Rama to imbue confidence in Sugreeva hurtles his arrow that penetrates seven sala trees and also the subterranean planes of earth and returns into his quiver. Sugreeva obliging the prowess of Rama submits himself to Rama, who encourages Sugreeva to challenge Vali for a duel. Accordingly a duel ensues wherein Vali assaults Sugreeva and chases him off. Battered and belittled, Sugreeva implores upon Rama why he did not come to his rescue. Rama apologetically states that he could not make out difference between the two brothers for they are alike. Rama asks Sugreeva to wear a garland and again challenge Vali, so with that identification of garland he could aim his arrow at the other dueller. Again they all advance towards Kishkindha for the duel with Vali.
etac ca vacanam śrutvā sugrīvasya subhāṣitam |
pratyayārtham mahātejā rāmo jagrāha kārmukam || 4-12-1
1. mahaatejaa raamaH = great-resplendent, Rama; sugriivasya su bhaaSitam = of Sugreeva, well, spoken; etat ca vacanam shrutvaa = them, also, words, on hearing; pratyaya artham = credence, to inculcate; jagraaha kaarmukam = took up, bow.
On hearing the well-spoken words of Sugreeva that expressed doubt about Rama's valour, that great resplendent Rama took-up bow to inculcate credence in Sugreeva. [4-12-1]
sa gṛhītvā dhanur ghoram śaram ekam ca mānadaḥ |
sālam uddiśya cikṣepa pūrayan sa ravaiḥ diśaḥ || 4-12-2
2. maana daH = dignity, bestower; saH gR^ihiitvaa dhanuH ghoram = he, on taking, bow, dreadful one; puurayan sa [jyaa] ravaiH dishaH = filling - reverberating, with [of bowstring,] twans, in all directions; saalam uddishya = at sala tree, aiming; ekam sharam cikSepa = one, arrow, darted.
Rama, the bestower of dignity to the sufferers, took up his dreadful bow, aimed at a sala tree, and darted single arrow, by which all the directions reverberated with the twang of his bowstring. [4-12-2]
sa visṛṣṭo balavatā bāṇaḥ svarṇa pariṣkṛtaḥ |
bhittvā sālān giri prastham sapta bhūmim viveśa ha || 4-12-3
3. balavataa = by mighty Rama; vi sR^iSTaH svarNa pariSkR^itaH = released is, in gold, decorated; saH baaNaH = that, arrow; sapta saalaan giri prastham bhittvaa = seven, sala trees, mountain, heights, on perforating; bhuumim vivesha ha = into earth, entered, indeed.
The golden arrow released by the mighty Rama perforated all the seven sala trees, and even the levelled areas of mountain, and then entered the earth. [4-12-3]
sāyakaḥ tu muhūrtena sālān bhittvā mahājavaḥ |
niṣpatya ca punaḥ tūrṇam tam eva praviveśa ha || 4-12-4
4. saayakaH tu mahaa javaH = arrow, but, with great, briskness; muhuurtena saalaan bhittvaa = in a moment, sala trees, on drilling; niS patya ca = out, coming, also - came up from earth; punaH tuurNam tam eva pravivesha ha = again, swiftly, that, only [that quiver of Rama,], entered, indeed.
Thus that arrow which briskly drilled all the sala trees, came up in a moment from under the earth, and again swiftly re-entered the quiver of Rama. [4-12-4]
That arrow not only drilled one tree as asked by Sugreeva, but all the seven, and also a mountain from peak to core, and even entered the seventh earthly plane, that which is beneath the sixth plane of the earth, where atala, vitala, sutala, paataala, rasaatal, talaatala are the names of six strata of earth.
tān dṛṣṭvā sapta nirbhinnān sālān vānarapuṃgavaḥ |
rāmasya śara vegena vismayam paramam gataḥ || 4-12-5
5. vaanara pungavaH = monkey, the best; nir bhinnaan taan sapta saalaan dR^iSTvaa = profoundly, fissured, those, seven, sala trees, on seeing; raamasya shara vegena = by Rama's, arrow's, rapidity; paramam vismayam gataH = stunning, astonishment, went into.
