Vasishta gives details of the creation of the world to Sri Rama. He says that Brahma, in the form of a boar caused the earth to rise from water and from Brahma is created the entire world. He recites the Genealogy of Rama's line. He informs that Aja and Suvrata were the two sons of Nabhaga and it was Aja who begot the virtuous King Dasaratha; Rama's father. Vasishta also informs Rama that i the whole of Ikshvaku race, only the eldest son becomes the king. He requests Sri Rama not to violate this tradition and take over the reins of Ayodhya.
kruddham ājñāya rāma tu vasiṣṭhaḥ pratyuvāca ha |
jābāliḥ api jānīte lokasya asya gata āgatim || 2-110-1
1. aajJNaaya = recognising; raamam = Rama's; kruddham = anger; vasiSThaH = Vasishta; pratyuvaacha ha = spoke as follows: jabaalirapi = even Jabali; jaaniite = is aware; gataagatam = of the going and coming; asya lokasya = of this world.
Recognising that Rama has become angry, Vaishta spoke as follows: "Even Jabali is aware of the going and coming of this world."
nivartayitu kāmaḥ tu tvām etad vākyam abravīt |
imām loka samutpattim loka nātha nibodha me || 2-110-2
2. uktavaan = (He) spoke; etat = these; vaakyam = words; tvaam nivartayitu kaamastu = on account of his desire that you should return; lokanaatha = O; Lord of the poeple! nibodha = learn; me = from me; lokasamutpattim = of the creation of the world!.
"He spoke in this manner, on account of his deire that you should return. O, Lord of the poeple! Learn from me of the creation of the world!"
sarvam salilam eva āsīt pṛthivī yatra nirmitā |
tataḥ samabhavad brahmā svayambhūr daivataiḥ saha || 2-110-3
3. sarvam = all; aasiit = was; salilam eva = water only (in the beginning); yatra = from which element; pR^ittivii = the earth; nirmitaa = was formed; tataH = and after that; svayambhuuH = the self-existent; brahmaa = Brahma; daivataiH saha = with all the gods; sambhavat = came into existence.
"All was water only in the beginning" from which element the earth was formed. After that, the self-existent Brahma with all the gods came into existence."
sa varāhaḥ tato bhūtvā projjahāra vasuṃdharām |
asṛjac ca jagat sarvam saha putraiḥ kṛta ātmabhiḥ || 2-110-4
4. tataH = thereafter; saH = that Brahma; bhuutvaa = assuming; varaahaH = the form of a boar; projjahaara vasundharaam = caused the earth to rise (from water); putraiH saha = and with his sons; kR^itaatmabhiH = of pure soul; aasR^ijachcha = created; sarvam = the entire; jagat = world.
"Thereafter, that Brahma, assuming the form of boar, caused the earth to rise from water and with his sons of pure soul, created the entire world."
ākāśa prabhavo brahmā śāśvato nitya avyayaḥ |
tasmān marīciḥ samjajne marīceḥ kaśyapaḥ sutaḥ || 2-110-5
5. shaashvataH = the eternal; ityaH = changeless; avyayaH = and imperishable; brahmaa = Brahma; aakaasha prabhavaH = was begotten from ether; tasmaat = and from him; mariichiH = Marichi; samjajNe = was born; kashyapaH = Kashyapa; maricheH = was Marichi's; sutaH = son.
"The eternal, changeless and imperishable Brahma was begotten from ether and from his was born Marichi. Marichi's son was kashyapa."
vivasvān kaśyapāj jajne manur vaivastavaḥ smṛtaḥ |
sa tu prajāpatiḥ pūrvam ikṣvākuḥ tu manoḥ sutaḥ || 2-110-6
6. kashyapaat = from Kashyapa; vivasvaan = Vivasvan; jajJNe = was born; manuH = Manu; vaivasvataH sutaH = was the son of Vivasvan; satu = Manu for his part; puurvam = formerly; prajaapatiH = was the lord of creation; ikSvaakuH = Ikshvaku; manoH = was Manu's sutaH = son.
