Ravana asks Prahasta to go to the battle. Prahasta sets out for the combat along with a huge army and enters the eastern gate. Bad omens appeared, as Prahasta enters the battle-field. The army of monkeys seized hold of trees and rocks, to attack the demons.
अकम्पन वधम् श्रुत्वा क्रुद्धो वै राक्षस ईश्वरः |
किंचिद् दीन मुखश् च अपि सचिवांस् तान् उदैक्षत || ६-५७-१
1. shrutvaa = hearing; akampana vadham = about the killing of Akampana; raakSaseshvaraH = Ravana the Lord of demons; kruddhaH = was enraged; kimchit diinamukhaH cha api = had a little depressed face; udaikSata = and looked; taan sachivaan = towards those ministers.
Hearing of Akampana's killing, Ravana the Lord of demons, with a little depressed face, was enraged and looked towards his ministers.
स तु ध्यात्वा मुहूर्तम् तु मन्त्रिभिह् सम्विचार्य च |
ततस्तु रावणः पूर्वदिवसे राक्षसाधिपः || ६-५७-२
पुरीम् परिययौ लन्काम् सर्वान् गुल्मान् अवेक्षितुम् |
2. dhyaatvaa = having reflected; muhuurtam = a while; samvichaarya = and deliberated; mantribhiH = with his ministers; saH raavaNaH = that Ravana; raakSasaadhipaH = the king of Demons; tataH = then; yayau = went; laN^kaam puriim = to the City of Lanka; avekSitum = to inspect; sarvagulmaan = all his defenses; puurvadivasa = in the forenoon.
Having reflected awhile and deliberated with his ministers, Ravana the king of Demons then passed that forenoon in inspecting his defenses in the City of Lanka.
ताम् राक्षस गणैर् गुप्ताम् गुल्मैर् बहुभिर् आवृताम् || ६-५७-३
ददर्श नगरीम् लन्काम् पताका ध्वज मालिनीम् |
3. raajaa = the king Ravana; dadarsha = saw; taam nagariim = that city; guptaam = protected; taam raakSasagaNaiH = by those groups of demons; aavR^itaam = and surrounded; bahubhiH = by many; gulmaiH = bodies of troops; pataaka dhvajamaaliniim = decorated with banners and flags.
The king Ravana saw that City, guarded by groups of demons, filled with innumerable troops and decorated with banners and flags.
रुद्धाम् तु नगरीम् दृष्ट्वा रावणो राक्षस ईश्वरः || ६-५७-४
उवाच अमर्षितह् काले प्रहस्तम् युद्ध कोविदम् |
4. dR^iSTvaa = seeing; nagariim = the City; ruddhaam = besieged; raavaNaH = Ravana; raakSaseshvaraH = the Lord of Demons; uvaacha = spoke; (as follows); prahastam = to Prahasta; yuddha kovidam = who was skilled in war-fare; aatmahitam = and who wished well of him; kaale = even at a critical time.
Seeing Lanka besieged, Ravana the Lord of Demons spoke as follows to Prahasta who was skilled in war-fare and who wished well of him even at a critical time.
पुरस्य उपनिविष्टस्य सहसा पीडितस्य ह || ६-५७-५
न अन्यम् युद्धात् प्रपश्यामि मोक्षम् युद्ध विशारद |
5. yuddha vishaarada = O; the proficient one in war-free!; na prapashyaami = I do not see; anyam = any other; mokSam = deliverance; yuddhaat = than a battle; purasya = for this City; upaniviSTasya = which is beseiged; sahasaa = suddenly; piiDitasya = and being devastated.
"O, Prahasta the proficient in war-free! I do not see any other deliverance than a battle for this city, which is besieged suddenly and being devastated."
अहम् वा कुम्भ कर्णो वा त्वम् वा सेना पतिर् मम || ६-५७-६
इन्द्रजिद् वा निकुम्भो वा वहेयुर् भारम् ईदृशम् |
6. aham vaa = either I; kumbhakarNovaa = or Kumbhakarna; tvam vaa = or you; mama = my; senaapatiH = army-chief; indrajit vaa = or Indrajit; nikumbho vaa = or Nikumbha; vaheyuH = can bear; iidR^isham = such; bhaaram = a burden.
