Dadhimukha comes to Sugreeva and reports that Madhuvana, the grove abounding in honey, has been damaged by monkeys headed by Angada and Hanuma. When Lakshmana in the vicinity enquires Sugreeva about the matter, Sugreeva says that by hearing about the jubilation of the monkeys, it can be concluded that Seetha has been traced out. Assuaging Dadhimukha, Sugreeva asks him to send without delay, Hanuma, Angada and others to him, so as to hear about their efforts in tracing out Seetha.
tato mūrdhnā nipatitam vānaram vānara ṛṣabhaḥ |
dṛṣṭvā eva udvigna hṛdayo vākyam etat uvāca ha || 5-63-1
1. dR^iShTvaiva = just after seeing; vaanaram = Dadhimukha; nipatitam = who fell; muurdhnaa = touching the head (on his feet); vaanaram R^iShabhaH = Sugreeva the chef of monkeys; tataH = there; uvaacha ha = spoke; etat = these; vaakyam = words; udvigna hR^idayaH = with an agitated mind.
Just on seeing Dadhimukha, who fell touching his feet with his head, Sugreeva the chief of monkeys, with an agitated mind, spoke the following words:
uttiṣṭha uttiṣṭha kasmāt tvam pādayoḥ patito mama |
abhayam te bhavet vīra satyam eva abhidhīyatām || 5-63-2
2. viira = O valiant monkeys!; uttiShTha uttiShTha = stand up; rise!; kasmaat = for what reason; tvam = have you; patitaH = fallen; mama paadayoH = on my feet?; te abhayam bhavet = I grant you immunity from fear; sarvameva abhidhiiyataam = Let the entire truth be spoken!.
"O valiant monkey! Stand up, rise! Why have you fallen on my feet? I grant you immunity from fear. Let the entire truth be spoken!"
sa tu viśvāsitaḥ tena sugrīveṇa mahātmanā |
utthāya ca mahāprājño vākyam dadhi mukho abravīt || 5-63-3
3. vishvaasitaH = thus inspired with confidence; mahaatmanaa tena sugreevaNa = by that high-souled Sugreeva; saH sumahaa praaJNaH dadhimukhaH = that vastly intelligent Dadhimukha; utthaaya = rising up; abraviit = spoke; vaakyam = (the following) words:
Thus inspired by the high-souled Sugreeva with confidence, that highly intelligent Dadhimukha, rising up, spoke the following words:
na eva ṛkṣa rajasā rājan na tvayā na api vālinā |
vanam nisṛṣṭa pūrvam hi bhakṣitam tat tu vānaraiḥ || 5-63-4
4. raajaa = O king!; vanam = Madhuvana; naiva nispR^iSTa puurvam hi = was not indeed set free previously at any time; R^ikSha raajasaa = by Riksharajas; your father; na = nor; tvayaa = by you; na = nor vaalina api = by Vali eve; tachcha = It; bhakShitam = has been consumed; vaanaraiH = by the monkeys.
"O king! Madhuvana was indeed not set free previously at any time by Riksharajas, your father, or by you, or by even Vali. That Madhuvana has been consumed away by the monkeys."
ebhiḥ pradharṣitāḥ ca eva vāritā vana rakṣibhiḥ |
madhūni acintayitvā imān bhakṣayanti pibanti ca || 5-63-5
5. vaanaraaH = the monkeys; pradharShitaaH cha eva = when frightened; ebhiH vana rakShibhiH = by these guards of the grove; achintayitvaa = disregarding; imaan = then; bhakShayanti = (they) continue to eat (the fruits); pibanti cha = and drink; madhuuni = the honey.
"When these guards of the grove obstructed the monkeys, they disregarded the guards and continue to eat the fruits and drink the honey too."
śiṣṭam atra apavidhyanti bhakṣayanti tathā apare |
nivāryamāṇāḥ te sarve bhruvau vai darśayanti hi || 5-63-6
6. apavidhyanti = some are throwing away; shiShTam = the remnant (after drinking) of the honey; atra = there; tathaa = and; apare = some others; bhakShayanti = are consuming (that remnant); nivaaryamaaNaaH = (when) prevented (by us); te sarve = all of them; darshayanti hi = are indeed showing; bhruvaH = their eye-brows.
