After hearing harsh words from Kausalya, king Dasaratha loses consciousness and restores it after a long time. Afterwards, Kausalya repents for her mistake of speaking such crude words and consoles the king with her reconciliatory words. Overcome by grief, Dasaratha fell into the grip, Dasaratha fell into the grip of slumber as the night prevailed.
evam tu kruddhayā rājā rāma mātrā saśokayā |
śrāvitaḥ paruṣam vākyam cintayām āsa duhkhitaḥ || 2-62-1
1. paruSam = (when) harsh; vaakyam = words; kruddhayaa = with anger; evam = in this manner; sashokayaa = (by) the grief-stricken; raama maatraa = Kausalya; Rama's mother; shravitaH = were heard; raajaa = king Dasaratha; duhkhitaH = felt depressed; chintayaamaasa = and thought upon them.
When harsh words with anger in this manner by the grief-stricken Kausalya, Rama's mother were heard, king Dasaratha felt depressed and reflected upon them.
cintayitvā sa ca nṛpo mumoha vyākulendriyaḥ |
atha dīrgheṇa kālena samjñāmāpa paratapaḥ || 2-62-2
2. saH = that; nR^ipaH = king; cintyitvaa = (thus) thought over; vyaakulendriyaH = perplexed in mind; mumoha = and lost his consciousness; atha = thereafter; paramtapaH = that king who scorches the enemies; aapa = regained; samj~aam = his; consciousness; diirgheNa = after a long; kaalena = time.
The king fell brooding thus perplexed as he was in his mind and lost his consciousness. Thereafter, that king who torments the enemies regained his consciousness after a long time.
sa samjñāamupalabyaiva dīrghamuṣṇam ca niḥsasan |
kausalyām pārśvato dṛṣṭvā tataścintāmupāgamat || 2-62-3
3. upalabhyaiva = after obtaining; samJNaam = consciousness; saH = he; nihshvasan = breathing his sigh; diirgham = long; uSNam ca = and hot; dR^iSTvaa = and seeing; kausalyaam = Kausalya; paarshvataH = by his side; upaagamat = got; chintaam = to worry; tataH = consequently.
After restoring his consciousness he, breathing a long and hot sigh and seeing Kausalya by his side, began to worry again.
tasya cintayamānasya pratyabhāt karma duṣkṛtam |
yad anena kṛtam pūrvam ajñānāt śabda vedhinā || 2-62-4
4. cintayamaanasya = as he brooded over; duSkR^itam = the sinful; karma = deed; yat = that; kR^itam = was done; anena = by him; aJNaanaat = out of ignorance; puurvam = long ago; shabda vidhinaa = by shooting with an arrow an unseen object; the sound of which is only heard; pratyabhaat = was recalled in his mind.
As he thus brooded over, he recalled in his mind, a sinful deed that was done by him out of ignorance long ago, by shooting with an arrow an unseen object, the sound of which was only heard.
amanāḥ tena śokena rāma śokena ca prabhuḥ |
dvābhyāmapi mahārājaḥ śokābyāmabhitapyato || 2-62-5
5. prabhuH = the mighty; mahaaraajaH = emperor; tena shokena = by that agony; amanaaH = and low spirited; raama shokena = by the agony for Rama; anvatapyata = felt tormented; advabhyaam = by duel; shokaabhyaam api = grief.
The mighty emperor felt distressed through agony caused by that sinful dead and as also through agony caused by separation from Rama and was tormented by the dual grief.
dahyamānaḥ tu śokābhyām kausalyām āha bhū patiḥ |
vepamāno.añjalim kṛtvā prasādartamavāṅmukhaḥ || 2-62-6
6. saH bhuupatiH = that king; dahyamaanaH = afflicted; shokaabhyaam = by the miseries; vepamaanaH = bent his head down; avaan^mukhaH = joined; baddhvaa = joined; aNjalim = his palms together in salutation; prasaadaartham = desirous of getting her grace; aaha = spoke; kausalyaam = to Kausalya.
That king, tormented by the afflictions, was trembling, bent his head down, joined his palms in salutation, desirous of getting her grace and spoke to Kausalya as follows:
prasādaye tvām kausalye racitaḥ ayam mayā anjaliḥ |
vatsalā ca ānṛśaṃsā ca tvam hi nityam pareṣv api || 2-62-7
7. Kausalyaa = O Kausalya; tvaam prasaadaye = I seek your grace; ayam = this; anjaliH = joining of palms; rachiteH = is set out; mayaa = by me; tvam = you; nityam = are always; vatshalaa = affectionate; pareSvapi = and even towards others; anR^ishamsaaca hi = and even indeed king.
