Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War
All the consorts of Ravana lament, recollecting the valour of Ravana and with a stunning surprise of how he has been killed by an ordinary mortal. They feel sorry that, had Seetha been restored by Ravana to Rama, this major disaster would not have befallen them.
rävaëam nihataà dåñövä räghaveëa mahätmanä |
antaùpurädviniñpetü räkñasyaù çokakarçitäù || 6-110-1
1. dR^iShTvaa= seeing; raavaNam= Ravana; nihatam= killed; mahaatmanaa raaghaveNa= by the great-souled Rama; raakShasyaH= the female-demons; shoka karshitaaH= were stricken with grief; viniShpetuH= and rushed out; antaH puraat= from their gynaecium.
Seeing Ravana killed by the great-souled Rama, the female-demons were stricken with grief and rushed out from their gynaecium.
väryamäëaù subahuço veñöantyaù kñitipäàsuñu |
vimuktakeçyaù çokärtä gävo vatsahatä yathä || 6-110-2
2. vaaryamaaNaaH= even though impeded; subahushaH= now and then; veShTantyaH= (They) were rolling; kShiti paamsuShu= in the dust on the floor; vimuktya keshyaH= with their dishevelled hair; shokaartaaH= and tormented with grief; gaavaH yathaa= like cows; vatsahataaH= that had lost their calf.
Even though impeded now and then by their maid servants, they were rolling in the dust of the streets, with their hair dishevelled, tormented as they were with grief like cows that had lost their calf.
uttareëa viniñkramya dväreëa saha räkñasaiù |
praviçyäyodhanaà ghoraà vicinvantyo hataà patim || 6-110-3
äryaputreti vädinyo hä nätheti ca sarvaçaù |
paripetuù kabandhäìkäà mahéà çoëitakardamäm || 6-110-4
3-4. viniShkramya= issuing out; uttareNa dvaareNa= of the northern gate; raakShasaiH saha= along with demons; pravishya= and penetrating; ghoram aayodhanam= into the terrific battle-field; vichinvantyaH= searching; patim= for their husband; hatam= who had been killed; vaadinyaH= and crying out; aaryaputreti haa naatheti= "Ah my lord! Ah my husband!"; paripetuH= they all ran hither and thither; mahiim= on the ground; kabandhaaN^kaam= which was covered with headless trunks; shoNita kardamaam= and rendered muddy with blood.
Issuing out of the northern gate along with demons and penetrating into the terrific battle-field, searching for their husband, who had been killed and crying out, "Ah my lord! Ah my husband!" they all ran hither and thither on the ground which was covered with headless trunks and rendered muddy with blood."
tä bäñpaparipürëäkñyo bhartåçokaparäjitäù |
kareëva iva nardantyo vinedurhatayüthapäù || 6-110-5
5. taaH= those women; bhartR^i shokaparaajitaaH= who were overcome with sorrow about the death of their husband; baaShpa paripuurNaakShyaH= having their eyes filled with tears; vineduH nardantyaH= loudly lamented; karveNvaH iva= like female-elephants; hatayuuthapaH= who had lost the leader of their herd.
Those women, who were overcome with grief about the death of their husband, having their eyes filled with tears, loudly lamented like female-elephants who had lost the leader of their herd.
dadåçustä mahäkäyaà mahävéryaà mahadyutim |
rävaëaà nihataà bhümau néläïjanacayopamam || 6-110-6
6. taaH= those women; dadR^ishuH= saw; raavaNam mahaakaayam= the gigantic Ravana; mahaaviiryam= who was endowed with a great strength; mahaadyutim= and invested with a great splendour; nihatam= lying killed; bhuumau= on the ground; niilaaN^janachayopamam= like a heap of black collyrium.
