashyaami= I do not find; taani= tohse; alakSaNaiH= marks of ill-fortune; yaiH= which; yaanti= betoken; vaidhavyam- widowhood; naaryaH= in women; bhaagya durlabhaaH= who are ill-starred; pashyantii= and as I examine; hata lakSaNaa= all the auspicious signs appear to be rendered void; aatmanaH= for me.

"I do not find those marks of ill-fortune which betoken widowhood in women who are ill-starred and as I examine, all the auspicious signs appear to be rendered void for me."

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saty˜ni im˜ni padm˜ni strŸõ˜m uktv˜ni lakÿaõe |
t˜ny adya nihate r˜me vitath˜ni bhavanti me || 6-48-8

8. lakSaNaiH= (These) marks; padmaani= of the lotus; uktaani= said to be; satyanaamaani= good angury; striiNaam= for women; (by the wise men); taani= those marks; me= of mine; bhavanti= have become; vitathaani= meaningless; adya= now; raame= that Rama; nihate= is slain.

"Those marks of the lotus said to be good angury for women by wise men, have become meaningless, now that Rama is slain."

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keþ˜h s¨kÿm˜h sam˜ nŸl˜ bhruvau ca asamgate mama |
v®tte ca alomaþe janghe dant˜þ ca aviral˜ mama || 6-48-9

9. mam= my; keshaaH= hair; suukSmaaH= is fine; niilaaH= black in clour; samaaH= and smooth; bruvoucha= my eye-brows too; asamhate= are dis-united; mama= my; jaN^ghe= shanks; vR^itte= are well-rounded; aromake= and hair-less; dantaashcha= my teeth; aviralaaH= are contiguous.

"My hair is fine, black in colour and smooth. My eye-brows are disunited. My shanks are hair-less and well rounded. My teeth are contiguous, without any gaps between them."

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þankhe netre karau p˜dau gulph˜v ¨r¨ ca me citau |
anuv®tt˜ nakh˜h snigdh˜h sam˜þ ca angulayo mama || 6-48-10

10. mama= My; shaNkhe= temples, netre= eyes; karau= arms; paadau= feet; gulphau= ankles; uuru= thighs; samau= are homogenous; chitau= and wll-proportioned; aNgulayaH= the fingers; anuvR^ittanakhaaH= have well-rounded nails; snigdhaaH= which are glossy; samaashcha= and having a right length.

"My temples, eyes, arms, feet, ankles and thights are homogenous and well-proportioned. My fingers have well-rounded and glossy nails, having a right lenght."

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stanau ca aviralau pŸnau mama imau magna c¨cukau |
magn˜ ca utsanginŸ n˜bhih p˜rþva uraskam ca me citam || 6-48-11

11. maamakau= my; stanau= breasts; aviralau= are close to each other; piinau= fully developed; magna chuuchukau= and have depressed nipples; naabhiH= my navel; magnaa= is deeply; utsedhinii= indented; me= my; paarshvoraskamcha= flanks and bossom; chitam= are well-formed.

"My breasts are close to each other, fully developed and have depressed nipples. My navel is deeply idented. My flanks and bossom are well-formed."

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mama varõo maõi nibho m®d¨ny anga ruh˜õi ca |
pratiÿ÷hit˜m dvadaþabhir m˜m ¨cuh þubha lakÿaõ˜m || 6-48-12

12. mama= my; varNaH= complexion; maNinibhaH= has the sheen of a pearl; aNga ruhaaNicha= the hair on my skin; mR^iduuni= are soft; uuchuH= It is said; maam= of me; as endowed with auspicious signs; pratiSThitaam= in that I touched the ground; dvaadashabhiH= with my twelve limbs ( vix. the ten toes and two soles).

"My complexion has the sheen of a pearl. The hair on my skin are soft. It is said of me as endowed with auspicious signs, in that I touched the ground with my twelve limbs (viz. the ten toes and two soles).