"Some are throwing away a remnant of honey, after drinking it there and some others are consuming that remnant. When prevented by us, all of them are indeed exhibiting their eye-brows to us (in anger)."
ime hi samrabdhatarāḥ tathā taiḥ sampradharṣitāḥ |
vārayanto vanāt tasmāt kruddhaiḥ vānara pumgavaiḥ || 5-63-7
7. ime = (when) these guards of the grove; samrabdhataraaH = are more angry; tathaa = and; vaarayantaH = keeping them off; tasmaat vaanaat = from that grove; sampradharShitaaH = they were threatened; taiH kruddhaiH vaanarapuN^gavaiH = by those enraged monkeys.
"When these guards of the grove became angry and tried to keep them off from the grove, those enraged monkeys threatened them."
tataḥ taiḥ bahubhiḥ vīraiḥ vānaraiḥ vānara ṛṣabhāḥ |
samrakta nayanaiḥ krodhādt harayaḥ sampracālitāḥ || 5-63-8
8. vaanara R^iShabhaaH = O chief of monkeys!; taiH viiraiH bahubhiH vaanaraiH = eyes; by those valiant monkeys in large numbers; samrakta nayanaiH = having red-eyes; harayaH = these monkeys; tataH = then; pravichaalitaaH = were driven away; krodhaat = with anger.
"O chief of monkeys! Then, those valiant monkeys in large numbers, having their red eyes in anger, drove away these monkeys."
pāṇibhiḥ nihatāḥ kecit kecij jānubhiḥ āhatāḥ |
prakṛṣṭāḥ ca yathā kāmam deva mārgam ca darśitāḥ || 5-63-9
9. kechit = some; nihataaH = were struck down; paaNibhiH = with their hands; kechit = some; aahataaH = were beaten; jaanubhiH = with their knees; prakR^iShTaaH = being dragged; yathaa kaamam = as liked by them; darshitaaH cha = they were tossed into; deva maargam = air.
"Those monkeys struck some of the guards with their hands. They beat some of them with their knees. They dragged some of them and tossed them into air."
evam ete hatāḥ śūrāḥ tvayi tiṣṭhati bhartari |
kṛtsnam madhu vanam caiva prakāmam taiḥ prabhakṣyate || 5-63-10
10. tvayi tiShThati bhartari = while you are in the position of a king; ete = these; shuuraaH = valiant guards; hataaH = were beaten; taiH = by those monkeys; kR^itsnam = the entire; madhu vanam chaiva = Madhuvana too; prakaamam prabhakSyate = is being eaten completely.
"While you are in the position of a king, those monkeys have beaten these valiant guards and are eating away the entire Maduvana too."
evam vijñāpyamānam tu sugrīvam vānara ṛṣabham |
apṛcchat tam mahāprājño lakṣmaṇaḥ para vīrahā || 5-63-11
11. tam sugriivam = to that Sugreeva; vaanara R^Shabham = the excellent of monkeys; vijJNaapyamaanam = who was being reported; evam = thus; (by Dadhimukha); lakShmaNaH = Lakshmana; para viirahaa = the killer of hostile heroes; mahaapraajJNaH = and a very wise man; apR^ichchhat = asked (as follows):
Lakshmana, the killer of hostile heroes and a very wise man, asked that Sugreeva, the excellent of monkeys (as follows) while Dadhimukha was thus reporting to him:
kim ayam vānaro rājan vanapaḥ pratyupasthitaḥ |
kam ca artham abhinirdiśya duhkhito vākyam abravīt || 5-63-12
12. raajam = O king!; kim = why; ayam vaanaraH = has this monkey; vanapaH = the garden-protector; pratyupasthitaH = come (here)?; abhinirdishya = pointing out; kam = what; artham = matter; duHkhitaH = has this monkey in grief; abraviit = spoken; vaakyam = some words (to you)?