"From Kashyapa, Vivasvan(sun-god) was born. manu was the son of Vivasvan. Manu for his part, was formerly the lord of creation. Ikshvaku was Manu' s son."
yasya iyam prathamam dattā samṛddhā manunā mahī |
tam ikṣvākum ayodhyāyām rājānam viddhi pūrvakam || 2-110-7
7. yasya = to whom; samR^iddhaa = the fertile; mahii = earth; prathamam = initially; dattaa = was given; manunaa = by Manu; viddhi = know; tam ikSvaakum = the Iksvaku; puurvakam = as the first; raajaanam = king; ayodhyaayaam = of Ayodhya.
"The entire fertile earth was given by Manu to Ikshvaku and know that Ikshvaku was thus the first king of Ayodhya!"
ikṣvākoḥ tu sutaḥ śrīmān kukṣir eva iti viśrutaḥ |
kukṣer atha ātmajo vīro vikukṣir udapadyata || 2-110-8
8. ikSvaakoH = Ikshvaku's; sutaH = son; vishrutaH = was known as; shriimaan = the illustrious; kukSireveti = Kukshi; atha = thereafter; kukSeH = kukshi's; aatmajaH = son; viiraH = was the valiant; vikukSiH = Vikukshi; udapadyata = born.
"Ikshvaku's son was known as Kukshi, the illustrious king. Then, Kukshi's son was the valiant Vikukshi."
vikukṣeḥ tu mahā tejā bāṇaḥ putraḥ pratāpavān |
bāṇasya tu mahā bāhur anaraṇyo mahā yaśāḥ || 2-110-9
9. vikukSeH = to Vikukshi (was born); baaNaH = Bana; mahaatejaaH = the most splendid; prataapavaan = and powerful; putraH = son; baaNasya = to Bana; (was born); anaraNyaH = Anaranya; mahaabaahuH = the mighty armed; mayaayashaaH = and the most illustrious one.
"To Vikukshi was born the most splendid and powerful son, Bana. To Bana was born Anaranya the mighty armed and the most illustrious son."
nānā vṛṣṭir babhūva asmin na durbhikṣam satām vare |
anaraṇye mahā rāje taskaro vā api kaścana || 2-110-10
10. asmin anaraNye = (While) this Anaranya = vare = the excellent; sataam = among beings; mahaaraaje = was the emperor; na babhuuva = there was no; anavR^iSThiH = dearth of rain; na = nor; durbhikSam = drought; na kashchana = no one; takraH = was a thief.
"While this King Anaranya, the most excellent among beings was reigning, there was neither dearth of rain nor a drought. No one was a thief."
anaraṇyān mahā bāhuḥ pṛthū rājā babhūva ha |
tasmāt pṛthor mahā rājaḥ triśankur udapadyata || 2-110-11
sa satya vacanād vīraḥ saśarīro divam gataḥ |
11. anaraNyaat = from Anaranya; babhuuvaha = was born; mahaabahuH = the mighty armed; raajaa = king; pR^ithuH = Prithu; tasmaat pR^ithoH = from that Prithu; udapadyata = was born; mahaaraajaH = the Emperor; trishaNkuH = Trishanku; saH viiraH = that valiant man; gataH = ascended to; divam = heaven; sa shariiraH = along with his mortal body; satya vachanaat = for his true eloquence.
"From Anaranya was born the mighty armed king Prithu. From Prithu was born the Emperor Trishanku. That valiant man ascneded to heaven along with his mortal body, because of his true eloquence."
triśankor abhavat sūnur dhundhumāro mahā yaśāḥ || 2-110-12
dhundhumārān mahā tejā yuvana aśvo vyajāyata |
12. trishaN^koH = to Trishanku; abhavat = was born; suumuH = a son; mahaayashaaH = the highly illustrious; dundhumaaraH = Dundhumara; dundhumaarut = from Dundhumara; vyajaayata = was born; mahaatejaaH = the hero; yuvanaashvaH = Yuvanasva.