"Either myself or Kumbhakarna or yourself my army-chief or Indrajit or Nikumbha and none else could undertake such a task!"
स त्वम् बलम् इतह् शीघ्रम् आदाय परिगृह्य च || ६-५७-७
विजयाय अभिनिर्याहि यत्र सर्वे वन ओकसः |
7. ataH = for that reason; saH tvam = you as such; aadaaya = taking; balam = the army; shiighram = quickly; parigR^ihyacha = and placing yourself in their midst; abhiniryaahi = set forth; vijayaaya = for victory; yatra = to the place where; sarve = all; vanaukasaH = the monkeys (are stationed)
"For that reason, taking a company of warriors, you quickly place yourself in their midst and set forth in order to triumph over all those monkeys."
निर्याणाद् एव ते नूनम् चपला हरि वाहिनी || ६-५७-८
नर्दताम् राक्षस इन्द्राणाम् श्रुत्वा नादम् द्रविष्यति |
8. harivaahinii = the army of monkeys; chalitaa = becoming disturbed; tuurNam = soon; nirNayaadeva = on (knowing) your decision (to go for the battle); draviSyati = will run away; shrutvaa = on hearing; naadam = the sound; raakSasendraaNaam = of the leaders of demons; nardataam = roaring.
"Unsettled in no time on knowing your decision to enter the battle-field, the army of monkeys will run away on hearing the raring sound of the leaders of demons."
चपला ह्य् अविनीताश् च चल चित्ताश् च वानराः || ६-५७-९
न सहिष्यन्ति ते नादम् सिम्ह नादम् इव द्विपाः |
9. vaanaraaH = the monkeys; chapalaaH = are unsteady; aviniitaashcha = mis-behaved; chalachittashcha = and fickle-minded; na sahiSyanti = (They) do not tolerate; te = your; naadam = sound; dvipaaH iva = as elephants; simhanaadani = the lion's roar.
"The monkeys are unsteady, mis-behaved and fickle-minded. They do not tolerate your sound, as elephants the lion's roar."
विद्रुते च बले तस्मिन् रामह् सौमित्रिणा सह || ६-५७-१०
अवशस्ते निरालम्बह् प्रहस्त वशम् एष्यति |
10. prahasta = O; Prahsta! tasmin bale = (As) that army; vidrude = takes to its heels; raamaH = Rama; saumitriNaa saha = along with Lakshmana; niraalambaH = without any support; avashaH = unwillingly; eSyati = will fall; vasham = into your power.
"O, Prahasta! As that army takes to its heels, Rama along with Lakshmana being supportless, will fall into your power though unwillingly."
आपत् संशयिता श्रेयो न अत्र निह्संशयी कृता || ६-५७-११
प्रतिलोम अनुलोमम् वा यद् वा नो मन्यसे हितम् |
11. samshayitaa = A skeptical; aapat = misfortune; shreyaH = is preferable; na = and not; niH samshayiikR^itaa = that which is certain; atra = here; tu = but; pratilomaanu lomam vaa = whether it is unpleasing to hear or no; (say what); manyase = you consider; yat = that which; hitam = is advantageous; naH = for us.
"A skeptical misfortune is preferable to one that is certain! Whether it is unpleasing to hear or not, say what you consider as an advantage to us."
रावणेन एवम् उक्तस् तु प्रहस्तो वाहिनी पतिः || ६-५७-१२
राक्षस इन्द्रम् उवाच इदम् असुर इन्द्रम् इव उशना |
12. vaahiniipatiH = the army-general; prahastaH = Prahasta; evam = thus; uktaH = spoken; raavaNena = by Ravana; uvaacha = spoke; idam = these words; raakSasendram = to Ravana; ushanaa = like Ushanaa = like Ushana (the preceptor of demons) asurendramiva = to Bali the king of Asuras.
Hearing the words of Ravana, Prahasta the Army-General spoke the following words to Ravana, like Ushana the preceptor of demons would speak to Bali, the king of demons.
