Ravana sends Virupaksha, Yupaksha, Durdhara, Praghasa and Bhasakarna the five foremost
army-generals so as to capture Hanuma. Ravana explains his guess, saying to those five generals that
Hanuma may not be an ordinary monkey, but an evil spirit created by Indra the Lord of celestials and
asks them to exert a great effort to capture him. Hanuma first kills Durdhara who initially attacks
him. He then kills Virupaksha and Yupaksha, by attacking them with a sala tree. Hanuma later kills Praghasa
and Bhasakarna, by hurling the top of a mountain on them. After destroying the remaining army together
with horses elephants and chariots, he again in returns to the archy door way of the Ashoka groove.
hatān mantri sutān buddhvā vānareṇa mahātmanā |
rāvaṇaḥ samvṛta ākāraḥ cakāra matim uttamām || 5-46-1
1. buddhvaa = coming to know; mantrisutaan = that the sons of his chief minister; hataan = were killed; mahaatmanaa = vaanareNa = by the high-souled Hanuma; raavaNaH = Ravana; samvR^itaakaaraH = who had cleverly concealed to expression of his face; chakaara = made; uttamaam = an excellent; matim = thought.
Coming to know that the chief minister's sons were killed by the high souled who had cleverly concealed the expression made an excellent thought.
sa virūpa akṣa yūpa akṣau durdharam caiva rākṣasam |
praghasam bhāsa karṇam ca panca senā agra nāyakān || 5-46-2
saṃdideśa daśagrīvo vīrān naya viśāradān |
hanūmat grahaṇe vyagrān vāyu vega samān yudhi || 5-46-3
2; 3. sah dashagriivaH = that Ravana; samdidesha = ordered; paN^cha = five; senaagra naayakaan = foremost leaders of the army; virunpaakSayuupaakSau = viz. Virupaksha; Yuupaksha; raakSasam chaiva = and even the demon; durdharam = Durdhara; praghasam = Praghasa; bhaasakarNam cha = and Bhasakarna; viiraan = (all of them) brave demons; nayavishaaradaan = skilled in strategy; hanumadgrahaNavyagraan = who were eager to capture Hanuma; vaayuvegasamaan = and equal to the speed of the wind; yudhi = in battle.
That Ravana ordered (as follows) five foremost leaders of the army viz. Virupaksha, Yupaksha, Durdhara the demon, Praghasa and Bhasakarna, all of them brave demons, skilled in strategy, eager to capture Hanuma and equal to the speed of wind in battle.
yāta senā agragāḥ sarve mahābala parigrahāḥ |
savāji ratha mātangāḥ sa kapiḥ śāsyatām iti || 5-46-4
4. iti = he ordered as follows; yaata = March; sarve = all of you; senaagragaaH = O generals; mahaabala parigrahaaH = taking a large army; savaajiratha maataNgaaH = together with horses; chariots and elephants; saH kapiH = and (let) that monkey; shaasyataam = be punished.
He ordered as follows: "March, all of you O generals, taking a large army together that mokey be punished."
yat taiḥ ca khalu bhāvyam syāt tam āsādya vana ālayam |
karma ca api samādheyam deśa kāla virodhitam || 5-46-5
5. aasaadya = approaching; tam = that; vanaalayam = monkey; syaat = perhaps bhaavyam = you ought to become; khalu = indeed; yatnaiH cha = diligent; karmachaapi = samaadheyam = action should be taken by you; desha kaala virodhitam = which is not out of accord with time and space.
"Approaching that monkey, you ought to become diligent. Action should be taken by you which is not out of accord with time and space."
na hi aham tam kapim manye karmaṇā pratitarkayan |
sarvathā tan mahat bhūtam mahābala parigraham || 5-46-6
6. pratitarkayan = judging (him) karmaNaa = by his actions; aham = I; na manye = do not think; tam = him; kapim = as a monkey; sarvathaa = by all means; tat = it; mahat = is a great; bhuutam = evil spirit; mahaabala parigraham = putting on an extra ordinary might.
