Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
Ravana summons some female demons including Trijata and instructs them to take Seetha in Pushpaka-plane to the battle-front and show Rama and Lakshmana alleged to have been killed by Indrajit. Accordingly, the female-demons take Seetha in Pushpaka-plane and show her Rama and Lakshmana lying unconscious on a bed of arrows in the battle-field. Imagining Rama and Lakshmana to have been dead, Seetha bursts into sobs.
tasmin pratipraviÿ÷e lank˜m tu k®ta arthe r˜vaõa ˜tmaje |
r˜ghavam pariv˜rya ˜rt˜ rarakÿur v˜nara ®ÿabh˜× || 6-47-1
1. tasmin= (while) that; raavaNaatmaja= Indrajit; the son of Ravana; kR^itaarthe= accomplished his purpose; praviSTe= and entered; laN^kaayaam= Lanka; vaanaraSabhaaH= the leading mokeys; atha= then; parivaarya= having surrounded; raaghavam= Rama; rarakSuH= and protected him.
Indrajit, the son of Ravana having returned to Lanka, his purpose accomplished, the leading monkeys surrounded Rama in order to watch over him.
han¨m˜n angado nŸlah suÿeõah kumudo nala× |
gajo gava akÿo gavayah þarabho gandha m˜dana× || 6-47-2
j˜mbav˜n ®ÿabhah sundo rambhah þata balih p®thu× |
vy¨ýha anŸk˜þ ca yatt˜þ ca drum˜n ˜d˜ya sarvata× || 6-47-3
vŸkÿam˜õ˜ diþah sarv˜s tiryag ¨rdhvam ca v˜nar˜× |
t®õeÿv api ca ceÿ÷atsu r˜kÿas˜iti menire || 6-47-4
2, 3, 4. hanuman= Hanuman; aN^gadaH= Angada; NiilaH= Nila; suSeNaH= Sushena; kumudaH= Kumuda; nalaH= Nala; gajaH= Gaja; gavaakSaH= Gavaksha; panasaH= Panasa; mahaa hariH= the mighty monkey; saanaprasthaH= Sanuprastha; jaambavaan= Jambavan; R^iSabhaH= Rishabha; sunaH= Sunda; rambhaH= Rmaba; shatabaliH= Shatabali; pR^ithuH= Prithu; vaanaraaH= (these) monkeys; aadaaya= armed with; drumaan= trees; vyuuDhaaniikaaH= reorganized their ranks; sarvataH= on all sides;yathaashcha= alert; viikSamaaNaaH= surveyed; dishaH= the quarters of the sky; uurdhvam cha= upwards; tiryak= and horizontally; sarvataH= and on every side; tR^iNeSvapi= and even if a grass; cheSTatsu= stirred; menire= (they) exclaimed; raakSasaaH iti= “It is a demon!”
Hanuman, Angada, Nila, Sushena, Kumuda, Nala, Gaja, Gavaksha, Panasa, Sanuprastha and the mighty Jambavan with Sunda, Rambha, Shatabali and Prithu all these monkeys, armed with trees, reorganized their ranks, stood alert, surveyed the quarters of the sky up and down and on every side and, even if a grass stirred, they exclaimed, “It is a demon!”
r˜vaõaþ ca api samh®ÿ÷o vis®jya indrajitam sutam |
˜juh˜va tatah sŸt˜ rakÿaõŸ r˜kÿasŸs tad˜ || 6-47-5
5. raavaNashchaapi= Ravana too; samhR^iSTaH= full of joy; visR^ijya= dismissed; sutam= his son; indrajitam= Indrajit; tataH= and thereafter; aajuhaava= summoned; raakSasiiH= the female-demons; siitaa raakSaNiiH= who guarded Seetha; tadaa= then.
