Chapter [Sarga] 10

Introduction

Vibhishana, the half-brother of Ravana, lists out bad omens occurring in the city and in the gynaeceum and advises Ravana to restore Seetha to Rama as an atonement t these evil forces. Ravana turns a deaf ear to Vibhishanas counsel and sends him away.


Verse Locator

tt> Tyu;is ae axmaRwRiny>,
ra]saixpteveRZm -ImkmaR iv-I;[>. 6101

1. tataH= thereafter; vibhiiSaNaH= Vibhishana; praapta dharmaartha nishcayaH= who arrived at a settlement about virtue, pleasure and wealth; bhiimakarmaa= and who was terrible in his act; praapte= on arrival of; pratyuSasi= the dawn; veshma= (entered) the palace; raakSasaadhipateH= of Ravana.

Vibhishana, who always arrived at a settlement in matters of virtue, pleasure and wealth and who was terrible in his act, on arrival of the dawn, entered the palace of Ravana.

Verse Locator

zElacysMkazm! zElz&Jgimvaetm!,
suiv-mhak]m! mhajnpirhm!. 6102

2. shailaagracayasankaasham= looking like a multitude of mountain-tops; unnatam= elevated; shaila shR^ingamiva= like a mountain-peak; suvibhakta mahaakakSam= well-divided into large apartments mahaajana parigraham= occupied by eminent men.

Ravanas palace was looking like a mass of rocks, elevated like a mountain-peak, well-divided into spacious apartments and occupied by eminent men.

Verse Locator

mitmimRhamaErnurkErixitm!,
ra]sErapyaREh svRt> pirri]tm!. 6103

3. adhiSThitam= It was inhabited; mahaamatraiH= by prime ministers; matimadbhiH= who were intelligent; anuraktaiH= and beloved; parirakSitam= It was guarded; sarvataH= on all sides; raakSasaiH= by demons; aapta paryaaptaiH= who were trust-worthy and efficient.

It was inhabited by prime ministers, who were intelligent and beloved. It was guarded on all sides by demons, who were trust worthy and efficient.

Verse Locator

mmatJgin>asEVyaRklIktmatm!,
zJo"ae;mha"ae;m! tUyRsMbaxnaidtm!. 6104

4. matta maatamga niHshvaasaiH= by the sighing breaths of elephants in rut; vyaakuliikR^ita maarutam= the air was filled; shaNkha ghoSa mahaaghoSam= with a tumultuous noise produced by the sounds of couches; tuurya sambaadha naaditaam= made to resound, by a set of musical instruments.

The air was filled with the sighing breaths of elephants in rut, with tumultuous noise produced by the blowing of conches and made to resound by an ensemble of musical instruments.

Verse Locator

mdajnsMbaxm! jiLptmhapwm!,
tkaninyURhm! -U;[aem-Ui;tm!. 6105

5 pramadaajana sambaadhaam= filled with women-folk; prajalpita mahaapatham= with principal pasaages having spoken words; taptakaaNcana niryuuham= with turrets made of pure gold; bhuuSaNottama bhuuSitam= adorned with excellent decorations.

The palace was filled with a number of women-folk. It was having principal passages in which spoken words were heard. It was having turrets made of pure gold and adorned with excellent decors.

Verse Locator

gNxvaR[aimvavasmalym! mtaimv,
rsMcysMbaxm! -vnm! -aeignaimv. 6106

6 aavaasam iva= It was like an abode; gandharvaaNaam= of Gandharvas; aalayam iva= like a palace marutaam= of Marus; ratna samhaya sambaadhaam= filled with a collection of jewels; bhavanam iva= resembling a house; bhoginaam= of serpents.

The palace was like an abode of Gandharvas (celestial musicians) and of Maruts (strom-gods) filled with a collection of jewels resembling a house of Nagas (serpent-gods).

Verse Locator

tm! mhaimvaidTy StejaeivSt&triZmman!,
AjSyalym! vIr> ivvez mha*uit>. 6107

7. viiraH= the valiant Vbhishana; mahaadyutiH= with great splendour; pravivesha= entered; tam aalayam= that mansion; agrajasya= of his elder brother, Ravana, mahaabhramiva= like a large cloud; aadityaH= by Sun; tejovistR^ita rashmimaan= with rays outstretched with splendour.

The valiant Vibhishana with great splendour entered that mansion of his elder brother, Ravana, like the sun with rays outstretched with splendour entering a big cloud.

