Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
The careless ocean did not appear in his personal form to Rama, even when it was requested to do so. Rama becomes angry at the ocean and looses fierce arrows, which cause a terror among the creatures inhabiting the sea.
tata× s˜garavel˜y˜m darbh˜n˜stŸrya r˜ghava× |
añjalim pr˜ðmukha× k®tv˜ pratiþiþye mahodadhe× || 6-21-1
b˜hum bhujaðgabhog˜bhamupadh˜y˜ris¨dana× |
1. tataH= thereafter; raaghavaH= Rama; arisuudanaH= the annihilator of enemies; aastiirya= spreading; darbhaan= sacred grass; saagara velaayaam= on the sea shore; kR^itvaa= making; aN^jalim= a respectful salutation(by joining his palms); ,mahodadhe= to the great ocean; praaN^mukhaH= having his face turned east ward; pratishishye= lied down; baahum= with his arm; bhujaN^gabhogaabham= resembling of the body of the snake; upadhaaya= as his pillow.
Thereafter Rama, the annihilator of enemies, spreading sacred grass on the sea shore, making a respectful salutation (by joining his palms) to the great ocean with his face turned eastward, lied down with his arm, resembling the body of a snake , as his pillow.
maõik˜ñcanakey¨ramukt˜pravarabh¨ÿaõai× || 6-21-2
bhujai× paraman˜rŸõ˜mabhim®ÿ÷amanekadh˜ |
2, 3. His arm formerly; maNikaaN^chana keyuura muktaa pravara bhuushhaNaiH= adorned with armlets of gems and gold and the most excellent jewels of pearls; abhimR^ishhTam= touched; anekadhaa= more than once; parama naariiNaam= by excellent women (by Kausalya and other mothers or by royal maids.)
His arm formerly adorned with armlets of gems and gold and the most excellent jewels of pearls, was touched more than once, by excellent women ( Kausalya and other mothers or by royal maids).
candan˜gurubhiþcaiva purast˜dabhisevitam || 6-21-3
b˜las¨ryaprak˜þaiþca candanairupaþobhitam |
4. purastaat= formerly; (his arm) abhisevitam= was tended; chandanaagurubhishchaiva= with sandal wood and also; chandanaiH= as with saffron pastes; upashobhitam= made beautiful; baalasuuryaprakaashaiH= resembling the splendor of a rising sun.
Formerly, his arm used to be tended with sandalwood and aloe and with saffron pastes and made beautiful like the splendor of a rising sun.
þayane cottam˜ðgena sŸt˜y˜× þobhitam pur˜ |
takÿakasyeva sambhogam gaðg˜jalaniÿevitam || 6-21-5
5. puraa=in the past (the aforesaid arm); shobhitam= was graced; uttamaaN^gena= by the head; siitaayaaH= of Seetha; shayane= on the couch; (it resembled); takshhakasyeva sambhogam=like the body of Takshaka (A snake); gaN^gaajalanishhevitam= supported on the water of the Ganga.
In the past, the aforesaid arm was graced by the head of Seetha on the couch. It resembled the body of Takshaka. (A snake) supported on the water of the Ganga.
samge yugasamk˜þam þatr¨õ˜m þokavardhanam |
suhrd˜m nandanam dŸrgham s˜gar˜ntavyap˜þrayam || 6-21-6
6, 7. (The aforesaid arm); diirgham= was long; yuga samkaasham= resembling a yoke; shokavardhanam= augmented the grief; shatruuNaam= of his enemies; samyuge= in battle; nandanam= was delightful; suhR^idaam= with his friends; saagaraanta vyapaashrayem= is placed at the shore of the sea.
The aforesaid arm resembled a yoke. It enhanced the grief of his enemies in battle. It was delightful to his friends. It is now placed at the shore of the sea.
