Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Bharata approaches the sage Bharadwaja and seeks his permission to leave. Bharata asks Bhardwaja the exact route by which he can reach the abode of Rama. Bharadwaja gives the details of the path towards the banks of river Mandakini, situated at the north of Chitrakuta mountain, where Rama is stationed along with Seetha and Lakshmana. Hearing of the journey, Dasaratha's wives approach Bharadwaja and offer their salutations to him. Bharata introduces his mothers one by one to Bharadwaja. While introducing his mother, Kaikeyi to Bharadwaja, Bharata describes Kaikeyi as the root-cause of their family's misfortune. But, the sage Bharadwaja consoles him, saying that the exile of Rama would ultimately result in happiness the sages, celestials and even the demons. Bharata finally bids farewell to the sage and proceeds to Chitrakuta, along with his retinue.
tataH taam rajaniim uShya bharataH saparigcCadaH |
kR^ita aatithyo bharadvaajam kaamaad abhijagaama ha || 2-92-1
1. tataH= thereafter ; bharataH= Bharata; saparichchhadaH= along with his routine; kR^itaatithyaH= who were hospitably treated (by Bharadwaja); vyuSya= spent; taam rajaniim= that night(there); abhijagaama= and approached; bharadwaajam= Bharadwaja, who had offered oblations in sacred fire, spoke to Bharata the tiger among men, who had come there with joined palms, saying.
Thereafter, Bharata along with his routine, who were treated hospitably, spent that night there and sought out Bharadwaja with fondness.
tam R^iShiH puruSha vyaaghram prekShya praanjalim aagatam |
huta agni hotro bharatam bharadvaajo abhyabhaaShata || 2-92-2
2. bharadwaajaH R^iSi= the sage Bharadwaja; hutaagni hotraH= who had offered oblations in sacred fire; prekSya= after seeing; bharatam= Bharata; puruSavyaaghram= the tiger among men; aagatam= who came; praN^jalim= with joined palms; abhyabhaaSata= spoke (as follows).
The sage Bharadwaja, who had offered oblations in sacred fire, spoke to Bharata the tiger among men, who had come there with joined palms, saying.
kaccid atra sukhaa raatriH tava asmad viShaye gataa |
samagraH te janaH kaccid aatithye shamsa me anagha || 2-92-3
3. he anaghaH= O, handsome Bharata!; raatriH= (Is this) night; gataakachchit= passed; sukham= comfortably; tava= by you; asmadviSaye= in our region?; te janaH= Is your retinue; samagraH kachchit= fully satisfied; aatithye= with my hospitality? shamsa= tell; me= me.
"O, handsome Bharata! Have you passed this night at out place comfortably? Is your retinue fully satisfied with my hospitality? Tell me."
tam uvaaca anjalim kR^itvaa bharato abhipraNamya ca |
aashramaad abhiniShkrantam R^iShim uttama tejasam || 2-92-4
4. aNjalim kR^itvaa= after joining his palms; abhipraNamyacha= salutation; bharataH= Bharata; uvaacha= replied; tam R^iSim= to that sage Bharadwaja; uttma tejasam with great splendour; abhiniSkraantam= who came out; aashramaat= from his hermitage.
After joining his palms in salutation, Bharata replied to the very glorious sage Bharawaja, who came out from his hermitage (as follows):
sukha uShito asmi bhagavan samagra bala vaahanaH |
tarpitaH sarva kaamaiH ca saamaatyo balavat tvayaa || 2-92-5
5. bhagavan= O, venerable sage!; sarvakaamaiH= with all the enjoyments; balavat= in plenty; tvayaa(given by) you; sukhoSitaH asmi= I felt comfortable; tarpitaH= and satisfied; saamaatyaH= along with my ministers; samagrabala vaahanaH= my entire army and the animals used in riding.
"O, venerable sage! With all the enjoyments in plenty provided by you, I felt comfortable and satisfied, along with very ministers my entire army and our animals too used in riding.
apeta klama samtaapaaH subhakShyaaH supratishrayaaH |
api preShyaan upaadaaya sarve sma susukha uShitaaH || 2-92-6
6. sarve= all of us; upaadaaya= together with; preSyaan api= our servants too; smaH= have become; susukhoSitaaH= very much comfortable; apetaklamasamptaapaaH= with our fatigue and pains removed; subhakSaaH= having eaten a good food; supratishrayaaH= and having been provided with a good accommodation.
"All of us including our servants have become very much satisfied with our fatigue and pains removed, having eaten a good food and having been provided an excellent accommodation."
aamantraye aham bhagavan kaamam tvaam R^iShi sattama |
samiipam prasthitam bhraatur maireNa iikShasva cakShuShaa || 2-92-7
7. bhagavan= O, Blessed one!; R^iSisattama= the excellent sage! aham= I; kaamam= an very much; aamantraye= taking leave, tvaam= of you; iikSasva= see me off; maitreNa= with a friendly; chakSuSaa= eye; prasthitam= me who is settingout; samiipam= towards the vicinity of; bhraatuH= my brother.
