Rama describes the beauty of Chitrakuta mountain to Seetha. He delightfully shows her the various colourful minerals, several kinds of birds and animals, several type of trees with flowers and fruit, as also the enchanting springs and Cascades in the mountain. Thus, he also diverts his own mind in seeing that captivating scenery.
dīrgha kāla uṣitaḥ tasmin girau giri vana priyaḥ |
videhyāḥ priyamākānkṣan svam ca cittam vilobhayan || 2-94-1
atha dāśarathiḥ citram citra kūṭam adarśayat |
bhāryām amara samkāśaḥ śacīm iva puram daraḥ || 2-94-2
1;2. tataH = thereafter; daasharathiH = Rama; amara samkaashaH = who resembled a God; girivana priyaH = who liked mountains and groves; diirgha kaalositaH = having dwelt for sometime; tasmin = on that; girau = mountain; aakaaN^kSan = who desired; vaidehyaaH = Seetha's; priyam = happiness; vilobhayan = delightful; svam = to his own; chittam = mind; adarshayat = began to point out; chitra kuuTam = of Citrakuta; bhaaryaam = to his consort; puramdaraH iva = as Indra the god of celestials; (converses); shachiimiva = with Shachi the wife of Indra (saying:)
Having dwelt for some time in that mountain, Rama, who resembled God, who liked mountains and groves, who desired Seetha's happiness and himself delightful in his mind, began to point out the beauty of Chitrakuta to his consort, as Indra the god of celestials converses with Shachi the wife of Indra, saying:
na rājyād bhraṃśanam bhadre na suhṛdbhir vinā bhavaḥ |
mano me bādhate dṛṣṭvā ramaṇīyam imam girim || 2-94-3
3. oh bhadre = O; my good lady!; dR^iSTvaa = by seeing; imam = this; ramaNiiyam = beautiful; girim = mountain; na = neither; bhramshanam = the loss; raajyaat = of the kingdom; na = nor; suhR^idbhirvineabhavaH = the non-existence of friends; baadhate = distresses; memanaH = my mind.
"O, my good lady! By seeing this beautiful mountain, neither the loss of kingdom nor the non-existence of friends distresses my mind."
paśya imam acalam bhadre nānā dvija gaṇa āyutam |
śikharaiḥ kham iva udviddhair dhātumadbhir vibhūṣitam || 2-94-4
4. bhadre = O; my good lady!; pashya = Behold; imam achalam = this mountain; naanaa dvijagaNaayutam = abounding with flocks of birds of every kind; dhaatumadbhiH = where minerals lie; vibhuuSitam = crowned; shikharaiH = with peaks; udviddhairiva = that seem to project upwards; kham = to the sky.
"O, my good lady! Behold this mountain, abounding with flocks of birds of every kind where minerals lie and crowned with peaks that seem to project upwards to the sky."
kecid rajata samkāśāḥ kecit kṣataja samnibhāḥ |
pīta mājjistha varnāḥ ca kecin mani vara prabhāḥ || 2-94-5
puṣya arka ketuka ābhāḥ ca kecij jyotī rasa prabhāḥ |
virājante acala indrasya deśā dhātu vibhūṣitāḥ || 2-94-6
5; 6. kechit = some; deshaaH = areas; achalendrasya = of the mountain; dhaatu vibhuuSitaaH = are crowned with minerals; rajata samkaashaaH = having appearance of silver; kechit = some; kSata sannibhaaH = resembling blood; piitamaaNjiSTa varNaashcha = some yellowish; some red as madder in colour; kechit = some; maNivara prabhaaH = sparkle like precious stones; puSpaarka ketakaabhaashcha = some possessing the luster of topaz and crystal and the hue of Ketaka flower; kechit viraajante = and some sparkle; jyotirasaprabhaaH = with the splendour of a kind of gem called Jyotirasa.
"Some areas of the mountain are encrusted with minerals, having appearance of silver, some resembling blood, some yellowish, some red as madder, some sparkle like precious stones, some possessing, the luster of topaz and crystal and a hue of Ketaka flower and some sparkle with the splendour of a kind of gem called Jyotirasa."
nanā mṛga gaṇa dvīpi tarakṣu ṛkṣa gaṇair vṛtaḥ |
aduṣṭair bhāty ayam śailo bahu pakṣi samākulaḥ || 2-94-7
7. ayam = shailaH = this mountain; vR^itaH = is filled with; aduSTaiH = tame; naana mR^igagaNa = beasts of every kind; dviipitarakSvR^ikSagaNaiH = tigers; panthers and bears; bhaati = and is enlivened; bahu pakSi samaayutaH = by a flock of many birds.
