King Sugreeva asks Hanuma to arrange for setting ablaze the City of Lanka. With torches in their hands, some monkeys throw fire to all parts of Lanka. The City, burnt by the monkeys within a short time, assumed like the earth burning at the time of a terrific dissolution of the world. Getting healed of their wounds, Rama and Lakshmana take their bows to resume fighting. Gates and buildings in the city are tumbled down by Rama's arrows. Ravana gets enraged and sends Kumbha and Nikumbha the sons of Kumbhakarna along with other demons to the battle. A terrific fighting ensure between the monkeys and the demons. All the monkeys finally surround the army of demons in all sides.
tato.abravīnmahātejāḥ sugrīvo vānareśvaraḥ |
arthyam vijñāpayaṃścāpi hanūmantamidaṃ vacaḥ || 6-75-1
1. tataH = then; sugriivaH = Sugreeva; vaanareshvaraH = the king of monkeys; mahaatejaaH = of great majesty; abraviit = spoke; idam = these; arthyam = meaningful; vachaH = words; hanuumantam = to Hanuma; viJNaapayanchaapi = in order to inform Hanuma (What they should do next).
Then, Sugreeva of great majesty, the king of monkeys spoke (the following) meaningful words to Hanuma, in order to inform him what they should do next.
yato hataḥ kumbhakarṇaḥ kumārāśca niṣūditāḥ |
nedānīmupanirhāram rāvano dātumarhati || 6-75-2
2. yataH = since; kumbhakarNaH = Kumbhakarna; kumaaraashcha = and his sons; hataaH = were killed; niShuuditaaH = and destroyed; raavaNaH = Ravana; idaaniim = now; na arhati = ought not; datum = to give; upanirhaaram = any destroyal.
"Since Kumbhakarna and his four sons were killed, Ravana cannot give any defense now".
ye ye mahābalāḥ santi laghavaśca plavaṃgamāḥ |
laṅkāmabhipatantvāśu gṛhyolkāḥ plavagarṣabhāḥ || 6-75-3
harayo harisaṃkāśāḥ pradagdhum rāvaṇālayam |
3. ye ye = whichever; plavaN^gamaaH = monkeys; santi = are there; mahaabalaaH = with great strength; harisamkaashaaH = equal to that of lions; plavagarShabhaaH = those foremost of monkeys; laghuvashcha = of dexterity; gR^ihya = taking; ulkaaH = the torches; abhipatantu = rush towards; laN^kaam = the City of Lanka; ashu = quickly; pradagdhum = in order to burn; raavaNaalayam = the abode of Ravana.
"Let those dexterous monkeys, possessing the strength of lions, taking torches in their hands, rush towards Lanka quickly, in order to set ablaze the abode of Ravana."
tato.astaṃ gata āditye raudre tasminniśāmukhe || 6-75-4
laṅkāmabhimukhāḥ solkā jagmuste plavagarṣabhāḥ |
4. tataH = then; aaditye = when the sun; astamgate = was setting; tasmin = at that; raudre = awful; nishaamukhe = evening; te = those; plavagarShabhaaH = excellent monkeys; solkaaH = with the torches; jagmuH = went; LaN^kaam abhimukhaaH = facing towards Lanka.
Then at the sunset of that awful evening, those foremost of the monkeys, went towards Lanka, with torches in their hands.
ulkāhastairharigaṇaiḥ sarvataḥ samabhidrutāḥ || 6-75-5
ārakṣasthā virūpākṣāḥ sahasā vipradudruvuḥ |
5. harigaNaiH = (When) the troops of monkeys; ulkaahastaiH = with torches in their hands; samabhidrutaaH = attacked; sarvataH = on all sides; viruupaakShaaH = the diversely eyed demons; aarakShasthaaH = who were holding the position of guards; sahasaa = suddenly; vipradudruvuH = fled away.
When the troops of monkeys, with torches in their hands, attacked Lanka on all sides, the diversely eyed demons who were holding the position of guards, suddenly fled away.
gopurāṭṭapratolīṣu caryāsu vividhāsu ca || 6-75-6
prāsādeṣu ca saṃhṛṣṭāḥ sasṛjuste hutāśanam |
6. te = those monkeys; samhR^iShTaaH = feeling gladdened; sasR^ijuH = threw; hutaashanam = fire; gopuraaTTapratoliiShu = to the towering gates; attics and streets; vividha asu = and to the various; charyaasu = by-ways; praasaadeShu = and to the mansions.
Those monkeys, feeling gladdened, threw fire to the towering gates, attics, streets, various byways and mansions.
teṣāṃ gṛhasahasrāṇi dadāha hutabhuktadā || 6-75-7
prāsādāḥ parvatākārāḥ patanti dharaṇītale |
7. tadaa = then; hutabhuk = the fire; dadaaha = consumed; gR^ihasahasraaNi = thousands of houses; teShaam = of those demons; praasaadaaH = Mansion; parvataakaaraaH = of mountainous forms; patanti = fell down; dharaNiitale = on the ground.
Then, the fire consumed thousands of houses of demons. Mansions of mountainous forms fell down on the ground.
agururdahyate tatra paraṃ caiva sucandanam || 6-75-8
mauktikā maṇayaḥ snigdhā vajraṃ cāpi pravālakam |
8. aguruH = aloe; param = excellent; suchandanam = sandal wood of great value; mauktikaaH = pearls; snigdhaaH maNayaH = glossy gems; vajramchaapi = diamonds; pravaalakam = and corals; dahyate = were burnt; tatra = there.