On seeing them the seven sala trees that are profoundly fissured, that best monkey Sugreeva went into a stunning astonishment at the rapidity of Rama's arrow. [4-12-5]
sa mūrdhnā nyapatat bhūmau pralaṃbīkṛta bhūṣaṇaḥ |
sugrīvaḥ parama prīto rāghavāya kṛtāṃjaliḥ || 4-12-6
6. parama priitaH saH sugriivaH = highly, gladdened, he, that Sugreeva; raaghavaaya kR^ita anjaliH = towards Raghava, makin palm fold; pra lambiikR^ita bhuuSaNaH = while his ornaments, made to dangling [on his crouching]; muurdhnaa nyapatat bhuumau = with head touching, fallen, on ground.
Highly gladdened Sugreeva made palm-fold in that astonishment, kneeled while his ornaments dangled, and prostrated before Raghava with his head touching the ground. [4-12-6]
idam ca uvāca dharmajñam karmaṇā tena harṣitaḥ |
rāmam sarva astra viduṣām śreṣṭham śūram avasthitam || 4-12-7
7. tena karmaNaa harSitaH = by that, deed, overjoyed is that Sugreeva is; dharma j~nam = to virtue-knower [Rama]; sarva astra viduSaam shreSTham = among all, missiles, experts, proficient one; shuuram = valorous one; avasthitam = present before; mam = to Rama; idam ca uvaaca = this, also, said.
Overjoyed with that deed Sugreeva said this to that virtue-knower, the one who is proficient among all experts of missiles, namely the valorous Rama, who is just in his presence him. [4-12-7]
sa indrān api surān sarvām tvam bāṇaiḥ puruṣarṣabha |
samarthaḥ samare hantum kim punar vālinam prabho || 4-12-8
8. puruSa rSabha = oh, best one among men; prabho = oh, lord; tvam samare = you, in battle; sa indraan sarvaan suraan api = with, Indra, all of them, the gods, even; baaNaiH hantum samarthaH = with arrows, to eliminate, you are capable of; vaalinam kim punaH = of Vali, why, again [speak of him.]
"You with your arrows, oh, best one among men, are capable of eliminating all the gods including Indra, oh, lord, then why to speak of Vali. [4-12-8]
yena sapta mahā sālā girir bhūmiḥ ca dāritāḥ |
bāṇena ekena kākutstha sthātā te ko raṇa agrataḥ || 4-12-9
9. kaakutstha = oh, Rama; yena = by whom; ekena baaNena = by a single, arrow; sapta mahaa saalaa = seven, great, sala trees; giriH bhuumiH ca = mountain, earth, also; daaritaaH = are ripped off; te = such as you are, in your before; raNa agrataH = at war's, vanguard; kaH sthaataa = who, stands.
"By whom seven great sala trees, a mountain and also the earth is ripped off with only one arrow, oh Kakutstha, who then can stand up to you in the vanguard of war. [4-12-9]
adya me vigataḥ śokaḥ prītir adya parā mama |
suhṛdam tvām samāsādya mahendra varuṇopamam || 4-12-10
10. adya = today; mahendra varuNa upamam = to Indra and to Rain-god, in similitude; tvaam suhR^idam samaasaadya = you, kind-hearted one, on gaining; me shokaH vigataH = to me, distress, is gone; adya mama paraa priitiH = now, to me, heightened, is the joy.
"Today on gaining a kind-hearted friend like you, who is similar to Indra and Rain-god who accord favour on their own, my distress is gone and my joy is heightened. [4-12-10]
tam adya eva priyārtham me vairiṇam bhrātṛ rūpiṇam |
vālinam jahi kākutstha mayā baddho ayam aṃjaliḥ || 4-12-11
11. kaakutstha = oh, Rama; me bhraatR^i ruupiNam vairiNam = my, in brother's, semblance, an enemy; tam vaalinam = him, that Vali be; adya eva priyaartham = today, only, for my happiness; jahi = kill; mayaa baddhaH ayam anjaliH = by me, joined, this, palms - in supplication.
"Oh, Rama, today itself you eliminate that enemy of mine in a brother's semblance for my happiness, for which I adjoin my palms in supplication." Thus Sugreeva requested Rama. [4-12-11]
tato rāmaḥ pariṣvajya sugrīvam priya darśanam |
pratyuvāca mahāprājño lakṣmaṇānugatam vacaḥ || 4-12-12
12. tataH = thenl; mahaa praaj~naH = raamaH highly, percipient one, Rama; priya darshanam = pleasant one, in look [Sugreeva]; lakSmaNa anugatam sugriivam pariSvajya = Lakshmana's, alternate of, Sugreeva, on embracing; vacaH prati uvaaca = wrods, replied.
