Having destroyed some monkeys in the battle-field, Ravana tries to approach Rama to continue his fight. Meanwhile, Sugreeva along with some monkeys attack some chiefs of demons and destroy them. Then, Virupaksha a demon comes and attacks Sugreeva. Sugreeva brings down a violent slap on the temple-bone of Virupaksha and kills him.
tathā taiḥ kṛttagātraistu daśagrīveṇa mārgaṇaiḥ |
babhūva vasudhā tatra prakīrṇā haribhirvṛtā || 6-96-1
1. vasudhaa = the battle-field; tatra = there; babhuuva = became; prakiirNaa = dispersed; taiH = by those; haribhiH = monkeys; tadaa = then; kR^ittagaatraiH = by their bodies torn; maargaNaiH = with his arrows; dashagriiveNa = by Ravana; tathaa = in that manner.
The battle-field there, on its part, was strewn on that occasion with those monkeys whose bodies had thus been torn asunder by Ravana with his arrows.
rāvaṇasyāprasahyan tan śarasampātamekataḥ |
na śekuḥ sahitun dīptaṃ pataṅgā iva pāvakam || 6-96-2
2. (Those monkeys); na shekuH = could not; sahitum = bear; tam = that; aprsahyam = irresistible; sharapaatam = descent of arrows; ekatam raavaNasya = loosed by Ravana alone; pataN^gaaH yathaa = as moths; (cannot bear); diiptam jvalanam = a blazing fire.
Those monkeys could not bear that irresistible descent of arrows loosed by Ravana, any more than moths would bear a blazing fire.
tearditā niśitairbāṇaiḥ krośanto vipradudruvuḥ |
pāvakārciḥsamāviṣṭā dahyamānā yathā gajāḥ || 6-96-3
3. te = those monkeys; arditaaH = tormented; nishitaiH baaNaiH = by sharp arrows; vipradudruvuH = fled away; kroshantaH = roaring; gajaaH yathaa = as elephants (run away); paavaakaarchiH samaaviShTaaH = when enveloped in flames of fire; dahyamaanaaH = and getting scorched.
Those monkeys tormented by sharp arrows, fled away roaring, as elephants run away, when enveloped in flames of fire and getting scorched by them.
plavaṅgānāmanīkāni mahābhrāṇīva mārutaḥ |
sa yayau samare tasminvidhamanrāvaṇaḥ śaraiḥ || 6-96-4
4. raavaNaH = Ravana; samyayau = was marching forward swiftly; tasmin samare = in that battle-field; vidhaman = blowing away; aniikaani = the army; plavaN^gamaan = of monkeys; maarutaH iva = like the wind; (blows away); mahaabhraaNi = large clouds.
Ravana was marching forward swiftly in that battle-field, blowing away the army of monkeys, like the wind blows away large clouds.
kadanan tarasā kṛtvā rākṣasendro vanaukasām |
āsasāda tato yuddhe rāghavan tvaritastadā || 6-96-5
5. kadanam kR^itvaa = destroying; tarasaa = with his strength; vanaukasaam = the monkeys; tato yuddhe = in that battle; raakShasendraH = Ravana; tvaritam = quickly; aasasaada = approached; raaghavam = Rama; raNe = on the battle-field.
Having brought about with his might the destruction of those monkeys in battle, Ravana quickly approached Rama on the battle-field.
sugrīvastānkapīndṛṣṭvā bhagnānvidravato raṇe |
gulme suṣeṇaṃ nikṣipya cakre yuddhe drutaṃ manaḥ || 6-96-6
6. dR^iShTvaa = seeing; taan kapiin = those monkeys; vidraavitaan = running away; bhagnaan = in defeat; raNe = in the battle; sugriivaH = Sugreeva; nikShipya = keeping; suSheNam = Sushena; gulme = as a guard for his soldiers; drutam = and quickly; manaH chakre = threw his mind; yuddhe = into the fight.
Seeing those monkeys running away in defeat in that battle, Sugreeva kept Sushena in charge of his army and quickly threw his mind into the fight.
ātmanaḥ sadṛśan vīraṃ sa taṃ nikṣipya vānaram |
sugrīvoabhimukhaḥ śatruṃ pratasthe pādapāyudhaḥ || 6-96-7
7. nikShipya = keeping; tam viiram vaanaram = that valiant Sushena; sadR^isham = who was equal; aatmanaH = to himself; saH sugriivaH = that Sugreeva; paadapaayudhaH = armed witht he tree as a weapon; pratasthe = marched forward; shatrum abhimukham = towards the enemy.
