Hearing the submission of Sarana, Ravana climbs up the roof of his palace and sees the entire army of monkeys from there. Ravana enquires about the various monkey leaders and Sarana shows him Nila, Angada, Nala, Sweta, Kumuda, Rambha, Sarabha, Panasa, Vinata and Krathana the army-generals along with their distinguishing characterestics.
tad vacaḥ pathyam aklībam sāraṇena abhibhāṣitam |
niśamya rāvaṇo rājā pratyabhāṣata sāraṇam || 6-26-1
1. nishamya = hearing; tat = those; vachaH = words; tathyam = which were truthful; akliibam = and cowardless; abhibhaaSitam = as spoken; saaraNena = by Sarana; raajaa = the king; raavanaH = Ravana; paryabhaSata = spoke; saaraNam = to Sarama (as follows):
Hearing those words, which were truthful and coward less, as spoken by Sarana, the king Ravana spoke to Sarana as follows:
yadi mām abhiyunjīran deva gandharva dānavāḥ |
na eva sītām pradāsyāmi sarva loka bhayād api || 6-26-2
2. aham = I; naiva daasyaami = do not give; siitaam = Seetha; yadi = even if; devagandharva daanavaaH = celestials; celestial musicians or demons; abhiyuNjiiran = attack (me); sarvalokabhayaadapi = or even if there is terror from all the worlds.
"I do not give Seetha even if the celestials, celestial musicians or demons attack me or even if there is a terror from all the worlds."
tvam tu saumya paritrasto haribhir nirjito bhṛśam |
pratipradānam adya eva sītāyāḥ sādhu manyase || 6-26-3
3. O; gentle one! tvamtu = as you were; bhR^isham = very much; piiDitaH- harassed; haribhiH = by the monkeys; paritrastaH = (and hence) fearful; manyase = you are thinking; pratipradaanam = of giving back; siitaayaaH = Seetha; adyaiva = now itself; saadhu = as good.
"O, gentle one! As you were harassed very much by the monkeys and hence fearful; you are thingking of giving back Seetha now itself as good."
ko hi nāma sapatno mām samare jetum arhati |
iti uktvā paruṣam vākyam rāvaṇo rākṣasa adhipaḥ || 6-26-4
āruroha tataḥ śrīmān prāsādam hima pāṇḍuram |
bahu tāla samutsedham rāvaṇo atha didṛkṣayā || 6-26-5
4; 5. kaH = which; sapatnaH = enemy; arhati = is fit; jitum = to defeat; maam = me; samare = in battle? raavaNaH = Ravana; raakShasaadhipaH = the lord of demons; raavaNaH = causing (the world) to cry; shriimaan = the illustrious demon; uktvaa = spoke; paruSam = harsha; vaakyam = words; iti = as aforesaid; atha = and then; tataH = from there; aaruroha = ascended; praasaadam = the roof of his palace; hitapaaNDuuram = which was white like snow; bahutaala samutsedham = and equal in height to several; palmyra trees; didR^ikSayaa = with a desire to see (the army of monkeys).
"Which enemy can defeat me in battle?" The illustrious Ravana, the lord of demons, causing the world to cry, spoke harsh words as aforesaid and then from there ascended the roof of his palace which was shining white like his snow and which was equal to the height his snow and which was equal to the height of several palmyrah trees, with a desire to see the army of monkeys.
tābhyām carābhyām sahito rāvaṇaḥ krodha mūrcitaḥ |
paśyamānaḥ samudram ca parvatāmḥ ca vanāni ca || 6-26-6
dadarśa pṛthivī deśam susampūrṇam plavam gamaiḥ |
6. raavanaH = Ravana; krodhamurchhitaH = stupefied with anger; sahitaH = along with; taabhyaam = those; charaabhyaam = spies; pashyamaanaH = was seeing; tam samudram = that ocean; parvataamshca = the mountains; vanaanicha = and the forest; dadarsha = and beheld; pR^ithiviidasham = the entire land; susampuurNam = completly filled; plavaNgamaiH = with monkeys.
