Ravana refuses to hear the words of Vibhishana and rebukes him with harsh words. Vibhishana gets angry and sets off, to leave Ravana.
सुनिविष्टम् हितम् वाक्यम् उक्तवन्तम् विभीषणम् |
अब्रवीत् परुषम् वाक्यम् रावणः काल चोदितः || ६-१६-१
1. vibhishhaNam = to Vibhishana; sunuvishhTam = who was very stable; uktavantam = and who spoke; hitam = wholesome; vaakyam = words; raavanNaH = Ravana; kaalachoditaH = goaded by death; abraviit = spoke; parushham = harsh; vaakyam = words; (as follows):
Ravana, goaded by death, spoke the following harsh words to Vibhishana, who was very stable and who had spoken wholesome words:
वसेत् सह सपत्नेन क्रुद्धेन आशी विषेण च |
न तु मित्र प्रवादेन सम्वस्च्चत्रुणा सह || ६-१६-२
2. vaset = one can stay; sapatnena saha = with an enemy; ashiivishheNa = or with a snake; kruddhena = which is enraged; tu = but; na samvaset = one cannot stay; shatruNaasaha = with an enemy; mitrapravaadena = talking as a friend."
"One can stay together with an enemy or even with a furious snake, but one cannot stay together with an adversary yet avowing himself as a friend"
जानामि शीलम् ज्ञातीनाम् सर्व लोकेषु राक्षस |
हृष्यन्ति व्यसनेष्वेते ज्ञातीनाम् ज्ञातयः सदा || ६-१६-३
3. O; demon! GYaami = I know shiilam = the conduct; gyaatiinaam = of kinsmen; sadaa = always; hR^ishhyanti = are rejoiced; vyasaneshhu = at the calamities; g^yaatiinaam = of their kinsmen."
"O, demon! I know the conduct of kinsmen in all the worlds. These kinsmen always are rejoiced at the calamities of their kinsmen"
प्रधानम् साधकम् वैद्यम् धर्म शीलम् च राक्षस |
ज्ञातयो ह्यनमन्यन्ते शूरम् परिभवन्ति च || ६-१६-४
4. raakshhasa = O;demon; n^yaatayaH = kinsmen; avamanyante hi = indeed insult; paribhavanticha = and even humiliate; saadhakam = an effective; pradhaanam = leader; vaidyam = an educated person; dharmashiilaamcha = a person of right conduct; shuuram = and a valiant man."
"O, demon! The kinsmen indeed insult and even humiliate their kinsman, who is an effective leader, a person of education and right conduct and a valiant man."
नित्यम् अन्योन्य सम्हृष्टा व्यसनेष्वाततायिनः |
प्रच्चन्न हृदया घोरा ज्ञातयस् तु भय आवहाः || ६-१६-५
5. ghoraaH = the horrible; G^yaataH = kinsmen; prachchhanna hR^idayaaH = with their concealed thoughts; aatataayinaH = and treacherous minds; bhayaavahaaH = terrific ones as they are; nityam = always; anyonyasamhR^ishhTaaH = rejoice each other; vyasaneshhu = in adversities."
"The horrible kinsmen with their concealed thoughts and treacherous minds, terrific ones as they are, always rejoice each other in adversities."
श्रूयन्ते हस्तिभिर् गीताः श्लोकाः पद्म वने पुरा |
पाश हस्तान् नरान् दृष्ट्वा शृणु तान् गदतो मम || ६-१६-६
6. padmavane = In a forest called Padmavana; puraaH = previously; shlokaH = maxims; giitaH = were spoken; hastibhiH = by elephants; dR^ishhTvaa = after seeing; naraan = men; paasha hastaan = with nooses in hand; shR^iNushhva = Hear; gadataH = as told; mama = to me."
"Previously in a forest called Padmavana, some maxims were spoken by elephants, which saw men with nooses in hand. Hear and I shall tell them."
नाग्निर्नान्यानि शस्त्राणि न नः पाशा भयावहाः |
घोराः स्वार्थप्रयुक्तास्तु ज्ञातयो नो भयावहाः || ६-१६-७
7. naH = for us; na = no; agniH = fire; na = no; anyaani = after; shastraaNi = weapons; na = no; paashaaH = nooses; na = they are not; bhayaavahaaH = begetting fear; ghoraH = the terrific; jJNaatayaH = kinsmen; svaarthaprayuktaaH = incited by selfishness; bhayaavahaaH = are begetting fear; naH = to us."
