Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
With the sound of kettle drums and couches, Rama arrives to Lanka with his army. Ravana hears those sounds and calls his ministers to chalk out his further course of action. Malyavan, Ravana's maternal grandfather advises Ravana to conclude peace with Rama and restore Seetha to him as he is perceiving adverse omens.
tena þankha vimiþreõa bherŸ þabdena r˜ghava× |
upayato mah˜ b˜h¨ r˜mah para puram jaya× || 6-35-1
1. raamaH= Rama; mahaa baahuH= the mighty-armed; parapuranjayaH= conqueror of oppnents cities; upayaati= was sallied forth; tena= there; naadinaa= with a resonant; bheriishabdena= roll of kattle drums; shaN^kha vimishreNa= mingled with the blast of couches.
The mighty armed Rama, the conqueror of hostile cities sallied forth with the resonant roll of kettle drums, mingled with the blast of couches.
tam nin˜dam niþamya atha r˜vaõo r˜kÿasa Ÿþvara× |
muh¨rtam dhy˜nam ˜sth˜ya saciv˜n abhyudaikÿata ||6-35-2
2. nishamya= hearing; atha= thereafter; tam= that; ninaadam= sound; raavaNaH= Ravana; raakSaseshvaraH= the lord of demons; aasthaaya= resorting to dhyaanam= meditation; muhuurtam= for a moment; abhyudaikSata= looked towards; sachivaan= his ministers.
Hearing that sound, Ravana the Lord of demons, paused for a moment to reflect and looked towards his ministers.
atha t˜n saciv˜ms tatra sarv˜n ˜bh˜ÿya r˜vaõa× |
sabh˜m samn˜dayan sarv˜m ity uv˜ca mah˜ bala× || 6-35-3
jagatpamt˜pana× kr¨rogarhayan r˜kÿaseþvara× |
3. atha= then; raavaNaH= Ravan; mahaabalaH= of great strength; jagat samtaapanaH= the tormentor of the world; kruuraH= a cruel demon; raakSaseshvaraH= and the lord of demons; tatra= these; aabhaaSya= addressed; sarvaam= the entire; sabhaam= hall; uvaacha= spoke; iti= as follows; agarhayan= accusing none.
Ravana of great strength the tormentor of the world, and a cruel lord of demons then addressed all his ministers in a voice that resounded the entire hall as follows, accusing none.
taraõam s˜garasya api vikramam bala samcayam || 6-35-4
yad uktavanto r˜masya bhavantas tan may˜ þrutam |
4. shrutam= It was heard; mayaa= by me; tat= that; yat= which; uktavantaH= was told; bhavantaH= by you; raamasya= of Rama's; taraNam= crossing; asya saagarasya= of this ocean; vikramam= his prowess; balapauruSam= strength and heroism.
"I have heard what you told me about Rama's crossing the ocean, his prowess, strength and heroism."
bhavataþc˜pyaham vedmi yuddhe satyapar˜kram˜n || 6-35-5
t¨ÿõŸk˜nŸkÿatonyonyam viditv˜m r˜mavikramam |
5. aham= I; vedmi= know; satya paraakramaan= you are truly brave; yuddhe= in the field of battle; viditvaa= yet on being aware; raamavikramam= of that valour of Rama; bhavatashchaapi= you too; iikSataH= look; anyonyam= on each other; tuuSNiikaan= in silence.
"I know that you are truly brave in the battle-field, yet, on beholding that valiant Rama, you too look on each other in silence."
tatas tu sumah˜ pr˜jno m˜lyav˜n n˜ma r˜kÿasa× || 6-35-6
r˜vaõasya vaca× þrutv˜ m˜tu× pait˜maho abravŸt |
6. shrutvaa= hearing; vachaH= the words; raavaNasya= of Ravana; raakSasaH= a demon; maalyavaan naama= called Malyavan; maataamahaH= his maternal grandfather; sumahaapraajJNaH= the highly intelligent; tataH= then; abraviit= answered; iti= as follows:
Hearing those word of Ravana whose maternal grandfather he was, the highly intelligent demon called Malyavan, answered him thus:
vidy˜svabhivinŸto yo r˜j˜ r˜jan naya anuga× || 6-35-7
sa þ˜sti ciram aiþvaryam arŸmþca kurute vaþe |
7. raajam= O, king! saH= He; yaH= who; abhiviniitaH= is well trained; vidyaasu= in (fourteen) sciences; nayaanugaH= and follows the path prudence; shaasti= enjoys; aishvaryam= sovereignty; chiram= for a long time; kurute= compels; ariimshcha= his enemies too; vashe= into sbujugation.
