Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
At the request of Bharata to take back the kingdom of Ayodhya, Rama accepts the offer and sits on a seat. Bharata and Rama take their bath and get adorned for the occasion. Rama, mounting on an excellent chariot, sallies forth on a procession in the city accompanied by Bharata, Shatrughna, Lakshmana and Vibhishana. Nine thousand elephants follow the procession, with Sugreeva and other monkeys mounted on them. Some attendants and musicians with their musical instruments walk in front of Rama's procession. The citizens of Ayodhya host flags on every house. Rama returns to his paternal palace in Ayodhya. Sugreeva orders four of his monkeys to bring water from four oceans in jars given to them. Some monkeys brought water from five hundred rivers, as also from the four oceans for the purpose of the ceremony. Vasishta along with other brahmins as priests caused Rama to be consecrated with that water. The virgins, ministers, warriors, merchants, the four gods as well as other gods sprinkled sap of all kinds of herbs on Rama. Vasishta and other priests officiating the coronation-ceremony adorned Rama with an auspicious and charming crown. Then, Rama gives away presents to the priests as well as Sugreeva and Angada. Rama presents a pearl-necklace to Seetha and Seetha presents that necklace in turn to Hanuma. Rama further gives away presents to Vibhishana, Sugreeva, Jambavan and others on the occasion. Rama bids farewell to monkeys. The glory of the epic is complemented in the end by Valmiki.
çirasyaïjalimädäya kaikeyénandivardhanaù |
babhäñe bharato jyeñöhan rämaà satyaparäkramam || 6-128-1
1. bharataH= Bharata; kaikeyyaanandavardhanaH= the enhancer of Kaikeyi’s happiness; babhaaShe= spoke; raamam= to Rama; jyeShTham= his eldest brother; satyaparaakramam= the truly brave man; aadhyaaya= placing; aN^jalim= his open hands placed side by side together and slightly hallowed; shirasi= on his head (as a token of salutation).
Placing his hallowed hands together on his head (as a mark of salutation), Bharata the enhancer of Kaikeyi's happiness, spoke to the truly brave Rama, his elder brother (as follows):
püjitä mämikä mätä dattan räjyamidaà mama |
taddadämi punastubhyan yathä tvamadadä mama || 6-128-2
2. maamikaa= my; maataalator= mother; puujitaa= was treated respectfully; idam raajyam= this kingdom; dattam= was given; mama= to me; yathaa= as; tvam= you; adadaaH= gave; tat= it; mama= to me (in the same manner); dadaami= I am giving (it); tubhyam= for you; punaH= again.
"You gave this kingdom to me and treated my mother's words respectfully. As you gave it to me then, in the same way I am giving it to you again.
dhuramekäkinä nyastämåñabheëa baléyasä |
kiçoravadguruà bhäraà na voòhumahamutsahe || 6-128-3
3. aham= I; na utsahe= cannot; voDhum= burden; kishoravat= (anymore then) a yong ox; (would sustain); dhuram= a load; nyastaam= carried forward; baliiyasaa= by a strong; vR^iShabheNa= bull; ekaakinaa= all alone.
I cannot carry this heavy burden anymore than a young ox would sustain a load, carried forward by a strong bull all alone."
värivegena mahatä bhinnaù seturiva kñaran |
durbandhanamidaà manye räjyacchidramasanvåtam || 6-128-4
4. manye= I think; idam= this; raajyachchhidram= weak point in administration of the kingdom; asamvR^itam= which is uncovered; durbandhanam= is difficult to be controlled; bhinnaH= seturiva= as a broken dam; kSharan= seeping from its cracks; mahataa= vaasivegena= (when breached) by a mammoth stream of water.
"I think this venerable point in the form of administration of the kingdom is difficult to be controlled, as a broken dam, seeping from its cracks when breached mammoth stream of water.
gatià khara iväçvasya hansasyeva ca väyasaù |
nänvetumutsahe deva tava märgamarindama || 6-128-5
5. arimdamaviira= O hero, the annihilator of enemies!; na utsahe= I am not able; anvetum= to follow; tavamaargam= your path; iva= any more than; kharaH= a donkey; gatim= (would follow) the gallop; ashvasya= of a horse; vaayasaH= and a cow; hamsasyeva= (would take up), the chase of a wild goose.
O hero, the annihilator of enemies! I am not able to follow your path, any more than a donkey would follow the gallop of a horse or a crow would take up the chase of a wild goose."
yathä ca ropito våkño jätaçcäntarniveçane |
mahäàçca suduräroho mahäskandhaù praçäkhavän || 6-128-6
çéryeta puñpito bhütvä na phaläni pradarçayet |
tasya nänubhavedarthan yasya hetoù sa ropyate || 6-128-7
eñopamä mahäbäho tvamarthan vettumarhasi |
yadyasmänmanujendra tvaà bhaktänbhåtyänna çädhi hi || 6-128-8
6-8. mahaabaaho= O mighty armed; manujendra= king!; yathaa= how; vR^ikShaH= a tree; aaropitaH= planted; antarniveshane= in the black-yard of one’s own house; jaataH api= even though grown; big; duraarohaH= and difficult to climb; mahaaskandhaH= with a huge trunk; prashaakhavaan= and large branches; na pradarshayan= does not yield; phalaani= fruits; shiiryeta= and dries up; puShpitaH bhuutvaa= after flowering; saH= he (who planted it); naanubhavet= would not enjoy; tasya artham= its object; yasya hetoH= the fruit for which; ropitaH= it was planted; eShaa= this; upamaa= is the analogy (applied to you); tvam yadi= if you; bhartaa= as a master; na shaadhihi naH= would not indeed rule over us; bhR^ityaan= your servents; tvam= you; vettumarhasi= can understand; artham= the meaning.
"O mighty armed king! How a tree planted in the back yard of one's own house, even though grown big and difficult to climb with a huge trunk and large branches, does not yield fruits but dries up after flowering, he who planted it would not enjoy the fruit for which it was planted. This is the analogy applied to you, if you, as a Master, would not indeed rule over us, your servants. You can understand the meaning."
jagadadyäbhiñiktan tvämanupaçyatu sarvataù |
pratapantamivädityaà madhyähne déptatejasaà || 6-128-9
9. raaghava= O Rama!; adya= today; jagat= (let) the world; anupashyati= see; tvaam= you; abhiShiktam= crowned; aadityamiva= like the sun; diipta tejasam= with flowing splendor; pratapantam= shining brilliantly; madhyaahne= at noon.
"O Rama! Today, let the world see you when crowned, like the sun with its glowing splendour, shining brilliantly at noon.
türyasaìghätanirghoñaiù käïcénüpuranisvanaiù |
madhurairgétaçabdaiçca pratibudhyasva çeñva ca || 6-128-10
10. sheShva cha= may you relax; pratibudhyasva= and wake-up too; tuurya samghaata nirghoShaiH= to the sounds of an ensemble of musical instruments; kaaNchiinuupura niH svanaiH= noise of ornaments strung with tiny bells and worn around the waist and anklets; madhuraiH= and sweet; giita shabdaishcha= invocation of songs.
May you relax and wake-up too, to the sounds of an ensemble of musical instruments, the tinkling of ornaments strung with tiny bells and worn around the waist and anklets as well as sweet invocation of songs.
yävadävartate cakran yävaté ca vasundharä |
tävattvamiha sarvasya svämitvamabhivartaya || 6-128-11
11. tvam= you; anuvartaya= look after; svaamitvam= the lordship; lokasya= of the world; iha= here; yaavat= as long as; chakram= the stellar sphere; aavartate= revolves; yaavat= and so far as; vasumdharaa= the earth; taavat= is so much.
Look after, you, lordship of world here, as long as the stellar sphere revolves and so far as the earth is spread out."
bharatasya vacaù çrutvä rämaù parapuraïjayaù |
tatheti pratijagräha niñasädäsane çubhe || 6-128-12
12. shrutvaa= hearing; vachaH= the words; bharatasya= of Bharata; ramaH= Rama; para puramjayaH= who conquered the cities of adversaries; pratijagraaha= accepted; tatheeti= saying; “Be it so”; niShasaada= and sat; shubhe= on the auspicious; aasane= seat.
Hearing the words of Bharata, Rama who conquered the cities of adversaries, accepted his words saying "Be it so" and sat on an auspicious seat.
tataù çatrughnavacanännipuëäù çmaçruvardhakäù |
sukhahastäù suçéghräçca räghavaà paryupäsata || 6-128-13
13. tataH= thereafter; shatrughna vachanaat= on instructions from Shatrughna; nipuNaaH= skilled; shmashruvadhanaaH= barbers; sukha hastaaH= with gentle hands; sushiighraashcha= who can do with a good speed; parya vaarayan= encircled; raaghavam= Rama. (all round).
Thereafter, on instructions from Shatrughna, skilled barbers with gentle hands who can do their work with a good speed, encircled Rama all round.
pürvan tu bharate snäte lakñmaëe ca mahäbale |
sugréve vänarendre ca räkñasendre vibhéñaëe || 6-128-14
viçodhitajaöaù snätaçcitramälyänulepanaù |
mahärhavasanopetastasthau tatra çriyä jvalan || 6-128-15
14-15. bharate= Bharata; snaate= having bathed; puurvam= first; mahaabale= the mighty; lakShmaNe cha= Lakshmana; sugriive= Sugreeva; vaanarendre= the lord of monkeys; vibhiiShaNe= and Vibhishana; raakShasendra= the king of demons; (took bath); (Rama) vishodhitajaTaH= had his matted locks disentangled; snaataaH= and bathed; tasthau= (He) stood; tatra= there; jvaalan= shining; shriyaa= with splendor; chitra maalyaanulepanaH= adorned with picturesque garlands and smeared with sandal pastes of various colours; mahaarha vasanopetaH= and clothed in costly raiment.
