Hanuma tries to console Tara. He asserts that Angada will not be looked down. Though Vali is put to his plight, Hanuma says, that Tara alone is the empress to lead Kishkindha kingdom. But Tara prefers self-immolation along with her husband Vali.
tato nipatitām tārām cyutām tārām iva aṃbarāt |
śanaiḥ āśvāsayāmāsa hanūmān hari yūthapaḥ || 4-21-1
1. tataH = then; ambaraat cyutaam taaraam iva = from sky, fallen, a star, like; nipatitaam taaraam = fallen to ground, at Tara; hari yuuthapaH hanuumaan = monkey's, leader, Hanuma; shanaiH aashvaasayaamaasa = slowly, consoled.
Hanuma, the leader of monkeys, then neared and slowly consoled Tara who has fallen to ground like a star from sky. [4-21-1]
guṇa doṣa kṛtam jaṃtuḥ svakarma phala hetukam |
avyagraḥ tad avāpnoti sarvam pretya śubha aśubham || 4-21-2
2. jantuH = living beings; guNa doSa kR^itam = merit, demerit, doings [whether done in good intention or bad]; phala hetukam = results, cause of; sarvam tat = all, that; shubha a shubham karma = good, not, good, deed; pretya = on demise; a vyagraH avaapnoti = un, repentantly, one gets.
"Living beings on doing the deeds of merit or demerit, or knowingly or unknowingly, will derive the resultant fruits of those deeds according to one's own destiny even after demise, and they shall bear them unrepentantly, may they be provident or improvident... [4-21-2]
For this verse Dharmaakuutam says: atra ca sva karama phala hetukamiti visheShaNena anaadi bhava parampara aasaadita dharma artha vaasanaa vashena shubham ashubham vaa karma anuShThaaya tad auruupam sukaham duHkham vaa phalam avaapnoti iti uktam -- dharmaakuutamThus Hanuma is saying that Vali is not dead at the hand of Sugreeva but dead due his own demerits.
śocyā śocasi kam śocyam dīnam dīnā anukaṃpase |
kaḥ ca kasya anuśocyo asti dehe asmin budbuda upame || 4-21-3
3. shocyaa = a lamentable [you yourself]; shocyam kam shocasi = lamentable one, about whom, you are lamenting; diinaa = pitiable on [you yourself]; diinam = [for which] piteous one; anukampase = quivering [pitying]; asmin dehe budbuda upame = for this, body, bubble, in similitude; kaH kasya anushocyaH asti = who, for whom, lamentable, is there.
"Of which lamentable one you lament while you yourself are in a lamentable state? Of which pitiable one you take pity while you yourself are in a pitiable condition? Who is pitiable by whom in these bubbles like bodies? [4-21-3]
aṃgadaḥ tu kumāro ayam draṣṭavyo jīva putrayā |
āyatyā ca vidheyāni samarthāni asya cintaya || 4-21-4
4. jiiva putrayaa = one who has a living, son; by you; kumaaraH ayam angadaH draSTavyaH = young one, this, Angada, is to be looked after; aayatyaa ca = forthcoming - ensuing, also; asya vidheyaani samarthaani = by him, deeds of duty [funerals of Vali,] deeds for well-being; cintaya = are to be thought of.
"You are the one with a living son, and you have to look after this young one Angada, and you have to think of the forthcoming activities for his well-being and for his performance of duty towards his father. [4-21-4]
jānāsi aniyatām evam bhūtānām āgatim gatim |
tasmāt śubham hi kartavyam paṇḍitena iha laukikam || 4-21-5
5. bhuutaanaam aagatim gatim = living being's, coming, going [birth and death]; a niyataam evam = not, certain, thus; jaanaasi = you are aware; tasmaat = therefore; paNDitena = by prudent one; iha laukikam shubham kartavyam hi = in here, worldly things, auspicious ones, are to be done, indeed.
