Bharata approaches the sage Bharadwaja and seeks his permission to leave. Bharata asks Bhardwaja the exact route by which he can reach the abode of Rama. Bharadwaja gives the details of the path towards the banks of river Mandakini, situated at the north of Chitrakuta mountain, where Rama is stationed along with Seetha and Lakshmana. Hearing of the journey, Dasaratha's wives approach Bharadwaja and offer their salutations to him. Bharata introduces his mothers one by one to Bharadwaja. While introducing his mother, Kaikeyi to Bharadwaja, Bharata describes Kaikeyi as the root-cause of their family's misfortune. But, the sage Bharadwaja consoles him, saying that the exile of Rama would ultimately result in happiness the sages, celestials and even the demons. Bharata finally bids farewell to the sage and proceeds to Chitrakuta, along with his retinue.
tataḥ tām rajanīm uṣya bharataḥ saparigcchadaḥ |
kṛta ātithyo bharadvājam kāmād abhijagāma ha || 2-92-1
1. tataH = thereafter ; bharataH = Bharata; saparichchhadaH = along with his routine; kR^itaatithyaH = who were hospitably treated (by Bharadwaja); vyuSya = spent; taam rajaniim = that night(there); abhijagaama = and approached; bharadwaajam = Bharadwaja; who had offered oblations in sacred fire; spoke to Bharata the tiger among men; who had come there with joined palms; saying.
Thereafter, Bharata along with his routine, who were treated hospitably, spent that night there and sought out Bharadwaja with fondness.
tam ṛṣiḥ puruṣa vyāghram prekṣya prānjalim āgatam |
huta agni hotro bharatam bharadvājo abhyabhāṣata || 2-92-2
2. bharadwaajaH R^iSi = the sage Bharadwaja; hutaagni hotraH = who had offered oblations in sacred fire; prekSya = after seeing; bharatam = Bharata; puruSavyaaghram = the tiger among men; aagatam = who came; praN^jalim = with joined palms; abhyabhaaSata = spoke (as follows).
The sage Bharadwaja, who had offered oblations in sacred fire, spoke to Bharata the tiger among men, who had come there with joined palms, saying.
kaccid atra sukhā rātriḥ tava asmad viṣaye gatā |
samagraḥ te janaḥ kaccid ātithye śaṃsa me anagha || 2-92-3
3. he anaghaH = O; handsome Bharata!; raatriH = (Is this) night; gataakachchit = passed; sukham = comfortably; tava = by you; asmadviSaye = in our region?; te janaH = Is your retinue; samagraH kachchit = fully satisfied; aatithye = with my hospitality? shamsa = tell; me = me.
"O, handsome Bharata! Have you passed this night at out place comfortably? Is your retinue fully satisfied with my hospitality? Tell me."
tam uvāca anjalim kṛtvā bharato abhipraṇamya ca |
āśramād abhiniṣkrantam ṛṣim uttama tejasam || 2-92-4
4. aNjalim kR^itvaa = after joining his palms; abhipraNamyacha = salutation; bharataH = Bharata; uvaacha = replied; tam R^iSim = to that sage Bharadwaja; uttma tejasam with great splendour; abhiniSkraantam = who came out; aashramaat = from his hermitage.
After joining his palms in salutation, Bharata replied to the very glorious sage Bharawaja, who came out from his hermitage (as follows):
sukha uṣito asmi bhagavan samagra bala vāhanaḥ |
tarpitaḥ sarva kāmaiḥ ca sāmātyo balavat tvayā || 2-92-5
5. bhagavan = O; venerable sage!; sarvakaamaiH = with all the enjoyments; balavat = in plenty; tvayaa(given by) you; sukhoSitaH asmi = I felt comfortable; tarpitaH = and satisfied; saamaatyaH = along with my ministers; samagrabala vaahanaH = my entire army and the animals used in riding.