Bharata, having bathed first, the mighty Lakshmana, Sugreeva the lord of monkeys and Vibhishana the king of demons took bath. Rama had his matted locks disentangled and bathed. He stood there, shining with splendour, adorned with picturesque garlands, smeared with sandal pastes of various colours and clothed in costly raiment.
pratikarma ca rämasya kärayämäsa véryavän |
lakñmaëasya ca lakñmévänikñväkukulavardhanaù || 6-128-16
16. (Shatrughna); viiryavaan= the valiant; lakShmiivaan= and charming man; ikShvaakukula vardhanaH= the promoter of Ikshvaku dynasty; kaarayaamaasa= caused to do; pratikarma= personal adornment; raamasya= of Rama; lakShmaNasya= and of Lakshmana.
Shatrughna, the valiant and charming man, the promoter of Ikshvaku dynasty made arrangements for personal adornment of Rama and Lakshmana.
pratikarma ca sétäyäù sarvä daçarathastriyaù |
ätmanaiva tadä cakrurmanasvinyo manoharam || 6-128-17
17. tadaa= then; sarvaaH= all; manasvinyaH= the noble-minded; dasharathastriyaH= wives of Dasaratha; aatmanaiva= indeed themselves; chakruH= made; manoharam= a beautiful; pratikarma= decoration; svitaayaah= of seetha.
Then, all the noble-minded widows of Dasaratha indeed themselves personally adorned Seetha beautifully.
tato räghavapatnénän sarväsämeva çobhanam |
cakära yatnätkausalyä prahåñöä putravatsalä || 6-128-18
18. tataH= thereupon; prahR^iShTaa= the delightful; kausalyaa= Kausalya; putravatsalaa= who was affectionate of her sons; chakaara= made; shobhanam= a charming decoration; sarvaasaam= to all; vaanarapatniinaam= the wives of monkeys; yatnaat= with zeal.
Thereupon, the delightful Kausalya, who was affectionate of her sons, adorned with zeal all the wives of monkeys.
tataù çatrughnavacanätsumantro näma särathiù |
yojayitväbhicakräma rathan sarväìgaçobhanam || 6-128-19
19. tataH= later; saarathiH= the charioteer; sumantro naama= by name, Sumantra; shatrughnavachanaat= on the orders of Shatrughna; abhichakraama= approached; yojayitvaa= yoking; ratham= chariot (to horses); sarvaaNga shobhanam= completely beautiful in all respects.
Later, on the orders of Shatrughna, the charioteer by name Sumantra made his appearance, yoking chariot to horses which were completely beautiful in all respects.
arkamaëòalasaìkäçan divyaà dåñövä rathan sthitam |
äruroha mahäbähü rämaù satyaparäkramaù || 6-128-20
20. dR^iShTvaa= seeing; divyam= the charming; ratham= chariot; arkamaNDalasamkaasham= which emitted immaculate splendor like that of the sun; sthitam= standing; (before him); mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; raamaH= rama; parapuramjayaH= the conqueror of hostile cities; aaruroha= ascended it.
Seeing the charming chariot, which emitted immaculate splendour like that of the sun, standing before him, the mighty armed Rama, the conqueror of hostile cities, ascended it.
sugrévo hanumäàçcaiva mahendrasadåçadyuté |
snätau divyanibhairvastrairjagmatuù çubhakuëòalau || 6-128-21
21. sugriivaH= Sugreeva; hanumaamshchaiva= and Hanuma; mahendra sadR^ishadyutii= having a splendor similar to that of Indra the lord of celestials; snaatau= after taking bath; jagmatuH= started; divyanibhaiHvastraiH= wearing beautiful raiments; shubhakuN^DalaiH= and sparkling ear-rings.
Sugreeva and Hanuma, having splendour similar to that of Indra the lord of celestials, after taking their bat, wore beautiful raiment as well as sparkling ear rings and started.
sarväbharaëajuñöäçca yayustäù çubhakuëòaläù |
sugrévapatnyäù sétä ca drañöuà nagaramutsukäù || 6-128-22
22. sarvaabharaNa juShTaaH= endowed with all types of ornaments; shubhakuNDalaaH= and charming ear-rings; taaH= those; sugriiva= and Seetha; yayuH= moved out; usukaaH= longing; draShTum= to see; nagaram= the city.
Endowed with all types of ornaments as well as charming ear-rings, those wives of Sugreeva together with Seetha moved out, longing as they were, to see the city.
ayodhyäyän tu sacivä räjïo daçarathasya ca |
purohitaà puraskåtya mantrayämäsurarthavat || 6-128-23
23. ayodhyaayaam tu=; in Ayodhya; sachivaaH= the ministers; raaJNaH dasharathasya= of King Dasaratha; puraskR^it purohitam= having placed the priest in their front; mantrayaamaasa= planned (everything); arthavat= meaningfully.
In Ayodhya, the ministers of king Dasaratha, having placed the priest in their front, planned everything meaningfully.
açoko vijayaçcaiva siddhärthaçca samähitäù |
mantrayanrämavåddhyarthan våttyarthaà nagarasya ca || 6-128-24
24. ashokaH= Ashoka; vijayashchaiva= Vijaya; siddhaardhashcha= and Siddhartha; samaahitaaH= with a great attention; mantrayan= discussed; raamavR^iddhyartham= about Rama’s well-being; nagarsya R^idhyartham= and the prosperity to do.
Ashoka, Vijaya and Siddhartha, with a great concern, discussed about Rama's advancement and the prosperity of the City.
sarvameväbhiñekärthan jayärhasya mahätmanaù |
kartumarhatha rämasya yadyanmaìgalapürvakam || 6-128-25
25. arhatha= you ought; kartum= to do; maN^gala puurvakam= auspiciously; yadyat sarvam= all that is required; abhiShekaartham= for the coronation; mahaatmanaH raamasya= of the great souled Rama; jayaarhasya= worthy of victory.
"You ought to do auspiciously whatever is required for the coronation of the great-souled Rama, worthy of victory."
iti te mantriëaù sarve sandiçya tu purohitam
nagaränniryayustürëan rämadarçanabuddhayaù || 6-128-26
26. samdishya= advising; purohitam= advising; purohitam= the priest; iti= in this way; sarve= all; te= those; mantriNaH= ministers; tuurNam= quickly; niryayuH= started; nagaraat= from the city; raamadarshana bddhayaH= with an intention to see Rama.
Advising the priest in this way, all those ministers quickly started from the city, with an intention to see Rama.
hariyuktan sahasräkño rathamindra ivänaghaù |
prayayau rathamästhäya rämo nagaramuttamam || 6-128-27
27. anaghaH= the faultless; raamaH= Rama; aasthaaya= mounting; uttamam= the excellent; rathm= chariot; sahasraakShaH= indraH iva= as the thousand-eyed Indra; ratham= (ascended) the chariot; hariyuktam= yoked to green-coloured horses; prayayau= and sallied forth; nagaram= to the city.
The faultless Rama, mounting the excellent chariot, as Indra ascended the chariot yoked to green-coloured horses, sallied forth to the city.
jagräha bharato raçméïçatrughnaçchatramädade |
lakñmaëo vyajanan tasya mürdhni samparyavéjayat || 6-128-28
çvetan ca välavyajanan sugrévo vänareçvaraù |
aparan candrasaìkäçan räkñasendro vibhéñaëaù || 6-128-29
28-29. bharataH= Bharata; jagraaha= took up; rashmiin= the reins; shatrughnaH= Shatrughna= aadade= held; chhatram= the parasol; tasya muurdhni= on Rama’s head; lakShmaNaH= Lakshmana; samparyaviijayat= winnowed; vyajanam= a fan; vibhiiShaNaH= Vibhishana; raakShhasendra= the king of demons; paritaH sthitaH= standing nearby; jagR^ihe= held; aparam= another; shvetam= white; vaalavyajanam= fan; chandrasamkaasham= shining brightly as the moon.
Bharata took up the reins. Shatrughna held the parasol on Rama's head. Lakshmana winnowed a fan. Vibhishana, the king of demons standing nearby, held a white fan, shining brilliantly like the moon.
åñisaìghairtadäkäçe devaiçca samarudgaëaiù |
stüyamänasya rämasya çuçruve madhuradhvaniù || 6-128-30
30. tadaa= then; R^iShisamghaiH= by the groups of sages; devaishcha= celestials; samarudyaNaiH= along with troop of the Maruts, the host of the gods; raamasya= Rama; stuuyamaanasya= was being praised; aakaashe= in the sky; madhuradhvaniH= and sweet reverberation; shushruve= was heard.
Then, in the sky, groups of sages, celestials along with troop of the Maruts, the host of the gods, praised Rama and sweet reverberation was heard.
tataù çatruïjayaà näma kuïjaraà parvatopamam |
äruroha mahätejäù sugrévo vänareçvaraù || 6-128-31
31. tataH= thereupon; sugriivaH= Sugreeva; plavagarShabhaH= the foremost of monkeys; mahaatejaaH= possessing a great splendor; aaruroha= mounted; kuN^jaram= an elephant; shatrumjayanaama= name Shatrunjaya; parvatopamam= looking like a mountain.