"For us, fire or weapons or nooses are not begetting fear. The terrific kinsmen, incited by selfishness are begetting fear to us."
उपायमेते वक्ष्यन्ति ग्रहणे नात्रसंशयः |
कृत्स्नाद् भयाज्ज्ञातिभयम् सुकष्टम् विदितम् च नः || ६-१६-८
8. ete = these kinsmen; vakshhyanti = will inform; upaayam = the strategy; grahaNe = to seize us; na = there is no; samshayaH = doubt; atra = in this; kR^itsnaat; out of all; bhayaat = fears; G^yaatibhayam = the fear of kinsmen; sukashhTam = is very troublesome; naH = for us; viditam = It is known thing."
"These kinsmen will inform the strategy to our enemies to seize us. There is no doubt about this. Out of all fears, the fear of kinsmen is very much troublesome for us. It is a well known thing."
विद्यते गोषु सम्पन्नम् विद्यते ज्ञातितो भयम् |
विद्यते स्त्रीषु चापल्यम् विद्यते ज्ञातितो भयम् || ६-१६-९
9. vidyate = There is; sampannam = wealth; goshhu = in cows; vidyate = there is; bhayam = fear; G^yaatitaH = for kinsmen; vidyate = there is; chaapalyam = fickleness; striishhu = in women; vidyate = there is; tapaH = austerity; braahmaNe = in brahmins."
"There is wealth in cows. There is fear for kinsmen. There is fickleness in women. There is austerity in Brahmins."
ततो नेष्टम् इदम् सौम्य यदहम् लोक सत्कृतः |
ऐश्वर्यम् अभिजातः च रिपूणाम् मूर्ध्नि च स्थितः || ६-१६-१०
10. saumya = O;gentleman! TataH = hence; idam = this; na ishhTam = is not of liking to you; iti yat = that; aham = I; loka satkR^itaH = am venerated by the people; abhijaataHcha = that I obtained; aishvaryam = riches; sthitaHcha = and that I am sitting tight; muurdhni = in the head; ripuNaam = of enemies."
"O, gentleman! Hence, it is not of liking to you that the people are venerating me, that I obtained riches and that I am sitting tight in the heads of enemies".
यथा पुष्करपत्रेषु पतितास्तोयबिन्दवः |
न श्लेषमभिगच्चन्ति तथानार्येषु सौहृदम् || ६-१६-११
11. yathaa = how; toyabindavaH = drops of water; palitaaH = fallen; pushhkarapatreshhu = on lotus leaves; na abhigachchhanti = do not get; shleshham = clinging; tathaa = in the same manner. SouhR^idam = friendship; anaaryeshhu = in vulgar ones."
"As drops of water fallen on lotus leaves do not get clung to those leaves, so also a friendship does not cling to vulgar ones."
यथा शरदि मेघानाम् सिञ्चातामपि गर्जताम् |
न भवत्यमुबसम्क्लेदस्तथानार्येषु सौहृदम् || ६-१६-१२
12. yathaa = how; piNchataam = raining; meghaanaam = clouds ; garjataamapi = even if thundering; na bhaveti = cannot; ambusamsamkledaH = give excessive wetness with water; tathaa = in the same manner; souhR^idam = friendship; anaaryeshhu = in vulgar people."
"As rainy clouds in autumn, even though thundering, cannot get the earth saturated with water, so also friendship does not have tenderness of heart in vulgar people."
यथा मधुकरस्तर्षाद्रासम् विन्दन्न तिष्ठति |
तथा त्वमपि तत्रैव तथानार्येषु सौहृदम् || ६-१६-१३
13. yathaa = how; madhukaraH = a honey bee; vindan = getting; rasam = nectar (from a flower); na tishhThati = does not stick on (that flower);tarshhaat = due to eager desire (for more); tathaa = in the same manner; tvamapi = you also; tatraiva = in that(category) only; tathaa = in the same manner; souhR^idam = friendship; anaaryeshhu = in vulgar people."
"As a honey bee, even though getting nectar from a flower, does not stick on to that flower due to its eager desire for more, you also belong to that category as friendship does not stick on to vulgar people."
यथा मधुकर्स्तराषात्काशपुष्पम् पिबन्नपि |
रसमत्र न विन्देत तथानार्येषु सौहृदम् || ६-१६-१४
14. yathaa = how; madhukaraH = a honey bee; na vindeta = cannot get; rasam = nectar; atra = in it; pibannapi = even though trying to drink;kaashapushhpam = on a flower of grass; tathaa = in the same manner ; sauhR^idam = friendship; anaaryeshhu = from vulgar persons."
