This chapter describes Lakshmana's anger and Rama consoling Lakshmana.
tathā tu vilapantīm tām kausalyām rāma mātaram |
uvāca lakṣmaṇo dīnaḥ tat kāla sadṛśam vacaḥ || 2-21-1
1. lakshhmaNaH = Lakshmana; diinaH = became dejected; uvaacha = spoke; vachaH = the words; tatkaala sadR^isham = suitable for that time; taam kausalyyaam = to that kausalya; rama maataram = Rama's mother; tathaa = thus; vilapantiim = weaping.
Lakshmana became dejected and spoke these words, properly befitting for that time, to that Rama's mother Kausalya who was thus weeping.
na rocate mama api etat ārye yad rāghavo vanam |
tyaktvā rājya śriyam gaccet striyā vākya vaśam gataḥ || 2-21-2
2. "aarye = Oh; the venerable lady! atat = this; na rochate = is not liking; mamaapi = to me also; itiyat = as in the manner this; raaghavaH = Rama; vaakyaarasham gataH = being influenced by the words; striyaaH = of a woman; gachchhet = go; vanam = to forest; tyaktvaa = leaving; raajya sriiyam = prosperous kingdom."
"Oh, the honoured lady ! I also do not like Rama to be influenced by the words of a woman and go to the forest, leaving the prosperous kingdom."
viparītaḥ ca vṛddhaḥ ca viṣayaiḥ ca pradharṣitaḥ |
nṛpaḥ kim iva na brūyāc codyamānaḥ samanmathaḥ || 2-21-3
3. "nR^ipaH = king; vipariitasheha = with perverted mind; vR^idhdhhashcha = old aged; pradharshhitaH = who is outraged; vishhayaiH = by sensual enjoyments; samanimadhaH = who is possessed of passion; na bruuyaat = can he not talk; kimiva = of anything; chodyamaanaH = prompted (by Kaikeyi).
"The king with perverted mind, of old age, one who is outraged by sensual enjoyments and possessed of passion can talk any thing, prompted by Kaikeyi."
na asya aparādham paśyāmi na api doṣam tathā vidham |
yena nirvāsyate rāṣṭrāt vana vāsāya rāghavaḥ || 2-21-4
4. na pashyaami = I can neither see; aparaadham = offence; na pashyaami = nor can I see; doshshamapi = even fault; asya = in him; tathaa vidham = that can; yena = by any means; nirvaasyate = expel; raaghavaH = Rama; raashhTraat = from state ; vanavaasaaya = to forest."
"I can not see any offence or cause for blame in Rama that can expel him from the state to the forest."
na tam paśyāmy aham loke parokṣam api yo naraḥ |
svamitro.api nirasto.api yo.asyadoṣamudāharet || 2-21-5
5. aham = I; na pashyaami = have not seen; loke = in this world; tam = such a person; udaaharet = who talks; dosham = ill; asya = of Rama; parokshhamapi = even indirectly; yaH naraH = that person who is; svamitro api = even an enemy; nirasto api = or an expellee."
I have not seen in this world any person, whether an enemy or an expellee, speaking ill of Rama indirectly."
deva kalpam ṛjum dāntam ripūṇām api vatsalam |
avekṣamāṇaḥ ko dharmam tyajet putram akāraṇāt || 2-21-6
6. "kaH = who; avekshhamaaNaH = observing; dharmam = ethicalness; akaaraNaat = causelessly; tyajet = get rid of; putram = son; devakalpam = who is equal to god; R^ijum = who is honest; daantam = who is self-restrained; vatsalam = who is affectionate; R^ipuuNaamapi = even towards enemies?"
"Can anybody observing ethicalness, causelessly get rid of a son who is equal to god who is honest, who is self-restrained and who is affectionate even towards adversaries?"
tat idam vacanam rājñaḥ punar bālyam upeyuṣaḥ |
putraḥ ko hṛdaye kuryāt rāja vRttam anusmaran || 2-21-7
7. "kaH = which son; anusmaran = who remembers; raja vR^ittam = royal usage; kuryaat = act; hR^idaye = with heart; tat idam vachanam = such of these words; raajJNaH = of king; upeyushhaH = who got; baalyam = childhood punaH = again?"
"Which son, knowing royal usage, can agree to the words of this king who is behaving as though he got childhood again?"
yāvad eva na jānāti kaścit artham imam naraḥ |
tāvad eva mayā sādham ātmastham kuru śāsanam ||2-21-8
8. "yaavadeva = even till; kashchit = any; naraH = person; na jaanaati = does not know; ivam artham = this matter; taava deva = in the mean time; kuru = make; shaasanam = dominion; aatmastham = your own; mayaa sa ardham = together with me."
"Even before others get to know about this matter, make this dominion your own, with my help."
mayā pārśve sadhanuṣā tava guptasya rāghava |
kaḥ samartho adhikam kartum kṛta antasya iva tiṣṭhataḥ || 2-21-9
9. raaghava = Oh; Rama! guptasya = protected; mayaa = by me ; parshve = on your side; sadhamshhaa = along with a bow; tishhThataH = you standing; kR^itaantasyeva = like Yama; the god of death; kaH = who; samarthaH = the competent one; kartum = to do; adhikam = too much?"
