Rama reveals to Bharata that Kaikey's marriage, stating that Dasaratha would confer the kingdom as a marriage-dowry. Rama also adds that Kaikeyi also received the promise of two boons from Dasaratha as a token of his pleasure and gratitude for the help Kaikeyi rendered during the conflict long ago between gods and demons. Rama further informs Bharata that according to that promise, Kaikeyi asked for the two boons, one for Bharata's throne and another for his own exile to the forest. Rama requests Bharata to make Dasaratha's promises true and asks him to return to Ayodhya and assume its rulership.
punar evam bruvāṇam tu bharatam lakṣmaṇa agrajaḥ |
pratyuvaca tataḥ śrīmān jnāti madhye atisatkṛtaḥ || 2-107-1
1. tataH = thereafter; shriimaan = the illustrious; abhisatkR^itaH = pratyuvaacha = replied (as follows); bharatam = to Bharata; evam = who was thus; bruvaaNam = speaking; jJNaatimadhye = among their relatives.
Thereafter, the illustrious Rama, highly respected among his fraternity, (as follows) to Bharata who was speaking as aforesaid among his relatives.
upapannam idam vākyam yat tvam evam abhāṣathāḥ |
jātaḥ putro daśarathāt kaikeyyām rāja sattamāt || 2-107-2
2. idam = these; vaakyam = words; yat = which; abhyabhaaSathaaH = were spoken; evam = thus; tvam = by you; jaataH = born; putraH = as a son; kaikeyyaam = in Kaikeyi; dasharathaat = through Dasartha; raajasattamaat = the excellent king; upapannam = are suited for the occasion.
"These words, which you have spoken are worthy of you, the son of Dasaratha the excellent king, born through Kaikeyi."
purā bhrātaḥ pitā naḥ sa mātaram te samudvahan |
mātāmahe samāśrauṣīd rājya śulkam anuttamam || 2-107-3
3. bhraataH = O; My brother!; puraa = long ago; samudvahan = while marrying; te maataram = your mother; saH = that; naH pitaa = our father; samaashrouSiit = promised; anuttamam = an exceptional; raajyashulkam = marriage dowry in the form of our kingdom; maataamahe = to you maternal grandfather.
"O, My brother! Long ago, when our father married your mother, he promised your maternal grandfather that he would confer his kingdom as an exceptional marriage-dowry"
deva asure ca samgrāme jananyai tava pārthivaḥ |
samprahṛṣṭo dadau rājā varam ārādhitaḥ prabhuḥ || 2-107-4
4. prabhuH = the efficient; paarthivaH = lord of the earth; raajaa = King Dasaratha; dadau = bestowed; varamcha = a boon; tava jananyai = to your mother; samprahR^iSTaH = he having been overjoyed; aaraadhitaH = by your mother's service; samgraame = in a conflict; daivaasure = between Gods and demons.
"Thereafter, in a conflict between Gods and demons, your mother received the promise of two boons from the efficient lord of the earth, King Dasartha, as a token of his joy and gratitude."
tataḥ sā sampratiśrāvya tava mātā yaśasvinī |
ayācata nara śreṣṭham dvau varau vara varṇinī || 2-107-5
tava rājyam nara vyāghra mama pravrājanam tathā |
tac ca rājā tathā tasyai niyuktaḥ pradadau varau || 2-107-6
5; 6. naravyaaghraH = O; Tiger among men!; tataH = then; tava maataa = your mother; yashasvinii = the illustrious woman; vara varNinii = with a beautiful complexion; sampratishraavya = having been made a promise; narashreSTam = by Dasaratha the chief of men; ayaachata = asked; dvau = two; varau = boons; raajyam = (one for giving) kingdom; tava = to you; tathaa = and; pravraajanam = (the other) the exile; mama = for me; tadaa = then; niyuktaH = the enjoined; raajaacha = king also; pradadau = gave; tau varau = those boons.
"O, Tiger among men! Your illustrious mother of beautiful complexion consequently demanded these two boons from that cheif of men, for you the throne and for me the exile to the forest."
tena pitrā aham apy atra niyuktaḥ puruṣa ṛṣabha |
caturdaśa vane vāsam varṣāṇi varadānikam || 2-107-7
7. puruSarSabha = O; excellent among men!; ahamapi = I too; niyuktaH = have been enjoined; tena pitraa = by our aforesaid father; vaasam = to live; atra = in this; vane = forest; chaturdasha vaSaaNi = for fourteen years; varadaanikam = in accord with the granting of boon.