"O, venerable sage! With all the enjoyments in plenty provided by you, I felt comfortable and satisfied, along with very ministers my entire army and our animals too used in riding.
apeta klama samtāpāḥ subhakṣyāḥ supratiśrayāḥ |
api preṣyān upādāya sarve sma susukha uṣitāḥ || 2-92-6
6. sarve = all of us; upaadaaya = together with; preSyaan api = our servants too; smaH = have become; susukhoSitaaH = very much comfortable; apetaklamasamptaapaaH = with our fatigue and pains removed; subhakSaaH = having eaten a good food; supratishrayaaH = and having been provided with a good accommodation.
"All of us including our servants have become very much satisfied with our fatigue and pains removed, having eaten a good food and having been provided an excellent accommodation."
āmantraye aham bhagavan kāmam tvām ṛṣi sattama |
samīpam prasthitam bhrātur maireṇa īkṣasva cakṣuṣā || 2-92-7
7. bhagavan = O; Blessed one!; R^iSisattama = the excellent sage! aham = I; kaamam = an very much; aamantraye = taking leave; tvaam = of you; iikSasva = see me off; maitreNa = with a friendly; chakSuSaa = eye; prasthitam = me who is settingout; samiipam = towards the vicinity of; bhraatuH = my brother.
"O, Blessed one! O, excellent sage I am taking leave of you. Look on me with favour as I find myself in my brother's vicinity."
āśramam tasya dharmajna dhārmikasya mahātmanaḥ |
ācakṣva katamo mārgaḥ kiyān iti ca śaṃsa me || 2-92-8
8. dharmajN^a = O; knower of piety!; aachakSva = tell; me = me; aashramam = about the hermitage; tasya mahaatmanaH = of that high-souled; dhaarmikasya = and pious man; shamsa = tell; me = me; katamaH = as to which; maargaH = way; kiyaan = how much distance; iti cha = and so forth.
"O, knower of piety! Tell me about the abode of that high-souled and pious man, Rama. Tell me as to which way I have to go, how much distance it is from here and so forth."
iti pṛṣṭaḥ tu bharatam bhrātṛ darśana lālasam |
pratyuvāca mahā tejā bharadvājo mahā tapāḥ || 2-92-9
9. bharadvaajaH = Bharadwaja; mahaatejaaH = the highly glorious; mahaatapaah = and having excellent austerity; iti = thus; pR^iSTaH = asked; pratyuvaacha = replied; bharatam = to Bharata; bhraatR^idarshana laalasam = who is intensely desirous to see his brother.
The highly glorious Bharadwaaja, of rigid asceticism, thus questioned by Bharata (who intensely desired to see his brother again), answered him as follows:
bharata ardha tṛtīyeṣu yojaneṣu ajane vane |
citra kūṭo giriḥ tatra ramya nirdara kānanaḥ || 2-92-10
10. bharata = O; Bharata!; tatra = there; ardhatR^itiiyeSu yojaneSu = at a distance of three and half Yojanas (ie about twenty eight miles); giriH = (is a) mountain; chitra kuuTaH = called Chitrakuta; ajane = which is an un-inhabited region; vane = in the forest; ramya nirjhara kaananaH = with its beautiful cascades and groves.
"O, Bharata! About twenty eight miles from here, there is a mountain called Chitrakuta, in the middle of a lonely forest with its charming Cascades and groves."
uttaram pārśvam āsādya tasya mandākinī nadī |
puṣpita druma saṃcannā ramya puṣpita kānanā || 2-92-11
11. aasaadya = going towards; tasya = its; uttaram paarshvam = norther side; mandaakinii nadii = (you find) River Mandakini; puSpitadruma samchhannaa = which is entirely enveloped iwth flowering trees; ramya puSpita kaananaa = and having forests flourished with charming blooms.
"Going towards its northern side, you will find River Mandakini, which is entirely enveloped with flowering trees and having forests flourished with charming blossoms."
anantaram tat saritaḥ citra kūṭaḥ ca parvataḥ |
tato parṇa kuṭī tāta tatra tau vasato dhruvam || 2-92-12
12. taata = O; beloved Bharata!; anantaram = Beyond; tatsaritaH = that river; parvatashcha = there is a mountain; chitra kuuTaH = callled Chitrakuta; tayoH = and (on it) their; parNakuTii = hut made of leafy twigs; tau = both of them; vasataH = are residing; tatra = there; dhruvam = It is certain.