That great percipient Rama embraced Sugreeva, which Sugreeva is pleasant in his look for he gained confidence by now, and who is an alternate of Lakshmana to partake Rama's affection, and then Rama said these words to such a Sugreeva in reply. [4-12-12]
asmād gacchāma kiṣkindhām kṣipram gaccha tvam agrataḥ |
gatvā ca āhvaya sugrīva vālinam bhrātṛ gandhinam || 4-12-13
13. sugriiva = oh, Sugreeva; asmaat = from here; kSipram kiSkindhaam gacChaama = quickly, to Kishkindha, we will go; tvam [kshipram = quickly]; agrataH gacCha = in advance, you move; gatvaa = having gone; bhraatR^i gandhinam = Vali, brotherhood, oe who is redolent of; vaalinam = Vali be; aahvaya = you invite.
""Let us quickly go from here to Kishkindha, oh, Sugreeva, you move in advance, and on going there you invite that Vali, one redolent of your brotherhood." So said Rama to Sugreeva. [4-12-13]
This word bhaatrgandhin is a unique expression for 'name sake,' and is said to be anarthaka bhaatR^i vyapadeshamwhere an+arthaka is not, meaningful - meaningless; bhaatR^i brotherhood's; vyapadesham nomenclature. '
A meaningless nomenclature called a brother' for that brother who has no brotherliness for his brothers. Sugreeva do have such a brother Vali, from whom he got the redolence of cruelty alone, but not any brotherliness. Rama Tilaka.
sarve te tvaritam gatvā kiṣkindhām vālinaḥ purīm |
vṛkṣaiḥ ātmānam āvṛtya hi atiṣṭhan gahane vane || 4-12-14
14. te sarve vaalinaH puriim kiSkindhaam = they, all, to Vali's, city, to Kishkindha; tvaritam gatvaa = quickly, on going; gahane vane vR^ikSaiH aatmaanam aavR^itya = in thickets, of forests, with trees themselves, covering themselves; atiSThan = stayed waited on.
They all on quickly going to Kishkindha, the city of Vali, hedged themselves in the thickets of forest trees and waited. [4-12-14]
sugrīvo api vyanadad ghoram vālino hvāna kāraṇāt |
gāḍham parihito vegān nādaiḥ bhindan iva aṃbaram || 4-12-15
15. sugriivaH api = Sugreeva, even; gaaDham parihitaH = firmly, tightening [girdle-cloth]; vegaat naadaiH bhindan ambaram iva = with rapidity, of shouting, to crack, the sky, as though; vaalinaH hvaana kaaraNaat = Vali, to invite, for the purpose of; vyanadat ghoram = shouted, boisterously.
Sugreeva firmly tightened his girdle-cloth for the duel and shouted boisterously for the purpose of inviting Vali for a duel, and his rapidity in shouting appeared as though to crack the sky. [4-12-15]
tam śrutvā ninadam bhrātuḥ kruddho vālī mahābalaḥ |
niṣpapāta susaṃrabdho bhāskaro asta taṭāt iva || 4-12-16
16. mahaabalaH vaalii = great, mighty, Vali; bhraatuH tam ninadam shrutvaa = brother's, that, shouting. on hearing; kruddhaH = is infuriated; su samrabdhaH = impetuously [came out]; asta taTaat bhaaskaraH iva = dusking, from brink, Sun, like; niS papaata = out fallen - fell out.
On hearing his brother's shouting that great mighty Vali is infuriated and impetuously rushed out of his palace chambers, like the sun falling back onto sky from his dusking brink. [4-12-16]
Here Vali is compared with the dusking sun, who is also said to fall back onto the sky before his total dusking into western side. Some say 'because Vali is going to see the dusk of his day this simile is suitable,' while some say that 'Vali is not going to see his dusk of the day now itself hence this is unsuitable.' And some other older mms, contain this simile as toyadaat iva bhaaskaraH i.e., 'came out like blazing sun from behind the black cloud.'
