Chapter [Sarga] 21

Introduction

The careless ocean did not appear in his personal form to Rama, even when it was requested to do so. Rama becomes angry at the ocean and looses fierce arrows, which cause a terror among the creatures inhabiting the sea.


Verse Locator

tt> sagrvelayam! d-aRnaStIyR ra"v>,
Ailm! a'muo> kTva itizZye mhaedxe>. 6211
bam! -uj-aega-mupxayairsUdn>,

1. tataH= thereafter; raaghavaH= Rama; arisuudanaH= the annihilator of enemies; aastiirya= spreading; darbhaan= sacred grass; saagara velaayaam= on the sea shore; kR^itvaa= making; aN^jalim= a respectful salutation(by joining his palms); ,mahodadhe= to the great ocean; praaN^mukhaH= having his face turned east ward; pratishishye= lied down; baahum= with his arm; bhujaN^gabhogaabham= resembling of the body of the snake; upadhaaya= as his pillow.

Thereafter Rama, the annihilator of enemies, spreading sacred grass on the sea shore, making a respectful salutation (by joining his palms) to the great ocean with his face turned eastward, lied down with his arm, resembling the body of a snake , as his pillow.

Verse Locator

mi[kankeyUrmuavr-U;[E> . 6212
-ujE> prmnarI[ami-m&mnekxa . 6213

2, 3. His arm formerly; maNikaaN^chana keyuura muktaa pravara bhuushhaNaiH= adorned with armlets of gems and gold and the most excellent jewels of pearls; abhimR^ishhTam= touched; anekadhaa= more than once; parama naariiNaam= by excellent women (by Kausalya and other mothers or by royal maids.)

His arm formerly adorned with armlets of gems and gold and the most excellent jewels of pearls, was touched more than once, by excellent women ( Kausalya and other mothers or by royal maids).

Verse Locator

cNdnagui-Ev purStadi-seivtm!,
balsUyRkazE cNdnEpzaei-tm!. 6214

4. purastaat= formerly; (his arm) abhisevitam= was tended; chandanaagurubhishchaiva= with sandal wood and also; chandanaiH= as with saffron pastes; upashobhitam= made beautiful; baalasuuryaprakaashaiH= resembling the splendor of a rising sun.

Formerly, his arm used to be tended with sandalwood and aloe and with saffron pastes and made beautiful like the splendor of a rising sun.

Verse Locator

zyne caemaen sItaya> zaei-tm! pura,
t]kSyev sM-aegm! gajlin;eivtm!. 6215

5. puraa=in the past (the aforesaid arm); shobhitam= was graced; uttamaaN^gena= by the head; siitaayaaH= of Seetha; shayane= on the couch; (it resembled); takshhakasyeva sambhogam=like the body of Takshaka (A snake); gaN^gaajalanishhevitam= supported on the water of the Ganga.

In the past, the aforesaid arm was graced by the head of Seetha on the couch. It resembled the body of Takshaka. (A snake) supported on the water of the Ganga.

Verse Locator

sMge yugsMkazm! zU[am! zaekvxRnm!,
sudam! nNdnm! dI"Rm! sagraNtVypaym!. 6216

6, 7. (The aforesaid arm); diirgham= was long; yuga samkaasham= resembling a yoke; shokavardhanam= augmented the grief; shatruuNaam= of his enemies; samyuge= in battle; nandanam= was delightful; suhR^idaam= with his friends; saagaraanta vyapaashrayem= is placed at the shore of the sea.

The aforesaid arm resembled a yoke. It enhanced the grief of his enemies in battle. It was delightful to his friends. It is now placed at the shore of the sea.