Thereupon, Sugreeva, the foremost of monkeys, possessing a great splendor, mounted an elephant named Shatrunjaya, looking like a mountain.
navanägasahasräëi yayurästhäya vänaräù |
mänuñan vigrahan kåtvä sarväbharaëabhüñitäù || 6-128-32
32. vaanaraaH= Mokneys; maanuShaM vigraham kR^itvaa= assuming human forms; sarvaabharaNabhuuShitaaH= and adorned with all types of ornaments; yayuH= sallied forth; aasthaaya= mounting; navanaagasahasraani= on nine thousand elephants.
Assuming human forms and adorned with all types of ornaments, monkeys sallied forth, mounting on mine thousand elephants.
çaìkhaçabdapraëädaiçca dundubhénän ca nisvanaiù |
prayayü puruñavyäghrastäà purén harmyamäliném || 6-128-33
33. puruShavyaaghraH= Rama, the foremost shaNkhashabda praNaadaishcha= with sounds of couches among men buzzing in the ear; niH svanaiH cha= and sounds; dundubhiinaam= of kettle drums; prayayau= proceeded; taam puriim= to that City of Ayodhya; harmya maaliniim= having a series of palaces.
Rama, the foremost among men, accompanied by sounds of conches buzzing in the ears and sounds of kettle-drums, proceeded to the city of Ayodhya, having a series of palaces.
dadåçuste samäyäntan räghavaà sapuraùsaram |
viräjamänan vapuñä rathenätirathan tadä || 6-128-34
34. tadaa= then; te= they (the people of Ayodhya); dadR^ishuH= saw; viraajamaanam vapuShaa= having a beautiful form; atiratham= the great chariot-warrior; samaayantam= arriving; rathena= on a chariot; sapuraH saram= with attendants proceeding in advance.
Then, the people of Ayodhya saw Rama, the chariot warrior, having a beautiful form, arriving on a chariot, with attendants walking in front.
te vardhayitvä käkutsthan rämeëa pratinanditäù |
anujagmurmahätmänaà bhrätåbhiù pariväritam || 6-128-35
35. vardhayitvaa= felicitating; kaakutthsam= Rama; pratinanditaaH= and greeted joyously in return; raameNa= by Rama; te= they; anujagmuH= followed; mahaatmaanam= the great souled Rama; parivaaritam= who was surrounded; bhraatrubhiH= by his brothers.
Felicitating Rama and greeted in reciprocation by Rama, they followed the great souled Rama, who was surrounded by his brothers.
amätyairbrähmaëaiçcaiva tathä prakåtibhirvåtaù |
çriyä viruruce rämo nakñatrairiva candramäù || 6-128-36
36. vR^itaH surrounded; amaatyaih= by ministers; braahmaNashchaiva= Brahmanas; tathaa= and; prakR^itibhiH= (other) citizens; raamaH= Rama; viruriche= shone; shriyaa= with his own brilliance; chandramaaH iva= like the moon; nakShatraiH= among the stars.
Surrounded by ministers, brahamanas and other citizens, Rama shone with his own brilliance, like the moon among the stars.
sa purogämibhistüryaistälasvastikapäëibhiù |
pravyäharadbhirmuditairmaìgaläni yayau våtaù || 6-128-37
37. saH= that Rama; yayau= drove; vR^itaH= surrounded; muditaiH= by musicians; tuuryaiH= with musical instruments; taala svastika paNibhiH= cymbals and swastika-instruments of music in their hands; purogamibhiH= walking in front; pravyaaharadbhiH= and uttering; maN^galaani= auspicious songs.
That Rama drove, surrounded by musicians having musical instruments cymbals and Swastika-musical instruments in their hands walking in front and uttering auspicious songs.
akñatan jätarüpaà ca gävaù kanyästathä dvijäù |
narä modakahastäçca rämasya purato yayuù || 6-128-38
38. naraaH= men; akStam= with grains of rice; jaataruupamcha= appearing gold in colour; gaavaH= cows; kanyaaH= maidens; sahadvijaaH= along with brahmanas; modakahastaaH= having balls of sweets in their hands; yayuH= went; purataH= in front; raamasya= of Rama.
Men with grains of rice mixed with turmeric and thereby appearing gold in colour, cows, maidens along with brahmanas having balls of sweets in their hands, walked in front of Rama.
sakhyan ca rämaù sugréve prabhävaà cänilätmaje |
vänaräëän ca tatkarma vyäcacakñeatha mantriëäm || 6-128-39
39. atha= thn; raamah= Rama; aachachakShe= narrated; sugriiva sakhyamcha= about his friendship established with Sugreeva; prabhaaramcha= the power; anilaatmaje= of hanuma; tat karma cha= and that great act; vaanaraaNaam= of monkeys; mantriNaam= to his ministers.
Then, Rama narrated about his friendship established with Sugreeva, the power of Hanuma and the great act of monkeys to his ministers.
çrutvä ca vismayan jagmurayodhyäpuraväsinaù |
vänaräëäà ca tatkarma räkñasänäà ca tadbalam || 6-128-40
40. shrutvaa= hearing; tat= that; karma= act; vaanaraaNaam= of monkeys; tat balamcha= and that strength; raakShasaanaam= of the demons; ayodhya puravaasinaH= the citizens of Ayodhya; vismayaH jagmuH= were astonished.
Hearing the well-known achievement monkeys and the commonly known strength of the demons, the citizens of Ayodhya were astonished.
vibhéñaëasya saàyogamäcacakñe'tha mantriëäm |
dyutimänetadäkhyäya rämo vänarasanvåtaù || 6-128-41
håñöapuñöajanäkérëämayodhyäà praviveça ha |
41. atha= then; aachachakShe= (Rama) spoke; mantriNaam= to his counselors; vibhiiShaNasya samyogam= about his meeting with Vibhishana; aakhyaaya= after recounting; etat= it; saH dyutimaan raamaH= that resplendent Rama; pravivesha= entered; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; hR^iShTa puShTa janaakiirNaam= crowded with rejoiced and happy people; vaanarasamyutaH= together with the monkeys.
Then, Rama spoke to his counselors about his meeting with Vibhishana. After recounting it, the resplendent Rama entered Ayodhya crowded with happy and rejoiced people, together with the monkeys.
tato hyabhyucchrayanpauräù patäkäste gåhe gåhe || 6-128-42
aikñväkädhyuñitan ramyamäsasäda piturgåham |
42. tataH= then; pauraH= the citizens; abhyuchchhrayan= hoisted; pataakaaH= flags; gR^ihe gR^ihe= on every house; aasasaada= (Rama) reached; ramyam= the beautiful; gR^iham= palace; pituH= of his father; aikShvaakaadhyushitam= occupied by Ikshvaku kings.
Then, the citizens hoisted flags on every house. Rama reached the beautiful palace, paternal occupied by Ikshvaku kings.
athäbravédräjaputro bharataà dharmiëäà varam || 6-128-43
arthopahitayä väcä madhuraà raghunandanaù |
piturbhavanamäsädya praviçya ca mahätmanaù || 6-128-44
kausalyän ca sumiträà ca kaikeyéà cäbhyavädayat |
43-44. atha= then; raghunanadanaH= Rama; raajaputraH= the princh; aasaadya= approaching; pravishya= and entering; bhavanam= the palace; mahaatmanaH= of the great souled; pituH= father; abhivaadya= offering salutation; kausalyaamcha= to Kausalya; sumitraamcha= Sumitra; kaikeyiimcha= and Kaikeyi; abraviit= and spoke; madhuram= (the following) sweet; arthopahitayaa= and somewhat meaningful; vaachaa= words; bharatam= to Bharata; dharmiNaam varam= the foremost among the righteous.
Approaching and entering the palace of the great-souled father, Rama the prince offered salutation to Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi and spoke the following sweet and meaningful words to Bharata, the foremost among the righteous:
tacca madbhavanan çreñöhaà säçokavanikaà mahat || 6-128-45
muktävaidüryasaìkérëan sugrévasya nivedaya |
45. nivedaya= give; tat= that; mahat= great; madbhavanam= palace of mine; shreShTham= which is excellent; saashokavanikam= with Ashoka garden; muktaavaiduurya samkiirNam= and consisting of pearls and cat’s eye gems; sugriivaaya= to Sugreeva (for his stay).
"Give this great palace of mine which looks excellent with Ashoka garden and consisting of pearls and cat's eye-gems to Sugreeva for his stay."
tasya tadvacanan çrutvä bharataù satyavikramaù || 6-128-46
haste gåhétvä sugrévaà praviveça tamälayam |
46. shrutvaa= hearing; tat vachanam= those words; tasya= of Rama; bharataH= Bharata; satya vikramaH= having a true prowess; gR^ihiitvaa= holding; sugriivam= Sugreeva; haste= by his hand; pravivesha= entered; tam aalayam= that house; tataH= then.
Hearing those words of Rama, Bharata having a true prowess, holding Sugreeva by his hand, entered that house.
tatastailapradépäàçca paryaìkästaraëäni ca || 6-128-47
gåhétvä viviçuù kñipraà çatrughnena pracoditäù |
47. tataH= thereupon; prachoditaaH= some men ordered; shatrughnena= by Shatrughna; gR^ihiitvaa= taking; kShipram= quickly; tailapradiipaamsheha= oil lamps; paryaNkaastaraNaanicha= beds and mats; vivishuH= entered (the house).