"Oh, Rama! While I am standing by your side along with a bow, protecting you who are standing as God of Death, who is capable of doing too much ?"
nirmanuṣyām imām sarvām ayodhyām manuja ṛṣabha |
kariṣyāmi śaraiaḥ tīkṣṇaiḥ yadi sthāsyati vipriye || 2-21-10
10. manushharshhabha = Oh the best of men! sthaasyati yadi = If it stands; vipriye = disagreeable to you; karishhyaami = I shall make; imaam = this; kR^itsnaam = entire; ayodhyam = Ayodhya; nirmanushhyaam = deserted of people; sharaH tiikshhNaiH = with sharp arrows."
"Oh, Rama, the best of men! If the city of Ayodhya turns against you, I shall make it desolate of men with sharp arrows"
bharatasya atha pakṣyo vā yo vā asya hitam iccati |
sarvān etān vadhiṣyāmi mṛdur hi paribhūyate || 2-21-11
11. "atha = and vadhishhyaami = I shall kill; etaam sarvaan = all those; pakshhyovaa = who are siding; bharatasya = Bharata; yovaa = and who; ichchhati = desire; asya = his; hitam = benefit; mR^iduH = soft person; paribhuuyate hi = indeed gets disgraced."
"I shall kill all those who are siding Bharata ,and are favourable to him. Soft person indeed gets disgraced!"
protsāhito.ayam kaikeyyā sa duṣṭo yadiḥ pitā |
amitrabhūto nissaṅgam vadhyatām badhyatāmapi || 2-21-12
12. "protsaahitaH = Instigated; kaikeyyaa = by Kaikeyi saH = such of; naH putraa = our father; dushhTaH = as bad person; amitra bhuutaH = becomes enemy; ayam badhyataam = let him be imprisoned; mi ssaNgam = without personal attachment; vaadhyataamapi = and be killed!"
"If our father with an evil mind behaves like our enemy with instigation by Kaikeyi. I shall keep him imprisoned with out personal attachment or if necessary, kill him."
gurorapyavaliptasya kāryākāryamajānataḥ |
utphatham pratipannasya kāryam bhavati śāsanm || 2-21-13
13. gurorapi = Even for a venerable person; avaliptasya = who is arrogant; ajaanataH = who does not know; kaaryaakaaryam = good and evil actions; pratipunnasya = who resorts to; utpatham = wrong route; shaasanam = punishment; bhavati = becomes; kaaryam = feasible."
"Even a venerable person is to be punished, if he becomes arrogant, if he does not know good and evil actions and if he takes to a wrong route."
balameṣa kimāśritya hetum vā puruṣarṣabha |
dātumicchati kaikeyya rājyam sthitamidam tava || 2-21-14
14. purushharshhabha = Oh the best of men! kim = what; balam = strength; hetum vaa = or reason; eshhaH = he; aastritya = has taken shelter; ichchhati = desiring ; daatum = to give; idam = this ; raajyam = kingdom; tava sthitam = belonging to you; kaikeyyai = for Kaikeyi.
"Oh, Rama, the best of men! On what strength or season has he taken shelter to give away this kingdom belonging to you to Kaikeyi?"
tvayā caiva mayā caiva kṛtvā vairam anuttamam |
kasya śaktiḥ śriyam dātum bharatāya ari śāsana || 2-21-15
15. arishaasana = Oh; the chastiser of enemies ! kaa shaktiH = what ability is there; asya = to him; daatum = to give; shriyam = high rank; bharataaya = to Bharata; kR^itvaa = by making; anuttamam = great; vairam = enmity; tvayaa chaiva = with you; mayaa chaiva = and with me."
"Oh, Rama the chestiser of enemies! Where is the ability for him to give kingdom to Bharata, by making great enmity against you and me "
anuraktaḥ asmi bhāvena bhrātaram devi tattvataḥ |
satyena dhanuṣā caiva dattena iṣṭena te śape || 2-21-16
16. devi = Oh; queen! tattvataH = really; anuraktaH asmi = I am attached; bhaavena = devotedly; bhraataram = my brother Rama; shape = I am swearing an oath; te = to you; satyena = by truth; dhanushhaachaiva = by bow; daltena = by the act of giving; ishhTena = by the act of sacrifice."
"Oh, queen! Really, I am devotedly attached to my brother Rama. I am swearing an oath to you by truth by bow, by the act of giving and by the act of sacrifice."
dīptam agnim araṇyam vā yadi rāmaḥ pravekṣyate |
praviṣṭam tatra mām devi tvam pūrvam avadhāraya || 2-21-17
17. devi = oh;queen! ramaH pravekshhyati yadi = If Rama can enter; diiptam = blazing; agnim = fire; araNyam vaa = or forest; tvam = you avadhaaraya = make certain; puurvam = even before; maam = mine; pravishhTam = who can enter; tatra = there.
