Rama asks Bharata why he has come to the forest, wearing robes of bark and antelope skin, abandoning Ayodhya kingdom. Bharata informs Rama about Dasaratha's death and requests Rama to take over the kingdom, endowed to him as per succession. Rama says that since king Dasaratha allotted two different duties to the two of them one enjoining the exile of his elder brother being binding on him and the other bequeathing the kingdom to Bharata, they must be implicitly obeyed by both of them.
tam tu rāmaḥ samāśvāsya bhrātaram guru vatsalam |
lakṣmaṇena saha bhrātrā praṣṭum samupacakrame || 2-101-1
1. raamaH = rama; lakSmaNe saha = along with Lakshman; bhraatraa = his younger brother; samupachakrame = began; praSTum = to question; tam = that Bharata; bhraataram = his brother; guruvatsalam = who was devoted to his elders.
Rama along with Lakshmana, his younger brother, began to question Bharata, his brother who was devoted to elders (as follows):
kim etad igccheyam aham śrotum pravyāhṛtam tvayā |
yasmāt tvam āgato deśam imam cīra jaṭā ajinī || 2-101-2
2. aham = I; ichchhayam = desire; shrotum = to hear; pravyaahR^itam = as said; tvayaa = by you; yasmaat = why; kim = and what; etat = in this manner; tvam = you; aagataH = have come; imam desham = to this place; chiira jaTaa jinaH = in robes of bark and an antelope-skin.
"I desire to hear from you, why you have come tot his place in robes of bark and an antelope-skin."
kim nimittam imam deśam kṛṣṇa ajina jaṭā dharaḥ |
hitvā rājyam praviṣṭaḥ tvam tat sarvam vaktum arhasi || 2-101-3
3. arhasi = you ought; vaktum = to tell; sarvam = all; tat = that; kimnimittam = for what purpose; tvam = you; praviSTaH = entered; imam desham = this place; kR^iSNaajinajaTaadharaH = clad in deer-skin and matted hair; hitvaa = leaving; raajyam = the kingdom.
"You ought to tell me all about the purpose for which you entered this place, clad in deer-skin and matted hair, relinquishing the kingdom."
ity uktaḥ kekayī putraḥ kākutsthena mahātmanā |
pragṛhya balavad bhūyaḥ prānjalir vākyam abravīt || 2-101-4
4. iti = this; uktaH = spoken; kaakutthsena = by Rama; mahaatmanaa = the high souled; bhuuyaH = again; balavat = closely; pragR^ihya = embracing him; kaikeyiiputraH = Bharata; praaNjaliH = with joined palms; abraviit = spoke; vaakyam = (the following) words:
Thus questioned by the high souled Rama, by closely embracing him again, Bharata with joined palms answered as follows:
āryam tātaḥ parityajya kṛtvā karma suduṣkaram |
gataḥ svargam mahā bāhuḥ putra śoka abhipīḍitaḥ || 2-101-5
5. aaryam = my noble brother!; taataH = our father; mahaabaahuH = the mighty armed; kR^itvaa = after performing; karma = a deed; suduSkaram = most difficult to perform; parityajya = and having abandoned (us); gataH = has gone; svaragam = to divine region; putra shokaabhipiiDitaH = with grief caused by separation from him son.
"O, noble brother! Our father the mighty armed, after performing a deed must difficult to perform, and having abandoned us has gone the divine region; he died of grief on account of separation from his son."
striyā niyuktaḥ kaikeyyā mama mātrā param tapa |
cakāra sumahat pāpam idam ātma yaśo haram || 2-101-6
6. paramtapa = O; tormented of foes!; niyuktaH = as urged; striyaa = by his wife; mania = and my; maatvaa = mother; kaikeyyaa = Kaikeyi; chakaara = he made; idam = this; sumahat = great; paapam = sin; aatma yashokaram = that has taken away his own reputation.
