Lakshmana explains about Seetha's abduction and their inability to trace her whereabouts. As informed earlier by a demon freed from his curse and who became a celestial, Lakshmana says that they are searching for one Sugreeva, King of Vanmara-s, to befriend him in order to take help in searching for Seetha. Hanuma who is on a similar mission to befriend these two warriors, as instructed by Sugreeva in the earlier chapter, comes to a conclusion that the needs of both the friends would be fulfilled. Then Hanuma takes the two bothers on his back to the place where Sugreeva is hiding from Vali.
tataḥ prahṛṣṭo hanumān kṛtyavān iti tat vacaḥ |
śrutvā madhura bhāvam ca sugrīvam manasā gataḥ || 4-4-1
1.tataH = then; kR^ityavaan = one who does good deeds; Hanuma; iti = thus; tat vacaH = that, words [of Lakshmana]; shrutvaa = having heard; madhura bhaavam ca = finely meaningful, also [on knowing]; prahR^iSTaH = rejoicing; manasaa = by mind; sugriivam = about Sugreeva; gataH = reached [recalled Sugreeva in mind.]
Then that Hanuma, who has good deeds for his credit, on hearing the words of Lakshmana, and even knowing that they are finely meaningful, he rejoicingly recalled in his mind that Sugreeva's effort is going to fructify. [4-4-1]
bhāvyo rājyāgamaḥ tasya sugrīvasya mahātmanaḥ |
yat ayam kṛtyavān prāptaḥ kṛtyam ca etat upāgatam || 4-4-2
2. mahaatmanaH = the great soul; tasya sugriivasya = of that Sugreeva's; raajya aagama = kingdom, coming [retrieval of kingdom]; bhaavyaH = is conceivable; yat = because; kR^ityavaan = purposive one ayam = he [Rama]; praaptaH = has come; etat = all this; kR^ityam cha = deed, also [desired by Rama];' upa aagatam = came by.
"Conceivable is the retrieval of the kingdom by that great souled Sugreeva...and for which deed, this purposive Rama has come, and that deed desired by Rama is also achievable by Sugreeva, and thus all this has came by..." thus thought Hanuma. [4-4-2]
tataḥ parama saṃhṛṣṭaḥ hanumān plavagottamaḥ |
prati uvāca tato vākyam rāmam vākya viśāradaḥ || 4-4-3
3. tataH = then; parama samhR^iSTaH = very, gladdened; Hanuma; plvaga uttama = flyer, the ablest; prati uvaacha tataH = in turn, spoke, then; Ramam = to Rama; vaakya vishaaradaH = sentence, maker [learned one.]
Then Hanuma, the ablest flyer is thus very gladdened...and in turn then spoke to that very learned one, namely Rama. [4- 4-3]
Ramayana is said to have been composed basing on the letters of Gayatri Hymn. The letter ga in plavagottama is the 10th letter in Gayatri hymn, and up to now 9,000 verses are over, out of 24,000 of the total epic.
kim artham tvam vanam ghoram pampā kānana maṇḍitam |
āgataḥ sānujo durgam nānā vyāla mṛga āyutam || 4-4-4
4. sa anujaH = with, brother; pampaa kaanana maNDitam = Pampa, forests, hemmed in; dur gam = impenetrable; naanaa vyaala mR^iga aayutam = many a, serpents, animals, abound with; ghoram vanam = perilous forest; kim artham = what, for; tvam = you; aagataH = have come.
"What for you have come into these perilous forests hemming in Pampa Lake along with your brother, for these are impenetrable forests abounding with many a serpent and animal?" Thus Hanuma asked Rama. [4-4-4]
tasya tad vacanam śrutvā lakṣmaṇo rāma coditaḥ |
ācacakṣe mahātmānam rāmam daśarathātmajam || 4-4-5
5. tasya tat vachanam shrutvaa = his [Hanuma's,] that, sentence, on hearing; Lakshmana; rama choditaH = by Rama, motivated; aachachakSe = narrated; maha aatmaanam = of that great soul; raamam = of Rama [about Rama]; dasharatha atmajam = son of Dasharatha.