"Judging him by his actions, I do not think him as a mere monkey. By all means, he may be an evil spirit, putting on an extraordinary might."
bhavet indreṇa vā sṛṣṭam asmat artham tapo balāt |
sanāga yakṣa gandharvā deva asura maharṣayaḥ || 5-46-7
yuṣmābhiḥ sahitaiḥ sarvaiḥ mayā saha vinirjitāḥ |
taiḥ avaśyam vidhātavyam vyalīkam kiṃcit eva naḥ || 5-46-8
tat eva na atra saṃdehaḥ prasahya parigṛhyatām |
na avamanyo bhavadbhiḥ ca hariḥ krūra parākramaḥ || 5-46-9
7; 8; 9. bhavet = (this evil spirit) may be; sR^iSTamvaa = (some being) evolved; asmadartham = for our sake; indreNa = by Indra; tapobalaat = with a strength of his askesis; devaasura maharSayaH = Celestials; demons; sages; sanaagayakSagandharvaaH = along with Nagas; yakshas and Gandharvas; vimirjitaaH = were conquered; mayaa = by me; sarvaiH yuSmaabhiH saha sahitaiH = along with you all together; kimchideva = even some; vyaLiikam = offensive; avashyam = surely; vidhaatavyam = is to be effected; naH = to us; evil spirit; na samdehaH = there is no doubt; atra = about it; pargR^ihyataam = let hariH = this monkey; dhiira paraakramaH = of a great prowess; naavamaanyaH = should not be despised; bhavadbhiH = by you.
"This evil spirit may be some being evolved for our sake by Indra the Lord of celestials with a strength of his askesis. Celestials, demons, sages along with Nagas the serpent-demons, Yakshas the spirits and Gandharvas the celestials musicians were conquered by my along with you all together. Even same offensive surely, will be effected to us by them. It is such an evil spirit created by Indra. There is no doubt about it. Let it be captured forcibly. This monkey of a great prowess should not be despised by you."
dṛṣṭā hi harayaḥ śīghrā mayā vipula vikramāḥ |
vālī ca saha sugrīvo jāmbavān ca mahābalaḥ || 5-46-10
nīlaḥ senā patiḥ caiva ye ca anye dvivida ādayaḥ |
na eva teṣām gatiḥ bhīmā na tejo na parākramaḥ || 5-46-11
na matiḥ na bala utsāho na rūpa parikalpanam |
10; 11. puurva = earlier; dR^iSTaaH hi = were indeed seen; mayaa = by me; harayaH = the monkeys; vipula vikramaaH = of a great prowess; vaaliicha = like Vali; sa sugriivaH = along with Sugreeva; mahaabalaH = the mighty; jaambavaamshcha = Jambavan; niilaH = Nila; senaapatiH = the Chief of army; ye anyecha = and others; dvividaadayaH = and so on like Dvivida; teSaam = their; gati = scheme of performance; na bhiimaa = is not so fearful; evam = as this; na tejaH = nor their efficacy; na paraakramaH = nor their prowess; na buddhiH = nor their intellect; na = nor; balotsaahau ruupa parikalpanam = the capacity to change their form or energy (at will).
"Earlier, I saw the monkeys of a great prowess like Vali and Sugreeva, the mighty Jambavan, Nila the Chief of army and so on like Dvivida. their scheme of performance is not so fearful as this; nor their efficacy, nor their prowess, nor their intellect, nor this capacity to change their form or energy at will."
mahat sattvam idam jñeyam kapi rūpam vyavasthitam || 5-46-12
prayatnam mahat āsthāya kriyatām asya nigrahaḥ |
12. idam JNeyam = this is to be known; mahat sattvam = as a great spirit; vyarasthitam = standing; kapiruupam = the firm of a monkey; aasthaaya = employing; mahat = a great; prayatnam = effort; aya nigrahaH = let its capture; kriyataam = be made.
"Keeping in view that it is a great evil spirit standing in the form of a monkey, exert a great effort and capture it."
kāmam lokāḥ trayaḥ sa indrāḥ sasura asura mānavāḥ || 5-46-13
bhavatām agrataḥ sthātum na paryāptā raṇa ajire |
13. sthaatum = to stand; agrataH = in front; bhavataam = of you; raNaajite = in the battle-field; trayaH = the three; lokaaH = worlds; sendraaH = including Indra; sa suraasuramaanavaaH = together with celestials; demons and human beings; na paryaaptaaH kaamam = their desires are not accomplished.
