Vashishta offers hospitality to Vishvamitra and his armies. Even though the King Vishvamitra is disinclined to pressurise a hermit with such a burdensome affair of hospitality to hosts, Vashishta entreats the king to accept. Vishvamitra had to oblige the same. Vashishta summons his do-all Divine Sacred Cow, Shabala, also known as Kaamadhenu, requests her to generate heaps of tasteful foodstuffs for a royal banquet as well as for military rations.
tam dṛṣhṭvā parama prīto viśhvāmitro mahābalaḥ |
praṇato vinayāt vīro vasiṣhṭham japatām varam || 1-52-1
1. mahaabalaH viiraH vishvaamitraH = great-mighty, valorous one, Vishvamitra; japataam varam = [who is] among meditators, the best sage; tam vasiSTham dR^iSTvaa = him, Vashishta, on seeing; parama priitaH = is highly, rejoiced; vinayaat praNataH = obediently, made an obeisance.
On seeing at that best sage among best meditators Sage Vashishta, the great-mighty and valorous Vishvamitra is highly rejoiced and obediently made an obeisance to the sage. [1-52-1]
svāgatam tava cha iti ukto vasiṣhṭhena mahātmanā |
āsanam cha asya bhagavān vasiṣhṭho vyādideśha ha || 1-52-2
2. tava svaagatam = to thee, welcome; iti mahaa aatmanaa vasiSThena uktaH = thus, by great-souled, Vashishta, is spoken to [Vishvamitra]; bhagavaan vasiSThaH = godly, Vashishta; asya aasanam ca vyaadidesha ha = to him [to Vishvamitra, ] seat, also, ordering [showing,] indeed.
The great-souled Vashishta spoke, "you are welcome," and that godly sage has indeed shown a high seat to Vishvamitra. [1-52-2]
upaviṣhṭāya cha tadā viśhvāmitrāya dhīmate |
yathā nyāyam muni varaḥ phala mūlam upāharat || 1-52-3
3. tadaa = then; muni varaH = saint, eminent; upaviSTaaya dhiimate vishvaamitraaya = to one who is sitting, courageous one, to Vishvamitra; yathaa nyaayam = according, to custom; phala muulam upaaharat = fruits, tubers, submitted - offered.
The eminent saint Vashishta then customarily offered fruits and tuber to the courageous Vishvamitra who by now has assumed a seat. [1-52-3]
pratigṛhya tu tām pūjām vasiṣhṭhāt rāja sattamaḥ |
tapo agni hotra śhiṣhyeṣhu kuśhalam paryapṛchchhata || 1-52-4
viśhvāmitro mahātejā vanaspati gaṇe tathā |
sarvatra kuśhalam cha āha vasiṣhṭho rāja sattamam || 1-52-5
4. raaja sattamaH = king, unsurpassed; mahaatejaa = great-resplendent one; vishvaamitraH = Vishvamitra; vasiSThaat = from Vashishta; taam puujaam pratigR^ihya = that, deference, on receiving; tapaH agni hotra shiSyeSu = concerning ascesis, fire, rituals, disciples; tathaa = likewise; vanaspati gaNe = regarding trees, clumps of - of flora and implied fauna of hermitage; kushalam = well being; paryapR^icChata = in turn asked after; vasiSThaH = Vashishta; sarvatra kushalam ca = all round, well-being, also; raaja sattamam aaha = to king, the matchless, said - reported.
On receiving that deference from Vashishta, then that unsurpassed king Vishvamitra asked after the well-being of the ascesis, Fire-rituals and disciples and their progress in that hermitage, and that great-resplendent Vishvamitra has also asked after the well being of flora and fauna of the hermitage, and Vashishta reported to the matchless king about the all round well-being of every activity. [1-52-4, 5]
sukha upaviṣhṭam rājānam viśhvāmitram mahātapāḥ |
paprachchha japatām śhreṣhṭho vasiṣhṭho brahmaṇaḥ sutaḥ || 1-52-6
6. japataam shreSThaH = among meditators, supreme one; mahaatapaaH = great-ascetic; brahmaNaH sutaH vasiSThaH = Brahma's, son [brainchild,] Vashishta; sukha upaviSTam = at ease, on sitting; raajaanam vishvaamitram = to king, Vishvamitra; papracCha = asked.