Aloe, excellent sandalwood of great value, pearls, glossy gems, diamonds and corals were burnt there.
kṣaumam ca dahyate tatra karuśeyaṃ cāpi śobhanam || 6-75-9
āvikaṃ vividhaṃ caurṇaṃ kāñcanaṃ bhāṇḍamāyudham |
9. kShaumam = Linen; shobhanam = charming; kausheyam cha = silk; aavikam = blankets of sheep's wool; vividham = various kinds of; aurNam cha = ram's wool; kaaN^chanam = gold; bhaaN^Dam = ornaments; aayudham = and weapons; dahyate = were burnt; tatra = there.
Linen, charming silk, blankets of sheep's wool, various kinds of ram's wool, gold ornaments and weapons were burnt there.
nānāvikṛtasaṃsthānam vājibhāṇḍaparicchadam || 6-75-10
gajagraiveyakakṣyāśca rathabhāṇḍāśca saṃskṛtāḥ |
10. vaajibhaaN^Da parichchhadam = the ornaments; saddle etc. of horses; naanaavikR^ita samsthaanam = of diverse and peculiar designs; gajagraiveyakakShyaashcha = the chains worn round the neck of the elephants as well as their girths; saskR^itaaH = and polished; rathabhaaN^Daashcha = ornaments meant for the chariots (were also burnt).
The ornaments, saddles etc. of diverse and peculiar designs of horses, the chains worn round the neck of the elephants as also their girths and polished ornaments meant for the chariots were also burnt.
tanutrāṇi ca yodhānāṃ hastyaśvānām ca carma ca || 6-75-11
khaḍgā dhanūṃṣi jyābāṇāstomarāṅkuśaśaktayaḥ |
11. tanutraaNi = coats of mail; yodhaanaam = of the warriors; charma cha hastyashvaanaam cha = and the armour for the elephants and the horses; khaDgaaH = swords; dhanuumShi = bows; jyaaH = bow-strings; baaNaaH = arrows; tomaraaN^kusha shaktayaH = lances; goads and javelins (were burnt).
Coats of mail of the warriors, the armour of the elephants and horses, swords, bows, bow-strings, arrows, lances, goads and javelins were burnt there.
roomajaṃ vālajaṃ carma vyāghrajaṃ cāṇḍajaṃ bahu || 6-75-12
muktāmaṇivicitrāṃśca prāsādāṃśca samantataḥ |
vividhānastrasaṃghātānagnirdahati tatra vai || 6-75-13
12; 13. agniH = the fire; samantataH = raging on all; dahativai = burnt; tatra = there; romajam = blankets and rugs made of the hair of animals; vaalajam = whisks made of the hair of tails; charma = the skins; vyaaghrajam = of tigers; bahu = many; aN^Dajam = birds; praasaadaan cha = and palaces; muktaamaNi vichitraan = in laid with pearls and gems; vividhaan = and various kinds of; astra samghaataan = stores of arms.
The fire raging on all sides burnt blankets and rugs made of the hair of animals, whisks made of the hair of the tails, the skins of tigers, many birds, palaces inlaid with pearls and gems and various kinds of stores of arms.
nānāvidhān gṛhāṃścitrān dadāha hutabhuktadā |
āvāsān rākṣasānāṃ ca sarveṣāṃ gṛhagṛdnunām || 6-75-14
hemacitratanutrāṇām sragbhāṇḍāmbaradhāriṇām |
sīdhupānacalākṣāṇāṃ madavihvalagāminām || 6-75-15
kāntālambitavastrāṇām śatrusaṃjātamanyunām |
gadāśūlāsihastānāṃ khādatāṃ pibatāmapi || 6-75-16
śayaneṣu mahārheṣu prasuptānāṃ priyaiḥ saha |
trastānāṃ gacchatāṃ tūrṇam putrānādāya sarvataḥ || 6-75-17
teṣāṃ śatasahasrāṇi tadā laṅkānivāsinām |
adahatpāvakastatra jajvāla ca punaḥ punaḥ || 6-75-18
14; 15; 16; 17; 18. tadaa = then; hutabhuk = the fire; dadaaha = burnt away; naanaavidhaan = many kinds; chitraan = of bright-coloured; gR^ihaan = houses; sarveShaam raakShasaan = of all demons; gR^ihagR^idhnunaam = who were greedily desirous of houses; paavakaH = the fire; tatra = there; adahat = burnt away; teShaam = those; shata sahasraaNi = hundreds and thousands; laN^kaanivaasinaam = of inhabitants of Lanka; hemachitratanutraaNaam = with gold-coloured armours; sragbhaaN^Daambara dhaariNaam = wearing garlands; ornaments and good clothing; siidhupaanachalaakShaaNaam = with quivering eyes because of drinking of spirits; madavihvala gaaminaam = moving with lustful walks; shatru samjaatamanyuunaam = who were seized with fury against their enemy; gadaa shuulaasihastaanaam = who carried maces; pikes and swords in their hands; khaadataam = who were eating; pibataamapi = and drinking too; prasuptaanaam = or lay fast asleep; mahaarheShu shayaneShu = on splendid beds; priyaiH saha = with their loved ones; gachchhataam = and who were decamping; tuurNam = quickly; sarvataam = to all sides; aadaaya = taking; putraan = their sons; trastaanaam = frightened; punaH punaH = again and again; jajvaala = firing up.