"Oh, queen! If Rama can enter blazing fire or forest, you make certain that even before, I can enter there"
harāmi vīryāt duhkham te tamaḥ sūryaiva uditaḥ |
devī paśyatu me vīryam rāghavaḥ caiva paśyatu || 2-21-18
18. haraami = I shall alleviate; te duHkham = your grief; viiryaat = by my valour; tama iva = as darkness; uditaH = by rising; suuryaH = sun; pashyatu devii = Let the queen see; me viiryam = my valour; pashyatu raaghavashchaiva = Let Rama also see."
"I shall alleviate your grief, by showing my valour like the rising sun alleviating darkness .Let Rama and yourself see my valour"
etat tu vacanam śrutvā lakṣmaṇasya mahātmanaḥ |
uvāca rāmam kausalyā rudantī śoka lālasā || 2-21-19
19. shrutva = Hearing; etat vachanam = this word; lakshmaNasya = of Lakshmana; mahaat manaH = the magnanimous; kausalya = Kausalya; shokalaalasaa = entirely; given up to anguish; rudaati = weaping; uvaacha = spoke; raamam = to Rama.
Hearing these words of Lakshmana the magnanimous, Kausalya entirely given up to anguish and weaping, spoke thus to Rama.
bhrātus te vadataḥ putra lakṣmaṇasya śrutam tvayā |
yad atra anantaram tat tvam kuruṣva yadi rocate || 2-21-20
20. putra = Oh;son shrutam = It is heard tvayaa = by you; te = your; bhraatuaH = brother lakshhmanasya = Lakshmana; vadataH = speaking; rochate yadi = If you agree; kurushhva = you do; yat = what; kaaryam = action to be done; anantaram = immediately after."
"Oh, son !You have heard the words of Lakshmana .If you agree, you do what is to be done, immediately."
na ca adharmyam vacaḥ śrutvā sapatnyā mama bhāṣitam |
vihāya śoka samtaptām gantum arhasi mām itaḥ || 2-21-21
21. na arhasi = you are not suited; gantum = to go; itaha = from here; vihaaya = leaving; maam = me; sokasamtaptaam = in deep grief; shrutvaa = hearing; adharmyam vachaH = the un-just words; bhaashitam = said; mama sapatnyaa = by my co-wife.
"It is not proper for you to go away from here, leaving me afflicted with grief, after hearing the un-just words spoken by my co-wife."
dharmajña yadi dharmiṣṭho dharmam caritum iccasi |
śuśrūṣa mām ihasthaḥ tvam cara dharmam anuttamam || 2-21-22
22. dharmajJNa = Oh; the knower of goodness! tvam ichchhasi yadi = If you desire; charitum = to practice dharmam = virtue; dharnushhTaH = be a virtuous man; ihasthaH = stay here; shushruushha = serve maam = me chara = practice anuttamam = best dharmam = goodness"
"Oh, Rama! You are righteous man. If you desire to practice virtue, be a virtuous man and stay here serving me thereby practicing the best morality in the form of serving your mother.
śuśrūṣur jananīm putra sva gṛhe niyataḥ vasan |
pareṇa tapasā yuktaḥ kāśyapaḥ tridivam gataḥ || 2-21-23
23. kaasyapaH = sage; kasyapa niyataH = with self restraint; vasan = was residing; svagR^ihe = in own house; yuktaH = accompanied; vareNa tapasaa = with great austerity; sushruushhuH = of serving; jananiim = the mother; gataH = went; tridivam = to heaven"
"Oh, son! Formerly Kasyapa was staying in his own house itself with self restraint, performed great austerity by serving his mother and went to heaven"
yathā eva rājā pūjyaḥ te gauraveṇa tathā hi aham |
tvām na aham anujānāmi na gantavyam itaḥ vanam || 2-21-24
24. yathaiva = Just as raajaa = king; gouraveNa = by respectable feeling; te = to you; puUjyaH = is worthy of worship; aham = I am also; tathaa hi = indeed so; naanujaanaami = I am not permitting ; tvaam = you; nagantavyam = it is proper to go; itaH = from here; vanam = to forest"
"Just as the king, by respectable feeling to you is worthy of worship, so also being your mother, I am worthy of worship to you. Hence, do not go to the forest"
tvad viyogān na me kāryam jīvitena sukhena vā |
tvayā saha mama śreyaḥ tṛṇānām api bhakṣaṇam || 2-21-25
25. tvadviyogaat = Because of your separation; na kaaryam = there is no purpose; jiivitena = for life; su khena vaa = or comforts; mama = for me; shreyaH = it is good; bhakshhaNam api = even to eat; tR^iNaanaam = grass; tvayaa saha = while staying with you"
"After your separation, I shall have no use of this life or comforts for me, it is good even to eat grass while staying with you"
yadi tvam yāsyasi vanam tyaktvā mām śoka lālasām |
aham prāyam iha āsiṣye na hi śakṣyāmi jīvitum || 2-21-26
26. tvaam yaasyasiyadi = If you go; vanam = to forest; tyaktvaa = leaving; maam = me; shokalaalasaam = who is afflicted with grief; aham = I praayam asishhye = shall seek death through starvation; iha = here; na shakshhyaami hi = Indeed; I shall not be able; jiivutum = to live
"I shall not live if you leave for the forest, leaving me who is afflicted with grief. I shall seek death through starvation"
tataḥ stvam prāpsyase putra nirayam loka viśrutam |
brahma hatyām iva adharmāt samudraḥ saritām patiḥ || 2-21-27
27. putra = Oh;son! tataH = Thereafter; tvam = you; praapsyase = will attain; lokavishrutam = the universally famous; nirayam = hell; brahmahatyaamiva = like obtaining the sin of killing a Brahmana by; samudraH = the god of ocean; saritaampatiH = lord of rivers adharmaat = due to un justice behaviour"
"Oh, son! If I fast myself to death for your sake, you will attain the universally famous hell, like the god of the ocean obtaining trouble because of his un justice behaviour, towards the sage called Pippalada, producing the latter's wrath."