Thereupon, some men as ordered by Shatrughna, quickly brought oil lamps, beds as also mats and entered the house.
uväca ca mahätejäù sugrévan räghavänujaù || 6-128-48
abhiñekäya rämasya dütänäjïäpaya prabho |
48. raaghavaanujaH= Bharata; mahaatejaaH= of great splendor; uvaacha cha= spoke; sugriivam= to Sugreeva; aajJNaapaya= order; duutaan= the messengers; raamasya abhiShekaaya= for the coronation of Rama; prabho= O capable person!.
Bharata of great splendour spoke to Sugreeva as follows: "O capable person! Order the messengers to make arrangements for Rama's coronation."
sauvarëänvänarendräëän caturëäà caturo ghaöän || 6-128-49
dadau kñipran sa sugrévaù sarvaratnavibhüñitän |
49. saH= that; sugriivaH= Sugreeva; kShipram= promptly; dadau= gave; chaturaH= four; sauvarNaan= golden ghaTaan= jars; sarva ratna vibhuuShitaan= set with jewels; chaturNaam vaanarendraaNaam= to four leaders of monkeys.
Sugreeva then gave four golden jars encrusted with jewels, to four leaders of monkeys.
yathä pratyüñasamaye caturëän sägarämbhasäm || 6-128-50
pürëairghaöaiù pratékñadhvan tathä kuruta vänaräù |
50. vaanaraaH= O monkuuShaeys!; kuruta= do; yathaa tathaa= in such a way that; pratiikShadhvam= you await (my orders tomorrow); pratyuuShasamaye= at down; ghaTaiH= with your water-jars; puurNaiH= filled with; oceans respectively.
"O monkeys! Get ready in such a way that you await my orders tomorrow at dawn, with your water-jars filled with water from the four oceans respectively."
evamuktä mahätmäno vänarä väraëopamäù || 6-128-51
utpeturgaganan çéghran garuòä iva çéghragäù |
51. mahaatmaanaH= the great souled; vaanaraaH= monkeys; varaNopamaaH= resembling elephants; shiighragaaH garuDaaH iva= and going speedily like eagles; uktaaH= who were spoken; evam= thus; utpetuH= leapt; shiighram= quickly; gaganam= into the sky.
The great souled monkeys, resembling elephants and going speedily like eagles, thus ordered by Sugreeva, leapt quickly into the sky.
jämbaväàçca hanümäàçca vegadarçé ca vänaraù || 6-128-52
åñabhaçcaiva kalaçäïjalapürëänathänayan |
nadéçatänäà païcänän jale kumbhairupäharan || 6-128-53
52-53. tataH= then; jaambavaamshcha= Jambavan; hanuumaamshcha= Hanuma; vaanarah= a monkey; vegadarshiicha= called Vegadarshi; R^iShabhashchaiva= and Rishabha; aanayan= brought; kalashaan= water-jars; jalapuurNaan= filled with water; upaaharan= (they) brought; jalam= water; nadiishataanaam paN^chaanaam= from five hundred rivers kumbhaiH= with (those) jars.
Jambavan, Hanuma, a monkey called Vegadarshi and Rishabha brought water-jars filled with water. They brought water from five hundred rivers with those jars.
pürvätsamudrätkalaçan jalapürëamathänayat |
suñeëaù sattvasampannaù sarvaratnavibhüñitam || 6-128-54
54. atha= thereafter; sattva sampannaH= the energetic; suSheNaH= Sushena; aanayat= brought; kalasham= a jar; jalapuurNam= filled with water; puurvaat samudraat= from the eastern sea; sarva ratna vibhuuShitam= and adorned with all types of precious stones.
Thereafter, the energetic SusheNa brought a jar, adorned with all types of precious stones, filled with water from the eastern sea.
åñabho dakñiëättürëan samudräjjalamäharat |
raktacandanakarpüraiù sanvåtan käïcanaà ghaöam || 6-128-55
55. R^iShabhaH= Rishabha; aanayat= brought; jalam= water; tuurNam= quickly; dakShiNaat samudraat= from the southern sea; kaaNchanam ghaTam= in a golden jar; samvR^taam= covered; raktachandanashaakhaabhiH= with stems of red-sandalwood tree.
Rishabha brought water quickly from the southern sea in a golden jar, covered with some stems of red sandal-wood tree.
gavayaù paçcimättoyamäjahära mahärëavät |
ratnakumbhena mahatä çétaà märutavikramaù || 6-128-56
56. gavayaH= Gavaya; maarutavikramaH= having a pace rapid as wind; aajahaara= brought; shiitam= cool; toyam= water; pashchimaatmahaarNavaat= from the western ocean; mahataa ratna kumbhena= in a large jar set with jewels.
Gavaya, having a pace as rapid as wind, brought cool water from the western ocean, in a large jar set with jewels.
uttaräcca jalan çéghran garuòänilavikramaù |
äjahära sa dharmätmä nalaù sarvaguëänvitaù || 6-128-57
57. saH dharmaatmaa nalaH= that virtuous Nala; garuDaanila vikramaH= who vied with Garuda (the king of birds) and the wind-god in prowess; sarvaguNaanvitaH= and who was endowed with all good qualities; aajahaara=brought; shiighram= swiftly; uttaraat= from the northern sea.
That virtuous Nala, who vied with Garuda (the king of birds) and the wind-god in prowess, and who was endowed with all good qualities, swiftly brought water form the northern sea.
tatasairvänaraçreñöhairänétaà prekñya tajjalam |
abhiñekäya rämasya çatrughnaù sacivaiù saha || 6-128-58
purohitäya çreñöhäya suhådbhyaç ca nyavedayat |
58. tataH= then; shatrughnaH= Shatrughna; sachivaiH saha= accompanied by the counselors; nyavedayat= reported; tat jalam= about that water; raamasya abhiShekaaya= itended for Rama’s coronation; aaniitam= brought; taih vaanara shreShThaiH= by those foremost of monkeys; shreShThaaya purohitaaya= to their chief priest; suhR^idbhyaH cha= and friends.
Then, Shatrughna, accompanied by the counsellors, reported to Vasishta, their chief priest and his friends, about that water intended for Rama's coronation brought by those foremost of monkeys.
tataù sa prayato våddho vasiñöho brähmaëaiù saha || 6-128-59
räman ratnamayo péöhe sahasétaà nyaveçayat |
59. tataH= then; vR^iddhaH= the elderly; vasiShThaH= Vasistha; prayataH= with diligence; braahmaNaiH sha= along with other Brahmins at his side; raamam samnyaveshayat= prevailed upon Rama duly to occupy; sasiitam= along with Seetha; ratnamaye precious stones.
The elderly Vasistha, with diligence, along with other brahmins on his side, prevailed upon Rama duly to occupy along with Seetha, on a seat made of precious stones.
vasiñöho vämadevaçca jäbäliratha käçyapaù || 6-128-60
kätyäyanaù suyajïaçca gautamo vijayastathä |
abhyañiïcannaravyäghraà prasannena sugandhinä || 6-128-61
salilena sahasräkñan vasavo väsavaà yathä |
60-61. vasiShThaH= Vasishta; vaamadevashcha= Vamadeva; jaabaaliH= Jabali; atha= and; kaashyapaH= Kashyapa; kaatyaayanaH= kaatyayana; suyajJNaH= Suyyagna; gautmaH= Gautama; tathaa= and; vijayaH= vijaya; abhyaShinchan= consecrated; nara vyaaghram= Rama, the tiger among men; prasannena= with clear; sugandhena= and fragrant; salilena= water; vasavaH iva= as the eight Vasus;* (consecrated) sahasraakSham= the thousand-eyed; vaasavam= Indra the lord of celestials.
Vasishta, Vamadeva, Kashyapa, Katyayana, Suyajna, Gautama and Vijaya consecrated Rama the tiger among men, with clear and fragrant water, as the eight Vasus*
* Eight Vasus: 1. Aapa (connected with water), 2. Dhruva the pole-star, 3. Soma the moon, 4. Dhara, 5. Anila, the wind, 6. Pavaka the fire, 7. Pratyusha, the Dawn , 8. Prabhasa the Light.
åtvigbhirbrähmaëaiù pürvan kanyäbhirmantribhistathä || 6-128-62
yodhaiçcaiväbhyañiïcanste samprahåñöäù sanaigamaiù |
sarvauñadhirasaiçcäpi daivatairnabhasi sthitaiù || 6-128-63
caturhirlokapälaiçca sarvairdevaiçca saìgataiù |
62-63. te samprahR^iShTaaH= they, with much delight; abhyaShimchan= got him consecrated; puurvam= first; braahmaNaiH= by brahmanas; R^itvigbhiH= officiating as priests; tathaa= and; kanyaabhiH= by virgins; mantribhiH= ministers; yodhaishcha= warriors; sanaigamaiH= as well as merchants; sarvauShadhirasaishchaapi= and of all kinds of medicinal herbs; chaturbhiH devaiH= by the four gods; lokapaalaishcha= the guardians of the world; sthitaiH= standing; nabhasi= in the air; sarvaiH devaishcha= and by all other gods; samgataiH= assembled there.