राजन् मन्त्रित पूर्वम् नह् कुशलैह् सह मन्त्रिभिः || ६-५७-१३
विवादसः च अपि नो वृत्तह् समवेक्ष्य परस्परम् |
13. raajan = O; king!; mantrita puurvam = formerly it was deliberated; naH = by us; mantribhiH saha = along with ministers; kushalaiH = who were skilful; samavekSya = having observed attentively; parasparam = with one another; vivaadashcha = a disagreement; vR^ittaH = arose; naH = between us.
O, king! Formerly, we deliberated this matter with our wise ministers and, after having a good dialogue with each other, a disagreement arose between us."
प्रदानेन तु सीतायाह् श्रेयो व्यवसितम् मया || ६-५७-१४
अप्रदाने पुनर् युद्धम् दृष्टम् एतत् तथैव नः |
14. pradaanena = to return; siitaayaaH = Seetha; vyavasitam = was resolved; mayaa = by me; shreyaH = as preferable; apradaane punaH = not to return Seetha; yuddham = (meant) war; tathaiva = dR^iSTameva = we foresaw this.
"To return Seetha was what I considered preferable. Not to do so meant war; we foresaw this."
सो अहम् दानैश् च मानैश् च सततम् पूजितस् त्वया || ६-५७-१५
सान्त्वैसः च विविधैह् काले किम् न कुर्याम् प्रियम् तव |
15. satatam = ever; puujitaH = honoured; tvayaa = by you; kaale = at appropriate time; daanaishcha = by gifts; maanaishcha = by felicitations; vividhaiH = by various; saanaishcha = nice words; kim = what; saH aham = I as such; na kuryaam = cannot do; hitam = benefit; tava = to you?
"I have ever been honoured by you at appropriate times by gifts, felicitations and nice words. When the opportunity arises, is it not for me to render you a service?"
न हि मे जीवितम् रक्ष्यम् पुत्र दार धनानि वा || ६-५७-१६
त्वम् पश्य माम् जुहूषन्तम् त्वद् अर्थे जीवितम् युधि |
16. me = to me; jiivitam = life; na hi = is indeed not; rakSyam = to be spared; putra daara dhanaanicha = (nor) sons; wives or riches; tvam = you; pashya = see; maam = me; juhuuSantam = who wish to sacrifice; jiivitam = my life; tvadarthe = for your sake; yudhi = in the battle.
"Neither wives nor sons nor riches are going to be spared by me. See you me, intending to sacrifice my life for your sake in the battle."
एवम् उक्त्वा तु भर्तारम् रावणम् वाहिनी पतिः || ६-५७-१७
उवाचेदम् बलाध्यक्षान् प्रहस्तह् पुरतः स्थितान् |
17. uktvaa = having spoken; evam = thus; raavaNam = to Ravana; bhartaaram = the lord; prahastaH = Prahasta; vaahiniipatiH = the Army-general; uvaacha = spoke; idam = those words; balaadhyakSaan = to his leading officers; sthitaan = stationed; purataH = in front.
Having spoken thus to Lord Ravana, the General Prahasta said to his leading officers who stood before him as follows:
समानयत मे शीघ्रम् राक्षसानाम् महद् बलम् || ६-५७-१८
मद् बाण अशनि वेगेन हतानाम् तु रण अजिरे |
अद्य तृप्यन्तु मांसेन पक्षिणह् कानन ओकसाम् || ६-५७-१९
18; 19. samaanayata = gather; mahaabalam = a large army; raakSasaanaam = of demons; me = for me; madbaaNaanaam = With my arrows; vegena = by their swiftness; raaNaajire = on the battle field; maamsaadaaH = the flesh-eating; pakSiNaH = birds; kaanakausaH = and beasts; tR^ipyantu = shall feed; hataanaam = on the enemy that I stroke down; adya = today.
"Gather a large army of demons together for me. Today, the flesh-eating birds and beasts shall feed on the enemy that I strike down on the battle-field with my swift arrows."
तस्य तद्वचनम् श्रुत्वा बलाध्यक्षा महाबलाः |
बलम् उद्योजयाम् आसुस् तस्मिन् राक्षस मन्दिरे || ६-५७-२०
20. shrutvaa = hearing; tat = that; vachanam = command; tasya = of Prahasta; mahaabalaah = the mighty; balaadhyakSaaH = leaders of the army; udyojayaamaasuH = assembled; balam = the forces; tasmin raakSasa mandire = in the abode of that demon.