"O, beloved Bharata! Beyond that river, there is a mountain called Chitrakuta and on it, their hut made of leafy twigs. Both of them are residing there. It is sure."
dakṣiṇena eva mārgeṇa savya dakṣiṇam eva ca |
gaja vāji ratha ākīrṇām vāhinīm vāhinī pate || 2-92-13
vāhayasva mahā bhāga tato drakṣyasi rāghavam |
13. mahaabhaaga = O; illustrious; vaahiniipate = chief of army!; vaahayasva = direct; raahiniim = the army; gajavagirathaakiirNaam = filled with elephants; horses and chariots; dakSiNaanaiva = either towards the southern; maargeNa = route; savyadakSiNamevavaa = or to the left; proceeding southward; drakSyasi = you can see; raaghavam = Rama; tataH = then.
"O, the illustrious chief of army! Direct the forces filled with elephants horses and chariots either towards the southern route or to the left proceeding southward. You can see Rama then."
prayāṇam iti ca śrutvā rāja rājasya yoṣitaḥ |
hitvā yānāni yāna arhā brāhmaṇam paryavārayan || 2-92-14
14. shrutvaa = hearing about; tat = that; prayaaNam = journey; iti = in the aforesaid manner; raajaraajasya = Dasaratha's; yoSitaH = wives; yaanaarhaaH = eligible of sitting in palanquins; hitvaa = having left; yaanaani = their palanquins; paryavaarayan = stood encircling; braahmaNam = Bharadwaja.
Hearing him speak of the journey, Dasaratha's wives eligible of sitting in palanquins, descended from their palanquins and stood encircling Bharadwaja.
vepamānā kṛśā dīnā saha devyā sumantriyā |
kausalyā tatra jagrāha karābhyām caraṇau muneḥ || 2-92-15
15. tatra = among them; vepamaanaa = the trembling; kausalya = Kaulasya; kR^ishaa = the emaciated; diinaa = and the miserable woman; sumitrayaadevyaasaha = along with the Queen Sumitra; jagraaha = clasped; charaNau = the feet; muneH = of the sage Bharadawaja; karaabhyaam = with their hands.
Kaikeyi with her unfulfilled desire and despised by the whole world, clasped the sage's feet with bashfulness.
asamṛddhena kāmena sarva lokasya garhitā |
kaikeyī tasya jagrāha caraṇau savyapatrapā || 2-92-16
16. kaikeyii = Kaikeyi; asmaR^iddhena = with her unfulfilled; kaamena = desire; garhitaa = and despised; sarva lokasya = by the whole world; jagraaha = clasped; tasya = his; charaNau = feet; savya patrapaa = with bashfulness.
Kaikeyi with her unfulfilled desire and despised by the whole world, clasped the sage's feet with bashfullness.
tam pradakṣiṇam āgamya bhagavantam mahā munim |
adūrād bharatasya eva tasthau dīna manāḥ tadā || 2-92-17
17. tadaa = then; pradakSiNam aagamya bhagavantam tam mahaamunim = having gone round that venerable and eminent sage clock-wise; tasthau = she stood; aduuraadeva = close; bharatasya = to Bharata himself; diina manaaH = distressed at heart.
Then, having gone around that venerable and eminent sage clock-wise, she stood close to Bharata himself, distressed as she was at heart.
tataḥ papragccha bharatam bharadvājo dṛḍha vrataḥ |
viśeṣam jnātum igcchāmi mātṛṛṇām tava rāghava || 2-92-18
18. tataH = then; bharadvaajaH = Bharadwaja; dR^iDha vrataH = firm in austerity; paprachha = enquired; bharatam = Bharata (as follows); raaghava = O; Bharata!; ichchhaami = I wish; jJNaatum = to know; visheSam = the distinctions; tava = of your; maatR^iNaam = mothers.
Then, Bharadwaja, firm in austerity, enquired Bharata as follows: "O, Bharata! I wish to know the distinctions of your mothers."
evam uktaḥ tu bharato bharadvājena dhārmikaḥ |
uvāca prānjalir bhūtvā vākyam vacana kovidaḥ || 2-92-19
19. uktaH = spoken; evam = thus; bharadvaajena = by Bharadwaja; dhiimataa = the learned man; bharataH = Bharata; vachana kovidaH = skilled in expression; bhuutvaa praaN^jaliH = with joined palms; uvaacha = spoke; raakyam = (the following) words.