Ravana, stupefied with anger, along with his spies, saw that ocean, the mountains and the forests and beheld the entire land completely filled with monkeys.
tad apāram asamkhyeyam vānarāṇām mahad balam || 6-26-7
ālokya rāvaṇo rājā paripapracca sāraṇam |
7. aalokya = seeing; tat = that; mahaabalam = great army; vaanaraaNaam = of monkeys; apaaram = which was boundless; asahyamcha = and intolerable; raajaa = the king; raavaNaH = Ravana; paripaprachchha = asked; saaraNam = sarana; (as follows):
Seeing that great army of monkeys, which was boundless and intolerable, the king Ravana asked Sarana as follows:-
eṣām vānara mukhyānām ke śūrāḥ ke mahābalāḥ || 6-26-8
ke pūrvam abhivartante mahāutsāhāḥ samantataḥ |
8. ke = which; vaanaraaH = monkeys; mukhyaaH = are importat; eSaam = in them? ke = who; shuuraaH = are valiant? ke = who; mahaabalaaH = are very strong? ke = who; abhivartante = will stay; puurvam = in front; samantataH = at all places; mahatsaahaaH = with great energy?
"Which monkeys are important among them? Who are valiant ones? Who are the very strong ones? Who will stay in front at all places, with great energy?"
keṣām śṛṇoti sugrīvaḥ ke vā yūthapa yūthapāḥ || 6-26-9
sāraṇa ācakṣva me sarvam ke pradhānāḥ plavam gamāḥ |
9. keSaam = to whom; sugriivaH = will Sugreeva; shruNoti = hear? ke vaa = who; yuuthapa yuthapaaH = are the generals of the commanders of the monkey- hordes? kimprabhaavaaH = what is the influence; plavangamaaH = of the monkeys?saaraNa = O; Sarana! aachakshva = tell; me = me; sarvam = all.
"To whom Sugreeva will hear? Who are the generals of the commanders of the monkey-heads? What is the influence of the monkeys? O, Sarana! Tell me all."
sāraṇo rākṣasa indrasya vacanam paripṛccataḥ || 6-26-10
ācacakṣe atha mukhyajño mukhyāṃs tāṃs tu vana okasaḥ |
10. atha = then; saraNaH = Sarana; mukhyajJNaH = who knew the chiefs of monkesy; aababhaaSati = spoke; vachanam = (the follwoing) words; mukhyaan = about the chiefs; vanaukasaH = of the monkeys; tatra = in them; raakSasendrasya = to the lord of demons; paripR^ichchhataH = who was enquiring (about them).
Then, Sarana who knew the chiefs of monkeys, spoke the following words about the chiefs of the monkeys i them, to the lord of demons who was enquiring about them.
eṣa yo abhimukho laṃkām nardaṃs tiṣṭhati vānaraḥ || 6-26-11
yūthapānām sahasrāṇām śatena parivāritaḥ |
yasya ghoṣeṇa mahatā saprākārā satoraṇā || 6-26-12
laṃkā pravepate sarvā saśaila vana kānanā |
sarva śākhā mṛga indrasya sugrīvasya mahātmanaḥ || 6-26-13
bala agre tiṣṭhate vīro nīlo nāma eṣa yūthapaḥ |
11; 12; 13. eSaH = he; niilonaama = is named Nila; viiraH = the heroic; yuuthapaH = chief of army; yasya = by whose; mahataa = great; ghoSeNa = battle-ery; sarvaa = the entire; laN^kaa = Lanka; sapraakaraa = with its ramparts; sashailavanakaananaa = with its mountains; gardens and forest; pratihataa = is resounding; yaH = which; eSaH = this; vaanaraH = monkey; parivaaritaH = is encircled; shatena = by hundreds; sahasreNaa = and thousands; yuuthapaanaam = of chiefs of the troops; tiSThati = and who is staitoned; laN^kaam abhi mukhaH = with his face directed towards Lanka; nardan = and making a roaring sound; tiSThate = (He is) standing; blaagre = in front of the army; sugriivasya = of Sugreeva; mahaatmanaH = the high-souled; sarv ashakhaa mR^igendrasya = lord of all the monkeys.