Hearing that command of Prahasta, the mighty leaders of the army assembled the forces in the abode of that demon.
सा बभूव मुहूर्तेन तिग्म नाना विध आयुधैः |
लन्का राक्षस वीरैस् तैर् गजैर् इव समाकुला || ६-५७-२१
21. muhuurtena = within a short while; saa laN^kaa = that City of Lanka; babhuuva = became; samaakulaa = filled; tai = with those; bhiimaiH = terrific; raakSasa viiraiH = demon-warriors; gajairiva = resembling elephants; naanaa vidhaayudhaiH = wielding various types of weaponry.
Within a short while, that City of Lanka was filled with those terrific demon-warriors, resembling elephants and wielding various types of weaponry.
हुत अशनम् तर्पयताम् ब्राह्मणांश् च नमस्यताम् |
आज्य गन्ध प्रतिवहह् सुरभिर् मारुतो ववौ || ६-५७-२२
22. (While some demons); tarpayataam = propitiated; hutaashanam = the fire-god; (with their offerings); namasyataam = and paid homage; braahmaNaamshcha = to Brahmanas; surabhiH = a fragrant; maarutaH = freeze; aajyagandha prativahaH = bearing the scent of clarified butter vavou = began to blow.
While some demons propitiated the fire-god with their offerings and paid homage to Brahmanas, a fragrant freeze bearing the scent of clarified butter, began to blow.
स्रजसः च विविध आकारा जगृहुस् त्व् अभिमन्त्रिताः |
सम्ग्राम सज्जाः सम्हृष्टा धारयन् राक्षसास् तदा || ६-५७-२३
23. tadaa = then; raakSasaaH = the demons; samgraama sajjaaH = ready for the battle; samhR^iSTaaH = delightedly; jagR^ihuH = wore; srajashcha = garlands; vividhaakaaraaH = of different shapes; abhimantritaaH = consecrated by certain Mantras (sacred formulas).
Then, the demons who were ready for the battle, delightedly wore garlands of different shapes, consecrated by certain Mantras (sacred formulas).
सधनुष्काह् कवचिनो वेगाद् आप्लुत्य राक्षसाः |
रावणम् प्रेक्ष्य राजानम् प्रहस्तम् पर्यवारयन् || ६-५७-२४
24. raakSasaaH = the demons; sadhanuSkaaH = with their bows; kavachinaH = and armours; prekSya = seeing; raajaanam = the king; raavaNam = Ravana; aaplutya = and jumping; vegaat = swiftly; paryavaarayan = ranged themselves towards; prahastam = Prahasta.
Thereafter, armed with bows and armours, the demons with their eyes turned towards their king Ravana, marched at a brisk pace and ranged themselves round Prahasta.
अथ आमन्त्र्य च राजानम् भेरीम् आहत्य भैरवाम् |
आरुरोह रथम् दिव्यम् प्रहस्तह् सज्ज कल्पितम् || ६-५७-२५
हयैर् महा जवैर् युक्तम् सम्यक् सूत सुसम्युतम् |
महा जलद निर्घोषम् साक्षाच् चन्द्र अर्क भास्वरम् || ६-५७-२६
उरग ध्वज दुर्धर्षम् सुवरूथम् स्वपस्करम् |
सुवर्ण जाल सम्युक्तम् प्रहसन्तम् इव श्रिया || ६-५७-२७
25; 26; 27. atha = then; prahastaH = Prahasta; yuktaH = who got ready with his weapons and armour; aamantrya = taking leave; raajaanam = of the king; aahatya = striking; bhairavaam = the terrible; bherniim = kettle-drum; aaruroha = mounted; ratham = his chariot; sajjakalpitam = which was kept ready; yuktam = yoked; mahaajavaiH = an extremely swift; hayaiH = horses; samyak suuta susamyatam = well-controlled by a charioteer; mahaajalada ninghoSam = with a noise resembling that of a large cloud; saakSaat = actually; chandraarka bhaasvaram = shining like moon-light; uraga dhvaja durdharSam = inviolable; with a flag bearing an ensign of snake; suvaruutham = with a good collision-guard; svavaskaram = having good wheels; suvarNajaala samyuktam = decorated with a net of pure gold; prahastamiva = smiling as it were; shriyaa = in its magnificence.