Verse Locator

pu{yan! pu{yah"ae;aM veidividatan!,
zuav sumhateja atuivRjysiMtan!. 6108

8. sumahaatejaaH= Vibhishana, with very great radiance; shushraava ca= heard; puNyaan= the auspicious; puNyaaha ghoSaan= sounds of felicitous recital of prayers; udaahR^itaam= uttered; vedavidbhiH= by the knowers of Veda; vijaya samshritaan= relating to victory; bhraatuH= of his brother.

Vibhishana with great radiance, heard the auspicious sounds of felicitous recital of prayers uttered by the knowers of Vedas (scriptural texts), wishing for the victory of his brother.

Verse Locator

pUijtan! dixpaE sipRi-R> sumnae]tE>,
mvedivdae ivan! ddzR s mhabl>. 6109

9. saH= he; mahaabalaH= with great strength; dadarsha= saw; vipraan= Brahmins; mantra veda vidaH= who knew Mantras (sacred texts) and Brahmanas; puujitaan= respected and offered with; dadhipaatraishca= pots filled with curd; sarpirbhiH= with clarified butter; sumanokSataiH= with flowers and unbroken grains of rice.

Vibhishana of great strength, saw Brahmins who know Mantras (sacred texts) and Brahmanas, respected and offered with pots filled of curd, clarified butter as well as with flowers and unbroken rice.

Verse Locator

s pUJymanae r]aei-IPymanm! Svtejsa,
AsvSwm! mhabavRvNde xndanujm!. 61010

10. mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; saH= Vibhishana; puujyamaanaH= being adored; rakSobhiH= by demons; diipyamaanam= and shining; svategasaa= by his own splendour; vavande= offered salutation; dhanadaanuham= to Ravana the younger brother Kubera (Lord of riches), aasanastham= who was on the throne.

The mighty armed Vibhishana, being adored by the deomons and shining by his own splendour, offered salutation to Ravana the younger brother of Kubera (the lord of riches), who occupied the throne.

Verse Locator

s rajisMpmasnm! hem-Ui;tm!,
jgam smudacarm! yuJyacarkaeivd>. 61011

11. prayujya= employing; samudaacaaram= customary formalities; saH= Vibhishana; aachara kovidaH= who knew the code of conduct; jagaama= obtained; aasanam= a seat; hemabhuuSitam= adorned with gold; raaja dR^iSTi sampannam= endowed to him by a glance of the king.

Practicing customary formalities, Vibhishana who knew the code of conduct, obtained a seat adorned with gold, as endowed to him by a glance of the king.

Verse Locator

s rav[m! mhaTmanm! ivjne misixaE,
%vac ihtmTywRm! vcnm! hetuinitm!. 61012

12. mantra samnidhau= in the presence of ministers, vijane= and in privation; saH= Vibhishana; uvaacha= spoke; raavaNam= to Ravana; mahaatmaanam= the powerful; vachanam= the words; hetunishcitam= convinced of reason; atyartham= and very much; hitam= beneficial.

In the presence of ministers and in privation, Vibhishana spoke to powerful Ravana the words convinced of reason and which were very much beneficial.

Verse Locator

sa* atrm! Jyem! saNTvenaepiSwtm>,
dezkalawRsMvaid laekprav>. 61013

13. dR^iSTa lokaparaaparaH= Vibhishana, who could behold good and evil things in the world; prasaadya= having sought the favour; jyeSTham bhraataram= from his elder (half-) brother, saantvenaa= by means of soothing words; upasthita kramaH= arranged in order; deshakaalartha samvaadi= spoke in consonance with place, time and purpose.

Vibhishana, who could discriminate between good and evil things in the world, having sought the favour from his eldest (half-) brother by means of soothing words arranged in an order, spoke in consonance with place, time and purpose.

Verse Locator

yda -&it vEdehI sMaeh prtp,
tda -&it ZyNte inimaNyzu-ain n>. 61014

14. paramtapa= O, annihilator of enemies; yadaa prabhR^iti= since when; vaidehii= Seetha; sampraaptaa= came; iha= here; tadaa prabhR^iti= since then; ashubhaani= inauspicious; nimittaani= omnes; dR^ishyante= are being seen; naH= by us.

O, annihilator of enemies! We are seeing inauspicious omens, since Seetha arrived here.

Verse Locator

sS)ilJg> sxUmaicRh sxUmklu;aedy>,
msM"tae=PyinR sMygi-vxRte. 61015

15. mantra samghahutaH api= even if the sacrificial fire is fed with oblations while uttering a set of proper Mantras (scared texts); agniH= the fire; naabhivardhate= is not flaring up; samyak= well; sasphuliN^gaH= with rising sparks; sadhuumaarahiH= with flames containing smoke; sadhuumakaluSodayaH= cming forth polluted with soot.

