Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
Sugreeva comforts Rama, who is tormented with grief, asking him to keep away from apprehensive mind and to think of ways and means to cross the ocean.
tam tu shokaparidyuunam raamam dasharathaatmajam |
uvaacha vachanam shriimaan sugriivah shokanaashanam || 6-2-1
1. shriimaan= the glorious; sugriivaH= Sugreeva; uvaacha= spoke; shokanaashanam= (these) grief-removing; vachanam= words; tu= then; tam raamam\ to that Rama; dasharathaatmajam= the son of Dasaratha; shokaparidyuunam= felt miserable by grief.
The glorious Sugreeva made the following reply, which was intended to expel his grief, to Rama the son of Dasaratha who felt miserable with anguish.
kim tvayaa tapyate viira yathaanyaH praakR^itastathaa |
maivam bhuustyaja sataapam kR^itaghna iva sauhR^idam || 6-2-2
2. viira= “Oh, hero! Kim= why; tapyate= is it lamented; tvayaa= by you; tathaa= thus; yathaa= as; anyaH= any other; prakR^itaH= ordinary man? maa bhuuH= do not be(sorrowful); evam= like this; tyaja= abandon; santaapam= grief; sauhR^idam iva= as abandoning friendship; kR^itaghnaH= by an ungrateful man.
“Oh, hero! Why are you lamenting thus, as any other ordinary man? Do not be sorrowful like this. Abandon your grief, as an ungrateful man abandons friendship.”
samtaapasya cha te sthaanam na hi pashyaami raaghava |
pravR^ittaamupalabdhaayaam jJNaate cha nilaye ripoH || 6-2-3
3. pravR^ittau= “As the information (about Seetha); upalabdhaayaam= has been procured; na pashyaami hi= I do not indeed see; sthaanam; any scope for; te= your; samtaapasya= grief; raaghava= Oh, Rama!”
“As the information about Seetha has since been gathered, I do not indeed see any scope for your grief Oh, Rama!”
matimaan shaastravitpraajJNH paNDitashchaasi raaghava |
tyajemaam praakR^itaam uddhiM kR^itaatmevaarthaduushhaNiim || 6-2-4
4. raaghava= “Oh, Rama! asi= you are; matimaan= a wise man; shaastravit= a knower of sacred works; praajJNaH= an intellectual; paNDitashchaasi= and a learned man; tyaja= give up; imam= these; prakR^itaam= ordinary; buddhim= conjectures; arthaduushhiNiim buddhim iva= like giving up conjectures which spoil the purpose; kR^itaatmaa= by one whose spirit is disciplined.”
“Oh, Rama! You are a wise person, a knower of sacred works, an intellectual and a learned man. Give up these ordinary apprehensions like a man whose spirit is disciplined gives up ideas which spoil the purpose.
samdram laN^ghayitvaa tu mahaanakrasamaakulam |
laN^kaamaarohayishhyaamo hanishhyaamashcha te ripum || 6-2-5
5. aarohayishhyaamaH= “we shall make our way up; laN^kaam= to Lanka; laN^ghayitvaa= by crossing; samudram= the ocean; mahaa nakra samaakulam= which is filled with large crocodiles; hanishhyaamashcha= we shall destroy; te= your; ripum= enemy.
“We shall make our way up to Lanka, by crossing the ocean filled with large crocodiles. We shall destroy your enemy.”
nirutsaahasya diinasya shokaparyaakulaatmanaH |
sarvaarthaa vyavasiidanti vyasanam chaadhigachchhati || 6-2-6
6. sarvaarthaaH= “All actions; vyavasiindanti= get dissipated; nirutsaahasya= by a non-enthusiastic person; diinasya= a depressed individual; shoka paryaakulaatmanaH= and a person disturbed with grief; adhigachchhati= (such a person) obtains; vyasanamaH= troubles too.”