Vashishta the supreme one among meditators, a great-ascetic, and the brainchild of Brahma has then asked Vishvamitra who is sitting at ease. [1-52-6]
kachchit te kuśhalam rājan kachchit dharmeṇa raṃjayan |
prajāḥ pālayase rājan rāja vṛttena dhārmika || 1-52-7
7. raajan = oh, king; te kushalam kaccit = to you, well-being, I hope - All is well!; raajan = oh, king; dhaarmikaH = as a righteous one; prajaaH dharmeNa ranjayan = people, righteously, while satisfying to their contentment; raaja vR^ittena = by kingly, righteousness; paalayase kaccit = are you ruling, hopefully.
" 'I hope that you are fine! And oh, righteous king, hope that you are ruling people righteously with kingly righteousness to their contentment. [1-52-7]
The kingly righteousness is one component among the four primary concerns of the kingcraft as said at: nyaayena aarjanam arthasya varthanam paalanam tathaa | sat paatre pratipattiH ca raaja vR^ittam catur vidham || 'monies are to be earned righteously, they are to be enriched righteously, and safeguarded righteously, and they are to be endowed to righteous deeds or persons, for welfare of the state, righteously...'
kachchit te subhṛtā bhṛtyāḥ kachchit tiṣhṭhanti śhāsane |
kachchit te vijitāḥ sarve ripavo ripu sūdana || 1-52-8
8. te bhR^ityaaH = your, servants; su bhR^itaa kaccit = well-served - are they looked after well, I hope; shaasane tiSThanti kaccit = by rulership, abiding, I hope; ripu suudana = oh, adversary, vanquisher of; te ripavaH = your, enemies; sarve = all of them; vi jitaaH = surely, vanquished; kaccit = I hope.
" 'I hope your servants are looked after well, hope all of them are abiding by the rulership, oh, vanquisher of adversaries, I hope that you have surely vanquished all of your adversaries. [1-52-8]
kachchit bale cha kośhe cha mitreṣhu cha paraṃtapa |
kuśhalam te nara vyāghra putra pautre tathā anagha || 1-52-9
9. parantapa = oh, enemy-inflamer; anagha = oh, impeccable one; nara vyaaghra = oh, man, tigerly; bale ca koshe ca mitreSu ca = in forces, and, in exchequer, and, among friends [confederates,] also; tathaa = likewise; te putra pautre = your, in sons, in grandsons; kushalam kaccit = well-being, I hope.
" 'For you are an impeccable one and an emery-inflamer, oh, tigerly-man, I hope that your forces, exchequer and confederates are fine, and all is well with your sons and grandsons." Thus Vashishta asked the well-being of Vishvamitra. [1-52-9]
sarvatra kuśhalam rājā vasiṣhṭham pratyudāharat |
viśhvāmitro mahātejā vasiṣhṭham vinaya anvitam || 1-52-10
10. mahaatejaa raajaa vishvaamitra = great-resplendent, king, Vishvamitra; vasiSTham vinaya anvitam = to Vashishta, respect, having - respectfully; sarvatra kushalam = everywhere, fineness - everything is fine; vasiSTham = to Vashishta; prati udaaharat= in turn [in reply,] exemplified - replied.
"The great-resplendent king Vishvamitra respectfully replied Sage Vashishta saying, 'everything is fine.' [1-52-10]
kṛtvā tau suchiram kālam dharmiṣhṭhau tāḥ kathāḥ tadā |
mudā paramayā yuktau prīyetām tau parasparam || 1-52-11
11. dharma iSThau = conscientious celebrities of; tau [ubhau] = both of them; paramayaa mudaa yuktau = heightened, rejoice, along with; su ciram kaalam = for a very, long, time; taaH kathaaH = those, stories [pleasantries]; tadaa kR^itvaa = thus, on making [exchanging]; tau = those two; parasparam - paraH aparam = one, another; priiyetaam = gladdened.
"Both of those celebrities of conscientious then exchanged pleasantries for a long time with their rejoice heightening and gladdening one another. [1-52-11]
tato vasiṣhṭho bhagavān kathā ante raghunaṃdana |
viśhvāmitram idam vākyam uvācha prahasan iva || 1-52-12
12. raghunandana = oh, legatee of Raghu - Rama; tataH = then; bhagavaan vasiSThaH = godly sage, Vashishta; kathaa ante = story, at end [of discussions]; prahasan iva = smilingly, like; vishvaamitram idam vaakyam uvaaca = to Vishvamitra, this, sentence, spoke.