On hearing the words of Hanuma, Lakshmana motivated by Rama, narrated about the great soul Rama, the son of Dasharatha. [4-4-5]
rājā daśaratho nāma dyutimān dharma vatsalaḥ |
cātur varṇyam sva dharmeṇa nityam eva abhipālayan || 4-4-6
6. raajaa dasharathaH naama = king, Dasharatha, named; dyutimaan = resplendent one; dharma vatsala = virtue, patron of; chaatur varNyam = four caste system [and its rectitude]; sva dharmeNa = by his own rectitude; nityam eva = always, thus; abhipaalayan = ruling.
"The king named Dasharatha, a resplendent one and the patron of virtue was ruling the four-caste system with its, and by his own rectitude, for he is also bound within that four-caste system... [4-4-6]
na dveṣṭā vidyate tasya sa tu dveṣṭi na kaṃcana |
sa tu sarveṣu bhūteṣu pitāmaha iva aparaḥ || 4-4-7
7. tasya dvesSTaa na vidyate = his, despiser, not to seen; sa tu na dveSTi kancha = he, also, despised, none; saH sarva bhuuteSu = he, but, for all, living beings; pitaamaH iva aparaH = Grandparent Brahma, like, on earth.
There is none despising him, nor he despised any and for all the living beings he is like the Grandparent Brahma on earth... [4-4-7]
agniṣṭomādibhiḥ yajñaiḥ iṣṭavān āpta dakṣiṇaiḥ |
tasya ayam pūrvajaḥ putro rāmo nāma janaiḥ śrutaḥ || 4-4-8
8. agniSToma aadibhiH = agniStoma, and the like; yaj~naiH = with rituals; iSTavaan = performed; aapta dakshiNaiH = given are, the charities [liberal charities are given in rituals by him]; tasya = his; ayam = this one; puurvajaH putraH = eldest, son; Rama; naama janaiH shrutaH = by name, by people, heard [known.]
"And he, King Dasharatha who performed rituals agniSToma and the like Vedic rituals wherein he donated liberally, and this one is his eldest son, and he is renowned among people by the name of Rama... [4-4-8]
śaraṇyaḥ sarva bhūtānām pituḥ nirdeśa pāragaḥ |
jyeṣṭo daśarathasya ayam putrāṇām guṇavattaraḥ || 4-4-9
rāja lakṣaṇa saṃyuktaḥ saṃyukto rājya sampadā ||
rājāt bhraṣṭo mayā vastum vane sārdham iha āgataḥ || 4-4-10
9, 10. sharaNyaH = protector; sarva bhuutaanaam = of all beings; pituH nirdesha paaragaH = father's, directives, follower; jyeSTaH = eldest one; putraaNaam = among the sons; dasharathasya = of Dasharatha; guNavat taraH = has high virtues; raja lakshaNa samyuktaH = king's, qualities, possessing; samyuktaH raajya sampadaa = possessing, royal, fortune; ayam = he is; raajyaat bhraSTaH = from kingdom, deprived; vastum vane = to live, in forest; saardham = along with; maya = with me; iha aagataH = hither, he came.
"He is the protector of all beings and the follower of father's directives, he is the eldest one among the sons of King Dasharatha... possessor of high virtues, qualities and royal fortune befitting to a king... but he is deprived of his kingdom, and came hither to dwell in the forests... nevertheless, followed by me...[4-4-9, 10]
bhāryayā ca mahābhāga sītayā anugato vaśī |
dina kṣaye mahātejāḥ prabha eva divākaraḥ || 4-4-11
11. mahaabhaagaa = oh highly fortunate [Hanuma]; [Rama being] vashii = self-controlled one; mahaatejaa = highly resplendent one; dina kshaye = day, abating; divaakaraH m = Sun's; prabhayaa eva = with resplendence / Sun's consort Prabha, like; bhaaryaayaa cha = with his wife, also; siitaayaa anugataH = with Seetha, following him.
"With his wife Seetha following him, oh, highly fortunate Hanuma, this self-controlled and highly resplendent Rama came to forests like the Sun followed by his consort Prabha, who vanishes when the day is abated...
