Rama tries to send Lakshmana back to Ayodhya, apprehending trouble for Kousalya and others in the hands of Kaikeyi. Lakshmana however refuses to return to Ayodhya, pleasing his inability to survive in the absence of Rama. Rama thereafter agrees again for Lakshmana's stay in the forest with him.
sa tam vṛkṣam samāsādya saṃdhyām anvāsya paścimām |
rāmaḥ ramayatām śreṣṭhaiti ha uvāca lakṣmaṇam || 2-53-1
1. raamaH = Rama; shreshhTaH = the foremost; ramayataam = of these affording happiness to others; samasaadya = reached; tam vR^ikshham = the aforesaid tree; anvaasya = worshipped; pashchimaam = the western; sandhyaam = twilight; uvaacha ha = and spoke; iti = thus; lakshhmaNam = to Lakshmana:
Rama, the foremost of those affording happiness to others, reached the aforesaid tree, worshipped the western twilight and spoke to Lakshmana as follows:
adya iyam prathamā rātrir yātā jana padāt bahiḥ |
yā sumantreṇa rahitā tām na utkaṇṭhitum arhasi || 2-53-2
2. iyam = "This; raatriH = night; yaa = which; yaatraa = has got past (us); apya = today; bahiH = outside; janapadaat = the inhabited territory; prathamaa = is the first one; rahitaa = without; sumantreNa = Sumantra. naarahasi = You ought not; utkaN^Thitum = repent; taam = over it."
"This might which has got past us today outside the inhabited territory is the first night which has passed without Sumantra. You ought not repent over it."
jāgartavyam atandribhyām adya prabhṛti rātriṣu |
yoga kṣemaḥ hi sītāyā vartate lakṣmaṇa āvayoh || 2-53-3
3. lakshhmaNaH = "Oh; Lakshmana! atandribhyaam = Remaining free from lassitude; jaagartavyam = (we must both) keep awake; raatrishhu = during nights; adya prabhR^iti = from today. yoga kshhemou = The gain and security; siitaayaaH = of Sita; vartate hi = indeed depend; aavayoH = on us two."
"Remaining free from lassitude, we must both keep awake during nights, from today Lakshmana! The safety and welfare of Sita indeed depend on us two."
rātrim kathaṃcit eva imām saumitre vartayāmahe |
upāvartāmahe bhūmāv āstīrya svayam ārjitaiḥ || 2-53-4
4. vartayaamahe = "Let us pass; imaam raatrim = this night; kathamchideva = any how; soumitre = Lakshmana! upaavartaamahe = Let us lie down; bhuumou = on the ground;aastiirya = covering it; aarjitaiH = (by things ) procured; svayam = by our own(hands)."
"Let us pass this night anyhow, Lakshmana! Let us lie down on the ground, covering it by straw, leaves and so on, procured by our own hands."
sa tu samviśya medinyām mahā arha śayana ucitaḥ |
imāḥ saumitraye rāmaḥ vyājahāra kathāḥ śubhāḥ || 2-53-5
5. samvishya = Streching himself; madinyaam = on the ground; saH = Rama; mahaarha shayanochitaH = who was accustomed to a luxurious coach; vyaajahaara = uttered; imaaH = these; shubhaaH = suitable; kathaaH = words; soumitraye = to Lakshmana:
Streching himself on the bare ground, Rama, who was accustomed to a luxurious coach, uttered the following suitable words to Lakshmana:
dhruvam adya mahā rājo duhkham svapiti lakṣmaṇa |
kṛta kāmā tu kaikeyī tuṣṭā bhavitum arhati || 2-53-6
6. dhruvam = "assuredly; mahaaraajaH = the emperor; svapiti = is sleeping; duHkham = badly; adya = to-night; kaikeyiitu = while Kaikeyi; kR^takaamaa = having realized her ambitions; arhati = ought; bhavitum = to feel; tushhTaa = satisfied."
"Assuredly the emperor is sleeping badly tonight, while Kaikeyi, having realized her ambitions, ought to feel satisfied."
sā hi devī mahā rājam kaikeyī rājya kāraṇāt |
api na cyāvayet prāṇān dṛṣṭvā bharatam āgatam || 2-53-7
7. dR^ishhTvaa = "seeing; bharatam = Bharata; aagatam = returned; saa = that; devii = queen; kaikeyii = Kaikeyi; na chyaavayedapi = (I am afraid) may not expel; praaNaan = the lives; mahaaraajam = of the emperor; raajya kaaraNaat = hi indeed for the sake of kingdom."