Hearing the words of the learned sage, Bharadwaja, Bharata who was skilled in expression, with joined palms, spoke the following words.
yām imām bhagavan dīnām śokān aśana karśitām |
pitur hi mahiṣīm devīm devatām iva paśyasi || 2-92-20
eṣā tam puruṣa vyāghram simha vikrānta gāminam |
kausalyā suṣuve rāmam dhātāram aditir yathā || 2-92-21
20; 21. bhagavan = O; venrable sage!; imaam = this; diinaam = miserable deviim = queen; shokaanashanakarshitaam = emaciated by grief and fasting; mahiSiim = is the royal consort; pituH = of my father; yaam = whom; pashyasi = you see; devataamiva = resembling a goddess; eSaa = it is she; kausalyaa = Kausalya; aditiH yathaa = (who) as Aditi; dhataaram = gave birth to Upendra (Lord Vamoma; so-called because he is a younger brother to Indra); suSuve = begot; puruSa vyaaghram = that Tiger among heroes; simha vikraantagaaminam = with the gait and pride of a lion; tam raamam = that Rama.
"O, venerable sage! This miserable queen emaciated by grief and fasting, is the royal consort of my father, who you see resembling a goddess - it is she, Kausalya who, as Aditi gave birth to Upendra, begot that Tiger among the heroes, with the great gait and pride of a lion that Rama."
asyā vāma bhujam śliṣṭā yā eṣā tiṣṭhati durmanāḥ |
karṇikārasya śākhā iva śīrṇa puṣpā vana antare || 2-92-22
etasyāḥ tau sutau devyāḥ kumārau deva varṇinau |
ubhau lakṣmaṇa śatrughnau vīrau satya parākramau || 2-92-23
22; 23. eSaa = she; yaa = who; tiSThati = stands; shliSTaa = clinging to; vaama bhujam = the left shoulder; asyaaH = of Kuasalya; durmanaaH = plunged in grief; (is Sumitra); shakheva = looking like a branch; karNikaarasya = of Karnikara tree; shiirNa puSpaa = with withered flowers; vanaanantare = standing in the interior of the gorve; ubhau = Both; lakSmaNa shatrughnau = Lakshmana and Shatrughna; viirau = the heroic; kumaarau = princes; deva varNinau = of god-like appearance; satya paraakramau = and unfailing prowess; sutau = are the sons; etasyaaH = of this; devyaaH = godly woman.
She, who stands clinging to the left shoulder of Kausalya, plunged in grief is the unfortunate Sumitra, looking like a branch of Karnikara tree with withered flowers standing in the interior of the grove. Both Lakshmana and Shatrughna, the two heroic princes of god-like appearance and unfailing prowess are the sons of this godly woman, Sumitra.
yasyāḥ kṛte nara yāghrau jīva nāśam ito gatau |
rājā putra vihīnaḥ ca svargam daśaratho gataḥ || 2-92-24
krodhanāmakṛtaprajñāṃ dṛptāṃ subhagamāninīm |
aiśvarya kāmām kaikeyīm anāryām ārya rūpiṇīm || 2-92-25
mama etām mātaram viddhi nṛśaṃsām pāpa niścayām |
yato mūlam hi paśyāmi vyasanam mahad ātmanaḥ || 2-92-26
24; 25; 26. yasyaaH kR^ite = she; through whose fault; naravyaaghrau = those two tigers among men; gatau = have to obtain; jiivanaasham = a miserable existence; itaH = from here; raajaa dasharathaH = and king Dasaratha; putra vihiinashcha = deprived of his son; gataH = has gone; svaragam = to heaven; etaam = (this woman); krdhanaam = who is irate; akR^itaprajJNaam = imprudent; dR^iptam = arrogant; subhaga maaniniim = who esteems herself to be good-looking; aishvarya kaamaam = who is covetous of power; anaaryaam = unworthy; aarya ruupiNiim = though
"She, through whose fault, those two tigers among men have to obtain a miserable existence and King Dasaratha deprived of his son, has gone to heaven this woman, who is irate, imprudent, arrogant, who esteems herself to be good-looking, who is covetous of power, unworthy though noble to all appearance, know her to be Kaikeyi, my mother of wicked and sinful resolve, in whom I see the root cause of my great misfortune."
