Chapter [Sarga] 113

Introduction

Matali, Indra's charioteer leaves the battle-field and returns to his heaven. Then, Rama instructs Lakshmana to arrange for the installation of Vibhishana on the throne of Lanka. Lakshmana arranges to get sea-water from some monkey-chiefs and sprinkles it on Vibhishana, to install him as the King of Lanka, in the presence of the demons there. Then, Rama sends his message to Seetha through Hanuma.


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#it itsmaidae hnUmaNmataTmj>,
ivvez purI la< pUJymanae inzacrE>.6-113-1

1. iti prati samaadiShTaH= thus directed; (by Rama); hanuman= Hanuma; maarutaatmajaH= the son of wind-god; pravivesha= entered; laN^kaam puriim= the City of Lanka; puujyamaanaH= being respectfully received; nishaacharaiH= by the demons.

Thus directed by Rama, Hanuma the son of wind-god, entered deeply into the City of Lanka, being respectfully received by the demons.

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ivZy c purI lamnu'Py ivI;[m!,
ttStena_ynu}atae hnUman! v&]vaiqkam!.6-113-2
s<ivZy ywaNyaym! sItaya ividtae hir>,
ddzR zizna hIna< sataimv raeih[Im!.6-113-3
v&]mUle inranNda< ra]sIi> prIv&tam!,
in&t> [t> > sae<AigMyaiva* c.6-113-4

2-4. saH= that; hanuumaan= Hanuma; hariH= the monkey; viditaH= known; siitaayaaH= to Seetha; pravishya= having entered; laN^kaam puriim= the City of Lanka; anujJNaasya= seeking permission; vibhiiShaNam= from Vibhishana; abhyanujJNaataH= obtaining permission; tena= from him; sampravishya= and entering; yathaa nyaayam= as per the regulation; vR^ikShavaaTikam= the grove of trees; dadarsha= saw; vR^ikShamuule= at the foot of a tree; (Seethe); hiinaam= bereft of; mR^ijayaa= freshness; saataNkaam rohiNiimiva= like a frightened cow; niraandaam= joyless; parivR^itaam= and surrounded; raakShasiibhiH= with female-demons; abhigamya= approaching; (her) praNataH= humbly; abhivaadya cha= offering his salutation; prahvaH= by bending his head; saH= he; nibhR^itaH= kept silent.

That Hanuma, the monkey, known to Seetha, having entered the City of Lanka, seeking permission from Vibhishana, getting approval from him and entering Ashoka grove as per the prevailing regulation, saw at the foot of a tree, Seetha, who was bereft of freshness, looking joylessly like a frightened cow and surrounded with female-demons. Approaching her humbly by offering salutation to her in bending his head, he stood there silently.

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:qva smagt< devI hnUmNt< mhablm!,
tU:[ImaSt tda :qva Sm&Tva avda.6-113-5

5. dR^iShTvaa= on seeing; mahaabalam= the mighty; hanuumantam= Hanuma; samaagatam= who came there; devii= Seetha; tadaa= then; aasta= kept herself; tuuShNiim= silent; dR^iShTvaa= seeing; smR^itvaa= and recollecting (him); tadaa= then; abhavat hR^iShTaa= se became rejoiced.

Even after seeing the mighty Hanuma who came there, Seetha kept herself silent. Then, seeing and recollecting him, she became rejoiced.

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saEMy< tSya muo< :qva hnUman! Plvgaem>,
ramSy vcn< svRmaOyatumupcme.6-113-6

6. dR^iShTvaa= seeing; tasyaa= her; saumyam= cool; mukham= face; hanuumaan= Hanuma; plavagottamaH= the excellent monkey; upachakrame= began; aakhyaatum= to narrate; sarvam= the entire; vachanam= message; raamasya= of Rama.

Seeing her cool face, Hanuma the excellent monkey began to narrate the entire message of Rama.

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vEdeih kzlI ram> ssuIv> slm[>,
ivI;[shay hrI[a< sihtae blE>.6-113-7

7. vaidehi= O Seetha!; raamaH= Rama; saha suriiva lakShmaNaH= together with Sugreeva lakShmaNaH= together with Sugreeva and Lakshmana; vibhiiShaNa sahaayashcha= along with vibhishana as his supporter; hariiNaam balaiH sahitaH= and collectively with the army of monkeys; kushalii= is well.