Those women saw the gigantic Ravana, who was endowed with a great strength and invested with a great splendour, lying killed on the ground, like a heap of black collyrium.
täù patià sahasä dåñövä çayänaà raëapäàsuñu |
nipetustasya gätreñu chinnä vanalatä iva || 6-110-7
7. sahasaa= suddenly; dR^iShTvaa= seeing; patim= their husband; shayaanam= lying; raNa paamsuShu= in dust of the battle-field; taaH= those women; nipetuH= fell down; tasya gaatreShu= on his limbs; chhinnaaH vanalataa iva= like uprooted wild creepers.
Suddenly seeing their husband lying in dust of the battle-field, those women fell down on his limbs, like uprooted wild creepers.
bahumänätpariñvajva käcidevaà ruroda ha |
caraëau käcidälambya käcitkaëöhe'valambya ca || 6-110-8
8. kaachit= a woman; ruroda ha= wept; pariShvajya= embracing; enam= him; bahumaanaat= out of great regard; kaachit= a woman; aalambya= clinging; charaNau= his feet; kaachit= a woman; avalambya cha= catching hold; kaNThe= of his neck.
A woman wept, embracing him out of great regard, another woman clinging to his feet and another, catching hold of his neck.
utkñipya ca bhujau käcid bhümau suparivartate |
hatasya vadanaà dåñövä käcinmohamupägamat || 6-110-9
9. kaachit= a woman; suparivartate= rolled; bhuumau= over the ground; utkShipya bhujau= with her arms thrown up; kaachit= a woman; dR^iShTvaa= on seeing; hatasya vadanam= the face of her deceased husband; upaagamat moham= fell into a swoon.
A woman rolled over the ground, with her arms thrown up. On seeing the face of her deceased husband, another woman fell into a swoon.
käcidaìke çiraù kåtvä ruroda mukhamékñaté |
snäpayanté mukhaà bäñpaistuñärairiva paìkajam || 6-110-10
10. kR^itvaa= keeping; shiraH= his head; aN^ke= in her lap; kaachit= a woman; iikShatii= looking at; mukham= his face; ruroda= wept; snaapayantii= moistening; mukham= that face; baaShpaiH= with her tears; paN^kajam iva= as (moistening) a lotus; tuShaaraiH= with dew-drops.
Keeping Ravana's head in her lap, a woman, looking at his face, wept moistening that face with her tears, as dew drops moisten a lotus-flower.
evamärtäù patià dåñövä rävaëaà nihataà bhuvi |
cukruçurbahudhä çokädbhüyastäù paryadevayan || 6-110-11
yena viträsitaù çakro yena viträsito yamaù |
yena vaiçravaëo räjä puñpakeëa viyojitaù || 6-110-12
gandharväëämåñéëäà ca suräëäà ca mahätmanäm |
bhayaà yena raëe dattaà so'yaà çete raëe hataù || 6-110-13
11-13. saH ayam= that Ravana; yena= by whom; shakraH= Indra; vitraasitaH= was thrown into fear; yena= by whom; yamaH= Yama; vitraasitaH= was frightened; yena= by whom; raajaa= the king; vaishravaNaH= Kubera; viyojitaH= was deprived of; puShpakena= Pushpaka, the aerial car; yena= by whom; bhayam= fear; dattam= was caused; raNe= in battle; ganaharvaaNaam to Gandharvas; R^iShiNaam= sages; mahaatmaanaam suraaNaam cha= to the great souled gods; hataH= was killed; raNe= in battle; shete= and lies down.
"That Ravana, by whom Indra was thrown into fear, Yama was struck with terror, by whom Kubera the king was deprived of Pushpaka the aerial car, and by whom fear was caused on the battle-field in the Gandharva the celestial musicians, in the sages and the great-souled gods, lies killed in the battle-field."
asurebhyaù surebhyo vä pannagebhyo'pi vä tathä |
bhayaà yo na vijänäti tasyedaà mänuñäd bhayam || 6-110-14
14. idam bhayam= this danger (has come); maanuShaat= from a mortal; tasya= to him; yaH bhayam na vijaanaati= who did not conceive any fear; asurebhyaH= from the demons; surebhyovaa= or the gods; tathaa= and; pannagebhyo.api= even the serpents for that matter!.