asyat˜ ca puna× savyam jy˜gh˜tavigatatvacam |
dakÿiõo kakÿiõam bahum mah˜parighasamnibham || 6-21-7
gosahasraprad˜t˜ram hyupadh˜ya bhujam mahat |
adya me maraõam v˜tha taraõam s˜garasya v˜ || 6-21-8
iti r˜mo dh®tim k®tv˜ mah˜b˜hurmahodadhim |
adhiþiþye ca vidhivatprayato'tra sthito muni× || 6-21-9
7, 8, 9. (The aforesaid arm, jyaaghaatavigatatvacham= whose skin had been hardened by the strokes of the bow string; savyam= off the left; baahum= arm; mahaaparigha samnibham= resembling a great mace; mahat= and that mighty; dakshhiNam= right; bhujam= arm; gosahasrapradaataaram= that bestowed thousands of cows in charity; upaadhaaya= who used as a pillow; raamaH= rama; dakshhiNaH= the competent; mahaabaahuH= and the mighty armed; iti= said thus; adya= today; me= to me; taraNam vaa= either crossing; saagarasya= of the ocean ; maraNam vaa= or a death(should occur); kR^Itvaa= making; dhritam= that resolve; adhishishye= (he); laid down; atra= there; mahaadadhim= by the great ocean; sthitaH= eshtablished; muniH= in silence; prayataH= and piously disposed; vidhivat= according to tradition.
The aforesaid arm whose skin had been hardened by the strokes of the bow string, off the left arm resembling a great mace and that mighty right arm that bestowed thousands of cows in charity was used as a pillow. Rama, the competent man and the mighty armed said: “ Either crossing of the ocean or a death should occur to me today”. Making that resolve he laid down by the ocean, restraining his speech and with a pious disposition according to tradition.
tasya r˜masya suptasya kuþa ˜stŸrõe mahŸ tale |
niyam˜d apramattasya niþ˜s tisro aticakramu× || 6-21-10
10. niyamaat= following the scriptural injunction; tasya= that; raamasya= Rama; apramattasya= who was attentive; suptasya= while sleeping; mahiitale= on the ground; kushaastiirNe= spread with Kusha grass; atichakramuH= surpassed a time; tisraH= of three; nishaaH= nights.
Following the scriptural injunction, that Rama who was devoted to his sacred vow, while sleeping on the ground spread with Kusha grass, spent a time of three nights there.
sa trir˜troÿitastatra nayajño dharmavatsala× |
up˜sata tad˜ r˜ma× s˜garam sarit˜m patim || 6-21-11
11. tadaa= then; raamaH= Rama; nayajN^aH= who was skilled in policy; dharmavatsalaH= and fond of piety; triraatroshhitaH=remaining for three nights ;tatra=there; upaasata=waiting upon; saagaram=the ocean; sritaam patim=the Lord of rivers.
Remaining there for three nights, Rama who was skilled in policy and fond of piety, waited upon the ocean, the lord of rivers.
na ca darþayate mandas tad˜ r˜masya s˜gara× |
prayatena api r˜meõa yath˜ arham abhip¨jita× || 6-21-12
12. abhipuujitaH api= though honored; raameNa= by Rama; prayatena= the self subdued; yathaarham= according to his worth; manda= the care less; saagaraH= ocean; nachadarshayate= did not show; ruupam= his personal form; raamasya= to Rama.
Though honored according to his worth by the self subdued Rama, the careless ocean did not appear in his personal form to Rama.
samudrasya tata× kruddho r˜mo rakta anta locana× |
samŸpastham uv˜ca idam lakÿmaõam þubha lakÿmaõam || 6-21-13
13. tataH= thereafter; raamaH= Rama; kruddhaH= becoming angry; raktaanta lochanaH= with the outer corners of his eyes turned red; samudrasya= with the ocean; uvaacha= spoke; idam= these words; lakshhmaNasya= to Lakshmana; shubhalakshhaNam= having auspicious marks; samiipastham= who was in his vicinity.
Rama becoming angry with the ocean, having the outer corners of his eyes turned red, spoke those words to Lakshmana, having auspicious marks, who was in his vicinity:
avalepam samudrasya na darþayati yat svayam |
praþama× ca kÿam˜ caiva ˜rjavam priya v˜dit˜ || 6-21-14
as˜marthyam phalanti ete nirguõeÿu sat˜m guõ˜× |
14. avalepaH=O, what arrogance; samudrasya= of the ocean; yaH= who; na darshayati= does not appear; svayam= himself; (before me); prashamshchaiva= Indeed calmness; kshhamaachaiva=and forbearance; aarjavam= straight forwardness; priyavaadita= and kind-spoken ness; ete= these; guNaH= qualities; sataam= of gentlemen; asaamarthyaphalaaH= give weak results; nirguNeshhu= when directed towards those having no virtues.
“O, what arrogance of the ocean, who does not appear himself personally before me! Indeed calmness, forbearance kind spoken ness and straight -forwardness- these qualities of noble men give weak results, when directed towards those having no virtues.”