Verse Locator

ASyta c pun> sVym! Jya"ativgtTvcm!,
di][ae ki][m! bm! mhapir"si-m!. 6217
gaeshdatarm! upxay -ujm! mht!,
A* me mr[m! vaw tr[m! sagrSy va. 6218
#it ramae x&itm! kTva mhabamRhaedixm!,
AixizZye c ivixvTytae= iSwtae muin>. 6219

7, 8, 9. (The aforesaid arm, jyaaghaatavigatatvacham= whose skin had been hardened by the strokes of the bow string; savyam= off the left; baahum= arm; mahaaparigha samnibham= resembling a great mace; mahat= and that mighty; dakshhiNam= right; bhujam= arm; gosahasrapradaataaram= that bestowed thousands of cows in charity; upaadhaaya= who used as a pillow; raamaH= rama; dakshhiNaH= the competent; mahaabaahuH= and the mighty armed; iti= said thus; adya= today; me= to me; taraNam vaa= either crossing; saagarasya= of the ocean ; maraNam vaa= or a death(should occur); kR^Itvaa= making; dhritam= that resolve; adhishishye= (he); laid down; atra= there; mahaadadhim= by the great ocean; sthitaH= eshtablished; muniH= in silence; prayataH= and piously disposed; vidhivat= according to tradition.

The aforesaid arm whose skin had been hardened by the strokes of the bow string, off the left arm resembling a great mace and that mighty right arm that bestowed thousands of cows in charity was used as a pillow. Rama, the competent man and the mighty armed said: Either crossing of the ocean or a death should occur to me today. Making that resolve he laid down by the ocean, restraining his speech and with a pious disposition according to tradition.

Verse Locator

tSy ramSy suSy kz AaStI[eR mhI tle,
inymad AmSy inzas! itae Aitcmu>. 62110

10. niyamaat= following the scriptural injunction; tasya= that; raamasya= Rama; apramattasya= who was attentive; suptasya= while sleeping; mahiitale= on the ground; kushaastiirNe= spread with Kusha grass; atichakramuH= surpassed a time; tisraH= of three; nishaaH= nights.

Following the scriptural injunction, that Rama who was devoted to his sacred vow, while sleeping on the ground spread with Kusha grass, spent a time of three nights there.

Verse Locator

s iraaei;tSt ny}ae xmRvTsl>,
%past tda ram> sagrm! sirtam! pitm!. 62111

11. tadaa= then; raamaH= Rama; nayajN^aH= who was skilled in policy; dharmavatsalaH= and fond of piety; triraatroshhitaH=remaining for three nights ;tatra=there; upaasata=waiting upon; saagaram=the ocean; sritaam patim=the Lord of rivers.

Remaining there for three nights, Rama who was skilled in policy and fond of piety, waited upon the ocean, the lord of rivers.

Verse Locator

n c dzRyte mNds! tda ramSy sagr>,
yten Aip rame[ ywa AhRm! Ai-pUijt>. 62112

12. abhipuujitaH api= though honored; raameNa= by Rama; prayatena= the self subdued; yathaarham= according to his worth; manda= the care less; saagaraH= ocean; nachadarshayate= did not show; ruupam= his personal form; raamasya= to Rama.

Though honored according to his worth by the self subdued Rama, the careless ocean did not appear in his personal form to Rama.

Verse Locator

smuSy tt> ae ramae r ANt laecn>,
smIpSwm! %vac #dm! lm[m! zu- lm[m!. 62113

13. tataH= thereafter; raamaH= Rama; kruddhaH= becoming angry; raktaanta lochanaH= with the outer corners of his eyes turned red; samudrasya= with the ocean; uvaacha= spoke; idam= these words; lakshhmaNasya= to Lakshmana; shubhalakshhaNam= having auspicious marks; samiipastham= who was in his vicinity.

Rama becoming angry with the ocean, having the outer corners of his eyes turned red, spoke those words to Lakshmana, having auspicious marks, who was in his vicinity:

Verse Locator

Avlepm! smuSy n dzRyit yt! Svym!,
zm> c ]ma cEv AajRvm! iy vaidta. 62114
AsamWyRm! )liNt @te inguR[e;u stam! gu[a>,

14. avalepaH=O, what arrogance; samudrasya= of the ocean; yaH= who; na darshayati= does not appear; svayam= himself; (before me); prashamshchaiva= Indeed calmness; kshhamaachaiva=and forbearance; aarjavam= straight forwardness; priyavaadita= and kind-spoken ness; ete= these; guNaH= qualities; sataam= of gentlemen; asaamarthyaphalaaH= give weak results; nirguNeshhu= when directed towards those having no virtues.

O, what arrogance of the ocean, who does not appear himself personally before me! Indeed calmness, forbearance kind spoken ness and straight -forwardness- these qualities of noble men give weak results, when directed towards those having no virtues.