"O, king! He who is well-versed in (fourteen)* sciences and follows the path of prudence, enjoys sovereignty for a long time and compels his enemies too into subjugation."
Four Vedas, six Vedaangas, the Puranas, the Mimamsa, Nyaya and Dharma together constitute fourteen sciences.
samdadh˜no hi k˜lena vig®hõams× c˜ribhi× saha || 6-35-8
sva pakÿa vardhanam kurvan mahad aiþvaryam aþnute ||
8. (He who); samdadhaanaH= his indded concludes peace; aribhiH saha= even with enemies; vigR^ihNancha= or wages war; kaalena= at a fitting tiem; kurvan vardhanam= strengthens svapakSe= his own party; ashnute= and attains; mahat= a great; aishvaryam= power.
"He who concludes peace even with enemies or wages war at a fitting time strengthens his own party and attains a great power."
hŸyam˜nena kartavyo r˜jn˜ samdhi× samena ca || 6-35-9
na þatrum avamanyeta jy˜y˜n kurvŸta vigraham |
9. samdhiH= A treaty of peace; kartavyaH= should be reached; raajN^aaH= by a king; hiiyamaanena= who is weaker; samena cha= or equal; na avamanyeta= He should not under rate; shatrum= that enemy; jyaayaan= (A king who is) stronger; kurrviita= should make; vigraham= war.
"A treaty of peace should be reached by a king who is weaker or equal to an enemy. The king should never underrate that enemy. If the king is more powerful, he should make war on the enemy."
tanmahyam rocate samdhi× saha r˜meõa r˜vaõa || 6-35-10
yad artham abhiyukt˜× sma sŸt˜ tasmai pradŸyat˜m |
10. raavaNa= O, Ravana!; tat= for that reason; samdhiH= alliance; raameNa saha= with Rama; rochate= finds favour; mahyam= with me; siitaa= (let) Seetha; yadartham= for whose sake; abhiyuktaH asi= you have been attacked by him; pradiiyataam= be restored; tasmai= to him.
"O, Ravana! For that reason, alliance with Rama finds favour with me. Let Seetha, for whose sake you are being attacked, be restored to him."
tasya deva ®ÿaya× sarve gandharv˜s× ca jaya eÿiõa× || 6-35-11
virodham m˜ gamas tena samdhis te tena rocat˜m |
11. sarve= all; devarSayaH= the celestials, sages; gandharvaashcha= and Gandharvas the celestial musicians; jayaiSiNaH= wish for victory; tasya= of that Rama; maagamaH- do not get; virodham- enmity; tena= with them; samdhiH= (Let) alliance; tena= with him; rochataam= be agreable; te= to you.
"All the celestials, sages and Gandharvas the celestial musicians are wishing for victory of Rama. Do not get an enmity with them. Let alliance with him be acceptable to you."
as®jad bhagav˜n pakÿau dv˜v eva hi pit˜maha× || 6-35-12
sur˜õ˜m asur˜õ˜m ca dharma adharmau tad ˜þrayau |
12. pitaamahaH= Brahma; bhagavaan= the Lord (of creation); aasR^ijat= created; dvau eva= only two pakSau= classes of beings; suraaNaamcha= the celestials; asuraaNaamcha= and the demons; dharmaadharmau= righteousness and unrighteousness; tadaashrayau= take refuge in them respectively.
"Brahma, the lord of creation, created only two classes of beings, the celestials and the demons. Celestials take refuge in righteousness and demons in unrighteousness."
dharmo hi þr¨yate pakÿa× sur˜õ˜m ca mah˜tman˜m || 6-35-13
adharmo rakÿas˜m pakÿohya asur˜õ˜m ca r˜vaõa |
13. raakSasa= O, Ravana!; dharmaH= righteousness; shruuyate= is said to be; pakSaH= on the side; mahaatmaanaam= of the hight-souled; asuraaNaam= celestials; adharmaH hi= unrighteiousness is indeed; pakSaH= on the side; rakSasaam= of ogres; asuraaNaam cha= and demons.