Then, the fire burnt away many kinds of bright coloured houses of all demons, who were greedily desirous of their homes. The fire there burnt away hundreds and thousands of inhabitants of Lanka, who were protected by gold coloured armoury and decked with garlands, ornaments and garments, with quivering eyes due to inebriation, moving with lustful walking, who were seized with fury against their enemy, who carried maces, pikes and swords in their hands, who were eating and drinking too or lay fast asleep on splendid beds with their loved ones and who were decamping quickly to all sides, taking their sons with them, frightened and fearing up again and again.
sāravanti mahārhāṇi gambhīraguṇavanti ca |
hemacandrārdhacandrāṇi candraśālottamāni ca || 6-75-19
tatra citragavākṣāṇi sādhiṣṭānāni sarvaśaḥ |
maṇividrumacitrāni spṛśantīva divākaram || 6-75-20
krauñcabarhiṇānāṃ bhūṣaṇānāṃ ca niḥsvanaiḥ |
nāditānyacalābhāni veśmānyagnirdadāha ha || 6-75-21
19; 20; 21. agniH = the fire; tatra = there; dadaaha ka = burnt away; veshmaani = the houses; saaravanti = which were strong; mahaarhaaNi = very valuable; gambhiira guNavanticha = with profound qualities; hema chandraardha chandraaNi = decked in gold with moon-shapes and crescent-shapes; chandrashaalottamaani = which rose high with their top rooms beautiful windows; saadhiShThaanaani = furnished with seats; coaches etc; maNi vidruma chitraaNi = decorated with gems and corals; spR^ishantiiva = as though touching; divaakaram = the sun; naaditaani = rendered noisy; nisvanaiH = with notes of; krauN^chabarhiNa viinaanaam = herons; peacocks; veena the Indian lute; bhuuShaNaanaamcha = and the jingling of ornaments; achalaabhaani = and appearing like mountains.
The fire there burnt away the houses, which were strong, very valuable, with profound qualities, decked in gold with moon shapes and crescent shapes, which rose high with their top rooms, provided all round with beautiful windows, furnished with seats coaches etc., decorated with gems and corals, as though touching the sky, rendered noisy with notes of herons, peacocks, veena the Indian lute and the jingling of ornaments as also appearing like mountains.
jvalanena parītāni toraṇāni cakāśire |
vidyudbhiriva naddhāni meghajālāni gharmage || 6-75-22
22. pariitaani = Surrounded; jvalanena = by fire; toraNaani = the arch-ways; chakaashire = shone; meghajaalaaniiva = like a collection of clouds; naddhaani = bound; vidyudbhiH = by lightning; gharmage = at the end of summer-season.
Surrounded by fire, the arch-ways shone like a collection of clouds bound by lightning, at the end of a summer season.
jvalanena parītāni gṛhāṇi pracakāśire |
dāvāgnidīptāni yathā śikharāṇi mahāgireḥ || 6-75-23
23. gR^ihaaNi = the houses; pariitaani = surrounded; jvalanena = by fire; prachakaashire = shone; shikharaaNiyathaa = like the peaks; mahaagireH = of a large mountain; daavaagni diiptaani = ignited by a forest-fire.
The houses, surrounded by fire shone like the peaks of a large mountain, ignited by a forest-fire.
vimāneṣu prasuptāśca dahyamānā varāṅganāḥ |
tyaktābharaṇasarvāṅga hā hetyuccairvicukruśuḥ || 6-75-24
24. varaaN^ganaaH = beautiful women; prasuptaaH = while lying fast asleep; vimaaneShu = in their seven-storeyed mansions; dahyamaanaaH = while getting scorched; tyaktaabharaNa sarvaa N^gaaH = gave up all connection with their ornaments; vichukrushuH = and screamed; uchchaiH = loudly; haa haa iti = saying "ah! Alas!"
Getting scorched in fire, beautiful women, while lying fast asleep in their seven-storeyed mansions, gave up all connection with their ornaments and screamed loudly, saying "ah! Alas!"
tatra cāgniparītāni nipeturbhavanānyapi |
vajrivajrahatānīva śikharāṇi mahāgireḥ || 6-75-25
25. bhavanyaapi = the houses too; agni pariitaani = surrounded by fire; tatra = there; nipetuH = fell down; shikharaaNiiva = like peaks mahaagireH = of a great mountain; vajrivajrahataani = struck by the thunder-bolt of Indra.
The houses too, surrounded by fire there, fell down like peaks of a great mountain, struck by the thunder-bolt of Indra.
tāni nirdahyamānāni dūrataḥ pracakāśire |
himavacchikharāṇīva dahyamānāni sarvaśaḥ || 6-75-26
26. taani = those houses; nirdahyamaanaani = while being burnt; duurataH = from afar; prachakaashire = illumined; himavachhikharaaNiiva = like peaks of Himalayas; dahyamaanaani = being consumed by fire; sarvashaH = on all sides.
Those houses, while being burnt, shone, from afar, like the peaks of Himalayas being consumed by fire on all sides.
harmyāgrairdahyamānaiśca jvālāprajvalitairapi |
rātrau sā dṛśyate laṅkā puṣpitairiva kiṃśukaiḥ || 6-75-27
27. saa = that; laN^kaa = City of Lanka; raatrau = at night; harmyaagraiH = with its house-tops; dahyamaanaiH = being burnt; jvaalaaprajvalitaiH = ablaze with flames; dR^ishyate = appeared; puShpitaiH kimshukaiH iva = like Kimshuka trees in flowering.