"The three worlds including Indra, celestials, demons and humans are not fit to stand before you in the battle-field."
tathā api tu nayajñena jayam ākānkṣatā raṇe || 5-46-14
ātmā rakṣyaḥ prayatnena yuddha siddhiḥ hi cancalā |
14. tathaapi = even then; nayajJNena = by the one who is skilled in strategy; aakaaN^kSataa = desirous of; jayam = a victory; raNe = in battle; rakSyaH = one is to protect; aatmaa = himself; prayatnena = with effort; yuddhasiddhiH = victory in a battle; chaN^chalaahi = is indeed unreliable.
"Even then, the one who is skilled in strategy, desirous of a victory in a battle is to protect himself. Victory in a battle is indeed unreliable."
te svāmi vacanam sarve pratigṛhya mahāojasaḥ || 5-46-15
samutpetuḥ mahāvegā huta aśa sama tejasaḥ |
rathaiḥ ca mattaiḥ nāgaiḥ ca vājibhiḥ ca mahājavaiḥ || 5-46-16
śastraiḥ ca vividhaiḥ tīkṣṇaiḥ sarvaiḥ ca upacitā balaiḥ |
15; 16. te sarve = all of them; mahenjasaH = having a great strength; hutaasha samatejasaH = and a blaze equal to that of fire; pratigR^ihya = accepting; svaami vachanam = the orders of their king; upachitaaH = and (their strength) augmented; rathaiH = by chariots; mattaiH maatangaiH = by elephants in rut; vaajibhishcha mahaajavaiH = by horses of extraordinary swiftness; tiikSNaiH vividhaiH shastraiH = and by various kinds of sharp weapons; samutpetuH = sallied forth; mahaavegaaH = with a great speed.
All of them, having a great strength and a blaze equal to that of fire, accepting the orders of their king and augmenting their strength with chariots, elephants in rut, horses of extra ordinary swiftness and various kinds of sharp weapons, sallied forth with a great speed.
tataḥ tam dadṛśuḥ vīrā dīpyamānam mahākapim || 5-46-17
raśmimantam iva udyantam sva tejo raśmi mālinam |
toraṇastham mahāvegam mahāsattvam mahābalam || 5-46-18
17; 18. tataH = thereafter; viiraaH = those valiant demons; dadR^ishuH = saw; tam mahaakapim = that Hanuma the great monkey; svatejorashmi maalinam = encircled by his rays of splendour; udantam rashmimantamiva = like a rising sun; diipyamaanam = shining; toraNastham = standing on the archy doorway; mahotsaaham = possessing a great energy; mahaasattvam = a strong mental disposition; mahaabalam = and an enormous strength.
Thereafter, those valiant demons saw that Hanuma the great monkey, encircled by his rays of splendour like a rising sun, shining, standing on the archy door-way, possessing enormous energy, strong mental disposition and colossal strength.
mahāmatim mahāutsāham mahākāyam mahābalam |
tam samīkṣya eva te sarve dikṣu sarvāsv avasthitāḥ || 5-46-19
taiḥ taiḥ praharaṇaiḥ bhīmaiḥ abhipetuḥ tataḥ tataḥ |
19. samiikSaiva = Immediately on seeing; tam = that Hanuma; mahaamatim = of great intellect; mahaavegam = of great swiftness; mahaakaayam = and of a gigantic body; sarve = all those demons; stationed; sarvaasn dikSu = in all quarters; abhipetuH = attacked; tatstataH = from that and that place; taiH taiH = with their respective; bhiimaiH = terrific; praharaNaiH = weapons.
Immediately on seeing that Hanuma of great intellect, of great swiftness and of a gigantic body, all those demons, stationed in all quarters, attacked him with their terrific weapons from every side.
tasya panca āyasāḥ tīkṣṇāḥ sitāḥ pīta mukhāḥ śarāḥ || 5-46-20
śirasti utpala patra ābhā durdhareṇa nipātitāḥ |
20. paN^cha = five; aayasaaH = steel; shraaH = arrows; tiikSNaaH = fierce; shitaaH = sharp; piitamukhaaH = with yellow tops; utpala patraabhaaH = and with a lustre of black lily-petals; nipaatitaaH = were made to descend; shiras = into the head; tasya = of Hanuma; durdhareNa = by Durdhara.