"This danger has come from a mortal to him, who did not conceive any fear from the demons or the gods or even the serpents for that matter!"
avadhyo devatänäà yastathä dänavarakñasäm |
hataù so'yaà raëe çete mänuñeëa padätinä || 6-110-15
15. shete= here lies; raNe= in the battle field; saH ayam= that Ravana; yaH avadhyaH= who was incapable of being killed; devataanaam= by gods; tathaa= and; daanava raakShasaanaam= devils and demons; hataH= but who was killed; padaatinaa maanuSheNa= by a pedestrian man.
"Here lies killed in battle, by a pedestrian man coming from Ayodhya, that Ravana, who was incapable of being killed by gods and even so by devils and demons too."
yo na çakyaù surairhantuà na yakñairnäsuraistathä |
so'yaà kaçcidiväsattvo måtyuà maryena lambhitaù || 6-110-16
16. yaH= He who; na shakyaH= could not be; hantum= killed; suraiH= by gods; yakShaiH= Yakshas; na tathaa asuraiH= and demons like; mR^ityum lambhitaH= could be killed; martyena= by a mortal; kashchit iva asattvaH= like one devoid of strength.
"He who could not be killed by gods, Yakshas and demons alike, could be killed by a mortal like one devoid of strength."
evaà vadantyo rurudastasya tä duùkhitäù striyaù |
bhüya eva ca duùkhärtä vilepuçca punaù punaù || 6-110-17
17. evam= thus; vadantyaH= uttering; tasy taaH striyaH= those women of Ravana; duH khitaaH= wailing (as aforesaid); ruruduH= burst into tears; bhuuyaH eva= once more; punaH punaH= (they) repeatedly; vilepuH= lamented; duHkhartaaH= stricken as they were with grief.
Thus uttering, those women of Ravana, wailing as aforesaid, burst into tears. They once more and repeatedly lamented, stricken, as they were, with grief (as follows):
açåëvatä tu suhådäà satataà hitavädinäm |
maraëäyähåtä sétä räkñasäçca nipätitäù || 6-110-18
etäù samamidänéà te vayamätmä ca pätitaù |
18. maraNaaya= for your own death; siitaa= Seetha; aahR^itaa= was borne away (by you); ashR^iNvataa= who did not listen; satatam hita vaadinaam suhR^idaam= to your near and dear ones, who always offered friendly counsel to you; raakShasaashcha= the demons; nipaatitaaH= were struck down; te etaaH vayam= here stand we (your consorts); aatmaacha samam= as well as your own self; paatitaH= struck down; idaaniim= now.
"For your own death, Seetha was borne away by you, who did not listen to your near and dear ones, who always offered friendly counsel to you. The demons were struck down. Here, stand we (your consorts) as well as your own self, struck down now."
bruväëo'pi hitaà väkyamiñöo bhrätä vibhéñaëaù || 6-110-19
dhåñöaà paruñito mohättvayätmavadhakäìikñëä |
19. bruvaano.api= though tendering; hitam= salutary; vaakyam= advice; (to you) vibhiiShaNaH= Vibhishana; iShTaH bhraataa= your beloved brother; dhR^iShTam= was harshly; paruShitaH= scolded; tvayaa= by you; mohaat= through ignorance; aatma vadha kaaN^kShiNaH= who sought your own destruction.
"Though tendering salutary advice to you, Vibhishana your beloved brother, was harshly scolded through ignorance by you, who sought your own destruction."
yadi niryätitä te svätsétä rämäya maithilé || 6-110-20
na naù syädvyasanaà ghoramidaà mülaharaà mahat |
20. yadi syaat te niryaatitaa= if you had restored; siitaa= Seetha; maithilii= a princess of Mithila; raamaaya= to Rama; idam= this; mahat ghoram= this appallingly terrific; vyasanam= disaster; na muula haram= which has robbed us of every root; nasyaat= would not have befallen us.