"As even though trying to drink nectar from a flower of grass, a honey bee cannot get it, so also friendship cannot be extracted from vulgar persons."
यथा पूर्वम् गजः स्नात्वा गृह्य हस्तेन वै रजः |
दूषयत्यात्मनो देहम् तथानार्येषु सौहृदम् || ६-१६-१५
15. yathaa = how; gajaH = an elephants; duushhayati = abuses; aatmanaH = its; deham = body; gR^ihya = by helping itself; rajah = with dust; snaatvaa = after taking bath; puurvaa = earlier; hastena = with its trunk; tathaa = in the same manner; souhR^idam = friendship; anaryeshhu = in vulgar persons"
"How an elephant abuses its body by helping itself with dust after taking bath earlier with its trunk, friendship gets an abuse in vulgar persons in the same manner."
योऽन्यस्त्वेवम्विधम् ब्रूयाद् वाक्यमेतन्निशाचर |
अस्मिन् मुहूर्ते न भवेत् त्वाम् तु धिक् कुलपांसनम् || ६-१६-१६
16. nishaachara = O; demon; walking about by night! yaH = Whoever; anyaH = other one; evamvidham = in this manner; bruuyaat = utters; etat = these; vaakyam = words; na bhavet = he will not be present; asmin = at this; muhuurte = moment; kula paamsana = O; destroyer of race! dhik = A curse; tvaam tu = upon you."
"O, demon, walking about by night! If any other person utters these words in this manner, he will be ceasing to exit at this moment. O, destroyer of race! A curse upon you!"
इतिउक्तः परुषम् वाक्यम् न्यायवादी विभीषणः |
उत्पपात गदापाणिःचतुर्भिः सह राक्षसैः || ६-१६-१७
17. parushham = harsh; vaakyam = words; iti = thus; uktaH = spoken; vibhiishhaNaH = Vibhishana; nyaayavaadii = who advocates justice; gadaapaaNiH = having a mace in his hand; utpapaata = soared into the sky; chaturbhiH raakshhasaiH saha = along with four demons.
Hearing those harsh words from Ravana, Vibhishana who advocates justice, wielding a mace in his hand, soared high into the sky, along with four other demons.
अब्रवीच्च तदा वाक्यम् जातक्रोधो विभीषणः |
अन्तरिक्षगतः श्रीमान् भ्रातरम् राक्षस अधिपम् || ६-१६-१८
18. tadaa = then; shriimaan = the illustrious; vibhiishhaNaH = Vibhishana; jaatakrodhaH = for whom angry was arisen; antarikshhagataH = after moving into the sky; abraviichcha = spoke also; raakshhasaadhipam = to the king of demons; bhraataram = his brother.
Then, the illustrious Vibhishana who became angry also spoke these words to king Ravana, his brother after moving into the sky.
स त्वम् भ्राता असि मे राजन् ब्रूहि माम् यद् यद् इच्चसि |
ज्येष्ठो मान्यः पितृसमो न च धर्मपथे स्थितः || ६-१६-१९
इदम् तु परुषम् वाक्यम् न क्षमामि अनृतम् तव |
19. raajan = O;king! SaH tvam = you as such; asi = are; bhraataa = brother; me = to me; bruuhi = speak; maam = to me; yadyat = whatever; ichchhasi = you like; jyeshhThaH = elder brother; pitR^isamaH = is equal to father; maanyaH = he is to be respected; nachasthitaH = even though not staying; dharmapathe = in right path; ; na kshhamaapi = I cannot forbear; ;idam = these; te = your; parushham = harsh; vaakyamtu = words."
"O, king! You are a brother to me. You utter whatever you like. Elder brother is like a father. Even if he is not staying in a right path, he is to be respected. But I cannot forbear these harsh words from you."
सुनीतम् हित कामेन वाक्यम् उक्तम् दश आनन || ६-१६-२०
न गृह्णन्ति अकृत आत्मानः कालस्य वशमागताः |
20. akR^itaatmenaH = those who have an ill composed mind; aagataah = and get; vasham = conceded; kaalasya = to the occasion; na gR^ihNanti = do not assimilate; suniitam vaakyam = the words of prudence; uktam = spoken; hitakaamena = by a well wisher."
"Those who have an ill composed mind and who get conceded to the occasion do not assimilate the words of prudence, spoken by a well wisher."