Durdhara discharged five sharp and fierce steel arrows with a lustre of black lily-petals and yellow tops to descend into Hanuma's head.
sa taiḥ pancabhiḥ āviddhaḥ śaraiḥ śirasi vānaraḥ || 5-46-21
utpapāta nadan vyomni diśo daśa vinādayan |
21. aaviddhaH = pierced; shirasi = in the head; taiH = by those; paN^chabhiH = five; sharaiH = arrows; vaanaraH = Hanuma; nadan = making a sound; vinaadayan = reverberating; dashadishaH = in all directions; utpapaata = leapt; vyomni = into the sky.
Pierced in the head by those fire arrows, Hanuma leapt roaring in the sky, making the roar reverberating in all directions.
tataḥ tu durdharo vīraḥ sarathaḥ sajja kārmukaḥ || 5-46-22
kiran śara śataiḥ naikaiḥ abhipede mahābalaḥ |
22. tataH = then; mahaabalaH = the mighty; viiraH = and the valiant; durdharaH = Durdhara; sarathaH = with his chariot; sajyakaarmukaH = stretching his bow; kiran = throwing; tiikSNaiH sharashataiH = hundreds of sharp arrows; abhipede = attacked Hanuma.
Then the mighty and the valiant Durdhara leapt into the sky with his chariot. Stretching his bow and throwing hundreds of sharp arrows, he attacked Hanuma.
sa kapiḥ vārayāmāsa tam vyomni śara varṣiṇam || 5-46-23
vṛṣṭimantam payodānte payodam iva mārutaḥ |
23. sah kapiH = that Hanuma; tam vaarayaamaasa = warded him off; sharavarSiNam = from showering the arrows on him; vyomni = in the sky; maarutaH iva = as the wind (warding off); vR^iSTimantam payodam = a rainy cloud; payodaante = at the end of a monsoon.
Hanuma warded him off from showering the arrows on him in the sky, as the wind wards off a rainy cloud from raining at the end of a monsoon.
ardyamānaḥ tataḥ tena durdhareṇa anila ātmajaḥ || 5-46-24
cakāra ninadam bhūyo vyavardhata ca vegavān |
24. ardhyamaanaH = thus afflicted; tena = by that; durdhareNa = Durdhara; anilaatmajaH = Hanuma; tataH = then; chakaara = emitted; ninadam = a roar; bhuuyaH = again; vegavaan = and swiftly; vyavardhataH = expanded his body.
Thus afflicted by that Durdhara, Hanuma then emitted a roar once again and swiftly expanded his body.
sa dūram sahasā utpatya durdharasya rathe hariḥ || 5-46-25
nipapāta mahāvego vidyut rāśiḥ girāv iva |
25. vidyudraashiriva = like a mass of lightning; girau = on a mountain; saH hariH = that Hanuma; sahasaa = instantaneously; nipapaata = fell; rathe = on the chariot; durdharasya = of Durdhara; utpatya = by jumpin up; duuram = from far above; mahaavegaH = with great speed.
Like a mass of lightning on a mountain, Hanuma instantaneously fell on Durdhara's chariot, by jumping up from far above with great speed.
tataḥ tam mathita aṣṭa aśvam ratham bhagna akṣa kūvaram || 5-46-26
vihāya nyapatat bhūmau durdharaḥ tyakta jīvitaḥ |
26. vihaaya = losing; ratham = his chariot; bhagnaakSakuubaram = whose axle and pole had been broken; mathitaaSTaashvam = and all his eight horses destroyed; saH durdharaH = that Durdhara; tataH = then; nyapatat = dropped down; tyakta jiivitaH = losing his life; bhuumau = to the ground.
Losing his chariot whose axle and pole had been broken and all his eight horses destroyed, Durdhara then dropped down, losing his life, to the ground.
tam virūpa akṣa yūpa akṣau dṛṣṭvā nipatitam bhuvi || 5-46-27
samjāta roṣau durdharṣāv utpetatuḥ arim damau |
27. samjaata roSau = engrossed in anger; dR^iSTvaa = fallen; bhuvi = on the ground; viruupaakSa yuupaakSau = Virupaksha and Yupaksha; durdharSau = inviolable; arimdamau = and annihilators of enemies; utpetatuH = jumped up into the air.