With his wife Seetha following him, oh, highly fortunate Hanuma, this self-controlled and highly resplendent Rama came to forests like sun with his dwindling resplendence when the day is abated... [4-4-11]
aham asya avaraḥ bhrātā guṇaiḥ dāsyam upāgataḥ |
kṛtajñasya bahujñasya lakṣmaṇo nāma nāmataḥ || 4-40-12
12. aham = I am; kR^itaj~nasya bahuj~nasya = of this faithful one, knowledgeable one; asya gunaiH = by his, justness; daasyam upaagataH = servitude, one who obtained; avaraH bhraataa = younger, brother; Lakshmana; naama naamathaH = named, by name.
"I am the one who obtained servitude by the justness of this faithful and knowledgeable one, and his younger brother, by name I am named as Lakshmana... [4-4-12]
sukhārhasya mahārhasya sarvabhūta hitātmanaḥ |
aiśvaryeṇa vihīnasya vanavāse ratasya ca || 4-4-13
rakṣasa apahṛtā bhāryā rahite kāma rūpiṇā |
tat ca na jñāyate rakṣaḥ patnī yena asya vā hṛtā || 4-4-14
13, 14. sukha arhasya = for comforts, one who is eligible; mahaa arhasya = for respectability, one who is eligible; sarva bhuuta hita aatmanaH = for all, beings, well-being, he who aspires to; aishvaryeNa vi hiinasya = of prosperousness, one who is devoid of; vana vaase ratasya cha = forests, dwelling, predisposed, also; [tasya bhaaryaa = such as he is, his wife is]; rahite = in lonely place; kaama ruupiNaH = by guise-changing; rakshasaa apahR^itaa bhaaryaa = by demon, abducted, is his wife; yena vaa = by whom, either; asya patnii hR^itaa = his, wife, is stolen; tat raksha cha = that, demon, even; na j~naayate = not, known.
"He who aspires to keep up the well-being of all the beings, and he who is merited for all comforts and respectability is now devoid of his prosperity and predisposed to forest dwelling... such as he is, his wife is abducted by a guise changing demon in a lonely place, of whom we know not... we know not which demon stole his wife... [4-4-13, 14]
The aspect of �helping the destitute' is retold here. Though Rama could have rejoiced in the nearby forests bordering Ayodhya for fourteen years without a bother, and could have regained his comforts and respectability, his mission to help the piteous sages and saints, and other god-forsaken creatures had to trigger off somewhere in the deep of woods. So while in woods his wife is stolen, paving a way for him to embark on his above mission.
danuḥ nāma diteḥ putraḥ śāpāt rākṣasatām gataḥ |
ākhyātaḥ tena sugrīvaḥ samartho vānarādhipaḥ || 4-4-15
sa jñāsyati mahāvīryaḥ tava bhāryā apahāriṇam |
evam uktvā danuḥ svargam bhrājamāno divam gataḥ || 4-4-16
15, 16. danuH naama = Danu, named; diteH putraH = Diti's, son; shaapaat = by curse; raakshasataam gataH = demon-hood, obtained; aakhyaataH tena = said, by him; Sugreeva; vaanara adhipaH = monkey's, chief; samarthaH = is capable one; saH = he; mahaa viiryaH = that great valorous one; j~naasyasi = can know; tava bhaaryaa = your wife's; apahaaNinam = abductor; evam uktvaa danuH = thus, saying, Danu; bhraajamanaH svargam = while becoming self-luminous to heavens; divam gataH = skyward, went away.
"One named Danu, son of Diti, who acquired demon-hood by curse had said that Sugreeva, the chief of monkeys, is a capable one, and he even said, "that great valorous Sugreeva can know about the abductor of your wife..." saying thus that Danu is released from the curse of his demon-hood, moved skyward and went away to heavens while becoming self-luminous... [4-4-15, 16]
etat te sarvam ākhyātam yāthātathyena pṛcchataḥ |
aham caiva ca rāmaḥ ca sugrīvam śaraṇam gatau || 4-4-17
17. etat = all this; te = to you; sarvam aakhyaatam = all, is informed; yathaa tathaaena = as it is; pR^icChataH = as asked; aham cha = I, and; eva RamaH cha = thus, also, Rama; sugriivam = of Sugreeva; sharaNam gatau = recourse to, we [already] went into [upon our word.]