"You are aware that the coming and going of beings, in their subtle forms of earth, water, fire, air and space into this mortal life and back is uncertain, thereby the prudent ones have to perform auspicious worldly deeds here in this world, say, the funeral of Vali. [4-21-5]
yasmin hari sahasrāṇi śatāni niyutāni ca |
vartayanti kṛta āśāni so ayam diṣṭāṃtam āgataḥ || 4-21-6
6. yasmin = in whom [Vali]; kR^ita aashaani = reposing, confidence; hari sahasraaNi shataani = monkeys, thousands, hundreds; niyutaani ca = harboured, also; vartayanti = abiding - living basing on him; saH ayam = such as he is; diSTa antam aagataH = fate's, end, he came.
"In whom hundreds and thousands of monkeys are harboured and astir, for they have reposed their confidence in him alone, that Vali has arrived at his end. [4-21-6]
yad ayam nyāya dṛṣṭa arthaḥ sāma dāna kṣamā paraḥ |
gato dharma jitām bhūmim na enam śocitum arhasi || 4-21-7
7. nyaaya dR^iSTa arthaH = by justice, observed, having means - one who is observant of rationality, conducted himself judiciously; saama daana kSamaa paraH = friendliness, courteousness, forgivingness he was observing; ayam = this Vali; yat = by which reason; dharma jitaam bhuumim gataH = by rightness, conquered, to domain, has gone; na enam shocitum arhasi = not, for him, your sorrowing, apt of you.
"By which reason this Vali conducted himself judiciously, observing friendliness, courteousness and forgivingness, by that reason alone Vali is going to a domain in heavens which he righteously conquered for himself, and it is unapt of your sorrowing for him. [4-21-7]
sarve ca hari śārdūlāḥ putraḥ ca ayam tava aṃgadaḥ |
hari ṛkṣa pati rājyam ca tvat sanātham anindite || 4-21-8
8. a nindite = oh, impeccable one, Tara; sarve hari shaarduulaaH = all, monkey, tigers; tava putraH = your, son; ayam angadaH ca = this, for Angada, and; hari R^ikSa pati raajyam ca = monkeys, bear, lords, kingdom of, also; tvat = in you; sa naatham = is with, guardian.
"All the tigerly-monkeys, oh, impeccable Tara, including this son of yours Angada, and all the lords of monkeys and bears have their guardian angel in you. [4-21-8]
tau imau śoka saṃtaptau śanaiḥ preraya bhāmini |
tvayā parigṛhīto ayam aṃgadaḥ śāstu medinīm || 4-21-9
9. bhaamini = oh, lady; shoka samtaptau tau imau = in grief, searing, these, two = Sugreeva, Angada; shanaiH preraya = slowly, inspirit; tvayaa parigR^ihiitaH = by you, taken up [acquiesce to]; ayam angadaH mediniim shaastu = this, Angada, the earth, rule over.
"Oh, lady, inspirit these two, Sugreeva and Angada, that are searing in grief, and if you acquiesce then this Angada will rule over the earth. [4-21-9]
saṃtatiḥ ca yathā dṛṣṭā kṛtyam yat ca api sāṃpratam |
rājñaḥ tat kriyatām sarvam eṣa kālasya niścayaḥ || 4-21-10
10. santatiH yathaa dR^iSTaa = progeny, as to how, seen kin scriptures - anticipated from a male descendent; saampratam raaj~naH = presently, for king; yat kR^ityam ca api = which, is to be done, also even; tat sarvam kriyataam = that, all, is to done; eSa kaalasya nishcayaH = this is, [befitting to] time's, decision.
"Whatever duty anticipated from a male descendent towards his father, and whatever activity that is to be done presently in respect of the dying king, let them be done, and that would be a timely decision. [4-21-10]
This expression also means smashaana vyraagya 'burial-ground renunciation...' In that, 'all this has happened so according to Time's decision...' arthaa gR^ihaat nivartante aa smashaanaat tu baandhava | sukR^itam duShkR^itam caiva gacchantam anucacChgati ||'wealth and means remain in house, relatives come up to graveyard, only Merit and Demerit follow the goer...'
saṃskāryo hari rājaḥ tu aṃgadaḥ ca abhiṣicyatām |
siṃhāsana gatam putram paśyantī śāntim eṣyasi || 4-21-11
11. hari raajaH samskaaryaH = monkeys, king, is to be cremated; angadaH ca abhiSicyataam = Angada's, also, be anointed; simha aasana gatam = lion's, seat [throne,] invested; putram pashyantii shaantim eSyasi = son, on seeing, peace, you can obtain.