“All action get dissipated by a person who is non-enthusiastic, depressed and disturbed with grief. Such a person gets into troubles too.”
ime shuuraaH samarthaashcha sarvato hariyuuthapaaH |
tvatpriyaartham kR^itotsaahaaH praveshhTumapi paavakam || 6-2-7
eshhaam harshheNa jaanaami tarkashchaapi dR^iDho mama |
7. ime= “These; hariyuuthapaaH=leaders of monkey troops; shuuraaH= are gallant; samarthaashcha= and efficient; sarvataH= in every way; kR^itotsaahaaH= they are made of enthusiasm; praveshhTum api= even to enter; paavakam= a fire; tvatpriyaartham= for your sake; jaanaami= I know; eshhaam= this; harshheNa= from their joy; mama= my; tarkashchaapi= reasoning also; dR^iDhaH= is strong.”
“These leaders of monkey squads are gallant and efficient in all ways. They are enthusiastic even to enter a fire for your sake. I understand this from their joy and my reasoning too is sound.”
vikrameNa samaaneshhye siitaam hatvaa yathaa ripum || 6-2-8
raavanam paapakrmaaNam tathaa tvam kartumarhasi |
8. tvam= you; arhasi= ought; kartum= to act; yathaa tathaa= in every way that; samaaneshhye= I may be able to get back; siitaam= Seetha; hatvaa= after destroying; vikrameNa= by an attack; ripum= the enemy; raavaNam= Ravana; paapakarmaaNam= of sinful deeds.
“You ought to act in every way that I may be able to get back Seetha, after destroying by an attack the enemy Ravana of sinful deeds.”
seturatra yathaa baddhyethaa pashyema taam puriim || 6-2-9
tasya raakshasaraajasya tathaa tvam kuru raaghava |
9. tvam= “You; kuru= take steps; yathaa tathaa= in such a way; setuH= (that) a bridge; badhyet= is constructed; atra= here; pashyema= and we behold; taam= that; puriim= city; tasya= of that; raakshasa raajasya= king of ogres; raaghava= Oh, Rama!”
“You take steps in such a way that a bridge is constructed across the sea and we reach that city of the king of ogres.”
dR^ishhTvaa taam hi puriim laN^kaam trikuuTashikhare
sthitaam || 6-2-10
hatam cha raavaNam uddhe darshanaadavadhaaraya |
10. avadhaaraya= “be certain; raavaNam= that Ravana; hatam= is killed; darshanaat= as soon as he is seen; yuddhe= in combat; dR^ishhTvaa= and on our beholding; taam= that; laN^kaam puriim= city of Lanka; sthitaam= standing; trikuuTa shikhare= on the peak of Trikuta mountain.
“Be certain that Ravana is killed, once he is seen in a battle and on our seeing that city of Lanka standing on a peak of the Trikuta Mountain.”
abaddhvaa saagare setum ghore cha varuNaalaye || 6-2-11
laN^kaa na marditum shakyaa sendrairapi suraasuraiH |
11. abaddhvaa= without building; setum= a bridge; saagare= across the sea; ghore= the dreadful; varuNaalaye= abode of Varuna (the god of water); laN^kaa= Lanka; na shakyaa= cannot be; marditum= crushed; suraasuraiH api= even by gods and demons; sendraiH= including Indra.
“Without building a bridge across the sea, the dreadful abode of Varuna (the god of water), Lanka cannot be defeated even by gods and demons including Indra.”
seturbaddhaH samudre cha yaavallaN^kaasamiipataH || 6-2-12
sarvam tiirNam cha me sainyam jitamityupadhaaraya |
ime hi samare viiraa harayaH kaamaruupiNaH || 6-2-13
12,13. upadhaaraya= “Understand that; yaavat= when; me sarvam sainyam= the whole of my army; tiirNam= crosses(the sea); setuH= (as) a bridge; baddhaH= is built; samudre= across the sea; laN^kaa samiipataH= at eh vicinity of Lanka; jitam= (they will come out) victorious; ime= these; harayaH= monkeys; kaamaruupeNa= who are capable of assuming any form at will; viiraaH hi= are indeed heroic; samare= in battle.”