"All this is informed to you, as it is as you have asked..Myself and Rama, we now have our recourse to Sugreeva alone... [4-4-17]
eṣa dattvā ca vittāni prāpya ca anuttamam yaśaḥ |
lokanāthaḥ purā bhūtvā sugrīvam nātham icchati || 4-4-18
18. eSaH = he, Rama; dattvaa cha vittaani = gave away, riches; praapya cha = obtained, also; anuttamam yasha = unequalled, renown; lokanaathaH puraa bhuutvaa = world lord, earlier, he was; sugriivam naatham icChati = Sugreeva, ass lordship, accepts.
"He who gave away riches in charity, who obtained unequalled renown and who himself was the lord of this world earlier, now accepts the lordship of Sugreeva... [4-4-18]
sītā yasya snuṣā ca āsīt śaraṇyo dharmavatsalaḥ |
tasya putraḥ śaraṇyasya sugrīvam śaraṇam gataḥ || 4-4-19
19. yasya dharmavatsalaH sharaNyaH = to which, patron of dharma, shelterer; sharaNyasya asya = shelterer, such a - namely Dasharatha's; snuSaa siitaa aasiit = daughter-in-law, Seetha, is there; tasya putraH = his, son; Sugreeva's; shaNanam gataH = in shelter, take refuge.
"Who was a patron of virtue and who himself was a shelterer, to whom Seetha is the daughter-in-law, such a shelterer's son Rama is now taking shelter under Sugreeva... [4-4-19]
sarva lokasya dharmātmā śaraṇyaḥ śaraṇam purā |
gurur me rāghavaḥ so.ayam sugrīvam śaraṇam gataḥ || 4-4-20
20. sarva lokasya = of all the world; dharmaatmaa = virtuous one; sharaNyaH = protector; sharaNam puraa = only refuge, earlier; guruH me = mentor, mine; Raaghava; saH = he; ayam sugriivam = that, Sugreeva; sharaNam gataH = refuge seeking.
"He who is a virtuous one and protector of all the world, and who is the only refuge for all in earlier times... such a Raaghava, my mentor, is now seeking refuge with Sugreeva... [4-4-20]
yasya prasāde satatam prasīdeyuḥ imāḥ prajāḥ |
sa rāmaḥ vānarendrasya prasādam abhikāṅkṣate || 4-4-21
21. yasya = by whose; prasaade = beneficence; satatam = always; prasiideyuH = delighted; imaaH prajaaH = these people; saH raamaH = he that, Rama; vaanara indrasya = of the lord of monkeys; prasaadam abhikaa~Nkshate = benefaction, seeking.
"By whose beneficence all these people are always delighted, he that Rama is now seeking benefaction from the lord of monkeys... [4-4-21]
yena sarva guṇopetāḥ pṛthivyām sarva pārthivāḥ |
mānitāḥ satatam rājñā sadā daśarathena vai || 4-4-22
tasya ayam pūrvajaḥ putraḥ triṣu lokeṣu viśrutaḥ |
sugrīvam vānarendram tu rāmaḥ śaraṇam āgataḥ || 4-4-23
22, 23. raaj~naa = by that king; yena dasharathena = by which, Dasharatha; pR^ithivyaam = on earth; sarva guNopetaaH = all kinds of, good attributes having; sarva paarthivaaH = all, the [other] kings are; sadaa = of all times; satatam = always; maanitaaH = esteemed; tasya puurvajaH putraH = his [Dasharatha's,] eldest, son; triSu lokeSu vishrutaH = in three, worlds, renowned one [for his sheltering]; ayam raamaH = this, Rama; vaanara indram = monkeys, lord, sugriivam = of Sugreeva, sharaNam gataH = shelter, taken.
"By which kingDasharatha, are all the kings with all possible good attributes are always, and at all the times were esteemed to be safeguarded as defensible kings, such king's eldest son Rama, renowned in all the three worlds for his own sheltering the needy, has now taken shelter under monkeys lord Sugreeva... [4-4-22, 23]
śoka abhibhūte rāme tu śoka ārte śaraṇam gate |
kartum arhati sugrīvaḥ prasādam saha yūthapaiḥ || 4-4-24
24. shoka abhibhuute = by sadness, one who is rebuffed; shoka aarte = by sadness, agonised; sharaNam gate = refuge, already sought; raaame = in respect of Rama; Sugreeva; saha yuudhapaiH = along with, other monkey commanders; prasaadam kartum arhati = favour, to do, apt of him.