"O, tormented of foes! As urged by his wife and my mother Kaikeyi;, our father committed this great sin that has taken away his own reputation."
sā rājya phalam aprāpya vidhavā śoka karśitā |
patiṣyati mahā ghore niraye jananī mama || 2-101-7
7. apraapya = having not got; raajyaphalam = the fruit of the kingdom; vidhavaa = (but only) having become a widow; shika kashitaa = and emaciated by grief; mama = my; jananii = mother; saa = that kaikeyi; patiSyati = will fall; mahaaghore = in a highly terrible; neraye = hell.
"Without having plucked the fruit of kingdom, widowed and emaciated with grief my mother will fall into the most terrific hell."
tasya me dāsa bhūtasya prasādam kartum arhasi |
abhiṣincasva ca adya eva rājyena maghavān iva || 2-101-8
8. arhasi = you ought; kartum = to show; prasaadam = kindness; me = to me; daasa bhuutasya = a true servant; tasya = as such; abhiSiN^chasva = and get anointed; raajyena = in the kingdom; adyaiva = this very day; maghanaaniva = like Devendra the Lord of celestials.
"Grant me, who am your true servant, a favour! This very day, as Indra the Lord of celestials himself, receive the royal anointing!"
imāḥ prakṛtayaḥ sarvā vidhavā māturaḥ ca yāḥ |
tvat sakāśam anuprāptāḥ prasādam kartum arhasi || 2-101-9
9. sarvaaH = all; imaaH = these; prakR^itayaH = people; vidhavaaH = the widowed; maatarashcha = mothers; anupraaptaaH = have reached; tvat sakaasham = your proximity; arhasi = you ought; kartum = to show; prasaadam = your kindness.
"Grant all these people and these widowed Queens, who have come here to see you, this felicity!"
tadā ānupūrvyā yuktam ca yuktam ca ātmani mānada |
rājyam prāpnuhi dharmeṇa sakāmān suhṛdaḥ kuru || 2-101-10
10. maanada = O; proud Prince!; tat = for that reason; praapriuhi = accept indeed; raajyam = the kingdom; yuktam = that is befitting; aatmani = you; yuktam = and endowed to you; anupuurvyaa = as per succession; dharmeNa = and as per your right; kuru = and fulfill; sakaamaan = the desires; suhR^idaH = of your friends.
"O, Prince! For that reason, accept the throne that is befitting; endowed to you as per succession and that is yours by right fulfill, as your should, the desires of your friends."
bhavatu avidhavā bhūmiḥ samagrā patinā tvayā |
śaśinā vimalena iva śāradī rajanī yathā || 2-101-11
11. samagraa = (Let) the entire; bhuumiH = world; bhavau = become; avidhavaa = bereft of widowhood; tvayaa = by you; patinaa = the Lord; vimalena iva = as the immaculate; shashinaa = moon; shaaradii = to the autumn; rajanii yathaa = night.
"Bring the widowhood of the entire world to an end by becoming her Lord, as does the immaculate moon to the autumn-night."
ebhiḥ ca sacivaiḥ sārdham śirasā yācito mayā |
bhrātuḥ śiṣyasya dāsasya prasādam kartum arhasi || 2-101-12
12. arhasi = you ought; kartum = to grant; prasaadam = this grace; bhraatuH = to your brother; yaachitaH shivasaa = who prostratas at your feet; ebhiH sachivaiH saartham = with your ministers; mayaa = by me; shiSyasya = who is a discipline; daasasya = and a slave.
"Grant this grace to your brother, who prostrates at your feet along with your ministers is both your discipline and your slave."
tad idam śāśvatam pitryam sarvam saciva maṇḍalam |
pūjitam puruṣa vyāghra na atikramitum utsahe || 2-101-13
13. puruSa vyaaghraH = O; Tiger among men!; naarhasi = you cannot; atikramitum = disregard; idam = this; prakR^itimaN^Dalam = unbroken kingdom; shaashvatam = which is eternal; pitryam = ancestral; puujitam = and honoured.