O Seetha! Rama is well, together with Sugreeva and Lakshmana, along with Vibhishana as his supporter and collectively with the army of monkeys.

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kzl< cah isawaeR htzurirNdm>,
ivI;[shayen rame[ hiri> sh.6-113-8
inhtae rav[ae deiv lm[Sy nyen c vIyRvan!,

8. devi= O the divine lady!; hata shatruH= having destroyed his enemy; amitrajit= Rama; the annihilator of his adversaries; siddhaarthaH= having accomplished his object; aaha= is informing; tvaa= you; kushalam= about his welfare; raameNa= by Rama; lakShmaNena= and by Lakshmana; vibhiShaNa sahaayena= with the support of Vibhishana; haribhiH saha= along with the monkeys; viiryavaan raavaNaH= the valiant Ravana; nihataH= has been killed.

O the divine lady! Having destroyed his enemy, Rama the annihilator of his adversaries, having accomplished his object, is informing you about his welfare. Rama and Lakshmana, with the support of Vibhishana and the monkeys, killed the valiant Ravana.

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iymaOyaim te deiv Uy Tva< sajye.6-113-9
tv avamR}e mhan! rame[ s<yuge,
lBxae=y< ivjy> sIte SvSwa v gtJvra.6-113-10

9-10. devi= O the divine lady!; aakhyaami= I am telling; priyam= a pleasant news; bhuuyaH= and again; tvaam= sabhaajaye= eulogizing you; siite= O Seetha; dharmajJNe= knowing what is right!; tava prabhaavaat= because of your power; ayam= this; mahaan= great; vijayaH= victory; labhdaH= has been accomplished; raamena= by Rama; samyuge= in battle; bhava= be; svasthaa= comfortable; gatajvavaa= free from grief.

O the divine lady! I am telling a pleasant news and again eulogizing you. O Seetha, the knower of righteousness! Rama accomplished this great victory in the battle, because of your power. Be free from your grief and be comfortable.

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rav[ ht> zulRa cEv vzIkta,
mya lBxine[ x&ten tv injRye.6-113-11
itJJnE;a ivinStI[aR bdXva setu< mhaedxaE,

11. raavaNashcha= Ravana; shatruH= the enemy; hataH= was killed; laN^kaachaiva= even the Lanka too; vashiikR^itaa= has been subdued; dhR^itena= with a firm determination; nirjaye= to win you back; mayaa= by me; alabdha nidreNa= who have had no sleep; baddhvaa= having constructed; setum= a bridge; mahodadhe= across the great ocean; ehhaa= this; pratijJnaa= vow (of winning you back); vinistiirNaa= has been redeemed.

"Ravana, the enemy was killed. Even the Lanka has been subdued. With a firm determination to win you back, by me who have had no sleep, a bridge has been constructed across the great ocean and this vow (of winning you back) has been fulfilled.

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s<m n ktRVyae vtRNTya rav[alye.6-113-12
ivI;[ivxey< ih lEyRimd< ktm!,

12. sambhramaH cha na kartavyaH= you ought not to fear; vartyantyaa raavaNaalaya= for having stayed in Ravanas abode; idam= this; laN^kaishvaryam= kingdom of Lanka; kR^itam hi= has been placed indeed; vibhiiShana vidheyam= under the dominion ship of Vbhishana.

You ought not to have any fear, living as you do in Ravanas abode. This kingdom of Lanka has now been placed indeed under the dominion ship of Vibhishana.

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tdaisih ivBx< Svg&he pirvtRse.6-113-13
Ay< ca_yeit s<STvzRnsmuTsuk>,

13. tat= that is why; aashvasi hi= console yourself; visrabdham= complacently; parivartase= you are staying; svagR^ihe= in your own house; ayam cha= this Vibhishana too; abhyeti= is coming; tvaddarshana samutsakaH= so eager as he is, to see you. samhR^iShTaH= with rejoice.

That is why, console yourself complacently. You are staying in your own house. This Vibhishana too is coming to you with a rejoice, as he is so eager to see you.