"He, the valiant one, who holds his arms high, who tramples the earth under his feet as he marches, whose face is turned towards Lanka, who in fury is knitting his brows very much, who is resembling a mountain- peak in stature, who is like filaments of a louts in hue, who is excess of anger continuously lashes out his tail and the swish of which is heard in ten regions, he is the prince named Angada, anointed by Sugreeva the king of monkeys and is challenging you to the battle."
bāhū pragṛhya yaḥ padbhyām mahīm gaccati vīryavān || 6-26-14
laṃkām abhimukhaḥ kopād abhīkṣṇam ca vijṛmbhate |
giri śṛnga pratīkāśaḥ padma kinjalka samnibhaḥ || 6-26-15
sphoṭayati abhisamrabdho lāngūlam ca punaḥ punaḥ |
yasya lāngūla śabdena svananti iva diśo daśa || 6-26-16
eṣa vānara rājena surgrīveṇa abhiṣecitaḥ |
yauvarājye angado nāma tvām āhvayati samyuge || 6-26-17
14; 15; 16; 17. yaH = He (who); viiryavaan = the valiant one; pratigR^ihya = who hold; baahuu = his arms (hight); gachchhati = and who tramples; mahiim = the earth; padbhyaam = under his feet (as he marches); laN^kaam abhimukhaH = who face is turned towards Lanka; kopaat = and who in fury; vijR^imbhate = is knitting his brows; abhiikSaNam = very much; girishR^iga pratiikaashaH = who is resembling a mountian peak (in stature); padmakiN^jalkasamnibhaH = and like the filaments of a lotus in hue; atisamrabdhaH = who is excess of anger; punaH punaH = continueously; sphoTayati = lashes out; laN^guulam = his tail; yasya = whose; laN^guulashabdena = swish of the tail; svananti = is heard; dasha = in ten; pradishaH = regions; eSaH = he; yuvaraajaH = is the prince; aNgadonaama = nemed Angada; abhiSechitaH = anointed; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; vaanararajena = the king of monkeys; aahvayati = and is inviting; tvam = you; samyuge = to battle.
"He, the valiant one, who holds his arms high, who tramples the earth under his feet as he marches, whose face is turned towards Lnaka, who in fury is knitting his brows very much, who is remsebling amountain- peak in stature, who is like filaments ofa louts in hue, who is excess of anger continuously lashes out his tail and the swish of hwich is heard in ten regious, he is the prince named Angada, anointed by Sugreeva the king of monkeys and is challenging you to the battle."
vālinaḥ sadṛśaḥ putraḥ sugrīvasya sadā priyaḥ |
rāghavārthe parākrāntaḥ śakrārthe varuṇo yathā || 6-26-18
18. (This Angada) sadR^ishaH = a worthy; putraH = son; vaalinaH = of Vali; sadaa = and always; priyaH = dear; sugriivasya = to Sugreeva; paraakraantaH = is coming forward; raaghavaarthe = for Rama's interest; varuNoyathaa = as Varuna; shakraarthe = is to Indra's.
"This Angada, a worthy son of Vali and always dear to Sugreeva, is coming forwards for Rama's interests, as Varuna is to Indra's."
etasya sā matiḥ sarvā yaddṛṣṭā janakātmajā |
hanūmatā vegavatā rāghavasya hitaiṣiṇā || 6-26-19
19. saa sarvaa = It is all; etasya = in his (Angada's) matiH = wisdom; itiyat = that; janakaatmajaa = Seetha; dR^iSTaa = was found; hanuumataa = by Hanuman; vegavataa = the swift monkey; hitaiSiNaa = who desires the welfare; raaghavasya = of Rama.
"It is all due to Angada's design that Seetha was found by Hanuman, who is a swift monkey and a well-wisher of Rama."
bahūni vānarendrāṇāmeṣa yūthāni vīryavān |
parigṛhyābhiyāti tvām svenānīkena marditum || 6-26-20
20. eSaH = this Angada; viiryavaan = the valiant; parigR^ihya = taking along with him; bahuuni = innumerable; yuthaani = chiefs of monkeys; abhiyaati = is approaching; marditum to crush; tvaam = you; svena aniikena = with the help of his own army.