"Seeing Bharata returned, queen Kaikeyi, I am afraid, may not expel the lives of the emperor for the sake of kingdom."
anāthaḥ caiva vṛddhaḥ ca mayā caiva vinākṛtaḥ |
kim kariṣyati kāma ātmā kaikeyyā vaśam āgataḥ || 2-53-8
8. vR^iddhascha = "aged; anaathashcha = (and therefore) helpless; mayaarinaacha = deprived of my presence; kim karishhyati = what will he do; kR^itaH = dominated as he is; kaamaatmaa = by his passion (for Kaikeyi); aagataH = and who has fallen; kaikeyiivasham = into clutches of Kaikeyi."
"Aged and (therefore) helpless, deprived of my presence, what will he do, dominated as he is by his passion for Kaikeyi and who has fallen into the clutches of Kaikeyi."
idam vyasanam ālokya rājñaḥ ca mati vibhramam |
kāmaeva ardha dharmābhyām garīyān iti me matiḥ || 2-53-9
9. aalokya = "reflecting on; idam = this; vyasanam = misfortune; raaG^yaH = of the king; mativibhramamcha = and his mental derangement; me = my; matiH = belief; iti = (is) that; kaama eva = passion alone; gariiyaan = is stronger; artha dharmaabhyaam = than earthly gain and religious merit."
"Reflecting on this misfortune of the king and his mental derangement, I deem that passion alone is greater than early gain and religious merit."
ko hi avidvān api pumān pramadāyāḥ kṛte tyajet |
canda anuvartinam putram tātaḥ mām iva lakṣmaṇa || 2-53-10
10. kaH pumaan = "what man; avidyaanapi = however deluded; tataH = (what) father; pramadaayaaH kR^ite = on account of a woman; chandaamvartinam = at his own will and pleasure; tyajet = abandon; putram = a son; maamiva = like myself?"
"what man however deluded, what father on account of a woman, at his own will and pleasure, abandon a son like myself?
sukhī bata sabhāryaḥ ca bharataḥ kekayī sutaḥ |
muditān kosalān eko yo bhokṣyati adhirājavat || 2-53-11
11. bataH = "Alas; kaikeyiisutaH = Kaikeyi's son; bharataH = Bharata; ekaH = alone; sukhii = is happy; sa bhaaryaH = along with his wife; yaH = who; adhiraajavat = like an overlord; bhokshhyati = will enjoy; muditaan = the prosperous; kosalaan = kingdom of Kosala."
"Alas, Kaikeyi's son Bharata (alone) is happy along with his wife. Like an overlord, he is going to enjoy the prosperous kingdom of Kosala."
sa hi sarvasya rājyasya mukham ekam bhaviṣyati |
tāte ca vayasā atīte mayi ca araṇyam āśrite || 2-53-12
12. taate = "father; vayasaa atiite = is superannuated. Mayicha = I; aasthite = am staying; areNyam = in the forest. saH = Bharata; bhavishhyanti = will become; ekam = the prime; mukham = head; sarvasya = for the entire; raajyasya = kingdom."
"Father is superannuated. I am staying in the forest. Bharata will become the prime head for the entire kingdom."
artha dharmau parityajya yaḥ kāmam anuvartate |
evam āpadyate kṣipram rājā daśaratho yathā || 2-53-13
13. yaH = "he who; anuvartate = persues; kaamam = sensuous pleasures; parityajya = neglecting; artha dharmou = his real interests and discipline; kshhipram = soon; aapadyate = comes to distress; evam = in the same way; raaja dasharatho yathaa = as king Dasaratha has."
"He who pursues sensuous pleasures neglecting his real interests and discipline soon comes to distress; in the same way as king Dasaratha has."
manye daśaratha antāya mama pravrājanāya ca |
kaikeyī saumya samprāptā rājyāya bharatasya ca || 2-53-14
14. soumya = "Oh;good brother; manye = I think; kaikeyii- = that Kaikeyi; sampraaptaa = came (into our house); dasharathaantaaya = to bring about an end to Dasaratha; mama pravraajanaayacha = to send me into exile; raajyaayacha = (and to secure) kingship; bharatasya = for Bharata."