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@vmua tu sa devI sIta zizinanna.6-113-14
h;eR[ava sa Vyhtu n zzak h,

14. saa siitaa= that Seetha; devii= the divine lady; shashi nibhaananaa= with her face resembling the moon; evam= thus; uktaa= spoken; na shashaaka ha= was not able; vyaahartum= to speak; avaruddhaa= tongue-tied as she was; praharSheNa= with a thrill of delight.

Hearing these words, that Seetha the divine lady, whose face resembled the moon, could not speak, tongue-tied as she was with a thrill of delight.

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ttae=vIirvr> sItamitjLptIm!.6-113-15
ik< Tv< icNtyse deiv ik< c ma< naia;se,

15. tataH= thereupon; harivaraH= Hanuma; abraviit= spoke; siitaam= to Seetha; apratijalpatiim= who was not making any answer; (as follows); devii= O divine lady!; kim= what; tvam= are you; chintayase= reflecting upon?; kim= why; naabhibhaaShase= dont you speak; maam= to me?

Thereupon, Hanuma spoke to Seetha, who was not making any answer (as follows): O divine lady! What are you reflecting upon? Why dont you speak to me?

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@vmua hnumta sIta xmRpwe iSwta.6-113-16
AvITprmIta ba:pgdya igra,

16. evam= thus; uktaa= asked; hanuumataa= by Hanuma; siitaa= Seetha; sthitaa= who was established; dharmapathe= in a righteous path; paramapriitaa= was very much delighted; abraviit= and spoke; giraa= in a voice; baShpagadgadayaa= choked with tears.

Thus asked by Hanuma, Seetha, who was ever established in a righteous path, was very much delighted and spoke (as follows) in a voice choked with tears.

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iymetpuTy tuRivRjys<ym!.6-113-17
h;Rvzmapa invaRKyaiSm ][aNtrm!,

17. upashrutya= hearing; etat priyam= this pleasant news; vijaya samshrayam= about the victory; bhartuH= of my husband; asmi= I became; nirvaakyaa= speechless; kShaNaantaram= for a while; aapanna praharShavasham= overpowered as I was by extreme joy.

Hearing these pleasant tidings about the victory of my husband, I became speechless for a while, overpowered as I was, by extreme joy.

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n ih pZyaim sz< icNtyNtI Plvm.6-113-18
miTyaOyankSyeh tv TyinNdnm!,

18. plavamgame= O Hanuma!; na pashyaami hi= I do not indeed see; sadR^isham= any appropriate thing; iham= here; pratyabhinandanam= which pleases you in return; matpriyaakhaanakasya= to, you, who have announced these tidings, pleasant to me; chintayantii= even after enervating my brain.

O, Hanuman! I indeed do not see any appropriate thing here, which pleases you in return, to offer you, who have announced these tidings pleasant to me, even after enervating my brain.

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n c pZyaim tTsaEMy p&iwVyamip vanr.6-113-19
sz< miTyaOyane tv datu< veTsmm!,

19. na cha pashyaami= nor, do I perceive; sadR^isham kimchana= anything worthy of you; pR^ithivyaam= on this earth; priyaakhyena sadR^isham= or comparable to the act of conveying this agreeable news (to me); dattvaa yat= and on bestowing which; tava= on you; sukham= happiness; bhavet= may come to me.

Nor, do I perceive anything worthy for you on this earth for you act of conveying this agreeable news to me and on bestowing which on you, happiness may come to me.

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ihr{y< va suv[ va rain ivivxain c.6-113-20
raJy< va i;u laeke;u nEtdhRit ai;tum!,

20. naarhati= nothing is worthy; etat= of this; bhaShitam= message; hiraNyam vaa= nor gold; vividhaani ratnaani= nor the different diamonds; raajyam vaa= nor the sovereignty; triShu lokeShu= of the three worlds.

Neither silver, nor gold nor even diamonds nor the sovereignty of the three worlds, can be worthy of this message.

