Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Rama describes the beauty of Chitrakuta mountain to Seetha. He delightfully shows her the various colourful minerals, several kinds of birds and animals, several type of trees with flowers and fruit, as also the enchanting springs and Cascades in the mountain. Thus, he also diverts his own mind in seeing that captivating scenery.
diirgha kaala uShitaH tasmin girau giri vana priyaH |
videhyaaH priyamaakaankShan svam ca cittam vilobhayan || 2-94-1
atha daasharathiH citram citra kuuTam adarshayat |
bhaaryaam amara samkaashaH shaciim iva puram daraH || 2-94-2
1-2. tataH= thereafter; daasharathiH= Rama; amara samkaashaH= who resembled a God; girivana priyaH= who liked mountains and groves; diirgha kaalositaH= having dwelt for sometime; tasmin= on that; girau= mountain; aakaaN^kSan= who desired; vaidehyaaH= Seetha's; priyam= happiness; vilobhayan= delightful; svam= to his own; chittam= mind; adarshayat= began to point out; chitra kuuTam= of Citrakuta; bhaaryaam= to his consort; puramdaraH iva= as Indra the god of celestials; (converses); shachiimiva= with Shachi the wife of Indra (saying:)
Having dwelt for some time in that mountain, Rama, who resembled God, who liked mountains and groves, who desired Seetha's happiness and himself delightful in his mind, began to point out the beauty of Chitrakuta to his consort, as Indra the god of celestials converses with Shachi the wife of Indra, saying:
na raajyaad bhramshanam bhadre na suhR^idbhir vinaa bhavaH |
mano me baadhate dR^iShTvaa ramaNiiyam imam girim || 2-94-3
3. oh bhadre= O, my good lady!; dR^iSTvaa= by seeing; imam= this; ramaNiiyam= beautiful, girim= mountain; na= neither; bhramshanam= the loss; raajyaat= of the kingdom; na= nor; suhR^idbhirvineabhavaH= the non-existence of friends; baadhate= distresses; memanaH= my mind.
"O, my good lady! By seeing this beautiful mountain, neither the loss of kingdom nor the non-existence of friends distresses my mind."
pashya imam acalam bhadre naanaa dvija gaNa aayutam |
shikharaiH kham iva udviddhair dhaatumadbhir vibhuuShitam || 2-94-4
4. bhadre= O, my good lady!; pashya= Behold; imam achalam= this mountain; naanaa dvijagaNaayutam= abounding with flocks of birds of every kind; dhaatumadbhiH= where minerals lie; vibhuuSitam= crowned; shikharaiH= with peaks; udviddhairiva= that seem to project upwards; kham= to the sky.
"O, my good lady! Behold this mountain, abounding with flocks of birds of every kind where minerals lie and crowned with peaks that seem to project upwards to the sky."
kecid rajata samkaashaaH kecit kShataja samnibhaaH |
piita maajjistha varnaaH ca kecin mani vara prabhaaH || 2-94-5
puShya arka ketuka aabhaaH ca kecij jyotii rasa prabhaaH |
viraajante acala indrasya deshaa dhaatu vibhuuShitaaH || 2-94-6
5-6. kechit= some; deshaaH= areas; achalendrasya= of the mountain; dhaatu vibhuuSitaaH= are crowned with minerals; rajata samkaashaaH= having appearance of silver, kechit= some; kSata sannibhaaH= resembling blood; piitamaaNjiSTa varNaashcha= some yellowish, some red as madder in colour; kechit= some; maNivara prabhaaH= sparkle like precious stones; puSpaarka ketakaabhaashcha= some possessing the luster of topaz and crystal and the hue of Ketaka flower; kechit viraajante= and some sparkle; jyotirasaprabhaaH= with the splendour of a kind of gem called Jyotirasa.
"Some areas of the mountain are encrusted with minerals, having appearance of silver, some resembling blood, some yellowish, some red as madder, some sparkle like precious stones, some possessing, the luster of topaz and crystal and a hue of Ketaka flower and some sparkle with the splendour of a kind of gem called Jyotirasa."
nanaa mR^iga gaNa dviipi tarakShu R^ikSha gaNair vR^itaH |
aduShTair bhaaty ayam shailo bahu pakShi samaakulaH || 2-94-7
7. ayam= shailaH= this mountain; vR^itaH= is filled with; aduSTaiH= tame; naana mR^igagaNa= beasts of every kind; dviipitarakSvR^ikSagaNaiH= tigers, panthers and bears; bhaati= and is enlivened; bahu pakSi samaayutaH= by a flock of many birds.