"O king! Why has this monkey the garden-protector, come here?' Pointing out what matter has this monkey in grief, spoken these words to you?"
evam uktaḥ tu sugrīvo lakṣmaṇena mahātmanā |
lakṣmaṇam pratyuvāca idam vākyam vākya viśāradaḥ || 5-63-13
13. evam = thus; uktaH = spoken; mahaatmanaa lakShmaNena = by the high souled Lakshmana; sugriivaH vaakyam vishaaradaH = the eloquent Sugreeva; pratyuvaacha = replied; laKShmaNam = to Lakshmana; idam = these; vaakyam = words.
Hearing the words of the high-souled Lakshmana, the eloquent Sugreeva replied to him as follows:
ārya lakṣmaṇa samprāha vīro dadhi mukhaḥ kapiḥ |
angada pramukhaiḥ vīraiḥ bhakṣitam madhu vānaraiḥ || 5-63-14
vicitya dakṣiṇāmāśāmāgatairharipuṅgavaiḥ |
14. aarya lakShmaNa = O esteemed Lakshmana!; dadhi mukhaH = Dadhimukha; viiraH = the valiant; kapiH = monkey; sampraaha = is informing; hari puN^gavaiH = that by the foremost of monkeys; aagataiH = who returned; vichitya = having searched (for Seetha); dakShiNaam aashaam = from southern direction; aN^gada pramukhaiH viiraiH = accompanied by Angada and other heroes; madhu = honey; bhakSitam = was consumed.
"O esteemed Lakshmana! Dadhimukha, the valiant monkey is informing that the foremost of monkeys, who returned from the southern direction, after searching for Seetha as also Angada and other heroes consumed honey."
na eṣām akṛta kṛtyānām īdṛśaḥ syāt upakramaḥ || 5-63-15
āgataiśca pramathitam yathā madhuvanam hi taiḥ |
dharṣitaṃ ca vanam kṛtsnamupayuktam ca vānaraiḥ || 5-63-16
15; 16. yathaa = in which manner; taiH aagataiH = by those returned; vaanaraiH = monkeys; kR^itsnam vanam = the entire grove; pramathitam = was destroyed; dharShitam = overpowered; upayuktam = and used; (tathaa = seeing that manner); eShaam = these monkeys; na syaat = would not have indulged; iidR^ishaH upakramaH = in such an exploit; akR^ita kR^ityaanaam = had they not accomplished my purpose.
"By seeing the manner in which these returned monkeys overpowered, destroyed and behaved towards Madhuvana, we can deduce that the monkeys would not have indulged in such an exploit, had they not accomplished my purpose."
vanam yathā abhipannam taiḥ sādhitam karma vānaraiḥ |
dṛṣṭā devī na saṃdeho na ca anyena hanūmatā || 5-63-17
17. yadaa = when; te = those monkeys; abhipannaaH = have overpowered; anam = Madhuvana; (then); karma = the task; saadhitam = has been accomplished; vaanaraiH = by the monkeys; devii = Seetha; dR^iShTaa = was found; na sandehaH = there is no doubt; na = none; anyena = other; hanumataa = than Hanuma.
"When those monkeys have overpowered Madhuvana, then it means that our task has been accomplished by the monkeys. Seetha was found. There is no doubt. None other than Hanuma must have seen Seetha."
na hi anyaḥ sādhane hetuḥ karmaṇo asya hanūmataḥ |
kārya siddhiḥ hanumati matiḥ ca hari pumgava || 5-63-18
vyavasāyaḥ ca vīryam ca śrutam ca api pratiṣṭhitam |
18. na hi anyaH = there is indeed none other; hanuumataH = than Hanuma; hetuH = who is the executor; in accomplishing; asya karmaNaH = this work; tasmin vaanarapuN^gave = In that Hanuma; the foremost among the monkeys; kaarya siddhiH = accomplishment of any object; matiH cha iva = intelligence; vyavasaayaaH cha = strenuous effort; viiryam cha = vigour; shrutam cha api = and learning; pratiShThitam = are well established in his life.
