Chapter [Sarga] 97


Rama pacifies Lakshmana, saying that Bharata, due to his affection towards his brothers and due to the distress that troubles his mind after hearing of the news of their exile, he came to the forest and not with any other motive. Ashamed of himself to hear the opinion of Rama about Bharata, and descending the tree, Lakshmana hides his abashment by changing the topic. Commanded by Bharata that no disturbance should be caused to the hermitage occupied by Rama, the army encamps around the edge of the mountain, chitrakuta.

Verse Locator

susBxm! tu saEimim! lm[m! aex mUicRtm!,
ram> tu pirsaNTVy Aw vcnm! c #dm! AvIt!. 2971

1. atha= then; raamstu= Rama on the other hand; parisaantvya= pacifying; lakSmaNam= Lakshmana; saumitrim= son of sumitra; susuamrabdham= who was very much agitated; krodhamuurchhitam= and infatuated with anger; abraviit= and spoke; idam= these; vachanam cha= words.

Rama on the other hand, pacifying Lakshmana (son of Sumitra), who was very much agitated and infatuated with anger, spoke the following words:

Verse Locator

ikm! A xnu;a kayRm! Aisna va scmR[a,
mha #:vase mha aJne -rte Svym! Aagte. 2972

2. mahesvaase= wielding a great bow; mahaapraaj^Ne= and highly wise man; svayam= himself; aagate= is coming; atra= here; kim kaaryam= what is the use; dhanuSara= or a sword; sacharmaNaa= with a shield?

"While Bharata, wieldin a bow and highly wise-man himself is coming here, what is the use of a bow or sword with a shield?"

Verse Locator

iptuSsTy< ituTy hTva -rtmagtm!,
ikm! kir:yaim raJyen sapvaden lm[. 2973

3. kim kariSyaami= what shall I do; raajyena= with the kingdom; saapavaadena= by acquiring ill-fame; hatvaa= killing; bharatum= Bharata; aagatam= who came (to see me); pratishrutya= having promised to make; pituH= our father's word; satyam= a reality; lakSmaNa= O, !;

"O, Lakshmana! Having promised to make our father's wish a reality. What shall I do with the kingdom by acquiring an ill-fame in killing Bharata who came here to see me?"

Verse Locator

ydVy< baNdvana< va ima[a< va]ye -vt!,
nah< titg&Iya< -]aiNv;ktainv 2974

4. yat dravyam= which wealth; bhavat= will come into existence; kSaye= in destroying; baandhavaanaam vaa= the relatives; mitraaNaam vaa= or companions; aham= I; na pratigR^ihNiiyaam= will not partake; tat= it; viSakR^itaan iva= like poisoned; bhakSaan= food.

"I should not enjoy the spoils obtained by slaying a relative or friend, like the partaking of a poisoned food."

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xmRmw c kam< c p&iwvI caip l][,
#CDaim -vtamweR @tt! itz&[aeim te. 2975

5. lakSmaNa= O, Lakshmana!; bhavataam= arthe= It is for your sake; ichchhaami= I desire; dharmam= virue; artham cha= (legitimately acquired) wealth; kaamam cha= and pleasure; pR^ithiviimchaapi= or even earth itself; pratishR^iNomi= I promise; etat= this; te= to you.

"O, Lakshmana! It is for your sake I desire virtue, legitimately acquired wealth and pleasure or even the earth itself. I promise this to you."

Verse Locator

at&[a< s<haw c suoaw caip lm[,
raJymPyhimCDaim sTyenayuxmal-e. 2976

6. lakSmaNa= O, Lashmana; aham= I; ichchhami= desire; raajyamapi= the throne only; samgrahaartham= for the protection; sukhaartham chaapi= and happiness; bhraatR^iiNaam= of my brothers; aalabhe= I touch; satyma= in vow; aayudham= my weapon.

"O, Lakshmana! I desire the throne only for the protection and happiness of my brothers. I touch my weapon and swear this fact."

Verse Locator

ney< mm mhI saEMy lR-a sagraMbra,
n hICDeymxmeR[ zTvmip lm[. 2977

7. iyam= this earth; saagaraambaraa= bounded by the sea; na= is not; mama= to me; durlabhaa= hard to obtain; lakSmaNa= O, Lakshmana; saumya= the excellent man!; na ichchheyam hi= I do not indeed desire; shakratvamapi= even the position of Indra; adharmeNa= by unrighteousness.

"This earth, bounded by the sea is not hard to obtain for me, O the excellent man! I do not indeed wish even the position of Indra by unrighteousness."