“Know that when the whole of my army crosses the sea as a bridge is built across it, they will come out victorious, because these monkeys who are able to change their form at will are indeed valiant in battle.”
tadalam viklabaam buddhim raajan sarvaarthanaashaniim |
purushhasya hi loke.asmin shokaH shauryaapakarshhaNaH || 6-2-14
14. tat= “therefore; alam= (be) enough; viklabaam= of apprehensive; buddhim= min; sarvaarthaa naashaniim= which destroys all purposes; shokaH= (because) grief; asmin loke= in the world; shaurya apakarshhaNaH= diminishes the valor; purushhasya= of a man; raajam= Oh king!”
“Therefore, take away your apprehensive mind, which destroys any enterprise for grief in this world diminishes the might of a man, Oh king!”
yattu kaaryam manushhyeNa shauNDiiryamavalambyataam |
tadalamkaraNaayaiva karturbhavati satvaram || 6-2-15
15. avalambyataam= “cling to; kaaryam tu= the practice of; shauNDiiryam= boldness; yat= which (is to be shown); manushhyeNa= by a man; tat= It; bhavati= will produce; alamkaraNaayaiva= competence truly; kartuH to the doer; satvaram= quickly.”
‘Cling to the practice of boldness, ought to be resorted to by a man. It will produce competence without doubt to the doer quickly.”
asmin kaale mahaapraajJN sattvamaatishhTha te jasaa |
shuuraaNaam hi manushhyaaNaam tvadvidhaanaam mahaatmanaam || 6-2-16
vinashhTevaa ranassTe vaashokaH sarvaarthanaashanaH |
16. aatishhTa= prevail upon; sattvam= the strength; tejasaa= with alertness; asmin= at this; kaale= moment; mahaapraajJN=Oh, highly intelligent prince!; shokaH= grief; vinashhTe vaa= for something lost; pranashhTeva= or destroyed; sarvaarthaa naashanaH= defeats all the purposes; shuuraaNaam= for heroes; mahaatmanaam= and magnanimous; manushhyaaNaam= men; tvadvidhaanaam= like you.”
“Prevail upon the strength with alertness at this moment, Oh highly intelligent prince! Grief for something lost or destroyed consumes all resources of even the strong and magnanimous men like you.”
tattvam buddhimataam shreshhThah sarvashaastrarthakovidaH ||
madvidhaiH sachivaiH saardhamarim jetum samarhasi |
17. shreshhTaH= (you are the) foremost; buddhimataam= among the intelligent; sarva shaastra kovidaH= the knower of all sacred texts; tat= hence; tvam= you; samarhasi= ought to; jetum= defeat; arim= the enemy; sachivaiH saardham= in conjunction with friends; madvidhaiH= like me.
“You are the foremost among the intelligent and the knower of all sacred texts. Hence, you ought to defeat the enemy, with allies like me.”
na hi pashyaamyaham kam chittrishhu lokeshhu raaghava ||
gR^ihiitadhanushho yaste tishhThe dabhimukho raNe |
18. aham= I; na pashyaamihi= do not indeed see; kamchit= any one; yaH= who; tishhThet= stands; abhimukhe= face to face; raNe= on a battle field; raNe= on a battle field; te= against you; trishhu lokeshhu= in the three worlds; gR^ishiita dhanushhaH= (when you have) seized a bow; raaghava= Oh, Rama!
“I do not indeed see any one who can withstand you in a battle filed in the three worlds, when you are armed with a bow, Oh Rama!”
vaanareshhu samaasaktam na te kaaryam vipatsyate || 6-2-19
achiraaddrakshyase siitaam tiirtvaa saagaramakshayam |
19. te kaaryam= your work; samaasaktam= duly entrusted; vaanareshhu= to the monkeys; na vipatsyate= will not be spoiled; drakshhyase= you shall behold; siitaam= Seetha; achiraat= before long; tiirtvaa= by crossing; saagaram= the sea; akshhayam= which is imperishable.