"O, Ravana! Righteous is said to be on the side of the high-souled celestials. Unrighteousness is indeed on the side of ogres and demons."
dharmo vai grasate adharmam tata× k®tam abh¨d yugam || 6-35-14
adharmo grasate dharmam tatas tiÿya× pravartate |
14. yadaa= when; dharmaH= rightoeusness; grastae= swallows; adharmam- unrighteousness; abhuut= it becomes; kR^itam yugam= Kruta Yuga a golden age; adharmaH= (when) unrigheousness; grasate\ swallows; dharmam= righteousness; tadaa= then; pravartate= it stimulates; tiSyaH= Kali Yuga the fourth age.
"When righteousness swallows unrighteousness, it becomes kR^ita Yuga, a golden age. When unrighteousness swallows righteousness, it incites Kali Yuga the fourth age."
tat tvay˜ carat˜ lok˜n dharmo vinihato mah˜n || 6-35-15
adharma× prag®hŸtas× ca tena asmad balina× pare |
15. tat= therefore; charataa= who were wandering; lokaan= in the worlds; tvayaa= by you; mahaan= great; dharmo.api= righteousness even; nihataH= was destroyed; adharmaH= (and) unrighteousness; pragR^ihiitashcha= was favoured too; tena= for that reason; pare= the enemies; balinaH= are stronger; asmat= than us.
"Therefore, while you were wandering in the worlds, even the great righteousness was destroyed and unrighteousness favoured by you. So, the enemies are stronger than us."
sa pram˜d˜d viv®ddhas te adharmo ahir grasate hi na× || 6-35-16
vivardhayati pakÿam ca sur˜õ˜m sura bh˜vana× |
16. pramaadaat= due to negligence; te= of you; saH= that; pravR^iddhaH= well-grown; adharmaH= unrighteousness; grahate hi= is indded swallowing; naH= us; sura bhaavanaH= being favourable to demons; pakSam= the sect; suraaNaam= of demons; vivardhayati cha= is getting augmented.
"Due to your negligence, that well nourished unrighteousness is swallowing us. Being favourable to demons, the sect of demons is thereby getting augmented."
viÿayeÿu prasaktena yat kimcit k˜riõ˜ tvay˜ || 6-35-17
rÿŸõ˜m agni kalp˜n˜m udvego janito mah˜n |
17. mahaan= A great; udvegaH= fear; janitaH= has been generated; R^iSiNaam= in the sages; agnikalpaanaam= having the nature of fire; prasaktena= who are interested; viSayeSu= in sensual enjoyments; yatkinchitkaariNaa= doing whatever you like.
"You, who are interested in sensual enjoyments, doing whatever you like, have created a great alarm in the sages, having the nature of fire."
teÿ˜m prabh˜vo durdharÿa× pradŸptaiva p˜vaka× || 6-35-18
tapas˜ bh˜vita ˜tm˜no dharmasya anugrahe rat˜× |
mukhyair yajnair yajanty ete nityam tais tair dvij˜taya× || 6-35-19
juhvaty agnŸms× ca vidhivad ved˜ms× ca uccair adhŸyate |
abhibh¨ya ca rakÿ˜msi brahma ghoÿ˜n udairayan || 6-35-20
diþo vipradrut˜× sarve stanayitnur iva uÿõage |
18, 19, 20. prabhaavah= the power; teSaam= of those sages; durdarSah= is insurmountable; pradiiptaH iva= like an igniting; paavakaH= fire; bhaavitaatmaanaH= their minds purified; tapasaa= by penance; rataaH= interested; anugrahe= in promotion; dharmasya= of righteousness; ete= these; dvijaayataH= Brahmanas; yat= for which reason; yajanti= they worship the gods; taistaiH= throught different; mukhyaiH= principal; yaN^aiH= sacrifices; juhvati= pour oblations; agniimshcha= into sacrificial fires; vidhivat= in due ceremonies; adhiiyate= and read; vedaan= the Vedas (sacred texts); uchchaiH= in a loud voice; abhibhuuya= and having subdued; rakSaamsi= the demons; udairayan= they continued to chant; brahmaghoSaan= the sacred texts; (on hearing which); sarve= all demons; vipradrutaaH= scattered; dishaH= in all directions; stanayitnuH= as thundering clouds; uSNage= in a hot season.nt; brahmaghoSaan= the sacred texts; (on hearing which); sarve= all demons; ipradrutaaH= scattered; dishaH= in all directions; stanayitnuH= as thundering clouds; uSNage= in a hot season.