Verse Locator

yina -rt< Tva< c zu< caip mand,
-veNmm suo< ik<icSm tTkta< izoI. 2978

8. yat tat= If there be; kimchit sukham= and happiness; mama bhavet= that I could obtain; vinaa bharatam= without Bharata; tvaam cha= or you; shatrughnam chaapi= or without Shatrughna; tat kurutaam= may it be made; bhasma= to ashes; shikhii= by fire; maanada= O, Lakshamana the honour-giver!

"If there be happiness that I could enjoy without Bharata or you or without Shatrughna, may it be without Shatrughna, may it be burnt to ashes by fire, O the honour-giver!"

Verse Locator

mNye=hmagtae=yeXya< -rtae at&vTsl>,
mm a[a!ipytr> klxmRmnuSmrn!. 2979
uTva aijt< ma< ih jqavLklxair[m!,
janKyasiht< vIr Tvya c pu;;R-. 29710
ehenaaNtdy> izkenakilteiNy>,
um_yagtae e; -rtae naNyw==gt>. 29711

9,10,11. aham= I;manye= think; bharataH= Bharata; aagataH= returned; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; bhratR^ivatsalaH= full of affection for his brothers; priyataraH= he is dearer; mama= to me; praaNaat= than my life; anusmaram= he who is mindful; kuladharmam= of the duties of his race; shrutvaa= hearing; pravraajitam= of my exile; jaTaavalkala dhaariNam= and that I was weraing matted locks and the antelope skin; sahitam= accompanied; jaanakyaa= by Janaki; tvayaacha= and you; viira= O, valiant; puruSarSabha= the most excellent among men!, snehena= in his companionship towards me; shokena= and by the distress; aakraanta hR^idayaH= that troubles his mind; akulitendriyaH= and with perplexed senses; eSaH= his; bharataH = Bharata; abhyaagataH= has come; draSTum= to see; (me); na aagataH= he has not come; anyathaa= for any other purpose.

"I think Bharata was back to Ayodhya, with full of affection for his brothers. He is dearer to me than my life- he who is mindful of the duties of his race. Hearing of my exile and that I was wearing matted locks and the antelope skin, accompanied by Seetha and you, O most valiant of warriors, in his devotion towards me and due to the distress that troubles his mind, Bharata has come to see me. He has not come with any other motive."

Verse Locator

AMba< c kEkyI :y p;< caiy< vdn!,
sa* iptr< Iman! raJy< me datumagt>. 29712

12. shriimaan= the glorious Bharata; ruSya= enraged; ambaam= with his mother; kaikeyaam= Kaikeyi; vadan= speaking paruSam= harshly; apriyamcha= and unkindly; prasaadya= got cleared; pitaram= by our father; aagataH= and came; daatum= to bestow; raajyam= kingdom; me= to me.

"Getting angry with Kaikeyi his mother and speaking unkind and harsh words to her, the glorious Bharata after getting permission from our further, came here to bestow kingdom to me."

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a kalm! yd @;ae ASman! -rtae um! #GCAit,
ASmasu mnsa APy! @; n Aihtm! ikiMcd Aacret!. 29713

13. praapta kaalam= this is the proper time; eSaH bharataH= for this Bharata; yat draSTum= ichchhati= to wish to see; asmaan= us; naacharet= he does not behave; manasena api= or even think; kimchit= even a little; apriyam= unkindly; asmaasu= towards us.

"This is the proper time for Bharata to come here and see us. He does not behave or even think unkindly towards us."

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iviym! kt pUvRm! te -rten kda n ikm!,
$zm! va -ym! te A* -rtm! yae A zNkse. 29714

14. kim= whether; vipriyam= (any) harm or; iidR^isham= such; bhayam vaa= a frightful thing; kR^ita puurvam- was done previously; bharatena= by Bharata; kadaa= at any time; te yaH= that you; shaNkase= are apprehending; bhaatam= about Bharata; adya= now; atra= here.

"Has Bharata at any time done any harm to you previously? What so the reason for you to be so apprehensive of Bharata now?"

Verse Locator

n ih te inurm! vaCyae -rtae n Aiym! vc>,
Ahm! ! Aiym! %> Syam! -rtSy Aiye kte. 29715

15. te= for you; bharataH= Bharata; na vaachya= is not to be spoken of; niSThuram= harshly; na= nor; apriyam= a disagreeble; vachaH= word; kR^ite apriyam= If an affront is offered; bharatasya= to bharata; aham= I (myself); syaam hi= will become; uktaH= spoken; apriyum= of unpleasantness.

"Indeed, Bharata must not hear harsh or disagreeable word from your lips. If an affront is offered to him, it is offered to me!"