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@vmuStu vEdea Tyuvac Plvm>.6-113-21
g&hItailvaRKy< sItaya> muoe iSwt>,

21. evam= thus; uktaH= spoken; vaidehyaa= by Seetha; plavangamaH= hnuma; sthitaH= standing; pramukhe= with his face turned; siitaayaaH= towards Seetha; pragR^ihiitaaN^jaliH= and with his hands joined in salutation; pratyuvaacha= replied; harShaat= joyfully (as follows):

Hearing the words of Seetha, Hanuma standing with his face turned towards Seetha and with his hands joined in salutation, joyfully replied as follows:

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tuR> iyihte yue tuRivRjykai']i[.6-113-22
iGxmev<ivx< vaKy< TvmevahRis ai;tum!,

22. anindite= O faultless lady; yukte= interested; priyahite= in things which are agreeable and beneficial; bhartuH= to husband; vijayakaaN^kShiNi= and wishing for his victory!; tvameva= you alone; arhasi= deserve (to speak); evamvidham= such; vaakyam= words; snigdham= endowed with affection.

"O faultless lady, interested in things agreeable and beneficial to husband and wishing for his victory! You alone deserve to speak such words filled with affection."

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tvEtcn< saEMye sarviTGxmev c.6-113-23
raE"aiivxaaip devraJyaiiz:yte,

23. saumye= O gentle lady!; etat tava vachanam= these words of yours; saaravat= with preciousness; snigdhamevacha= and affection; vishiShyate= are better than; vividhaat ratnaughaat= various kinds of heaps of diamonds; devaraajyaat= or the sovereignty over the gods.

O gentle lady! These words of yours, endowed with preciousness and affection, are better than various kinds of collection of diamonds or the sovereignty over the celestials.

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AwRt mya aa devraJyadyae gu[a>.6-113-24
htzu< ivjiyn< ram< pZyaim yiTSwtm!,

24. pashyaami= I am seeing; raamam= Rama; susthitam= in good condition; hatashatrum= he having killed the enemies; vijayinam= and having attained victory; arthataH= that is to say; devaraajyaadayaH= sovereignty over the celestial and other; guNaH= good qualities; praaptaaH= have been obtained; mayaa= by me.

I see Rama victorious and happy, he having killed the enemies and having obtained victory. That is to say, I have attained the blessing like the sovereignty over the celestials and other good qualities.

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tSy tcn< uTva mEiwlI jnkaTmja.6-113-25
tt> zutr< vaKymuvac pvnaTmjm!,

25. shrutvaa= hearing; tat vachanam= those words; tasya= of Hanuma; maithilii= Seetha; janakaatmajaa= the daughter of Janaka; tataH= thereupon; uvaacha= spoke; shubhataram vaakyam= the following most auspicious words; pavanaatmajam= to Hanuma.

Hearing those words of Hanuma, Seetha the daughter of Janaka thereupon spoke the following auspicious words to Hanuma.

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Aitl][s<p< maxuyRgu[Ui;tm!.6-113-26
bu(a aya yu< TvmevahRis ai;tum!,

26. tvameva= you alone; arhasi= are worthy; bhaaShitum= can utter; (these words); atilakShaNa sampannam= endowed with exceedingly good attributes; maadhurya guNa bhuuShitam= embellished with a grace of style; yuktam= filled; buddhyaa= with an intelligence; aShTaaNgayaa= consisting of eight excellences.*

You alone can utter these words, endowed with exceedingly good attributes, embellished with a grace of style and filled with an intelligence, consisting of eight excellences.*

*1) Keenness to hear discourse on the Spirit 2) readiness to hear such discourses, 3) receptivity, 4) retentive power, 5) reasoning for and 6) against a proposition, 7) the faculty of comprehension and 8) realization of truth: These are the eight characteristics of good intelligence, according to Neetisara Kamandaka, often quoted by the commentators in Sanskrit: shushruShaa shravaNaM chaiva | ghruhaNaM dhaaraNaM tathaa | uuhoapehoarthavijJnaanaM | tattvajJNaanaM cha dhiiguNaaH ||

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a"nIyae=inlSy Tv< sut> prmxaimRk>.6-113-27
Bl< zaEy ut< sv< ivmae daymumm!,
tej> ]ma x&it> SwEy ivnItTv< n s<zy>.6-113-28

27-28. tvam= you; shlaaghaniiya= are a praiseworthy; paramadhaarmikaH= and supremely virtuous; sutaH= son; anilasya= of the wind-god; bahavaH= Numerous; shobhanaaH= good; guNaaH= qualities; tvayyeva= are there in you alone; ete= they are here; anye= along with others; balam= strength; shauryam= valour; shrutam= knowledge of scriptures; sattvam= vigour; vikramaH= prowess; daakShyam uttamam= superlative skill (in action); tejaH= spirit; kShamaa= forbearance; dhR^itiH= firmness; sthairyam= stability; viniitatvam= and humility; na samshayaH= there is no doubt (about it).