"The mountain is filled with tame beasts of every kind, tigers, panthers and bears, and is enlivened by a flock of many birds."
aamra jambu asanair lodhraiH priyaalaiH panasair dhavaiH |
ankolair bhavya tinishair bliva tinduka veNubhiH || 2-94-8
kaashmary ariShTa varaNair madhuukaiH tilakaiH tathaa |
badary aamalakair niipair vetra dhanvana biijakaiH || 2-94-9
puShpavadbhiH phala upetaiH chaayaavadbhir mano ramaiH |
evam aadibhir aakiirNaH shriyam puShyaty ayam giriH || 2-94-10
8-10. ayam giriH= this mountain; aakirNaH= abounds with; evam aadibhiH= such type of trees as; aamra jambvasanaiH= laden with flowers; phalopetaiH= and fruits; chaayaavadbhiH= affording magnificent shade; manoramaiH- and pleasing to the mind; lodhraiH= Lodhras; priyaalaiH= Priyalas (commonly called Payals); panasaiH= bread-fruit trees; dhavaiH= Dhavas; ankolaiH= Ankolas; bhavyatinishaiH= Bhavyas and Tinisas; bilva tinduka veNubiH= Bilvas (Bel trees)Tindukas and bamboos; kaashmaryaariSTa varuNaiH= Kasmaris, margosas and Varanas; tathaa= and ; madhuukaiH= Madhukas; tilakaiH= Tilakas; badaryaamalakaiH= Jujube trees; embolic myrobalans; niipaiH= Kadambas; vetra dhanvana biijakaiH= cane; Dhanvanas and pomegranates; puSNaati=enhancing; shriyam= its beauty.
"This mountain abounds with such type of trees as mangoes, rose-apples and Asanas laden with flowers and fruits, affording magnificient shade, and pleasing to the mind, Lodhras, Priyalas (commonly called Payals), bread-fruit trees, Dhavas, Ankolas, Bhavyas and Tinisas, Bilvas (Bel trees), Tindukas and bamboos, Kashmaris, margosas and Varaas, Madhukas; Tilaks, jujube trees, emblic myrobalans, Kadamoos, came, Dhanvanas and pomegranates, enhancing its beauty."
shaila prastheShu ramyeShu pashya imaan kaama harShaNaan |
kinnaraan dvamdvasho bhadre ramamaaNaan manasvinaH || 2-94-11
11. bhadre= O, my good lady!; pashya= see; imaam= these; kinnaraan= Kinnaras; romaharSaNaan= thrilling to be looked at; manasvinaH= in high spirits; ramamaaNaan= who are wandering; dvandvashaH= in comples; ramyeSu= in lovely; shaila prastheSu= mountain-plains.
"O, my good lady! See these Kinnaras, thrilling to be looked at, in their high spirits, wandering in couples in these lovely mountain-plains."
shaakhaa avasaktaan khaDgaamH ca pravaraaNy ambaraaNi ca |
pashya vidyaadhara striiNaam kriiDed deshaan mano ramaan || 2-94-12
12. pashya= behold; khaDgaamshcha= their swords; shaakhaavasaktaan= hanging on the trees; pravaraaNi= their excellent; ambaraaNicha= clothes; manoharaan= and the charming; kriiDoddeshaan= retreats.
"Behold their swords hanging on the trees, their excellent swords and the charming retreats, where vidyadharas and their women sport."
jala prapaatair udbhedair niShyandaiH ca kvacit kvacit |
sravadbhir bhaaty ayam shailaH sravan mada iva dvipaH || 2-94-13
13. ayam= this; shailaH= mountain; bhaati= shines; dvivaH iva= like an elephant; sravanmadaH= with ichors flowing from its forehead; udbhedaiH= as from its crevices; niSpandaishcha= springs; jalapravaahaiH= and cascades; sravidbhiH= flow; kvachit kvachit= here and there.
"This mountain resembles an elephant with ichors flowing from its forehead, as from its crevices, springs and cascades flow here and there."
guhaa samiiraNo gandhaan naanaa puShpa bhavaan vahan |
ghraaNa tarpaNam abhyetya kam naram na praharShayet || 2-94-14
14. kam naram= what sort of man; na praharSayet= would not be filled with delight; guhaasami karaNaH= by these glades; gandhaan= (from which) fragrance; naanaa puSpa bhavaan= of many flowers; vahan= issues; ghraaNatarpaNam= pleasing to the senses?