"This valiant Angada, bringing along with him innumerable cheifs of monkeys, is approaching to crush you, with the help of his own army."
anuvālisutasyāpi balena mahatā vṛtaḥ |
vīrastiṣṭhati samgrāme setuheturayam nalaḥ || 6-26-21
21. ayam = this; nalaH = Nala; setu hetuH = who is the creator of the bridge; viiraH = and the valiant one; samgraame = in battle; tiSThati = stands; anuvaalisutasya = next to Angada; son of Vali; vR^itaH = surrounded by; mahataa = a large; balena = army.
"Surrounded by a large army, here stands the valiant Nala the creator of the bridge, next to Angada the son of Vali, prepared for the battle."
ye tu viṣṭabhya gātrāṇi kṣveḍayanti nadanti ca |
utthāya ca vijṛmbhante krodhena hari pumgavāḥ || 6-26-22
ete duṣprasahā ghorāḥ caṇḍāḥ caṇḍa parākramāḥ |
aṣṭau śata sahasrāṇi daśa koṭi śatāni ca || 6-26-23
ya enam anugaccanti vīrāḥ candana vāsinaḥ |
eṣa āśaṃsate laṃkām svena anīkena marditum || 6-26-24
22; 23; 24. ye = which; aSTau = eight; shatasahasraaNi = laksha; dashakoti and shataanicha = ten hundred crores; haripuNgavaaH = of excellent monkeys; chandana vaasinaH = lodging in sandalwood groves; vadanticha = who are yelling kSveDayanti = with a lions roar; viSTabhya = having stiffened; gatraaNi = their limbs; vijR^imbhante = are knitting their eye-brow; utthaaya = raised; krodhena = in anger; ye = which; viiraaH = valiant monkeys; anugacchhanti = who are going after; enam = him; duSprasahaaH = are difficult to be conquered; ghoraaH = the terrific; chaNDaah = the fierceful; chaNDaparaakramaaH = having feroceous zeal; eSaiva = Nala himself; svena = with his; aniikena; army; aashamsate = aspires marditum = to smash; laN^kaam = Lanka.
"These excellent monkeys, numbering a thousand crores and eight lakhs, lodging in sandalwood groves, yelling with a lion's roar and having stiffened their limbs, are knitting their eye=brows raised in anger. These valiant monkeys, who are terrific and fierceful having a feroceous zeal are going after Nala. Nala himself with his aforesaid army aspires to smash Lanka forthwith."
śveto rajata samkāśaḥ sabalo bhīma vikramaḥ |
buddhimān vānaraḥ śūras triṣu lokeṣu viśrutaḥ || 6-26-25
tūrṇam sugrīvam āgamya punar gaccati vānaraḥ |
vibhajan vānarīm senām anīkāni praharṣayan || 6-26-26
25; 26. vaanaraH = a monkey; shvetaH = called Sveta; rajatasamkaashaH = of siver hue; chapalaH = who is quick-witted; bhiimavikramaH = and of terrific prowess; buddhimaan = an intelligent monkey; shuuraH = a warrior; vishrutaH = renowned; triSu lokeSu = in the three worlds; aagatya = has come; sugriivam = to Sugreeva; tuurNam = swiftly; vibhajan = dividing; senaam = the army; vaanariim = of monkeys; praharSayan = and bringing great delight; aniikaani = to the troops; gachchhati = he goes; punaH = back; satvaraH = at once.
"A monkey called Sweta of sivlver hue who is quick-witted and cleaver, of terricfic prowess and a warrior renowned in the three worlds, has come to Sugreeva swiftly, dividing the army of monkeys and brining great delight to the troops, he goes back at once."