"To Trishanku was born a son, the highly illustrious Dundhumara. From Dundhumara was born the hero, Yuvanasva."
yuvana aśva sutaḥ śrīmān māndhātā samapadyata || 2-110-13
māndhātuḥ tu mahā tejāḥ susaṃdhir udapadyata |
susaṃdher api putrau dvau dhruva saṃdhiḥ prasenajit || 2-110-14
yaśasvī dhruva saṃdheḥ tu bharato ripu sūdanaḥ |
13; 14. shriimaan = the illustirous; maandhaataa = Mandhata; sampadyata = was born; yuvanaaashva sutaH = as a son to Yuvanasva; mandhaatuH = to Mandhata; udapadyata = was born; mahaatejaaH = the hero; susandhiH = Susandhi; dvau = (therewere) too; putrau = sons; dhruvasandhiH = Dhruvasandhi; prasenajit = and Prasenajit; susandherapi = to Susandhi; dhruvasandheH = from Dhruvasandhi (was born); yashasvii = the illustrious; bharataH = Bharata; ripusuudanaH = the annihilata of enemies.
"The illustrious Mandhata was born as a son to Yuvanasva. To Mandhata was born the hero, Susandhi. There were two sons Dhruvasandhi and prasenajit to Susandhi. From Dhruvasandhi was born the illustrious Bharata, the annihilator of enemies."
bharatāt tu mahā bāhor asito nāma jāyata || 2-110-15
yasya ete pratirājāna udapadyanta śatravaḥ |
haihayāḥ tāla janghāḥ ca śūrāḥ ca śaśa bindavaḥ || 2-110-16
15; 16. mahaabaahoH bharataat = from the mighty armed Bharata; jaayata = was born; asitonaama = a son named Asita; yasya = for whom; haihayaaH = Haihayas; taalaN^ghaashcha = Talajanghas; shuuraaH = and the valiant; shashibindavashcha = shashibindavas; upapadyanta = became; pratiraajaanaH = royal adversaries; shatravoH = and enemies.
"From the mighty armed Bharata was born a son named Asita, for whom his royal adversaries, Haihayas, Talajanghas and the valiant Shashibindavas became the enemies."
tāmḥ tu sarvān prativyūhya yuddhe rājā pravāsitaḥ |
sa ca śaila vare ramye babhūva abhirato muniḥ || 2-110-17
17. prati vyuuhya = having drawn out his battle-array against; taan sarvaan = all those kings; yuddhe = in a combat; raajaa = the king Asita; pravaasitaH = was driven away; saH = he; babhuuva = became; abhirataH = a devoted; muniH = sage; ramye = on a beautiful; shailavare = and excellent mountain.
"Having drawn out his battle-array against all those kings in a combat, the king Asita was driven away. Asita then became a devoted sage taking asylum in an excellent and charming mountain."
dve ca asya bhārye garbhiṇyau babhūvatur iti śrutiḥ |
ekā garbhavināśāya sapatnyai garaldaṃ dadau || 2-110-18
18. asya = Asita's; dve bhaarye = two wives; babhuuvatuH = became; garbhiNyau = pregnant; iti = this is; shrutiH = a hear-say; ekaa = one wife; dadau = gave; garalam = poison; sapatnai = to the other co-wife; gabhavinaashaaya = for the destruction of foetus.
"Asita's two wives became pregnant. It is a hearsay that one of his wives gave poison to the other co-wife in order to destroy her foetus."
bhārgavaḥ cyavano nāma himavantam upāśritaḥ |
tam ṛṣim samupāgamya kālindī tu abhyavādayat || 2-110-19
sa tām abhyavadad vipro vara īpsum putra janmani |
19. chayaveno naama = A sage called Chyavana; bhaargavaH = belonging to Bhrign race; upaashritaH = was taking a shelter; himavantam = in a Himalayan mountain; kaalindii = Kalindi; samupaagamya = approached; tam R^iSim = that sage; abhyavaadayat = and offered her salutaion; saH vipraH = that brahmana; abhyavadat = spoke; taam = to her; varepsum = who wanted to get a boon; putrajanmani = for the birth of a son.