tataḥ sutumulam yuddham vāli sugrīvayoḥ abhūt |
gagane grahayoḥ ghoram budha aṃgārakayoḥ iva || 4-12-17
17. tataH = then; vaali sugriivayoH = between Vali, Sugreeva; gagane budha angaarakayoH grahayoH iva = in skies, among Mercury, Mars, among planets, like; su tumulam ghoram yuddham abhuut = very, tumultuous, awful, fight, occurred;
Then a very tumultuous and awful fight occurred between Vali and Sugreeva, which is like the awful fight between the planets Mercury and Mars in skies. [4-12-17]
"The encounter between Michael and Satan is similarly said to have been as if : "Two planets rushing from aspect malign / Of fiercest opposition in midsky / Should combat, and their jarring spheres / compound." Paradise Lost. Book VI. - So say Griffith.
talaiḥ aśani kalpaiḥ ca vajra kalpaiḥ ca muṣṭibhiḥ |
jaghnatuḥ samare anyonyam bhrātarau krodha mūrcchitau || 4-12-18
18. krodha muurcChitau = in frenzy, convulsed; bhraatarau = among two brothers; ashani kalpaiH = thunderbolts, similar; talaiH = with palms; vajra kalpaiH muSTibhiH = lightning, similar, with fists; samare anyonyam jaghnatuH = in fight, each other battered.
Those two brothers who are convulsed in frenzy battered each other in that fight with their thunderbolt-like palms, and lightning-like fists. [4-12-18]
tato rāmo dhanuṣ pāṇiḥ tau ubhau samudaikṣata |
anyonya sadṛśau vīrau ubhau devau iva aśvinau || 4-12-19
19. tataH = then; raamaH dhanuS paaNiH = Rama, with bow, wielding in hand; devau ashvinau ubhau iva = gods, Ashwin, twins, like; anyonya sadR^ishau = each other, similar to the other; tau ubhau viirau samudaikshata [sam ut iikshata] = those two, valiant ones, watched them.
Then Rama wielding bow in his hand watched those valiant ones that are alike in their appearance, like the Ashwin twins among gods. [4-12-19]
The Twins of Gemini, as known in European astronomy by names Castor and Pollux, or the Dioskuri are the Ashwin twins of Hindus.
yat na avagacchat sugrīvam vālinam vā api rāghavaḥ |
tato na kṛtavān buddhim moktum antakaram śaram || 4-12-20
20. raaghavaH = Raghava; sugriivam = Sugreeva; vaalinam vaa api = Vali, or, either; yat = by which reason; na avagacChat = not, descried; tataH = thereby; anta karam sharam = end, making [deadening,] arrow moktum = to release; buddhim = mind; na kR^itavaan = not, made.
For which reason Raghava could not differentiate between Sugreeva or Vali, for the same reason did not make up his mind to release his arrow, otherwise it would have been a deadening arrow, as confusion is the only reason for Rama. [4-12-20]
etasmin antare bhagnaḥ sugrīvaḥ tena vālinā |
apaśyan rāghavam nātham ṛśyamūkam pradudruve || 4-12-21
21. etasmin antare = in the, while; tena vaalinaa = by that, Vali; bhagnaH sugriivaH = broken - whacked, Sugreeva; naatham = the benefactor; raaghavam = Raghava; a pashyan = not, seeing; R^ishyamuukam pra dudruve = to Rishyamuka, immediately, fled to.
Meanwhile Sugreeva is unable to spot out his benefactor Raghava as Vali whacked him down, and thereby he immediately fled to Mt. Rishyamuka. [4-12-21]
klānto rudhira sikta aṃgo prahāraiḥ jarjarī kṛtaḥ |
vālinā abhidrutaḥ krodhāt praviveśa mahāvanam || 4-12-22
22. vaalinaa krodhaat abhi drutaH = by Vali, by fury, confronted / ran chasing; klaantaH rudhira sikta angaH = debilitated, blood, soaking, body-parts; prahaaraiH jarjarii kR^itaH = by thwacking, enervate, made into [enervated]; that Sugreeva; pravivesha mahaavanam = entered, great forest.
