Hanuma sees well-adorned Ravana, who is seated on a well-decorated throne of crystal. He is surrounded by four ministers viz., Durdhara, Prahasta, Mahaparshva and Nikumbha. Surprised to behold the splendor and glory of Ravana, Hanuma believes that he could even rule heaven along with Indra, but for his gross unrighteousness, which pulled him down.
tataḥ sa karmaṇā tasya vismito bhīma vikramaḥ |
hanumān roṣa tāmra akṣo rakṣo adhipam avaikṣata || 5-49-1
1. tataH = then; saH hanuman = that Hanuma; bhiima vikramaH = with a terrific prowess; krodha taamraakSaH = was enraged and with his red-hot eyes; avaikSata = saw; rakSodhipam = that Ravana; vismitaH = was surprised; tena tasya = by that Indrait's; karmaNaa = deed.
Then, Hanuma with a terrific prowess, was enraged (at his capture and his being dragged) and saw Ravana with his red hot eyes. He was surprised by that deed of Indrajit.
bhrājamānam mahāarheṇa kāncanena virājatā |
muktā jāla āvṛtena atha mukuṭena mahādyutim || 5-49-2
2. (Ravana) mahaadyutim = was endowed with a great splendor; bhraajamaanam = and shone; viraajataa = with a glittering; mahaarheNa = and precious; makuTena = diadem; kaaN^chanena = of gold; atha = and; muktaa jaalaavR^itena = encircled with strings of pearls.
Ravana was endowed with a great splendor and shone with a glittering and precious diadem of gold as also encircled with strings of pearls.
vajra samyoga samyuktaiḥ mahāarha maṇi vigrahaiḥ |
haimaiḥ ābharaṇaiḥ citraiḥ manasā iva prakalpitaiḥ || 5-49-3
3. (That Ravana was adorned) chitraiH haimaiH aabharaNaiH = with bright-coloured gold ornaments; vajra samyoga yuktaiH = inlaid with diamonds; mahaarha maNi vigrahaiH = and decorated with worthy gems; prakalpitairiva = which appeared as though prepared with the mind.
That Ravana was adorned with bright-coloured gold ornaments, inlaid with diamonds and decorated with worthy gems, which appeared as though they were prepared with the mind.
mahāarha kṣauma samvītam rakta candana rūṣitam |
svanuliptam vicitrābhiḥ vividhabhiḥ ca bhaktibhiḥ || 5-49-4
4. (Ravana) mahaarha Khaumasamviitam = was attired in very costly silk; raktachandananruuSitam = and smeared with red sandal-paste; svanuliptam = and well-painted; vividhaabhishcha = with various; vichitraabhiH = brightly coloured; bhaktibhiH = designs.
Ravana was attired in very costly silk and his body was smeared with red-sandal paste and well painted with various brightly coloured designs.
vipulaiḥ darśanīyaiḥ ca rakṣa akṣaiḥ bhīma darśanaiḥ |
dīpta tīkṣṇa mahādamṣṭraiḥ pralamba daśanac cadaiḥ || 5-49-5
śirobhiḥ daśabhiḥ vīram bhrājamānam mahāojasam |
nānā vyāla samākīrṇaiḥ śikharaiḥ iva mandaram || 5-49-6
5; 6. (Ravana looked) vichitram = strange; dashabhiH shirobhiH = with his ten heads; bhiimadarshanaiH = with terrible looking; darshaniiyaiH = yet good-looking; raktaakSaiH = red eyes; diipta tiikSNa mahaadamSTraiH = with brilliant sharp enormous teeth; pralamba dashanahchhadaiH = and protruding lips; viiram = a daring demon; mahaujasam = endowed with extraordinary vigour; bhraajamaanam = shining brightly; mandaram iva = as Mount Mandra; shikharaiH = with its peaks; naanaa vyaaLasamaakiirNaiH = and infested with snakes of different varieties.
Ravana looked strange with his ten heads, having terrible-looking yet good-looking pair of red eyes each, with brilliant sharp enormous teeth and protruding lips, like a daring demon endowed with extra ordinary vigour, shining brightly as Mount Mandara with its peaks and infested with snakes of different varieties.
nīla añjana caya prakhyam hāreṇa urasi rājatā |
pūrṇa candra ābha vaktreṇa sabalākam iva ambudam || 5-49-7
7. (Ravana) raajataa = was shining; haareNa = with a pearl necklace; urasi = on his bosom; niilaaN^anachayaprakhyam = looking like a mass of blue antimony; puurNachandraabhavaktrNa = but with his countenance shining like the full moon; ambudamiva = and appearing like a cloud; sabaalaarkam = illumined by the rising sun.