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samagra yavam accidram p˜õi p˜dam ca varõavat |
manda smit˜ ity eva ca m˜m kany˜ lakÿaõik˜ vidu× || 6-48-13

13. kanyaalakSaNikaaH= those who interpret the marks of youthful maidens; viduH= spoke; maam= of me; iti= that; paaNipaadamcha= my hands and feet; varNavat= are rosy; samagrayavam= fully provided with marks resembling a barley-corn; achchhidram= devoid of space between the fingers and toes; mandasnitaa= and my smile is gentle.

"Those who interpret the marks of youthful maidens spoke of me that my hands and feet are rosy, fully provided with marks each resembling a barley corn, devoid of space between my fingers and toes and that my smile is gentle."

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adhir˜jye abhiÿeko me br˜hmaõaih patin˜ saha |
k®ta anta kuþalair uktam tat sarvam vitathŸ k®tam || 6-48-14

14. tat sarvam= all that; uktam= was told; braahmaNaiH= by brahmins; kR^itaanta kushalaiH= who were skilled in sooth-saying; me= of me; aadhi raajyaabhiSekaH= that I should be conscrated on the imperial throne; patinaa saha= along with my husband; vitathiikR^itam= proved to be in vain.

"All that was told by brahmins well-versed in sooth-saying, of me that- I should be consecrated on the imperial throne along with my husband -proved to be in vain."

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þodhayitv˜ jana sth˜nam prav®ttim upalabhya ca |
tŸrtv˜ s˜garam akÿobhyam bhr˜tarau goÿpade hatau || 6-48-15

15. shodayitvaa= having searched; janasthaanam= all the resorts of men; upalabhyacha= received; pravR^ittim= the tidings of my fate; tiirtvaa= and crossed; akSobhyam= the impassable; saagaram= ocean; bhraataram= those two brothers; hatau= have perished; goSpade= in the imprint of a cows hoof (a small brothers)

"Having searched all the resorts of men, received the tidings of my fate, and crossed the impassable ocean, those two brothers have perishe din the imprint of a cow's hoof ( a small puddle)."

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nanu v˜ruõam ˜gneyam aindram v˜yavyam eva ca |
astram brahma þiraþ caiva r˜ghavau pratyapadyat˜m || 6-48-16

16. raaghavau= Rama and Lakshmana; pratya padyataam nanu= surely knew the use of; vaaruNam= the arrows of Varuna; aagneyam= Agni; aindram= Indra; vaayavyameva cha= and Vayu; brahmashiraH astram cha= as also the Brahmashira weapon.

"Rama and Lakshmana surely knew the use of the arrows of Varuna, Agni, Indra and Vayu, as also the Brahmashira weapon."

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ad®þyam˜nena raõe m˜yay˜ v˜sava upamau |
mama n˜th˜v an˜th˜y˜ nihatau r˜ma lakÿmaõau || 6-48-17

17. maayayaa= by means of magic arts; raama lakSmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana; mama= my; naathau= protectors; vaasavopamau= who are equal to Indra; nihatau= have been slain; adR^ishya maanena= by an invisible foe; raNe= in battle; anaathaayaaH= and I am now bereft of any support.

"By means of magic arts, an invisible foe has slain Rama and Lakshmana, my protectors, who are equal to Indra in battle and I am now bereft of any support."

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na hi d®ÿ÷i patham pr˜pya r˜ghavasya raõe ripu× |
jŸvan pratinivarteta yady api sy˜n mano java× || 6-48-18

18. praapya= having reached; dR^iSTipatham= the range of sight; raaghavasya= of Rama; raNe= in a combat; na ripuH= no enemy; pratinivartate hi= could return; jiivam= alive; syaadyadyapi= even though; manojavaH= (he were endowed with) the swiftness of thought.

"Having reached the range of sight of Rama in a combat, no enemy could return alive, eventhough he were endowed with the swiftness of thought."

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na k˜lasya atibh˜ro asti k®ta antaþ ca sudurjaya× |
yatra r˜mah saha bhr˜tr˜ þete yudhi nip˜thita× || 6-48-19

19. naasti= there is no; atibhaaraH= great burden; kaalasya= for death; yatra= as; raamaH= Rama; bhraatraa saha= along wtih his brother; shete= are lying; nipaatitaH= struck down; yudhi= on the battle-field; kR^itaantashcha= fate; sudurjayaH= is inexorable.

