Bharata thanks Guha for having come forward to offer hospitality to him and his army. He enquires about the proper route to proceed to the hermitage of Bharadvaja. Guha assures Bharata that he along with some of his ferrymen will follow him as guides. When Guha enquires Bharata whether he has an evil intention towards Rama, Bharata clarifies him that he is proceeding to Rama?s place to bring him back to Ayodhya. When night falls Bharata along with Shatrughna and his army take rest. However Guha consoles Bharata, who has been constantly bewailing, till the nightfall.
evam uktaH tu bharataH niShaadaadhipatim guham |
pratyuvaaca mahaa praaGYo vaakyam hetu artha samhitam || 2-85-1
1. bharataH = bharata; mahaapraj^NaH = the highly intelligent; evam = thus; uktaH = spoken; pratyuvaacha = replied; vaakyam = in words; hetvartha samhitam = composed of reason and meaning;guham = to Guha; nishhadaadhipatim = the lord of Nishadas.
Hearing those words, the highly intelligent Bharata replied toGuha, the lord of Nishadas, in words that were full of reason and meaning.
uurjitaH khalu te kaamaH kR^itaHmama guroh sakhe |
yo me tvam iidR^ishiim senaam eko abhyarcitum icchasi || 2-85-2
2. sakhe = O friend; mama = my; guroH = elder brother; yaH tvam = you - that very person who; ekaH = alone; ichchhasi = wants; abhyarchitum = to offer hospitality; iidR^isham = to such (a huge); senaam = army; te kaamaH = such a wish of yours; kR^itaH = formed; uurjitaHkhalu = is indeed mighty.
?O, friend of my elder brother! Indeed, your desire to offerhospitality to my army of such a magnitude, is great.?
iti uktvaa tu mahaa tejaa guhamvacanam uttamam |
abraviid bharataH shriimaan niShaada adhipatim punaH || 2-85-3
3. uktvaatu = having spoken;uttamam = these excellent; vachanam = words; guham = to Guha; shriimaan = thegreatly illustrious; bharataH = bharata; mahaatejaH = possessed of greatsplendor; abraviit = said; punah = again; nishhaadaadhipatim = to Guha; king ofNishadas as follows:
Having spoken these excellent words to Guha; the greatlyillustrious Bharata, possessed of great splendor, said again to Guha the kingof Nishadas (as follows):
katareNa gamiShyaami bharadvaajaaashramam guha |
gahano ayam bhR^isham desho ga~Ngaa anuupo duratyayaH || 2-85-4
4. guha = O Guha!; katareNa = by which of the two routes; gamishhyaami = can I go; bharadvaajaashramam = to the hermitage of Bharadvaja? Ayam = this; deshaH = region; ga~NgaanuupaH = engulfed inwaters of Ganga river; bhR^isham gahanaH = isnot very much easy to cross.
?O, Guha! By which of these two routes can I go to the hermitageof Bharadvaja? This region engulfed in waters of Ganga River is not very much easy to negotiate and is difficult to cross.?
tasya tat vacanam shrutvaa raajaputrasya dhiimataH |
abraviit praanjalir vaakyam guho gahana gocaraH || 2-85-5
5. shrutvaa = hearing; tatvachanam = those words; tasya = of that; dhiimatah = wise; raajaputrasya = prince;guhaH = Guha; gahanagocharaH = who roams about in woods; praaN^jaliH = with joinedpalms; abraviit = spoke; vaakyam = (these)words:
Hearing the words of the wise prince; Guha, who roams about inwoods, with joined palms answered as follows:
daashaaH tu anugamiShyantidhanvinaH susamaahitaaH |
aham ca anugamiShyaami raaja putra mahaa yashaH || 2-85-6
6. mahaayashaH = O highly illustrious; raajaputra = prince!; daashaaH = My ferrymen; dhanvinaH = wielding their bows; anugamishhyanti = will accompany; tvam = you; susamaahitaaH = with great attention; aham = I too; anugamishhyanti = will follow; tvaa = you(in person).
?O highly illustrious prince! My ferrymen wielding their bows,and very attentive, will certainly accompany you. I too will follow you (inperson).?
kaccin na duShTaH vrajasi raamasyaakliShTa karmaNaH |
iyam te mahatii senaa shankaam janayati iva me || 2-85-7
7. na vrajati kachchit = I hopeyou are not going; dushhTaH = in offensive; raamasya = of Rama; aklishhTakarmaNaH = who is unwearied in action; iyam = this; mahati = great; te senaa = of yours; janayaatiiva = is begetting; shaN^kaam = a doubt; me = in me.