"O, excellent among men! I too, have been enjoined by our aforesaid father to live here in the forest for fourteen years, in accord iwth granting of boon."
so aham vanam idam prāpto nirjanam lakṣmaṇa anvitaḥ |
śītayā ca apratidvandvaḥ satya vāde sthitaḥ pituḥ || 2-107-8
8. saH aham = I as such; apratidvandvaH = without any rival; idam = nirjanam = to this lonely; vanam = forest; lakSmaNaanvitaH = accompanied by Lakshmana; siitayaa cha = and Seeta; sthitaH = standing firm; satya vaade = with the promise gien; pituH = by our father.
"I as such, without any rival, have come to this lonely forest accompanied by Lakshmana and Seetha in order to carry out the promise given by our father."
bhavān api tathā ity eva pitaram satya vādinam |
kartum arhati rāja indram kṣipram eva abhiṣecanāt || 2-107-9
9. bhavaanapi = you too; arhati = ought; tathetyeva = likewise; kartum = to make; pitaram = our father; satyavaadinam = as a person having given a true promise; raajendra = O; Indra the Lord of celestials among Kings!; abhiSechanaat = by getting anointed to the crown; kSiprameva = without delay.
"You too ought, likewise, to make our father, as a person having given a true promise, O Indra (the Lord of Celestials) among kings, by getting yourself anointed to the crown without any delay.
ṛṇān mocaya rājānam mat kṛte bharata prabhum |
pitaram trāhi dharmajna mātaram ca abhinandaya || 2-107-10
10. bharata = O; Bharata; matkR^ite = for my sake; mochaya = relive; prabhum = the mighty; raajaanam = king; R^iNaat = from the debt; abhinandaya pitaram chappi maataram cha = make our father and happy mother.
"O, Bharata! For my sake relieve the mighty king from his vow and make both our mother and fahter happy."
śrūyate hi purā tāta śrutir gītā yaśasvinī |
gayena yajamānena gayeṣu eva pitṛṛn prati || 2-107-11
11. taata = my dear brother!; puraa = formerly; yashasvinaa = by an illustrious king; gayena = named Gaya; yajamaanena = while performing a sacrifice; gayeSvena = in a place called Gaya; pitR^iin prati = in honour of his ancestors; shrutiH = a verse; giitaa = was changed; shruuyate hi = and indeed heard (as follows)
"My dear brother! Formerly, an illustrious king named Gaya, while perfoming a sacrifice in a place called Gaya in honour of his ancestors, chanted the following verse:
pum nāmnā narakād yasmāt pitaram trāyate sutaḥ |
tasmāt putra iti proktaḥ pitṛṛn yat pāti vā sutaḥ || 2-107-12
12. yasmaat = since; sutaH = a son; traayate = delivers; pitaram = his father; narakaat = from a place of torment; punnaamaH = called 'Put'; tasmaat = for that reason; protaH = (he) is named; pitra iti = as "Putra"; yaH = he who; paati = delivers; pitR^iin = his ancestors; sarvataH = from all (dangers).
"Since a son delivers his father from a place of torment (hell) called 'Put', he is named as 'Putra'- 'he who delivers his ancestors from all dangers'"
eṣṭavyā bahavaḥ putrā guṇavanto bahu śrutāḥ |
teṣām vai samavetānām api kaścid gayām vrajet || 2-107-13
13. bahavaH = many; yuNavantaH = viruous; bahushrutaaH = and very learned; putraH = sons; eSTavyaaH = are to be desired; teSaam = In them; kashchidapi = at lease one; samavetaanaam = who is intimately related; vrajet = may go; gayaam = to Gaya (to perform a sacrifice)
"To have many virtuous and learned sons is to be desired, since one, atleast among them, who is intimately connected will ocme to Gaya to perform a sacrifice."
evam rāja ṛṣayaḥ sarve pratītā rāja nandana |
tasmāt trāhi nara śreṣṭha pitaram narakāt prabho || 2-107-14
14. raaja nandan = O; Prince!; sarve = all; raajarSayaH = the royal sages; pratiitaaH = the royal sages; pratiitaaH = are convinced; evam = in this narashreSTa = and the excellent among men!; tasmaat = for that reason; traahi = save; pitaram = our father; narakaat = from hell.