yaḥ purā gomatī tīre ramyam paryeti parvatam |
nāmnā samkocano nāma nānā naga yuto giriḥ || 6-26-27
tatra rājyam praśāsti eṣa kumudo nāma yūthapaḥ |
yo asau śata sahasrāṇām sahasram parikarṣati || 6-26-28
yasya vālā bahu vyāmā dīrgha lāngūlam āśritāḥ |
tāmrāḥ pītāḥ sitāḥ śvetāḥ prakīrṇā ghora karmaṇaḥ || 6-26-29
adīno roṣaṇaḥ caṇḍaḥ samgrāmam abhikānkṣati |
eṣa eva āśaṃsate laṃkām svena anīkena marditum || 6-26-30
27; 28; 29; 30. puraa = long ago; yaH = which; giriH = mountain; ramaym = called Ramya; gomatiitiire = on the banks of Gomati; (that mountain) naanaanagayutaH = filled with various kinds of trees; naamnaa = was called; samrochanonaama = by another name; Samrochana; yuuthapaH = an army chief; kumudonaama = named Kumuda; eSaH = this; parvatam = mountain; prashaasti = and was ruling; raajyam = the kingdom; tatra = there; yaH = who; parikarSati = was leading; saharSam = happily; shatasahasraaNi = lakshs (of monkeys); yasya = whose; bahuvyaamaaH = very long; valaaH = hair; tamraaH = coppery; piitaaH = yello; siitaaH = pale; shvetaaH = and white; ghoradarshanaaH = and hideous to look upon; prakiirNa = thrown about (and) aashritaH = resting on; diirghalaaN^guulam = his long tail; vaanaraH = that monkey; adiinaH = is undepressed in spirit; chaNDaH = and fierceful; abhikaaNkSati = yearns; saN^graamam = the battle; eSaiva = he even; aashamsate = desires; marditum = to smash; laN^kaam = Lanka; svena = with his; aniikena = foreces.
"There was mountain called Ramya, on the banks of River Gomati. That mountain filled with various kinds of trees was also called Samrochana. An army-chief, named Kumuda used to roam around that mountainous region. He also used to rule that kingdom. He is the leader for lakhs of monkeys. He has a very long hair-coppery, yellow, pale and white and hideous to cook upon- thrown about on his tail is the intrepid and fierceful monkey called Kanda. He yearns to fight and boast that he with destroy Lanka his forces."
yas tv eṣa simha samkāśaḥ kapilo dīrgha kesaraḥ |
nibhṛtaḥ prekṣate laṃkām didhakṣann iva cakṣuṣā || 6-26-31
vindhyam kṛṣṇa girim sahyam parvatam ca sudarśanam |
rājan satatam adhyāste rambho nāma eṣa yūthapaḥ || 6-26-32
śatam śata sahasrāṇām triṃśac ca hari yūthapāḥ |
yam yāntam vānarā ghorāścaṇḍāścaṇḍparākramāḥ || 6-26-33
parivārya anugaccanti laṃkām marditum ojasā |
31; 32; 33. raajan = O; king! saH = he; yaH = lion; kapilaH = of yellowish brown colour; diirgha kesaraH = with long mane; prekSate = and who is seeing; laN^kaam = the city of Lanka; nibhR^itaH = attentively; didhakSanniva = as though he wishes to consume it; chakSuSaa = with his glances; adhyaaste = who dwells; satatam = mostly; krishnagirim = on the mountain of Krishna; sahyam parvatam = and Sahya mountain; vindhyam = Vindhya range; sudarshanam = of pleasing aspect; yuddhapaH = is the General; rambhonaama = named Rambha; trimshashca = thirty; shatam = hundred; shatasahasraaNaam = laksh; haripuNgavaaH = of excellent monkeys; ghoraaH = who are formidable; chaNDaparakramaH = of impetuous valour; vaanaraaH = the monkeys; ojasaa = of vigour; parivaarya = surround; yam = him; yaantam = who is moving; anugachchhanti = and follow in his steps; marditum = to destroy; laN^kaam = Lanka.
"O, king! He who resembles a tawny lion with a long mane and who is looking at Lanka attentively as though he wishes to consume it with his glasses, who dwells mostly on the mountains of Krishna and Sahya of Vindhya range of pleasing aspect, is the General named Rambha. Three thousand crores of excellent monkeys, who are formidable of impetuous valour and vigour, surround him who is marching ahead and follow in his goot-sets to destroy Lanka."