"The power of those sages is insurmountable like an igniting fire. Having purified their minds through penance, they are intent on promotion of righteousness, in as much as these Brahamans worship the gods through different principal sacrifices, also pour oblations into the sacred fires with due ceremony and read the Vedas (Sacred texts) in a loud voice. Having subdued the demons, they continued to chant the sacred text, on hearing which all the demons scattered in all directions, as thundering clouds in a hot season."
®ÿŸõ˜m agni kalp˜n˜m agni hotra samutthita× || 6-35-21
˜datte rakÿas˜m tejo dh¨mo vy˜pya diþo daþa |
21. dhuumaH= The smoke; agnihotra samutthitaH= coming forth from the sacred fire; R^iSiiNaam= of the sages; agnikalpaanaam= who resemble the fire ( in brilliance); vyaapya= enveloping; dasha- the ten; dishaH= directions; aadatte= takes away; tejaH= the magical power; rakSasaam= of the demons.
"The smoke coming forth from the sacred fire of the sage who resemble the fire (in brilliance), enveloping the ten directions, takes away the magical power of the demons."
teÿu teÿu ca deþeÿu puõyeÿu ca d®ýha vratai× || 6-35-22
caryam˜õam tapas tŸvram samt˜payati r˜kÿas˜n |
22. tiivram= the severe; tapaH= austerity; charyamaaNaam= practised; puNyeSTyavadhR^ita vrataiH= by the sages, firm of resolve; teSu teSu= in different; desheSu= countries; samtaapayati= torment; raakSasaan= the demons.
"The severe austerity practised by the sages, firm of resolve, in different countries torment the demons."
devad˜navayakÿebho g®hŸtaþca varastvay˜ || 6-35-23
manuÿy˜ v˜nar˜ ®kÿ˜ gol˜ðg¨l˜ mah˜bal˜× |
balavanta ih˜gamya garjanti d®ýhavikram˜× ||6-35-24
23, 24. varaH= a boon, (of invincibility); gR^ihiitaH= was recived; tvayaa= by you; deva daanavayakSebhyaH= from celestials, demons and semi-divine beings; (but these are); manuSyaaH= men; R^ikSaaH= bears; golaaNguulaaaH= and monkeys; balavantaH= who are powerful; dR^iDha vikramaaH= having stron prowess; mahaabalaaH= and very efficacious; aagamya= are coming; iha= hither; garjanti= roaring like lions.
"You received a boon of invincibility from celestials, demons and semi-divine beings, but then are men, bears as well as powerful and very efficacious having strong prowess who are coming hither, roaring like lions."
utp˜t˜n vividh˜n d®ÿ÷v˜ ghor˜n bahu vidh˜ms tath˜ |
vin˜þam anupaþy˜mi sarveÿ˜m rakÿas˜m aham || 6-35-25
25. dR^iSTvaa= by seeing, vividhaan= various kinds; utpaataan= of unexpected events (portents); tathaa= and; bahuvidhaan= many types; ghoraan= of terrible things; aham= I; anupashyaami= am perceiving; vinaasham= destruction; sarveSaam= of all; rakSasaam= the demons.
"By seeing various kinds of unexpected events (portents) and many types of terrific things, I am perceiving a destruction of all the demons."
khar˜bhis tanit˜ ghor˜ megh˜h pratibhayam kara× |
þoõitena abhivarÿanti lank˜m uÿõena sarvata× || 6-35-26
26. ghoraaH= terrific; pratibhayankaraaH= and monstrous; maghaaH= clouds; kharaabhistanitaaH= having harsh thundering sound; abhivarSanti= are raining; uSNena= hot; shoNitena= blood; sarvataH= throughtout; laN^kaan= Lanka.