"O, Kausalya! I seek your grace. This joining of palms is set out by me. You are always affectionate even towards others and even indeed kind."
bhartā tu khalu nārīṇām guṇavān nirguṇo api vā |
dharmam vimṛśamānānām pratyakṣam devi daivatam || 2-62-8
8. devi = O; queen; naariNaam = for women; vimR^ishamaanaanaam = reflecting; dharmam = on righteousness; bhartaa = the husband; guNavaan = either virtuous; nirguNo.apivaa = or worthless; pratyakSam = is visible; daivatam khalu = god indeed.
"O, queen! For women reflecting on righteousness, a husband whether he is virtuous or worthless, is a visible god indeed."
sā tvam dharma parā nityam dṛṣṭa loka para avara |
na arhase vipriyam vaktum duhkhitā api suduhkhitam || 2-62-9
9. saa tvam = you as such; nityam dharmaparaa = who is ever intent on virtue; dR^iSTa loka paraavaraa = who has understood good and evil fortunes in the world; duHkhita.api = even if grief-stricken; naarhasi = ought not; vaktum = to speak; vipriyam = unpleasant words; suduHkhitam = to me; who is too much in distress.
"You as such, who is ever intent on virtue, who has understood good and evil fortunes in the world, even if grief-stricken, ought not to have spoken unpleasant words to me, who is too much in distress."
tat vākyam karuṇam rājñaḥ śrutvā dīnasya bhāṣitam |
kausalyā vyasṛjad bāṣpam praṇālī iva nava udakam || 2-62-10
10. shrutvaa = hearing; tatvaakyam = those words; karuNam = which were miserable; bhaaSitam = spoken; diinasya = by the depressed; rajaJNaH = king; kausalyaa = Kausalya; vyasR^ijat = shed; baaSpam = tears; navodakam iva = like new rain water; praNaalii = from a channel.
Hearing those miserable words spoken by the distressed king, Kausalya shed tears, akin to new rain water flowing from channel.
sa mūdrhni baddhvā rudatī rājñaḥ padmam iva anjalim |
sambhramāt abravīt trastā tvaramāṇa akṣaram vacaḥ || 2-62-11
11. baddhvaa = capturing; muurdhni = on her own head; raajaJNaH = the king's; aNjalim = palms joined; padmamiva = in the form of a lotus; saa = Kausalya; trastaa = was scared; abraviit = and spoke; rudatii = weeping; tvaramaaNaakSaram = in hurriedly; lettered vachaH = words; sambhramaat = in eagerness.
Capturing on her own head, the king's palms joined in the form of a lotus, Kausalya was scared and spoke weeping in hurriedly lettered words in eagerness.
prasīda śirasā yāce bhūmau nitatitā asmi te |
yācitā asmi hatā deva hantavyā aham na hi tvayā || 2-62-12
12. deva = O; king; yaa ca = I appeal; te = to you; shirasaa = with bowed head; nivataa asmi = I lie prostrate; bhuumau = on the floor; hataa asmi = I am ruined; aham = I; kSantavyaahi = an not indeed to be forgiven; tvayaa = by you.
"O, king! I appeal to you with my bowed head. I lie prostrate on the floor. I am ruined. I am not to be forgiven indeed by you."
na eṣā hi sā strī bhavati ślāghanīyena dhīmatā |
ubhayoḥ lokayoḥ vīra patyā yā samprasādyate || 2-62-13
13. viira = O valiant man; yaa = which woman; samprasaadyate = being propitiated; patyaa = by her husband; shlaaghaniiyena = who is worthy of praise; dhiimataa = and possing good disposition; saa eSaa = such of this; strii = woman; na bhavati hi = is ill- becoming; ubhayoH = in both; lokayoH = the worlds.
"O, Valiant man! In both the worlds, it is ill-becoming of a woman, being propitiated by her husband, who is praise worthy and possessing good disposition."
jānāmi dharmam dharmajña tvām jāne satyavādinam |
putra śoka ārtayā tat tu mayā kim api bhāṣitam || 2-62-14
14. dharmaJNa = O; king who knows righteousness; jaanaami = I understand; dharmam = righteousness; jaane = I know; tvaam = you; satya vaadinam = to be speaking truly; tu = but; tat = that; kim api = something; unseemly; bhaaSitam = was spoken; mayaa = by me; putrashokaartayaa = while afflicted of grief for my son.