There is no burden too heavy for death to shoulder, as Rama along with his brother are lying struck down on the battle-field. Fate is inexorable."

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na aham þoc˜mi bhart˜ram nihatam na ca lakÿmaõam |
na ˜tm˜nam jananŸ ca api yath˜ þvaþr¨m tapasvinŸm || 6-48-20

20. na shochaami= I do not repent; raama= for Rama; lakSmaNam cha= or Lakshmana; mahaaratham= the great chariot-wariior; na= nor; aatmaanam= for myself; na= nr; jananiim chaapi= my mother even; yathaa tathaa= by so much; shashruum= as my mother-iin-law; tapasviniim= the unfortunate one.

"I do not repent so much for Rama and Lakshmana or for myself or even my mother but for my unfortunate mother-in-law, Kausalya."

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s˜ hi cintayate nityam sam˜pta vratam ˜gatam |
kad˜ drakÿy˜mi sŸt˜m ca r˜mam ca saha lakÿmaõam || 6-48-21

21. saa tu= Kausalya for her part; nityam= forever; chintayate= remains absorbed in the thought; kadaa= when; drakSyaami= shall I see; lakSmaNamcha= Lakshmana; siitaamcha= and Seetha; saraaghavam= with Rama; aagatam= returned (to Ayodhya); samapta vratam= having completed his vow ( of remaining in exile in the forest for fourteen years)?

"Kausalya for her part, forever remains absorbed in the thought 'When shall I see Lakshmana and Seetha with Rama returned (to Ayodhya) having completed his vow (of remaining in exile in the forest for fourteen years)?"

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paridevayam˜n˜m t˜m r˜kÿasŸ trija÷˜ abravŸt |
m˜ viÿ˜dam k®th˜ devi bhart˜ ayam tava jŸvati || 6-48-22

22. trijaTaa= Trijata; raakSasii= the demoness; abraviit= spoke; taam= to that Seetha; paridevayamaanaam= who was thus lamenting (as follows); devi= O, god-like lady!; maa kR^ithaaH= do not; viSaadam= despair; tava= your; bhartaa= husband; ayam= this Rama; jiivati= is living.

The demoness Trijata spoke to that lamenting Seetha as follows : "O, the god-like lady! Do not despair. Your husband, Rama is still living."

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k˜raõ˜ni ca vakÿy˜mi mah˜nti sad®þ˜ni ca |
yath˜ imau jŸvato devi bhr˜tarau r˜ma lakÿmaõau || 6-48-23

23. devii= O godlike lady!; vakSyaami= I will tell; mahaanti= mighty; sadR^ishaani= and cogent; kaaraNaanicha= reasons; yathaa= how; imau= these; bhraatarau= two brothers; raama lakSmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana; jiivataH= are living.

"O, godlike lady! I will tell you mighty and cogent reasons, how these two brothers Rama and Lakshmana are living."

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na hi kopa parŸt˜ni harÿa paryutsuk˜ni ca |
bhavanti yudhi yodh˜n˜m mukh˜ni nihate patau || 6-48-24

24. patau= The leader; nihate= having been lost; mukhaani= the faces; yodhaanaam= of the soldiers; yudhi= on the field of battle; na bhavanti hi= are never seized; kopapariitaani= by anger; harSapryutsukaani= (nor are they) animated with joy.

"The leader having been lost, the faces of the soldiers on the field of battle are never seized by anger nor are they animated with joy."

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idam vim˜nam vaidehi puÿpakam n˜ma n˜mata× |
divyam tv˜m dh˜rayen na idam yady etau gaja jŸvitau || 6-48-25

25. vaidehi= O, Seetha!; idam vimaanam= this aerial car; divyam= celestial as it is; puSpakam naama called Pushpaka; naamataH= by name; na dhaarayat= would not have brought; tvaam= you; (here); yadi etau= if those two heroes; gata jiivitau= have lost their lives.