ity uktvā nara śārdūlo bāṣpa gadgadayā girā |
sa niśaśvāsa tāmra akṣo kruddho nāga iva asakṛt || 2-92-27
27. saH = Bharata; narashaarduulaH = the tiger among men; taamraakSaH = with his red eyes; uktvaa = having spoken; iti = thus; giraa = in a voice; baaSpa gadgadayaa = stammered with tears; nishashvaasa = breathed; kR^iddhaH iva = like an enraged; shvasan = and hissing; naagaH = snake.
Bharata, the tiger among men, with his red eyes spoke thus in a voice broken by sobs and breathing as he like an enraged and hissing snake.
bharadvājo maharṣiḥ tam bruvantam bharatam tadā |
pratyuvāca mahā buddhir idam vacanam arthavat || 2-92-28
28. bruvantam = spoken; tathaa = thus; tam bharatam = by that Bharata; maharSiH = the sage; bharadwaajaH = Bharadwaja; mahaabuddhiH = of great intellect; pratyuvaacha = replied; idam = in these; arthavat = meaningful; vachanam = words.
Hearing the aforesaid words spoken by Bharata, Bharadwaja the great intellectual sage replied in the following meaningful words.
na doṣeṇa avagantavyā kaikeyī bharata tvayā |
rāma pravrājanam hy etat sukha udarkam bhaviṣyati || 2-92-29
29. bharata = O; Bharata!; kaikeyii = Kaikeyi; na avagantavyaa = is not intended to be understood; tvayaa = by you; doSeNa = by her lapse; etat = this; raama pravraajanam = exile of Rama; bhaviSyati hi = will indeed become; sukhodarkam = a cause for happiness.
"O, Bharata! Kaikeyi is not intended to be understood by you accusatively. The exile of Rama with indeed become ultimately a cause for happiness!"
devānām dānavānām ca ṛṣīṇām bhāvitātmanām |
hitameva bhaviṣyaddhi rāmapravrājanādiha || 2-92-30
30. iha = now; raama pravrajanaat = due to Rama's exile; bhaviSyaddhi = there will indeed be; hitameva = a benefit only; devaanaam = to the celestials; daanavaamcha = demons; R^iSiNaam cha = and the sages; bhaavitaatmanaam = whose souls are purified by meditating on the Universal spirit.
"Now, due to Rama's exile, there will indeed be a benefit to the celestials the demons and the sages whose souls are purified by meditating on the Universal Spirit."
abhivādya tu saṃsiddhaḥ kṛtvā ca enam pradakṣiṇam |
āmantrya bharataḥ sainyam yujyatām ity acodayat || 2-92-31
31. bharataH = Bharata; samsiddhaH = satisfied; abhivaadya = paid obeisance to him; pradakSiNam cha kR^itvaa = and circumbulated him; aamantrya = bidding farewell; achodayat = and directed; sainyam = the army; iti = thus; yujyataam = "Let us carry on."
Bharata satisfied, paid obeisance to him and circumambulated him in bidding a farewell, directing the army to get prepared to leave.
tato vāji rathān yuktvā divyān hema pariṣkritān |
adhyārohat prayāṇa arthī bahūn bahu vidho janaḥ || 2-92-32
32. tataH then; prayaaNaarthiii = setting out for their destination; bahuvidhaH = many kinds; janaH = of people; adhyaarohat = ascended; bahuun = many; divyaan = excellent; rathan = chariots;hema pariSkR^itaan = decorated with gold; vaaji yuktaan = harnessed to horses.
Then, setting out for their destination, countless people ascended many excellent chariots, decorated with gold, duly harnessed to horses.
gaja kanyā gajāḥ caiva hema kakṣyāḥ patākinaḥ |
jīmūtā iva gharma ante saghoṣāḥ sampratasthire || 2-92-33
33. gaja kanyaa = female elephants; gajaashchaiva = and male elephants; hemakakSyaaH = pataakinaH = wearing golden chains and flags; saghoSaaH = distinguished by the sound of bells; jiimuutaaH iva = like (thundering) clouds; gharmaante = at the end of a summer; sampratasthira = marched in form.