"O, valiant man! In both the worlds, it of a woman, being propitiated by her husband, who is praise worthy and possessing good disposition."
śoko nāśayate dhairyam śoko nāśayate śrutam |
śoko nāśayate sarvam na asti śoka samaḥ ripuḥ || 2-62-15
15. shokaH = grief; naashayate = ruins; dairyam = courage; shokaH = grief; naashayate = ruins; shrutam = sacred learning; shokaH = all; naasti = there is not; ripuH = enemy; shokasamaH = like grief.
"Grief ruins courage. Grief ruins sacred learning, grief ruins all. There is no enemy like grief."
śakyam āpatitaḥ soḍhum praharaḥ ripu hastataḥ |
soḍhum āpatitaḥ śokaḥ susūkṣmaḥ api na śakyate || 2-62-16
16. prahaaraH = A hitting; aapatitaH = that; descended; ripuhastataH = from the hands of an enemy; shakyaH = is possible to be; soDhum = tolerated; shokaH = the grief; su suukSmo.api = even if so small; aapatitaH = suddenly; na shakyate = is not possible to; soDhum = tolerated.
"A hitting that descended from the hands of an enemy is possible to be tolerated. But, the grief suddenly descended, even if so small, is not possible to be tolerated."
darmajñāḥ śrutimanto.api cinnadharmārthasaṃśayāḥ |
yatayo vīra muhyanti śokasammūḍhacetasaḥ || 2-62-17
17. viira = O; valiant man; yatayaH.api = even ascetis; dharmaJNaaH = who know righteousness; shrutimantaH = who have learnt sacred texts; chinna dharmaartha samshayaaH = who have retn asunder doubts relating to religious merit and wealth; muhyanti = go astray; shoka sammuuDha cetasaH = having their minds infatuated with grief.
"O, valiant man! Even ascetics, who know righteousness, who have learnt sacred texts and who have rent asunder doubts relating to religious merit and wealth, go astray having their minds infatuated with grief."
vana vāsāya rāmasya panca rātraḥ adya gaṇyate |
yaḥ śoka hata harṣāyāḥ panca varṣa upamaḥ mama || 2-62-18
18. gaNyate = it is counted; adya = today; paNcaraatraH = as five days; raamasya = since Rama; vanavaasaaya = has gone to exile; yaH = which; mama = for me; shoka hata harSayaaH = whose happiness is mined by grief; paNcavarSopamaH = equal to five years.
"Today it is counted as five days since Rama has gone to exile. It is equal to five years for me, since grief has ruined my happiness."
tam hi cintayamānāyāḥ śoko ayam hṛdi vardhate |
adīnām iva vegena samudra salilam mahat || 2-62-19
19. cintayamaanaayaaH = while I think; tam = of Rama; ayam = this; shokaH = grief; hR^idi = in my heart; vardhate = is growing; mahat samudra salilamiva = like water in the great ocean; (increasing); vegena = with the streaming fast; nadiinaam = of rivers.
"While I think of Rama, this grief in my heart is increasing, like water in a great ocean increases with the fast streaming of rivers.
evam hi kathayantyāḥ tu kausalyāyāḥ śubham vacaḥ |
manda raśmir abhūt suryo rajanī ca abhyavartata || 2-62-20
20. kausalyaaH = Kausalya; kathayantyaaH = while telling; shubhamhi = indeed auspicious; vacaH = words; evam = in this way; suuryaH = the sun; abhuut = became; manda rashmiH = feeble = rayed; abhyavartata = turned towards; rajaniica = night too.
While Kausalya was telling auspicious words indeed as aforesaid the sun became feeble and turned towards night too.
tatha prahlāditaḥ vākyaiḥ devyā kausalyayā nṛpaḥ |
śokena ca samākrāntaḥ nidrāyā vaśam eyivān || 2-62-21
21. nR^ipaH = the king; tathaa = thus; prasaaditaH = cheered up; devyaa = by the queen; kausalyayaa = Kausalya; eyivaan = got; vasham = subjected; nidraayaaH = to sleep; samaakraantaH ca = after having been overcome; shokena = be grief.
The king, thus cheered up by the queen Kausalya, got subjected to slumber, after having been overcome by grief.
- - -
ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe dviṣaṣṭitamaḥ sargaḥ
|Top of Page||1||2||3||4|
© June 2003, K. M. K. Murthy