Chapter [Sarga] 44


A nocturnal was commences between the hostile demons and monkeys. The demons destroy some monkeys. The monkeys drag and kill elephants, chariots and their occupants. Rama and Lakshmana even in that darkness kill the foremost of demons. As a result of the struggle, streams of blood flow in the battle-field. That fatal night transforms into a night of dissolution. When some demons attack Rama with arrows, Rama strikes down six of the demons within a moment and they run away for life. Rama then clears off innumerable demons from the battle filed. Angada strikes Indrajit, his chariot and the charioteer all at once, but Indrajit vanishes from the spot. Sugreeva and his monkeys feel delighted and praise Angadas prowess. Indrajit comes back in an invisible form and by recourse to magic, makes Rama and Lakshmana captive by hurling a net work of serpentine around them.

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yuXytam! @v te;am! tu tda vanr r]sam!,
rivr AStm! gtae raih v&a a[ hair[I. 6441

1. teSaam= (while) those; vaanara raakSasaam= monkeys and demons; yuddhataameva= were fighting; tadaa= then; raviH= the sun; astamgataH= sank below the horizon; pravR^ittaa= setting in motion; raatriH= a night; praaNa haariNii= of carnage.

While those monkeys and demons were fighting, the sun sank below the horizon, setting in motion a night of carnage.

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ANyaeNym! b vEra[am! "aera[am! jym! #tam!,
sMv&m! inza yum! tda var[ r]sam!. 6442

2. tadaa= then, nishaayuddham= a nocturnal war; sampravR^ittam= commenced; vaanara raakSasaam= between monkeys and demons; baddhavairaanaam= who contracted

Then, a nocturnal was commenced between the terrific monkeys and demons, who contracted hostility with each other, wishing for their victory.

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ra]sae Ais #it hryae hirz c Ais #it ra]sa>,
ANyaeNym! smre jus! tiSmMs! tmis da[e. 6443

3. tasmin= in that; daaruNe= dreadful; tamasi= darkness; haryaH= the monkeys; iti= (thus) saying; raakSasaH asi= you are a demon; raakSasaaH= and the demons; iti= (thus) saying; vaanaraH asi= you are a monkey; jaghnuH= killed; anyonyam= each other; samara= in battle.

You are a demon said the monkeys You are a monkey said the demons and killed at each other in battle; during that dreadful darkness.

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jih dary c @it #it kwm! ivvis #it c,
@vm! sutumulh zaBds! tiSmMs! tmis zaEzve. 6444

4. tasmin sainye= in that army; sutumulaH= a very tumultuous; shabdaH= sound; shushruve= could be hear; evam= thus; jahi= strike!; daaraye= tear asunder!; ehi= come near!; katham vidravasiiti= why are you running away?

Strike! Tear asunder! come near! Why are you running away? very tumultuous sounds like this could be heard in that army.

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kalah kaNcn sahas! tiSmMs! tmis ra]sa>,
sMazyNt zal #Na dI Aae;ix vna#v. 6445

5. raakSasaaH= the demons; kaalaaH= black in colour; kaaNchana samnaahaaH= wearing golden mails; sampradR^ishyanta= were being seen; tasmin tamasi= in that darkness; shailendraaH iva= as mountains; diiptauSadhi vanaaH= having groves of medicinal plants emitting their light.

The black demons in that darkness, wearing golden mails, were appearing as mountains with groves of medicinal plants emitting their light.

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tiSmMs! tmis :pare ra]sah aex mUicRta>,
pirpetur mha vega -]yNth Plvm! gman!. 6446

6. tasmin tamasi= in that darkness; duSpaare= which was difficult to be overcome; raakSasaaH= the demons; krodhamuurchhitaaH= agitated with anger; bhakSayantaH= destroying; plavaN^gamaan= the monkeys; paripetuH= attacked; mahaavegaaH= with great speed.

In that darkness, which was difficult to be overcome, the demons agitated as they were with anger, attacked with great speed, duly destroying the monkeys.

