Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Travelling for a long time, Bharata and his army reach Chitrakuta mountain. Bharata Chitrakuta mountain. Bharata appreciates the beauty of that place and identifies it as an abode of ascetics. He instructs his soldiers to explore the woods and find out where Rama and Lakshmana are living. Valiant men penetrate into the forest and pursuing their search, they observe a plume of smoke rising at some distance and concluding the site to be the hermitage of Rama. Bharata commands his army to halt and decides to walk with Sumantra and Dhriti his spiritual preceptor to Rama's hermitage.
tay˜ mahaty˜ y˜yiny˜ dhvajiny˜ vana v˜sina× |
ardit˜ y¨thap˜ matt˜× say¨th˜× sampradudruvu× || 2-93-1
1. tayaa mahatyaa dhvajinyaa= By that large army; yaayinyaa= on the march; mattaaH= the intoxicated; yuuthapaaH= leaders of the herds of beasts; vanavaasinaH= the denizens of the woods; ardhitaaH= were frightened; sampradudruvuH= and ran away together; sayuuthaaH= with their troops.
Seeing that large army on the march, the herds of beasts with their leaders, the denizens of the woods were frightened and ran away together.
®kÿ˜× p®ÿata samgh˜× ca rurava× ca samantata× |
d®þyante vana r˜jŸÿu giriÿu api nadŸÿu ca || 2-93-2
2. R^ikSaaH= bears; pR^iSatasaN^ghaashcha= dappled deer; ruravashcha= and antelopes; dR^ishyante= could be seen; samantataH= everywhere; vana raajiiSu= on the tracks of the forest; giriSvapi= on the hills; nadiiSu= and by the rivers.
Bears, dappled deer and antelopes could be seen every where, on the tracks of the forest, on the hills and by the rivers.
sa sampratasthe dharma ˜tm˜ prŸto daþaratha ˜tmaja× |
v®to mahaty˜ n˜diny˜ senay˜ catur angay˜ || 2-93-3
3. saH= that; dharmaatmaa= pious minded; dasharathaatmajaH= Bharata; priitaH= greacefully; sampratastha= marched ahead; vR^itaH= surrounded; naadinyaa= by the clamorous; mahatyaa= large; senayaa= army; ChaturaN^gayaa= of four divisions.
That pious minded Bharata gracefully marched ahead, surrounded by that clamorous army of four divisions.
s˜gara ogha nibh˜ sen˜ bharatasya mah˜tmana× |
mahŸm samc˜day˜m ˜sa pr˜v®ÿi dy˜m iva ambuda× || 2-93-4
4. senaa= the army; mahaatmanaH= of the magnanimous; bharatasya= Bharata; saagraughanibha= which resembled the high tide of an ocean; samchhaadayaamaasa= covered; mahiim= the earth; ambudaH iva= as clouds; dyaam= the sky; praavR^iSi= in a rainy season.
The army, of the magnanimous Bharata, which resembled the high tide of an ocean, covered the earth as clouds cover the sky in a rainy season.
turamga oghair avatat˜ v˜raõai× ca mah˜ javai× |
an˜lakÿy˜ ciram k˜lam tasmin k˜le babh¨va bh¨× || 2-93-5
5. avatataa= Submerged; turaNgoghaiH= by the waves of horses; vaaraNaishcha= and elephants; mahaajavaiH= of great speed; tasminkaale= at that time; bhuuH= the earth; babhuuva= became; anaalakSyaa= invisible; Chirakaalam= for a long time.
Submerged by the waves of horses and elephants of great speed at that time, the earth became invisible for a long time.
sa y˜tv˜ d¨ram adhv˜nam supariþr˜nta v˜hana× |
uv˜ca bharata× þrŸm˜n vasiÿ÷ham mantriõ˜m varam || 2-93-6
6. yaatvaa= Having travelled; duuram= for a long adhvaanam= distance; sah= that shriimaan= glorious; bhaarataH= Bharata; suparishraanta vaahanaH= whose animals were fully exhausted; uvaacha= said; vasiSTham= to Vasishta; varam= the most segacious; mantriNaam= of his counsellors.