Vasishta and others, with much delight got him consecrated first, with brahmanas officiating as priests and by virgins, ministers, warriors, as well as merchants sprinkling the sap of all kinds of medicinal herbs, with the four gods the guardians of the worlds, standing in the air and with all the gods assembled there, sprinkling the sap on Rama.
brahmaëä nirmitaà pürvaà kiréöaà ratnaçobhitam || 6-128-64
abhiñiktaù purä yena manustaà déptatejasam |
tasyänvaväye räjänaù kramädyenäbhiñecitäù || 6-128-65
sabhäyäà hemakluptäyäà çobhitäyäà mahädhanaiù |
ratnairnänävidhaiçcaiva citritäyäà suçobhanaiù || 6-128-66
nänäratnamaye péöhe kalpayitvä yathävidhi |
kiréöena tataù paçcädvasiñöhena mahätmanä || 6-128-67
åtvigbhirbhüñaëaiçcaiva samayokñyata räghavaù |
64-67. yena= with which crown; puraa= long ago; manuH= Manu, the emperor; abhiShiktaH= was adorned when he was coronated; yena= and with which; tasya anvavaaye raajaanaH= the kings who followed in his line; kramedyenaa (abhiShechitaaH= were successively adorned when they were coronated; tam kiriiTam= that crown; ratnashobhitam= studded with precious stones; nirmitam fashioned; brahmaNaa= by Brahma; puurvam= at the beginning of creation; diipta tejassam= and dazzling with splendor; kalpayitvaa= being kept; yathaa vidhi= according to rule; piiThe= on a throne; naanaaratnamaye= adorned with many kinds of precious stones; sabhaayaam= in the council-hall; hemakluptaayaam= studded with gold; shobhitaayaam= graced; mahaadhanaiH= with abundant riches; chitritaayaam= decorated; shobhitaayaam= and shiningly fabricated; sushobhanaiH= with most charming; ratnaiH= jewels; naanaavidhaiH= of various kinds; tataH pashchaat= and thereafter; raaghavaH= Rama; samayokShyata= duly adorned; kiriiTena= by the crown; bhuuShaNaishchaiva= and jewels; mahaatmanaa vasiShTena= by the great-souled Vaishta; R^itvigbhiH= and other priests officiating at the coronation-ceremony.
With which crown, long ago, Manu the emperor was adorned while he was consecrated and with which, the kings followed in his line were successively adorned while they were coronated, that crown studded with precious jewels, fashioned by Brahma at the beginning of creation and dazzling with splendour, being kept according to practice on a throne adorned with many kinds of precious stones in the council-hall, studded with gold, graced with abundant riches, decorated and shiningly made with most charming jewels of various kinds, and thereafter Rama duly adorned by that crown as well as jewels by the great-souled Vasishta and other priests officiating at the coronation-ceremony.
chatraà tasya ca jagräha çatrughnaù päëòuran çubham || 6-128-68
çvetan ca välavyajanan sugrévo vänareçvaraù |
aparan candrasaìkäçan räkñasendro vibhéñaëaù || 6-128-69
68-69.= shatrughnaH= Shatrughna; jagraaha= held; tasya= over him; paaN^Duram= a white; shubham= and charming; chhatram= parasol; sugriivaH= Sugreeva; vaanareshvaraH= the king of monkeys; shvetam= a white; vaalavyajanam= whisk; vibhiishaNaH= and Vibhishna; raakShasendraH= the lord of demons; apramcha= another whisk; Chandra samkaasham= (shining) like the moon.
Shatrughna held over him, a white and charming parasol; Sugreeva the king of monkeys, a white whisk and vibhishana the lord of demons, another whisk shining like the moon.
mälän jvalantén vapuñä käïcanéà çatapuñkaräm |
räghaväya dadau väyurväsavena pracoditaù || 6-128-70
70. prachodita= encouraged; vaasavena= by Indra the lord of celestials; vaayuH= the wind-god; dadau= presented; raaghavaaya= to Rama; kaan^chaniim maalaam= a golden garland; shatapuShkaraam= having a hundred lotuses; jvalantiim= and of a shining; vapuShaa= form.
Encouraged by Indra, the lord of celestials, the wind-god presented to Rama, a golden garland consisting of a hundred lotuses and which looked shining brilliantly.
sarvaratnasamäyuktaà maëiratnavibhüñitam |
muktähäraà narendräya dadau çakrapracoditaù || 6-128-71
71. shakra prachoditaH= induced by Indra; (the wind-god); dadau= presented; narendraaya= to the king; muktaahaaram= a chain of pearls; vibhuuShitam= decorated; maNibhishcha= with gems; sarva ratna samaayuktam= and endowed with several types of precious stones.
Induced by Indra, the wind-god presented to Rama the king, a chain of pearls, adorned with gems and endowed with several types of precious stones.
prajagurdevagandharvä nanåtuçcäpsaro gaëäù |
abhiñeke tadarhasya tadä rämasya dhémataù || 6-128-72
72. dhiimataH raamasya abhiSheke= at that time of coronation-ceremony of intelligent Rama; tadarshasya= who was deserving it; devagandharvaaH= the celestial musicians among the celestials; prajaguH= gracefully sang; apsarogaNaaH= and troups of Apsaras (celestial nymphs); nanR^ituH= danced.
On that occasion of the coronation-ceremony of the intelligent Rama, who was well-deserving it, the celestial-musicians among the celestials gracefully sang and troupes of Apsaras (celestial nymphs) danced.
bhümiù sasyavaté caiva phalavantaçca pädapäù |
gandhavanti ca puñpäëi babhüvü räghavotsave || 6-128-73
73. raaghavotsave= on the occasion of that merriment (of coronation) to Rama; bhuumiH= the earth; sasyavatii= was bearing a rich crop paadapaaH= the trees; babhuuvaH phalavantashcha= were laden with fruits; puShpaaNi= and flowers; gandhavanti cha= endowed with fragrance.
On the occasion of that merriment of coronation to Rama, the earth was bearing a rich crop, the trees were laden with fruits and fragrant flowers.
sahasraçatamaçvänän dhenünäà ca gaväà tathä |
dadau çatan våñänpürvan dvijebhyo manujarñabhaù || 6-128-74
74. manujarShabhaH= Rama the foremost among men; puurvam= first; dadau= gave away; dvijebhyaH= to Brahmanas; sahasrashatam= a hundred thousand; ashvaanaam= horses; tathaa= and; gavaamcha= cows; dhenuunaam= that have lately calved; shatavR^iShaan= and a hundred bulls.
Rama the foremost among men, first gave away to Brahmanas, a hundred thousand horses and cows that have lately calved as well as a hundred bulls.
triàçatkoöérhiraëyasya brähmaëebhyo dadau punaù |
nänäbharaëavasträëi mahärhäëi ca räghavaù || 6-128-75
75. raaghavaH= Rama; punaH= again; dadau= gave; braahmaNebhyaH= to Brahmanas; trimshatkoTii= thirty crores; hiraNyesya= of gold coins; naanaa= all kinds; mahaarhaaNi= of very costly; aabharaNa vastraaNi= jewels and raiments.
Rama again gave to Brahmanas, thirty crores of gold coins, all kinds of very costly jewels and raiment.
arkaraçmipratékäçän käïcanéà maëivigrahäm |
sugréväya srajan divyäà präyacchanmanujarñabhaù || 6-128-76
76. manujaadhipaH= Rama; praayachchhat= gave; sugriivaaya= to Sugriiva; divyaam= a beautiful; kaaNchaniim= golden; srajam= chaplet; maNivigrahaam= studded with plenty of gems; arkarashmi pratiikaashaam= looking like a beam of sun-light.
Rama gave to Sugreeva, a beautiful chaplet, studded with plenty of gems, looking like a beam of sun-light.
vaidüryamaëicitre ca vajraratnavibhüñite |
väliputräya dhåtimänaìgadäyäìgade dadau || 6-128-77
77. dhR^itimaan= Rama, the joyful man; dadau= presented; aN^gadaaya= to Angada; vaaliputraay= the son of Vali; aN^gade= a bracelet worn on upper arm; vaiduuryamaya chitre cha= conspicuously studded with cat’s eye gems; maNiratna vibhuuShite= and adorned with jewels and gems.
The joyful Rama presented to Angada, the son of Vali, a bracelet worn on upper arm, conspicuously studded with cat's eye gems and adorned with jewels and gems.
maëipravarajuñöan ca muktähäramanuttamam |
sétäyai pradadau rämaçcandraraçmisamaprabham || 6-128-78
araje väsasé divye çubhänyäbharaëäni ca |
78. raamaH= Rama; pradadau= presented; siitaayai= to Seetha; anuttamam= an excellent; muktaahaaram= string of pearls; maNipravarajuShTam= furnished with superior gems; tam Chandra rashmi samaprabham= shining like that beam of moon-light; araje= clean; divye= and beautiful; vaasasii= (two) raiments; shubhaani aabharaanicha= and lovely ornaments.
Rama presented to Seetha, an excellent string of pearls, furnished with superior gems, shining like a beam of moon-light; two clean and beautiful raiment and lovely ornaments.
avekñamäëä vaidehé pradadau väyusünave || 6-128-79
avamucyätmanaù kaëöhäddhäran janakanandiné |
avaikñata harénsarvänbhartäran ca muhurmuhuù || 6-128-80
79-80. avekShya= looking towards; hanuumantam= Hanuma; plavaN^gamma= the monkey; maithilii= Seetha; janakanandinii= daughter of Janaka; avamuchya= taking off; haaram= the pearl-string; aatmanaH kaN^Thaat= from her neck; avaikShata= caught a glimpse of; sarvaan hariin= all the monkeys; bhartaaram cha= and her husband; muhurmuhuH= again and again.