Ravana, meanwhile, full of joy, dismissed his son Indrajit and thereafter summoned the female demons who guarded Seetha.
r˜kÿasyas trija÷˜ ca api þ˜san˜t tam upasthit˜× |
t˜ uv˜ca tato h®ÿ÷o r˜kÿasŸ r˜kÿasa Ÿþvara× || 6-47-6
6. shaasanaat= as per his orders; raakSasyaH= the female-demons; trijaTaa chaapi= along with Trijata; upasthitaaH= appeared; tam= before him; tataH= then; hR^iSTaH= the rejoiced; raakSasaadhipaH= Ravana; uvaacha= spoke; taaH raakSasaadhipaH= Ravana; uvaacha= spoke; taaH raakSasiiH= to those female-demons (as follows)
Following his orders, the female-demons along with Trijata appeared before him. Then, the rejoiced Ravana said to them as follows:
hat˜v indrajit˜ ˜khy˜ta vaidehy˜ r˜ma lakÿmaõau |
puÿpakam ca sam˜ropya darþayadhvam hatau raõe || 6-47-7
7. aakhyaata= tell; vaidehyaaH= Seetha; raama lakSmaNau= that Rama and Lakshmana; hatau= have been killed; indrajitaa= by Indrajit; samaaropya= having made to ascend; tat= that; puSpakam= aeroplane, Pushpaka; darshayadhvam= show; hatau= Rama and Lakshmana, killed; raNe= in battle.
“Tell Seetha that Rama and Lakshmana have been killed by Indrajit. Take her in Pushpaka the aeroplane and show her Rama and Lakshman who were killed in battle.”
yad ˜þray˜d avaÿ÷abdho na iyam m˜m upatiÿ÷hati |
so asy˜ bhart˜ saha bhr˜tr˜ nirasto raõa m¨rdhani || 6-47-8
8. yadaashrayaat= on whose shelter; iyam= she; avaSTabdhaa= feels proud; na upatiSThate= and does not come near; maam= me; saH= that; asyaaH bhartaaH= her husband; nihataH= was killed; bhraatraa saha= along with his brother; raNamuurdhani= in the battle-front.
“Her husband, the one depending on whom rendered her so proud that she refused to be united with me, lies there killed with his brother in the battle-front.”
nirviþank˜ nirudvign˜ nirapekÿ˜ ca maithilŸ |
m˜m upasth˜syate sŸt˜ sarva ˜bharaõa bh¨ÿit˜ || 6-47-9
9. siitaa= Seetha; maithilii= the princess of Mithila; sarvaabharaNa bhuuSitaa= adorned herself with all kinds of ornaments; upasthaasyate= willl submit before; maam= me; nirvishankaa= without any apprehension; nirudvignaa= without grief; nirapekSaa= and without any hope of reunion.
“From now on, free from anxiety, grief and expectation of reunion, Seetha the princess of Mithila kingdom, adorned in all her jewels, will submit herself to me.”
adya k˜la vaþam pr˜ptam raõe r˜mam salakÿmaõam |
avekÿya viniv®tta ˜þ˜ na any˜m gatim apaþyatŸ || 6-47-10
anapekÿ˜ viþ˜l˜kÿŸ m˜mupasthasyate svayam |
10. avekSya= beholding; raamam= Rama; salakSmaNam= with Lakshmana; gatam= having obtained; kaalavasham= the dominion of death; adya= today; saa= she; vishaalaakSii= the large-eyed woman; vinivR^ittaa= will return; upasthaasyate= and submit before; maam= me; svayam= herself; apashyatii= without finding; anyaam= any other; gatim= haven; anapekSaa= and hoping for nothing else .
“Beholding Rama and Lakshmana fallen under the sway of death on the battle-field today, finding no other haven and hoping for nothing else, the large-eyed Seetha will voluntarily seek refuge with me!”
tasya tad vacanam þrutv˜ r˜vaõasya dur˜tmana× || 6-47-11
r˜kÿasyas t˜s tath˜ ity uktv˜ prajagmur yatra puÿpakam |
11. shrutvaa= hearing; tat vachanam= that command; tasya raavaNasya= of that Ravana; duraatmanaH= the curel demon; taaH raakSasya= those female-demons; uktvaa= having replied; tathaa iti= “so it be”; jagmuH vai= and went; yatra= there, where; puSpakam= Pushpaka-plane was there.