Having travelled for a long distance, that glorious Bharata, whose animals were now fully exhausted, said to Vasishta, the most segaceios of his counsellors (as follows)
y˜d®þam lakÿyate r¨pam yath˜ caiva þrutam may˜ |
vyaktam pr˜pt˜× sma tam deþam bharadv˜jo yam abravŸt || 2-93-7
7. yaadR^isham= Whatever; ruupam= feature; lakSyate= is observed; yathaa= and from what; shrutamchaiva= has been heard; mayaa= by me; yam= about which area; bharadvaajaH= Bharadwaja; abraviit= spoke; vyaktam= it is clear; praaptaaH sma= we reached; desham= that area.
"Looking at the features of the pace and from what has been heard by me, it is clear that we reached that area of which Bharadwaja spoke."
ayam giri× citra k¨÷a× tath˜ mand˜kinŸ nadŸ |
etat prak˜þate d¨r˜n nŸla megha nibham vanam || 2-93-8
8. ayam= this; giriH= mountain; chitrakuuTaH= is Chitrakuta; iyam nadii= this river; mandaakinii= is Mandakini; etat= this; vanam= forest; prakaashate= is appearing; niila meghanibham= like a blue cloud; duuraat= from a distance.
"This mountain is Chitrakuta. This river is Mandakini. This forest is appearing like a blue cloud from a distance."
gire× s˜n¨ni ramy˜õi citra k¨÷asya samprati |
v˜raõair avam®dyante m˜makai× parvata upamai× || 2-93-9
9. samprati= Now; maamakaiH vaaraNaiH= by my elephants; parvatopamaiH= appearing like mountains; ramyaaNi= the lovely; saanuuni= peaks; gireH= of the moutain; chitrakuuTasya= Chitrakuta; avamR^idyante= are being trampled.
"By my elephants appearing themselves like mountains, the lovely peaks of Chitrakuta mountain are being trampled."
muncanti kusum˜ny ete nag˜× parvata s˜nuÿu |
nŸl˜ iva ˜tapa ap˜ye toyam toya dhar˜ ghan˜× || 2-93-10
10. ete= these; nagaaH= trees; parvata saanuSu= on the peaks of the mountain; muN^chaanti= are showering; kusumaani= flowers; iva= like; niilaa= black; ghanaaH= and intense; toyadharaaH= clouds; toyam iva= (Pour) water; aatapaapaaye= in a rainy season.
"These trees on the peaks of the mountain are shedding flowers, as black and intense clouds shower water in a rainy season."
kinnara ˜carita uddeþam paþya þatrughna parvatam |
hayai× samant˜d ˜kŸrõam makarair iva s˜garam || 2-93-11
11. pashya= Behold; shatraghna= O, Shatraghna!; parvatam= (this) mountain; kinnaraacharitam= frequented by Kinnaras; aakiirNam= teaming with; hayaiH= horses; samantaat= on every side; saagaram iva= as a sea; (is infested); makaraiH= by allegators.
"Behold, O Shatrughna, this mountain, (hitherto) frequented by Kinnaras, now teaming with horses on every side, as a sea is infested by allegators."
ete m®ga gaõ˜ bh˜nti þŸghra veg˜× pracodit˜× |
v˜yu praviddh˜× þaradi megha r˜jya iva ambare || 2-93-12
12. ete= these; mR^igagaNaaH= herds of antelopes; shiighravegaaH= having a rapid speed; prachoditaaH= as incited(by the troops); bhaanti= appear; megharaajiriva= like a mass of clouds; vaayupraviddhaa= driven before the wind; ambare= in the sky; sharadi= in autumn.
"These herds of antelopes, having a rapid speed, as urged forward (by the troops) appear like a mass of clouds driven by the wind in the sky in antumn."
kurvanti kusuma ˜pŸý˜n þirahsu surabhŸn amŸ |
megha prak˜þai× phalakair d˜kÿiõ˜ty˜ yath˜ nar˜× || 2-93-13
13. amii= these trees; phalakaiH= with their leaves; megha prakaashaiH= in multitude dazzling; shirassu= crowned; surabhiin= with fragrant; kusuma piiDaan= Chaplets of flowers; naraaH yathaa= resemble the people; daakSinaatyaaH= of the south.