Looking towards Hanuma the monkey, Seetha, daughter of Janaka, having taken off the pearl-string from her neck, repeatedly caught the glimpse of all the monkeys and her husband.
tämiìgitajïaù samprekñya babhäñe janakätmajäm |
pradehi subhage häran yasya tuñöäsi bhämini || 6-128-81
tejo dhåtiryaço däkñyaà sämarthyaà vinayo nayaù |
pauruñan vikramo buddhiryasminnetäni nityadä || 6-128-82
81-82. taam samprekShya= looking at her; iN^gitajJNaH= Rama, who was acquainted with the gesture of another; babhhaashe= spoke; taam jaanakaatmajam= to that Seetha (as follows): subhage bhaamini= O dear Seetha; yasya= with whom; tuShTaa asi= you are pleased; yasmin= in whom; tejaH= sharpness; dhR^itiH= firmness; yashuH= renown; daakShyam= dexterity; saamardhyam= competence; vinayaH= modesty; nayaH= prudence; pauruSham= virility; vikramah= prowess; buddhiH= and intelligence; etaani= these qualities; sarvadaa= are always there; (to him); pradehi= give; haaram= the pearl necklace.
Looking at her, Rama who was acquainted with the gesture of another spoke to Seetha as follows: "Dear Seetha! Give the pearl-necklace to a person, with whom you are pleased and in whom the following viz. sharpness, firmness, renown, dexterity, competence, modesty, prudence, virility, prowess and intelligence are ever present."
dadau sä väyuputräya tan häramasitekñaëä |
hanümänstena häreëa çuçubhe vänararñabhaù || 6-128-83
candräàçucayagaureëa çvetäbhreëa yathäcalaù |
83. asitekShanaa= the black-eyed; saa= Seetha; dadau= gave; tam= that necklace; vaayuputraaya= to Hanuma; hanuumaan= Hanuma; vaanaraamshu chaya gaureNa= which was white as a heap of beams of moonlight; shushubhe= shone brilliantly; achalaH yathaa= as a mountain (shone); shvetaabhreNa= silvered by a white cloud.
The black-eyed Seetha gave that pearl necklace to Hanuma. Hanuma, the foremost among the monkeys, by wearing that necklace, which was as white as a heap of moonlight-beams, shone brilliantly as a mountain silvered by a white cloud.
sarve vänaravåddhäçca ye cänye vänarottamäù || 6-128-84
väsobhirbhüñaëaiçcaiva yathärhaà pratipüjitäù |
84. sarve vaanara vR^iddhaashcha= all the elder ones among the monkeys; pratipuujitaaH= were honoured; vaashobhiH= with raiments; bhuuShaNaishchaiva= and ornaments; yathaarham= suitably.
All the elder ones among the monkeys and others, who were foremost among the moneys, were honoured suitably with raiment and ornaments.
tato dvivida maindäbhyäà néläya ca parantapaù || 6-128-85
sarvänkämaguëänvékñya pradadau vasudhädhipaù |
85. tataH= thereafter; vasudhaadhipaH= Rama; paramtapaH= the tormentator of enemies; viikShya= discerning; pradadau= presented; sarvaan= all; kaama guNaan= objects according to their inclinations; mainda dvividaabhyaam= niilaayacha= to mainda, Dvivida and Nila.
Thereafter, Rama the tormentator of enemies, having thought over, presented articles according to their inclinations, to Mainada, Dvivida and Nila.
vibhéñaëo'tha sugrévo hanumän jämbaväàstathä || 6-128-86
sarvavänaravåddhäçca rämeëäkliñöakarmaëä |
yathärhaà püjitäù sarve kämai ratnaiçca puñkalair || 6-128-87
prahåñöamanasaù sarve jagmureva yathägatam |
86-87. raameNa= by Rama; akliShTa karmaNaa= who was unwearied in action; vibhiishaNaH= Vibhishana; sugriivaH= Sugreeva; hanuman= Hanuma; tathaa= and; jaambavaan= Jambavan; sarve vaanaramukhyaashcha= and all the eminent monkeys; pratipuujitaaH= were honoured; yathaarhaiH= suitably; atha= then; kaamaiH= with their objects of desire; puShkalaiH ratnaiH= with abundant gifts; sarve= all of them; jagmureva= went back; yathaagatam= even as they came; prahR^ishTamanasaH= with rejoiced minds.
Rama, who was unwearied in action, then suitably honoured Vibhishana, Sugreeva, Hanuma, Jamabavan and all other eminent monkeys with desired objects and abundant gifts. All of them went back, delighted in mind even as they had come.
natvä sarve mahätmänastataste vänararñabhäù || 6-128-88
visåñöäù pärthivendreëa kiñkindhäà samupägaman |
88. tataH= thereafter; sarve= all; te= those; mahaatmanaH= great souled; vaanara rShabhaH= excellent mokeys; natvaa= offering their salutation; visR^iShTaaH= and being relieved; paarthivendreNa= by Rama; samupaagaman= reached; kiShkindhaam= Kishkindha.
Thereafter, all those excellent great souled monkeys, offering their salutation to Rama and getting permission from him, returned to Kishkindha.
sugrévo vänaraçreñöho dåñövä rämäbhiñecanam || 6-128-89
püjitaçcaiva rämeëa kiñkindhäà präviçatpurém |
89. dR^iShTvaa= having seen; raamaabhiShechanam= Rama’s coronation; sugriivaH= Sugreeva; vaanarashreShThaH= the chief of monkeys; puujitashchaiva= having been honoured; raameNa= by rama; praavishan= entered; kiShkindhaam puriim= the city of Kishkindha.
Having seen Rama's coronation-ceremony, Sugreeva the chief of monkeys, after getting honoured by Rama, entered the city of Kishkindha.
vibhéñaëo'pi dhrmätmä saha rairnairåtarñabhaiù || 6-128-90
labdhvä kuladhanaà räjä laìkäà präyän mahäyaçäù |
90. dharmaatmaa= the righteous; mahaayashaaH= and the renowned; raajaa= king; vibhiiShaNaH api= Vibhishana too; labdhvaa= after obtaining; kula dhanam= the treasure of the race (the kingdom of demons); taiH nairR^itarShabhaiH= with those foremost of demons; praayaat= returned; laN^kaam= to Lanka.
The righteous and the renowned king Vibhishana too, after obtaining the treasure of his race (kingdom of demons), followed by those foremost of demons, returned to Lanka.
sa räjyamakhilaà çäsannihatärirmahäyaçäù || 6-128-91
räghavaù paramodäraù çaçäsa parayä mudä |
uväca lakñmaëaà rämo dharmajïaà dharmavatsalaù || 6-128-92
91-92. saH mahaayashaaH= that renowned; raaghavaH= Rama; paramodaaraH= of a very generous nature; nihataariH= having destroyed his enemies; shaasan= and ruling; akhilam= the entire; raajyam= kingdom; shashaasa= enjoyed (it); parayaamudaa= with great delight; raamaH= Rama; dharmavatsalaH= affectionate of righteousness; uvaacha= spoke; lakShmaNam= to Lakshmana; dharmajJNaH= the knower of righteousness. (as follows).
That renowned Rama, of a very generous nature, having destroyed his enemies and ruling the entire kingdom, enjoyed it with a great delight. Rama, affectionate of righteousness, spoke to Lakshmana, the knower of righteousness (as followers):
ätiñöha dharmajïa mayä sahemäà |
gäà pürvaräjädhyuñitäà balena |
tulyaà mayä tvaà pitåbhirdhåtä yä |
täà yauvaräjye dhuramudvahasva || 6-128-93
93. dharmajJNa= O Lakshmana, the knower of what is right!; aatiShThaH= rule; mayaa saha= with me; imam= this; gaam= earth; puurva raajaadhyuShitaam= as ruled by the earlier kiings; balena= with the help of army; dhR^itaa= Installed; yauvaraajye= in the office of Prince Regent; tvam= you; udvahasva= bear; mayaa tulyam= like me; taam dhuram= that burden (of sovereignity); yaa= which (was borne); pitR^ibhiH= by our forefathers.
"O Lakshmana, the knower of what is right! Rule with me, this earth, as ruled by the earlier kings, with the help of an army. Installed in the office of Prince Regent, bear like me, the burden (of sovereignty), which was borne by our forefathers."
sarvätmanä paryanunéyamäno |
yadä na saumitrirupaiti yogam |
niyujyamäno' pi ca yävaräjye
tato'bhyañiïcadbharataà mahätmä || 6-128-94
94. sarvaatmanaa parhanuniiyamaanaH= eventhough in all ways, being repeatedly entreated; yadaa= when; saumitriH= Lakshmana; nopaiti= did not give; yogam= his consent; niyujyamaano.api= nay, even being appointed; yauvaraajye= to the office of prince Regent; mahaatmaa= the great-souled Rama; tataH= thereupon; abhyaShiNchat= consecrated; bharatam= Bharata.
When Lakshmana did not give his consent, even though being repeatedly entreated in all ways, nay even being appointed to the office of Prince Regent, the great-souled Rama thereupon consecrated Bharata.
pauëòarékäçvamedhäbhyän väjapeyena cäsakåt |
anyaiçca vividhairyajïairayajatpärthivarñabhaù || 6-128-95
95. paarthivaatmajaH= Rama; ayajat= propiated the gods; asakR^it= many times; pauN^Dariikaashvamedhaabhyaam= by Paundarika and Ashvamedha sacrifices; vaajapeyena= as also by Vajapeya sacrifice; anyaiH= and other; yajJNaiH= sacrifices.