Verse Locator

te hyan! kaNcn AapIfn! XvjaMz c Ai zEoa %pman!,
AaPluTy dzanEs! tI[Er -Im kaepa Vydaryn!. 6447
vanra bilnae yue=]ae-yn! ra]sI cmUm!,

7. te vaanaraah balinaH= those strong monkeys; bhiima kopaaH= with terrific rage; aaplutya= leapt; vyadaarayan= and tore asunder; dashanaiH tiikSNaiH= by their sharp teeth; hayaan= the steeds; kaaN^chanaapiiDaan= with gold ornaments on their head; dhvajaamshcha= the banners; ashiiviSobhayan= and frightened; raakSasiim= the demoniacal; chamnum= army.

Those strong monkeys with a terrific rage leapt forward and tore asunder by their sharp teeth, the steeds with gold ornaments on their head, the serpentine banners and frightened the demoniac army.

Verse Locator

kNjran! kNjr Aaraehan! ptaka Xvijnae rwan!. 6448
ck;uRz c ddMzaEz c dzanEh aex mUicRta>,

8. krodha muurchhitaa= agitated with anger; (the monkeys); chakarSuH= dragged; kuNjaraan= the elephants; kuNjaraarohaan= and those mounted on the elephants; rathaan= and the chariots; pataakaadhvajinaH= provided with banners and flag-staffs; dadamshcha= breaking them to pieces; dashanaiH= with their teeth.

Agitated with anger, the monkeys dragged the elephants and those mounted on them and also the chariots with their banners and flag-staffs duly breaking them to pieces with their teeth.

Verse Locator

lm[z c Aip ramz c zarEr AazE iv; %mpE>. 6449
zy Azyain r]aiMs vrai[ injtu>,

9. raamashcha= Rama; lakSmaNashchaapi= and Lakshman; nijaghnatuH= killed; pravaraaNi= the foremost; rakSaamsi= of the demons; dR^ishyaadR^ishyaani= both those who were visible and those who were invisible; sharaiH= with their arrows; aashiiviSapamaiH= resembling venomous snakes.

Rama and Lakshmana killed the foremost of the demons, both those who were visible and those who were invisible, with their arrows resembling venomous snakes.

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turMg our ivXvStm! rw neim smutm!. 64410
raex k[R neai[{yuXytam! xr[I rj>,

10. dharaNiirajaH= the dust; turaNgakhura vidhvastam= rising from the hooves of the horses; rathanemi samutthitam= and the wheels of the chariots; rurodha= blocked; karNanetvaaNi= the ears and the eyes; yudhyataam= of the combatants.

The dust rising from the hooves of horses and the wheels of the chariots blocked the ears and the eyes of the combatants.

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vtRmane twa "aere sMame laem h;R[e. 64411
ixr %da mha vega n*s! t suuvu>,

11. ghore= (while) the terrific; saN^graame= battle; lomaharSaNe= causing the hair to bristle; vartamaane= was taking place; mahaaghoraaH= very terrible; nadyaH= rivers; mahaaghoraaH= very terrible; nadyaH= rivers; rudhiroughaaH= with streams of blood; visusrureH= were flowing; tatra= there.

While that terrible battle was taking place, causing the hair to bristle; very terrible rivers with streams of blood were flowing there.

Verse Locator

ttae -erI m&dNganam! p[vanam! c inSvn>. 64412
zaNo ve[u Svn %iNmzrh sMb-Uv Aтt %pm>,

12. tataH= then; sambabhuuva= there arose; adbhutopamaH= a marvelous; niH svanaH= sound; bherii mR^idaN^gaanaam= of kettle drums and tabours; shaN^khanemi svanomishraH= mixed with the sounds of couches and fellies of chariot-wheels; paNavaanaamcha= and drums.

There arose a marvelous sound of kettle drums and tabors, mixed with the sounds of counches, fellies of chariot-wheels and drums.