"One who is rebuffed by sadness, and even agonised by it had already sought refuge, hence it is apt of Sugreeva to do favour in Rama's respect along with other vanara commanders..." Lakshmana said thus to Hanuma. [4-4-24]
evam bruvāṇam saumitrim karuṇam sa aśru pātanam |
hanumān prati uvāca idam vākyam vākya viśāradaḥ || 4-4-25
25. karuNam = piteously; sa ashru paatanam = with, tears, falling out; evam bruvaaNam = thus, telling; saumitrim = to Lakshmana; vaakya vishaaradaH = lettered, eminent one; to Hanumaan; idam vaakyam = this sentence; prati uvaacha = in return said.
To Lakshmana, who is telling that piteously with tears falling out, the eminently lettered Hanumaan said this in his return. [4-4-25]
īdṛśā buddhi saṃpannā jitakrodhā jiteindriyāḥ |
draṣṭavyā vānareindreṇa diṣṭyā darśanam āgatāḥ || 4-4-26
26. iidR^ishaaH = this kind of; buddhi sampannaaH = intellect, having; jita krodhaa = conquered, anger; jita indriyaH = conquered, senses; diSTyaa = godsend; darshanam aagataaH = advent, has come to; vanarendNena = by monkey's chief; draSTavyaa = are to be seen.
"Intellectuals of your kind, who have conquered anger and senses are to be seen by the chief of monkeys Sugreeva, for your advent is godsend... [4-4-26]
sa hi rājyāt ca vibhraṣṭaḥ kṛta vairaḥ ca vālinā |
hṛta dāro vane trastaḥ bhrātrā vinikṛtaḥ bhṛśam || 4-4-27
27. valinaa = by Vaali; kR^ita vairaH cha = rendered, as an enemy, also; bhraataraa = by his brother; hR^ita daaraH = abducted, wife; bhR^isham = very much; vinikR^itaH = one who is insulted; raajyaat vi bhraSTaH = from kingdom, abrogated; sa hi = he [Sugreeva], indeed; trasthaH = fearing; vane = in forests; [bhramati = roaming about.]
"He who is made as an enemy, very muchinsulted, and abrogated from kingdom by his own brother Vali, that Sugreeva is roaming about forests fearing him alone, his own brother Vali... [4-4-27]
kariṣyati sa sāhāyyam yuvayoḥ bhāskarātmajaḥ |
sugrīvaḥ saha ca asmābhiḥ sītāyāḥ parimārgaṇe || 4-4-28
28. bhaaskara aatmajaH = Sun god's, son; Sugreeva; saha asmaabhiH = along, with us - vanara forces; siithaayaaH = of Seetha's; parimaargaNe = searching; youvayoH kariSyati sa sahaayyam = to you two, he will render, help.
"He that son of Sun, Sugreeva, will render help to you two, joining forces of our like Vanara-s in searching Seetha..." [4-4-28]
iti evam uktvā hanumān ślakṣṇam madhurayā girā |
babhāṣe sādhu gacchāmaḥ sugrīvam iti rāghavam || 4-4-29
29. Hanumaan; mathurayaa giraa = with harmonious words; shlakshnam = politely; iti evam uktvaa = thus, that way, spoke; saadhu = good; abhigacChema sugriivaH = we now, approach, Sugreeva; iti = thus; babhaaSaH = said to; raaghavam = to Raaghava.
Thus Hanuman on speaking melodious words with politeness, also said to Raghava as, "good, we may now approach Sugreeva...." [4-4-29]
evam bruvantam dharmātmā hanūmantam sa lakṣmaṇaḥ |
pratipūjya yathā nyāyam idam provāca rāghavam || 4-4-30
30. dharmaatmaa = virtuous one; saH Lakshmana = that, Lakshmana; evam bruvaaNam hanumantam = thus, who is saying, to that Hanuma; yathaa nyaayam = as per, custom; pratipuujya cha = in return, on adoring, also; raaghavam idam provaacha = to Raaghava, this, he spoke.