vilapantīm tathā dīnām kausalyām jananīm tataḥ |
uvāca rāmaḥ dharma atmā vacanam dharma samhitam || 2-21-28
28. tataH = thereafter; dharmaatma = righteous words ; raamaH = Rama; uvaacha = spoke; vachanam = the words; dharmasamhitam = attended with virtuous; kausalyaam = to Kausalya; jananiim = the mother; tathaa = thus; vilapantiim = weaping; diinaam = miserably.
The honest Rama spoke these virtuous words to his mother Kausalya, who was thus weeping miserably.
na asti śaktiḥ pitur vākyam samatikramitum mama |
prasādaye tvām śirasā gantum iccāmy aham vanam || 2-21-29
29. naasti = there is no; shaktiH = ability; mama = for me ; samatikramitum = to violet; pituH = father's; vaakyam = words; aham = I; prasaadaye = am asking for favour; tvaam = to you; shirasaa = with head; ichchaami = I wish gantum = to go; vanam = to forest."
"I am not able to violate my father's words. I am bowing my head and asking your favour. I shall have to go to the forest"
ṛṣiṇā ca pitur vākyam kurvatā vrata cāriṇā |
gaur hatā jānatā dharmam kaṇḍunā api vipaścitā || 2-21-30
30. gouH api = Even a cow; hataa = was killed; kurvataa = acting as per; pituH = father's; vaakyam = words; kandunaa = by Kandu; R^ishhiNaa = the sage; vratachaariNaa = who performed religious vows; jaanataa = who knew; dharmam = righteousness; vipashchita = who was learned."
"A sage called Kandu, who knew righteousness, who performed religious vows and who was a learned man, killed even a cow, acting as per his father's words"
asmākam ca kule pūrvam sagarasya ājñayā pituḥ |
khanadbhiḥ sāgaraiḥ bhūtim avāptaḥ sumahān vadhaḥ || 2-21-31
31. puurvam = previously; saagaraiH = by the sons of Sagara; asmaakam = of our; kulecha = race also; sumahaan = a great vadhaH = killing; avaaptaH = was obtained; kharadbhiH = while digging up; bhuumim = the earth; aajJNayaa = by the order of ; sagarasya = of Sagara pituH = their father."
"Previously, the sons of Sagara belonging to our race, were got bitterly digging up the earth, as commanded by their father."
jāmadagnyena rāmeṇa reṇukā jananī svayam |
kṛttā paraśunā araṇye pitur vacana kāriṇā || 2-21-32
32. raameNa = by Parasurama; jaamadagniyaina = the son of Jamadagni; renuka = Renuka; janamii = mother kR^ittaa = was cut off; svayam = spontaneously ; parashunaa = by axe; araNye = in the forest; vachana kaariNaa = as per words; pituH = of father;
"Parasu Rama, the son of Jamadagni personally slayed his mother Renuka in the forest with an axe as per his father's words."
etairanyaiśca bahubhirdevi devasamaiḥ kṛtam |
piturvacanamaklībam kariṣyāmi piturśitam || 2-21-33
33. devi = Oh;queen! etaiH = by these; bahubhiH anyaisheha = by many others; devasamaanaiH = equivelant to gods -pituH = father's; vachanam = words kR^itam = was made akliibam = no waste; karishhyaami = I shall do; pituH = father's hitam = assignment"
"Oh, mother! These and many others who were equivalent to gods, did not make their father' s words to go waste. I shall also do what is desired by my father"
na khalv etan mayā ekena kriyate pitṛ śāsanam |
etairapi kṛtam devi ye mayā tava kīrtitāḥ || 2-21-34
34. devi = Oh;queen! etat = This; pitR^ishasanam = father's command; na kriyate = was not done mayaa = by me; ekena = only; etairapi = Also by these; ye = who kiirtitaa = were; mentioned tava = to you; mayaa = by me; kR^itam = it was done."