Engrossed in anger to see his fallen on the ground, the inviolable virupaksha and Yupaksha, the annihilators of enemies, jumped up into the air.
sa tābhyām sahasā utpatya viṣṭhito vimale ambare || 5-46-28
mudgarābhyām mahābāhuḥ vakṣasi abhihataḥ kapiḥ |
28. saH mahaabahuH = kapiH = that long-armed monkey; viSThitaH = standing; vimaleambare = in clear sky; abhihataH = was struck; vakSasi = in the chest; mudgaraabhyaam = with clubs; sahasa = all of a sudden; taabhyaam = by them; utpatya = jumping up the air.
Jumping up in the air all of a sudden those two demons struck in the chest with their clubs that long-armed Hanuma standing in clear sky.
tayoḥ vegavatoḥ vegam vinihatya mahābalaḥ || 5-46-29
nipapāta punaḥ bhūmau suparṇa sama vikramaḥ |
29. vinihatya = striking down; vegam = the swiftness; tayoH = of those demons; mahaabalaH = the mighty; suvarNa samavikramaH = Hanuma; having prowess equal to that of Garuda the eagle; punaH = again; nipapaata = descended; bhuumau = on to the ground.
Striking down the swiftness of those violent demons, the mighty Hanuma whose prowess is equal to that of Garuda the eagle, again descended on to the ground.
sa sāla vṛkṣam āsādya samutpāṭya ca vānaraḥ || 5-46-30
tāv ubhau rākṣasau vīrau jaghāna pavana ātmajaḥ |
30. aasaadya = approaching; saala vR^ikSam = a sala tree; tam utpaaTya cha = and uprooting it; saH pavanaatmajaH = that Hanuma; vaanaraH = the monkey; jaghaana = killed; tau = those; ubhau = two; viirau = valiant; raakSasau = demons.
Approaching a sala tree and uprooting it, that Hanuma the monkey killed those two valiant demons.
tataḥ tān trīn hatān jñātvā vānareṇa tarasvinā || 5-46-31
abhipede mahāvegaḥ prasahya praghaso harim |
bhāsa karṇaḥ ca samkruddhaḥ śūlam ādāya vīryavān || 5-46-32
31; 32. tataH = then; jJNaatvaa = getting to know; taam tarsvinaa = that the mighty; triin = three; hataan = have been killed; vaanareNa = by Hanuma praghasaH = praghasa; mahaavegaH = with a great alacrity; prasahya = forcefully; abhipede = attacked (Hanuma); viiryavaan = the valiant; bhaasakarNashcha = Bhasakarna too; samkruddhaH = enraged; aadaaya = taking; shuulam = a spear in his hand (attacked).
Getting to know all those mighty three killed by Hanuma, Praghasa with a great alacrity, forcefully attacked Hanuma. The valiant Bhasakarna, highly enraged, attacked taking a spear in his hand.
ekataḥ kapi śārdūlam yaśasvinam avasthitau |
paṭṭiśena śita agreṇa praghasaḥ pratyapothayat || 5-46-33
bhāsa karṇaḥ ca śūlena rākṣasaḥ kapi sattamam |
33. (The two generals) avasthitau = stood; ekataH = by the side; yashasvinam kapishaarduulam = of the illustrious Hanuma; praghasaH = Praghasa; pratya yodhayat = pierced; kapisattamam = Hanuma; shitaagreNa = with a sharp pointed; paTTisena = spear; bhaasakarNaH = and Bhasakarna; raakSasaH = the demon; (attacked); shuulena = with a dart.
The two generals stood by the side of the illustrious Hanuma. Praghasa pierced Hanuma with a sharp-pointed spear and Bhasakarna attacked him with a dart.
sa tābhyām vikṣataiḥ gātraiḥ asṛg digdha tanū ruhaḥ || 5-46-34
abhavat vānaraḥ kruddho bāla sūrya sama prabhaḥ |
34. gaatraiH = with his limbs; vikSataiH = wounded; taabhyaam = by those two demons; saH vaanaraH = that Hanuman; asR^igdigdhatanuuruhaH = with his body-hair anointed by blood; abhavat = became; kruddhaH = enraged; baala suurya samaprabhaH = having his blaze similar to that of rising sun.