Rama propitiated the gods by performing Paundarika, Ashvamedha, Vajapeya and other sacrifices many times.
räjyan daçasahasräëi präpya varñäëi räghavaù |
çatäçvamedhänäjahre sadaçvänbhüridakñiëän || 6-128-96
96. praapya= having enjoyed; raajyam= the kingship; dasha sahasraaNi= for ten thousand; varShaaNi= years; raaghavaH= Rama; aajahre= performed; shataashvamedhaan= a hundred horse-sacrifices; sadashvaan= in which good horses were sacrificed; bhuuri dakShiNaan= and in which numerous gifts were bestowed.
Having enjoyed the kingship for ten thousand years, Rama performed a hundred horse-sacrifices, in which good horses were sacrificed and numerous gifts bestowed.
äjänulambibähuçca mahäskandhaù pratäpavän |
lakñmaëänucaro rämaù påthivémanvapälayat || 6-128-97
97. saH raamaH= that Rama; aajanulambibaahuH= having long arms reaching down to his knees; mahaavakShaaH= having a broad chest; prataapavaan= full of glory; shashaasa= ruled; imam pR^ithiviim= this earth, lakShmaNaanucharaH= with Lakshmana as his companion.
That Rama, having his long arms reaching down his knees, having a broad chest and glorious, ruled this earth with Lakshmana as his companion.
räghavaçcäpi dharmätmä präpya räjyamanuttamam |
éje bahuvidhairyajïaiù sasutabhrätåbändhavaù || 6-128-98
98. praapya= obtaining; anuttamam= a very great; raajyam= kingdom; dharmaatmaa= the righteous; raaghavashchaapi= Rama; iije= propitiated the Almighty; bahuvidhaiH= with many kinds; yajJNaiH= of sacrifices; sa suta bhraatR^ibaandhavaH= with the co-operation of his sons, brothers and relatives.
Obtaining a very great kingdom the righteous Rama propitiated the almighty with many kinds of sacrifices, with the team-work of his sons, brothers and relatives.
na paryadevanvidhavä na ca vyälakåtaà bhayam |
na vyädhijaà bhayan väpi räme räjyaà praçäsati || 6-128-99
99. raame= while Rama; prashaasati= was ruling; raajyam= the kingdom; na vidhavaaH paryadevan= there were no widows to lament; na bhayam aasiit= there was no danger; vyaalakR^itam= from wild animals; na bhayam= and no fear; vyaadhijam= born of diseases.
While Rama was ruling the kingdom, there were no widows to lament, nor there was no danger from wild animals, nor any fear born of diseases.
nirdasyurabhavalloko nänarthaù kan cidaspåçat |
na ca sma våddhä bälänäà pretakäryäëi kurvate || 6-128-100
100. lokaH= the world; abhavat= became; nirdasyuH= bereft of thieves and robbers; na kashchit= nor anyone; aspR^ishat= felt; anartham= worthless; na vR^iddhaaH cha= nor did old people; kurvate sma= perform; pretakaaryaaNi= obsequies; (concerned); baalaanaam= to youngsters.
The world was bereft of thieves and robberies. No one felt worthless nor did old people perform obsequies concerning youngsters.
sarvaà muditameväsétsarvo dharmaparoabhavat |
rämamevänupaçyanto näbhyahinsanparasparam || 6-128-101
101. sarvam= every creature; asiit= felt; muditameva= pleased; sarvaH= everyone; abhavat= became; dharmaparaH= intent on virtue; anupashyantaH= perceiving; raamameva= Rama alone; na abhyahimsan= no one was killing; parasparam= each other.
Every creature felt pleased. Every one was intent on virtue. Turning their eyes towards Rama alone, creatures did not kill one another.
äsanvarñasahasräëi tathä putrasahasriëaù |
nirämayä viçokäçca räme räjyaà praçäsati || 6-128-102
102. raame= (While) Rama; prashaasati= was ruling; raajyam= the kingdom; aasan= (people) lived; varShasahasraaNi= for thousands of years; tathaa= and; putra sahasriNaH= with thousands of progeny; niraamayaaH= free of illness; vishokaashcha= and free of grief.
While Rama was ruling the kingdom, people survived for thousands of years, with thousands of their progeny, all free of illness and grief.
rämo rämo räma iti prajänämabhavan kathäù |
rämabhütaà jagäbhüdräme räjyaà praçäsati || 6-128-103
103. raame prashaasati= while Rama ruled; raajyam= the kingdom; kathaaH= the talks; prajaanaam= of the people; abhavan= centred round; raamaH raamaH raamaH iti= Rama, Rama and Rama; jagat= the world; abhuut= became; raama bhuutam= Rama’s world.
While Rama ruled the kingdom, the talks of the people centered round Rama, Rama and Rama. The world became Rama's world.
nityapuñpä nityaphalästaravaù skandhaviståtäù |
kälavarñé ca parjanyaù sukhasparçaçca märutaù || 6-128-104
104. taravaH= the trees; tatra= there; nitya puShpaaH= were having regular flowers; nitya phalaaH= and regular fruits; nirvraNaaH= without injuries (by pests and insects); parjanyaH= the cloud; kaalavarShii= was raining in time; maarutaH= and wind; sukha sparshaH= was delightful to the touch.
The trees there were bearing flowers and fruits regularly, without any injury by pests and insects. The clouds were raining in time and the wind was delightful to the touch.
brähmaëäù kñatriyä vaiçyäù çüdrä lobhavivarjitäù |
svakarmasu pravartante tuñöhäù svaireva karmabhiù || 6-128-105
äsan prajä dharmaparä räme çäsati nänåtäù |
105. braahmaNaaH= Brahmins (the priest-class); kShatriyaaH= Kshatriyas (the warrior-class); vaishyaaH= Vaishyas (the merchants and agriculturists); shuudraaH= Shudras (the servent-class) pravartante= were performing; svakarmasu= their own duties; tuShTaaH= satisfied; svaiH karmabhireva= with their own works; lobhavivarjitaah= bereft of greed; raame= (while) Rama; shaasati= was ruling; prajaaH= the people; aasan= were; dharmaparaaH= intent on virtue; na anR^itaaH= (and lived) without untruth.
Brahmins (the priest-class), Kshatriyas (the warrior-class), Vaishyas (the class of merchants and agriculturists), Shudras (the servant-class) were performing their own duties, satisfied with their own work and bereft of any greed. While Rama was ruling, the people were intent on virtue and lived without telling lies.
sarve lakñaëasampannäù sarve dharmaparäyaëäù || 6-128-106
daçavarñasahasräëi rämo räjyamakärayat |
106. sarve= all; lakShaNa sampannaaH= were endowed with good characteristics; sarve= all; dharmaparaayaNaaH= were engaged in virtue; raamaH= Rama; akaarayat= was engaged; raajyam= in kingship; varShasahasraaNi= for ten thousand years.
All the people were endowed with excellent characteristics. All were engaged in virtue. Rama was engaged in the kingship thus for ten thousand years.
dharmayaà yaçasyamäyuñyaà räjïäà ca vijäavaham || 6-128-107
ädikävyamidaà cärñaà purä välmékinä kåtam |
paöhedyaù çåëuyälloke naraù päpätpramucyate || 6-128-108
107-108. loke= in the world; yaH naraH= whoever person; paThet= reads; shR^iNuyaat= and listens to idam= this; aadikaavyam= foremost lyric; dharmyam= which is endowed with righteousness; yashasyam= which confers fame; aayuShyam= and longevity; vijayaavahamcha= which fetches victory; raajJNaam= to kings; kR^itam= which was written; puraa= at first; vaalmiikinaa= by Valmiki; aarSham= and a lyric derived from the speech of a sage; (he); pramuchyate= is delivered; paapaat= from misfortune.
In this world, whoever person reads and listens to this foremost lyric derived from the speech of a sage, which is endowed with righteousness, conferring fame and longevity, fetching victory to kings and as written at first by Valmiki, that person is delivered from all misfortune.
putrakämaçca putränvai dhanakämo dhanäni ca |
labhate manujo loke çrutvä rämäbhiñecanam || 6-128-109
mahéà vijayate räjä ripüàçcäpyadhitiñöhati |
109. shrutvaa= on hearing; raama abhiShechanam= the narrative of his coronation; loke= in this world; manujaH= a person; putrakaamaH= seeking for sons; putraan= (gets) sons; dhana kaamaH= and a person looking for wealth; labhatevai= dhanaani cha= gets the riches; raajaa= A king; vijayate= conquers; mahiim= the earth; adhitiShThati= and overcomes; ripuun= his enemies.
On hearing the narrative of his coronation in this world, a person seeking for sons gets sons. A person looking for wealth, gets the riches. A king conquers the earth and overcomes his enemies.
räghaveëa yathä mätä sumiträ lakñmaëena ca || 6-128-110
bharatena ca kaikeyé jivaputrästathä striyaù |
bhaviñyanti sadänandäù putrapautrasamanvitäù || 6-128-111
110-111. yathaa= even as; maataa= the mother, Kausalya; jiiva putraaH= has a living son; raaghaveNa= in Rama; sumitreNa= or as Sumitra; lakShmaNena= in Lakshmana; kaikeyii= or as Kaikeyi; bharatena cha= in Bharata; tathaa= even likewise; striyaH= the women; bhaviShyanti= can become; jiiva putraaH= (mothers) of living children; putrapautra samanvitaaH= endowed with children and grand-children; sadaanandaaH= and will be ever happy.