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hyanam! Stnmananam! ra]sanam! c inSvn>. 64413
za[am! vanra[am! c sMb-Uv Aitda[>,

13. sambabhuuva= there appeared; atra= here; daaruNaH= a terrific; niH svanaH= sound; stanamaananaam= resonated; hayaanaam= by horses; raakSasaanaamcha= demons; vaanaraaNamcha= and monkeys; shastaanaam= being wounded.

There appeared a terrific sound resonated by horses, demons and monkeys being wounded.

Verse Locator

htEvaRnrmuOye zizUlprxE>. 64414
inhtE> pvRtakarE ra]sE> kamipi->,
z pu:p %phara c t AasId yu meidnI. 64415
JneRya inRveza c zi[t Aav kdRma,

14, 15. hataiH= the assassinated; vaanara mukhyaishcha= great monkeys; shaktishuulaparashvadhaiH= spears, maces, axes; nihataiH= and the slaughtered; raakSasaiH= demons; kaamaruupibhiH= who were able to change their form at will; parvataakaaraiH= with their bodies appearing like mountains; tatra= there; (lying) yuddhamedinii= on the battle field; shastra puSpopahaaraa= those weapons appeared to be offered up as a profusion of flowers (by the earth); aasiit= which became; durjJNeyaa= hidden; durniveshaacha= and rendered impassable; shoNitaa sraava kardamaa= by the slime formed out of streams of blood.

The assassinated great monkeys, spears, maces, axes and the slaughtered demons, who were able to change their form at will and with their bodies appearing like mountains were lying there on the battle-field. And those weapons appeared to be offered up as a profusion of flowers by the earth, which became hidden and rendered impassable by the slime formed out of streams of blood.

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sa b-Uv inza "aera hir ra]s hair[I. 64416
kal raI #v -Utanam! sveR;am! ritma,

16. saa ghoraa nishaa= that fatal night; babhuuva= became; hari raakSasa naashinii= as calamitous to the monkeys and demons; kaala raatriiva= as a night of dissolution; duratikramaa= which is difficult to be overcome; sarveSaam= by all; bhuutaanaam= beings.

That fatal night became as calamitous to the monkeys and demons, as a night of dissolution, which is difficult to be overcome by all beings.

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tts! te ra]sas! t tiSmMs! tmis da[e. 64417
ramm! @v A_yxavNt sMa zar v&ii->,

17. tataH= then; tatra= there; tasmin tamas= in that darkness; parama daaruNe= the very terrible; te raakSasaaH= those demons; samhR^iSTaaH= thrilling with rapture; abhyavartanta= attacked; raamamena= Rama; shara vR^iSTibhiH= with showers of arrows.

In that very terrible darkness, those demons thrilling with rapture attacked Rama with showers of arrows.

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te;am! Aapttam! zaBdh anam! Ai-gjRtam!. 64418
%tR#v sanam! smua[am! A-Ut! Svn>,

18. garjataam= yelling; kruddhaanaam= in fury; shabdaH= the sound; teSaam= of those demons; aapatataam= approaching in order to attack (Rama); abhuut= became; svanaH iva= like the noise; samudraaNaam= of the oceans; udvarte= at the time of destruction; sattvaanaam= of all the creatures.

Yelling in fury, the sound of those demons approaching in order to assault Rama was like the noise of the oceans at the time of destruction of all the creatures.

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te;am! ramh zarEh ;fi-h ;f j"an inza cran!. 64419
inme; ANtr mae[ zEtEr Ai zEo %pmE>,

19. nimeSaantara maatreNa= within a twinkling of an eye; raamaH= Rama; shaDbhiH= with six; shitaiH= sharp; sharaiH= arrows; agnishikhopamaiH= resembling tongues of flame; jaghaana= struck down; shad= six; teSaam= of those; nishaacharaan= demons.

Within a twinkling of an eye, Rama with six sharp arrows resembling tongues of flame, struck down six of those demons.