Verse Locator

AaTm ziMsnm! m! x&m! ivpirxavkm!. 62115
svR %Ts& d{fm! c laek> st! kte nrm!,

15. lokaH= this world; satkurute= honors; naram= that man; aatma prashansinam=who boasts himself;dushhTam=and shameless; vipradhaavinam= runs bout ; sarvatra= in all directions; (advertising himself); utsR^ishhTa daN^Dam cha= like a horse set at liberty.

This world honors that man, who boasts himself, is corrupt and shameless, runs about in all directions advertising himself and commits every kind of excess

Verse Locator

n saa zKyte kIitRr n saa zKyte yz>. 62116
aum! lm[ laeke AiSmn! jyae va r[ mUxin,

16. lakshhmaNa= O, Lakshmana! Asmin loke= in this world; na shakyate= it is not possible; praaptum= to obtain; kiirtiH= fame; na= nay; yashaH= glory; na jayovaa= nay victory ; raNamuurdhani= at the end of battle; saamnaa= by conciliation.

O, Lakshmana! In this world, it is not possible to obtain fame, glory or victory at the end of a battle, by conciliation

Verse Locator

A* md ba[ ini-REr mkrEr mkr Aalym!,
in taeym! saEime Plvi> pZy svRt>. 62117

17. soumitra= O, Lakshmana! Pashya= see; adya= now; makaraalayam= this ocean; niruddhatoyam= having its water suffocated; makaraiH= with its crocodiles; plavadhiH= floated; sarvataH= on all sides; madbaaNanirbhagnaiH= and broken asunder by my arrows.

O, Lakshmana! Behold now this ocean, having its water made suffocated soon with its crocodiles floated on all sides and broken asunder by my arrows.

Verse Locator

-aegaM> c pZy naganam! mya i-ain lm[. 62118
mha-aegain mTSyanam! kir[am! c kran! #h,

18. lakshhmaNe= O, Lakshmana! Pashya= see; iha= here; bhogaani= the coils; bhoginaam= of water snakes; mahaabhogaani= the huge bodies; matsyaanaam= of alligators; karaam= and the trunks; kariNaam= of sea elephants; bhinnaami= being; shattered; mayaa= by me.

See here, O, Lakshmana, the coils of water snakes, the huge bodies of alligators and the trunks of sea elephants being shattered by me.

Verse Locator

szNo zuika jalm! smIn mkrm! zrE>. 62119
A* yuen mhta smum! pirzae;ye,

19. samudram parishoshhayi= I will make the ocean dry up; sashaN^kha shuktikaajaalam= with its multitude of conches , oyster shells; tathaa= and; sa miinamakaram= with its fishes and crocodiles; adya= now; mahataa yuddhena= by this great battle.

I will make the ocean with its multitude of conches, oyster shells, fishes and crocodiles, dry up now in this great battle

Verse Locator

]mya ih smayum! mam! Aym! mkr Aaly>. 62120
AsmwRm! ivjanait ixk ]mam! $ze jne,

20. ayam= this; makaraatayaH= ocean; vijaanaati= considering; maam= me; asamartham= as an incapable man; samaayuktam= endowed as I am; kshhamayaa= with forbearance; dhik= out with; kshhamaam= forbearance; iidR^ishe= to such; jane= an individual.

This ocean is considering me as an incapable man endowed as I am with forbearance. It is a great mistake to show forbearance to such an individual.

Verse Locator

s dzRyit saa me sagrae pmaTmn>. 62121
capm! Aany saEime zraM> c AazI iv; %pman!,
smum! zae;iy:yaim p(am! yaNtu Plvma>. 62122

21, 22. saagaraH= the ocean; nadarshayati= is not appearing; aatmaanam= himself; me= to me; saamnaa= on kind words; soumitre= O, Lakshmana1 aanaya= bring; chaapam= the bow; aashiivishhopamaam= and the serpentine; sharaamshcha= arrows; shoshhayishhyaami samudram= I shall dry up this ocean ; plavaN^gamaaH= monkeys; yaantu= can go; padbhyaam= by foot.