Then, Prahasta who got ready with his weapons and armour, after bidding obeisance to the king and striking a terrible kettle-drum, mounted his chariot, which was kept ready, yoked to an extremely swift horses, well controlled by a charioteer, emanating a noise resembling that of a large cloud, actually shining like moon-light, inviolable with a flag bearing an ensign of snake, with a good collision-guard, with nice wheels and decorated with a net of pure gold smiling as it were in its magnificence.
ततस् तम् रथम् आस्थाय रावण अर्पित शासनः |
लन्काया निर्ययौ तूर्णम् बलेन महता वृतः || ६-५७-२८
28. tataH = then; raavaNaarpita shaasanaH = Prahasta; to whom command was given by Ravana; aasthaaya = mounted; ratham = his chariot; niryayau = set out; laN^kaayaaH = from Lanka; tuurnam = quickly; vR^itaH = along with; mahataa = a huge; balena = army.
Then, Prahasta the one who was commanded by Ravana, ascended his chariot and set out from Lanka soon along with a huge army.
ततो दुंदुभि निर्घोषह् पर्जन्य निनद उपमः || ६-५७-२९
शुश्रुवे शन्ख शब्दश् च प्रयाते वाहिनी पतौ |
29. vaahiniipatau = (While) Prahasta the General; prayaate = sallied forth; tataH = then; dundubhi nirghoSaH = the sound of a kettle-drum; ninadaH cha = the sound; vaaditraaNaam = of musical instruments; shN^kha shabdashcha = and the sound of couches; shushruve = were heard; puurayanniva = as though filling; mediniim = the earth; parjanya; ninadopamaH = resembling the roar of a cloud.
While Prahasta the general sallied forth, the sound of a kettle-drum, the resonance of musical instruments and the sound of conches were heard, as though filling the earth like the roar of a cloud.
निनदन्तः स्वरान् घोरान् राक्षसा जग्मुर् अग्रतः || ६-५७-३०
भीम रूपा महा कायाह् प्रहस्तस्य पुरह् सराः |
30. raakSasaaH = the demons; bhiimaruupaaH = having terrific forms; mahaakaayaaH = and bulky bodies; ninadantaH = shouting; ghoraan = with terrible; svaraan = voices; jagmuH = went; agrataH = in front; puraH saraaH = as forerunners; prahastasya = of Prahasta.
The demons with terrific forms and bulky bodies, shouting with dreadful voices, went in front, as forerunners of Prahasta.
नरान्तकः कुम्भहनुर्महानादः समुन्नतः | ६-५७-३१
प्रहस्तसचिवा ह्येते निर्ययुः परिवार्य तम् |
31. naraantakaH = Narantaka; kumbhahanuH = Kumbhahanu; mahaanaadaH = Mahanada; samunnataH = Samunnata; prahasta sachivaaH = attendants of Prahasta; ete = they; niryayuH = sallied forth; parivaarya = surrounding; tam = him.
Narantaka, Kumbhahanu, Mahanada and Samunnata, attendants of Prahasta sallied forth, surrounding him on all sides.
व्यूढेन एव सुघोरेण पूर्व द्वारात् स निर्ययौ || ६-५७-३२
गज यूथ निकाशेन बलेन महता वृतः |
32. saH = He; niryayau = emerged; puurva dvaaraat = from the eastern gate; vR^itaH = in the midst; mahataa = of an immense; sughoSeNa = formidable; vyuuDheneva = and orderly arranged; balena = army; gaja yuutha nikaashena = resembling a herd of elephants.
He emerged from the eastern gate in the midst of an immense, formidable and orderly arranged army, resembling a herd of elephants.
सागर प्रतिम ओघेन वृतस् तेन बलेन सः || ६-५७-३३
प्रहस्तो निर्ययौ तूर्णम् क्रुद्धह् काल अन्तक उपमः |
33. vR^itaH = In the centre; tena = of that; balena = army; saagara prati maughena = vast as the sea; saH prahastaH = that Prahasta; kruddhaH = in his fury; niryayau = came forth; kaalaantakayamopamaH = appearing like Death at the end of the world.