Ravana was having a pearl necklace casting its splendor on his bosom. He was looking like a mass of blue antimony, but with his countenance shining like the full moon and appearing like a cloud illumined by the rising sun.
bāhubhiḥ baddha keyūraiḥ candana uttama rūṣitaiḥ |
bhrājamāna angadaiḥ pīnaiḥ panca śīrṣaiḥ iva uragaiḥ || 5-49-8
8. baahubhiH = Ravana was distinguished by (twenty) arms; baddha keyuuraiH = adorned with bracelets; chandanottama ruuSitaiH = smeared with excellent sandal-paste; bhraajamaana aN^gadaiH = and decked with shining Angadas another type of bracelets; piinaiH paNchashiirSaiH uragairiva = and looking like large five-hooded serpents
Ravana was distinguished by (twenty) arms, adorned with bracelets, smeared with excellent sandal-paste and decked with shining Angadas another variety of bracelets and looking like large five-hooded serpents.
mahati sphāṭike citre ratna samyoga saṃskṛte |
uttama āstaraṇa āstīrṇe upaviṣṭam vara āsane || 5-49-9
9. suupaviSTam = (Ravana) was comfortably seated; mahati = on a big; varaasane = excellent throne; sphaaTike = of crystal; chitre = rendered picturesque; ratna samyoga samskR^ite = by being embedded with jewels; uttmaaastaraNa astiirNe = and overspread with an exquisite covering.
He was comfortably seated on a big excellent throne of crystal, rendered picturesque by being embedded with jewels and overspread with an exquisite covering.
alamkṛtābhiḥ atyartham pramadābhiḥ samantataḥ |
vāla vyajana hastābhiḥ ārāt samupasevitam || 5-49-10
10. samupasevitam = He was duly waited upon; aaraat = at close quarters; samantataH = on all sides; pramadaabhiH = by young ladies; atyartham alankR^itaabhiH = well adorned; vaalavajanahastaabhiH = with whisks in their hands.
He was duly waited upon at close quarters on all sides by young ladies, well-adorned and with whisks in their hands.
durdhareṇa prahastena mahāpārśvena rakṣasā |
mantribhiḥ mantra tattvajñaiḥ nikumbhena ca mantriṇā || 5-49-11
upa upaviṣṭam rakṣobhiḥ caturbhiḥ bala darpitaiḥ |
kṛtsnaiḥ parivṛtam lokam caturbhiḥ iva sāgaraiḥ || 5-49-12
11; 12. Balagarvitam = He was proud of his might; chaturbhiH rakSobhiH = and had four counselors; upopaviSTam = sitting nearby; rakSobhiH = all belonging to the demoniacal race; mantratattvajJNaiH = who knew the secret of good counsel; durdhareNa = namely Durdhara; prahastena = Prahasta; mahaaparshvena = Mahaparshva; rakSasaa = the demons; maNtriNaa = and the counselor; nikumbhena = Nikumbha; kR^itsnam loka iva = and looked like the entire terrestrial globe; parivR^itam = enclosed; chaturbhiH saagaraiH = by four oceans.
He was proud of his might and had four counselors sitting nearby, all belonging to the demonical race and who knew the secret of good counsel, viz. Durdhara, Prahasta, Mahaparshva the demon and the counselor Nikumbha and looked like the entire terrestrial globe enclosed by four oceans.
mantribhiḥ mantra tattvajñaiḥ anyaiḥ ca śubha buddhibhiḥ |
aśvāsyamānam sacivaiḥ suraiḥ iva sura īśvaram || 5-49-13
13. aashvaasyamaanam = He was being reassured; mantribhiH = by counselors; mantratattvajJNaiH = knowing the secret of good counsel; anyaiH = and other; rakSobhiH = demons; shubhabuddhibhiH = with; rakSobhiH = demons; shubhabuddhibhiH = with auspicious minds; sureshvanam iva = as Indra the lord of celestials; ( is reassured) sraiH = by celestials.