That City of Lanka at night with its house-tops being burnt ablaze with flames, looked like Kimshuka trees in full bloom.
hastyadhyakṣairgajairmukairmukaiśca turagairapi |
babhūva laṅkā lokānte bhrāntagrāha ivārṇavaḥ || 6-75-28
28. gajaiH = with their elephants; muktaiH = let loose; hastyadhyakShaiH = by the superintendents of the elephants; turagairapi = and horses too; muktaiH = set free; laN^kaa = Lanka; babhuuva = was; aarNavaH iva = like an ocean; bhraantagraahaH = with alligators roaming about it; lokaante = at the end of a world-cycle.
With their elephants let loose by the superintendents of the elephants and horses too set free, Lanka was like an ocean, with roaming alligators in it at the end of a world-cycle.
aśvaṃ muktaṃ gajo dṛṣṭvā kvacidbhīto.apasarpati |
bhīto bhītaṃ gajaṃ dṛṣṭvā kvacidaśvo nivartate || 6-75-29
29. kvachit = here; dR^iShTvaa = seeing; ashvam = a horse; muktam = being let loose; gajaH = an elephant; bhiitaH = got frightened; apasarpati = and goes back; kvachit = there; dR^iShTvaa = seeing; bhiitam = a frightened; gajam = elephant; ashvaH = a horse; bhiitaH = got frightened; nivartate = and turned back.
Here, seeing a horse being let loose, an elephant went back frightened. There, seeing a frightened elephant, a horse turned back with an alarm.
laṅkāyām dahyamānāyām śuśubhe ca mahodadhiḥ |
cāyāsaṃsaktasalilo lohitoda ivārṇavaḥ || 6-75-30
30. laN^kaayaam = (While) Lanka; dahyamaanaayaam = was being burnt; mahodadhiH = the great ocean; chhaayaasamsakta salilaH = with its image reflected on water; shushubhe = looked charming; mahaarNavaH iva = like a great sea; lohitodaH = with red waters.
While Lanka was being burnt, the great ocean, with its image reflected on its waters, assumed like a great sea with red waters.
sā babhūva muhūrtena haribhirdīpitā purī |
lokasyāsya kṣaye ghore pradīpteva vasuṃdharā || 6-75-31
31. saa purii = that city; diipitaa = burnt; haribhiH = by monkeys; muhuurtena = within a moment; babhuuva = became; vasumdharaa iva = like the earth; prdadiipta = burning; ghore kShaye = at the time of terrific dissolution; asya lokasya = of this world.
That City burnt by the monkeys, within a short time, became transformed like the earth burning at the time of terrific dissolution of this world.
nārījanasya dhūmena vyāptasyoccairvineduṣaḥ |
svano jvalanataptasya śuśruve śatayojanam || 6-75-32
32. svanaH = the noise; naariijanasya = of the women-folk; jvalanataptasya = burnt by fire; vyaaptasya = and covered; dhuumana = with smoke; vineduShaH = roaring; uchchaiH = loudly; shushruve = was heard; shata yojanam = upto one hundred Yojanas (or eight hundred miles).
The noise of the women-folk, who were burnt by fire and covered with smoke, roaring loudly, was heard upto one hundred Yojanas (or eight hundred miles).
pradagdhakāyānaparān rākṣasānnirgatān bahiḥ |
sahasā hyutpatanti sma harayo.atha yuyutsavaḥ || 6-75-33
33. atha = then; yuyutsavaH = eager to fight; harayaH = the monkeys; utpatantisma = bounced; sahasaa = suddenly; aparaan = on the other; raakShasaan = demons; pradagdhakaayaan = whose bodies had been severely burnt; nirgataan bahiH = and who rushed out (to save their lives).
Then the monkeys, eager to fight, bounced suddenly upon the other demons, whose bodies had been severely burnt and who rushed out (to save their lives).
udghuṣṭaṃ vānarāṇāṃ ca rākṣasānāṃ ca niḥsvanaḥ |
diśo daśa samudraṃ ca pṛthivīm ca vyanādayat || 6-75-34
34. udghuShTam cha = the loud noise; vaanaraaNaam = of the monkeys; niHsvanaH cha = and the cry; raakShasaanaam = of the demons; vyanaadayat = caused resounding; dasha dishaH = of ten directions; samudramcha = the ocean; pR^ithiviimcha = and the earth.
The loud noise made by the monkeys and the cry of the demons caused resounding of all the ten quarters, the ocean and the earth.
viśalyau ca mahātmānau tāvubhau rāmalakṣmaṇau |
asambhrāntau jagṛhatuste ubhe dhanuṣī vare || 6-75-35
35. vishalyau = healed of their wounds; asambhraantau = and unperplexed; tau ubhau = both those; mahaatmaanau = great souled princes; raamalakShmaNau = Rama and LakShmana; jagR^ihatuH = seized hold; tau ubhau vare dhanuShii = of the two excellent bows.
Healed of their wounds and unperplexed, both those great souled princes, Rama and Lakshmana seized hold of those two excellent bows.
tato visphārayāmāsa rāmaśca dhanuruttamam |
babhūva tumulaḥ śabdo rākṣasānām bhayāvahaḥ || 6-75-36
36. tataH = thereupon; raamaH cha = Rama; vishphaarayaamaasa = pulled; uttamam = his excellent; dhanuH = bow; babhuuva = and made; tumulaH = a tumultuous; shabdaH = twang; bhayaavahaH = which struck terror; raakShasaanaam = in the demons.