You are a praiseworthy and supremely virtuous son of the wind-god. Numerous good qualities are there in you along (as follows, along with others): strength, valour, knowledge of scriptures, vigour, prowess, superlative skill (in action), spirit, forbearance, firmness, stability and re is no humility. There is no doubt about it.

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Awaevac pun> sItams<atae ivnItvt!.6-113-29
g&hItailhR;aRt! sItaya> muoe iSwt>,

29. atha= thereafter; (Hanmua); pragR^ihiitaaN^jaliH= having joined his hands together in salutation; sthitaH= having stood; purataH= in front; siitaayaaH= of Seetha; asambhraantaH= free from flurry; viniitavat= and with humility; punaH= again; uvaacha= spoke; siitaam= to Seetha (as follows):

Thereafter, having joined his hands together in salutation, standing in front of Seetha in humility and free from flurry, Hanuma again spoke to Seetha (as follows):

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#maStu olu ra]Syae yid TvmnumNyse.6-113-30
hNtuimCDaim ta> svaR yaiSTv< tijRta pura,

30. imaaH= these women; puraa= earlier; yaabhiH= by whom; tvam= you; tarjitaa= have been frightened; (those are); raakShasya khalu= indeed the female demons; tvam anumasyase yadi= if you permit me; ichchhaami= I wish; hantum= to kill; taaH sarvaaH= all of them.

If you permit me, I wish to kill of all these notorious female-demons, by whom you have been frightened earlier.

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iZyNtI pitdeva< Tvamzaekvinka< gtam!.6-113-31
"aerpsmacara> ra> rtre][a>,
#h uta mya deiv ra]Syae ivktanna>.6-113-32
AskTp;EvaRKyEvRdNTyae rav[a}ya,

31-32. kruuraaH raakShasyaH= (These) cruel female-demons; ghoraruupa samaacharaaH= of terrific form and behavior; kruuratarekShaNaaH= with still more cruel eyes; vikrutaananaa= having ugly faces; shrutaaH= were heard; maya= by me; iha= here; vadantyaH= speaking; paruShaiH= harsh; vaakayiH= words; tvaam= to you; patidevaam= who are so devoted to your husband; asakR^it= again and again; raavaNaajJNayaa= at Ravanas command gataam klishyantiim= when you were getting hardships; ashokavanikaam= in the Ashoka grove; devii= O divine lady!

These cruel female-demons of terrific form and behavior, with still more cruel eyes, having ugly faces, were heard by me here speaking again and again harsh words to you, who are so devoted to your husband, at Ravanas command, when you were suffering hardships in the Ashoka grove, O divine lady!

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ivkta ivktakara> ta> rkce][a>.6-113-33
#CDaim ivivxE"aRtEhRNtumeta> suda[a>,
ra]Syae da[kwa vrmet< yCD me.6-113-34

33-34. ichchhami= I wish; hantum= to kill; vividhaiH ghaataiH= with various kinds of strokes; kruuraaH= these cruel; sudaaruNaaH= extremely rough; raakShasasya vikR^itaaraaH= deformed female-demons; vikR^itaaH= with distorted features; kruurakachakShaNaaH= and terrific hairs and eyes; daaruNakathaaH= talking together roughly; prayachchha= (Pray) grant; etat= this; varam= boon; me= to me.

I wish to kill with various kinds of strokes, these cruel, extremely rough and deformed female-demons, with distorted features and terrific hairs and eyes, talking together roughly. (Pray) grant this boon to me.