Sugreeva is debilitated and enervated by Vali's thwacking till his limbs soaked in blood, and he entered the great forest of Rishyamuka as Vali chased him. [4-12-22]
tam praviṣṭam vanam dṛṣṭvā vālī śāpa bhayāt tataḥ |
mukto hi asi tvam iti uktvā sa nivṛtto mahābalaḥ || 4-12-23
23. vanam praviSTam tam dR^iSTvaa = forest, entered, him [Sugreeva,] on seeing; mahaabalaH saH vaalii = great mighty, he that, Vali; tvam muktaH asi hi = you are, let off, indeed; iti uktvaa = thus, saying; shaapa bhayaat tataH nivR^ittaH = by curse's, fear, from there, returned.
On seeing Sugreeva's entry into the forest of Rishyamuka, Vali said to him "you are let off for now..." and saying so he returned to Kishkindha from there in view of fear from curse of Sage Matanga. [4-12-23]
rāghavo api saha bhrātrā saha caiva hanūmatā |
tadeva vanam āgacchat sugrīvo yatra vānaraḥ || 4-12-24
24. raaghavaH api = Raghava, also; saha bhraatraa = with, brother [Lakshmana]; hanuumataa ca saha eva = Hanuma, with, also, like that; yatra vaanaraH sugriivaH = where, monkey, Sugreeva is there; tat eva vanam aagacChat = to that, forest, alone, he came.
Raghava also came to that forest, along with his brother Lakshmana and along with Hanuma, where that monkey Sugreeva fled. [4-12-24]
tam samīkṣya āgatam rāmam sugrīvaḥ saha lakṣmaṇam |
hrīmān dīnam uvāca idam vasudhām avalokayan || 4-12-25
25. sugriivaH = Sugreeva; aagatam saha lakSmaNam = one who arrived, with, Lakshmana; tam raamam samiikSya = him, that Rama, on seeing; hriimaan vasudhaam avalokayan = ashamed one, ground, while looking at; diinam uvaaca idam = piteously, spoke, this.
Seeing the arrival of Rama with Lakshmana, Sugreeva ashamedly turned his eyes down to earth and piteously spoke this without eyeing Rama [4-12-25]
āhvayasva iti mām uktvā darśayitvā ca vikramam |
vairiṇā ghātayitvā ca kim idānīm tvayā kṛtam || 4-12-26
26. aahvayasva iti maam uktvaa = invite [Vali,] thus, to me, on saying [encouraging]; darshayitvaa ca vikramam = showing, also, dexterity; vairiNaa ghaatayitvaa ca = by enemy, got battered; tvayaa idaaniim kim kR^itam = by you, now, what is, done.
"Showing your dexterity you encouraged me to invite Vali for fight, but you got me battered by my enemy, what is this done by you." [4-12-26]
tām eva velām vaktavyam tvayā rāghava tattvataḥ |
vālinam na nihanmi iti tato na aham ito vraje || 4-12-27
27. Raaghava = oh, Raghava; taam velaam eva = at that, time, only; vaalinam na nihanmi = Vali, I do not, kill, iti tattvataH tvayaa vaktavyam = thus, truly, by you, should have been told; tataH = then; aham itaH na vraje = I, to here, would not, have come.
"You should have truly made it known at that time only, oh, Raghava, that you will not kill Vali, then I would not have come here, to Kishkindha. [4-12-27]
tasya ca evam bruvāṇasya sugrīvasya mahātmanaḥ |
karuṇam dīnayā vācā rāghavaḥ punar abravīt || 4-12-28
28. mahaatmanaH tasya sugriivasya = great-souled one, of that, Sugreeva; diinayaa vaacaa = with pathetic, words; karuNam evam bruvaaNasya = woefully, this way, while saying; raaghavaH punaH abraviit = Raghava, again, said.
Rama replied that great-souled Sugreeva who is speaking woefully with pathetic words in this way. [4-12-28]
sugrīva śrūyatām tāta krodhaḥ ca vyapanīyatām |
kāraṇam yena bāṇo ayam sa mayā na visarjitaḥ || 4-12-29
29. taata sugriiva = dear, Sugreeva; yena = by which reason; saH ayam baaNaH = this, that, arrow - the arrow such as this; mayaa na visarjitaH = by me, not, let off; kaaraNam shruuyataam = reason, be heard; krodhaH vyapaniiyataam [vi apa niiyataam] = anger, be, aside, distanced - discarded.