Hearing these words of the cruel Ravana, they all replied, “Be it so” and went to where the Pushpaka chariot was.
tata× puÿpakam ˜daya r˜kÿasyo r˜vaõa ˜jnay˜ || 6-47-12
aþoka vanik˜sth˜m t˜m maithilŸm samup˜nayan |
12. tataH= thereafter; raakSasyaH= the female-demons; aadaaya= brought; puSpakam= the aerial car, Pushpaka; raamaNaajJNayaa= as per the instructions of Ravana; samupaanayan= and carried it near; taam= tat; maithiliim= Seetha; ashokavanikaa; samsthaam= who was staying in Ashoka grove.
Thereafter, the female-demons brought the aerial car, Pushpaka as per the instructions of Ravana and carried it nearer to Seetha who was staying in Ashoka-grove.
t˜m ˜d˜ya tu r˜kÿasyo bhart® þoka par˜yaõ˜m || 6-47-13
sŸt˜m ˜ropay˜m ˜sur vim˜nam puÿpakam tad˜ |
13. tadaa= then; raakSasyaH= the female demons; aadaaya= brought; taam siitaam= that Seetha; bhartR^ishoka paraajitaam= who was afflicted with grief for her husband; aaropayaamaasuH= and made to ascend; puSpakam vimaanam= Pushpaka –plane.
The female-demons brought Seetha who was afflicted with grief for her husband and made her to ascend Pushpaka-plane.
tata× puÿpakam ˜ropya sŸt˜m trija÷ay˜ saha || 6-47-14
jagmurdarþayituÕ tasyai r˜kÿasyo r˜malakÿmaõau |
14. tataH= then; raakSasyaH= the female-demons; trijaTayaasaha= along with Trijata; aaropya siitaam= made Seetha to ascend; puSpakam= Pushpaka-plane; jagmuH= and proceeded; darshayitum= to show; tasyai= her; raama lakSmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana.
The female-demons along with Trijata made Seetha to ascend Pushpaka-plane and proceeded to show her Rama and Lakshmana.
r˜vaõo ak˜rayal lank˜m pat˜k˜ dhvaja m˜linŸm || 6-47-15
pr˜ghoÿayata h®ÿ÷aþ ca lank˜y˜m r˜kÿasa Ÿþvara× |
r˜ghavo lakÿmaõaþ caiva hat˜v indrajit˜ raõe || 6-47-16
15, 16. raavaNaH= Ravana; raakSaseshvaraH= the king of demons; hR^iSTaH= thrilled with rapture; kaarayaamaasa= made; laN^kaam= Lanka; pataaka dhvaja maaliniim= garlanded with flags and banners; praaghoSayata= and caused a proclamation; (to be made in Lanka); announcing that; raaghavaH= Rama; lakSmaNashcha= and Lakshmana; hatau= had been slain; raNe= in battle; indrajitaa= by Indrajit.
Ravana the king of demons, thrilled with rapture, caused Lanka to be garlanded with flags and banners and arranged a proclamation to be made in Lanka announcing that Rama and Lakshmana had been slain by Indrajit in battle.
vim˜nena api sŸt˜ tu gatv˜ trija÷ay˜ saha |
dadarþa v˜nar˜õ˜m tu sarvam sinyam nip˜titam || 6-47-17
17. siitaa= Seetha; trijaTayaa saha= along with Trijata; gatvaa= went; vimaanena= by that plane; dadarsha= and saw; sarvam= all; vaanaraaNaam sainyam= the monkey-troops; nipaatitam= who had been slain.
Seetha along with Trijata, transported by that plane, saw all the monkey-troops who had been slain.
prah®ÿ÷a manasaþ ca api dadarþa piþita aþan˜n |
v˜nar˜mþ ca api duhkha ˜rt˜n r˜ma lakÿmaõa p˜rþvata× || 6-47-18
18. dadarsha= (Seetha) saw; pishitaashanaan= the demons; prahR^iSTamanasaH= who were delighted at heart; vaanaraamshcha= and monkeys; atiduHkhaartaan= who were disturbed with immense grief; raamalakSmaNa paarshvataH= by the side of Rama and Lakshmana.