˜tma praþamsinam duÿ÷am dh®ÿ÷am viparidh˜vakam || 6-21-15
sarvatra uts®ÿ÷a daõýam ca loka× sat kurute naram |
15. lokaH= this world; satkurute= honors; naram= that man; aatma prashansinam=who boasts himself;dushhTam=and shameless; vipradhaavinam= runs bout ; sarvatra= in all directions; (advertising himself); utsR^ishhTa daN^Dam cha= like a horse set at liberty.
“This world honors that man, who boasts himself, is corrupt and shameless, runs about in all directions advertising himself and commits every kind of excess”
na s˜mn˜ þakyate kŸrtir na s˜mn˜ þakyate yaþa× || 6-21-16
pr˜ptum lakÿmaõa loke asmin jayo v˜ raõa m¨dhani |
16. lakshhmaNa= O, Lakshmana! Asmin loke= in this world; na shakyate= it is not possible; praaptum= to obtain; kiirtiH= fame; na= nay; yashaH= glory; na jayovaa= nay victory ; raNamuurdhani= at the end of battle; saamnaa= by conciliation.
“O, Lakshmana! In this world, it is not possible to obtain fame, glory or victory at the end of a battle, by conciliation”
adya mad b˜õa nirbhinnair makarair makara ˜layam |
niruddha toyam saumitre plavadbhi× paþya sarvata× || 6-21-17
17. soumitra= O, Lakshmana! Pashya= see; adya= now; makaraalayam= this ocean; niruddhatoyam= having its water suffocated; makaraiH= with its crocodiles; plavadhiH= floated; sarvataH= on all sides; madbaaNanirbhagnaiH= and broken asunder by my arrows.
“O, Lakshmana! Behold now this ocean, having its water made suffocated soon with its crocodiles floated on all sides and broken asunder by my arrows”.
bhog˜m× ca paþya n˜g˜n˜m may˜ bhinn˜ni lakÿmaõa || 6-21-18
mah˜bhog˜ni matsy˜n˜m kariõ˜m ca kar˜n iha |
18. lakshhmaNe= O, Lakshmana! Pashya= see; iha= here; bhogaani= the coils; bhoginaam= of water snakes; mahaabhogaani= the huge bodies; matsyaanaam= of alligators; karaam= and the trunks; kariNaam= of sea elephants; bhinnaami= being; shattered; mayaa= by me.
“See here, O, Lakshmana, the coils of water snakes, the huge bodies of alligators and the trunks of sea elephants being shattered by me.”
saþankha þuktik˜ j˜lam samŸna makaram þarai× || 6-21-19
adya yuddhena mahat˜ samudram pariþoÿaye |
19. samudram parishoshhayi= I will make the ocean dry up; sashaN^kha shuktikaajaalam= with its multitude of conches , oyster shells; tathaa= and; sa miinamakaram= with its fishes and crocodiles; adya= now; mahataa yuddhena= by this great battle.
“I will make the ocean with its multitude of conches, oyster shells, fishes and crocodiles, dry up now in this great battle”
kÿamay˜ hi sam˜yuktam m˜m ayam makara ˜laya× || 6-21-20
asamartham vij˜n˜ti dhik kÿam˜m Ÿd®þe jane |
20. ayam= this; makaraatayaH= ocean; vijaanaati= considering; maam= me; asamartham= as an incapable man; samaayuktam= endowed as I am; kshhamayaa= with forbearance; dhik= out with; kshhamaam= forbearance; iidR^ishe= to such; jane= an individual.
“This ocean is considering me as an incapable man endowed as I am with forbearance. It is a great mistake to show forbearance to such an individual.”
sa darþayati s˜mn˜ me s˜garo r¨pam˜tmana× || 6-21-21
c˜pam ˜naya saumitre þar˜m× ca ˜þŸ viÿa upam˜n |
samudram þoÿayiÿy˜mi padbhy˜m y˜ntu plavaðgam˜× || 6-21-22
21, 22. saagaraH= the ocean; nadarshayati= is not appearing; aatmaanam= himself; me= to me; saamnaa= on kind words; soumitre= O, Lakshmana1 aanaya= bring; chaapam= the bow; aashiivishhopamaam= and the serpentine; sharaamshcha= arrows; shoshhayishhyaami samudram= I shall dry up this ocean ; plavaN^gamaaH= monkeys; yaantu= can go; padbhyaam= by foot.