Hanuma when said thus virtuous Lakshmana adored him customarily in the way befitting to an envoy, and spoke this to Rama... [4-4-30]
kapiḥ kathayate hṛṣṭo yathā ayam mārutātmajaḥ |
kṛtyavān so.api saṃprāptaḥ kṛta kṛtyo.asi rāghava || 4-4-31
31. Raaghava; maaruta aatmajaH = Air-god's son; ayam kapiH = this, monkey; yathaa kathayate = in happiness, as to how, he is telling; hR^ishtaH = he is happy; saH api = he, also; kR^ityavaan = aspirant of some deed; sampraaptaH = neared us; kR^ita kR^ityaH asi = mission, full-filled, you will be.
"Raghava, as to how this monkey seems to be happy in meeting us, by way of his narration, and he too neared us as an aspirant of some deed to be performed by us, hence joining them seems to fulfil your mission... [4-4-31]
prasanna mukha varṇaḥ ca vyaktam hṛṣṭaḥ ca bhāṣate |
na anṛtam vakṣyate vīro hanūmān mārutātmajaḥ || 4-4-32
32. vyaktam = lucid expression; prasanna mukha varNaH cha = pleasing, facial, tinge, also; hR^iSTaH cha bhaaSate = gladdened, also, he is talking; hanumaan maarutaatmajaH = Hanuma, son of Air-god; viiraH na anR^itam vakshyate = valiant one, no, untruth, telling.
"He is talking with a lucid expression and pleasing facial tinge by which he seems to be gladdened at his heart... needless is telling untruths to such a valiant son of Air-god, Hanuma, isn't it!" So said Laskhmana to Rama [4-4-32]
tataḥ sa sumahāprājñaḥ hanumān mārutātmajaḥ |
jagāma ādāya tau vīrau hari rājāya rāghavau || 4-4-33
33. tataH = then; mahaapraaj~naH = very intelligent one; maaruta atmajaH = Lord Air's son; saH = he that; Hanumaan; viirau tau aadaaya = valorous ones those two, Raghava-s, on taking; hari raajaaya = to monkeys' king; jagaama = started to.
Then he that very intelligent son of Air-god Hanuma, took those two valorous Raghava-s to go to the king of monkeys Sugreeva. [4-4-33]
bhikṣu rūpam parityajya vānaram rūpam āsthitaḥ |
pṛṣṭam āropya tau vīrau jagāma kapikuṅjaraḥ || 4-4-34
34. kapi kunjaraH = monkey, the elephant like estimable one; bhikshu ruupam = ascetic's, semblance; parityajya = on discarding; vaanara ruupam aasthitaH = monkey's, form, came to; tau viirau pR^iSTam aaropya = those, two valiant ones, onto his back, on mounting; jagaama = proceeded.
On discarding the ascetic's semblance that estimable monkey Hanuma obtained his own monkey's form, and mounting those two valiant ones onto his back he proceeded towards Sugreeva. [4-4-34]
sa tu vipula yaśāḥ kapi pravīraḥ pavanasutaḥ kṛta kṛtyavat prahṛṣṭaḥ |
giri varam uruvikramaḥ prayātaḥ sa śubhamatiḥ saha rāma lakṣmaṇābhyām || 4-4-35
35. vipula yashaaH = extensively renowned; kapiH pra viiraH = monkey, very, heroic; saH pavana sutaH = he, that Air-god's son; prahR^iSTaH kR^ita kR^itya vat = gladdened, deed accomplished one, like; subha matiH = pious, minded; uru vikramaH = highly audacious one; saH = he, Hanuma; saha raama lakshmanaabhyaam = along with, Rama, Lakshmana; giri varam = mountain, the great; prayaataH = travelled to.
Hanuma, the extensively renowned heroic son of Air-god with pious mind and highly audacious nature, is then gladdened like the one whose difficult deed is just accomplished, thus he gladly travelled to that mountain where Sugreeva is abiding, along with Rama and Lakshmana. [4-4-35]
- - -
iti valmīki rāmāyaṇe ādi kāvye araṇya kāṇḍe caturthaḥ sargaḥ
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@ 2001, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : March, 04