The Ocean is not appearing himself before me on kind words. O, Lakshmana! Bring the bow and the serpentine arrows. I shall dry up this ocean, so that our monkeys can cross it by feet.

Verse Locator

A* A]ae_ym! Aip > ]ae-iy:yaim sagrm!,
velasu kt myaRdm! shsa ^imR smaklm!. 62123
inmRyaRdm! kir:yaim saykEr v[ Aalym!,
mha[Rvm! ]aehiy:ye mhadanvsMklm!. 62124

23, 24. adya= now; kruddhaH= being provoked; kshhobhayishhyaami= I will shake; akshhobhyamapi= even if unshakable; saagaram= this ocean; karishhyaami= I will force; varuNaalayami= the ocean; kRita maryaadam= made with a boundary; velaasu= with banks; sahasrormi samaakulam= and agitated with thousands of waves; nirmaryaadam= bereft of a boundary; saayakaiH= by my arrows; kshhobhayishye= I will agitate; mahaarNavam= the great ocean; mahaa daanava samkulam= through with great demons.

Being provoked now, I will shake this ocean, even if it is unshakable. I will force the ocean, which is demarcated by banks and agitated with thousands of waves, bereft of a boundary, by my arrows. I will agitate the great ocean, thronged with great demons.

Verse Locator

@vm! %va xnu;! pai[> aex ivS)airt $][>,
b-Uv ramae xR;aeR yug ANt Air #v Jvln!. 62125

25. uktvaa= speaking; evam= thus; raamaH= Rama; krodhavisphaaritekshhaNaH= = with his eyes made larger by anger; dhanuushhpaaNiH= and wielding a bow with his hand; babhuuva= became; durdharshhaH= dreadful; to look at; jvalan yugaantaariva= like a blazing fire at the end of the world.

Speaking as aforesaid, Rama with his eyes made larger by anger and wielding a bow with his hand, became dreadful to look at, as a blazing fire at the end of the world.

Verse Locator

sMpIf( c xnur "aerm! kMpiyTva zrEr jgt!,
mumaec ivizoan! %an! vai[ #v zt tu>. 62126

26. sampiiDyacha= swaying; ghoram= terrific; dhanuH= bow; jagat kampayitvaa= and making the earth tremble; sharaiH= by his violence; (he) mumocha= released; vishikhaan= the arrows; ugran vajraamiva = like powerful thunderbolt; shatakratuH= of Indra(god of celestials).

Swaying his terrific bow and making the earth tremble by his violence Rama released the arrow resembling a powerful thunderbolt of Indra. (god of celestials).

Verse Locator

te JvlNtae mhavegas! tejsa sayk %ma>,
ivziNt smuSy sillm! St pgm!. 62127

27. te= those; saayakottamaaH= excellent arrows; mahaavegaaH= having a great speed; jvalantaH= and ablaze; tejasaa= by their splendor; pravishhyanti= entered ; jalam= the waters; samudrasya= of the ocean; vitrasta pannagam= frightening the water-snakes.

Those excellent arrows having a great speed and ablaze by their splendor, penetrated the waters of the ocean, striking the water- snakes with terror.

Verse Locator

ttae veg> smuSy sn mkrae mhan!,
s b-Uv mha"aer> smat rvs! tda. 62128

28. saH= that; mahaan= great; toyavegaH= jerk of water; samina makaraH=along with fishes and alligators; samudrasya= of the ocean; tathaa= and; sa maarutaravaH= together with the resonance of the wind; babhuuva= became; mahaaghoraH= very much dreadful.

The great jerk of water with fishes and alligators of the ocean, together with the resonance of the wind became very much dreadful.

Verse Locator

mhaimR mala ivtt> zNo zui smakl>,
sxUm pirv& ^imR> shsa A-Un! mhadix>. 62129

29. sahasaa= immediately; mahodadhiH= that great ocean; aasiit= became; mahormi jaalachalitaH= shaken by a multitude of huge waves; shaN^khajaala samaavR^itaH=enveloped by a multitude of couches; parivR^ittormiH= in the rolling waves; sa dhuumaH= along with smoke.

Immediately that great ocean, became shaken by the cluster of huge waves enveloped by a multitude of conches in its rolling waves and a smoke came out.