"The mountain is filled with tame beasts of every kind, tigers, panthers and bears, and is enlivened by a flock of many birds."
āmra jambu asanair lodhraiḥ priyālaiḥ panasair dhavaiḥ |
ankolair bhavya tiniśair bliva tinduka veṇubhiḥ || 2-94-8
kāśmary ariṣṭa varaṇair madhūkaiḥ tilakaiḥ tathā |
badary āmalakair nīpair vetra dhanvana bījakaiḥ || 2-94-9
puṣpavadbhiḥ phala upetaiḥ cāyāvadbhir mano ramaiḥ |
evam ādibhir ākīrṇaḥ śriyam puṣyaty ayam giriḥ || 2-94-10
8; 9; 10. ayam giriH = this mountain; aakirNaH = abounds with; evam aadibhiH = such type of trees as; aamra jambvasanaiH = laden with flowers; phalopetaiH = and fruits; chaayaavadbhiH = affording magnificent shade; manoramaiH- and pleasing to the mind; lodhraiH = Lodhras; priyaalaiH = Priyalas (commonly called Payals); panasaiH = bread-fruit trees; dhavaiH = Dhavas; ankolaiH = Ankolas; bhavyatinishaiH = Bhavyas and Tinisas; bilva tinduka veNubiH = Bilvas (Bel trees)Tindukas and bamboos; kaashmaryaariSTa varuNaiH = Kasmaris; margosas and Varanas; tathaa = and ; madhuukaiH = Madhukas; tilakaiH = Tilakas; badaryaamalakaiH = Jujube trees; embolic myrobalans; niipaiH = Kadambas; vetra dhanvana biijakaiH = cane; Dhanvanas and pomegranates; puSNaati = enhancing; shriyam = its beauty.
"This mountain abounds with such type of trees as mangoes, rose-apples and Asanas laden with flowers and fruits, affording magnificient shade, and pleasing to the mind, Lodhras, Priyalas (commonly called Payals), bread-fruit trees, Dhavas, Ankolas, Bhavyas and Tinisas, Bilvas (Bel trees), Tindukas and bamboos, Kashmaris, margosas and Varaas, Madhukas; Tilaks, jujube trees, emblic myrobalans, Kadamoos, came, Dhanvanas and pomegranates, enhancing its beauty."
śaila prastheṣu ramyeṣu paśya imān kāma harṣaṇān |
kinnarān dvaṃdvaśo bhadre ramamāṇān manasvinaḥ || 2-94-11
11. bhadre = O; my good lady!; pashya = see; imaam = these; kinnaraan = Kinnaras; romaharSaNaan = thrilling to be looked at; manasvinaH = in high spirits; ramamaaNaan = who are wandering; dvandvashaH = in comples; ramyeSu = in lovely; shaila prastheSu = mountain-plains.
"O, my good lady! See these Kinnaras, thrilling to be looked at, in their high spirits, wandering in couples in these lovely mountain-plains."
śākhā avasaktān khaḍgāmḥ ca pravarāṇy ambarāṇi ca |
paśya vidyādhara strīṇām krīḍed deśān mano ramān || 2-94-12
12. pashya = behold; khaDgaamshcha = their swords; shaakhaavasaktaan = hanging on the trees; pravaraaNi = their excellent; ambaraaNicha = clothes; manoharaan = and the charming; kriiDoddeshaan = retreats.
"Behold their swords hanging on the trees, their excellent swords and the charming retreats, where vidyadharas and their women sport."
jala prapātair udbhedair niṣyandaiḥ ca kvacit kvacit |
sravadbhir bhāty ayam śailaḥ sravan mada iva dvipaḥ || 2-94-13
13. ayam = this; shailaH = mountain; bhaati = shines; dvivaH iva = like an elephant; sravanmadaH = with ichors flowing from its forehead; udbhedaiH = as from its crevices; niSpandaishcha = springs; jalapravaahaiH = and cascades; sravidbhiH = flow; kvachit kvachit = here and there.
"This mountain resembles an elephant with ichors flowing from its forehead, as from its crevices, springs and cascades flow here and there."
guhā samīraṇo gandhān nānā puṣpa bhavān vahan |
ghrāṇa tarpaṇam abhyetya kam naram na praharṣayet || 2-94-14
14. kam naram = what sort of man; na praharSayet = would not be filled with delight; guhaasami karaNaH = by these glades; gandhaan = (from which) fragrance; naanaa puSpa bhavaan = of many flowers; vahan = issues; ghraaNatarpaNam = pleasing to the senses?