"Those tree, with their leaves in multitude dazzling, crowned with fragrant chaplets of flowers, resemble the people of the south."
niÿk¨jam iva bh¨tv˜ idam vanam ghora pradarþanam |
ayodhy˜ iva jana ˜kŸrõ˜ samprati pratibh˜ti m˜ || 2-93-14
14. idam vanam= this forest; bhuutvaa= which was niSkuujaniva= silent; ghora pradarshanam= and wore a terrifying look (till now); samprati= now; pratibhaati= appears; me= to me; ayodhyeva= like Ayodhya; janaakiirNaa= swarming with people.
"This forest, which was silent and wore a terrifying look till now, appears to me like Ayodhya, swarning with people."
khurair udŸrito reõur divam pragc˜dya tiÿ÷hati |
tam vahaty anila× þŸghram kurvann iva mama priyam || 2-93-15
15. reNuH= the dust; udiiritaH= raised; khuraiH= from the hooves of the horses; prachchhaadya tiSThati= blots out; divam= the heavens; anilah= but the winds; tam vahati= carries it away; shiighram= immediately; kurvam iva= as if to give; mama= me; priyam= pleasure.
"The dust raised from the hooves of the horses blots out the heavens, but the wind carries it away immediately as if to give me pleasure."
syandan˜m× turaga upet˜n s¨ta mukhyair adhiÿ÷hit˜n |
et˜n sampatata× þŸghram paþya þatrughna k˜nane || 2-93-16
16. pashya= Behold; shatrughna= O, Shatrughna!; etaan= these; syandanaan= chariots; turagopetaan= yoked with horses; adhiSThitaan= and mounted; suutamukhyaiH= by the chief charioteers; sampatataH= are rushing together; shiighram= rapidly; kaanane= in the forest.
"Behold, O Shatrughna, these chariots yoked with horses and mounted by the chief charioteers are rushing together rapidly in the forest."
et˜n vitr˜sit˜n paþya barhiõa× priya darþan˜n |
etam ˜viþata× þailam adhiv˜sam patatriõ˜m || 2-93-17
17. pashya= behold; etaan= these; barhiNaH= peacocks; patatriNaH= and birds; priya darshanaan= which are pleasant to the sight; vitraasitaan= are frightedned; aavishataH= and are entering; etam= these; adhivaasam= dwelling places; shiighram= hastily.
"Behold these peacocks and birds, which are pleasant to the sight, are frightened and are entering their dwelling places hastily."
atim˜tram ayam deþo manojna× pratibh˜ti m˜ |
t˜pas˜n˜m niv˜so ayam vyaktam svarga patho yath˜ || 2-93-18
18. ayam deshaH= this place; pratibhaati= is appearing; atimaatram= very much; manojN^aH= beautiful; me= to me; svarga pathoyathaa= Resembling in every way like a threshold of heaven; ayam= it; vyaktam= is clearly; niraasaH= an abode; taapasaanaam= of asceics.
"This place to me is appearing very much lovely. Resembling in every way like a threshold of heaven, it is clearly an abode of ascetics."
m®g˜ m®gŸbhi× sahit˜ bahava× p®ÿat˜ vane |
manojna r¨p˜ lakÿyante kusumair iva citrita× || 2-93-19
19. vane= In this forest; bahavaH= many; vR^iSataaH= dappled; mR^igaaH= deer; sahitaaH= with; mR^igiibhiH= their hinds; manojJNaruupaaH= endowed with enchanting forms; lakSyante= are seen; chitritaa iva= as if studded; kusumaiH= with flowers.
"In this forest, many dappled deer with their hinds, endowed with enchanting forms, are seen as if studded with flowers."
s˜dhu sainy˜× pratiÿ÷hant˜m vicinvantu ca k˜nanam |
yath˜ tau puruÿa vy˜ghrau d®þyete r˜ma lakÿmaõau || 2-93-20
20. sainyaaH= (Let) the soldiers; pratiSThantaam= proceed; saadhu= well; yathaa= as; vichinvantu cha= to explore; kaanane= the woods; dR^ishyate= to find; tau puruSa vyaaghrau= those tigers among men; raamalakSmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana.
"Let the soldiers proceed quickly to explore the woods to find those tigers among men, Rama and Lakshamana."
bharatasya vaca× þrutv˜ puruÿ˜× þastra p˜õaya× |
viviþu× tad vanam þ¨r˜ dh¨mam ca dad®þu× tata× || 2-93-21
21. shrutvaa= hearing; vachaH= the words; bharatasya= of Bharata; shuuraaH= valiant; puruSaaH= men; shastra paaNayaH= wearing weapons in their hands; vivishuH= entered; tat= that; vanam= forest; tataH= and then; dadhR^ishushcha= also saw; dhuumam= and smoke.