Keeping that Sushena who was equal to himself, his substitute, that Sugreeva, armed with the tree as a weapon, marched forward towards the enemy.
pārśvataḥ pṛṣṭhataścāsya sarve yūthādhipāḥ svayam |
anujahrurmahāśailānvividhāṃśca mahādrumān || 6-96-8
8. mahaashailaan = (Taking) huge rocks; vividhaan vanaspatiimshcha = and various kinds of trees; sarve = all; vaanara yuuthapaaH = the monkey-warriors; anujagmuH = followed; (Sugreeva); asya paarshrataH = at his side; pR^iShThatashcha = and behind.
Taking huge rocks and various kinds of trees, all the monkey-warriors followed Sugreeva at his side and behind.
sa nadanyudhi sugrīvaḥ svareṇa mahatā mahān |
pātayanvividhāṃścānyāñjaghānottamarākṣasān || 6-96-9
9. mahaan = the gigantic; sugreevaH = Sugreeva; manarda = roared; mahataa svareNa = at a high pitch; yudhi = in the battle-field; pothayan = striking with his blows; mamantha = (he) crushed; anyaan vividhaan = various other; uttama raakShasaan = chiefs of demons.
The gigantic Sugreeva roared at a high pitch in the battle-field. Striking with his blows, he crushed various other chiefs of demons.
mamarda ca mahākāyo rākṣasānvānareśvaraḥ |
yugāntasamaye vāyuḥ pravṛddhānagamāniva || 6-96-10
10. mahaakaayaH = the colossal bodied; vaanareshvaraH = Sugreeva; mamarda cha = smashed; raakShasaan = the demons; pravR^iddhaan agamaaniva = as the grown-up trees; (are smashed); vaayuH = by the wind; yugaantasamaye = at the time of dissolution of the world.
The colossal bodied Sugreeva smashed the demons, as the grown-up trees are smashed by the wind at the time of dissolution of the world.
rākṣasānāmanīkeṣu śailavarṣan vavarṣa ha |
aśvavarṣan yathā meghaḥ pakṣisaṅgheṣu kānane || 6-96-11
11. vavarSha = (Sugreeva) rained; shaila varSham = a hail of rocks; raakShasaam aniikeShu = on the army of demons; meghaH yathaa = as a cloud; (rains); ashvavarShaM = a shower of hail-stones; pakShisamgheShu = on a host of birds; kaanane = in a forest.
Sugreeva rained a hail of rocks on the army of demons, as a cloud rains a shower of hail-stones on a host of birds in a forest.
kapirājavimuktaistaiḥ śailavarṣaistu rākṣasāḥ |
vikīrṇaśirasaḥ peturnikṛttā iva parvatāḥ || 6-96-12
atha saṅkṣīyamāṇeṣu rākṣaseṣu samantataḥ |
sugrīveṇa prabhagneṣu patatsu vinadatsu ca || 6-96-13
virūpākṣaḥ svakaṃ nāma dhanvī viśrāvya rākṣasaḥ |
rathādāplutya durdharṣo gajaskandhamupāruhat || 6-96-14
12-14. raakShaseShu = (While) those demons; prabhagneShu = defeated; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; atha = and then; patasucha = falling on the floor; nadatsu = roaring; samkShiiyamaaNeShu = get diminished; samantataH = on all sides; durdharShaH = the indomitable; viruupaakShaH = Virupaksha; raakShasaH = the demon; dhanvii = holder of the bow; vishraavya = pronouncing; naama = his name; svam = himself; aaplutya = descending; rathaat = from his chariot; upaaruhat = mounted; gajaskandham = the back of an elephant.
While those demons, thus defeated by Sugreeva, falling on the floor and then roaring, get diminished in number from all sides, the indomitable Virupaksha the demon, holding a bow, pronouncing his name by himself, descended from his chariot and mounted the back of an elephant.
sa tan dviradamāruhya virūpākṣo mahārathaḥ |
vinadanbhīmanirhrālan vānarānabhyadhāvata || 6-96-15
15. saH mahaabalaH = that mighty; nirupaakShaH = Virupaksha; aaruhya = mounting; tam dvipam = that elephant; nanarda = roared; atha = then; bhiimanirharaadam = a terrific noise; abhyadhaavata = and rushed; vaanaraan = towards the monkeys.