Verse Locator

yJn zauz c xR;aeR mha pazRv mha %draE. 64420
v dM+ae mha kays! taE c %-aE zaEk sar[aE,
te tu rame[ ba[ Aae"h svR mmRsu taifta>. 64421
yuad Aps&tas! t savz; Aayu;ae A-vn!,

20, 21. durdharSaH= the unconquerable; yajJNashatrushcha= Yagnashatru; mahaapaarshva mahodarau= Maha parshva, Mahodara; mahaa kaayaH= gaint bodied; vajra damSTraH= Vajradamshtra; tau= those; ubhau= two; shuka saaraNau= shuka and Sarana; te= those six; taaDitaaH= being beaten; raameNa= by Rama; sarva marmasu= on all their vital organs; baaNaughaiH= by a flood of arrows; apasR^itaaH= retreated; yuddhaat= from the battle; abhavan= and became; saava sheSaayuSaH= the ones left with the remainder of their life.

The unconquerable Yagnashatru, Mahaparashva, Mahodara, the giant bodied Vajradamshtra, both Shuka and Sarana all those six having been beaten by Rama on their vital organs with a flood of his arrows, retreated from the battle and somehow survived for the rest of their life.

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tt> kaNcn ic ANgEh zarEr Ai zEo %pmE>,
idzaz ckar ivmlah idzaz c mha bl>. 64422

22. mahaarathaH= Rama, the great warrior; nimeSantara maatreNa= merely within an instant; ghoraiH= by terrible; agnishikhopamaiH= arrows resembling flames of fire; chakaara= made; dishaSa= the quarters; vidishaashcha= and the intermediate quarters; vimalaaH= clear (of all the demons).

Rama the great warrior, merely within an instant, made the quarters and the intermediate quarters, clear of all the demons, by his arrows resembling flames of fire.

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ye TvNye ra]sa vIra ramSy Ai-muoe iSwta>. 64423
te Aip nah smasa* ptMga#v pavkm!,

23. anye= the other; viiraaH= valiant; raakSasaaH= demons; ye= who; sthitaaH= were standing; abhimukhe= turning their face towards; raamasya= Rama; te.api= they also; naSTaaH= perished; pataN^gaaH iva= like moths; aasaadya= having encountered; paavakam= (that) fire.

The other valiant demons, who were standing with their face turning towards Rama, also perished like moths, having encountered the same fire.

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suv[R puNoEr ivzEoEh sMptih shza>. 64424
b-Uv rjnI ica o *aetEr #v zardI,

24. rajanii= (that) night; suvarNa puNkhaiH= with the golden shafts; vishikaiH= of arrows; sampatadbhiH= falling; samantataH= on all sides; bahuuva= appeared; chitraa= bright-coloured; shaaradiiva= like an autumnal night; khadyotaiH= with its fire flies.

That night, with the golden shafts of arrows, flying on all sides, appeared bright-coloured, like an autumnal night with its fire-flies on all sides.

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ra]sanam! c inndEr hrI[am! c Aip gijRtE>. 64425
sa b-Uv inza "aera -Uyae "aertra tda,

25. saa ghoraa nishaa= that terrible night; tadaa= then; babhuuva= became; ghora taraa= more terrible; bhuuyaH= again; niH svanaiH cha= by the sounds; bheriiNaam= of kettle-drums; ninadaiH= and by the roaring; raakSasaanaam= of the demons.

The terrible night on that day became more terrible again by the sound of kettle-drums and by the roaring sounds of the demons.

Verse Locator

ten zaBden mhta v&en smNtt>. 64426
ikqh kNdr AakI[Rh Vyahrd #v Acl>,

26. tena mahataa= shabdena= by that great sound; pravR^iddhena= which augmented; samantataH= on all sides; trikuuTaH achalah= the mountain Trikuta; kandaraatiirNaH= full of caves; pravyaharadiva= appeared to be uttering confused murmurs.

By that great sound, which re-echoed on all sides, the mountain Trikuta, full of caves, appeared to be uttering confused murmurs.