"Oh, mother! I am not the only person to act according to father's command. Those I have mentioned to you hitherto also complied with their father's command."
nāham dharmamapūrvam te pratikūlam pravartaye |
pūrvaiḥ ayam abhipretaḥ gataḥ mārgo anugamyate || 2-21-35
35. "aham = I; na pravartaye = am not setting out; apuurvam = new; pratikuulam = contradicting; dharmam = customary conduct; te = for you; anugamyate = I am following; ayam = this; maargam = way; abhipretaH = agreed; gataH = followed by; puurvaiH = the ancient."
"I am not setting any new contradicting customary conduct for your sake. I am adhering to the way agreed and followed by the ancient."
tat etat tu mayā kāryam kriyate bhuvi na anyathā |
pitur hi vacanam kurvan na kaścin nāma hīyate || 2-21-36
36. na kriyate = It cannot be done; anyathaa = otherwise; mayaa = by me; tat etat = than such of this; kaaryam = practice; bhuvi = on earth; na hiiyate naama = No deprivation indeed; kashchit = for anyone kurvam = doing; pituH = father's; vachanam = words."
"I cannot do otherwise than acting in accordance with father's words, the prevalent practice on earth. There is no deprivation indeed for anyone who complies with father's commands."
tām evam uktvā jananīm lakṣmaṇam punar abravīt |
tava lakṣmaṇa jānāmi mayi sneham anuttamam || 2-21-37
37. shreshhThaH = the best; vaakyavidaam = of those knowing the speech; shreshhTaH = the best; sarva dhanushhTataam = of all those wearing the bow; evam = thus; uktaava = spoke; taam jananiim = to that mother; punaH = again; abraviit = spoke; lakshmanam = to Lakshmana.
Rama, the best of those who speak skilfully and the best of all those wearing the bow, spoke thus to his mother and turned round to Lakshmana to speak.
tava lakṣmaṇa jānāmi mayi snehamanuttamam |
vikramam caiva satyam ca tejaśca sudurāsadam || 2-21-38
38. lakshmana = Oh; Lakshmana! jaanaami = I know tava = your anuttamam = highest sneham = affection mayi = in me vikramam chaiva = heroic valour sattvam cha = strength; suduraasadam = un assailable tejashcha = splendour."
"Oh, Lakshmana ! I know your highest affection towards me, your heroic valour ,your strength and your unassailable splendour ."
mama māturmahadduḥkhamatulam śubhalakṣamṇa |
abhiprāyam avijñāya satyasya ca śamasya ca || 2-21-39
39. subhakshhaNa = Oh; Lakshmana; with good attributes! atulam mahat duHkham = there is an unqualled and great grief; mama maatuH = to my mother; aviN^yaaya = by not knowing; abhipraayam = the meaning; satyasya cha = of truth and shamasyacha = tranquility.
" Oh, Lakshmana, with good attributes! My mother is feeling a great and unequalled sorrow, by not knowing the secret of truth and tranquillity."
dharmaḥ hi paramaḥ loke dharme satyam pratiṣṭhitam |
dharma saṃśritam etac ca pitur vacanam uttamam || 2-21-40
40. dharmaH = righteousness; paramohi = is indeed the best; loke = in the world; satyam = truth; pratishhThiam = is established; dharma = in righteousness; etat = these; uttamam = best; vachanamcha = words also; pituH = of father; dharmasamshnitam = are enjoined in righteousness.
"Righteousness is the best of all qualities in the world. Truth is established in righteousness. Even these best words of father are enjoined with righteousness."
saṃśrutya ca pitur vākyam mātur vā brāhmaṇasya vā |
na kartavyam vṛthā vīra dharmam āśritya tiṣṭhatā || 2-21-41
41. viiraH = oh; Lakshmana the valiant! tishhThataa = one who is aashritya = following; dharmam = righteousness; nakartavyam = is not obliged; vR^ithaa = to waste; vaakyam = the word; samshrutya = promised; pituH = to father or; maaturvaa = mother or; brahmanasya vaa = Brahmana.
"One who follows righteousness, does not waste his promise given to one's father or mother or Brahmana."
so aham na śakṣyāmi pitur niyogam ativartitum |
pitur hi vacanāt vīra kaikeyyā aham pracoditaḥ || 2-21-42
42. viira = oh; the valiant! saH aham = I; being such person; nashakshhyaami ativartitum = cannot trasgrass; niyogam = the command; pituH = of father; vachanaat = for the word; pituH = of father; aham = I; prachoditohi = was indeed instigated; kaikeyyaa = by Kaikeyi.
" I cannot transgress my father's command. On the word given by my father only, Kaikeyi instigated me to go to the forest."
tat enām visṛja anāryām kṣatra dharma āśritām matim |
dharmam āśraya mā taikṣṇyam mad buddhir anugamyatām || 2-21-43
43. tat = hence; visR^ija = leave; anaaryaam = the mean; matim = mentality; kshhatra dharmaashritaam = of followig military heroism; aashraya = take refuge; dharamam = in righteousness; maa = not; taikhhNyam = in rudeness; anugamya = follow; madbuadhiH = my perception.