That mighty Virupaksha, mounting that elephant, then roared a terrific noise and rushed towards the monkeys.
sugrīve sa śarānghorānvisasarja camūmukhe |
sthāpayāmāsā codvignānrākṣasānsampraharṣayan || 6-96-16
16. visasarja = (Virupaksha) released; ghoraan = dreadful; sharaan = arrows; sugriive = on Sugreeva; chamuumukhe = who was as the front-rank of the army; sthaapayamaasa = (He) strengthened his support; udvignaan = to the worried; raakShasaan = demons; sampraharShayan = by cheering them up.
Virupaksha released dreadful arrows on Sugreeva who was at the front-rank of the army. He strengthened his support to the worried demons, by cheering them up.
soatividdhaḥ śitairbāṇaiḥ kapīndrastena rakṣasā |
cukrodha ca mahākrodho vadhe cāsya mano dadhe || 6-96-17
17. saH kapiindvaH = Sugreeva; that king of monkeys; atividdhaH = when struck severely; shitaiH baaNaiH = with sharp arrows; tena rakShasaa = by that demon; chukrosha = shouted loudly; mahaakrodhaH = with profuse anger; dadhe manaH = he set his mind; asya vadhe = on killing him.
Sugreeva, the king of monkeys, when he was struck severely with sharp arrows by that demon, shouted loudly. With profuse anger, he set his mind on killing him.
tataḥ pādapamuddhṛtya śūraḥ sampradhane hariḥ |
abhipatya jaghānāsya pramukhe taṃ mahāgajam || 6-96-18
18. uddR^itya = uplifting; paadapam = a tree; abhipatya = and coming near; tam = that; mahaagajam = huge elephant; shuuraH hariH = the valiant Sugreeva; sampradhanaH = a thorough fighter; jaghaana = struck it; pramukhe = on its face.
Uplifting a tree and coming near that huge elephant, the valiant Sugreeva, a thorough fighter, struck it on its face.
sa tu prahārābhihataḥ sugrīveṇa mahāgajaḥ |
apāsarpaddhanurmātraṃ niṣasāda nanāda ca || 6-96-19
19. saH = that; mahaagajaH = huge elephant; prahaara abhihataH = struck with the blow; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; apaasarpat = receded; dhanurmaatram = to a distance of four yards; niShasaada = sank down; nanaada cha = and roared too.
That huge elephant, struck with the blow of Sugreeva, receded to a distance of four yards, sank down and roared too.
gajāttu mathitāttūrṇamapakramya sa vīryavān |
rākṣasoabhimukhaḥ śatruṃ pratyudgamya tataḥ kapim || 6-96-20
ārṣabhan carmakhaḍgaṃ ca pragṛhya laghuvikramaḥ |
bhartsayanniva sugrīvamāsasāda vyavasthitam || 6-96-21
20; 21. apakramya = descending; tuurNam = quickly; mathitaat gajaat = from his wounded elephant; saH = that; viiryavaan = valiant; raakShasaH = demon; tataH = then; pragR^ihya = seizing hold of; khaD^gam cha = his sword; aarShabham charma = from a shield made of a bull's hide; pratyudgmya laghuvikramaH = and advancing in rapid paces; abhimukhaH = facing; kapim = Sugreeva; the monkey; shatrum = his enemy; aasasaada = approached; sugriivam = Sugreeva; vyavasthitam = who stood firm; bhartsayanniva = threatening him as it were.
Descending quickly from his wounded elephant, that valiant demon then seizing hold of his sword from a shield made of a bull's hide and advancing in rapid paces, facing towards Sugreeva his enemy, approached him, who stood firm, threatening him as it were.
sa hi tasyābhisaṅkruddhaḥ pragṛhya mahatīn śilām |
virūpākṣāya cikṣepa sugrīvo jaladopamām || 6-96-22
22. abhisamkruddhaH = enraged; tasya = on that Virupaksha; saH sugriivaH = that Sugreeva; pragR^ihya = taking; shilaam = a rock; vipulaam = so extensive; jaladopamam = as a cloud; chikShepa = threw (it); viruupaakShasya = on Virupaksha.