Even if the sacrificial fire is fed with oblations while uttering a proper set of Mantras (Spiritual texts), the fire is not flaring up well, emitting sparks, its flames are enveloped in smoke and are coming forth, polluted with soot.

Verse Locator

Aie:vizalasu twa SwlI;u c,
prIp&pai[ ZyNte hVye;u c ippIilka>. 61016

16. sariisR^ipaaNi= serpents; dR^ishyanti= are seen; agniSTheSu= at the corner of the sacrificial post which is nearest the fires; agnishaalaasu= in houses keeping sacrificial fire; tathaa= and; brahma sthaliiSu ca= in places where sacred studies are made; pipiilikaaH= ants (are seen); havyeSu= in things to be offered as oblations.

Serpents are seen at the corner of the sacrificial post which is nearest the fire, also in houses keeping sacrificial fire and in places where sacred studies are made. Ants are seen in things to be offered as oblations.

Verse Locator

gvam! pyaiMs Skain ivmda vrkra>,
dInma> he;Nte n c asai-niNdn>. 61017

17. payaamsi= milk; gavaam= of cows; skannaani= is getting curdled; varakuNjaraaH= excellent elephants; vimadaaH= are bereft of rut; ashraaH=horses; praheSante= are neighing, diinam= miserably; na ca= and not; graasaabhinanditaH= rejoicing at grass.

Cows milk is getting curdled. Excellent elephants are bereft of rut. Horses are neighing miserably and are not rejoiced in eating grass.

Verse Locator

orae+atra rajiN-raema> viNt c,
n Sv-ave=vitNte ivxanErip icNtta>. 61018

18. raajan= O, king; kharoSTraashvataraaH= donkeys, camels and mules; sravantica= shed tears; bhinna romaaH= losing their hair; chintitaaH.api= and even if treated vidhaanaiH= as per medical procedures; na avatiSThante= do not stand; svabhaave= to their nature.

O, king! Donkeys, camels and mules shed tears, losing their hair and even if treated asper medical procedures are not getting cured.

Verse Locator

vaysa> s"z> ra VyahriNt smNtt>,
smveta ZyNte ivmanae;u sM"z>. 61019

19.kruuraaH vaayasaaH= crows; samghashaH= in flocks; vyaaharanti= are crying; kruuraaH= crudly; samastataH= from all sides; dR^shyante= are being seen; samghashaH= in crowds; samavetaaH= assembled together; vimanaagreSu= on house-tops.

Crows in flocks are crying cruelly from all sides and are seen in crowds assembled together on house-tops.

Verse Locator

g&a pirlIyNte purImupir ipi{fta>,
%ppa sMXye e VyahrNTyizvm! izva>. 61020

20. gR^idhraashca= vultures; pariliiyante= fly to and from paripiNDitaaH= in circles; puriimupari= over the city; shivaaH= jackals; vyaaharanti= are crying; ashivam= inauspiciously; upasannaaH= at the approach; dve sandhye= of both dawn and dusk.

Vultures fly to and fro in circles over the city. Jackals are crying inauspiciously at the approach of both dawn and the dusk.

Verse Locator

Vyadanam! m&ga[am! c purIare;u sJ"z>,
UyNte ivpula "ae;a> sivS)ijRtin>Svna>. 61021

21. puriidvaareSu= at city-gates; shruuyante= are heard; vipulaaH= loud; ghoSaaH= cries; kravyaadaanaam= of carnivorons; mR^igaaNaam= animals; saNghashaH= gathered in groups; savisphuurjita niHsvanaaH= with thundering noise.

At city-gates are heard loud cries of carnivorous animals gathered in groups, with thundering noise.

Verse Locator

tdevm! Stute kateR ayiimdm! ]mm!,
raecye vIr vEdehI ra"vay dIytam!. 61022

22. viira= O, brave man; tat= hence; kaarye= (when) the actions of evil forces; prastute= are happening; evam= in this way; idam= this; praayashcittam= atonement; kSama= is appropriate; rocaye= I like it; vaidehi= (that) Seetha; pradiiyataam= be given away; raaghavaaya= to Rama.

O, brave man! Hence, when the actions of evil forces are happening in this way, this atonement is appropriate that Seetha be given away to Rama and I like it.

Verse Locator

#dm! c yid vamaehaae-aa Vyatm! mya,
tap! c mharaj n dae;m! ktuRmhRis. 61023

23. mahaaraja= O, emperor; mayaa vyahR^itam yadi= if I am speaking; idam= this; mohaadvaa= because of infatuation; lobhaadvaa= or greed; tatraapi= in that case also; naarhasi= you ought not; kartum= to find; doSam= fault (with me).