"There is none other than, Hanuma who is the executor in accomplishing this work. In that Hanuma, the foremost among the monkeys, capacity to accomplish any object; intelligence; strenuous, vigour effort; and learning are well established in his life."
jāmbavān yatra netā syāt angadasya bala īśvaraḥ |
hanūmān ca api adhiṣṭhātā na tasya gatiḥ anyathā || 5-63-19
19. yatra = where; jaambavaan = Jambavan; netaa syaat = is a leader; mahaabalaH = the mighty; aN^gadashcha = Angada also (is a leader); hanumaamshcha = and Hanuma; adhiShThaataa = is an administrator; gatiH = the progress; tasya = of that work; na anyathaa = cannot be otherwise.
"Where Jambavan as well as Angada are leaders and Hanuma is an administrator, the progress of that work cannot be as otherwise."
angada pramukhaiḥ vīraiḥ hatam madhu vanam kila || 5-63-20
vāritāḥ sahitāḥ pālāḥ tathā jānubhiḥ āhatāḥ |
20. madhuvanam hatam kila = It is so reported that Madhuvana has been destroyed; viiraiH = by the heroes; aN^gada pramukhaiH = with Angada as the chief; vaarayantaH cha = the garden guards who wee preventing it; sahitaaH = together; tadaa = then; aahataaH = were beaten up; jaanubhiH = with knees.
"It is so reported that Madhuvana has been destroyed by the heroes with Angada as the chief and the garden-guards who were together preventing the damage, were beaten up with knees."
etat artham ayam prāpto vaktum madhura vāg iha || 5-63-21
nāmnā dadhi mukho nāma hariḥ prakhyāta vikramaḥ |
21. vaktum = to tell; etat artham = this matter; madhura vaak = in sweet words; hariH = the monkeys; dadhimukho naama naamnaa = renowned by Dadhimukha by name; prakhyaata vikramaH = with a celebrated prowess; praaptaH = has come; iha = here.
"To tell this matter in sweet words, the monkey renowned by Dadhimukha by name, with his celebrated prowess, has come here."
dṛṣṭā sītā mahābāho saumitre paśya tattvataḥ || 5-63-22
abhigamya yathā sarve pibanti madhu vānarāḥ |
22. mahaabaaho = O the long-armed; saumitre = Lakshmana!; siitaa = Seetha; dR^iShTaa = was found; pashya = perceive; tattvataH = the truth; pashya = see (it); tathaa = and; sarve = all; vaanaraaH = the monkeys; abhigamya = meeting together; pibanti = are drinking; madhu = honey.
"O the long-armed Lakshmana! Perceive the truth that Seetha has been seen and see that all monkeys, getting together, are drinking honey."
na ca api adṛṣṭvā vaidehīm viśrutāḥ puruṣa ṛṣabha || 5-63-23
vanam dātta varam divyam dharṣayeyuḥ vana okasaḥ |
23. puruSha R^iShabha = O Lakshmana; the foremost among men!; vishrutaaH = (if) the renowned; vana okasaH = monkeys; adR^iShTvaa = have not seen; vaidehiim = Seetha; na dharShayeyuH = (they) would not have abused; vanam = the grove; datta varam = which was granted as a boon; divyam = and is charming.
"O Lakshmana, the foremost among men! If the renowned monkeys have not seen Seetha, they would not have abused the charming grove; which was granted as a boon."
tataḥ prahṛṣṭo dharma ātmā lakṣmaṇaḥ saha rāghavaḥ || 5-63-24
śrutvā karṇa sukhām vāṇīm sugrīva vadanāc cyutām |
prāhṛṣyata bhṛśam rāmo lakṣmaṇaḥ ca mahāyaśāḥ || 5-63-25
24; 25. tataH = then; dharma aatmaa = the righteous; lakShmaNaH = Lakshmana; saha raaghavaH = together with Rama; prahR^iShTaH = felt delighted; shrutvaa = hearing; vaaNiim = the words; chyutaam = coming; sugriiva vadanaat = from the mouth of Sugreeva; karNa sukhaam = pleasant for the ears; raamaH = Rama; praahR^iShyata = was rejoiced; mahaabalaH = the mighty lakSmaNashcha = Lakshmana too; bhR^isham = was very much; praahR^iShyate = rejoiced.