"Hence, leave this mean mentality of military heroism. Observe righteousness and not rudeness. follow my perception."
tam evam uktvā sauhārdāt bhrātaram lakṣmaṇa agrajaḥ |
uvāca bhūyaḥ kausalyām prānjaliḥ śirasā ānataḥ || 2-21-44
44. lakshhmaNaagrajaH = Rama; the elder brother of Lakshmana; evam = thus; uktvaa = spoke; sauhaardaat = affectionately; bhraataram = to brother; nataH = bowed; shirasaa = with head; praaNjaliH = with folded hands; uvaacha = spoke; bhuuyaH = again; kausalyaam = to Kausalya.
Rama spoke thus to his brother affectionately, bowed to his mother and with folded hands, spoke again to Kausalya as follows.
anumanyasva mām devi gamiṣyantam itaḥ vanam |
śāpitā asi mama prāṇaiḥ kuru svastyayanāni me || 2-21-45
45. devii = oh; mother! anumanyasva = permit; maam = me; gamishhyantam = who is about to go; vanam = to forest; shaapitaa asi = on my life; kuru = invode; svastyanaani = blessings; me = on me.
"OH, mother! I have decided to go to forest. Please give me permission. I am swearing to you on my life. Please invoke blessings on me."
tīrṇa pratijñaḥ ca vanāt punar eṣyāmy aham purīm |
yayātiriva rājarṣiḥ purā hitvā punardhivam || 2-21-46
46. puraa = in olden times; iva = as; raajarshhiH = the sage king; yayaatiH = named yayaati; hitvaa = left; divam = heaven;divam = reached heaven; punaH = again; aham eshhyaami = I can come; punaH = back; puriim = to city; vanaat = from forest; tirNa pratijJNyaH = after fulfuilling the promise.
"As sage king named Yayati in olden times left the heaven and reached back heaven again, I shall be back to the city from the forest, after fulfilling my promise."
śokassaṃdhāryatām mātarhṛdaye sādhu mā śucaḥ |
vanavāsādihaiṣyāmi punaḥ kṛtvā piturvacaḥ || 2-21-47
47. maataH = oh; mother! maashuchaH = do not grieve; samdhaaryaam = bear; saadhu = well; hR^idaye = in heart; eshhyaami = I shall come; iha = here; punaH = again; vanavaasaat = from forest; kR^itvaa = after fulfilling; pituH = father's; vachaH = command.
"Oh, mother! Please do not grieve, Bear it well in your heart. I shall come back here again from the forest after fulfilling the father's command."
tvayā mayā ca vaidehyā lakṣmaṇena sumitrayā |
piturniyoge sthātavyameṣa dharmaḥ sanāanaḥ || 2-21-48
48. pituH niyoge = In father's command; sthhaatavyam = should be remainded; tvayaa = by you; mayaa cha = by me; vaidehyaa = by Sita; lakshhmaNena = by Lakshmana; sumitrayaa = by Sumitra; eshhaH = this is; sanaatanaH = eternal; dharmaH = custom.
"You and I, Sita, Lakshmana, Sumintra and all of us should follow father's directions. This is an eternal custom."
amba samhṛtya sambhārān duḥkham hṛdi nigṛhya ca |
vanavāsakṛtā buddhirmama dharmyānuvartyatām || 2-21-49
49. amba = oh; mother! mama buddhiH = my intention; vanavaasa kR^itaa = of proceeding to forest; dharmyaa = which is righteous; anuvartyataam = be approved; samhR^itya = duly with drawing; sambhaaraan = preparations for coronation; nigR^ihyacha = keeping in check; duHkham = sorrow; hR^idi = in heart.
"Oh mother! Please approve my righteous intention of going to the forest, duly withdrawing preparations for my coronation and keeping in check the sorrow in your heart."
etadvaca stasya niśamya mātā |
sudharmyamavyagramaviklabam ca |
mṛteva samjñām pratilabhya devī |
samīkṣya rāmam punarityuvāca || 2-21-50
50. maataa = the mother; devii = kausalya; nishamya = heard; tasya = that Rama's; vachaH = words; etat = here; sudharmyam = which were the most virtuous; avyagram = which wer cool; aviklabam cha = and which were not unsteady; pratilabhya = regained; saNjJNyaam = consciousness; mR^iteva = looked at; raamam = Rama; uvaacha = spoke; punaH = again; iti = thus .
The mother Kausalya heard the most virtuous, cool and steady words of Rama and rose, as though regained consciousness once more after death, looked at Rama and spoke thus again.
yathaiva te putra pitā tathāham |
guruḥ svadharmeṇa suhṛttayā ca |
na tvānujānāmi na māṃvihāya |
suduḥkhitāmarhasi gantumevam || 2-21-51
51. putra = oh; son! aham = I am also; guruH = respectable person; te = to you; pitaa yathaiva = as indeed your father; svadharmeNa = in my own right; suhR^ittayaacha = and due to great affection; naanujaanaami = I do not permit; tvaa = you; naarhasi gantum = to go; evam = thus; vihaaya = leaving; maam = me ; suduHkhitaam = in great sorrow.