“The Ocean is not appearing himself before me on kind words. O, Lakshmana! Bring the bow and the serpentine arrows. I shall dry up this ocean, so that our monkeys can cross it by feet.”
adya akÿobhyam api kruddha× kÿobhayiÿy˜mi s˜garam |
vel˜su k®ta mary˜dam sahas˜ ¨rmi sam˜kulam || 6-21-23
nirmary˜dam kariÿy˜mi s˜yakair varuõa ˜layam |
mah˜rõavam kÿohayiÿye mah˜d˜navasamkulam || 6-21-24
23, 24. adya= now; kruddhaH= being provoked; kshhobhayishhyaami= I will shake; akshhobhyamapi= even if unshakable; saagaram= this ocean; karishhyaami= I will force; varuNaalayami= the ocean; kRita maryaadam= made with a boundary; velaasu= with banks; sahasrormi samaakulam= and agitated with thousands of waves; nirmaryaadam= bereft of a boundary; saayakaiH= by my arrows; kshhobhayishye= I will agitate; mahaarNavam= the great ocean; mahaa daanava samkulam= through with great demons.
“Being provoked now, I will shake this ocean, even if it is unshakable. I will force the ocean, which is demarcated by banks and agitated with thousands of waves, bereft of a boundary, by my arrows. I will agitate the great ocean, thronged with great demons.”
evam uktv˜ dhanuÿ p˜õi× krodha visph˜rita Ÿkÿaõa× |
babh¨va r˜mo durdharÿo yuga anta agnir iva jvalan || 6-21-25
25. uktvaa= speaking; evam= thus; raamaH= Rama; krodhavisphaaritekshhaNaH= = with his eyes made larger by anger; dhanuushhpaaNiH= and wielding a bow with his hand; babhuuva= became; durdharshhaH= dreadful; to look at; jvalan yugaantaariva= like a blazing fire at the end of the world.
Speaking as aforesaid, Rama with his eyes made larger by anger and wielding a bow with his hand, became dreadful to look at, as a blazing fire at the end of the world.
sampŸýya ca dhanur ghoram kampayitv˜ þarair jagat |
mumoca viþikh˜n ugr˜n vajr˜õi iva þata kratu× || 6-21-26
26. sampiiDyacha= swaying; ghoram= terrific; dhanuH= bow; jagat kampayitvaa= and making the earth tremble; sharaiH= by his violence; (he) mumocha= released; vishikhaan= the arrows; ugran vajraamiva = like powerful thunderbolt; shatakratuH= of Indra(god of celestials).
Swaying his terrific bow and making the earth tremble by his violence Rama released the arrow resembling a powerful thunderbolt of Indra. (god of celestials).
te jvalanto mah˜veg˜s tejas˜ s˜yaka uttam˜× |
praviþanti samudrasya salilam trasta pannagam || 6-21-27
27. te= those; saayakottamaaH= excellent arrows; mahaavegaaH= having a great speed; jvalantaH= and ablaze; tejasaa= by their splendor; pravishhyanti= entered ; jalam= the waters; samudrasya= of the ocean; vitrasta pannagam= frightening the water-snakes.
Those excellent arrows having a great speed and ablaze by their splendor, penetrated the waters of the ocean, striking the water- snakes with terror.
tato vega× samudrasya sanakra makaro mah˜n |
sa babh¨va mah˜ghora× sam˜ruta ravas tad˜ || 6-21-28
28. saH= that; mahaan= great; toyavegaH= jerk of water; samina makaraH=along with fishes and alligators; samudrasya= of the ocean; tathaa= and; sa maarutaravaH= together with the resonance of the wind; babhuuva= became; mahaaghoraH= very much dreadful.
The great jerk of water with fishes and alligators of the ocean, together with the resonance of the wind became very much dreadful.
mah˜¨rmi m˜l˜ vitata× þankha þukti sam˜kula× |
sadh¨ma pariv®tta ¨rmi× sahas˜ abh¨n mah˜udadhi× || 6-21-29
29. sahasaa= immediately; mahodadhiH= that great ocean; aasiit= became; mahormi jaalachalitaH= shaken by a multitude of huge waves; shaN^khajaala samaavR^itaH=enveloped by a multitude of couches; parivR^ittormiH= in the rolling waves; sa dhuumaH= along with smoke.