Thereupon, Rama pulled his excellent bow, making a tumultuous twang, which struck terror in demons.
aśobhata tadā rāmo dhanurvisphārayan mahat |
bhagavāniva samkruddho bhavo vedamayaṃ dhanuḥ || 6-75-37
37. raamaH = Rama; vishphaarayan = drawing; mahat = his great; dhanuH = bow; ashobhata = was as shining; tadaa = at that time; bhagavaan bhavaH iva = as Lord Shiva (the Source of the Universe); dhanuH = stretching his bow; vedamayam = consisting of the Vedas; samkruddhaH = in a great wrath (as at the time of the dissolution of the Universe).
Rama, drawing his great bow, was as shining at that time as Lord Shiva (the source of Universe), stretching his bow, consisting of the Vedas in a great wrath (as at the time of dissolution of the Universe).
udguṣṭaṃ vānarāṇāṃ ca rākṣasānāṃ ca niḥsvanam |
jyāśabdastāvubhau śabdāvati rāmasya śuśruve || 6-75-38
38. jyaashabdaH = the twang of the bow-string; raamasya = of Rama; atishushruve = could be heard above; tau ubhau shabdaavati = both of those sounds; udguShTam = the sound; vaanaraaNaam = of the monkeys; niH svanamcha = and the cry; raakShasaanaam = of the demons.
The twang of the bow-string of Rama could be heard above both of those sounds. The sound of the monkeys and the cry of the demons.
vānarodghuṣṭaśabdaśca rākṣasānāṃ ca niḥsvanaḥ |
jyāśabdaścāpi rāmasya trayaṃ vyāpa diśo dasaḥ || 6-75-39
39. vaanaradghuShTaghoShaH cha = the raised voice of the monkeys; niH svanaH cha = the cry; raakShasaanaam = of the demons; jyaashabdashchaapi = and even the din of the twang of the bow string; raamasya = of Rama; trayam = these three sounds; vyaapa = pervaded; dasha dishaH = (all) the ten quarters.
The raised voice of the monkeys, the cry of the demons and even the twang of Rama's bow-string these three sounds pervaded all the ten quarters.
tasya kārmukanirmuktaiḥ śaraistatpuragopuram |
kailāsaśṛṅgapratimaṃ viśīrṇamapatadbhuvi || 6-75-40
40. sharaiH = by the arrows; kaarmukanirmuktaiH = released from the bow; tasya = of Rama; tatpuragopuram = the main gate of that City; kailaasa shR^iN^ga pratimam = looking like a peak of Mount Kailasa; apatat = tumbled down; vishiirNam = shattered; bhuvi = to the ground.
By the arrows released from Rama's bow, the main gate of that City looking like a peak of Mount Kailasa, tumbled down, shattered, to the ground.
tato rāmaśarān dṛṣṭvā vimāneṣu gṛheṣu ca |
saṃnāho rākṣasendrāṇāṃ tumulaḥ samapadyata || 6-75-41
41. tataH = thereupon; dR^iShTvaa = seeing; raama sharaan = Rama's arrows; vimaaneShu (falling) on seven-storeyed mansions; gR^iheShucha = and other houses; samnaahaH = the readiness for battle; raakShasendraaNaam = of the leaders of demons; samapadyata = became; tumulaH = disturbed.
Thereupon, seeing Rama's arrows descending on seven-storeyed mansions and other houses, the war-preparedness of the leaders of demons got disturbed.
teṣāṃ samnahyamānānām simhanādaṃ ca kurvatām |
śarvarī rākṣasendrāṇām draudrīva samapadyata || 6-75-42
42. teShaam raakShasendraaNaam = to those leaders of demons; samnahyamaanaanaam = who were ready for the battle; kurvataam = and doing; samhanaadam = lion's roars; sharvarii = that night; samapadyata = became; raudriiva = a night of final dissolution (presided over by Rudra; the Lord of Destruction).
To those demoniac leaders, who were preparing for the battle and emitting lion's roars, that night became a night of final dissolution (presided over by Rudra, the lord of destruction).
ādiṣṭā vānarendrāste sugrīveṇa mahātmanā |
asannam dvāramāsādya yudhyadhvaṃ ca plavaṃgamāḥ || 6-75-43
yaśca vo vitathaṃ kuryāttatra tatrāpyupasthitaḥ |
sa hantavyo.abhisamplutya rājaśāsanadūṣakaḥ || 6-75-44
43; 44. te = those; vaanarendraaH = leaders of monkeys; aadiShTaaH = were commanded; mahaatmanaa = by the great-souled; sugriiveNa = Sugreeva (as follows): plavangamaaH = O monkeys!; aasaadya = reaching; aasannam = the nearest; dvaaram = gate; yudhyadhvam = wage the war; yaH = whoever; upasthitaH api = eventhought present; tatra tatra = in those respective places; kuryaat vitatham = proves futile; saH = he; raajashaasana duuShakaH abhisamplutya hantavyaH = who disobeyed the royal command ought to be bounced upon and killed.
The monkey-chiefs were commanded by Sugreeva as follows: "O monkeys! Approaching the nearest gate, begin to wage the war. Even though present at the scene of fighting, he among you who proves futile by an escape, should be overtaken and killed as he will be quality of disobeying the royal command."
teṣu vānaramukhyeṣu dīptolkojjvalapāṇiṣu |
sthiteṣu dvāramāśritya rāvaṇaṃ krodha āviśat || 6-75-45
45. teShu vaanara mukhyeShu = those monkey-chiefs; sthiteShu = standing; aashritya dvaaram = by taking recourse to the gate; diiptolkojjvala paaNiShu = with flaming torches in their hands; krodhaH aavishat = enraged; raavaNam = Ravana.