Even as Kausalya, the mother has Rama as her living son, or as Sumitra has Lakshmana or as Kaikeyi has Bharata, the women likewise can become mothers of living sons, endowed with children as well as grand children and thus become happy forever.
çrutvä rämäyaëamidaà dérghamäyiçca vindati |
rämasya vijayaà caiva sarvamakliñöhakarmaëaù || 6-128-112
112. shrutvaa= on hearing; idam= this; raamaayaNam= epic of Ramayana; sarvam= and all; vijayam chaiva= the victory; raamasya= of Rama; akkliShTa karmaNaH= who was unweary in his actions; vindati= (a person) gets; diirgham aayushcha= a longevity in life.
On hearing this epic of Ramayana and all the episode of victory of Rama, who was unweary in his actions, a person gets longevity to life.
çåëoti ya itdaà kävyaà purä välmékinä kåtam |
çraddadhäno jitakrodho durgäëyatitaratyasau || 6-128-113
113. yaH= he/she who; shR^iNoti= hears; shraddhadhaanaH= with attention; jita krodhaH= and with anger subdued; idam kaaryam= this poetical composition; kR^itam= done; vaalmiikinaa= by Valmiki; puraa= long ago; asau= that person; ati tarati= overcomes; durgaaNi= difficulties.
He or she, who hears with attention and with a subdued anger, this poetic composition done by Valmiki long ago, that person overcomes the difficulties.
samägamya praväsänte ramante saha bändhavaiù |
çåëvanti ya idaà kävyaà purä välmékinä kåtam || 6-128-114
114. ye= whoever; shR^iNvanti= hears; idam kaavyam= this poetical compositon; kR^itam= done; vaalmiikinaa= by Valmiki; puraa= long ago; te= they; pravaasante= at the conclusion of their absence from home; samaagamya= coming together; baandhavaiH saha= with their relatives; ramante= get rejoiced.
Whoever hears this poetical composition written by Valmiki long ago, they at the conclusion of their absence from home, meet their relatives and get rejoiced.
te prärthitän varän sarvän präpnuvantéha räghavät |
çravaëena suräù sarve préyante sampraçåëvatäm || 6-128-115
115. te= they; praapnuvanti= get; iha= here; sarvaan= all; varaan= the boons; praarthitaan= entreated; raaghavaat= from Rama; sarve= all; suraaH= the gods; priiynte= get pleased; shravaNena samprashR^iNvataam= with those who carefully listen to it.
They get all the boons, entreated from Rama. All the gods get pleased with those who carefully listen to it.
vinäyakäçca çämyanti gåhe tiñöhanti yasya vai |
vijayeta mahéà räjä praväsi svastimän bhavet || 6-128-116
116. yasya= in whose; gR^ihe= house; vinaayakaaH= obstacles; tiShThanti= are there; (in that house); shaamanti= they come to an end; raajaa= a king; vijayeta= conquers; mahiim= the earth; pravaasii= a person absenting away from home; bhavet= becomes; svastimaan= well.
Whoever carefully listens to the epic in his house, all obstacles come to an end. A king conquers the earth. A person staying away from home, fares well.
striyo rajasvaläù çrutvä puträn süyuranuttamän |
püjayaàçca paöhaàçcanamitihäsaà purätanam || 6-128-117
117. shrutvaa= hearing the epic; rajasvalaaH striyaH= menstruating women; suuyaH= give birth to; anuttamaan= excellent; putraan= sons; puujayan= the adorer; paThancha= and the reader; enam= of this; puraatanam= ancient; itihaasam= epic; pramuchyeta= gets relieved; sarvapaapena= of all sins avaapnuyaat= and gets; diirgham aayuH= longer life.
On hearing the epic, the menstruating women give birth to excellent sons. The adorer and the reader of this ancient epic gets relieved of all sins and obtains longer life.
praëamya çirasä nityaà çrotavyaà kñatriyairdvijät || 6-128-118
aiçvaryaà putraläbhaçca bhaviñyati na saàçayaù |
rämäyaëamidaà kåtsnaà çåëvataù paöhataù sadä || 6-128-119
118-119. shrotaryam= it is to be listened to; kShatriyaiH= by warrior-class; praNamya= saluting; shirasaa= with their heads; dvijaat= from Brahmins; nityamsadaa= every day regularly; na samshayaH= there is no doubt (that); shR^iNvataH= the listener; paThataH= and the reader; idam= of this; kR^itsnam= entire; raamaayaNam= Ramayana; bhaviShyati= will get; aishvaryam= supremacy; putra laabhashcha= and the birth of a son.
The epic is to be listened by warrior-class, after offering their salutation with their heads bent low, from brahmins every day regularly. There is no doubt that the listener and the reader of this entire Ramayana will get lordship and the birth of a son.
préyate satataà rämaù sahi miñëuù sanätanaù |
ädidevo mahäbähurharirnäräyaëaù prabhuù || 6-128-120
säkñädrämo raghuçreñöhaù çeño lakñmaëa ucyate |
120. raamaH= Rama; satatam= ever; priiyate= gets pleased; sah= He; sanaatanaH viShNuHhi= is indeed the eternal Vishnu the Lord of preservation; raamaH= Rama; aadidevaH= is the primordial Lord; saakShaat= clearly placed before tlp[-=he eyes; mahaabaahuH= having great arms; hariH= the remover of sins; prabhuH= the powerful lord; naaraayaNaH= who has abode on the waters (of the ocean of milk); sheShaH= Shesha (the serpent-god forming his couch); uchyate= is said to be; lakShmaNaH= Lakshmana.
Rama gets forever pleased with him who listens to or reads Ramayana daily. He is indeed the eternal Vishnu, the Lord of preservation. Rama is the primordial Lord, clearly placed before the eyes the powerful Lord removing the sins and the great-armed, who has abode on waters (of the ocean of milk) Sesha (the serpent-god forming his couch is said to be Lakshmana.
evametatpurävåttamäkhyänaà bhadramastu vaù || 6-128-121
pravyäharata visrabdhaà balaà viñëoù pravardhatäm |
121. pravyaaharata= tell; etat= this; aakhyaanam= narrative; vR^ittam= occurred; puraa= long ago; evam= in this way; visrabdham= fearlessly; vaH bhadram astu= let there be happiness to you!; viShNoH balam pravardhataam= let the strength of Vishnu increase!.
Tell this epic which occurred long ago in this manner, to those who ask for it, fearlessly. Let there be happiness to you! Let the strength of Vishnu increase!
deväçca sarve tuñyanti grahaëäcchravaëättathä || 6-128-122
rämäyaëasya çravaëe tuñyanti pitaraù sadä |
122. grahaNaat= by studying; tathaa= and; shravaNaat= and listening (to this epic); sarve= all; devaaH cha= the gods; tuShyanti= get appeased; shravaNe= by listening to; raamaayaNase= Ramayana; pitaraH= the forefathers; sadaa= forever; tuShyanti= get pleased.
By studying and listening to this epic, all the gods get appeased. By listening to this Ramayana, the forefathers forever get pleased.
bhaktyä rämasya ye cemäà saàhitämåñiëä kåtäm || 6-128-123
ye likhantéha ca narästeñäà väsastriviñöape |
123. teShaam naraam= to those persons; likhanti cha= who transcribe; iham= this; raamasya= depicting the story of Rama; kR^itam= written; R^iShiNaa= by Valmiki; bhaktyaa= with devotion; vaasaH= residence; triviShTase= in heaven (is assured).
To those persons who transcribe with devotion this collection of poems depicting the story of Rama residence in heaven is assured.
kuöumbavåddhià dhanadhänyavåddhià |
striyaçca mukhyäh sukhamuttamaà ca |
çrutvä çubhaà kävyamidaà mahärthaà |
präpnoti sarväà bhuvi cärthasiddhim || 6-128-124
124. shrutvaa= by listening to; mahaartham= this highly meaningful; shubham= and auspicious; kaavyam= poetical composition; (the persons); praapnoti= get; kuTumba vR^iddhim= family-prosperity; dhana dhanya vR^iddhim= augmentation in money and grain; mukhyaaH= superior; striyash cha= women; uttamam= excellent; sukham cha= happiness; sarvaan= and all; arthasiddhimcha= the acquisition of wealth; bhuvi= on earth.
By listening to this highly meaningful and auspicious poetical composition, a person gets family-prosperity, augmentation in money and grain, superior women, exquisite happiness and all the acquisition of wealth on this earth.
äyuñyamärogyakaraà yaçasyaà |
saubhrätåkaà buddhikaraà çubhaà ca |
çrotavyametanniyamena sadbhi |
räkhyänamojaskaramåddhikämaiù || 6-128-125
125. etat= this; aakhyaanam= narrative; shrotavyam= is to be listened to; niyamena= invariably; buddhikaamaiH sadbhiH= by good people seeking for wisdom; aayuShyam= longevity; aarogyakaram= endowment of health; yashasyam= fame; saubhraatR^ikam= fraternity; buddhikaram= endowment of intelligence; shubham cha= welfare; ojaskaram= and endowment of splendor.
This narrative is to be listened invariably by good people, seeking for wisdom, longevity, health, fame, fraternity, intelligence, welfare and brilliance.
ityärñe çrémadrämäyaëe ädikävye yuddhakäëòe añöäviàçatyadhika çatatamaù sargaù
Thus, this is the 128th chapter in Yuddha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.
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© September 2009, K. M. K. Murthy