"O, prince! This is the conviction of all the royal sages. O, the efficient and the excellent of men! Therefore, save our father from hell.
ayodhyām gagccha bharata prakṛtīr anuranjaya |
śatrughna sahito vīra saha sarvair dvijātibhiḥ || 2-107-15
15. viiraH = O; the valiant; bharataH = Bharata!; gachchha = go; ayodhyaam = to Ayodhya; shatrughna sahitaH = along with Shatrughna; sarvaiH = and all; dvijaatibhiH saha = the brahmanas; anuraNjaya = and give joy; prakR^itiiH = the people.
"O, the valiant Bharata! Go to Ayodhya along with Shatrughna and all the Brahmanas and give joy to the people there."
pravekṣye daṇḍaka araṇyam aham apy avilambayan |
ābhyām tu sahito rājan vaidehyā lakṣmaṇena ca || 2-107-16
16. raajan = O; King!; ahamapi = I too; avilambayan = without delay; pravekSe = shall enter; daNDakaaraNyam = the forest of Dandaka; sahitaH = along with; abhyaam = this; vaidehyaa = Seetha; lakSmaNena = and Lakshmana.
"O, King! I too, without delay, will proceed to Dandaka forest along with Seetha and Lakshaman."
tvam rājā bhava bharata svayam narāṇām |
vanyānām aham api rāja rāṇ mṛgāṇām |
gagccha tvam pura varam adya samprahṛṣṭaḥ |
samhṛṣṭaḥ tu aham api daṇḍakān pravekṣye || 2-107-17
17. bharata = O; Bharata!; tvam = you; svayam = yourself; bhava = become; raajaa = the Lord; naraaNaam = of men; ahamapi = I too; raajaraaT = (will become) the great Lord; mR^igaaNaam = of the wild beasts; vanyaanaam = in this forest; tvam = you; gachchha = proceed; puravaram = to the excellent city of Ayodhya; adya = now; samprahR^iSTaH = with joy; ahampai = I also; pravekSye = shall enter; daN^Dakaan; Dandaka forest; sampraR^iSTaH = with joy.
"O, Bharata! You become the Lord of men. I will become the emperor of the wild beasts of the forest! Return now to the excellent city of Ayodhya full of joy and I also full of joy will enter Dankada Forest!"
cāyām te dina kara bhāḥ prabādhamānam |
varṣatram bharata karotu mūrdhni śītām |
eteṣām aham api kānana drumāṇām |
cāyām tām atiśayinīm sukham śrayiṣye || 2-107-18
18. bharata = O; Bharata!; varSatram = (Let) the umbrella; karotu = make; shiitaam = a coo; chhaayaam = shadow; te muurdhni = for your head; prabaadhamaanam = which is affected; dinakarabhaaH = by sunlight; ahamapi = I too; sukhii = comfortably; shrayiSye = shall take; shelter; taam = under that; atishayaniim = abundant; chhaayaam = shadow; kaanana drumaaNaam = of forest-trees.
"O, Bharata! Let the (royal) white umbrella provide a cool shadow for your head, repulsing the rays of sunlight. I will take shelter comoftably under the abundant shadow of these forest-trees."
śatrughnaḥ kuśala matiḥ tu te sahāyaḥ |
saumitrir mama viditaḥ pradhāna mitram |
catvāraḥ tanaya varā vayam nara indram |
satyastham bharata carāma mā viṣādam || 2-107-19
19. bharata = O; Bharata!; kushalamatiH = the intelligent; shatrughnaH = Shatrughna; sahaayaH = is helpful; te = to you; saumitriH = Lakshmana; viditaH = is known; pradhaana mitram = to be a cheif companion; mama = for me; vayam = we ; chatvaaraH = the four; tanayavaraaH = excellent sons; charaama = will make; narendram = the king; satyastham = true to his promise; maa viSiida = do not grieve.
"O, Bharata! The wise Shatrughna is helpful to you. Lakshmana is known to be an outstanding friend for me. We, the four excellent sons, will ultimately make the king true to his promise. Do not get disappointed."
- - -
ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe saptottaraśatatamaḥ sargaḥ
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© August 2005, K. M. K. Murthy
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