Seeing those monkey-chiefs, standing at the gate, with flaming torches in their hands, Ravana was enraged with fury.
tasya jṛmbhitavikṣepādvyāmiśrā vai diśo daśa |
rūpavāniva rudrasya manyurgātreṣvadṛśyata || 6-75-46
46. dasha dishaH = the ten directions; vyaamishraaH vai = were distracted; tasya = because of his; jR^imbhitavikShepaat = act of disorderly movement of his body due to yawning; adR^ishyataiva = and he looked like; manyuH = the wrath; rudrasya gaatreShu = manifest in the limbs of Rudra; ruupavaan = having a form.
All the ten directions were distracted because of Ravana's act of disorderly movement of his body due to yawning and he looked like the wrath manifest in the limbs of Rudra appearing with a form.
sa kumbhaṃ ca nikumbhaṃ ca kumbhakarṇātmajāvubhau |
preṣayāmāsa saṃkruddho rākṣasairbahubhiḥ saha || 6-75-47
47. samkruddhaH = the enraged; saH = Ravana; preShayaamaasa = sent; ubhau = both; kumbham cha = Kumbha and ; nikumbham cha = Nikumbha; kumbhakarNaatmajau = the sons of Kumbhakarna; bahubhiH raakShasaiH saha = along with a multitude of demons.
The enraged Ravana sent both Kumbha and Nimkumbha, the sons of Kumbhakarna, along with a multitude of demons.
yūpākṣaḥ śoṇitākṣaśca prajaṅghaḥ kampanastathā |
niryayuḥ kaumbhakarṇibhyāṃ saha rāvaṇaśāsanāt || 6-75-48
48. raavaNa shaasanaat = by the orders of Ravana; yuupaakShaH = Yuupaksha; shoNitaakShashcha = Shonitaksha; prajaN^ghaH = prajangha; tathaa = and KampanaH = Kampana; kubhakarNibhyaam saha = along with the sons of Kumbhakarna; niryayuH = set out (for the battle).
By the orders of Ravana, Yupaksha, Shonitaksha, Prajangha and Kampana along with the aforesaid sons of Kumbhakarna set out for the battle.
śaśāsa caiva tān sarvān rākṣasān sa mahābalān |
rākṣasā gacchatādyaiva simhanādaṃ ca nādayan || 6-75-49
49. saH = Ravana; shashaasa cha = instructed; sarvaan = all; taan = those; mahaabalaan = mighty; raakShasaan = demons; raakShasaaH = O demons!; gachchhata = proceed; adyaiva = now itself; naadayan = bellowing; simhanaadam = a lion's roar.
Ravana instructed all those mighty demons thus, "O demons! Proceed now itself, bellowing a lion's roar."
tatastu coditāstena rākṣasā jvalitāyudhāḥ |
laṅkāyā niryayūrvīrāḥ praṇadantaḥ punaḥ punaḥ || 6-75-50
50. choditaaH = incited; tena = by Ravana; viiraaH = the aliant; raakShasaaH = demons; tataH = then; jvalitaayudhaaH = wearing shining weapons; praNadantaH = and roaring; punaH punaH = again and again; niryayuH = sallied forth; laN^kaayaaH = from Lanka.
Incited by Ravana, the valiant demons then, wielding shining weapons and roaring repeatedly, sallied forth from Lanka.
rakṣasāṃ bhūṣaṇasthābhirbhābhiḥ svābhiśca sarvaśaḥ |
cakruste saprabhaṃ vyoma harayaścāgnibhiḥ saha || 6-75-51
51. bhaabhiH = by the gleams; bhuuShaNa sthaabhiH = of ornaments; rakShasaam = of the demons; svaabhishcha = and by their own natural splendour; te = those demons; harayaH cha = and monkeys; agnibhiH saha = along with their fires; chakruH = made; vyoma = the sky; saprabham = fluorescent; sarvasaH = on all sides.
By the gleams of ornaments worn by their own natural splendour, those demons and monkeys with their fires, made the sky fluorescent on all sides.
tatra tārādhipasyābhā tārāṇām bhā tathaiva ca |
tayorābharaṇābhā ca jvalitā dyāmabhāsayat || 6-75-52
52. aabhaa = the effulgence; taaraadhisasya = of the moon; tatra = there; tathaiva cha = and; bhaa = the light; taaraaNaam = of the stars; aabharaNaabhaacha = and the splendour of the ornaments; tayoH = of both the armies; jvalitaa = blazing; abhaasayat dyaam = made the sky brilliant.
The effulgence of the moon there, the light of the stars and the splendour of the ornaments of both the armies, while blazing, made the sky brilliant.
candrābhā bhūṣaṇābhā ca grahāṇām jvalitā ca bhā |
harirākṣasasainyāni bhrājayāmāsa sarvataḥ || 6-75-53
53. chandraabha = the effulgence of the moon; bhuuShaNaabhaa cha = the splendour of the ornaments; bhaa cha = and the fluorescence; jvalitaa grahaaNaam = of the blazing planets; bhraajayaamaasa hariraakShasa sainyaani = made the armies of monkeys and demons glitter; sarvataH = on all sides.