"A sage called Chyavana, belonging to Bhrign race was staying in a Himalayan mountain. Kalindi (Asita's wife) approached that sage and offered her salutation. That brahmna spoke the following words to her, who wanted to obtain a boon for the birth of a son."
putraste bhavitā devi mahātmā lokaviśrutaḥ || 2-110-20
dhārmikaśca suśīlaśca vaṃśakartārisūdanaḥ |
20. devi = O; Queen!; putraH = A son; mahaatmaa = with a great soul; lokavishrutaH = world-famous; dhaarmikashcha = a rightous man; sushiilashcha = of a good conduct; vamsha kartaa = a perpetuator of the race; arisuudanaH = and an annihilator of enemies; bhavitaa = will be born; te = to you.
"O, Queen! A high-souled son, who will be world-famous, rightous, of a good conduct, a perpetuator of the race and an annihilator of enemies will be born to you."
kṛtvāpradakṣiṇaṃ hṛṣṭā muniṃ tamanumānya ca || 2-110-21
padmapatrasamānākṣaṃ padmagarbhasamaprabham |
tataḥ sā gṛham āgamya devī putram vyajāyata || 2-110-22
21; 22. saH devii = that Queen Kalindi; hR^iSTaa = delighted as she was; pradakSiNam kR^iSTaa = delighted as she was; pradakSiNam kR^itvaa = circumambulated; tam munim = that sage; anumaanyacha = took permission to leave; tataH = and thereafter; aagamya = on reaching; gR^itam = home; vyajaayat = had delivered; putram- a son; padmapatra samaanaakSam = having eyes resembling lotus-leaves; padmagarbha samaprabham = and having a radiance like that of Brahma the Lord of creation.
"The delighted Queen Kalindi circumambulated that sage, took permission from him to leave and thereafter on reaching home, had delivered a son, having eyes resembling lotus-leaves and having a radiance like that of Brahama the Lord of creation."
sapatnyā tu garaḥ tasyai datto garbha jighāṃsayā |
gareṇa saha tena eva jātaḥ sa sagaro abhavat || 2-110-23
23. garaH = poison; dattaH = was given; tasyaiH = to her; sapatnyaa = by her co-wife; garbha jighaamsayaa = with an intention to kill her foetus; jaataH = born; tena gareNa sahaiva = with that poison itself; saH = he; abhavat = became; sagaraH = Sagara ( a man with poison).
"Poison was given earlier by her co-wife with an intention to kill her foetus. Born with that poison itself, he became Sagara (a man with poison)."
sa rājā sagaro nāma yaḥ samudram akhānayat |
iṣṭvā parvaṇi vegena trāsayantam imāḥ prajāḥ || 2-110-24
24. saH = He; yaH = which; sagaro naama raajaa = king was named as Sagara; iSTvaa = performed sacrifices; parvaNi = on the day of the full moon; akhaanayat = got excavated; samndram = the ocean; traasa yantam = frightening; imaam prajaaH = these people; vegena = by his seed of digging.
"It was king SAgara who excavated the ocen and who, by his sacrifice, on the day of the full moon, by his energy, frightened the people here by the speed of his digging."
asamanjaḥ tu putro abhūt sagarasya iti naḥ śrutam |
jīvann eva sa pitrā tu nirastaḥ pāpa karma kṛt || 2-110-25
25. asamaNJNaH = Asmanja; abhuut = was; sagarasya = Sagara's; putraH = son; shrutam = there was a hearsay; naH = to us; iti = that; saH = Asamanja; paapakarama kR^it = on account of his wicked deeds; nirastah = was banished; pitraa = by his fatehr; jiivanneva = even while living.