"Oh, son! I am also as respectable a person to you as your father, in my own right and due to great affection. I do not give permission to you. You cannot thus go away, leaving me in great sorrow."
kim jīviteneha vinā tvayā me |
lokena vā kim svadhayā.amṛtena |
śreyo muhūrtam tava sannidhānam |
mameha kṛtsnādapi jīvalokāt || 2-21-52
52. kim = what is the use; jiivitena = of living; iha = here; me = to me; tvayaavinaa = without you? kim = what is the use; lokena = of the other world; svadhayaa = or the oblation of food offered to the deceased ancestors; amR^itenavaa = or the nectar of immortality? tava = your; samnidhaanam = proximity; muhuurtam = even for a moment; shreyaH = is better; kR^itsnaat = than entire; jiivalokaat api = world of living beings too.
"What is the use of my living in this world without you? What is the use of the other world or the oblation of food offered to the deceased ancestors or the nectar of immortality? Your proximity even for a moment is better than that of the entire world of living beings."
bhūyaḥ prajajvāla vilāpamevam |
niśamya rāmaḥ karuṇam jananyā || 2-21-53
53. nishamya = hearing; karuNam = pathetic; vilaapam = lamentation; jananyaa = of mother; prajajvaala = he was highly agonised; bhuuyaH = again; mahaagaja iva = as a great elephant; ampravishhTaH = having entered; adhvaanam = way; apohyamaanaH = being taken away; naraiH = ny men; ulkaabhiH = with flames of fire.
After hearing the pathetic lamentation of his mother, he was highly anguished, as when an elephant is removed highly from its way by men with flames of fire.
sa mātaram caiva visamjñakalpā |
mārtam ca saumitri mabhiprataptam |
dharme sthito dharmyamuvāca vākyam |
yathā sa evārhati tatra vaktum || 2-21-54
54. saH = that Rama; sthitaH = who was established; dharme = in righteousness; uvaacha = spoke; vaakyam = the words; dharmyam = endued with virtue; yathaa = in which manner; tatra = at that time; sa eva = he only; arhati = was fit; vaktum = to speak; maataramchaiva = to mother; visaMjJNakalpaam = appearing unconscious; saumitrim = to Lakshmana; aartam = who was disturbed; abhiprataptam = and exhausted with distress.
Rama, who was established in righteousness, spoke these words endowed with virtue, to his mother who was looking unconscious and to Lakshmana who was disturbed and exhausted with distress. He was the only person worthy of speaking thus at that time.
aham hi te lakṣmaṇa nityameva |
jānāmi bhaktim ca parākramam ca |
mama tvabhiprāya masannirīkṣya |
mātrā sahābhyardasi mā suduḥkham || 2-21-55
55. lakshmana = Oh; Lakshmana! aham = I; nityameva = always; jaanaami = know; te = your; bhakitmacha = devotion and; parakramamcha = strength; tu = but; maatraa saha = along with mother; abhyardamasi = you are afflicting; suduHkham = much pain; mama = to me; asanniririikshhya = without looking at; mama = my; abhipraayam = opionon.
"Oh, Lakshmana! I always know your devotion towards me as well as your strength. But now, you are joining with mother in afflicting much trouble to me without looking at my opinion."
dharmārthakāmāḥ khalu tāta loke |
samīkṣitā dharmaphalodayeṣu |
te tatra sarve syurasaṃśayam me |
bhāryeva vaśyābhimatā suputrā || 2-21-56
56. taata = Oh; father a ter (of affection addressed to a junior or senior); loke = in the world; dharmaphalodayeshhu = in obtaining the fruit of good works; dharmaarthakaamaaH = righteousness; utility and free will; samiikshhitaaH = are looked at; bhaaryeva = as a wife; vashyaa = who is obedient; abhimataa = who is beloved; suputraa = who is having good sons; tatra = in those good words; te sarve = all those; syuH = are there; asamshayam = no doubt; me = for me.
"Oh, Lakshmana! In obtaining the fruit of good works in the world, righteousness utility and free will are being considered. As a wife who is obedient, who is beloved and who is having good sons, good work yields all these three things."
yasmiṃstu sarve syurasanniviṣṭā |
dharmo yataḥ syāt tadupakrameta |
dveṣyo bhavatyarthaparo hi loke |
kāmātmatā khalvapi na praśastā || 2-21-57
57. tat = that; yasmin = in which; sarve = all these; asannivishhTaaH syuH = do not come together; yataH by which; dharmaH = righteousness; syaat = is created; upakrameta = is to be initiated; loke = in the world; arthaparaH = one who is intested in wealth alone; bhavatihi = becomes indeed; devshhyaH = fit to be hated; kaamaatmataapi = so also; the ne whose very essence is desire; na prashastaa khalu = cannot indeed be considered good.