The effulgence of the moon, the splendour of the ornaments and the fluorescence of the blazing planets made the armies of monkeys and demons glitter on all sides.
tatra cārdhapradīptānāṃ gṛhāṇām sāgaraḥ punaḥ |
bhābhiḥ saṃsaktasalilaścalormiḥ śuśubhe.adhikam || 6-75-54
54. bhaabhiH = with the blazes; ardhapradiiptaanaam gR^ihaaNaam = of the half-scorched houses; tatra = there; saagaraH punaH = the ocean on its part; chalormiH = with its agitated waves; samsakta salilaH = with their waters mingled; shushubhe = shone; adhikam = abundantly.
With the flames of the half-scorched houses there, the ocean on its part with its agitated waves mingled with water, shone abundantly.
bhīmāśvarathamātaṅgaṃ nānāpattisamākulam || 6-75-55
tadrākṣasaṃ balaṃ bhīmam ghoravikramapauruṣam || 6-75-56
dadṛśe jvalitaprasaṃ kiṅkiṇīśatanāditam |
hemajālācitabhujaṃ vyāveṣṭitaparaśvadham || 6-75-57
vyāghūrṇitamahāśastraṃ bāṇasaṃyuktakārmukam |
gandhamālyamadhūtsekasaṃmoditamahānilam || 6-75-58
55; 56; 57; 58. tat = that; raakShasabalam = army of demons; dadR^ishe = was looking; bhiimam = aweful; pataakaadhvaja samyuktam = with flags and banners; uttamaasipara shvadham = with excellent axes shaped like swords; bhiimaashvarathamaataN^gam = consisting of terrific horses; chariots and elephants; naanaapatti samaakulam = crowded with foot soldiers of every description; diipta shuula gaddakhaD^ga praasa tomarakaarmukam = distinguished by shining pikes; maces; swords; spears; lances and bows; ghora vikrama pauruSham = noted for its redoubtable valour and prowess; jvalita praasam = with shining lances; kiN^kiNiishata naaditam = rendered noisy by hundreds of tiny bells (tied around chariots; elephants etc); hemajaalaachita bhujam = the arms of its warriors adorned with sets of gold ornaments; vyaaveShTituparashvadham = axes being brandished; vyaaghuurNitamahaashastram = mighty weapons being waved about; baaNa samyukta kaarmukam = arrows being fitted to the bows; gandhamaalyamadhuutseka sammoditamahaanilam = the extensive atmosphere rendered fragrant by the abundance of sandal-paste; garlands and wine.
That army of demons was looking awful with flags and banners, with excellent axes shaped like swords, consisting of terrific horses, chariots and elephants, crowded with foot-soldiers of every description, distinguished by shining pikes, maces, swords, spears, lances and bows, noted for its redoubtable valour and prowess, with shining lances and rendered noisy by hundreds of tiny bells (tied around chariots, elephants etc), the arms of its warriors adorned with sets of gold ornaments, their axes being brandished, mighty weapons being waved about, arrows fitted to the bows and the whole atmosphere rendered fragrant by the abundance of sandal paste, garlands and wine.
ghoraṃ śūrajanākīrṇam mahāmbudharaniḥsvanam |
taddṛṣṭvā balamāyātaṃ rākṣasānāṃ durāsadam || 6-75-59
saṃcacāla plavaṃgānāṃ balamuccairnanāda ca |
59. dR^iShTvaa = seeing; tat = that; raakShasaanaam balam = army of demons; aayuutam = which came; ghoramshuurajanaakiirNam = crowded with gallant warriors; mahaambudhara niH shvanam = thundered like huge clouds; duraasadam = which was difficult to assail; balam = the army; plavaNgaanaam = of monkeys; samchachaala = marched forth; uchchaiH nanaada cha = and made loud noise.
Seeing the army of demons, which came crowded with gallant warriors, thundered like a huge cloud which was difficult to assail, the army of monkeys marched forth and made a loud noise.
javenāplutya ca punastadbalaṃ rakṣasāṃ mahat || 6-75-60
abhyayātpratyaribalaṃ patamgā iva pāvakam |
60. tat = that; mahat = large; balam punaH rakShasaam = army of demons on its part; pratyayaat = went; aaplutya javena = springing forward with all speed; pratyaribalam = towards the hostile army; patamgaaH iva = as moths; paavakam = towards a flame.
That large army of demons on its part went springing forward with all speed, towards the hostile army, as moths towards a flame.
teṣāṃ bhujaparāmarśavyāmṛṣṭaparighāśani || 6-75-61
rākṣasānāṃ balam śreṣṭhaṃ bhūyaḥ paramaśobhata |
61. shreShTham = the excellent; balam = army; teShaam raakShasaanaam = of those demons; bhuja paraamarsha vyaamR^iShTaparigha ashani = in which iron clubs and the tips of missiles being brandished through the action of their arms; ashobhata = shone; bhuuyaH param = all the more (brightly).
The excellent army of those demons, in which iron clubs and the tips of missiles being brandished through the action of their arms, shone all the more brightly.
tatronmattā ivotpeturharayo.atha yuyutsavaḥ || 6-75-62
taruśailairabhighnanto muṣṭibhiśca niśācarān |
62. atha = thereafter; harayaH = the monkeys; yuyutsavaH = desirous to fight; tatra = there; abhighnantaH = striking; nishaacharaan = the demons; tarushailaiH = with trees; rocks; muShTibhiH cha = and fists; utpetuH = jumped up; unmattaaH iva = as though frenzied.