"Asamanja was Sagara's son. There was a hearsay that on account of his wicked deeds, Asamanja was banished by his father even during his life time."
aṃśumān iti putro abhūd asamanjasya vīryavān |
dilīpo aṃśumataḥ putro dilīpasya bhagīrathaḥ || 2-110-26
26. AsamaNJasya = to asamanja; abhuut = was born; viiryavaan = a valiant; putraH = son; amshumaaniti = called Amshuman; diliipaH = dilipa; amshumataH = was Amshuman's; putraH = son; bhagiirathaH = Bhagiratha; diliipasya = was Dilipa's son.
"A valiant son called amshuman was born to Asamanja. Dilipa was Amshuman's son. Bhagiratha was Dilipa's son.
bhagīrathāt kakutsthaḥ tu kākutsthā yena tu smṛtāḥ |
kakutsthasya tu putro abhūd raghur yena tu rāghavaḥ || 2-110-27
27. bhagiirathaat = of Bhagiratha; kakutthsaH = was born; kaakutthaaH = the Kakutsthas; vishrutaaH = take their name; kakutthsasya cha = to Kakutstha; abhuut = was born; putra = a son; raghuH = called Raghu; yena = from whence (spring); raaghavaaH = Ragahavas.
"Of Bhagiratha was born kakutstha, from whom the Kakutsthas take their name. To Kakutsthas was born a son called Raghu, from whence spring Raghavas."
raghoḥ tu putraḥ tejasvī pravṛddhaḥ puruṣa adakaḥ |
kalmāṣa pādaḥ saudāsa ity evam prathito bhuvi || 2-110-28
28. raghoH = from Raghu (was born); tejasvii = a renowned; putraH = son; pravR^iddhaH = called Pravriddha; prathitaH = known; bhuvi = in the world; ityevam = under the names; puruSaadakaH = Purushadaka; kalmaaSapaadaH = Kalmashapada; sondaasaH = and Soudasa.
"From Raghu was born a renowned son named Pravriddha, known in the world under the names Purushadaka, Kalmashapada and Soudasa."
kalmāṣa pāda putro abhūt śankhaṇaḥ tu iti viśrutaḥ |
yaḥ tu tad vīryam āsādya saha seno vyanīnaśat || 2-110-29
29. kalmaSapaada putraH = Kalmashapada's son; abhuut = was; vishrutaH = renowned; iti = as; shaNkhaNaH = Shankhana; tadviiryam = kalmashapada's valour; vyaniishat = perished; saha sainyaH = along with his army.
"Kalmashapada's son was renowned as Shankhana, who, even on attaining his father's valour, perished (in a battle) along with his army."
śankhaṇasya tu putro abhūt śūraḥ śrīmān sudarśanaḥ |
sudarśanasya agni varṇa agni varṣasya śīghragaḥ || 2-110-30
śīghragasya maruḥ putro maroḥ putraḥ praśuśrukaḥ |
praśuśrukasya putro abhūd ambarīṣo mahā dyutiḥ || 2-110-31
ambarīṣasya putro abhūn nahuṣaḥ satya vikramaḥ |
nahuṣasya ca nābhāgaḥ putraḥ parama dhārmikaḥ || 2-110-32
ajaḥ ca suvrataḥ caiva nābhāgasya sutāu ubhau |
ajasya caiva dharma ātmā rājā daśarathaḥ sutaḥ || 2-110-33
30; 31; 32; 33. shriiman = the fortunate; sadarshanaH = Sudarshana; putraH = was the son; shaNkhaNasya = of Shankhana; sudarshanasya = Sudarshana's (son); (was); agnivarNaH = Agnivarna; agnivarNasya = and of Agnivarna (was born); shiighragaH = Shigraga; shiighragasya = Shighraga's' putraH = son was; maruH = Maru; maroH = Maru's; putraH = son; prashushruvaH = was Prashushruva; prashushruvasya = of Prashushruva; abhuut = was born; putraH = a son; ambariiSaH = Ambarisha; ambariiSasya = of Ambarisha; abhuut = was born; putraH = a son; nahuSaH = Nahusha; satyavikramaH = who was full ofvalour; nahuSasya = Nahusha's; putraH = son; naabhaagaH = Nabhaga; parama dhaarmikaH = of outstanding virtue; ajashcha = Aja; su vratashchaiva = Suvrata; ubhau = were the two; sutau = sons; naabhagasya = of Nabhaga; ajasyaiva = sutau = sons; naabhaagasya = of Nabhaga; ajasyaiva = Aja's; sutaH = son; dharmaatmaa = was the virtuous; raaja dasharathaH = king Dasaratha.