"O, Tiger among men! You cannot disregard this unbroken kingdom, which is eternal, ancestral and honoured."
evam uktvā mahā bāhuḥ sabāṣpaḥ kekayī sutaḥ |
rāmasya śirasā pādau jagrāha bharataḥ punaḥ || 2-101-14
14. evam = Thus; uktvaa = speaking; mahaa baahuH = the mighty armed; kaikeyiisutaH = Bharata; sa baaSpaH = with tears; punaH = again; jagraha = seized raamasya = Rama's paadau = feet; shirasaa = in great honour; vidhivat = as per precept.
Thus speaking, the mighty armed Bharata, with tears, once again seized Rama's feet in great honour, as per precept.
tam mattam iva mātangam nihśvasantam punaḥ punaḥ |
bhrātaram bharatam rāmaḥ pariṣvajya idam abravīt || 2-101-15
15. raamaH = Rama; pariSvjya = embraced; bhraataram = his brother; tam = bharata; that Bharata; niH shvasantam = who sighed; punaH punaH = again and again; maataN^gam iva = like an elephant; mattam = in rut; abraviit = and spoke; idam = these words.
Rama embraced his brother Bharata, who sighed again and again like an elephant in rut, and spoke as follows:-
kulīnaḥ sattva sampannaḥ tejasvī carita vrataḥ |
rājya hetoḥ katham pāpam ācaret tvad vidho janaḥ || 2-101-16
16. katham = how; janaH = should a man; madvidhaH = like myself; kuliinaH = of noble birth; sattva sampannaH = rich in Sattva (goodness); tejasvii = dignified; charita vrataH = and who has observed sacred vows; aacharet = commit; paapam = sin; raajya hetoH = for the sake of a mere kingdom?
"How should a man of noble birth, rich in Sattva (goodness), dignified and who has observed sacred vows like myself, commit sin for the sake of a mere kingdom?"
na doṣam tvayi paśyāmi sūkṣmam apy ari sūdana |
na ca api jananīm bālyāt tvam vigarhitum arhasi || 2-101-17
17. arisuudanaH = O; Bharata the annihilator of enemies!; na pashyaami = I do not see; suukSmamapi = even a little; doSam = of fault; tvayi = in you; naarhasi chaapi = you ought not even; vigarhitum = to abuse; jananiim = your mother; baalyaat = for a childish action.
"O, Bharata the annihilator of enemies! I do not see the slightest fault in you and you should not reproach your mother for a childish action."
kāmakaro mahāprāajña gurūṇāṃ sarvadānagha |
upapanneṣu dāreṣu putreṣu ca vidhīyate || 2-101-18
18. mahaapraaj^Na = O; Bharata the highly intelligent!; anagha = and the faultless man!; vidhiiyate = It is incumbent; sarvadaa = always; guruuNaam = on the part of the elders; kaamakaaraH = to act freely; upapanneSu = with reference to their esteemed; daareSu = wife; putreSu aha = and progeny.
"O, Bharata the highly intelligent and the faultless man! It is incumbent always on the part of the elders to act freely with reference to their wives and progeny."
vayamasya yathā loke saṃkhyātāḥ suamya sādhubhiḥ |
bhāryāḥ putrāśca śiṣyāścha tvamanujñātumarhasi || 2-101-19
19. saumya = O; gentle brother!; yathaa = In what manner; samkhyaataaH = it was said; saadhubhiH = by virtuous men; loke = in this world; (in the same manner); tvam = you; arhasi = ought; anj^Naatum = to know; (that); vayam = we; bhaaryaaH = the women; putraashcha = children; shiSyaashcha = and disciples; (obey); asya = our Lord.
"O, gentle brother! Since it was said thus by virtuous men in this world, we should all, women children and disciples, obey our Lord; this must be known to you."
vane vā cīravasanaṃ saumyakṛṣṇājināmbaram |
rājye vāpi mahārājo māṃ vāsayitumīśvaraḥ || 2-101-20
20. mahaaraajaH = The great king; iishvaraH = is the master; vaasaye tum maam = who may either make me reside; vane vaa = in the forest; chiiravasanam = wearing bark robes; kR^iSNaajinaambaram = and a black antelope skin; raajye vaapi = or to sit on the throne; saumya = O gentle brother!.