Female and male elephants, wearing golden chains and flags, distinguished by the sound of bells, like thundering clouds at the end of a summer marched in a form.
vividhāny api yānāni mahāni ca laghūni ca |
prayayuḥ sumahā arhāṇi pādair eva padātayaḥ || 2-92-34
34. vividhaani = various; sumahaarhaaNi = precious; yaanaani = conveyances; mahaanti cha = (both) big; laghuunicha = and small; prayayuH = marched forward; padaatayaH = Pedestrians; paadaaraiva = went by foot.
Various precious conveyances, both big and small, marched forward. Pedestrians marched forward by foot.
atha yāna pravekaiḥ tu kausalyā pramukhāḥ striyaḥ |
rāma darśana kānkṣiṇyaḥ prayayur muditāḥ tadā || 2-92-35
35. raama darshana kaankSiNyaH = desirous of seeing Rama; muditaaH = and delighted; kausalyaapramukhaaH striyaH = Kausalya and other honourable women; atha = thereafter; prayayuH = advanced; yaana pravekaiH = on excellent conveyances; tadaa = then.
Desirous of seeing Rama and delighted, Kausalya and other honourable women thereafter advanced on their excellent conveyances.
caṃdrka taruṇa ābhāsām niyuktām śibikām śubhām |
āsthāya prayayau śrīmān bharataḥ saparigcchadaḥ || 2-92-36
36. shriimaan = the illustrious; bharataH = Bharata; aasthaaya = mounted; shubhaam = an auspicious; shibikaam = palanquin; chandraarka taruNaa bhaasaam = with a shine resembling that of rising moon and sun; niryuktaam = which was kept ready; praayayau = and proceeded saparichchhadaH = along with his escort.
The illustrious Bharata mounted a readily kept palanquin which was auspiciously shining like rising moon and sun and proceeded along with his escort.
sā prayātā mahā senā gaja vāji ratha ākulā |
dakṣiṇām diśam āvṛtya mahā megha iva utthitaḥ || 2-92-37
vanāni tu vyatikramya juṣṭāni mṛga pakṣibhiḥ |
gaṅgāyāḥ paravelāyāṃ giriṣvapi nadīṣu ca 2-92-38
37; 38. saa mahaa senaa = that vast army; gaja vaajirathaakulaa = with its countless elephants horses and chariots; prayaataa = proceeded; aavRTitya = covering; dakSiNaam disham = the southern direction; mahaa megha iva = like a great cloud; utthitaH = that has risen (in the sky); paravelaayaam = on the other bank; gaN^gaayaaH = of the Ganges; giriSvapi = by mountains; nadiiSu cha = and streams; vyatikramya = crossing; vanaani = the woods; juSTaani = inhabited; mR^igapakSibhiH = by deer and birds.
That vast army with its countless elephants horses and chariots proceeded, covering the southern direction, like a great cloud that has risen in the sky and on the other bank of the Ganges, by mountains and streams, crossing the woods inhabited by deer and birds.
sā samprahṛṣṭa dvipa vāji yodhā |
vitrāsayantī mṛga pakṣi samghān |
mahad vanam tat pravigāhamānā |
rarāja senā bharatasya tatra || 2-92-39
39. saa senaa = that army; bharatasya = of Bharata; samprahR^iSTadvipa raajiyothaa = with its squadrous of rejoicing elephants horses and warrior; pratigaaha maanaa = penetrating; tat = into that; mahat = vast; vanam = forest; vitraasayantii = frightening; mR^iga pakSi saN^ghaan = innumerable beats and birds; raraaja = appeared resplendent; tatra = there.
That army of Bharata, with its squadrons of rejoicing elephants horses and warriors, penetrating into the vast forest, frightening innumerable beasts and birds, appeared resplendent there.
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe dvinanavatitamaḥ sargaḥ
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© May 2004, K. M. K. Murthy