The fortunate Sudarshana was the son of Shankhana. Sudarshana's son was Agnivarna; and of Agnivarna was born Shighraga. Shighraga begot Maru and Maru's son was Prashushruva from Prashushruva was born Ambarisha of that great radiance. To Ambarisha was born a son named Nahusha who was full of valour. Nahusha's son was Nabhaga of outstanding virtue. Aja and Suvrata were the two sons of Nabhaga and it was Aja who begot the virtuous King Dasartha."
tasya jyeṣṭho asi dāyādo rāma ity abhiviśrutaḥ |
tad gṛhāṇa svakam rājyam avekṣasva jagan nṛpa || 34
34. asi = you are; jyeSThaH = the eldest son; tasya = of that Dasaratha; abhivishrutaH = very well known; raama iti = as Rama; daayaadaH = the heir who can claim over the inheritance; nR^ipaiH = O; king!; tat = for that reason; gR^ihaaNa = take over; svakam = your; raajyam = kingdom; avekSasva = look after; janam = your people.
"You are the eldest son of that Dasaratha, very well-known as Rama, the heir who can claim over the inheritance. O, King! Hence, take over your kingdom and look after your people there."
ikṣvākūṇām hi sarveṣām rājā bhavati pūrvajaḥ |
pūrvajena avaraḥ putro jyeṣṭho rājye abhiṣicyate || 2-110-35
35. puurvajaH = the eldest son only; bhavati = becomes; raajaa = the king; sarveSaam = in the entire; ikSvaakuuNaam = people born in Ikshvaku race; puuraje = (when) the eldest exists; avaraH = the younger; na = will not (become the king); jyeSThaH putraH = the eldest son only; abhiSichyate = is anointed; raajye = to the cronw.
"The eldest son only becomes the king in the entire Ikshvaku race. When the eldest son exists, the younger son will not become a king. The eldest son only is anointed to the crown.
sa rāghavāṇām kula dharmam ātmanaḥ |
sanātanam na adya vihātum arhasi |
prabhūta ratnām anuśādhi medinīm |
prabhūta rāṣṭrām pitṛvan mahā yaśāḥ || 2-110-36
36. mahaayashaH = O; the celebrated one!; sanaatanam = this is the eternal; kuladharmam = tradition of your race; raghuvaaNaam = those born in Raghu dynasty; aatmanaH = yours; saH = as such; naarhasi = and ought not; vihantum = to be violated by you; adya = now; anushaadhi = rule over; mediniim = the earth; prabhuuta ratnaam = abundant with precious metals; prabhuuta raaSTraam = and a vast kingdom; pitR^ivat = as did your father.
"O, the celebrated one! This is the eternal tradition of your race, those born in Raghu dynasty and ought not to be violated by you. Rule over the earth, this vast kingdom abudant with precious metals, as did your father."
- - -
ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe daśottaraśatatamaḥ sargaḥ yaśāḥ ||(e)(Gem)
|Top of Page||1||2||3||4|
© August 2005, K. M. K. Murthy
World Wide view of
son and born
Secure FTPS and FTPS on the planet Go FTP FREE