Then, the righteous Lakshmana, together with Rama, felt delighted. Hearing the words coming from the mouth of Sugreeva, which were pleasant for the ears, Rama was rejoiced. The mighty Lakshmana too was very much rejoiced.
śrutvā dadhi mukhasya idam sugrīvaḥ tu prahṛṣya ca |
vana pālam punaḥ vākyam sugrīvaḥ pratyabhāṣata || 5-63-26
26. shrutvaa = hearing; idam = these words; dadhimukhasya = of Dadhimukha; sugriivaH = Sugreeva with a charming neck; samprahR^iShya = was very much pleased; punaH = and further; pratyabhaaShataH = spoke; vaakyam = the following words; vana paalam = to the guardian of the grove.
Hearing those words of Dadhimukha, Sugreeva with a charming neck, was very much pleased and further spoke to Dadhimukha, the guardian of the grove (as follows):
prīto asmi saumya yat bhuktam vanam taiḥ kṛta karmabhiḥ |
marṣitam marṣaṇīyam ca ceṣṭitam kṛta karmaṇām || 5-63-27
27. saH aham = I; priitaH asmi = am pleased; yat = that; vanam = Madhuvana; bhuktam = has been enjoyed; taiH = by those monkeys; kR^ita karmabhiH = who have accomplished their act; cheShTitam = the act (damage to the grove); kR^ita karmaNaam = done by those monkeys who have accomplished their purpose; marShaNiiyam = is fit to be forgiven; marShitam = and it is pardoned.
"I am happy that Madhuvana has been enjoyed by those monkeys, who have accomplished their act. Since the act (damage to the grove) done by those monkeys, who have accomplished their purpose is fit to be forgiven, I pardon them.
icchāmi śīghram hanumat pradhānān |
śākhā mṛgān tān mṛga rāja darpān |
draṣṭum kṛta arthān saha rāghavābhyām |
śrotum ca sītā adhigame prayatnam || 5-63-28
28. raaghavaabhyaam saha = I; along with Rama and Lakshmana; shiighram = soon; ichchhami = desire; draShTum = to see; taan = those; shaakhaa mR^igaan = monkeys; hanumat pradhaanaan = with Hanuma as their chief; mR^iga raaja darpaan = having the pride of a lion; kR^ita arthaan = and who attained their object; shrotum cha = and to hear; prayatnam = about their effort; siitaa adhigame = in finding out Seetha.
"I, together with Rama and Lakshmana, soon desire to see those monkeys, with Hanuma as their chief, who having acquired the pride of a lion and who attained his purpose; and also to hear about their effort in finding out Seetha."
prītisphītākṣau samprahṛṣṭau kumārau |
dṛṣṭvā siddhārthau vānarāṇām ca rājā |
aṅgaiḥ samhṛṣṭaiḥ karmasiddhim viditvā |
bāhvoorāsannām so.atimātram nananda || 5-63-29
29. dR^iShTvaa = seeing; kumaarau = these princes; priitisphiitaakShau = with their delighted expansive eyes; samprahR^iShTau = who are thrilled with joy; siddhaarthau = and who accomplished their aim; saH = that; vaanaraaNaam raajaa = king of the monkeys; atimaatram nananda = was very much pleased; viditvaa = knowing; karmasiddhim = that accomplishment of their work; aasannaam = is coming close; baahvoH = to their hands; aN^gaiH = and with his limbs; samhR^iShTaiH = thrilled with joy.
Seeing Rama and Lakshmana with their eyes filled with ecstatic delight, the princes, who were thrilled with joy and who accomplished their aim, Sugreeva that king of the monkeys was very much delighted, knowing that accomplishment of their work is coming close to their hands and his limbs were thrilled with joy.
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye sundarakāṇḍe triṣaṣṭitamaḥ sargaḥ
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© December, 2006, K. M. K. Murthy