Verse Locator

Vyiwta> pga> c Aasn! dI AaSya dI laecna>,
danva> c mhavIyaR> patal tl vaisn>. 62130

30. pannagaaH= sea snakes; diiptaasyaaH= having brilliant faces; diipta lochanaaH= and glittering eyes; mahaaviirya daanavaashcha= and greatly valiant demons; paataalatalavaasinaH= residing in nethermost subterranean region; aasan= became; vyathitaaH= perturbed.

Sea-snakes having brilliant faces and glittering eyes and the very valiant demons residing in nethermost subterranean region of the sea, were perturbed.

Verse Locator

^mRy> isNxu rajSy sn mkras! tda,
ivNXy mNdr sMkaza> smuTpetu> shz>. 62131

31. tathaa= and; uurmayaH= waves; sahasrashaH= in thousands (so large);vindhyamandarasamkaashaaH= resembling Vindhya and Mandhara mountains; samutpeduH= jumped up; sindhuraajasya= from the sea ; sanakra makaraaH= with its crocodiles and sea monsters.

Thousands of waves, so large resembling Vindhya and Mandhara mountains, jumped up from the sea with its crocodiles and sea monsters.

Verse Locator

Aa"Ui[Rt trNg Aae"> sMBaNt %rg ra]s>,
%itRt mhaah> sMv&> sill Aazy>. 62132

32. varuNaalayaH= the ocean; aaghuurNita taran^goughaH= with its multitude of fluctuating waves; sambhraantoraga raakshhasaH= with its frightened serpents and demons; udvartita mahaagraahaH= with huge crocodiles caused to come out; sagoshhaH= became full of noise.

That ocean with its multitude of fluctuating waves, with its frightened serpents and demons, with huge crocodiles coming out, became full of noise.

Verse Locator

ttStu tm! ra"v muvegm!,
k;Rma[m! Xmrmeym!,
saEimiTpTy ivin>sNtm!,
mameit caeva xnurallMbe. 62133

33. tataH= then; soumitriH= Lakshmana; utpatya= rushed; raaghavam= towards Rama; (who) ;ugravegam= in a terrific velocity; prakarshhamaaNam= was stretching ; aprameyam= his incomparable; dhanuH= bow; viniH shvasantam= with a penetrating sigh; uktvaa= crying; maa maa iti= no farther, no farther; aalalambe= and took hold of; dhanuH= the bow.

Then Lakshmana rushed towards Rama who in a terrific velocity was stretching his incomparable bow, with a penetrating sigh, crying: No further, no farther and took hold of the bow.

Verse Locator

@tinaip udxeStvayR,
sMpTSyte vIrtmSy kayRm!,
-vixa> aexvzm! n yaiNt,
dI"Rm! -vaNpZytu saxuv&m!. 62134

34. etat vinaapi= even without this destruction; udadheH= of the ocean; kaaryam= the purpose; adya= now; tava= of you; viiratamasya= the greatest hero; sampatsyate= will be fulfilled; bhavadvidhaaH= men like you; na yaanti = do not get; krodhavasham= the power of anger; bhavaan= some durable; saadhu vR^ittam= and noble way; aarya= O, honorable man!

O, honorable man! Even without the destruction of the ocean, the purpose of you the greatest hero will be fulfilled. Men like you do not fall into the sway of anger. You see some durable and noble alternative

Verse Locator

ANtihRtEaip twaNtir]e,
i;Ri-Ev suri;Ri-,
zBd> kt> kimit uvi,
maR meit caeva mhta Svre[. 62135

35. brahmarshhibhishchaiva= by brahamana sages; surarshhibhishcha= and by celestial sages; antarhitaiH= abiding in the interior; antarikshhe= of the sky; uktvaa= was cried; mahataa= in a loud; svareNa= voice; shabdaH= and noise; kR^itaH= made; maa maa iti= saying No farther, no farther; kashhTamiti= ah,oh,alas!

Brahmana-sages and celestial sages, stationed in the interior of the sky cried in a loud voices, saying No farther, no farther and making a noise Ah,Oh,Alas!

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye yuka{fe @kivMz> sgR

Thus completes 21th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book VI : Kishkindha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 21

 

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35

Sarga 21 in English Prose

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January 2004, K. M. K. Murthy