"Only such an action, which is righteous, is to be initiated, leaving that in which wealth, desire and righteousness do not come together. One who is intested in wealth alone becomes indeed fit to be hated in the world. So also the one whose very essence is desire, cannot indeed be considered good.
guruśca rājā ca pitā ca vṛddhaḥ |
krodhātpraharṣa dyadi vāpi kāmāt |
yadvyādiśet kāryamavekṣya dharmam |
kastanna kuryādanṛdanṛśaṃsavṛttiḥ || 2-21-58
58. pitaa = father; gurshcha = who is venerable; rajaacha = a king; vR^iddhaH cha = and old aged; vyaadishet = commends; yat = for which reason; kaaryam = an action; krodhaat = either by anger; prahrshhaat = or by extreme joy; yadivaa kamaat api = or by even desire; kaH = who; apekshhya = with reference to dharmam = righteousness; anR^ishamsa vR^ittiiH = and not choosing cruelty; nakuryaat = will not do?
"When father, who is venerable, a king and old-aged, commands an action either by anger or by extreme joy or by even desire, which right person will not perform it? Only a person who chooses to be cruel will not do it."
savai na śaknomi pituḥ pratijñā |
mimāmakartum sakalam yathāvat |
sa hyavayostata gururniyoge |
devāśca bhartā sa gatissa dharmaḥ || 2-21-59
59. saH = such of myself; na shaknomivgi = cannot; akartum = avoid; pituH = father's; imaam pratijJNyaam = this propostion; sakalaam = in entirety; taata = oh; father! aavoyaH = for both of us; saH = he; furuH hi = is indeed important person; niyoge = to command; devyaashcha = for mother also; saH = he; bhartaa = the husband; saH = he; gatiH = the resource person; dharmaH = the law; personified.
"I cannot avoid fulfilling the father's command completely. For both of us, he is an important person indeed to command us. To mother Kausalya also, he is the husband, the resource person and the personified law."
tasmin punarjīvati dharmarāje |
viśeṣataḥ sve pathi vartamāne |
devī mayā sārthamito.apagacchet |
katham svidanyā vidhaveva nārī || 2-21-60
60. dharmaraaje = the righteous king; tasmin = himself; jiivati = alive; visheshhatatH = espacially; vartamaane = being; sve pathhi = in his own path; katham svit = how; devii = mother kausalya; avagachhet = can go out; mayaa saardham = with me; itaH = from here; anyaa naariiva = like other woman; vidhavaa = without husband?
"while the righteous king Dasaratha is alive and especially when he is following his own righteous path, how the mother Kausalya can go out with me from here leaving the city like other widowed woman?"
sā mānumanyasva vanam vrajantam |
kuruṣva naḥ svastyayanāni devi |
yathā samāpte punarāvrajeyam |
yathā hi styena punaryayātiḥ || 2-21-61
61. devii = Oh; queen! anumanyasva = permit; maa = me; vrajantam = going; vanam = to forest; yathaa hi = as indeed; yayaatiH = yayati; punaH = returned; satyena = by power of stregth; yathaa = so; avrajeyam = I can come; punaH = again; samaapte = after completion of excile; kurushhva = perform; svastyayanaani = recitation of Mantra for well-being.
"Oh, mother the queen! Permit me to go to forest. As Yayati returned to heaven by the power of truth, give me your power of blessings so that I can return here after completion of exile."
yaśo hyaham kevalarājyakāraṇāt |
na pṛṣṭhataḥ kartumalam mahodayam |
adīrghakāle na tu devi jīvite |
vṛṇe.avarāmadya mahīmadharmataḥ || 2-21-62
62. aham = I; na alam = cannot; vR^ishhTataH kartum = keep back; yashaH = reputation; mahodayam = and glory ; kevalaraajyakaaraNaat = for the sake of kingdom alone; devii = oh; queen! jiivite = In this life; adiirghakaale = which is not long; navR^iNe = I cannot long for; adya = now; avaraam = inferior; mahiim = earth; adharmataH = unrighteously.
"I cannot keep back reputation and glory for the sake of kingdom alone. This cannot unrighteously long for this inferior kingdom."
prasādayan nara vṛṣabhaḥ sa mātaram |
parākramājjigamiṣureva domḍakān |
atha anujam bhRśam anuśāsya darśanam |
cakāra tām hRdi jananīm pradakṣiṇam || 2-21-63
63. saH = that Rama; navR^ishhabhaH = the best of men; jigimishhureva = desired to go; daNdakaan = to Dandaka forest ; paraakramaat = with prowess; prasaadayan = consoling; maataram = mother; atha = and afterwards; anushaasya = advised; amjam = brother; bhR^isham = intensely; darshanam = with good thoughts; pradakshhiNam chakaara = made circumbulatory salutation; taamjanamiim = to his mother; hR^idi = heartily.
Rama, the best of men, decided to go to Dandaka forest fearlessly with his prowess, consoled his mother, advised his brother by good thoughts and made hearty circumbulatory salutation to his mother.
- - -
|| ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe ekaviṃśaḥ sargaḥ ||
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