Taking a huge rock, which looked like a cloud, that Sugreeva, who felt enraged, threw it on Virupaksha.
sa tān śilāmāpatantīn dṛṣṭvā rākṣasapuṅgavaḥ |
apakramya suvikrāntaḥ khaḍgena prāharattadā || 6-96-23
23. dR^iShTvaa = seeing; taam shilaam = that rock; aapatantiim = falling; saH suvikraantaH = that highly valiant; raakShasapungavaH = excellent of demons; tadaa = then; apakramya = receding away; praaharat = struck (him); khaDgena = with a sword.
Seeing that rock falling, that highly valiant and excellent of demons then receding away, struck him with a sword.
tena khaḍgena saṅkruddhaḥ sugrīvasya camūmukhe |
kavacaṃ pātayāmāsa sa khaḍgābhihatoapatat || 6-96-24
24. hataH = wounded; khaDga praaareNa = by the blow of the sword; balinaa tena rakShasaa = of that strong demon; vaanaraH = Sugreeva; abhavat = became; visamjJNaH iva = as though unconscious; bhuumau = on the ground; muhuurtam = for a moment.
Wounded by the blow of the sword of that strong demon, Sugreeva became as though unconscious on the ground, for a moment.
sahasā sa tadotpatya rākṣasasya mahāhave |
muṣṭiṃ saṃvartya vegena pātayāmāsa vakṣasi || 6-96-25
25. tadaa = then; utpatya = bouncing up; sahasaa = suddenly; mahaahave = in that great battle; saH = that Sugreeva; samvartya = tightening; muShTim = his fist; paatayaamaasa = brought it down; raakShasasya vakShasi = on the demon's chest; vegena = violently.
Then, bouncing up suddenly in that great battle, Sugreeva, tightening his fist, brought it down on the demon's chest violently.
muṣṭiprahārābhihato virūpākṣo niśācaraḥ |
tena khaḍgena saṃkruddhaḥ sugrīvasya camūmukhe || 6-96-26
kavacam pātayāmāsa padbhyāmabhihato.apatat |
26. samkruddhaH = enraged; muShTiprahaara abhihataH = when struck by the blow of the fist; viruupaakShaH = Virupaksha; nishaacharaH = the demon; paatayaamaasa = brough donw; kavacham = the armour; sugriivasya = of Sugreeva; tena khaDgena = by his sword; chamuumukhe = at the battle-front; abhihataH = Sugreeva; struck by him; apatat = fell down; padbhyaam = from his feet.
Feeling enraged, when struck by the blow of that fist, Virupaksha the demon brought down the armour of Sugreeva by his sword at the battle-front. Thus struck by him, Sugreeva fell down from his feet.
sa samutthāya patitaḥ kapistasya vyasarjayat || 6-96-27
talaprahāramaśaneḥ samānaṃ bhīmanisvanam |
27. samutthaaya = getting up; patitaH = when fallen; saH kapiH = that Sugreeva; vyasarjayat = gave; tasya = him; talaprahaaram = a sharp; bhiimaniH svanam = with a terrific sound; samaanam = equal; aashaneH = to a thunder.
Getting up when fallen, Sugreeva gave him a slap, which produced a terrific sound similar to a thunder.
talaprahāran tadrakṣaḥ sugrīveṇa samudyatam || 6-96-28
naipuṇyānmocayitvainaṃ muṣṭinorasyatāḍayat |
28. mochaitvaa = setting himself free; tala prahaaram = from that slap; samudyataat = which was about to be raised; sugreeva = by Sugreeva; naipuNyaat = with skill; tat rakShaH = Virupakha; that demon; ataaDayat = struck; enam = him; urasi = on the chest; muShTinaa = with his fist.
Setting himself free from that slap, which was about to be raised by Sugreeva skillfully, Virupaksha the demon struck Sugreeva on the chest with his fist.
tatastu saṅkruddhataraḥ sugrīvo vānareśvaraḥ || 6-96-29
mokṣitan cātmano dṛṣṭvā prahāraṃ tena rakṣasā |
29. tataH = then; dR^iShTvaa = seeing; aatmanaH = his; prahaaram = blow; mokShitam = being escaped; sugriivaH = Sugreeva; vaanareshvaraH tu = the king of monkeys for his part; samkruddhataraH = was very much enraged.