"Sugreeva, by which reason I have not let-off an arrow such as that of mine, that reason may be heard and let the anger be discarded. [4-12-29]
alaṃkāreṇa veṣeṇa pramāṇena gatena ca |
tvam ca sugrīva vālī ca sadṛśau sthaḥ parasparam || 4-12-30
30. alamkaareNa = by ornamentation; veSeNa = by attire; pramaaNena = in physicality gatena ca = by movements, also; tvam ca = you, and; sugriiva = oh, Sugreeva; vaalii ca = Vali, also; parasparam sadR^ishau sthaH = to each other, resemble, you both are there.
"By ornamentation, attire, physicality and movements, you and Vali look-alike. [4-12-30]
svareṇa varcasā ca eva prekṣitena ca vānara |
vikrameṇa ca vākyaiḥ ca vyaktim vām na upalakṣaye || 4-12-31
31. vaanara = oh monkey; svareNa = by voice; varcasaa = by bodily glow; ca eva = also, thus; prekSitena = by your looking; vikrameNa ca vaakyaiH ca = by bravery, also, by speech; vaam vyaktim na upalakSaye = among you, difference, not, spotted.
"By your voice, bodily glow also thus in your looking, also in bravery and in speech, oh monkey, I could not mark any difference. [4-12-31]
tato aham rūpa sādṛśyāt mohito vānarottama |
na utsṛjāmi mahāvegam śaram śatru nibarhaṇam || 4-12-32
32. vaanara uttama = oh, monkey, the best; tataH = thereby; ruupa saadR^ishyaat mohitaH = by personalities, similarity, confused; aham = I; mahaa vegam = great, speeded; shatru nibarhaNam = enemy, annihilating one; sharam = arrow; na utsR^ijaami = not, released.
"Thereby, oh, great monkey, I have not released this great speeded and enemy annihilating arrow of mine as I was confused in the similarity of your personalities. [4-12-32]
jīvita antakaram ghoram sādṛśyāt tu viśaṃkitaḥ |
mūlaghāto na nau syāddhi dvayoḥ iti kṛto mayā || 4-12-33
33. saadR^ishyaat tu = by similarity, but; vi shankitaH = being ambiguous; jiivita antakaram ghoram = life, terminator, ghastly one; [arrow I did not release]; nau dvayoH muula ghaataH syaat hi = = to two of us, basic [object,] ruined, it will be, isn't it; hence; iti maya kR^itaH = thus [ thinking,] by me, not done.
"I was ambiguous by your similarities, as such I have not released this ghastly and life-taking arrow, otherwise the basic object of ours will be ruined, isn't it. [4-12-33]
tvayi vīra vipanne hi ajñān lāghavān mayā |
mauḍhyam ca mama bālyam ca khyāpitam syāt kapīsvara || 4-12-34
34. viira = oh, brave one; kapiisvara = oh, monkey's, lord; a j~naat = un, knowingly - by my unawareness; laaghavaat = by [my] fallacy; tvayi vipanne = you, when you become afflicted with hazard; maya = by me; mama = my; mauDhyam ca baalyam ca = imbecility, also; my, naivety, also; khyaapitam syaat = established, they will be [isn't it.]
"When my unawareness and fallacy hazardously afflicts none but you in the form of my own arrow, oh, brave lord of monkeys, then I will be establishing my own imbecility and naivety, isn't it. [4-12-34]
datta abhaya vadho nāma pātakam mahat adbhutam |
aham ca lakṣmaṇaḥ ca eva sīta ca varavarṇinī || 4-12-35
tvat adhīnā vayam sarve vane asmin śaraṇam bhavān |
35, 36a. datta abhaya vadhaH naama = given, protection, killing, means [killing one who is protected means]; paatakam mahat adbhutam = sin, highest, terrifying; aham ca lakshmaNaH ca eva = myself, also, Lakshmana, thus; vara varNinii siita ca = of exquisite, glow, Seetha, also; vayam sarve tvat adhiinaa = we, all, are under your, control - dependent on you; bhavaan asmin vane sharaNam = you are, in forest, this one, shelter,
"Eliminating one who is protected means a terrifying sin of highest order, even so, myself and Lakshmana and also thus Seetha with her exquisite glow are all dependent on you, and you are our shelterer in this forest. [4-12-35, 36a]
tasmāt yudhyasva bhūyastvam mā śaṃkī ca vānara || 4-12-36
etan muhūrte tu mayā paśya vālinam āhave |
nirastam iṣuṇā ekena veṣṭamānam mahītale || 4-12-37
36. vaanara = oh, monkey; tasmaat tvam bhuuyaH yudhyasva = therefore, you, again, fight; maa = me; maa shankii = don't, doubt; etat muhuurte tu = at this, moment, only; mayaa = by me; aahave = in fight; ekena iSuNaa nirastam = with single, arrow, reneder him ineffective; mahii tale veSTamaanam = on earth's, surface, squirming; vaalinam pashya = Vali, you may see.