"With terrifying clamour, monstrous clouds, inspiring horror, rain hot blood on Lanka on every side."
rudat˜m v˜han˜n˜m ca prapatanty asra bindava× |
dhvaj˜ dhvast˜ vivarõ˜s× ca na prabh˜nti yath˜ puram || 6-35-27
27. ashrubindavaH= drops of tears; prapatanti= fall; rudataam= from weeping; vaahanaanaam= elephnts, horses etc., vivarNaaH= which became discoloured; rajodhvastaaH= due to covering by dust; na prabhaanti= and are not shining; yathaapuram= as before.
"Drops of tears drop from the weeping elephants, horses etc., whose skins became discoloured, covered with dust and are not shining as before."
vy˜l˜ gom˜yavo gr idhr˜ v˜þanti ca subhairavam |
praviþya lank˜m aniþam samav˜y˜ms× ca kurvate || 6-35-28
28. vyaalaaH= flesh-eating animals; gomaayavaH= jackals; gR^idhraaH= eagles; vaashyanti= are howling; subhairavam= horribly; pravishya= and entering; laN^kaam= Lanka; kurvate= they are forming; samavaayaan cha= into groups; aaraame= in groves.
"Flesh-eating animals, jackals and eagles and howling horribly. Entering Lanka, they are in the groves, forming into groups."
k˜lik˜× p˜õýurair dantai× prahasanty agrata× sthit˜× |
striya× svapneÿu muÿõantyo g®h˜õi pratibh˜ÿya ca || 6-35-29
29. kaalikaaH= black; striyaH= women; pratibhaaSya= talking adversely; svapneSu= in dreams; muSNantyaH= robbing; gR^ihaaNi= the houses; sthitaaH= stand; agrataH= in front; prahasanti= laughing; paaNDuraiH= with their white; dantaiH= teeth.
"Black women, chattering incoherently in dreams and robbing different houses stand in front, laughing loudly with their white teeth."
g®h˜õ˜m bali karm˜õi þv˜na× paryupabhunjate |
khar˜ goÿu praj˜yante m¨ÿik˜ nakulai× saha || 6-35-30
30. shvaanaH= dogs; paryupabhuN^jate= devour; balikarmaaNi= the sacred offerings; gR^ihaaNi= in homes; kharaaH= donkeys; prajaayante= are born; goSu= of cows; muuSakaaH cha= and rats; nakuleSu= of mongoose.
"Dogs devour the sacred offerings offered in homes. Donkeys are born of cows and rats of mongoose."
m˜rj˜r˜ dvŸpibhi× s˜rdham s¨kar˜× þunakai× saha |
kimnar˜ r˜kÿasais× ca api sameyur m˜nuÿai× saha || 6-35-31
31. maarjaaraaH= cats; sameyuH= mate; dviipibhiH saardham= with tigers; suukaraaH= pigs; shunakaiH saha= with dogs; kimnaraaH= Kinnaras (a species of demi-gods with the human figure and the head of a horse or with a horse's body with the head of a man); raakSasaishchaapi= with demons; maanuSaiH saha= and men.
"Cats mate with tigers, pigs with dogs, Kinnaras (a species of demi-gods with the human figure and the head of a horse or with a horse's body and the head of a man) with demons and men."
p˜õýur˜ rakta p˜d˜s× ca vihag˜× k˜la codit˜× |
r˜kÿas˜n˜m vin˜þ˜ya kapot˜ vicaranti ca || 6-35-32
32. rakta paadaashcha= red-footed and; paaNDuraaH= white; kapotaaH= pigeons; kaala choditaaH= messengers of death; vicharanti= move in different directions; (foretelling); vinaashaaya= the extermination; raakSasaam= of demons.