O, emperor! If I am speaking this because of infatuation or greed, in that case also, you ought not to find fault with me.

Verse Locator

Aym! ih dae;> svRSy jnSyaPyaeplyte,
r]sam! ra]sInam! c purSyaNt> purSy c. 61024

24. ayam= these; doSaH= bad omens; upalakSyate hi= are being seeing indeed; rakSasaam= by demons; raakSasiinaamca= by lady-demons; purasya= of the city; antaHpuraasya= and of the gynaeceum; sarvasya= and all; asya= these; janasya= people.

These bad omens are being seen indeed by demons and lady-demons of the city and of the gynaeceum as well as all these people here.

Verse Locator

ap[e caSy mSy inv&a> svRmi[>,
AvZym! c mya vaCym! yίmwva utm!. 61025
siMvxay ywaNyaym! tvan! ktuRmhRit,

25. sarva mantriNaH= all the ministers; nivR^ittaaH= have abstained; praapaNe= to pass; asya= this; mantrasya= counsel; yat= whatever; dR^iSTam= is seen; athavaa= or; shrutam= heard (it); vaacyam= is to be told; avashyam= surely; mayaa= by me; tat= hence, bhavaan= you; arhati= ought; kartum= to do; yathaanyaayam= according to fitness of things; samvidhaaya= for the occasion.

All your ministers have abstained to pass this counsel to you. Whatever is seen or heard, it is to be told certainly by me. Hence, you ought to do according to a justification of things for the occasion.

Verse Locator

#it Svmi[am! mXye ata atrmUicvan!. 61026
rav[m! r]sam! em! pWymeti-I;[>,

26. vibhishaNaH= Vibhishana; bhraataa= (the half-)brother; uucivaan= spoke; iti= these; pathyam= beneficial; etat= words; raavaNam= to Ravana; rakSasaam shreSTham= the best among demons; svamantriNaam= in the midst of ministers; bhraataram= of his (half-) brother

Vibhishana, the half- bother spoke these beneficial words to Ravana, the best among demons in the midst of his half-brothers ministers.

Verse Locator

ihtm! mhawRm! m\ hetusiMhtm!,
VytItkalayitsMit]mm!,
inzMy taKymupiSwtJvr>,
sJgvanurmet dvIt!. 61027

27. prasaNgavaan= Ravana, who had evil inclination; nishamya= heard; tat= those; vaakyam= words; hitam= which were beneficial; mahaartam= very well-meaning; mR^idu= soft; hetusamhitam= conformable to reason; vyatiitakaalaayati sampratikSamam= and suitable for the past future and the present times, upasthitajvaraH= got enraged; abraviit= uttered; etat= this; uttaram= reply.

Ravana, who had evil inclination, heard those words, which were beneficial very well-meant, soft, conformable to reason and suitable for the past future and present times, got enraged and uttered this reply.

Verse Locator

-ym! n pZyaim ktidPyhm!,
n ra"v> aPSyit jatu mEiwlIm!,
surE> sheNErip sMgre kwm!,
mmat> SwaSyit lm[aj>. 61028

28. na pashyaami= I do not see; bhayam= fear; bhayam= fear; kutashchidapi= from whom so ever; raamaH= Rama; napraapsyati= cannot obtain; maithiliim= Seetha; jaatu= by any means; katham= how; lakshmaNaagrajaH= Rama; sthaasyati= can stand; agrataH= before me; sangare= in battle; shendraiH= even along with Indra; surairapi= together with celestials also?

I do not see any fear from whom so ever. Rama cannot obtain Seetha by any means. How Rama even along with Indra and the celestials can stand before me in battle?

Verse Locator

#Tyevmuva sursENynaznae,
mhabl> sMyit c{fivm>,
dzannae atrmavaidnm!,
ivsjRyamas tda iv-I;[m!. 61029

29. dasgaababaH= Ravana; surasainya raashanaH= who annihilates the army of celestials; mahaabalaH= (and) very powerful; chaNDavikramaH= with an impetuous valour; ityevam= thus; uktvaa= spoke; tadaa= then; visarjayaamaasa= sent away; vibhiiSaNam= Vibhishana; aaptavaadinam= who spoke honestly.

Ravana, who annihilated the army of celestials and who was very powerful with an impetuous valour, thus spoke and then sent away Vibhishana, who had spoken honestly.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye yuka{fe dzm> sgR

Thus completes 10th Chapter of Yuddha Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War : Chapter 10

 

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Sarga 10 in English Prose

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June 2003, K. M. K. Murthy