"Then at the end of discussions, oh, Rama the legatee of Raghu, that godly Sage Vashishta smilingly spoke this sentence to Vishvamitra. [1-52-12]
ātithyam kartum ichchhāmi balasya asya mahābala |
tava cha eva aprameyasya yathā arham saṃpratīchchha me || 1-52-13
13. mahaabalaH = oh, great-forceful one - Vishvamitra; asya balasya = to this, military force; a prameyasya = without, a match [matchless one]; tava ca eva = to you, also, as well; yathaa arham = as, befitting - to your status; aatithyam kartum icChaami = guestship, to do [to offer,] I wish to[ me = from me; sampratiicCha [sam prati icCha = well, in turn, you accede] = kindly accede to it.
" 'I wish to offer guestship befitting to your status, oh, great-forceful king Vishvamitra, to a matchless one like you and to this military force of yours, kindly accept it from me. [1-52-13]
satkriyām tu bhavān etām pratīchchhatu mayā kṛtām |
rājan tvam atithi śhreṣhṭhaḥ pūjanīyaḥ prayatnataḥ || 1-52-14
14. bhavaan = you; mayaa kR^itaam = by me, done [offered]; etaam sat kriyaam tu = all these, good, works [hospitalities,] on their part; pratiicChatu = kindly take - accept; raajan = oh, king; tvam = you are; prayatnataH puujaniiyaH = one to be reverenced, effortfully; atithi shreSThaH = guest, important.
" 'You may kindly accept all these hospitalities offered by me, oh king, for you are an important guest you ought to be reverenced effortfully.' So said Vashishta to Vishvamitra. [1-52-14]
'It is quiet meaningless on the part of this sage, subsisting on wild fruits and tubers, to offer a royal banquet or rations to military and feed to horses and elephants' - is the thinking of King Vishvamitra. For that, the sage is saying that a king is to be reverenced 'effortfully...' But, Vishvamitra is reluctantly evading the so-called hospitality for 'royals' and 'armies' from a poor hermit.
evam ukto vasiṣhṭhena viśhvāmitro mahāmatiḥ |
kṛtam iti abravīt rājā pūjā vākyena me tvayā || 1-52-15
15. vasiSThena evam uktaH = by Vashishta, thus, said - to the sage; mahaamatiH raajaa vishvaamitraH = highly intellectual, king, Vishvamitra; tvayaa = by you; puujaa vaakyena = with [just by] reverential, words; me = to me; kR^itam = done[hospitality is deemed to have been offered - and nothing more is required; iti abraviit = thus, said.
"When sage Vashishta said in this way, that highly-intellectual king Vishvamitra said to him, 'hospitality is deemed to have been offered to me with your reverential words, it is enough and nothing more is necessary.' [1-52-15]
phala mūlena bhagavan vidyate yat tava āśhrame |
pādyena āchamanīyena bhagavad darśhanena cha || 1-52-16
sarvathā cha mahāprājña pūjā arheṇa supūjitaḥ |
namaste astu gamiṣhyāmi maitreṇa īkṣhasva chakṣhuṣhā || 1-52-17
16. bhagavan = oh, godly sage; yat tava aashrame vidyate = what, in your, hermitage, obtains; with such; phala muulena = with fruits, tubers; paadyena aacamaniiyena = by water for feet-wash, by water for wetting mouth; bhagavat darshanena ca = godlike [you,] by [the very] visualisation, also; puujaa arheNa = [by you who are] for reverence, worthy; su puujitaH = [I am] well, reverenced; mahaa praaj~naH = oh, highly, noetic sage; gamiSyaami = I wish to go; te namaH astu = to you, obeisance, let there be [ le it be accepted]; sarvathaa = always; maitreNa cakSuSaa iikSasva = with a friendly, eye [regard,] you look upon [us.]
" 'I am entertained with whatever item that obtains in your hermitage, say fruits, tubers and water for feet-wash and to wet mouth. Why those petty items, I regaled just by seeing you, a godly sage like. Oh, highly noetic sage, by yourself you are a sage worthy to be reverenced by one and all, such as you are you alone have reverenced me. Now I wish to take leave, please accept my obeisance to you, and please look upon us with a friendlily regard. [1-52-16, 17]
The reverential salutation namas te astu is discussed in the endnote.
evam bruvantam rājānam vasiṣhṭhaḥ punaḥ eva hi |
nyamaṃtrayata dharmātmā punaḥ punaḥ udāra dhīḥ || 1-52-18
18. evam bruvantam raajaanam = in this way, [obliquely] speaking, to king; dharmaatmaa = virtue-souled one; udaara dhiiH = benevolent, minded [magnanimous sage]; vasiSThaH = Vashishta; punaH eva hi = again, thus, indeed; punaH punaH = again, again [repeatedly]; nyamantrayata = entreated.