yas tu karṇau vivṛṇute jṛmbhate ca punaḥ punaḥ || 6-26-34
na ca samvijate mṛtyor na ca yūthād vidhāvati |
prakampate ca roṣena tiryakca punarīkṣate || 6-26-35
paśyan lāṅgūlamapi ca ksveḍatyeṣa mahābalaḥ |
mahābalo vīta bhayo ramyam sālveya parvatam || 6-26-36
rājan satatam adhyāste śarabho nāma yūthapaḥ |
34; 35; 36. pashya = look! raajan = O; king! yaH tu = the one who; jR^imbhate cha = is yawning; punaH punaH = again and again; vipR^iNute = and who is shaking; karNau = his ears natu samvijate = he who does not have fear; mR^ityoH = about death; nachapradhaavati = who never retreats; yuddhaat = from a battle; prakampate = but violently moves; roSheNa = with rage; iikSate = who sees; punaH = again; tiryak = obliquely; vikSepam = he who lashes out; laNguulam = his tail; kSveDati = roars like a lion; mahaabalaH = with great vigour; satatam = and constantly; adhyaaste = dwells; ramyam = on the lovely; saalveyam parvatam = Salveya mountain; eSaH = he; sharabhonaama = in Sarabha by name; yuuthapaH = the commander of monkeys; mahaujasaa = of immense energy; viitabhyayaH = devoid of fear.
"O, king! Look! The one who is yawning continuously and shaking his ears, he who does not have fear of death, he who never retreats from a battle, but violently moves with rage, who again sees obliquely, he who lashes out his tail and roars like a lion with great vigour, he who constantly dwells on the lovely Salveya mountain, he is Sarabha by name, the commander of monkeys with immense energy and devoid of fear."
etasya balinaḥ sarve vihārā nāma yūthapāḥ || 6-26-37
rājan śata sahasrāṇi catvāriṃśat tathaiva ca |
37. raajan = O; king! sarve = all; etasya = his; shatasahasraaNi = one lakh; tathaiva = and ehaturvisushat = forty thousand; yuuthapaaH = army-chiefs; vihaaraaH naama = named Viharas*; balinaH = are strong.
"O, king! All his one lakh and forty thousand army-chiefs called Viharas* are strong.
*Viharas - Those who roam about at will.
yas tu megha iva ākāśam mahān āvṛtya tiṣṭhati || 6-26-38
madhye vānara vīrāṇām surāṇām iva vāsavaḥ |
bherīṇām iva samnādo yasya eṣa śrūyate mahān || 6-26-39
ghoraḥ śākhā mṛga indrāṇām samgrāmam abhikānkṣatām |
eṣa parvatam adhyāste pāriyātram anuttamam || 6-26-40
yuddhe duṣprasaho nityam panaso nāma yūthapaḥ |
38; 39; 40. yaH = the one who; mahaan megha iva = is like a great cloud; aavR^itya; enveloping; aakaasham = space; tiSThati = and who stays; madhye = in the middle; vaanaraviiraaNaam = of monkey- warriors; vaasavaH iva = like Indra (the god of celestials) mahaan = the great; ghoSaH = vocie; yasyaiva = of whose; shaakhaa mR^igendraaNaam = monkeys; abhikaaNkSataam = desiring; saNgraamam = for a battle; shruuyate samnaadaH iva = is heard like the roll; bheriiNaam = of drums; eSaH = he; yuuthapaH = the General; panasonaama = named Panasa; nityam = always; duSprasahaH = invinible; yuddhe = in battle; adhyaaste = (and he) dwells; paariyaatram = in Pariyatra; anuttamam = a mountain that is exceeded by none in height."
"The one who is like a great cloud, enveloping the space and who stays in teh middle of monkey-warriors like Indra the god of celestials, the great voice of whose monkeys wishing for battle is heard like the roll of drums, is the General named Panasa, who is always invincible in battle. He dwells in Pariyatra, a mountain that is exceeded by none in height."
enam śata sahasrāṇām śata ardham paryupāsate || 6-26-41
yūthapā yūthapa śreṣṭham yeṣām yūthāni bhāgaśaḥ |
41. enam = to him; yuuthapashreSTham = whos is excellent among army-chiefs; eSaam = whose; yuuthaam = troop-commenders; shataartham = numbering fifty; shatasahasraaNaam = laksha; bhaagashaH = in separate units; paryupaasate = attend obediently; enam = to him.