"Therefore, oh, monkey, again you fight with him without doubting me, and I will render him ineffective at this moment only with a single arrow of mine, and you can see Vali squirming on the ground. [4-12-36, 37],
abhijñānam kuruṣva tvam ātmano vānareśvara |
yena tvām abhijānīyām dvandva yuddham upāgatam || 4-12-38
38. vaanareshvara = oh, monkey's, lord; aatmanaH abhij~naanam kuruSva tvam = for yourself, identity, make, you; yena tvaam abhijaaniiyaam = by which, you, be identified; dvandva yuddham upaagatam tvaam = in duel, fight, engaged in, you.
"You have an identification for yourself, oh lord of monkeys, by which you can be identified when you are engaged in duel. [4-12-38]
gaja puṣpīm imām phullām utpāṭya śubha lakṣaṇām |
kuru lakṣmaṇa kaṇṭhe asya sugrīvasya mahātmanaḥ || 4-12-39
39. lakSmaNa = oh, Lakshmana; imaam phullaam shubha akSaNaam gaja puSpiim = these, bloomed, beautiful, in their aspect, gaja, creeper; utpaaTya = on extracting - picking up; mahaatmanaH asya sugriivasya = noble-souled one, his, Sugreeva's; kaNThe kuru = around neck, you make you [place.]
"Lakshmana, pick up this gaja creeper that is beautiful in its appearance and let this noble souled Sugreeva be garlanded with that." So said Rama to Lakshmana. [4-12-39]
tato giri taṭe jātām utpāṭya kusumāyutām |
lakṣmaṇo gaja puṣpīm tām tasya kaṇṭhe vyasarjayat || 4-12-40
40. tataH = then; lakSmaNaH = Lakshmana; giri taTe jaataam = at mountain, step, growing; kusuma aayutaam = flowers, together with; taam gaja puSpiim utpaaTya = that, gaja, creeper, on plucking; tasya kaNThe vyasarjayat [vi ava sarjayat] = his [Sugreeva's], around neck, slung it.
Then Lakshmana plucked that gaja creeper with flowers growing at the foot of the mountain, and slung it like a garland around the neck of that Sugreeva. [4-12-40] n
sa tathā śuśubhe śrīmān latayā kaṇṭha saktayā |
mālayā iva balākānām sasaṃdhya iva toyadaḥ || 4-12-41
41. shriimaan = prosperous one [Sugreeva]; saH kaNTha saktayaa = he, with creeper, around neck; latayaa = with creeper; sa sandhya = with, sunset [colour]; toya daH = water-giver [black cloud]; balaakaanaam maalayaa iva = with herons, train of, like; shushubhe = shone forth.
He that prosperous Sugreeva with that flowery-creeper adorning his neck then shone forth like a black rain cloud against a backdrop of rich ochry colour of sunset, and with a train of herons adorning that cloud like a garland. [4-12-41]
vibhrājamāno vapuṣā rāma vākya samāhitaḥ |
jagāma saha rāmeṇa kiṣkiṃdhām punarāpa saḥ || 4-12-42
42. vapuSaa vi bhraajamaanaH = by physique, verily effulgent; saH = he that Sugreeva; raama vaakya samaahitaH = by Rama's, words, emboldened; saha raameNa = with, Rama; jagaama punaH kiSkindhaam = advanced, again, to Kishkindha; aapa = he reached it.
He that Sugreeva whose physique became effulgent by that creeper-garland is again emboldened by Rama's words, and he again advanced to Kishkindha with Rama, and reached it again. [4-12-42]
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iti vālmīki rāmāyaṇe ādi kāvye kiṣkindha kāṇḍe dvādaśaḥ sargaḥ
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© 2001, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : April 04