Then, seeing that demon escaping his blow, Sugreeva the monkey-king for his part, very much enraged.
sa dadarśāntaran tasya virūpākṣasya vānaraḥ || 6-96-30
tato nyapātayatkrodhācchaṅkhadeśe mahātalam |
30.saH vaanaraH = that monkey; dadarsha = saw; antaram = an opportunity; tasya viruupaakShasya = (to strike) that Virupaksha; tataH = then; krodhaat = with anger; paatayat- (Sugreeva) brought down; anyat = another; mahaatalam = violent slap; shaNkha deshe = on his temple-bone.
That monkey saw an opportunity to strike that Virupaksha. Then, with anger, Sugreeva brought down another violent slap on his temple-bone.
mahendrāśanikalpena talenābhihataḥ kṣitau || 6-96-31
papāta rudhiraklinnaḥ śoṇitan sa samudvaman |
srotobhyastu virūpākṣo jalaṃ rasravaṇādiva || 6-96-32
31; 32. viruupaakShaH = Virupaksha; abhihataH = struck; talena = by that palm; mahendra ashanikalpena = like the thunderbolt of Indra the lord of celestials; papaata = fell; kShitau = to the ground; rudhira klinnaH = bathing blood; samudgiran = oozing; shoNitam = blood; bahu = profusely; srotobhyaH = from that apertures of his body; jalamiva = as water (flows); prasravaNaat = from the spring.
Virupaksha, struck by the blow of that palm, which was like the thunderbolt to the ground, oozing blood profusely from the (nine) apertures* of his body, as water flows from the spring.
* Nine apertures of body are two eyes, two nostrils, two ears, mouth, penis and anus.
vivṛttanayanan krodhātsaphena rudhirāplutam |
dadṛśuste virūpākṣan virūpākṣataran kṛtam || 6-96-33
33. te = the monkeys; dadR^ishuH = saw; viruupaakSham = Virupaksha; vivR^itta nayanam = with his eyes rolling; krodhaat = through anger; saphenam rudhiaaplutam = bathed in foaming blood; viruupaakShataram kR^itam = and as such rendered all the more deformed.*
The monkeys saw Virupaksha, bathed in foaming blood, with his eyes rolling through anger and as such rendered all the more deformed.*
* There is a pun here on the word 'Virupaksha' which means one with deformed eyes.
sphurantaṃ parivarjantaṃ pārśvena rudhirokṣitam |
karuṇan ca vinardāntaṃ dadṛśuḥ kapayo ripum || 6-96-34
34. kapayaH = the monkeys; dadR^ishuH = saw; ripum = the enemy; rudhirokShitam = moistened with blood; parivartanam = turning to and from; sphurantam = as also throbbing; paarshvena = on his sides; vinardantam = and roaring; karuNam = piteously.
The monkeys saw their enemy, bathed in blood, turning to and from as also throbbing on his sides and roaring piteously.
tathā tu tau sanyati samprayuktau |
tarasvinau vānararākṣasānām |
balārṇavau sasvanatuḥ sabhīmaṃ |
mahārṇavau dvāviva bhinnavelau || 6-96-35
35. samprayuktau = confronting together; samyati = in the battle-field; tathaa = in that way; tarasvinau bhiimau = those two violent and terrific; balaarNavau = armies which were extensive as seas; raakShasaanaam = of monkeys and demons; sasvanatushcha = roared; dvau mahaarNavau iva = like two large oceans; bhinna setuu = which had burst their bounds.
Confronting together in the battle-field in that way, those two violent and terrific armies which were extensive as oceans, of monkeys and demons, roared like two large oceans which had burst their bounds.
vināśitaṃ prekṣya virūpanetraṃ |
mahābalan tan haripārthivena |
balan samastan kapirākṣasānām |
unmattagaṅgāpratimaṃ babhūva || 6-96-36
36. prekShya = beholding tam = that; mahaabalam = mighty; viruupanetram = virupaksha; vinaashitam = killed; haripaarthivena = by Sugreeva; balam = the army; kapiraakShasaanaam = of monkeys and demon; sametam = together; babhuuva = looked; udvR^itta gaN^gaapratimam = like the agitatd river of Ganga.
Beholding that mighty Virupaksha killed by Sugreeva, the army of monkeys and demons together looked like the agitated river of Ganga.
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ityārṣe srīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye yuddhakāṇḍe ṣaṇṇavatitamaḥ sargaḥ
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© March 2009, K. M. K. Murthy