"If you had restored Seetha a princess of Mithila to Rama, this appallingly terrific disaster, which has robbed us of every root, would not have befallen us."
våttakämo bhavedbhrätä rämo mitrakulaà bhavet || 6-110-21
vayaà cävidhaväù sarväù sakämä na ca çatravaù |
21. (If you had restored Seetha) bhraataa= Vibhishana, your brother; bhavet= would have; vR^ittakaamaH= had his desire fulfilled; raamaH= Rama; bhavet= would have been; mitrakulam= in the company of our allies; sarvaaH vayam= all of us (would have been) avidhavaaH= spared the curse of widowhood; shatravaH cha= and our enemies na would not have; sakaamaaH= realised their ambition.
"If you had restored Seetha to Rama, Vibhishana your brother would have had his desire fulfilled. Rama would have been in the company of our allies. All of us would have been spared the curse of widowhood and our enemies would not have realized their ambition."
tvayä punarnåçaàsena sétäà saàrundhatä balät || 6-110-22
räkñasä vayamätmä ca trayaà tulyaà nipätitam |
22. tvayaa punaH= by you; more over; balaat= who forcefully; samruudhataa= captivated; siitaam= Seetha; nR^ishamsena= cruelly; tulyam nipaatitam= destroyed all at once; raakShasaaH= the demons; vayamcha= we (your consorts); aatmaacha= and your youself too; trayam= all the three.
"By you, however, who forcefully captivated Seetha cruelly, the demons, we (your consorts) and your own self all the three have been destroyed all at once."
na kämakäraù kämaà vä tava räkñasapuìgava|
daivaà ceñöayate sarvaà hataà daivena hanyate || 6-110-23
23. raakShasa pungava= O the excellent demon!; kaamam= really; tava= your; kaamakaaraH= act of following your own free will; na vaa= may not be the reason either; sarvam= all; cheShTayate= is being done; daivam= by a divine power; hatam= struck; hanyate= and ruined; devena= by the divine power.
"O the excellent demon! Your act of following your own free will, may not be the reason for your destruction, either for, all is being run by a divine power, struck and ruined by the divine power."
vänaräëäm vinäço'yaà räkñasänäà ca te raëe |
tava caiva mahäbäho daivayogädupägtaù || 6-110-24
24. mahaabaaho= O the great armed!; ayam= this; vinashaH= destruction; vaanaraaNaam= of the monkeys; te raakShasaanaamcha= your demons; tava cha= and yourself; raNe= in the battle; upaagataH= happened; daivayogaat= at the juncture of the providence (alone).
"This destruction of the monkeys, your demons as also yourself, in the battle, has happened at the juncture of the Providence (alone), O the great armed!"
nai värthena na kämena vikrameëa na cäjïayä |
çakyä daivagatirloke nivartayitumudyatä || 6-110-25
25. daivagatiH= the course of destiny; udyataa= when ready to bear fruit; na shakyaa= cannot be; nivartayitum= diverted; arthena= by money; na kaamena= nor by wish; na vikrameNa= nor by valour; na aajJNayaacha= nor even by command; loke= in this world.
"The course of destiny, when ready to bear fruit, cannot be diverted either by money, or by wish, or by valour or even by command in this world."
vilepurevaà dénästä räkñasädhipayoñitaù |
kurarya iva duùkhärtä bäñpaparyäkulekñaëäù || 6-110-26
taaH= those; raakShasaadhipa yoShitaH= consorts of Ravana; diinaaH= depressed as they were; duHkhaartaaH= and afflicted with grief; baaShpa paryaakulekShaNaaH= with their eyes full of tears; vilepuH= lamented; evam= thus; kuravyaH iva= like female ospreys.
Those consorts of Ravana, depressed as they were and afflicted with grief, with their eyes full of tears, thus lamented like female ospreys.
ityärñe çrémadrämäyaëe ädikävye yuddhakäëòe daçädhikaçatatamaù sargaù
Thus, this is the 110th chapter in Yuddha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.
© July 2009, K. M. K. Murthy