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gae laNgUla mha kayas! tmsa tuLy vcRs>. 64427
sMpir:vJy ba_yam! -]yn! rjnI cran!,

27. golaaN^guulaaH= long-tailed and balck-faced monkeys; mahaa kaayaaH= with their gigantic bodes; tamasaa tulya= and dark-like; varchasaH= figure; sampariSvajya= grasped; rajanii charaan= the demons; baabhubhyaam= with their arms; bhakSayan= and allowed them to be devoured (by jackals, vultures etc).

Long-tailed and black faced monkeys with their gigantic bodies and dark-like figure, crushed the demons with their arms and allowed them to be eaten (by jackals, vultures etc).

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ANgds! tu r[e zaum! inhNtum! smupiSwt>. 64428
rav[er inj"an AazaE sariwm! c hyan! Aip,

28. angadastu= Angada on his part; samupasthitaH= who came; nihantum= to annihilate; shatruun= the enemies; raNe= in the battle-field; nijaghaana= struck; raavaNim= Indrajit; saarathimcha= his charioteer; hayaanapi= and the horses; aashu= all at once.

Angada on his part, who came to annihilate the enemies in that battle-field, struck Indrajit, his charioteer and the horses all at once.

Verse Locator

vtRmane tda "aere sMame -&zda[e. 64429
#Nijt! tu rwm! Tyva ht Azvae ht sariw>,
ANgden mha mays! t @v ANtr AxIyt. 64430

29, 30. ghore= (While) that awful; bhR^isha daaruNe= and very intense; samgraame= battle; vartamaane= was continuing; indrajittu= Indrajit; mahaamaayaH= a great trickster; yaktvaa= leaving; ratham= the chariot; hataashvaH= with its horses killed; hatasaarathiH= and charioteer killed; aNgadena= by Angada; antaradhiiyata= vanished; tatvaiva= from that very spot.

While that awful and very intense battle was going on, Indrajit a great trickster, leaving the chariot, with its horses and charioteer killed by Angada, vanished from that very spot itself.

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tTkmR vailpuSy sveR deva> shi;Ri->,
tuuvu> pUjnahRSy taE cae-aE ramlm[aE. 64431

31. sarve= all; devaaH= the celestials; ubhau= and both; raamalakSmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana; sharSibhiH= together with all the sages; tuSTuvuH= were pleased; tat karma= with that act; puujanaarhasya= of the venerable; vaaliputrasya= Angada the son of wind-god.

All the celestials, both Rama and Lakshmana together with all sages were pleased with that act of the venerable Angada the son of Vali.

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-av< svR-Utain ivirNijtae yuix,
ttSten mhaTmanm! va tua> xi;Rtm!. 64432

32. sarva bhuutaani= all the living beings; viduH= knew; prabhaavam= the supernatural power; indrajitaH= of Indrajit; yudhi= in battle; tataH= for that reason; tuSTaaH= (they) were pleased; dR^iSTvaa= on seeing; mahaatmaanam= that highly gifted demon; pradharSitam= being defeated; tena= by him.

Since all the living beings knew the supernatural powers of Indrajit in battle, they were pleased on seeing that highly gifted demon being defeated by Angada.

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tt> a> kpy> ssuIviv-I;[a>,
saxusaiXvit ne va zum! praijtm!. 64433

33. dR^iSTvaa= seeing; shatrum= the enemy; parajitam= defeated; kapayaH= those monkeys; sa sugriiva vibhiiSaNaaH= along with Sugreeva and Vibhishana; tataH= then; prahR^iSTaaH= were delighted; nedushcha= and praised him; saadhviti= as good.

Seeing the enemy defeated, those monkeys along with Sugreeva and Vibhishana were delighted and praised Angada as an efficient warrior.

Verse Locator

#Niju tdanen inijRtae -ImkmR[a,
s<yuge vailpue[ aex< ce suda[m!. 64434

34. indrajittu= Indrajit on the other hand; tadaa= then; chakre= was driven; sudaaruNam drodham= to very terrible anger; nirjitaH= as he was defeated; samyuge= in battle; anana vaaliputreNa= by this Angada the son of wind-god; bhiimakarmaNaa= a dreadful monkey.