?I hope you are not going to attack Rama, who is unwearied inaction. This great army of yours is begetting an apprehension in my mind.?
tam evam abhibhaaShantamaakaashaiva nirmalaH |
bharataH shlakShNayaa vaacaa guham vacanam abraviit || 2-85-8
8. bharataH = bharata; nirmalahiva = whose heart resembled a taintless; aakashaH = sky; abraviit = spoke;vachanam = these words; shlakshhayaa = in smooth; vaachaa = voice; tam guham = to that Guha; evam = who thus; abhibhaashhantam = talked(confessing his doubt).
Bharata, whose heart resembled a taintless sky, spoke thefollowing words in smooth voice, to that Guha, who confessed his doubt asaforesaid.
maa bhuut sa kaalo yat kaShTam namaam shankitum arhasi |
raaghavaH sa hi me bhraataa jyeShThaH pitR^i samaH mama || 2-85-9
9. maa shuutam = let there not be;saH kaalam = such a time; kashhTam = of wretchedness; yat = what so ever;naarhasi = you ought not; shaN^kitum = to suspect; maam = me; saH raagh avaH = thatRama; me = my; jyeshhThaH = elder; bhraataa = brother; mataH hi = is indeedregarded; pitrusamaH = as my father.
?Let not such an occasion of wretchedness come! You should neverhave suspected me. That Rama my elder brother is indeed regarded as my father.?
tam nivartayitum yaami kaakutsthamvana vaasinam |
buddhir anyaa na te kaaryaa guha satyam braviimi te || 2-85-10
10. yaami = I am proceeding;nivartaitum = to get back; tam = that; kaakutthsam = Rama; vanavaasinam = who isliving in the forest; guha = O; Guha! na anyaa = No other; buddhiH = apprehension;kaaryaa = should be made; te = by you; braviim = I am telling; satyam = the truth;te = to you.
?I am going to get back Rama who is now living in the forest. O,Guha! No other apprehension should be made by you. I am telling you the truth.?
sa tu samhR^iShTa vadanaH shrutvaabharata bhaaShitam |
punar eva abraviid vaakyam bharatam prati harShitaH || 2-85-11
11. shrutvaa = hearing;bharatabhaashhitam = the words of Bharata; saH tu = that Guha on his part;samhR^ishTa vadanah = with his face radiated; harshhitaH = with joy; abraviit = spoke; punareva = again; bharatam prati = to Bharata(as follows):
Hearing the words of Bharata, Guha on his part, with his faceradiated with joy spoke again to Bharata as follows:
dhanyaH tvam na tvayaa tulyampashyaami jagatii tale |
ayatnaat aagatam raajyam yaH tvam tyaktum iha icchasi || 2-85-12
12. tvam = you; dhanyah = be blessed;na pashyaami = I do not see; tvayaa = your; tulyam = equal; jagatiitale = on theearth; tvam = you; yaH = who; ichchasi = wish; tyaktum = to renounce; raajyam = theempire; aagatam = you acquired; iha = now; ayatnaat = without effort.
?You be blessed! I do not see your equal on this earth - you, whowish to renounce the empire you acquired now, even without effort.?
shaashvatii khalu te kiirtirlokaan anucariShyati |
yaH tvam kR^icchra gatam raamam pratyaanayitum icchasi || 2-85-13
13. te = you; kiiritiH = fame;khalu = assuredly; anucharishhyati = will traverse; shaashvatii = permanently;lokam = in all provinces. YaH tvam = as you the very person who; ichchhasi = wishes; pratyaanayitum = to bring back; raamam = Rama; kR^ichchhagatam = from hisfearful plight.
?Assuredly your fame will traverse permanently in all provinces,as you are the very person who wishes to bring back Rama from his terribleplight.?
evam sambhaaShamaaNasya guhasyabharatam tadaa |
babhau naShTa prabhaH suuryo rajanii ca abhyavartata || 2-85-14
14. guhasya = Guha(while); evam = was thus; sambhaashhaNasya = talking; bharatam = to Bharata; suuryaaH = the sun;tadaa = then; babhou = glittered; nashhTaprabhaH = with less light; rajaniicha = and the night; abhyavartata = returned.
While Guha was talking thus to Bharata, the sun diffused lesslight and the night fell.
samniveshya sa taam senaam guhenaparitoShitaH |
shatrughnena saha shriimaan shayanam punar aagamat || 2-85-15
15. shriimaan = the illustrious;saH = Bharata; sanniveshya taam senaam = lodging that army in camps;paritoshhitaH = and felt delighted; guhena = by Guha?s service; samupaagamat = returned to his camp; shayanam = and took rest; shatrughnena saha = withShatrughna.
The illustrious Bharata, lodging that army in camps, feltdelighted by Guha?s hospitality, returned to his camp and took rest along withShatrughna.
raama cintaamayaH shoko bharatasyamahaatmanaH |
upasthitaH hi anarhasya dharma prekShasya taadR^ishaH || 2-85-16
16. bharatasya = to Bharata;mahaatmanaH = the high soled; dharmaprekshhasya = whose only aim is to fulfillhis duty; anarhasya = and who is undeserving of sorrow; taadR^ishaH hi = indeedfelt; shokaH = grief; raama chintaamayah = born of anguish for Rama.