"Who would not be filled with delight, by these glades from which fragrance of various flowers issues, pleasing to the senses?"
yadi iha sharado anekaaH tvayaa saardham anindite |
lakShmaNena ca vatsyaami na maam shokaH pradhakShyati || 2-94-15
15. anindite= O, irreproachable lady!; vatsyaani yadi= If I am to live; tvayaa saardham= with you; lakSmaNecha= and Lakshmana; anakaaH= for many; sharadaH= autumns; iha= here; shokaH= grief; na pradhakSyati= will not get the upper hand over; maam= me.
"O, irreproachable lay! If I am live with you and Lakshmana for many autumns here, grief will not overpower me."
bahu puShpa phale ramye naanaa dvija gaNa aayute |
vicitra shikhare hy asmin ratavaan asmi bhaamini || 2-94-16
16. bhaamini= O, Seetha!; asmin= this mountain; bahu puSpa phale= laden with many flowers and fruit; ramye= the enchanting; naanaa dvijagaNaayute= resort of flocks of birds; vichitra shikhare= with its ravishing peaks; asmin hi= I am indeed; ratavaan= captivated.
"O, Seetha! Seeing this mountain laden with many flowers and fruit, the enchanting resort of flocks of birds as also the ravishing peaks of the mountain, I am really captivated."
anena vana vaasena mayaa praaptam phala dvayam |
pituH ca anR^iNataa dharme bharatasya priyam tathaa || 2-94-17
17. anena= vana vaasena= by residing in the forest; phala dvayam= a two-fold advantage; praaptam= is secured; mayaa= by me; anR^iNataa= freedom from debt; pituH= with my father; dharme= in regards my duty; tathaa= and; bharatasya= Bharata's; priyam= happiness.
"By residing in the forest, a two-fold advantage is secured by me; freedom from debt to my father in regards my duty and Bharata's happiness."
vaidehi ramase kaccic citra kuuTe mayaa saha |
pashyantii vividhaan bhaavaan mano vaak kaaya samyataan || 2-94-18
18. he vaidehi= O, Seetha!; ramase kachchit= are you happy; mayaa saha= with me; chitrakuuTe= on this Chitrakuta mountain; pashyantii= seeing; vividhaan= various; bhaavaan= objects; mano vaakkaaya sammataan= agreeable to your thought, word and temperament?
"O, Seetha! Are you happy with me on this Chitrakuta mountain, seeing various objects agreeable to your thought word and temperament?"
idam eva amR^itam praahuu raajnaam raaja R^iShayaH pare |
vana vaasam bhava arthaaya pretya me prapitaamahaaH || 2-94-19
19. pare= the ancient; raajarSayaH= royal sages; me= my; prapitaamahaaH= paternal great grand-fathers; praahuH= say (that); raaj^Ni= for a king; bhavaarthaaya= to obtain liberation; pretya= after death; idam= this; vanavaasameva= residence as such in the forest; amR^itam= is nectar-like.
"My paternal great grand fathers the ancient royal sages have said that for a king to obtain liberation after death, such a residence in the forest is nectar like."
shilaaH shailasya shobhante vishaalaaH shatasho abhitaH |
bahulaa bahulair varNair niila piita sita aruNaiH || 2-94-20
20. shatashaH= hundreds; shilaaH= of rocks; bahulaah= in multitude; vishaalaaH shailasya= of this extensive mountain; shobhante= are shining; abhitaH= around; bahulaiH= in many; varNaiH= colours; mila piita sitaaruNaiH= like blue, yellow, white and red.
"Hundreds and multitude of rocks of this extensive mountain are shining around in multifarious colours like blue, yellow, white and red."
nishi bhaanty acala indrasya huta ashana shikhaa iva |
oShadhyaH svaprabhaa lakShmyaa bhraajamaanaaH sahasrashaH || 2-94-21
21. sahasrashaH= thousands of; auSadhyaH= herbs; achalendrasya= of this Chitrakuta mountain; bhraajamaanaaH= glittering svaprabhaalakSmyaa= with their lovely light; bhaanti= are sparkiling; hutaashana shikhaa iva= like points of fire.