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muii> pai[iEv cr[EEv zaene,
j'"ajanuharE dNtana< cEv pIfnE>.6-113-35
][E> k[Rnasana< kezana< lunEStwa,
&z< zu:kmuoIi da[ElR'"nEhRtE>.6-113-36
ivizIva<zpaRkE klevrE>,
inpaTy hNtuimCDim tv iviykair[I>.6-113-37

35-37. ichchhaami= I wish; hantum= to kill; tava vipriyakaariNiiH= (the female-demons) who have spoken harsh words to you and = wronged you; nipaatya= striking them down; muShTibhiH= with my fists; paaNighaataishcha= hand-blows; vishaalaiH baahuH= long arms; jaJNaa jaanujaanuprahaaraishcha= the blows of my shanks and knees, dantaanaam piiDanaiH= by causing pain to their teeth; karNa naasaanaam bhakShanaiH= biting off their ears and nose; tathaa= and; keshaanaam luN^chhanaiH= pulling out their hair; bhR^isham shuShkamukhaishcha= making them very much dry-mouthed; daaranaiH= tearing them off; laN^ghanaiH= leaping over them; hataiH= encountering them; kalevaraiH nipaatya= and throwing down their bodies; vibhinna shaN^kugriivaamsa paarshvakaiH= with their burst cheeks, necks, shoulders and ribs.

I wish to kill the female-demons, who have spoken harsh words to you and wronged you, striking them down with my fists, hand-blows, long arms, blows of my shanks and knees, by causing pain to their teeth, biting off their ears and nose and pulling out their hair, making them severely dry-mouthed, tearing them off, leaping over them, encountering them and throwing down their bodies, with their burst cheeks, necks, shoulders and ribs.

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@vMkarEbRiivRkarEyRziSvin,
"atye tIpaiyaRiSTv< tijRta pura.6-113-38

38. yashasvini= O illustrious lady!; samprahaarya= striking them; bahubhiH prahaaraiH= with several blows; evam= in this way; ghaataye= I would destroy; tiivraruupaabhiH= the female demons of terrible form; yaabhiH= by whom; tarjitaa= you have been threatened; puraa= in the past.

O illustrious lady! Striking them with several blows in this way, I would destroy the female-demons of terrible form, by whom you have been threatened in the past.

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#Tyua sa hnumta kp[a dInvTsla,
hnumNtmuvaced< icNtiyTva imm&Zy c.6-113-39

39. chintayitvaa= reflecting; vimR^ishacha= and pondering (for a while); uktaa= when spoken; iti= thus; hanumataa= by Hanuma; saa kR^ipaNaa= the compassionate Seetha; diina vatsalaa= who was kind to the miserable; uvaacha= spoke; hanumantam= to Hanuma; idam= as follows:

Reflecting as pondering for a while, when spoke thus by Hanuma, the compassionate Seetha, who was kind to the miserable, spoke to Hanuma as follows:

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rajs<yvZyana< kvRtIna< pra}ya,
ivxeyana< c dasIna< k> kPyeanraem.6-113-40

40. vaanarottama= O the foremost of monkeys!; kaH= who; kupyet= will be angry; daasiinaam= with servant maids; raja samshrayavashyanaam= who are dependent on the command of their king; kurvatiinaam vidheyaanaam= and work; paraajJNayaa= in obedience to the orders of others.

O the foremost of monkey! Who will be angry with servant-maids, who are dependent on their kings command and work in obedience to the orders of others?

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aGyvE;My yaegen pura irten c,
myEteTaPyte sv Svkt< upuJyte.6-113-41

41. etat sarvam= all this; praapyate= is reaped; mayaa= by me; bhaagya vaiShamya doSheNa= as a consequence of my bad fortune; duShkR^itena= or by a misdeed committed by me; purastaat= in the past; saakR^itam= the fruit of ones own making; upabhujyte hi= is indeed experienced (in ones life).

All this is reaped by me, as a consequence of my bad fortune or an account of a misdeed committed by me in the past. The fruit of ones own making is indeed experienced (in ones life).

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mEv< vd mhabahae dEvI e;a pra git>,
aVy< tu dza yaegaNmyEtidit initm!.6-113-42
dasIna< rav[Syah< m;RyamIh bRla,

42. mahaabaaho= O the great armed!; maavada= do not speak; evam= like this; eShaa= this; paraa hi= is indeed great; daivii gatiH= divine strategy; nishchitam= it was decided; iti= that; idam= this situation; praaptavyam= is to be obtained; mayaa= by me; dashaayogaat= due to the application of fate; durbalaa= feeble; aham= (as) I am; marShayaami= I am forgiving; daasiinaam= the servant-maids; raavaNasya= of Ravana; iha= here.

O the great-armed Hanuma! Do not speak like this. This is indeed a great divine strategy. It was ordained that this type of situation is to be obtained by me, due to the application of fate. Feeble as I am in these matters, I am forgiving the servant-maids of Ravana here.

