Having traveled for a pretty long distance, Rama crossed Vedasruti, Gomati and Syandika rivers. He presses forward in the chariot talking with Sumantra.
rāmaḥ api rātri śeṣeṇa tena eva mahad antaram |
jagāma puruṣa vyāghraḥ pitur ājñām anusmaran || 2-49-1
1. raamo.api = Also Rama; purushhavyaaghraH = the tiger among men; anusmaran = remembering; aaG^yaam = the command; pituH = of his father; jagaama = obtained; mahat = a long; antaram = distance; tena = (during) that; raatrisesheNa = rest of the night.
Rama the tiger among men, revolving in his mind the command of his father, covered a long distance during the rest of the night.
tathaiva gaccataḥ tasya vyapāyāt rajanī śivā |
upāsya sa śivām saṃdhyām viṣaya antam vyagāhata || 2-49-2
2. shivaa = delightful; rajanii = night; vyapaayat = passed away; tasya = (while) Rama; gachchhataH eva = was traveling; tathaa = in that way. saH = Rama; upaasya = having worshipped; shivam = the blissful; sandhyaam = (morning) twilight; vyagaahata = passed beyond; vishhayaantam = the boundary of that country.
While Rama was traveling with the same alacrity, that delightful night passed away. Having worshipped the blissful morning twilight, he passed beyond the boundary of that country.
grāmān vikṛṣṭa sīmān tān puṣpitāni vanāni ca |
paśyann atiyayau śīghram śaraiḥ iva haya uttamaiḥ || 2-49-3
śṛṇvan vāco manuṣyāṇām grāma samvāsa vāsinām |
3. pashyan = seeing; graamaan = villages; vikR^ishhTa siimaanaan = whose outskirts have been filled; vanaamicha = and woodlands; pushhpitaani = laden with blossoms; shR^iNvan = hearing; vachaH = the words; manushhyaaNaam = of men; graama samvaasa vaasinaam = dwelling together in mist of the village; shiighram = proceeded apace; shanairiva = as though slowly; atiyayon = and passed over those villages.
Seeing villages, whose outskirts have been tilled and the woodlands laden with blossoms and hearing as follows the words of men dwelling together in the midst of the village, Rama proceeded apace in those excellent horses as though slowly (engrossed as he was in enjoying the sights).
rājānam dhig daśaratham kāmasya vaśam āgatam || 2-49-4
hā nṛśaṃsa adya kaikeyī pāpā pāpa anubandhinī |
tīkṣṇā sambhinna maryādā tīkṣṇe karmaṇi vartate || 2-49-5
yā putram īdṛśam rājñaḥ pravāsayati dhārmikam |
vana vāse mahā prājñam sānukrośam atandritam || 2-49-6
4;5;6. "dhik = woe unto; raajaanaam = the king Dasaratha; vashamaagatam = who fell into the clutches; kaamasya = of concupiscence. haa = Alas! Kaikeyi = Kaikeyi; nR^ishamasaa = the cruel; paapaa = and the sinful; adya = now; paapaanubandhinii = is following the sin. Yaa = which Kaikeyi; pravaasayati = is sending to exile; iidR^isham = such; raaG^yaHputram = prince Rama; dhaarmikam = the pious man; mahaapraaG^yam = a great intellectual; saanukrosham = the compassionate man; jitendriyam = he who has subdued senses; tiikshhNaa = that hot tempered Kaikeyi; vartate = is abiding; tiikshhNa karmaNi = in a rude action; sambhinna maryaadaa = transgressing the bounds of propriety.
"Woe unto the king Dasaratha who fell into the clutches of concupiscence. Alas! Kaikeyi the cruel and the sinful one now is still engaged in a cruel game. She is sending to exile the prince Rama, the pious man, the great intellectual, the compassionate man and he who subdued the senses. That hot-tempered Kaikeyi is behaving in a rude manner, transgressing the bounds of propriety"
katham nāma mahābhāgā sītā janakanandinī |
sadā sukheṣvabhiratā duḥkhānyanubhaviṣyati || 2-49-7
7. "katham naama = how; siita = Sita;mahaabhaagaa = the venerable woman; janaka nandinii = the daughter of king Janaka; abhirathaa = who was delighted; sadaa = always; sukheshhu = in(homely)comforts; anubhavishhyati = can experience; duHkhaani = difficulties (in the forest)?"
"How Sita the venerable woman, the daughter of Janaka, who was delighted always in homely comforts can now experience hardships in the forest?"
aho daśaratho rājā nisnehaḥ svasuta priyam |
prajānāmanagham rāmam parityaktumihecchati || 2-49-8
8. "rajaa = the king; dasharathaH = Dasaratha; nisnehaH = having no love; svasutam = for his son; iha = now; ichchhati = wants; parityaktum = to abandon; raamam = Rama; priyam = who is beloved; prajaanam = to his people; anagham = and faultless; aho = what a surprise!"
"What a surprise! The king Dasaratha, having no love for his son, now wants to abandon Rama who is so beloved to the people and is even faultless."
etā vāco manuṣyāṇām grāma samvāsa vāsinām |
śṛṇvann ati yayau vīraḥ kosalān kosala īśvaraḥ || 2-49-9
9. shruNvaa = hearing; etaaH = these; vaachaH = words; manushhyaaNaam = of people; graama samvaasa vaasinaam = residing in villages and hamlets; viirah = the heroic; kosaleshvaraH = prince of Kosala; atiyayon = crossed the boundaries; kosalaan = of Kosala state.