He was being reassured by counselors knowing the secret of good counsel and other demons with auspicious minds, as Indra the lord of celestials is reassured by celestials.
apaśyat rākṣasa patim hanūmān atitejasam |
viṣṭhitam meru śikhare satoyam iva toyadam || 5-49-14
14. hanuman = Hanuma; apashyat = saw; raakSasapatim = Ravana; ati tejasam = with a great splendor; viSThitam = being present (on the throne) satoyam toyadam iva = like a rainy cloud; merushikaare = on the peak of Mount Meru.
Hanuma saw Ravana with a great splendor, sitting on the throne, looking like a rainy cloud on the peak of Mount Meru.
sa taiḥ sampīḍyamāno api rakṣobhiḥ bhīma vikramaiḥ |
vismayam paramam gatvā rakṣo adhipam avaikṣata || 5-49-15
15. sampiiDyamaano.api = though tortured; rakSobhiH = by the demons; saH = that Hanuman; bhiimavikramaiH = of terrific prowess; gatvaa = undergoing terrific prowess; gatvaa = undergoing; paramam = a great; vismayam = surprise; avaikSata = looked attentively; rakSodhipam = at Ravana.
Though tortured by the demons that Hanuma, of terrific prowess, experiencing a great surprise, looked attentively at Ravana.
bhrājamānam tato dṛṣṭvā hanumān rākṣasa īśvaram |
manasā cintayāmāsa tejasā tasya mohitaḥ || 5-49-16
16. tataH = thereupon; dR^iSTvaa = seeing; bhraajamaanam = the glittering; raakSaseshvaram = king of demons; hanuman = Hanuma; mohitaH = was bewildered; tasya = by his; tejasaa = splendor; chintayaamaasa = thought; manasaa = in his mind (as follows):
Seeing the glittering Ravana, the king of demons, Hanuma was bewildered by his splendor and thought in his mind as follows:
aho rūpam aho dhairyam aho sattvam aho dyutiḥ |
aho rākṣasa rājasya sarva lakṣaṇa yuktatā || 5-49-17
17. aho ruupam = what figure; aho dhairyam = what courage; aho sattvam = what strength; aho dyutiH = what splendor; aho sarvalakSaNa yuktaa = and what bestowal of all auspicious marks; aho raakSasaraajasya = alas; this king of demons has.
"What figure, what courage, what strength, what splendor and what amalgam of auspicious marks, alas, this king of demons has!"
yadi adharmo na balavān syāt ayam rākṣasa īśvaraḥ |
syāt ayam sura lokasya saśakrasya api rakṣitā || 5-49-18
18. yadi ayam raakSaseshvaraH = (had) this lord of demons; na syaad = not perhaps; balavaan = strong; adharmaH = in unrighteousness; syaat = he would have been; raksitaa = a protector; suralokasyaapi = of even the world of celestials; sashakrasya = including Indra the Lord of celestials.
"Had this lord of demons perhaps not strong in unrighteousness, he would have been a protector of even the world of celestials together with Indra the lord of celestials."
asya krūrairnṛśam saiśca karmabhirlokakutsitaiḥ |
sarve bibhyati khalvasmāllokāḥ sāmaradānavāḥ || 5-49-19
ayam hyutsahte kruddhaḥ kartumekārṇavam jagat |
19. asya karmabhiH = by his acts; kruuraH = cruel; nR^ishamsaishcha = and violent; lokakutsitaiH = despised by the world; sarve lokaaH = all people; samara daanavaaH = including gods and demons; bibhyati hi = indeed remain frighteed; asmaat = of him; ayam = he; kruddhaH = if enraged; utsahate hi = is indeed capable; kartum = to turn; jagat = the world; ekaarNavan = into a single ocean.
"By his cruel and violent acts despised by the world, all people including gods and demons indeed remain frightened of him. If enraged he is indeed capable to turn the entire world into a single ocean."
iti cintām bahu vidhām akaron matimān kapiḥ |
dṛṣṭvā rākṣasa rājasya prabhāvam amita ojasaḥ || 5-49-20
20. dR^iSTvaa = seeing; prabhaavam = the power; raakSasaraajasya = of Ravana the king of demons; amitonjasaH = who had an unlimited vigour; matimaan = the intelligent; hariH = Hanuma; akarot = formed; bahuvidhaam = many kinds; chintaam = of thought; iti = in this way.
Seeing the power of Ravana the king of demons, who possessed an unlimited vigour, the intelligent Hanuma formulated many kinds of thoughts in this way.
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye sundarakāṇḍe ekonapañcāśaḥ sargaḥ
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© November, 2005, K. M. K. Murthy
ravana and verse
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