In the centre of that army, vast as the sea, that Prahasta in his fury, came forth appearing like Death at the end of the world.
तस्य निर्याण घोषेण राक्षसानाम् च नर्दताम् || ६-५७-३४
लन्कायाम् सर्व भूतानि विनेदुर् विकृतैह् स्वरैः |
34. tasya niryaaNaghoSeNa = the uproar that arose on his setting forth; raakSasaanaam cha = with his demons; nardataam = raising their war cries; vineduH = sounded forth; vikR^itaiH = sinister; svaraiH = answering calls; sarvabhuutaani = from all creatures; laN^kaayaam = in Lanka.
The uproar that arose on his setting forth with his demons raising the war-cries drew sinister answering calls from all creatures in Lanka.
व्यभ्रम् आकाशम् आविश्य मांस शोणित भोजनाः || ६-५७-३५
मण्डलान्य् अपसव्यानि खगाश् चक्रू रथम् प्रति |
35. khagaaH = birds; maamsashoNitabhojanaaH = eating flesh and blood; aavishya = entering; nyabhram = cloudless; aakaasham = sky; chakruH = flew; maN^Dalaani = in circles; apasvyaani = from left to right; rathamprati = towards the chariot.
In a cloudless sky, birds of prey eating flesh and blood, flew in circles from left to right towards the chariot.
वमन्त्यह् पावक ज्वालाह् शिवा घोरा ववाशिरे || ६-५७-३६
अन्तरिक्षात् पपात उल्का वायुश् च परुषो ववौ |
36. ghoraaH = fearful; shivaaH = jackals; vamantyaH = vomited forth; paavaka jvaalaaH = fire and flames; vavaashire = howling repeatedly; ulkaa = a meteor; papaata = fell; antarikSaat = from the sky; vaayushcha = and the wind; vavau = blew; paruSam = harshly.
Fearful jackals vomited forth fire and flames, howling repeatedly. A meteor fell from the sky and the wind blew harshly.
अन्योन्यम् अभिसम्रब्धा ग्रहाश् च न चकाशिरे || ६-५७-३७
मेघाश्च खरनिर्घोषा रथस्योपरि रक्षसः |
ववर्षू रुधिरम् च अस्य सिषिचुश् च पुरह् सरान् || ६-५७-३८
37; 38. grahaashcha = the planets; abhisamrabdhaaH = were in opposition; anyonyam = to each other; na cha prakaashire = and lost their brilliance; meghaashcha = the clouds; kharanirghoSaaH = made harsh sounds; vavarSuH = and rained; rudhiram = blood; upari = above; raakSasaH = the demons; rathasya = chariot; siSichushcha = and dampened; puraH saraan = those who were walking in front.
The plants, in opposition to each other, lost their brilliance. The clouds, with their raucous sound, showered blood on Prahasta's chariot and dampened those who were walking in front of it.
केतु मूर्धनि गृध्रो अस्य विलीनो दक्षिणा मुखः |
नदन्नुभयतः पार्श्वं समग्रामहरत्प्रभाम् || ६-५७-३९
39. gR^idhraH = A vulture; dakSiNaamukhaH = facing the south; viliinaH = alighted; muurdhani = on the top; ketoH = of the standard; nadan = croaking; ubhayataH paarshvam = on its both the sides; aharat = and deprived; (the demon); samagraam = of his entire; prabhaam = lustre.
A vulture facing the south alighted on the top of the standard, croaking towards both of its sides and deprived the demon of his entire lustre.
सारथेर् बहुशसः च अस्य सम्ग्रामम् अवगाहतः |
प्रतोदो न्यपतद्द् हस्तात् सूतस्य हय सादिनः || ६-५७-४०
40. pratodaH = the goad; nyapata = fell; bahushaH = several times; atra = then; hastaat = from the hand; saarathaH = of the charioteer; suutasya = a Suta (the son of a Kshastriya by a Brahmana woman); hayasaadinaH eventhough skilled in controlling the horses; avagaahataH = as he entered; samgraamam = the battle-field.