"Who would not be filled with delight, by these glades from which fragrance of various flowers issues, pleasing to the senses?"
yadi iha śarado anekāḥ tvayā sārdham anindite |
lakṣmaṇena ca vatsyāmi na mām śokaḥ pradhakṣyati || 2-94-15
15. anindite = O; irreproachable lady!; vatsyaani yadi = If I am to live; tvayaa saardham = with you; lakSmaNecha = and Lakshmana; anakaaH = for many; sharadaH = autumns; iha = here; shokaH = grief; na pradhakSyati = will not get the upper hand over; maam = me.
"O, irreproachable lay! If I am live with you and Lakshmana for many autumns here, grief will not overpower me."
bahu puṣpa phale ramye nānā dvija gaṇa āyute |
vicitra śikhare hy asmin ratavān asmi bhāmini || 2-94-16
16. bhaamini = O; Seetha!; asmin = this mountain; bahu puSpa phale = laden with many flowers and fruit; ramye = the enchanting; naanaa dvijagaNaayute = resort of flocks of birds; vichitra shikhare = with its ravishing peaks; asmin hi = I am indeed; ratavaan = captivated.
"O, Seetha! Seeing this mountain laden with many flowers and fruit, the enchanting resort of flocks of birds as also the ravishing peaks of the mountain, I am really captivated."
anena vana vāsena mayā prāptam phala dvayam |
pituḥ ca anṛṇatā dharme bharatasya priyam tathā || 2-94-17
17. anena = vana vaasena = by residing in the forest; phala dvayam = a two-fold advantage; praaptam = is secured; mayaa = by me; anR^iNataa = freedom from debt; pituH = with my father; dharme = in regards my duty; tathaa = and; bharatasya = Bharata's; priyam = happiness.
"By residing in the forest, a two-fold advantage is secured by me; freedom from debt to my father in regards my duty and Bharata's happiness."
vaidehi ramase kaccic citra kūṭe mayā saha |
paśyantī vividhān bhāvān mano vāk kāya samyatān || 2-94-18
18. he vaidehi = O; Seetha!; ramase kachchit = are you happy; mayaa saha = with me; chitrakuuTe = on this Chitrakuta mountain; pashyantii = seeing; vividhaan = various; bhaavaan = objects; mano vaakkaaya sammataan = agreeable to your thought; word and temperament?
"O, Seetha! Are you happy with me on this Chitrakuta mountain, seeing various objects agreeable to your thought word and temperament?"
idam eva amṛtam prāhū rājnām rāja ṛṣayaḥ pare |
vana vāsam bhava arthāya pretya me prapitāmahāḥ || 2-94-19
19. pare = the ancient; raajarSayaH = royal sages; me = my; prapitaamahaaH = paternal great grand-fathers; praahuH = say (that); raaj^Ni = for a king; bhavaarthaaya = to obtain liberation; pretya = after death; idam = this; vanavaasameva = residence as such in the forest; amR^itam = is nectar-like.
"My paternal great grand fathers the ancient royal sages have said that for a king to obtain liberation after death, such a residence in the forest is nectar like."
śilāḥ śailasya śobhante viśālāḥ śataśo abhitaḥ |
bahulā bahulair varṇair nīla pīta sita aruṇaiḥ || 2-94-20
20. shatashaH = hundreds; shilaaH = of rocks; bahulaah = in multitude; vishaalaaH shailasya = of this extensive mountain; shobhante = are shining; abhitaH = around; bahulaiH = in many; varNaiH = colours; mila piita sitaaruNaiH = like blue; yellow; white and red.
"Hundreds and multitude of rocks of this extensive mountain are shining around in multifarious colours like blue, yellow, white and red."
niśi bhānty acala indrasya huta aśana śikhā iva |
oṣadhyaḥ svaprabhā lakṣmyā bhrājamānāḥ sahasraśaḥ || 2-94-21
21. sahasrashaH = thousands of; auSadhyaH = herbs; achalendrasya = of this Chitrakuta mountain; bhraajamaanaaH = glittering svaprabhaalakSmyaa = with their lovely light; bhaanti = are sparkiling; hutaashana shikhaa iva = like points of fire.