Thereafter, the monkeys desirous to fight there, striking the demons with trees, rocks and fists, jumped up as though frenzied.
tathaivāpatatāṃ teṣāṃ harīṇām niśitaiḥ śaraiḥ || 6-75-63
śirāṃsi sahasā jahrū rākṣasā bhīmavikramāḥ |
63. tathaiva = likewise; raakShasaaH = the demons; bhiima vikramaaH = with their terrific prowess; sahasaa = instantly; jahruH = tore off; shiraamsi = the heads; teShaam hariiNaam = of those monkeys; aapatataam = bouncing upon them; nishitaiH sharaiH = with sharp arrow.
Likewise, the demons with their terrific prowess instantly tore off the heads of those monkeys bouncing upon them, with sharp arrows.
daśanairhatakarṇāśca muṣṭibhirbhinnamastakāḥ || 6-75-64
śilāprahārabhagnāṅga vicerustatra rākṣasāḥ |
64. raakShasaaH = the demons; tatra = there; vicheruH = strolled; hatakarNaaH = with their ears bitten off; dashanaiH = with teeth; bhinna mastakaaH = with their skulls smashed; muShTibhiH = with fists; shilaaprahaara bhagnaaN^gaaH = and their limbs broken by the blows of crags.
The demons there strolled in the streets of Lanka, with their ears bitten off with teeth, their skulls smashed with fists and their limbs broken by crag blows.
tathaivāpyapare teṣāṃ kapīnāmasibhiḥ śitaiḥ || 6-75-65
pravarānabhito jaghnurghorarūpā niśācarāḥ |
65. tathaiva = even so; apare = some other; nishaacharaaH = demons; ghoraruupaaH = with terrific forms; jaghnuH = struck; teShaam = those; pravaraan = chiefs; kapiinaam = of monkeys; shitaiH = with sharp; asibhiH = swords; abhitaH = on all sides (of the battle field).
Even so, some demons with terrific form struck those chiefs among the monkeys, with sharp swords, on all sides of the battle field.
ghnantamanyaṃ jaghānānyaḥ pātayantamapātayat || 6-75-66
garhamāṇam jagarhanyo daśantamaparo.adaśat |
66. anyaH = another; jaghaana = killed; anyam = the one; ghnantam = who was killing; upaatayat = threw down; paatayantam = the one who was throwing down (another); anyaH = another; agarha = scolded; garhamaaNam = the one who was scolding; aparaH = and another; adashat = chewed; dashantam = the one who was chewing.
One warrior killed the one who was killing another, a second one threw down the one throwing down another; a third one scolded another who was scolding the other one; while a fourth one chewed the one chewing another.
dehītyanyo dadātyanyo dadāmītyaparaḥ punaḥ || 6-75-67
kiṃ kleśayasi tiṣṭheti tatrānyonyam babhāṣire |
67. anyaH = one; tatra = there; deheti = said "Give me the blow"; anyaH = another; dadaati = said "He is giving"; aparaH punaH = yet another; dadaamiiti = said "I am giving"; babhaasShire anyonyam = some talked with one another; kim kleshayati = saying; "Why do you take pains?"; tiShTha iti = and saying "wait".
There, one said "Give me the blow. Another said, "He is giving". Yet another said, "I am giving" some talked with one another, saying "Wait. Why do you take pains?"
vipralambhita śastraṃ ca vimuktakavacāyudham || 6-75-68
samudyatamahāprāsaṃ yaṣṭiśūlāsiṃsamkulam |
prāvarta mahā raudraṃ yuddham vānararakṣasām || 6-75-69
68; 69. mahaaraudram = that very terrific; yuddham = battle; vaanara raakShasaam = between monkeys and demons; vipralambhita shastram = having its weapons made futile; vimukta kavachaayudham = (some) weapons dug into armours; samudyata mahaapraasam = long lances lifted up; yaShTishuulaasi samkulam = fists; pikes; swords and spears used as weapons of war.
In that very terrific war between monkeys and demons, some weapons were made futile. Some weapons were dug into armours. Long lances were lifted up. Fists, pikes, swords and spears were used as weapons of war.
vānarān daśa sapteti rākṣasā jaghnarāhave |
rākṣasān daśa sapteti vānarāścābhyapātayan || 6-75-70
70. aahave = in the battle; raakShasaaH = demons; jaghnuH = killed; vaanaraan = monkeys; dasha sapta iti = in tens and sevens; vaanaraashcha = the monkeys too; abhyapaatayan = threw down; raakShasaan = the demons; dasha sapta iti = in tens and sevens.
In the battle-front, the demons killed monkeys in tens and sevens. The monkeys too threw the demons down in tens and sevens.
visrastakeśavasanam vimuktakavacadhvajam |
balam rākṣasamālambya vānarāḥ paryavārayan || 6-75-71
71. aalambya = taking hold; raakShasam balam = of the army of demons; visrastakesha vasanam = whose hair and raiments were kept in order with difficulty; vimukta kavachadhvajam = and whose armours and standards were thrown away; vaanaraaH = the monkeys; paryavaarayan = surrounded them on all sides.
Catching hold of the army of demons, whose hair and raiment's were kept in order with difficulty and whose armours and standards were thrown away, the monkeys surrounded them on all sides.
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe vālmīkīye ādikāvye yuddhakāṃḍe pañcasaptatitamaḥ sargaḥ
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