सुलभाः पुरुषा राजन् सततम् प्रिय वादिनः || ६-१६-२१
अप्रियस्य तु पथ्यस्य वक्ता श्रोता च दुर्लभः |
21. raajan = O;king! purushaaH = men; priyavaadinaH = who speak pleasing words; satatam = forever; sulabhaaH = are easy to be obtained; vaktaa = (But) one who speaks; pathyasya = of useful; apriyasya = but unpleasing words; shrotaacha = and also one listens to them; durlabhaaH = are rare to be obtained."
"O, king! Men who forever speak pleasing words are easy to be obtained. But one who speaks of useful but unpleasing words as also the one who listens to them, are rare to be obtained"
बद्धम् कालस्य पाशेन सर्व भूत अपहारिणा || ६-१६-२२
न नश्यन्तम् उपेक्षेयम् प्रदीप्तम् शरणम् यथा |
22. naupekshhe = I could not ignore; tvaam = you;nashyantam = being destroyed; paashena = by the noose; kaalasya = of Yama; (god of death); baddham = being tied; (around you); sarva bhuutaapahaariNaH = which takes away all beings; sharaNamyathaa = as a house; pradiiptam = which is burning."
"I could not ignore you, being destroyed by the noose of Yama (god of death); tied around you and which snatches away all beings, as none can ignore a burning house."
दीप्त पावक सम्काशैः शितैः कान्चन भूषणैः || ६-१६-२३
न त्वाम् इच्चामि अहम् द्रष्टुम् रामेण निहतम् शरैः |
23. aham = I; naichchhaami = do not wish; drashhTum = to see; tvaam = you; nihatam = killed; raameNa = by Rama; sharaiH = by his arrows; shitaaH = sharp as they are ; kaaNchana bhuushhaNaiH = = adorned with gold; diiptapaavaka samkaashaiH = and resembling like blazing fire."
"I do not wish to see you, being killed by Rama with his sharp arrows, adorned with gold and each resembling like a blazing fire."
शूराः च बलवन्तः च कृत अस्त्राः च नर आजिरे || ६-१६-२४
काल अभिपन्ना सीदन्ति यथा वालुक सेतवः |
24. naraaH = persons; shuuraaH = who are valiant; balavantashcha = who are strong; kR^itaashcha = and who are skilled in weaponry; kaalaabhipannaaH = overpowered by Time; siidanti = sink down = (ruin) vaaluka setuvaH yathaa = like a dam constructed with sand."
"Persons who are valiant, strong and skilled in weaponry, when time comes, sink down (ruin) as a dam constructed with sand sinks down."
तनर्षयतु यच्चोक्तम् गुरुत्वाद्धितमिच्चता || ६-१६-२५
आत्मानम् सर्वथा रक्ष पुरीम् च इमाम् सराक्षसाम् |
स्वस्ति ते अस्तु गमिष्यामि सुखी भव मया विना || ६-१६-२६
25; 26. gurutraat = as an elder brother; marshhayatu = be patient; tat = with that; uktam = spoken; yat = by which; hitam = welfare; ichchhataa = was desired by me; rakshha = guard; aatmaanam = yourself; saraaksshhasaam = along with demons; imaam = and this ; puriimcha = city ; sarvathaa = by all means; asti = Let (all) be; savasti = well; te = to you; gamishhyaami = I am departing; bhava = Be; sukhii = happy person; mayaa vinaa = without me."
"As an elder brother, bear the words spoken by me, who desire your welfare. Guard this city and yourself along with demons, by all means. Let all be well with you. I am departing. Be a happy person without me."
निवार्यमाणस्य मया हित एषिणा |
न रोचते ते वचनम् निशा चर |
परीत काला हि गत आयुषो नरा |
हितम् न गृह्णन्ति सुहृद्भिर् ईरितम् || ६-१६-२७
27. nishaachara = O; Ravana; the ranger of the night! vachanam = my words; narochate = are not relishing; te = to you; nivaaryanaaNasya = who are being restrained; mayaa = by me; hitaaishhiNaa = desiring welfare; naraaH = persons; gataayushhaH = whose duration of life is ended; na gR^ihNanti = do not accept ;hitam = the beneficial words; iiritam = spoken; suhR^idbhiH = by well wishers."
"O, Ravana the ranger of the night! My words are not relishing to you, who are being restrained by me duly desiring your welfare. Persons whose duration of life is to end, do not accept the salutary words spoken by their well wishers"
- - - -
इत्यार्षे श्रीमद्रामायणे आदिकाव्ये युद्धकाण्डे षोडशः सर्गः
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