"The great king is the master, who has a discretion either to make me reside in the forest, wearing bark robes and a black antelope skin or to sit on the throne, O gentle brother!"
yāvat pitari dharmajna gauravam loka satkṛte |
tāvad dharmabhṛtām śreṣṭha jananyām api gauravam || 2-101-21
21. shreSTha = O; excellent; dharma bhR^itaam = among the supporters of law!; djar;ak^Ne = and the virtuous!; taavat = the same degree; gouravam = of respect; jananyaamapi = is due to our mother; yaavat = as is due; pitari = to our fathrs; lokasatkR^itam = who was honoured by the world.
"O, excellent among the supporters of law and the virtuous! The same degree of respect is to be paid to our mother, as is due to our father, who is honoured by all."
etābhyām dharma śīlābhyām vanam gagccha iti rāghava |
mātā pitṛbhyām ukto aham katham anyat samācare || 2-101-22
22. katham = how; aham samaachare = can I do; anyat = otherwise; uktaH = while i was spoken; etaabhyaam maataa pitR^ibhyaam = by both my mother and father; dharmashiilaabhyaam = of virtuous nature; vanam gachchha iti = to go to the forest.
"How can I do otherwise, while both my parents of virtuous nature ask me to go to the forest?"
tvayā rājyam ayodhyāyām prāptavyam loka satkṛtam |
vastavyam daṇḍaka araṇye mayā valkala vāsasā || 2-101-23
23. raajyam = The throne; ayodhyaam = in Ayodhya; loka satkR^itam = that the world reveres; praaptavyam = is to be occupied; tvayaa = by you; daN^DakaaraNye = and in the Dandaka forest; vastavyam = is to be occupied; mayaa = by me; valkalavaasasaa = wearing bark robes.
"It is for you to occupy the throne in Ayodhya that the world reveres and it is for me to occupy this Dandaka forest, wearing bark robes."
evam kṛtvā mahā rājo vibhāgam loka samnidhau |
vyādiśya ca mahā tejā divam daśaratho gataḥ || 2-101-24
24. vyaadishyacha = having commanded thus; mahaaraajaH = the great king; mahaatejaaH = with a great splendour; dasharathaH = Dasaratha; kR^itvaa = made; vibhaagam = the division of duties; evam = in this manner; loka sannidhau = in the presence of the people; gataH = and scended; divam = to heaven.
"Having commanded thus, the emperor Dasaratha with a great splendour, made the division of duties in this manner (for us two) in the presence of the people and then ascended to heaven."
sa ca pramāṇam dharma ātmā rājā loka guruḥ tava |
pitrā dattam yathā bhāgam upabhoktum tvam arhasi || 2-101-25
25. saH raajaa = that king; dharmaatmaa = the pious souled; lokaguruH = and the preceptor of the world; pramaaNam = is the standard authority; tava = for you; tvam = you; arhasi = ought; upabhoktum = to enjoy; yathaablaagam = according to the share; dattam = given; pitraa = by our father.
"That pious souled king, the preceptor of the world is the standard authority for you and you have to enjoy the share given by our father accordingly."
caturdaśa samāḥ saumya daṇḍaka araṇyam āśritaḥ |
upabhokṣye tu aham dattam bhāgam pitrā mahātmanā || 2-101-26
26. aham tu = I; for my part; upabhokSye = souled; pitraa = father; chaturdasha = for fourteen; samaaH = years; aashritaH = taking my abode; daN^Dakaaranyam = in Dandaka forest; saumya = O; gentle brother.
"I, for my part, shall enjoy the share given to me by our high-souled father for fourteen years, taking my abode in Dandaka forest, O gentle brother!"
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ityārṣe śrīmadrāmāyaṇe ādikāvye ayodhyākāṇḍe ekottaraśatatamaḥ sargaḥ
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