Verse Locator

kwm! nu pua> iptrm! hNyu> kSyaiMcd Aapid,
ata va atrm! hNyat! saEime a[m! AaTmn>. 29716

16. saumitra= O, Lakshma!; katham nu= How should; putraaH= sons; hamyuH= strike; pitaram= their father; kasyaam chit aapadi= (even) in anydistress; bhraataaraa= or a brother; hanyaat= strike; bhraataram= a brother; aatmanaH praaNam= who is as dear to him as his life?

"O, Lakshmana! How should a son strike his father, even in a distress or a brother strike a brother who is as dear to him as his life?"

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yid raJySy hetae> Tvm! #mam! vacm! -a;se,
vyaim -rtm! va raJym! ASmE dIytam!. 29717

17. tvam prabhaase yadi= If you are speaking; imaam vaacham= these words; raajyasya heto= for the sake of the kingdom; dR^iSTvaa= after seeing; bharatam= Bharata; vakSyaami= I shall tell; asai= him; pradiiyataam= to give; raajyam= the kingdom.

"If you are uttering these words for the sake of the kingdom, I shall tell Bharata to give the kingdom to you, when I see him."

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%Cymanae ih -rtae mya lm[ tvt>,
raJym! ASmE yGCA #it baFm! #Ty! @v vyit. 29718

18. lakSmaNa= O, Lakshmana!; uchyamaanaH= after being told; iti= that; prayachchha= to give; raajyam= the kingdom; asmai= to him; tattvataH= really; vakSyati= he will say; baaDham ityeva= "So be it".

"O, Lakshmana! When Bharata receives this command from me, "Cede the empire to him", he will answer, So, be it."

Verse Locator

twa %ae xmR zIlen aa tSy ihte rt>,
lm[> ivvez #v Svain gaai[ lya. 29719

19. tathaa= thus; uktaH= spoken; dharma shiilena= by his honourable; bhraatraa= brother; tsya= to whom; hite rataaH= he was devoted; lakSmaNa= ; lajjayaa= abashed; pravivesheva= as though sinking; svaam= into his; gaatraaNi= limbs.

At these words spoken by his honourable brother, to whom he was devoted, abashed, shrank into himself.

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taKy< lm[> uTva Iizt> Tyuvac h,
Tv mNye umayat> ipta dzrw> Svym!. 29720

20. shrutvaa= listening; tadvaakyam= to these words; lakSmaNaH= Lakshman; vriiLitaH= ashamed; pratyuvaacha ha= answered; manye= i think; pitaa= that our father; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; aayataH= came; draSTum= to see; tvaa= you; svayam= himself.

Listening to these words ashamed, answered: "I think that our father Dasaratha came here to see you himself."

Verse Locator

Iiftm! lm[m! va ra"v> Tyuvac h,
@; mNye mha bar #h ASman! um! Aagt>. 29721

21. dR^iSTvaa= observing; vriiDitam= the emberassed; lakSmaNam= lakshman; raaghavaH= Rama; pratyuvaacha ha= replied; manye= I think; mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; eSaH= Dasaratha; aagataH= came; iham= here; draSTum= to see; asmaan= us.

Observing the emberassed , Rama said, "I think the mighty armed Dasaratha came here to see us."

Verse Locator

Awva naE uv< mNye mNyman> suoaeictaE,
vn vasm! AnuXyay g&hay itne:yit. 29722

22. athavaa= or rather; manye dhruam= i think surely; manyamaanaH= as he knows; nau= that we; sukhochitau= have been accustomed to comfort; anudhyaaya= reflecting; vanavaasam= that we are dwelling in the forest; pratineSyati= he wishes to bring us; gR^ihaaya= home.

"Or rather, to my mind, as he knows that we have been accustomed to comfort, reflecting that we are dwelling in the forest, he wishes to take us home."

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#mam! va APy! @z vEdehIm! ATyNt suo seivnIm!,
@taE taE sMkazete gaevNtaE mnae rmaE. 29723

23. shriimaan= the glorious; eSaH raaghavaH= Dasaratha; me pitaa= my father; yaasyati= will go; aadaaya= taking back; imaam= this; vaidehiim vaa= Seetha possibly; vanaat= from the forest; atyanta sukha seviniim= she who has ever lived in the heart of prosperity.

"The glorious Dasaratha, my father possibly will take back Seetha from the forest, she who has ever lived in the heart of prosperity."

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@taE taE s<kazete gaevNtaE mnaermaE,
vayu veg smaE vIr jvnaE turg %maE. 29724

24. viira= O, warrior!; tau= those two; etau= this; turagothamau= excellent horses; gotravantau= of noble breed; manoramau= attractively; vaayuvega samsu= vying with the wind; jananau= in swiftness.