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Aa}a rav[enEta ra]Syae mam! AtjRyn!.6-113-43
hte tiSm kyuRihR tjRn< vanraem,

43. maarutaatmaja= O Hanuma!; Ravana the demon; iha= here; raakShasyaH= the female-demons; tarjayanti= threatened; kurvanti= they will not do; tarjanam= the threatening.

O Hanuma! As commanded by Ravana the threatened me. As he is dead now, they will not do the threatening.

Verse Locator

Ay< VyasmIpe tu pura[ae xmRs<iht>.6-113-44
\]e[ gIt> aekae me t< inbaex Plvm,

44. plavangama= O Hanuma!; asti= there is; puraaNaH= an old; shlokaH= axim; dharma samhitaH= possessed of merit; giitaH= actually uttered; R^ikSheNa= by a bear; vyaghrasamiipe= in the presence of a tiger; nibodha= hear; tam= it (from me).

O Hanuma! There is an old axim possessed of merit, actually uttered by a bear in the presence of a tiger. Hear it from me.

Verse Locator

n pr> papmade pre;a< papkmR[am!.6-113-45
smyae ri]tVyStu sNtairU;[a>,

45. samayaH= a doctrine; (indicating that) paraH= a superior person; naadatte= does not undertake; paapam= a wicked deed; pareShaam= towards others; evil-doer; rakShitavyaH tu= is indeed to be protected; santaH= virtuous persons; chaaritra bhuuShaNaaH= have their good conduct as an ornament.

A superior person does not take into account the sin of those who have committed an offence evil for evil must be carried out at all costs virtuous persons account good conduct as an ornament.

Formerly a tiger ran in pursuit of a hunter. The latter climbed up a tree. There was bear already preached on a bough of the tree. Making to the foot of the tree, the tiger addressed the following words to the bear: Look here, both of us are denizens of the forest. The hunter is our common enemy. Therefore, knock him down from the tree. The bear, however, replied: Having reached my abode, the hunter has in a way sought asylum with me. I am therefore not going to hurl him down; I would be deviating from my duty if I do so. Saying so, the bear laid himself down to sleep. The tiger now turned to the hunter and said, Push the bear down. I shall afford protection to you. The hunter thereupon pushed the sleeping bear. The bear, however, clutched at another bough and thus escaped from falling down. The tiger now addressed the following appeal to the bear: The hunter sought to hurl you down and has thus wronged you. Therefore push him down. Though pressed by the tiger again and again, the bear refused to hurl him down and repeated the above quoted verse in support of his attitude.

Verse Locator

papana< va zuana< va vxahaR[a< Plvm.6-113-46
kay ka{ymayeR[ n kiapraXyit,

46. kaaruNyam= kindness; kaaryam= is to be shown; aaryeNa= by a noble person; paapaanaam vaa= either towards a sinner; shubhaanaam vaa= or a virtuous person; athaapivaa= or even; vadhaarhaaNaam= to person deserving to be killed; na kashchit= (for) There is none; naaparaadhyati iti na= who never commits a wrong.

"Kindness is to be shown by a noble person either towards a sinner or to a virtuous person or even to a person who deserves death, for, there is none who never commits a wrong."

Verse Locator

laekih<saivhara[a< r]sa< kamip[m!.6-113-47
kvRtamip papain nEv kayRmzaenm!,

47. ashobhanam= evil; kaaryam= act; na kaaryam= is not to be done; paapani kurvataamapi= even to those who do evil-deeds; loka himsaavihaaraaNaam= in taking pleasure to harm people; kruuraaNaam= the cruel ones; paapakarmaNaam= who do evil deeds.

No evil is to be done, even to those cruel persons of sinful deeds, who take pleasure to harm the life of others and continue to perpetrate their sinful acts.

Verse Locator

@vmuStu hnumaNsItya vaKykaeivd>.6-113-48
Tyuvac tt> sIta< rampI yziSvnIm!,

48. evam= thus; uktaH= spoken; siitayaa= by Seetha; hanuman= Hanuma; vaakyakovidaH= who was skilled in speech; tataH= then; pratyuvaacha= replied; aninditaam siitaam= to the faultless Seetha; raamapatriim= the consort of Rama.