Seetha saw the demons who were delighted at heart and monkeys disturbed with grief, standing round Rama and Lakshmana.
tata× sŸt˜ dadarþa ubhau þay˜nau þata talpayo× |
lakÿmaõam caiva r˜mam ca visamjnau þara pŸýitau || 6-47-19
vidhvasta kavacau vŸrau vipraviddha þara ˜sanau |
s˜yakaiþ cinna sarva angau þara stambhamayau kÿitau || 6-47-20
19, 20 tataH= then; siitaa= Seetha; dadarsha= beheld; ubhau viirau= those two warriors; raamam cha= Rama; lakSmaNamchaiva= and Lakshmana; shayanau= lying; shara piiDitau= pierced with arrows; visamjJNau= unconscious; shara piiDitau= riddled with weapons; vidhvasta kavachau= their armour shattered; vipraviddha sharaasanau= their bows thrown at a distance; chhinna sarvaaN^gau= their entire body transfixed; saayakaiH= by darts; sharastambamayau= on a bed of arrows; kSitau= on the ground.
Then, Seetha beheld those two warriors Rama and Lakshmana lying unconscious on the ground on a bed of arrows, their limbs pierced with arrows, riddled with weapons, their armour shattered, their bows cast aside at a distance and their entire body transfixed by darts.
tau d®ÿ÷v˜ bhr˜tarau tatra pravŸrau puruÿa ®ÿabhau |
þay˜nau puõýarŸk˜kÿau kum˜r˜viva p˜vakŸ || 6-47-21
þaratalpagatau vŸrau tath˜bh¨tau nararÿabhau |
duhkha ˜rt˜ subh®þam sŸt˜ karuõam vilal˜pa ha || 6-47-22
21, 22. dR^iSTvaa= on seeing; tau bhraatarau= those two brothers; praviirau= who were filled with valour; puNDariikaakSau= having lotus-eyes; puruSarSabhau= the excellent of men; shayanau sharatalpagatau= lying stretched on a bed of arrows; tatra= there; tathaa bhuutau= in that wretched plight; kumaaraaviva= like the two sons; paavakii= of the fire-god (shakha and Vishakha) (lying on a bed of reeds); siitaa= Seetha; vilalaapaha= wailed; karuNam= piteously; subhR^isham duHkhartaa= stricken with a great agony.
On seeing those two brothers, who were filled with valour, having lotus-eyes, the excellent of men, lying streteched on a bed of arrows there in that wretched plight like the two sons of the fire-god (Shkha and Vishakha) lying on a bed of reeds, Seetha wailed piteously, stricken as she was with a great agony.
bhart˜ramanavady˜ðgŸ lakÿmaõam c˜sitekÿaõ˜ |
prekÿya p˜msuÿu ceÿ÷antau ruroda janak˜tmaj˜ || 6-47-23
23. asitekSaNaa= the dark-eyed; janakaatmajaa= Seetha the daughter of Janaka; anavadyaaNgii= with faultless limbs; prekSya= beholding; bharataaram= her lord; lakSmaNam cha= and Lakshmana; cheSTantau= lying paamsuSu= in the dust; ruroda= burst into sobs.
The dark-eyed Seetha the daughter of Janaka with her faultless limbs, beholding her lord and Lakshmana lying in the dust, burst into sobs.
s˜ b˜ÿpa þoka abhihat˜ samŸkÿya |
tau bhr˜tarau deva sama prabh˜vau |
vitarkayantŸ nidhanam tayoh s˜ |
duhkha anvit˜ v˜kyam idam jag˜da || 6-47-24
24. samiikSya= witnessing; tau bhraatarau= those brothers; devasuta prabhaavau= the prominent sons of god; saa= that Seetha; sabaaSpa shokaabhihataa= struck by grief with tears; vitarkayantii= believing; tayoH= their; nidhanam= death; jagaada= spoke; idam= these; vaakyam= words; duHkhaanvitaa= possessed with grief.
Witnessing those brothers, the prominent sons of god, Seetha afflicted with tearful sorrow, believing their death, spoke with grief the following words.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye yuddhak˜õýe saptacatv˜rimþa× sarga×
Thus completes 47th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© August 2005, K. M. K. Murthy