"It seems that Kaikeyi came into our house, oh good brother, to bring about an end to Dasaratha, to send me into exile and to secure kingship for Bharata."
api idānīm na kaikeyī saubhāgya mada mohitā |
kausalyām ca sumitrām ca samprabādheta mat kṛte || 2-53-15
15. soubhaagya mada mohitaa = "blinded by pride of good fortune; kaikeyii = will Kaikeyi; api idaaniim = even now; na samprabaadheta = not persecute; kausalyaamcha = and Sumitra; matkR^ite = because of their relationship with me."
"Blinded by pride of good fortune, Kaikeyi may even now persecute Kausalya and Sumitra because of their relationship with me."
mā sma mat kāraṇāt devī sumitrā duhkham āvaset |
ayodhyām itaeva tvam kāle praviśa lakṣmaṇa || 2-53-16
16. devii = "queen; sumitraa = Sumitra; maa aavaset sma = will she not dwell; duHkham = with hardship; matkaaraNaat = because of her affinity to me? tvam = You; pravisha = enter; ayodhyaam = Ayodhya; ita eva = from this very place; kaalye = next morning; lakshhmaNa = oh; Lakshmana!"
"Queen Sumitra is likely to suffer hardship because of her affinity to us. From this very place, you proceed to Ayodhya next morning, oh, Lakshmana!"
aham eko gamiṣyāmi sītayā saha daṇḍakān |
anāthāyā hi nāthaḥ tvam kausalyāyā bhaviṣyasi || 2-53-17
17. aham = "I; ekaH = alone; gamishhyaami = will go; siitayaa saha = along with Sita; daNdakaan = to Dandaka forest. tvam = You; bhavishhyasi = become; naathaH = protector; kausalyaa = to Kausalya; anaathaayaaH = the supportless."
"I shall proceed to Dandaka forest alone with Sita, while you will be the protector for Kausalya, who has no defender."
kṣudra karmā hi kaikeyī dveṣāt anyāyyam ācaret |
paridadyā hi dharmajñe bharate mama mātaram || 2-53-18
18. kaikeyii = "Kaikeyi; kshhudra karmaa = of base deeds; aacharet = may resort to; anyaayyam = unjustified means; dveshhyam = to be disliked. paridadyaHhi = Give(for protection); mama = my; maataram = mother; bharate = to Bharata; dharmaG^ye = oh; virtuous prince!"
"Kaikeyi of base deeds may resort to unjustified means to be disliked. Give (for protection) my mother to Bharata, oh virtuous Prince!"
nūnam jāti antare kasmiṃs striyaḥ putraiḥ viyojitāḥ |
jananyā mama saumitre tat api etat upasthitam || 2-53-19
19. kasmin jaatyantare = "In some other birth; soumitre = Oh; Lakshmana; striyaH = women; viyojitaaH = must have been deprived; putraiH = of their sons; mama jananyaa = by my mother. Tasmaat = For that reason; etat = this upasthitam = has arisen; nuunam = certainly."
"In some other (past) birth, women must have been deprived of their sons by my mother (Kausalya), oh, Lakshmana! For that reason this has arisen certainly."
mayā hi cira puṣṭena duhkha samvardhitena ca |
viprāyujyata kausalyā phala kāle dhig astu mām || 2-53-20
20. phala kale = "At a time when benefit is to be obtained; mayaa = by me; kausalyaa = Kausalya; vipraayujyata = has been deprived of my company by me; chirapushhTena = who was nurtured up with great pains; astu = Let it be; dhik = woe; maam = to me."
"At a time when Kausalya should have obtained benefits for her labors repaid by me, she has been deprived of my company by me, who was nurtured by her for a long time and brought up with great pains. Woe to me."
mā sma sīmantinī kācij janayet putram īdṛśam |
saumitre yo aham ambāyā dadmi śokam anantakam || 2-53-21
21. maasma kaachit siimantinii = "Let no woman ever; janayet = give birth; iidR^isham = to such; putram = a son; yaH = as; aham = myself; dadmii = who has given; ananthakam = endless; shokam = sorrow; ambaayaaH = to my mother; soumitre = oh; Lakshmana!"
"Let no woman ever give birth to such a son as myself, who have caused perpetual grief to my mother, oh, Lakshmana!"
manye prīti viśiṣṭā sā mattaḥ lakṣmaṇa sārikā |
yasyāḥ tat śrūyate vākyam śuka pādam arer daśa || 2-53-22
22. manye = "I think; saa shaarikaa = that myna (which is kept as a pet by mother Kausalya); priitivishishhTaa = is more affectionate; mattaH = than I; yasyaaH = (since)her; shruuyate = are heard; tat vaakyam = the words; dasha = "Bite ; shuka = oh; parrot; paadam = the foot; areH = of the enemy'; lakshhmaNa = oh; Lakshmana!"