"O, Seetha! This aerial car called Pushpaka by name, celestial as it is, would not have brought you here, if those two heroes have lost their lives."

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hata vŸra pradh˜n˜ hi hata uts˜h˜ nirudyam˜ |
sen˜ bhramati samkhyeÿu hata karõ˜ iva naur jale || 6-48-26

26. senaa= an army; hata viira pradhaanaa= that sees its valiant commander fall; gatotsaahaa= is bereft of courage; bhramati= and wanders; nirudyamaa= aimlessly about; samkhyeSu= on the battle field; nauH iva= like a ship; hata karNaa= which has broken its rudder; jale= in water.

"An army that sees its valiant commander falll, is bereft of courage and wanders aimlessly about on the battle field, like a ship which has broken its rudder in water."

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iyam punar asambhr˜nt˜ nirudvign˜ tarasvinŸ |
sen˜ rakÿati k˜kutsthau m˜yay˜ nirjitau raõe || 6-48-27

27. iyam= this; senaa punaH= army for its part; asambhraantaa= is neither confused; nirudvignaa= nr perturbed; rakSati= and is guarding; kaakutsthsau= the two scious of kakutstha, Rama and Lakshmana; niveditau= this is being pointed out; mayaa= by me; priityaa= on account of my affection for you; tapasvini= O lady given to austerities!.

"This army for its part is neither confused nor perturbed and is guarding Rama and Lakshman. I am pointing this out to you on account of my affection for you, O lady given to austerities!"

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s˜ tvam bhava suvisrabdh˜anum˜naih sukha udayai× |
ahatau paþya k˜kutsthau sneh˜d etad bravŸmi te || 6-48-28

28. bhava= be; savisrabdhaa= reassured; sukhodayaiH= by these auspicious; anumaanaiH= omens; pashya= behold; kaakutsthau= Rama and Lakshmana the scions of kakutstha; ahatau= who are not dead; braviimi= I am telling; te= you; etad= this; snehaat= on account of my affection for you.

"You as such, be reassured by these auspicious omens. Behold Rama and Lakshman who are not dead. I am telling you this, on account of my affection for you."

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an®tam na ukta p¨rvam me na ca vakÿye kad˜cana |
c˜ritra sukha þŸlatv˜t praviÿ÷˜ asi mano mama || 6-48-29

29. maithili= O, Seetha!; anR^itam= falsehood; na ukta puurvam= has not been uttered before; me= by me; nacha rakSyami= nor do I utter too now; praviSTaa asi= you have entered; mam= my; mamaH= mind; chaaritrasukha shiilatvaat= by your conduct and natural gaiety.

"O, Seetha! I have not spoken falsehood before, nor shall I ever do so. By your conduct and natural gaiety, you have found a place in my heart!"

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na imau þakyau raõe jetum sa indrair api sura asurai× |
etayor ˜nanam d®ÿ÷v˜ may˜ ca ˜veditam tava || 6-48-30

30. suraasurairapi= even celestials and demons; sendraiH= along with Indra; na shakyau= are unable; jetum= to defeat; imau= these two heroes; raNe= in battle; dR^iSTvaa= having observed; taadR^ishan= such; darshanam= a sight; aaveditam= it was communicated; tava= to you; mayaa= by me.

"Even celestials and demons along with Indra cannot vanquish there two heroes in battle. This is what I have observed and communicated to you."

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idam ca sumahac cihnam þanaih paþyasva maithili |
nihsamjn˜v apy ubh˜v etau na eva lakÿmŸr viyujyate || 6-48-31

31. maithili= O Seetha!; pashyasva= see; idam= this; sumahat= a very great; chitram= marvel!; (see how); patitau= fallen; sharaiH= (under those) shafts; visamjN^au= and deprived of their senss; lakSmiiH= their beauty; naiva muNehati= has not desrted; etau= them.

"O Seetha!; See this, a great marvel !; See how, fallen under those shafts and deprived of their senses, thier beauty has not deserted them."