Troop-commanders numbering fifty lakhs commanding separate units attend obediently to him, who is excellent among the Generals."
yas tu bhīmām pravalgantīm camūm tiṣṭhati śobhayan || 6-26-42
sthitām tīre samudrasya dvitīya iva sāgaraḥ |
eṣa dardara samkāśo vinato nāma yūthapaḥ || 6-26-43
pibamḥ carati parṇāśām nadīnām uttamām nadīm |
ṣaṣṭiḥ śata sahasrāṇi balam asya plavam gamāḥ || 6-26-44
42; 43; 44. yaH = he who; sthitaam = is encamped; SaSTiH = with sixty; shatasahasraaNi = lakhs; plavaN^gamaaH = monkeys; asya = his; balam = strength of army; samudrasya tiire = on the sea-shore; dvitiiya saagaraH iva = like unto a second ocean; yuuthapaH- is the commander; vinatonaama = called Vinata; eSaH = who; dardurasamkaashaH = resembles the Dardura mountain (in size); shobhayan = lending charm; bhiimaam = to the formidable; chamuum = army; pravalgantiim = marching; charati = and moves about; piban = drinking; naddiim = ( the waters of) River; veNaam = Vena; uttamaam = the foremost; nadiinaam = of all rivers.
"He who is encamped with sixty lakhs monkeys as his army-strength on the sea-shore like unto a second ocean is the commander called Vinata who resembles Dardura mountain (in size) and is positioned there lending charm to the formidable army marching ahead and moves about, drinking the water of River Vena, the foremost of all rivers."
tvām āhvayati yuddhāya krathano nāma yūthapaḥ |
vikrāntā balavantaśca yathā yūthāni bhāgaśaḥ || 6-26-45
45. vaanaraH = A monkey; krathanonaama = called Krathana; (keeping); vikrantaaH = the courageous; balavantashcha = and strong monkeys; yuuthaani = and the army-chiefs; yathaa = according to bhaagashaH = separate units; aahvayati = and invites; tvaam = you; yuddhaaya = for the battle."
"A monkey called krathana, keeping the courageous, strong monkeys and the army-lieutenants in separate units, is inviting you for the battle."
yas tu gairika varṇa ābham vapuḥ puṣyati vānaraḥ |
avamatya sadā sarvānvānarān baladarpitaḥ || 6-26-46
gavayo nāma tejasvī tvām krodhād abhivartate |
46. yaH = which; vaanaraH = monkey; puSyati = nourishes; vapuH = his body; gairika varNaabham = radiant with the colour of a red-chalk; sadaa = who is forever; baladarpitaH = proud of his strength; tejasvii = and resplendent; gavapnaama = is called Gavaya; tvaam abhivartate = is stunds facing you;krodhaat = with anger; avamatya = despising sarvaan = all; vaanaraan = the monkeys.
"That resplendent monkey who for his part nourishes his body having the hue of a red chalk and proud of his strength, stands facing you with anger despising all other monkeys."
enam śata sahasrāṇi saptatiḥ paryupāsate |
eṣa āśaṃsate laṃkām svena anīkena marditum || 6-26-47
47. saptatiH = seventy; shatasahasraaNi = lakhs; paryopaasate = are attending on; evam = him; eSaiva = he himself; aashamsate = wishes; marditum = to crush; laN^kaam = the city of Lanka; svena = (with the help of) his own; aniikena = army.
"Seventy lakhs monkeys are attending on him. He himself wishes to crush the city of Lanka with the help of his army."
ete duṣprasahā ghorā balinaḥ kāma rūpiṇaḥ |
yūthapā yūthapa śreṣṭhā yeṣām samkhyā na vidyate || 6-26-48
48. ete = these; viiraaH = valiant; yuuthapaaH = commanders; yuuthapashreSThaaH = and the commander-in-chiefs; duSprasahaaH = are difficult to be attacked; eSaam = whose; samkhyaa = number; navidyate = is not know; teSaam = their; yuuthaani = troops; bhaagashaH = are divided in parts.
"These commanders and commanders-in-chief are difficult to be conquered and their number is hard to be counted. Their troops are divided into distinct units."
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye yuddhakāṇḍe ṣaḍviṃśaḥ sargaḥ
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© April 2004, K. M. K. Murthy
What the world says about
who and monkeys
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