"Oh, Lakshmana! I think that myna (which is kept as a pet by mother Kausalya) is more affectionate than I, since her are heard the words, "Bite, oh parrot, the foot of the enemy."
śocantyāḥ ca alpa bhāgyāyā na kiṃcit upakurvatā |
purtreṇa kim aputrāyā mayā kāryam arim dama || 2-53-23
23. kim = "what; kaaryam = can be done; mayaa = by me; putreNa = her son; nopakurvataa = who cannot go to her aid; kamchit = even a little(to her); shochantyaaH = who is weeping; alpa bhaagyaayaaH = who is unfortunate; aputraayaaH = and who has no son; arindama = oh; conqueror of foes!"
"What can be done by me, her son, who cannot go to her aid even a little to her, my mother, who is weeping, who is unfortunate and who has no son, oh conqueror of foes?"
alpa bhāgyā hi me mātā kausalyā rahitā mayā |
śete parama duhkha ārtā patitā śoka sāgare || 2-53-24
24. kausalyaa = "Kausalya; me maataa = my mother; alpabhaagyaa hi = of poor luck indeed; rahitaa = bereft; mayaa = of me; parama duhkhaartaaH = is stricken with great melancholy; shate = and lies; patitaa = fallen; shoka saagare = in a sea of grief."
"Kausalya my mother of poor luck indeed, bereft of me, is stricken with great melancholy and lies plunged in a sea of grief"
eko hi aham ayodhyām ca pṛthivīm ca api lakṣmaṇa |
tareyam iṣubhiḥ kruddho nanu vīryam akāraṇam || 2-53-25
25. kruddhaH = "Enraged; aham = I; tareyam = can subdue; ishhubhiH = with my arrows; ekaH = single-handed; ayodhyaamcha = not only Ayodhya; pR^ithiviimchaapi = but also earth; lakshhmaNa = oh Lakshmana! viiryam = Valor; akaaraNam nam = is not the cause; not at all"
"Enraged, I can subdue with my arrows single handed not only Ayodhya but also the earth. But it is not a question of valor here."
adharma bhaya bhītaḥ ca para lokasya ca anagha |
tena lakṣmaṇa na adya aham ātmānam abhiṣecaye || 2-53-26
26. anagha = "Oh; the sinless Lakshmana! aham = I; adharma bhaya bhiitashcha = am terribly concerned of doing wrong; paralokasyacha = and(of ruining my prospects) in the other world. tena = For that reason; aatmaanam = I do not allow myself; naabhishhechaye = to be crowned"
"Oh, the sinless Lakshmana! I am terribly concerned of doing wrong and of ruining my prospects in the other world. Hence, I do not allow myself to be crowned."
etat anyac ca karuṇam vilapya vijane bahu |
aśru pūrṇa mukho rāmaḥ niśi tūṣṇīm upāviśat || 2-53-27
27. raamaH = Rama; nishi = during the night; vijane = in the lonely forest; vilapya = wailed; karuNam = piteously; etat = thus; anyashcha = and in other ways; upaavishat = sat; tushhN^iim = quite; ashrupuurNa mukhaH = his face full of tears.
Rama during the night in that lonely forest, wailed piteously thus and in so many other ways and sat quite, his face full of tears.
vilapya uparatam rāmam gata arciṣam iva analam |
samudram iva nirvegam āśvāsayata lakṣmaṇaḥ || 2-53-28
28. kajShmaNaH = Lakshmana; aashvaasayata = consoled; raamam = Rama (as follows); uparatam = when the latter had ceased lamenting; analam iva = like a fire; gataarchiSam = whose flames had gone out; samudramiva = and as a sea; nirvegam = without a violent motion.
Lakshmana consoled Rama as follows when the later had ceased lamenting like a fire whose flames had gone out and as a sea without a violent motion.
dhruvam adya purī rāmāyodhyā yudhinām vara |
niṣprabhā tvayi niṣkrānte gata candrā iva śarvarī || 2-53-29
29. ayodhyaa purii = "the city of Ayodhya; adya = now; tvayi = you; nishhkraante = have come away from it; dhruvam = has certainly; nishhprabhaa = been divested of its splendor; sharvariiva = and resembles a night; gatachandraa = without the moon; raajan = Oh; king; vara = the jewel; aayudhinaam = among armed warriors!"