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pr˜yeõa gata sattv˜n˜m puruÿ˜õ˜m gata ˜yuÿ˜m |
d®þyam˜neÿu vaktreÿu param bhavati vaik®tam || 6-48-32

32. praayeNa= generally; vaktreSu= the faces; puruSaaNaam= of men; gata sattvaanaam= who lost their lives; gataayuSaam= and whose vital power has vanished; bhavati= with be; dR^ishyamaaieeSu= appearing; param= with an appalling; vaikR^itam= alteration.

"Generally, the faces of those who lost their lives and whose vital power has vanished, will be appearing with an appalling alteration".

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tyaja þokam ca duhkham ca moham ca janaka ˜tmaje |
r˜ma lakÿmaõayor arthe na adya þakyam ajŸvitum || 6-48-33

33. janakaatmaje= O, Seetha!; tyaja= Banish; shokam= your grief; duHkham cha= pain; mohamcha= and ignorance; raamalakSmaNayoH arthe= on account of Rama and Lakshman; na shakyam= It is impossible; adya= now 9with the splendour in their faces); (they) ajiivitum= do not live.

"O, Seetha! Banish your grief, pain and ignorance on account of Rama and Lakshmana. It is impossible, now with the splendour seen in their faces, for Rama and Lakshmana to die."

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þrutv˜ tu vacanam tasy˜h sŸt˜ sura sut˜ upam˜ |
k®ta anjalir uv˜ca idam evam astv iti maithilŸ || 6-48-34

34. shrutvaa= hearing; tasyaaH= her; vachanam= words; siita= Seetha; surasutopamaa= who resembled a daughter of gods; maithilii= but the daughter of Mithila kingdom; kR^itaaNjaliH= with joined palms; uvaacha= exclaimed; iti emaam= in this way; evam astu= may it be so."

Hearing her words, Seetha, the daughter of Mithila kingdom resembling a daughter of gods, with joined palms exclaimed, "May it be so."

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vim˜nam puÿpakam tat tu samivartya mano javam |
dŸn˜ trija÷ay˜ sŸt˜ lank˜m eva praveþit˜ || 6-48-35

35. samnivartya= after duly sending back; tat= that; puSpakam vimaanam= aerial car, Pushpaka; manojavam= sorrowfu; siitaa= Seetha; pravashitaa= was caused to enter; laN^kaameva= Lanka once more; tirjaTayaa= by Trijata.

After sending back that aerial car, Pushpaka which was as swift as the thought, the sorrowful Seetha was caused by Trijata to enter Lanka once more.

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tatas trija÷ay˜ s˜rdham puÿpak˜d avaruhya s˜ |
aþoka vanik˜m eva rakÿasŸbhih praveþit˜ || 6-48-36

36. tataH= thereafter; saa= Seetha; trijaTayaa saardham= along with Trijata; avaruhya= who descended; puSpakaat= from Pushpaka the aerial car; praveshitaaa= were caused to enter; ashokavanikaameva= Ashoka grove again; raakSasiibhiH= by the female demons.

Thereafter, Seetha along with Trijata who descended from Pshpaka the aerial car, were caused by the female demons, to enter the Ashoka grove again.

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praviþya sŸt˜ bahu v®kÿa ÿaõý˜m |
t˜m r˜kÿasa indrasya vih˜ra bh¨mim |samprekÿya samcintya ca r˜ja putrau |
param viÿ˜dam samup˜jag˜ma || 6-48-37

37. pravishya= entering; taam= that Ashoka grove; bahuvR^ikSaNDaam= planted with a multitude of trees; vihaara bhuumim= the sporting ground; raakSasendrasya= of Ravana; samchintya cha= recalling; raajaputrau= the two princes; samprakSya= who she had just seen; siitaa= Seetha; upaaja= gave way; param viSaadam= to extreme grief.

Entering that Ashoka grove, planted with a multitude of trees, sporting ground of Ravana and recalling the two princes who she had just seen, Seetha gave way to extreme grief.

54

 

ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yane ˜dik˜vye yuddhak˜õýe aÿ÷acatv˜rimþa× sarga×

Thus completes 48th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 48

 

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Sarga 48 in English Prose

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© August 2005, K. M. K. Murthy