"O, warrior! See those two excellent horses of noble breed, shining attractively and vying with the wind in swiftness."

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s @; sumha kay> kMpte vaihnI muoe,
nag> zuMjyae nam v&> tatSy xImt>. 29725

25. eSaH= here is; saH= that; mahaakaayaH= colossal; naagaH= elephant; kampate= who is moving; vaahiniimukhe= at the head of the army; shatruNjayo naama= called Shatrumjaya; vR^iddhaH= the aged; (companion); dhiimataH= of our sagacious; taatasya= father.

"Here is that colossal elephant who is moving at the head of the army called Shatrunjaya, the aged companion of our sagacious father."

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n tu pZyaim tCD< pa{fr< laeksTkm!,
iptuidRVy< mhabahae s<zyae -vtIh me 29726

26. mahaa baaho= O, the mighty armed !; na pashyaami= I do not see; tat chhatramtu= paaNDaram= that white canopy; divyam= the heavenly one; loka satkR^itam= well-known in the world; me= to me; samshayaH= an apprehension; iha= on this point; bhavati= is created.

"O, the mighty armed! But I do not see that white heavenly canopy of our father, well known insignia in the world. An apprehension on this point is created in my mind."

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v&]aadvraeh Tv< k lMm[ mc>,
#tIv ramae xmaRTma saEimi< tmuvac h. 29727

27. lakSmaNa= O, Lakshmana !; tvam= you; avaroha= get down; vR^ikSaagraat= from the top of the tree; kuru= act; madvachaH= on my word; itiiva= thus; uvaacha ha= spoke; dharmaatmaa= the virtuous; raamaH= Rama; tam saumitraim= to that .

"O, Lakshmana! You get down from the top of the tree. Act on my word." Thus spoke the virtuous Rama to that Lakshmana.

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AvtIyR tu sal Aat! tSmat! s simitm! jy>,
lm[> aNjilr -UTva tSwaE ramSy paRt>. 29728

28. avatiirya desending; tasmaat= fromt hat; saalaagraat= top of Sala tree; saH lakSmanaH= that ; samitinjayaH= the victorious in battle; bhuutvaa= becoming; praaNjaliH= one with joined palms; tasthau= stood; paarshvataH= by the side; raamasya= of Rama.

Descending from the top of that Sala tree, Lakshmana the victorious in battle, with joined palms, stood by the side of Rama.

Verse Locator

-rten Aw siMda sMmdaeR n -ved #it,
smNtat! tSy zElSy sena vasm! AkLpyt!. 29729

29. samdiSTaa= commanded; bharatenaapi= by Bharata; iti= that; na sammardaH= no trampling; bhavet= should be made; (in the hermitage of Rama); senaa= by the army; akalpayat aavaasam= which encamped; samantaat= round; tasya shailasya= that mountain.

Commanded by Bharata that no trampling of army should be made in the hermitage of Rama, the army was encamped round the mountain.

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AXyxRm! #:Kvak cmUr yaejnm! pvRtSy sa,
paeR Nyivzd Aav&Ty gj vaij rw Aakla. 29730

30. saa= that; ikSvaakuchamuuH= royal army of Ikshvaku race; gaja vaaji rathaakulaa= crowded iwth elephants, horses and chariots; nyavishat= was encamped; aavR^itya= around; paarshve= the edge; parvatasya= of the mountain; adhyardham youjanam= occupying; an area of one Yojana and a half.

That royal army of Ikshvaku race, crowded with elephants horses and chariots was encamped around the edge of the mountain occupying an area of one Yojana and a half.

Verse Locator

sa ic kqe -rten sena,
xmRm! pur> kTy ivxUy dpRm!,
sadn AwRm! r"u nNdnSy,
ivraecte nIitmta [Ita. 29731

31. saa senaa= that army; praNiitaa= brought; bharatena= by Bharata; niitimatena= the virtuous; vidhuuya= having laid aside; darpam= his arrogance; puraskR^itya= placing in forefront; dharmam= the righteousness; prasanaartham= in order to propitiate; raghunandanasya= Rama; viraajite= showed itself to be disciplined; chitrakuuTe= in the vicinity of Chitrakuta.

Brought by the virtuous Bharata, who laid aside his arrogance, placing the righteousness in forefront in order to propitiate Rama, that army showed itself to be disciplined in the vicinity of Chitrakuta.


#Tya;eR Imamayne Aaidkave AyaeXyaka{fe snvittm> sgR

Thus completes 97th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 97


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Sarga 97 in English Prose


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October 2004, K. M. K. Murthy