"The city of Ayodhya, now that you have come away from it, has certainly been divested of its splendor and resembles a night without the moon, Oh, Rama the jewel among armed warriors!"
na etat aupayikam rāma yad idam paritapyase |
viṣādayasi sītām ca mām caiva puruṣa ṛṣabha || 2-53-30
30. etat = "this; na = is not; oupayikam = proper; raama = oh Rama; yat paritapyate = that you should grieve; idam = in the manner. vishhaadayasi = You cause distress; siitamcha = to Sita; maamchaiva = and me too; purushharshhabha = oh jewel among men!"
"It is not proper, oh Rama, that you should grieve in this way. You cause distress to Sita and me too, oh jewel among men!"
na ca sītā tvayā hīnā na ca aham api rāghava |
muhūrtam api jīvāvo jalān matsyāv iva uddhṛtau || 2-53-31
31. raaghava = "Oh; Rama! hiinaa = Bereft; tvayaa = of you; siitaa = Sita; na = will not survive. ahamapi = I also; na jiivaavaH = We shall not survive; muhuurtamapi = even for a moment; matsyaaviva = like fishes; uddhR^iton = pulled out of water."
"Oh, Rama! Bereft of you , neither Sita nor I will not survive even for a moment, like fish pulled out of water."
na hi tātam na śatrughnam na sumitrām param tapa |
draṣṭum icceyam adya aham svargam vā api tvayā vinā || 2-53-32
32. paramtapa = "Oh; Rama causing pain to the foes! Tvayaa vinaa = without you; aham = I; na hi ichchheyam = do not wish; drashhTum = to see either; taatam = our father; na = nor; shatrughnam = Satrughna; sumitraam = Sumitra; svargamvaapi = nor even heaven."
"Oh, Rama causing pain to the foes! Without you, I do not wish to see either our father or Satrughna or Sumitra or even the heaven."
tatastatra sukhāsīne nātidūre nirīkṣya tām |
nyagrodhe sukṛtām śayyām bhejāte dharmavatsalau || 2-53-33
33. tataH = then; dharmavatsalou = Rama and Lakshmana; the lovers of piety; sukhasiinou = sitting comfortably; tatra = there; niriikshhya = (and) seeing; taam shayyaam = that bed; sukR^itaam = well arranged; nyagrodha = under a banyan tree; bhejate = sought (for the bed)."
Then Rama and Lakshmana the lovers of piety, sitting comfortably there and on seeing a bed well- prepared under a banyan tree, sought for the bed.
sa lakṣmaṇasya uttama puṣkalam vaco |
niśamya ca evam vana vāsam ādarāt |
samāḥ samastā vidadhe param tapaḥ |
prapadya dharmam sucirāya rāghavaḥ || 2-53-34
34. saH raaghavaH = that Rama; paramtapaH = the terminator of foes; aadaraat = attentively; nishamya = hearing; lakshhmaNasya = Lakshmana's; vachaH = words; uttama pushhkalam = which were excellent and holistic; prapadya = and adopting; suchiraaya = for a fairly long period; dharmam = the course of conduct prescribed for hermits; vidadhe = resolved; samastaaH = (to stand) all; samaaH = the years; vanavaasam = in exile(with Lakshmana).
Attentively hearing Lakshmana's words which were excellent and wholistic and adopting for a fairly long period the course of conduct prescribed for hermits, Rama resolved to spend all the fourteen years in exile with Lakshmana.
tatastu tasmin vijane vane tadā |
mahābalau rāghavavaṃśavardhanau |
na tau bhayam sambhramamabhyupeyatu |
ryathaiva simhau girisānugocarau || 2-53-35
35. tataH tadaa = thence forward; tasmin vane = in that forest; vijane = which was lonely; tou = those; mahaabalou raaghava vamsha vardhanon = (two) powerful offspring of the Raghu race; na abhyupeyatuH = did not admit; bhayam = fear; sambhramam = or agitation; simhou yathaiva = like unto two lions; girisaanu gocharon = dwelling on the slopes of a mountain.
Thence forward, those two powerful offspring of the Raghu race (Rama and Lakshmana) never admitted fear or agitation (while dwelling) in that vast and lonely forest any more than a couple of lions on the slopes of a mountain.
- - -
iti vālmīki rāmāyaṇe ādi kāvye ayodhya kāṇḍe tripañcaśaḥ sargaḥ
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