Indrajit, on the other hand, then was driven to a very terrible rage, as he was defeated in battle by Angada the son of Vali a dreadful monkey.

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sae ANtxaRn gth papae rav[I r[ kkRza>,
d vrae vIrae ravi[h aex mUicRt>. 64435

35. saH raavaNiH= that Indrajit the son of Ravana; saH antardhaana gataH= who had gone out of sight; paapaH= the sinful one; raNakkarkashaH= cruel in battle; adR^ishyaH= rendered himself as invisible; mumocha= and hurled forth; nisitaan= sharp; baaNaan= arrows; ashani varchasaH= bright as lightning.

That Indrajit the son of Ravana, the sinful demon who had gone out of sight and was cruel in battle, rendered himself as invisible again and hurled forth sharp arrows, bright as lightning.

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ram< c lm[m! cEv "aerEnaRgmyE> zrE>,
ib-ed smre > svRgae;u ra"vaE. 64436

36. kruddhaH= being enraged; samara= in battle, (Indrajit); bidheda= burted out; sharaiH= arrows; ghoraiH= which were terrific; naaga mayaiH= in the form of serpants; sarva gaatreSu= into all the limbs; raamam cha= of Rama; lakSmaNam chaiva= and Lakshmana; raaghavau= born in Raghu dynasty.

Being enraged in battle, Indrajit bursted out serpent-like terrible arrows into all the limbs of Rama and Lakshmana who were born in Raghu dynasty.

Verse Locator

mayya s<v&tSt maehyn! ra"vaE yuix,
Azyae inzEtan! ba[an! mumaec Azain vcRs>. 64437
bbNx zrbNxen atraE ramlm[aE,

37. samvR^itaH= enveloped; maayayaa= by illusion; mohayan= he sought to confuse; raaghavau= Rama and Lakshmana; yudhi= in the struggle; tatra= their; adR^ishya= and invisible; sarva bhuutaanaam= to all beings; kuuTa yodhii= through his magic arts; nishaacharaH= Indrajit the ranger of the night; babandha= bound; bhraatarau= those two brothers; raama lakSmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana; shara bandhena= with a net work of arrows.

Enveloped by illusion, he sought to confuse Rama and Lakshmana in the struggle there and invisible to all beings through his magic arts, Indrajit the ranger of the night bound those two brothers Rama and Lakshmana with a net work of arrows.

Verse Locator

ten raE pu;VyaaE enazIiv;E> zrE>. 64438
shsai-htaE vIraE tda E]Nt vanra>,

38. tadaa= then; vaanaraaH= the monkeys; praikSanta= saw; viirau= the two warriors; tau= those; puruSa vyaaghrau= lions among men; abhi hatau= tormented; sahasaa= quickly; aashiiviSaiH= by the serpentine; shariaiH= arrows; tena kR^iddhena= of that enraged demon.

Then, the monkeys saw the two warriors, those lions among men, being wounded quickly by the serpentine arrows of that enraged demons.

Verse Locator

kazpStu tda n z,
StaE baixtu< ra]srajpu>,
maya< yae< smupajgam,
bbNx taE rajsutaE raTma. 64439

39. na shaktaH= not being able; baadhitum= to torment; tau= those two princes; prakaasharuupaH= in his manifest form; raakSasaraaja putraH= the son of the king of demons; tadaa= then; samupaajagaama= came; duraatmaa= with his perverse mind; prayoktum= and had recourse; maayaam= to magic; raajasutau babandha= in order to make the princes captive.

Not being able to hurt those two princes in his manifest form, Indrajit the son of the king of demons with his perverse mind, had recourse to magic in order to make them captive.


#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye yuka{fe ctuTvair<z> sgR

Thus completes 44th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Verse Locator for Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 44


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Sarga 44 in English Prose


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May 2005, K. M. K. Murthy