Hearing these words of people residing in villages and hamlets, Rama the heroic prince of Kosala crossed the boundaries of Kosala state.
tataḥ veda śrutim nāma śiva vāri vahām nadīm |
uttīrya abhimukhaḥ prāyāt agastya adhyuṣitām diśam || 2-49-10
10. uthiirya = having crossed; nadiim = the river; shiva vaarivahaam = of auspicious waters; vedashrutim naama = named Vedashruti; tataH praayaat = he then proceeded forth; abhimukhaH = facing; disham = the quarter; agastyaadhyushhitaam = occupied by the Sage Agastya.
Having crossed the river of auspicious waters called Vedashruti, Rama then stretched forth, facing the quarter occupied by Sage Agastya.
gatvā tu suciram kālam tataḥ śīta jalām nadīm |
gomatīm goyuta anūpām atarat sāgaram gamām || 2-49-11
11. gatvaa = after traveling; suchiram kaalam = for a pretty time; tataH = from there; atarat = (Rama) crossed; nadiim = the river; gomatiim = called Gomati; shivajalaam = having beautiful waters; goyutaa nuupam = whose banks were adorned with cows; saagarangamaam = and headed towards the sea.
After traveling a pretty long time from there, Rama crossed the river Gomati having beautiful waters, whose banks were adorned with cows and which headed towards the sea.
gomatīm ca api atikramya rāghavaḥ śīghragaiḥ hayaiḥ |
mayūra haṃsa abhirutām tatāra syandikām nadīm || 2-49-12
12. raaghavaH = Rama;atikramya = crossing; gomatiimcha api = Gomati river too; hayaiH = by horses; shiighragaiH = which are swift-moving; tataara = crossed; nadiim = the river; syandikaam = called Syandika; mayuura hamsaabhirutaam = resounding with howls of peacocks and swans.
Reaching the other bank of Gomati river with the help of the swift moving horses, Rama crossed the river called Syandika which had resounded with howls of peacocks and swans.
sa mahīm manunā rājñā dattām ikṣvākave purā |
sphītām rāṣṭra āvṛtām rāmaḥ vaidehīm anvadarśayat || 2-49-13
13. raamaH = that Rama; anvadarshayat = showed; vaidehiim = to Sita; mahiim = (that) land; dattaam = given; raaG^yaa = by the king; manunaa = Manu; ikshvaakave = to Ikshvaku; puraa = long ago; raashhTraavR^taam = filled with territories; sphiitaam = many in number.
The said Rama showed to Sita the land (of Kosala, the southern boundary of which was defined by Syandika river)given long ago by the king Manu to Ikshvaku and which was bounded by many territories.
sūtaiti eva ca ābhāṣya sārathim tam abhīkṣṇaśaḥ |
haṃsa matta svaraḥ śrīmān uvāca puruṣa ṛṣabhaḥ || 2-49-14
14. shriimaan = the glorious Rama; purushharshhabhaH = the foremost among men; hamsa matta svaraH = whose voice resembled the cackling of a swan in rut; aabhaashhya = addressed; tam saarathim = that charioteer; abhiikshhNashaH = with great affection; suuta ityeva = in the words "Oh; charioteer!" uvaacha = (and) spoke( as follows) :
The glorious Rama, the foremost among men, whose voice resembled the cackling of a swan in rut, addressed the charioteer with great affection, in the words "Oh, charioteer!" and spoke as follows :
kadā aham punar āgamya sarayvāḥ puṣpite vane |
mṛgayām paryāṭaṣyāmi mātrā pitrā ca samgataḥ || 2-49-15
15. " kadaa = when; punaraagamya = coming back; sangataH = and united; maatraa = with mother; pitraacha = and father; paryaTishhyaami = shall I roam; mR^igayaam = hunting; vane = in the forest; sarayvaaH = bordering on Sarayu river; pushhpite = and laden with blossoms?"
"When, coming back and united with my mother and father, shall I roam hunting in the forest, bordering on Sarayu river and laden with blossoms?"
na atyartham abhikānkṣāmi mṛgayām sarayū vane |
ratir hi eṣā atulā loke rāja ṛṣi gaṇa sammatā || 2-49-16
rājarṣīṇām hi loke.asmin ratyartham mṛgayā vane |
kāle kṛtām tām manujairdhanvināmabhikāṅkṣitām || 2-49-17
16;17. eshhaa = this hunting; ratirhi = is a delightful sport; atulaa = made much of; loke = in the world; raajarshhi gaNasammataa = approved by a host of royal sages; naabhikaaNkshhaami = I do not hanker; atyartham = much; mR^igayaam = of hunting; sarayuuvane = in the woodlands bordering in Sarayu . mR^igayaa = hunting; vane = in the forest; ratyarthamhi = is for gratification indeed; raajarshhiiNaam = of royal sages; asmin loke = in this world ; .kR^itaam = (It was) adopted; kaale = at times; manujaiH = by the sons of Manu; abhikaaNkshhitaam = and sought after by; dhanvinaam = bowmen. taam = That hunting;(I do not long for it excessively).
"I do not hanker much after hunting in the woodlands bordering on Sarayu river. In fact it is a delightful spot, made much of in the world by hosts of royal sages. Hunting in the forest is indeed for gratification of royal sages in this world. At times; the bow- men adopted it. But I do not long for it excessively."
sa tam adhvānam aikṣvākaḥ sūtam madhurayā girā
tam tam artham abhipretya yayauvākyam udīrayan || 2-49-18
18. udiirayan = uttering; madhurayaa = in sweet; giraa = voice; suutam = to the charioteer; tam tam = on various; artham = topics; abhipretya = dearer; (to him) saH ikshhvaakaH = that Rama; yayou = went; adhvaanam = along that route.
Uttering in sweet voice to the charioteer on various topics dearer to him, Rama advanced thus along that route.
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iti vālmīki rāmāyaṇe ādi kāvye ayodhya kāṇḍe ekonapañcāśaḥ sargaḥ
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© Sept 2002, K. M. K. Murthy