“You work duly entrusted to the monkeys will not be spoiled. You shall behold Seetha era imperishable sea.”
tadalam shokamaalambya krodhamaalamba bhuupate || 6-2-20
nishcheshhTaah kshatriyaa mandaaH sarve chaNDasy bibhyati |
20. bhuupate= Oh, Lord of the earth! tat= hence; alam= enough; aalambya= of having maintained; shokam= the grief; aalamba= maintain; krodham= wrath (on your enemy); kshhatriyaaH= Kshatriya as (members of warrior- tribe); nishcheshhTaah= who are not active; mandaaH= are miserable; sarve= all; bibhyati= fear; chaNDasya= the wrathful.
“Oh, Lord of the earth! Desist from this melancholy. Yield to your legitimate indignation. Unadventurous Kshatriyas (members of warrior-tribe) never win honor but all fear the wrathful.”
laN^ghaanaartham cha ghorasya samudrasya nadiipateH ||
sahaasmaabhirihoopetah suukshmabuddhirvichaaraya |
21. suukshma buddhiH= (you with) sharp intellect; iha= now; asmaabhiH saha= along with us; upetaH= together; ichaaraya= think of; laN^ghanaartham cha= design to cross; samudrasya= the sea; nadiipate= the lord rivers; ghorasya= which is terrible.
“You with your resourceful mind, along with us together, ponder over now a design to cross the sea, the terrible Lord of rivers.”
laN^ghite tatra taiH sainyairjitamityeva nishchinu || 6-2-22
sarvam tiirNam cha me sainyam jitamityavadhaaryataam |
22. nishchinu= be assured; jitamityeva= of having conquered; tatra= (once) that sea; laN^ghite= has been crossed; taiH sainyaiH= by that army; avadhaaryataam= It is to be understood; jitamiti= of having won; sarvam= (if) all; me= my; sainyam= forces; tiirNam= arrive beyond ( the sea).
“Know victory to be certain, once the sea has been crossed by the army. Verily when all my forces have passed over the sea our triumph is assured!”
ime hi harayaH shuuraaH samare kaamaruupiNaH || 6-2-23
taanariinvidhamishhyanti shilaapaadapavR^ishhTibhiH |
23. ime harayaH= These monkeys; shuuraaH= strong ones (as they are); samare= in battle; kaama ruupeNa= and capable of assuming any form at will; vidhamishhyantihi= will indeed blow away; taan= those; ariin= enemies; shilaapaadapa vR^ishhTibhiH= by a shower of rocks and trees.
“These monkeys, the courageous soldiers who are able to change their form at their volition, will crush their opponents with an avalanche of rocks and trees.”
katham chitparipashyaami laN^ghitam varuNaalayam || 6-2-24
hatamityeva tam manye yuddhe shatrunibarhaNa |
24. paripashyaami= I perceive; varuNaalayam= the sea, the abode of Varuna; laN^ghitam= crossed; kathamchit= by any manner whatsoever; manye= I think; tam= that Ravana; hatamityeva= as definitely killed; yuddhe= in combat; shatrunibarhaNa= Oh, exterminator of enemies!
“Once we have crossed the sea (the abode of Varuna) by whatever the means employed, Ravana is as definitely killed in my eyes, Oh exterminator of enemies!”
kimuktvaa bahudhaa chaapi sarvathaa vijayaa bhavaan ||
nimittaani cha pashyaami mano me samprahR^ishhyati |
25. kim= what is the use; uktvaa= of speaking; bahudhaa= at length? bhavaan= you will be; vijayii= victorious man; sarvathaa= in every way; pashyaami= I see; nimittaani= good omens; me= my; manaH= mind; samprahR^ishhyati= is over-thrilled with delight.”
What is the use of all these words? By all means, you will be a victorious man. I see good omens and my heard is over thrilled with joy.”
ityaarshhe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye yuddhakaaNDe dvitiiyaH sargaH
Thus completes 2nd Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© Jan 2003, K. M. K. Murthy