The goad fell several times then from the hand of the charioteer, himself a Suta (the son of a Kshatriya by a Brahamana woman) eventhough skilled in controlling the horses, as he entered the battle-field.
निर्याण श्रीश् च या अस्य आसीद् भास्वरा च सुदुर्लभा |
सा ननाश मुहूर्तेन समे च स्खलिता हयाः || ६-५७-४१
41. sudurlabhaa = that rarely; bhaasvaraa = splendour; yaa = which (clothed); niryaaNashriiH = (Prahasta) at the time of his exit; saa = that one; nanaasha = vanished; muhuurtena = in an instant; hayaashcha = and horses; sthalitaaH = stumbled; same = on the even ground.
That rarely splendour which clothed Prahasta at the time of his exit vanished in an instant and horses stumbled on the even ground.
प्रहस्तम् त्व् अभिनिर्यान्तम् प्रख्यात बल पौरुषम् |
युधि नाना प्रहरणा कपि सेना अभ्यवर्तत || ६-५७-४२
42. tam prahastam = (Beholding) that Prahasta; prakhyaata guNa pauruSam = renowned for his excellences and martial valour; niryaantam = as he advanced to give battle; kapisenaa = the army of monkeys; naana praharaNaa = furnished with weapons of every kind; abhyavartata = turned towards; yudii = the battle.
Beholding that Prahasta, renowned for his excellences and martial valour; as he advanced to give battle, the army of monkeys went forward to attack him.
अथ घोषह् सुतुमुलो हरीणाम् समजायत |
वृक्षान् आरुजताम् चैव गुर्वीश् च अगृह्णताम् शिलाः || ६-५७-४३
43. atha = thereafter; sutumulaH = an exceedingly tumultuous; ghoSaH = clamour; samajayata = arose; hariiNaam = among the monkeys; aarujataam chaiva = as they tore up; vR^ikSaan = the trees; gR^ihNataam = seized hold of; gurviiH = of huge; shilaaH = rocks.
Thereafter, an exceedingly tumultuous clamour arose among the monkeys as they tore up the trees and seized hold of huge rocks.
नदताम् राक्षसानां च वानराणाम् च गर्जताम् |
उभे प्रमुदिते सैन्ये रक्षो गण वन ओकसाम् || ६-५७-४४
वेगितानाम् समर्थानाम् अन्योन्य वध कान्क्षिणाम् |
परस्परम् च आह्वयताम् निनादह् श्रूयते महान् || ६-५७-४५
44; 45. nadataam = the yelling; raakSasaanaamcha = demons; garjataam = and the roaring; vaanaraaNaamcha = monkeys; ubhau = both; sainye = the armies; pramudite = were delighted; vegitaanaam = impetuous; samarthaanaam = and powerful; anyonya vadhakaaNkSiNaam = with impatience to slay each other; aahvayataam = challenging parasparam = each other; mahaan = and tremendous; ninaadaH = shouts; rakSogaNa vanaukasaam = of troops of demons and monkeys; shruuyati = were heard.
Both the armies of the yelling demons and the roaring monkeys were delighted, impetuous and powerful with impatience to slay each other and challenging each other with great shouts.
ततः प्रहस्तः कपि राज वाहिनीम् |
अभि प्रतस्थे विजयाय दुर्मतिः |
विवृद्ध वेगाम् च विवेश ताम् चमूम् |
यथा मुमूर्षुह् शलभो विभावसुम् || ६-५७-४६
46. tataH = thereafter; durmatiH = the evil-minded; prahastaH = Prahasta; pratasthe = sallied forth; vijayaaya = for victor; kapiraaja vaahiniim = towards the army of Sugreeva; mumurSuH = whom in his folly imagined he would destroy vivR^iddha vegaH cha = with an accelerated speed; shalabhaH iva = as a grasshopper; vibhaavasum = falls into a flame.
Thereafter, the evil-minded Prahasta sallied forth for victory towards the army of Sugreeva, whom in his folly, imagined he would destroy, with an accelerated speed as a grass-hopper rushes towards a flame.
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इत्यार्षे श्रीमद्रामायणे आदिकाव्ये युद्धकाण्डे सप्तपञ्चाशः सर्गः
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