"Thousands of herbs of this Chitrakuta mountain, glittering with their lovely light, are sparkling like points of fire."
kecit kṣaya nibhā deśāḥ kecid udyāna samnibhāḥ |
kecid eka śilā bhānti parvatasya asya bhāmini || 2-94-22
22. bhamini = O; Seeta!; kechit = Some; deshaaH = parts; asya = of this; parvatasya = mountain; kSaya nibhaaH = resemble mansions; kechit = some; udyaana sannibhaah = look like parks; kechit = and some; bhaanti = appear; ekashilaaH = like a single pile.
"O, Seetha! Some parts of this mountain resemble mansions, some look like parks and some others appear like a single pile."
bhittvā iva vasudhām bhāti citra kūṭaḥ samutthitaḥ |
citra kūṭasya kūṭo asau dṛśyate sarvataḥ śubhaḥ || 2-94-23
23. chitrakuuTaH = chitrakuta; samutthitaH iva = (appears) as though emerged; bhittvaa = having split; vasudhaam = earth; asau = this; kuuTaH = summit; chitrakuuTasya = of Chitrakuta; dR^ishyate = appears; shubhaH = charming; sarvataH = on all sides.
"Chitrakuta appears as though emerged, having split the earth. This summit of Chitrakuta appears charming on all sides."
kuṣṭha pumnāga tagara bhūrja patra uttarac cadān |
kāminām svāstarān paśya kuśeśaya dala āyutān || 2-94-24
24. pashya = see; kuSTha sthagara punnaaga bhuurja patrottarachchhadaan = how the leaves of lilies; sthagara trees; Punnaga trees and Bhurja trees; kusheshaya dalaayutaan = heaped with flowers of water-lilies; svaastaraan = form the cozy beds; kaaminaam = of voluptuaries.
"See the leaves of lilies, Sthagara trees, Punnaga trees and Bhurja trees heaped with flowers of water-lilies form the cozy beds of voluptuaries."
mṛditāḥ ca apaviddhāḥ ca dṛśyante kamala srajaḥ |
kāmibhir vanite paśya phalāni vividhāni ca || 2-94-25
25. vanite = O; Seetha!; pashya = look at; kamala srajaH = the garlands of lotus-flowers; mR^idi taashcha = Crushed; apaviddhaashcha = and thrown aside; kaamibhiH = by voluptuaries; phalaanicha = and (also) fruits; vividhaani = of every kind; dR^ishyante = being seen.
"O, Seetha! Look at the garlands of lotus-flowers crushed and thrown aside by voluptuaries as also fruits of every kind that have been tasted."
vasvauka sārām nalinīm atyeti iva uttarān kurūn |
parvataḥ citra kūṭo asau bahu mūla phala udakaḥ || 2-94-26
26. asau = this; chitra kuuTaH parvataH = mountain of Chitrakuta; bahumuula phalodakaH = with its abundance of roots fruits and water; atyetiiva = is more beautiful; vasvaukasaaraam = Kubera's capital(Alaka) then Vasvaukasara; naliniim = Nalini the capital of Indra better known as Amaravati; uttaraan kuruun = and uttara kuru the country of Eternal Beatitude.
"This mountain f Chitrakuta with its abundance of roots fruits and water is more beautiful than Vasvankasara better known as Alaka the capital of Kubera the Lord of Riches, Nalini the capital of Indra (the God of celestials) better known as Amaravati and Uttarakuru the country of Eternal Beatitude."
imam tu kālam vanite vijahnivāmḥ |
tvayā ca sīte saha lakṣmaṇena ca |
ratim prapatsye kula dharma vardhinīm |
satām pathi svair niyamaiḥ paraiḥ sthitaḥ || 2-94-27
27. vanite = O; beloed; siite = Seetha; vijahrivaan = Strolling; tvayaa saha = with you; lakSmaNenacha = and Lakshman; imam kaalam = during this period; sthitaH = established; pathi = in the path; sataam- of the pious; paraiH = in highest; niyamaiH = salutary practices; prapatsye = I shall obtain; ratim = joy; kula dharma vardhiniim = enhancing the piety of my race.
"O, Seetha! Strolling with you and Lakshmana during this period of exile, on my part established in the path of the pious, following the highest salutary practices, I shall obtain joy, enhancing the piety of my race."
- - -
ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe caturnavatitamaḥ sargaḥ
|Top of Page||1||2||3||4|
© July 2004, K. M. K. Murthy
What the world says about
mountain and verse
File transported by FREE Go FTP Program