With his limbs wounded by those two demons, that Hanuma with his body-hair anointed by blood, became enraged, with his blaze similar to that of a rising sun.
samutpāṭya gireḥ śṛngam samṛga vyāla pādapam || 5-46-35
jaghāna hanumān vīro rākṣasau kapi kunjaraḥ |
35. samutpaaTya = Having plucked up; gireH shR^iN^gam = the top of a mountain; samR^igavyaaLa paadaam = with its animals; serpants and trees; viiraH = the heroic; hanumaan = Hanuma; kapikuN^jaraH = the best among monkeys; jaghaana = killed; raakSasau = those two demons.
Having plucked up the top of a mountain with its various animals serpents and trees, the heroic Hanuma the best among monkeys, killed those two demons.
tataḥ teṣv avasanneṣu senā patiṣu pancasu || 5-46-36
balam tat avaśeṣam tu nāśayāmāsa vānaraḥ |
36. teSu paNchasu = (When) those five; senaapatiSu = army-generals; avasanneSu = have been killed; vaanaraH = Hanuma; tataH = then; naashayaamaasa = destroyed; tat = that; avaseSam = remaining; balam = army.
When those five army-generals have been killed, Hanuma then destroyed that remaining army.
aśvaiḥ aśvān gajaiḥ nāgān yodhaiḥ yodhān rathai rathān || 5-46-37
sa kapiḥ nāśayāmāsa sahasra akṣa iva asurān |
37. sahasraakSaH iva = like Indra; thousand-eyed god; asuraaniva = destroying the demons; saH kapiH = that Hanuman naashayaamaasa = destroyed; ashvaan = the horses; ashvaiH = (by striking them) with horses; naagaan = the elephants; gajaiH = with elephants; yodhaan = the warriors; yodhaiH = with warriors; rathaan = and the chariots; rathaiH = with chariots.
Like Indra the thousand-eyed god destroying the demons, Hanuma destroyed the horses by striking them with horses, the elephants with elephants, the warriors with warriors and the chariots with chariots.
hataiḥ nāgaiḥ ca turagaiḥ bhagna akṣaiḥ ca mahārathaiḥ || 5-46-38
hataiḥ ca rākṣasaiḥ bhūmī ruddha mārgā samantataḥ |
38. bhuumiH = the earth; samantatah = on all sides; ruddhamaargaa = had its path-ways blocked; naagaiH = with the elephants; turagaiH = and the horses; hataiH = killed; raakSasaiH = with the demons; hataiH = killed mahaarathaishoha = and with the big chariots; bhagnaashcha = which had their axles broken.
The earth had its path-ways blocked on all sides with the elephants and the horses killed, with the demons killed and with the big chariots which had their axles broken.
tataḥ kapiḥ tān dhvajinī patīn raṇe |
nihatya vīrān sabalān savāhanān |
tat eva vīraḥ parigṛhya toraṇam |
kṛta kṣaṇaḥ kāla iva prajā kṣaye || 5-46-39
39. kaalaH iva = like Yama the Time Spirit; kR^ita kSaNaH = waiting for the right moment; prajaakSaye = for the destruction of two mortals; viiraH = the heroic; kapiH = Hanuma; tataH = thereupon; nihatya = killing; viiraan = the eminent demons; taan = and those; dhvajiniipatiin = army-generals; sabalaan = with their army; savaahanaan = and their vehicles; raNe = in the combat; tathaiva = in like manner (waited for the right moment) parigR^ihya = by laying hold of; toraNam = the arch way.
Like Yama the Time-spirit waiting for the right moment for the destruction of the mortals, the heroic Hanuma, killing the eminent demons and the army-generals with their troops and vehicles in the combat, waited for the right moment at the arch-way.
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye sundarakāṇḍe ṣṭcatvāriṃśaḥ sargaḥ
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© August, 2005, K. M. K. Murthy