Hearing the words of Bharata, valiant men wearing weapons in their hands, penetrated into the forest suddenly they observed a plume of smoke rising.
te sam˜lokya dh¨ma agram ¨cur bharatam ˜gat˜× |
na amanuÿye bhavaty agnir vyaktam atra eva r˜ghavau || 2-93-22
22. samaalokya= seeing; dhuumaagram= that spiral of smoke; te= they; aagataaH= returned; bharatam= to Bharata; uuchuH= and said; na bhavati= there can be no; agniH= fire; amanuSye= in a deserted place; vyaktam= Assuredly; raaghavau= Rama and Lakshmana; atraiva= are there.
Seeing that spiral of smoke, they returned to bharata and said; "There can be no fire in a deserted place. Assuredly, Rama and Lakshmana are there."
atha na atra nara vy˜ghrau r˜ja putrau param tapau |
anye r˜ma upam˜× santi vyaktam atra tapasvina× || 2-93-23
23. atha= If it be; na= not; naravyaaghrau= those two tigers among men; raajaputrau= the two princes; paramtapau= the scourges of their foes; atra= here; vyaktam= obviously; samti= there are; anye= other; tapasvinaH= ascetics; raamopamaaH= like Rama; atra= here.
"If it be not those two tigers among men, the two princes, the scourger of their foes here, obviously there are other ascetics like Rama here."
tat þrutv˜ bharata× teÿ˜m vacanam s˜dhu sammatam |
sainy˜n uv˜ca sarv˜m× t˜n amitra bala mardana× || 2-93-24
24. shrttvaa= hearing; tat vachanam= those words; saadhu sammatam= concurred even by pious men; bharataH= Bharata; amitra bala mardanaH= the destroyer of enemy's forces; uvaacha= spoke; taan= sarvaan sainyaan= to that entire army (as follows)
Hearing those words concurred even by pious men, Bharata the destroyer of enemy's forces, spoke to the entire army (as follows)
yat t˜ bhavanta× tiÿ÷hantu na ito gantavyam agrata× |
aham eva gamiÿy˜mi sumantro gurur eva ca || 2-93-25
25. 25. tiSThantu= stay(here); bhavantaH= you; yathaaH= vigilantly; na gantavyam= do no proceed; agrataH= any further; itaH= from here; aharneva= I alone; gamiSyaami= will go; sumantraH= (along with) Sumantra; dhR^itrireva cha= and also my spiritual preceptor, Driti.
"You stay here vigilantly. Do no proceed any further. I alone will go along with Sumantra and also Dhriti, my spiritual preceptor."
evam ukt˜× tata× sarve tatra tasthu× samantata× |
bharato yatra dh¨ma agram tatra d®ÿ÷im sam˜dadhat || 2-93-26
26. uktaaH= spoken; evam= thus; sarve= all of them; tasthuH= stayed; tatra= there; tataH= then; (and); bharataH= Bharata; dR^iSTim= his gaze; samaadadhaat= fixed; tatra= there; yatra= where; dhuumaagram= there is column of smoke.
On this command, all the troops halted there and Bharat with his gaze fixed on the column of smoke, went forward.
vyavasthit˜ y˜ bharatena s˜ cam¨r |
nirŸkÿam˜õ˜ api ca dh¨mam agrata× |
babh¨va h®ÿ÷˜ nacireõa j˜natŸ |
priyasya r˜masya sam˜gamam tad˜ || 2-93-27
27. chaamuH= the army; yaa= which; vyaavasthitaa= was ordered to remain(there); bharatena= by Bharata; niriikSa maaNaapi= even though perceiving bhuumi= the place; agrataH= before them; babhuuva= felt; tadaa= then; hR^iSTaa= rejoiced; jaanatii= in the thought; samaagamam= of return; priyasya raamasya= of their beloved Rama; nachireNa= soon.
The army, which was held up there by Bharata, eventhough perceiving the place ahead, felt rejoiced in the thought of meeting their beloved Rama soon.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe trinavatitama× sarga×
Thus completes 93rd Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© June 2004, K. M. K. Murthy