Immediately that great ocean, became shaken by the cluster of huge waves enveloped by a multitude of conches in its rolling waves and a smoke came out.
vyathit˜× pannag˜× ca ˜san dŸpta ˜sy˜ dŸpta locan˜× |
d˜nav˜× ca mah˜vŸry˜× p˜t˜la tala v˜sina× || 6-21-30
30. pannagaaH= sea snakes; diiptaasyaaH= having brilliant faces; diipta lochanaaH= and glittering eyes; mahaaviirya daanavaashcha= and greatly valiant demons; paataalatalavaasinaH= residing in nethermost subterranean region; aasan= became; vyathitaaH= perturbed.
Sea-snakes having brilliant faces and glittering eyes and the very valiant demons residing in nethermost subterranean region of the sea, were perturbed.
¨rmaya× sindhu r˜jasya sanakra makar˜s tad˜ |
vindhya mandara samk˜þ˜× samutpetu× sahasraþa× || 6-21-31
31. tathaa= and; uurmayaH= waves; sahasrashaH= in thousands (so large);vindhyamandarasamkaashaaH= resembling Vindhya and Mandhara mountains; samutpeduH= jumped up; sindhuraajasya= from the sea ; sanakra makaraaH= with its crocodiles and sea monsters.
Thousands of waves, so large resembling Vindhya and Mandhara mountains, jumped up from the sea with its crocodiles and sea monsters.
˜gh¨rõita taranga ogha× sambbhr˜nta uraga r˜kÿasa× |
udvartita mah˜gr˜ha× samv®tta× salila ˜þaya× || 6-21-32
32. varuNaalayaH= the ocean; aaghuurNita taran^goughaH= with its multitude of fluctuating waves; sambhraantoraga raakshhasaH= with its frightened serpents and demons; udvartita mahaagraahaH= with huge crocodiles caused to come out; sagoshhaH= became full of noise.
That ocean with its multitude of fluctuating waves, with its frightened serpents and demons, with huge crocodiles coming out, became full of noise.
tatastu tam r˜ghava mugravegam |
prakarÿam˜õam dhmaraprameyam |
saumitrirutpatya vini×þvasantam |
m˜meti coktv˜ dhanur˜lalambe || 6-21-33
33. tataH= then; soumitriH= Lakshmana; utpatya= rushed; raaghavam= towards Rama; (who) ;ugravegam= in a terrific velocity; prakarshhamaaNam= was stretching ; aprameyam= his incomparable; dhanuH= bow; viniH shvasantam= with a penetrating sigh; uktvaa= crying; maa maa iti= no farther, no farther; aalalambe= and took hold of; dhanuH= the bow.
Then Lakshmana rushed towards Rama who in a terrific velocity was stretching his incomparable bow, with a penetrating sigh, crying: “No further, no farther” and took hold of the bow.
etadvin˜pi hyudadhestav˜rya |
sampatsyate vŸratamasya k˜ryam |
bhavadvidh˜× krodhavaþam na y˜nti |
dŸrgham bhav˜npaþyatu s˜dhuv®ttam || 6-21-34
34. etat vinaapi= even without this destruction; udadheH= of the ocean; kaaryam= the purpose; adya= now; tava= of you; viiratamasya= the greatest hero; sampatsyate= will be fulfilled; bhavadvidhaaH= men like you; na yaanti = do not get; krodhavasham= the power of anger; bhavaan= some durable; saadhu vR^ittam= and noble way; aarya= O, honorable man!
“O, honorable man! Even without the destruction of the ocean, the purpose of you the greatest hero will be fulfilled. Men like you do not fall into the sway of anger. You see some durable and noble alternative”
antarhitaiþc˜pi tath˜ntarikÿe |
brahmarÿibhiþcaiva surarÿibhiþca |
þabda× k®ta× kaÿ÷amiti bruvadbhi |
rm˜ meti coktv˜ mahat˜ svareõa || 6-21-35
35. brahmarshhibhishchaiva= by brahamana sages; surarshhibhishcha= and by celestial sages; antarhitaiH= abiding in the interior; antarikshhe= of the sky; uktvaa= was cried; mahataa= in a loud; svareNa= voice; shabdaH= and noise; kR^itaH= made; maa maa iti= saying No farther, no farther; kashhTamiti= ah,oh,alas!
Brahmana-sages and celestial sages, stationed in the interior of the sky cried in a loud voices, saying “No farther, no farther” and making a noise “Ah,Oh,Alas!”
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye yuddhak˜õýe ekavimþa× sarga×
Thus completes 21th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© January 2004, K. M. K. Murthy