Even if the king was speaking in this way obliquely to him, that virtue-souled and magnanimous sage Vashishta entreated the king repeatedly. [1-52-18]
bāḍham iti eva gādheyo vasiṣhṭham pratyuvācha ha |
yathā priyam bhagavataḥ tathā astu muni sattama || 1-52-19
19. gaadheyaH = Gaadhi's son - Vishvamitra; vasiSTham = to Vashishta; said this; muni sattama = oh, saint, eminent; baaDham = Agreed!; bhagavataH yathaa priyam = to godlike you, as to how, it will be pleasing; tathaa astu = so, be it; iti prati uvaaca ha = thus, in turn, spoke [replied,] indeed.
"Gaadhi's son Vishvamitra then replied the eminent saint Vashishta, "Agreed! As it pleases the godly sage. So be it!' [1-52-19]
evam uktaḥ tathā tena vasiṣhṭho japatām varaḥ |
ājuhāva tataḥ prītaḥ kalmāṣhīm dhūta kalmaṣhaḥ || 1-52-20
20. tathaa tena evam uktaH = thus, that way, by him [Vishvamitra,] who is said; japataam varaH = among meditators, the best; dhuuta kalmaSaH = one who is laved, of blemishes; vasiSThaH = Vashishta; priitaH = is gladdened; tataH = then; kalmaaSiim = speckled cow [namely Shabala]; aa juhaava = to come, called - started calling.
"When Vishvamitra said that way then Vashishta, the best one among meditators, and one whose blemishes are laved is gladdened, and started calling his speckled cow, namely Shabala, yclept Kaamadhenu. [1-52-20]
ehi ehi śhabale kṣhipram śhṛṇu cha api vacho mama |
sabalasya asya rājarṣheḥ kartum vyavasito asmi aham |
bhojanena mahā arheṇa satkāram saṃvidhatsva me || 1-52-21
21. shabale = oh, amazingly coloured [cow Shabala]; kSipram ehi ehi = quickly, come, come; mama vacaH shR^iNu ca api = my, word, listen, also, even; aham = I; mahaa arheNa bhojanena = with highly, delectable, feast [with a royal banquet]; sa balasya asya raajarSeH = together with, [all] forces, his, to kingly-sage; satkaaram kartum vyavasitaH asmi = hospitality, to do [to accord,] prepared, I am; me samvidhatsva = for me, you arrange for it.
" 'Come on, oh, Shabala! Come quickly and listen to my words. I prepared to accord hospitality with a highly delectable royal banquet to this kingly sage together with all his forces. You arrange it for me. [1-52-21]
yasya yasya yathā kāmam ṣhaḍ raseṣhu abhipūjitam |
tat sarvam kāma dhuk divye abhivarṣha kṛte mama || 1-52-22
22. divye kaama dhuk = oh, divine, desires, milker [cow]; yasya yasya = whose, whose; [yadyad = yat yat = what, what - whatever]; abhipuujitam = cherished - savoured; SaD raseSu = from among - six, savours; tat sarvam = that, in entirety p- plentifully; yathaa kaamam = as, [he] wishes [as per his piquancy]; kR^ite mama = owing to, me - for my sake; abhivarSa = now shower.
"Oh, Kaamadhenu, the Divine Cow, the Milker of All-Desires, for my sake you shower whatsoever foodstuff is savoured by whosoever according to one's own piquancy from each of the six savour, that too plentifully. [1-52-22]
The six tastes that shall comprise an Indian meal are: 1] caustic, 2] acidic, 3] sweetish, 4] salty, 5] un-sweetish [bitter,] and 6] alkaline.
rasena annena pānena lehya choṣhyeṇa saṃyutam |
annānām nichayam sarvam sṛjasva śhabale tvara || 1-52-23
23. shabale = oh, Shabala; rasena annena paanena = with savourily, masticable, drinkables; lehya = [with dishes that can be] licked; coSyeNa = [that can be] sucked; samyutam = comprised of; sarvam anaanaam nicayam = every kind of, foodstuffs, heaps of; sR^ijasva = you create; tvara = be quick.
" 'Oh, Shabala, you create heaps of savourily foodstuffs comprised of masticable items like crunchy foods, drinkable items like soft-drinks, tasteable items like honey-like viscous dishes, squeezable items like pulpy fruits, and be quick.' " So said Sage Vashishta to that Sacred Cow, Kaamadhenu, and Vishvamitra continued his narration. [1-52-23]