"Red-footed and white pigeons, messengers of death, move in different directions, foretelling the extermination of demons."
vŸcŸk¨cŸti v˜þantya× þ˜rik˜ veþmasu sthit˜× |
patanti grathit˜s× ca api nirjit˜× kalaha eÿiõa× || 6-35-33
33. veshmasu sthitaaH= Domesticated; shaarikaaH= minas; vaashantya= making; chiichiikuuchi iti= a chirping sound; nirjitaaH- defeated; kalahaiSibhiH= by other bellicose birds; patanti= drop down; gratjotaasjcjaa[o= being twined together in groups.
"Domesticated minas (a kind of birds) making a chirping sound, defeated by other bellicose birds drop down, being twined together in groups."
pakÿiõaþca m®g˜× sarve praty˜dityam rudanti te |
kar˜lo vika÷o muõýa× puruÿa× k®ÿõa pingala× || 6-35-34
k˜lo g®h˜õi sarveÿ˜m k˜le k˜le anvavekÿate |
et˜ny any˜ni duÿ÷˜ni nimitt˜ny utpatanti ca || 6-35-35
34, 35. pakSiNaH= birds; te sarve= and all those; mR^igaaH= wild animals; pratyaadityam= turning towards the sun; rudanti= cryout; kaalaH= death; karaalaH= (in the from of) frightful; vikaTaH= monstrous; paruSaH= and cruel; kR^iSNa priN^galaH= blackish fellow; muNDaH= with a shaven head; anvavekSate= casts his eyes; gR^ihaaNi= on the dwellings; sarveSaaNi= of all of us; kaale kaale= both morning and eening; etaani= these; anyaani= and other; duSTaani nimittaani cha= sinister omens; utpatanti= appear.
"Birds and wild animals, facing towards the sun, cry out. Death, in the form of a frightful, monstrous and cruel blackish fellow with a shaven head casts his eyes on all our dwellings, both morning and evening. These and such other sinister omens appear."
viÿõum many˜mahe r˜mam m˜nuÿam deham ˜sthitam |
na hi m˜nuÿa m˜tro asau r˜ghavo d®ýha vikrama× || 6-35-36
yena baddha× samudrasya sa setu× parama adbhuta× |
kuruÿva nara r˜jena samdhim r˜meõa r˜vaõa || 6-35-37
jñ˜tv˜vadh˜rya karm˜õi kriyat˜m˜yatikÿamam |
36, 37. manyaamahe= I deem; raamam= Rama; dR^iDhavikramaH= of firm fortitude; viSNum= as Vishnu; aasthitam= dwelling; maanuSam= in human; ruupam= form; asau= this; raaghavaH= Rama; na hi= is not indeed; maanuSa maatraH= a mere human being; yena= he by whom; saH= that paramaadbhutaH= most wonderful; setuH= bridge; baddhaH= was built; samudre= across the sea; raavaNa= O, Ravana!; kuruSva= conclude; samdhim= peace; raameNa= with Rama; nara raajena= who is the king of men; jJNaatvaa= having come to know; karmaaNi= of his acts; aayatikSamam= let that which is good for the future; kriyataam= be done; avadhaarya= after a mature understanding.
"I deem Rama of firm fortitude as Vishnu dwelling in human form. This Rama is not a mere human being, he by whom that most wonderful bridge was built across the sea. O, Ravana! Conclude peace with Rama, who is the king of men. Having come to know of his acts, let that which is good for the future be done after a mature understanding."
idam vacas tatra nigadya m˜lyavan |
parŸkÿya rakÿo adhipater mana× puna× |
anuttameÿu uttama pauruÿo balŸ |
babh¨va t¨ÿõŸm samavekÿya r˜vaõam || 6-35-38
nigadya= having spoken; idam vachaH= these words; maalyavaan= Malyavan; balii= the mighty; uttama pauruSaH= who was foremost in valour; anuttameSu= among the bravest warriors; pariikSya= aware of what was passing; rakSadhipate= in Ravana's manaH= mind; punaH= and again; samavekSya= eyeing him; babhuuva= became; tuuSNiim= silent.
Having spoken thus, the mighty Malyavan, who was foremost in valour among the bravest warriors, being aware of what was passing in Ravana's mind, eyeing him, became silent.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye yuddhak˜õýe pañcatrimþa× sarga×
Thus completes 35th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© September 2004, K. M. K. Murthy