"Cremation of the king of monkeys and anointment of Angada are the present time affairs, and seeing your son invested on the throne you can obtain peace." Thus spoke Hanuma to Tara. [4-21-11]
sā tasya vacanam śrutvā bhartṛ vyasana pīḍitā |
abravīt uttaram tārā hanūmantam avasthitam || 4-21-12
12. bhartR^i vyasana piiDitaa = husband's, by plight, tormented; saa taaraa = she, Tara; tasya vacanam shrutvaa = his [Hanuma's,] words, on hearing; avasthitam hanuumantam = available nearby, to Hanuma; uttaram abraviit = reply, spoke.
On hearing Hanuma's words she who is tormented by the plight of her husband, that Tara replied Hanuma who is standing nearby. [4-21-12]
aṃgada pratirūpāṇām putrāṇām ekataḥ śatam |
hatasya api asya vīrasya gātra saṃśleṣaṇam varam || 4-21-13
13. angada prati ruupaaNaam = Angada like, alternative, reflections - selfsame Angada-s; shatam = , hundred; putraaNaam = sons; ekataH = on one side; hatasya api asya viirasya = struck dead, though, this, brave one's; gaatra samshleSaNam varam = body, for embracing, the best.
"Let there be a hundred selfsame Angada-s on one side, and this brave one the other, for me embracing him who is put to death is the best ... [4-21-13]
This verse is said to be difficulkt one to derive meaning kiSTa anvaya. There is another narration of this verse omitting the first foot of next stanza and it reads: kim kaaryam pati hiinayaaH putraaNaam ayutaiH api | pitR^ivyah tasya sugriivaH sarva kaaryeShu anantaraH ||
na ca aham hari rājyasya prabhavāmi aṃgadasya vā |
pitṛvyaḥ tasya sugrīvaḥ sarva kāryeṣui anaṃtaraḥ || 4-21-14
14. aham hari raajyasya ca = I am, for monkey's, kingdom, either; angadasya vaa = of Angada, or; na prabhavaami = not, capable - who am I; tasya = his [Angada's]; pitR^ivyaH sugriivaH = paternal-uncle, Sugreeva; sarva kaaryeSu anantaraH = in all, affairs, close at hand.
"Who am I either for conducting the monkeys kingdom or to anoint Angada when Angada's paternal-uncle Sugreeva is close at hand? [4-21-14]
na hi eṣā buddhiḥ āstheyā hanūman aṃgadam prati |
pitā hi baṃdhuḥ putrasya na mātā hari sattama || 4-21-15
15. hanuman = oh, Hanuma; angadam prati = Angada, towards; eSaa buddhiH = this kind of, thinking; na aastheyaa hi = not, to be pursued, indeed; hari sattama = oh monkey, the best; putrasya = for son; pitaa hi bandhuH = father, really, is the defender; na maataa = not, mother.
"Hanuma, this thinking of yours that Angada is to be crowned is really untenable, oh, best monkey, father is the real defender of a son, but not the mother. [4-21-15]
na hi mama hari rāja saṃśrayāt
kṣamataram asti paratra ca iha vā |
abhimukha hata vīra sevitam
śayanam idam mama sevitum kṣamam || 4-21-16
16. mama = to me; iha vaa = here, either; paratra ca = other where, also; hari raaja = monkey's, king's; samshrayaat = than patronage; kSama taram = befitting, highly; na asti hi = not, there, indeed; abhi mukha hata = when facing away, who is killed; viira sevitam = by such brave one, adored; idam shayanam = this, [death] bed; sevitum mama kSamam = to adore - join in the death bed, to me, befitting.
"Indeed there is nothing highly befitting to me, either in this world or in the other, than the auspices of the king of monkeys, and now to me the only befitting thing is to join in this brave one on this death bed, which he is adoring when put to death while he is facing away. [4-21-16]
- - -
iti vālmīki rāmāyaṇe ādi kāvye kiṣkindha kāṇḍe eka viṃśaḥ sargaḥ
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© 2002, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : June 04]