"Thousands of herbs of this Chitrakuta mountain, glittering with their lovely light, are sparkling like points of fire."
kecit kShaya nibhaa deshaaH kecid udyaana samnibhaaH |
kecid eka shilaa bhaanti parvatasya asya bhaamini || 2-94-22
22. bhamini= O, Seeta!; kechit= Some; deshaaH= parts; asya= of this; parvatasya= mountain; kSaya nibhaaH= resemble mansions; kechit= some; udyaana sannibhaah= look like parks; kechit= and some; bhaanti= appear; ekashilaaH= like a single pile.
"O, Seetha! Some parts of this mountain resemble mansions, some look like parks and some others appear like a single pile."
bhittvaa iva vasudhaam bhaati citra kuuTaH samutthitaH |
citra kuuTasya kuuTo asau dR^ishyate sarvataH shubhaH || 2-94-23
23. chitrakuuTaH= chitrakuta; samutthitaH iva= (appears) as though emerged; bhittvaa= having split; vasudhaam= earth; asau= this; kuuTaH= summit; chitrakuuTasya= of Chitrakuta; dR^ishyate= appears; shubhaH= charming; sarvataH= on all sides.
"Chitrakuta appears as though emerged, having split the earth. This summit of Chitrakuta appears charming on all sides."
kuShTha pumnaaga tagara bhuurja patra uttarac chadaan |
kaaminaam svaastaraan pashya kusheshaya dala aayutaan || 2-94-24
24. pashya= see; kuSTha sthagara punnaaga bhuurja patrottarachchhadaan= how the leaves of lilies, sthagara trees, Punnaga trees and Bhurja trees; kusheshaya dalaayutaan= heaped with flowers of water-lilies; svaastaraan= form the cozy beds; kaaminaam= of voluptuaries.
"See the leaves of lilies, Sthagara trees, Punnaga trees and Bhurja trees heaped with flowers of water-lilies form the cozy beds of voluptuaries."
mR^iditaaH ca apaviddhaaH ca dR^ishyante kamala srajaH |
kaamibhir vanite pashya phalaani vividhaani ca || 2-94-25
25. vanite= O, Seetha!; pashya= look at; kamala srajaH= the garlands of lotus-flowers; mR^idi taashcha= Crushed; apaviddhaashcha= and thrown aside; kaamibhiH= by voluptuaries; phalaanicha= and (also) fruits; vividhaani= of every kind; dR^ishyante= being seen.
"O, Seetha! Look at the garlands of lotus-flowers crushed and thrown aside by voluptuaries as also fruits of every kind that have been tasted."
vasvauka saaraam naliniim atyeti iva uttaraan kuruun |
parvataH citra kuuTo asau bahu muula phala udakaH || 2-94-26
26. asau= this; chitra kuuTaH parvataH= mountain of Chitrakuta; bahumuula phalodakaH= with its abundance of roots fruits and water; atyetiiva= is more beautiful; vasvaukasaaraam= Kubera's capital(Alaka) then Vasvaukasara; naliniim= Nalini the capital of Indra better known as Amaravati; uttaraan kuruun= and uttara kuru the country of Eternal Beatitude.
"This mountain f Chitrakuta with its abundance of roots fruits and water is more beautiful than Vasvankasara better known as Alaka the capital of Kubera the Lord of Riches, Nalini the capital of Indra (the God of celestials) better known as Amaravati and Uttarakuru the country of Eternal Beatitude."
imam tu kaalam vanite vijahnivaamH |
tvayaa ca siite saha lakShmaNena ca |
ratim prapatsye kula dharma vardhiniim |
sataam pathi svair niyamaiH paraiH sthitaH || 2-94-27
27. vanite= O, beloed; siite= Seetha; vijahrivaan= Strolling; tvayaa saha= with you; lakSmaNenacha= and Lakshman; imam kaalam= during this period; sthitaH= established; pathi= in the path; sataam- of the pious; paraiH= in highest; niyamaiH= salutary practices; prapatsye= I shall obtain; ratim= joy; kula dharma vardhiniim= enhancing the piety of my race.
"O, Seetha! Strolling with you and Lakshmana during this period of exile, on my part established in the path of the pious, following the highest salutary practices, I shall obtain joy, enhancing the piety of my race."
ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe chaturnavatitamaH sargaH
Thus completes 94th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© 1999, K. M. K. Murthy