Hearing the words of Seetha, Hanuma who was skilled in speech, then replied to the faultless Seetha, Ramas consort (as follows):

Verse Locator

yua ramSy vtI xmRpI yziSvnI.6-113-49
itsiNdz ma< deiv gim:ye y ra"v>,

49. devii= O divine lady!; bhavatii= you; guNaanvitaa= endowed with virtue; yuktaa= are the apt; dharmapatnii= wife; raamasya= of Rama; pratisamdesha= give a message in return; maam= to me; gamiShye= I will go yatra= to the place where; raaghavaH= Rama is.

O divine lady! You are the apt wife of Rama, full of virtue. Give me a message in return. I will go to the place where Rama is.

Verse Locator

@vmua hnumta vEdehI jnkaTmja.6-113-50
AvI+uimCDaim taRr< vanraem,

50. evam= thus; uktaa= spoken; hanumataa= by Hanuma; saa= that; vaidehii= Seetha; janakaatmajaa= the daughter of Janaka; abraviit= spoke (as follows); vaanarottama= O the foremost of monkeys!; ichchhaami= I long; draShTum= to see; bhartaaram= my husband.

Thus spoken by Hanuma, that Seetha the daughter of Janaka spoke as follows: O the foremost of monkeys! I long to see my husband.

Verse Locator

tSyaStcn< uTva hnumaNpvnaTmj>.6-113-51
h;RyNmEiwlI vaKymuvaced< mha*uit>,

51. shrutvaa= hearing; tat vachanam= those words; tasyaaH= of Seetha; mahaamatiH= the highly intelligent; maarutaatmajaH= Hanuma, the son of wind-god; harShayan maithiliim= bringing delight to Seetha; uvaacha= spoke; idam vaakyam= the following words:

Hearing those words of Seetha, the highly intelligent Hanuma, the son of wind-god, bringing delight to Seetha, spoke the following words:

Verse Locator

pU[RcNann< ram< ySyayeR slm[m!.6-113-52
iSwrim< htaim< zcIv idzerm!,

52. drakShyasi= you shall see; adya= today; raamam= Rama; puurNachandramukham= whose countenance is like a full moon; sthitamitram= whose friends (like Sugreeva and Vibhishana) are alive; hataamitram= whose enemies have been killed; salakShmaNam= along with (the consort of Indra); (would see); tridasheshwaram= Indra, the lord of gods.

You shall see today, Rama whose countenance is like a full moon, whose friends (like Sugreeva and Vibhishana) are alive, whose enemies have been killed along with Lakshmana, as Shachi (the consort of Indra) would see Indra the lord of gods.

Verse Locator

tamevmuva rajNtI sIta< sa]aidv iym!.6-113-53
Aajgam mhavegae hnUmaNy ra"v>,

53. evam= thus; uktvaa= speaking; taam= to that Seetha; raajantiim= who appeared radiant; saakShaat shriyamiva= before his eyes as Lakshmi the goddess of prosperity; hanuman= Hanuma; mahaatejaaH= a great splendor; aajagaama= came; yatra= to the place where; raaghavaH= Rama was.

Thus speaking to that Seetha, who appeared radiant before his eyes as Lakshmi the goddess of prosperity, Hanuma of great splendor, came to the place where Rama was.

Verse Locator

spid hirvrSttae hnUman!,
itvcn< jnkeraTmjaya>,
kiwtmkwy*wame[,
idzvritmay ra"vay.6-113-54

54. tataH= thereafter; hanuumaan= Hanuma; harivaraH= the excellent of monkeys; akathayat= narrated; sampadi katham= speedily; yathaakrameNa= in order of sequence; prativachanam= the reply given; janakeshvaraatmajaayaaH= by Seetha the daughter of Janaka the king; raaghavaaya= to Rama; tridashavarapratimaaya= who was equal to Indra the chief of celestials.

Then, Hanuma the excellent of monkeys speedily narrated, in order of sequence, the message given by Seetha, to Rama who was equal to Indra the chief of celestials.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye yuka{fe yaedzaixkzttm> sgR

Thus, this is the 113th chapter in Yuddha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.


Verse Locator for Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 113

 

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Sarga 113 in English Prose

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July 2009, K. M. K. Murthy