The high soled Bharata, whose only aim is to fulfill his duty andwho is undeserving of sorrow, indeed felt grief, born of anguish for Rama.
antar daahena dahanaH samtaapayatiraaghavam |
vana daaha abhisamtaptam guuDho agnir iva paadapam || 2-85-17
17. agniriva = as a fire; guuDhah = hidden; paadapam = in a hollow tree; vana daahaabhi samtaptaH = while a forest onfire is burnt up; (so did)raaghavam = Bharata?s; dahanaH = fire; santaapayati = ofanguish; antardaahena = burn within his heart.
As a fire is hidden in a hollow tree while a forest is on fire, sodid Bharata?s fire of anguish burn with in his heart.
prasrutaH sarva gaatrebhyaH svedaHshoka agni sambhavaH |
yathaa suurya a.nshu samtaptaH himavaan prasrutaH himam || 2-85-18
18. svedam = perspiration;shokaagnisambhavam = born of fieriness of grief; prasR^itaH = poured off;sarvagaatrebhyaH = from all his limbs; yathaa = as; himam = the snow; prasR^itaH = melts and flows; suuryaamshu samtaptaH = heated by solar rays; himavaan = fromHimavat mountain.
Perspiration born of fieriness of grief poured off from all hislimbs, as the snow heated by solar rays melts and flows from Himavat mountain.
dhyaana nirdara shailenavinihshvasita dhaatunaa |
dainya paadapa samghena shoka aayaasa adhishR^ingiNaa || 2-85-19
pramoha ananta sattvena samtaapa oShadhi veNunaa |
aakraantaH duhkha shailena mahataa kaikayii sutaH || 2-85-20
19-20. kaikeyiisutaH = Bharata the son of Kaikeyi; aakraantaH = was pressed; mahata duHkha sailena = by the weight of that colossal mountain of agony; dhyaana nirdhara shailena = consisting of rocky caverns in the shape of settled contemplations on Rama; viniHshvasitadhaatunaa = minerals in the shape of groans and sighs; dainyapaadapa samghena = acluster of trees in the shape of depressive thoughts ; shokaayaasaadhishR^iN^giNaa = summits in the form of sufferings and fatigue; pramohaananta sattvena = countless wild beasts in the shape of swoons; samtaapoushhadhi veNunaa = herbsand bamboos in the form of his exertions.
Bharata, the son of Kaikeyi was pressed by the weight of thatcolossal mountain of agony consisting of rocky caverns in the shape of settledcontemplations on Rama, minerals in the shape of groans and sighs, a cluster oftrees in the shape of depressive thoughts, summits in the form of sufferingsand fatigue, countless wild beasts in the shape of swoons, herbs and bamboos inthe form of his exertions.
pramuuDhasamjJNaH paramaapadam gataH |
shamam na lebhe hR^idayajvaraardito |
nararShabho yuuthahato yatharShabhaH || 2-85-21
21. tataH = thereafter;nararshhabhah = Bharata the excellent among men; vinishhvasan = sighing; bhR^ishaduramanaa = very much in melancholy; pramuuDha samjN^aH = his mind utterlyconfused in consequence.; gataH = having obtained; parama aapadam = an exrtremedistress; hR^idaya jvaraarditaH = afflicted with burning fever in his breast;R^ishhabhaH yathaa = like a bull; yuutha hataH = strayed from its herd; lekhe = found; na shamam = no peace.
Thereafter, Bharata the excellent among men sighing much inmelancholy, his mind utterly confused in consequence, having obtained anextreme distress, afflicted as he was with burning fever in his breast and likea bull strayed from its herd, found no peace.
guhena saardham bharataHsamaagataH |
mahaa anubhaavaH sajanaH samaahitaH |
sudurmanaaH tam bharatam tadaa punar |
guhaH samaashvaasayad agrajam prati || 2-85-22
22. bharataH = bharata;mahaanubhaavaH = the noble minded; sajanaH = with his escort; samaagataH = met;guhesaartham = Guha too; samaahitaH = in a composed mind; tadaa = then; guhah = Guha; sudurmanaaH = in very low spirits; aashvaasayaT = reassured; tam bharatam = that Bharata; punaH = again; agrajam prati = regarding his elder brother.
The noble soled Bharata, with his escort, met Guha too in acomposed mind. Then Guha slowly reassured Bharata again as regards his elderbrother.
- - -
ityaarShe shriimadraamaayaNeaadikaavye ayodhyaakaamDe pachaashiititamaH sargaH
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? October 2003, K. M. K. Murthy
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