"O, Blessed one! O, excellent sage I am taking leave of you. Look on me with favour as I find myself in my brother's vicinity."
aashramam tasya dharmajna dhaarmikasya mahaatmanaH |
aacakShva katamo maargaH kiyaan iti ca shamsa me || 2-92-8
8. dharmajN^a= O, knower of piety!; aachakSva= tell; me= me; aashramam= about the hermitage; tasya mahaatmanaH= of that high-souled; dhaarmikasya= and pious man; shamsa= tell; me= me; katamaH= as to which; maargaH= way; kiyaan= how much distance; iti cha= and so forth.
"O, knower of piety! Tell me about the abode of that high-souled and pious man, Rama. Tell me as to which way I have to go, how much distance it is from here and so forth."
iti pR^iShTaH tu bharatam bhraatR^i darshana laalasam |
pratyuvaaca mahaa tejaa bharadvaajo mahaa tapaaH || 2-92-9
9. bharadvaajaH= Bharadwaja; mahaatejaaH= the highly glorious; mahaatapaah= and having excellent austerity; iti= thus; pR^iSTaH= asked; pratyuvaacha= replied; bharatam= to Bharata; bhraatR^idarshana laalasam= who is intensely desirous to see his brother.
The highly glorious Bharadwaaja, of rigid asceticism, thus questioned by Bharata (who intensely desired to see his brother again), answered him as follows:
bharata ardha tR^itiiyeShu yojaneShu ajane vane |
citra kuuTo giriH tatra ramya nirdara kaananaH || 2-92-10
10. bharata= O, Bharata!; tatra= there; ardhatR^itiiyeSu yojaneSu= at a distance of three and half Yojanas (ie about twenty eight miles); giriH= (is a) mountain; chitra kuuTaH= called Chitrakuta; ajane= which is an un-inhabited region; vane= in the forest; ramya nirjhara kaananaH= with its beautiful cascades and groves.
"O, Bharata! About twenty eight miles from here, there is a mountain called Chitrakuta, in the middle of a lonely forest with its charming Cascades and groves."
uttaram paarshvam aasaadya tasya mandaakinii nadii |
puShpita druma samchannaa ramya puShpita kaananaa || 2-92-11
11. aasaadya= going towards; tasya= its; uttaram paarshvam= norther side; mandaakinii nadii= (you find) River Mandakini; puSpitadruma samchhannaa= which is entirely enveloped iwth flowering trees; ramya puSpita kaananaa= and having forests flourished with charming blooms.
"Going towards its northern side, you will find River Mandakini, which is entirely enveloped with flowering trees and having forests flourished with charming blossoms."
anantaram tat saritaH citra kuuTaH ca parvataH |
tato parNa kuTii taata tatra tau vasato dhruvam || 2-92-12
12. taata= O, beloved Bharata!; anantaram= Beyond; tatsaritaH= that river; parvatashcha= there is a mountain; chitra kuuTaH= callled Chitrakuta; tayoH= and (on it) their; parNakuTii= hut made of leafy twigs; tau= both of them; vasataH= are residing; tatra= there; dhruvam= It is certain.
"O, beloved Bharata! Beyond that river, there is a mountain called Chitrakuta and on it, their hut made of leafy twigs. Both of them are residing there. It is sure."
dakShiNena eva maargeNa savya dakShiNam eva ca |
gaja vaaji ratha aakiirNaam vaahiniim vaahinii pate || 2-92-13
vaahayasva mahaa bhaaga tato drakShyasi raaghavam |
13. mahaabhaaga= O, illustrious; vaahiniipate= chief of army!; vaahayasva= direct; raahiniim= the army; gajavagirathaakiirNaam= filled with elephants, horses and chariots; dakSiNaanaiva= either towards the southern; maargeNa= route; savyadakSiNamevavaa= or to the left, proceeding southward; drakSyasi= you can see; raaghavam= Rama; tataH= then.
"O, the illustrious chief of army! Direct the forces filled with elephants horses and chariots either towards the southern route or to the left proceeding southward. You can see Rama then."
prayaaNam iti ca shrutvaa raaja raajasya yoShitaH |
hitvaa yaanaani yaana arhaa braahmaNam paryavaarayan || 2-92-14
14. shrutvaa= hearing about; tat= that; prayaaNam= journey; iti= in the aforesaid manner; raajaraajasya= Dasaratha's; yoSitaH= wives; yaanaarhaaH= eligible of sitting in palanquins; hitvaa= having left; yaanaani= their palanquins; paryavaarayan= stood encircling; braahmaNam= Bharadwaja.
Hearing him speak of the journey, Dasaratha's wives eligible of sitting in palanquins, descended from their palanquins and stood encircling Bharadwaja.
vepamaanaa kR^ishaa diinaa saha devyaa sumantriyaa |
kausalyaa tatra jagraaha karaabhyaam caraNau muneH || 2-92-15
15. tatra= among them; vepamaanaa= the trembling; kausalya= Kaulasya; kR^ishaa= the emaciated; diinaa= and the miserable women; sumitrayaadevyaasaha= along with the Queen Sumitra; jagraaha= clasped; charaNau= the feet; muneH= of the sage Bharadawaja; karaabhyaam= with their hands.
Kausalya, among the trembling, emaciated and the miserable women along with the Queen Sumitra clasped the feet of the sage Bharadwaja with their hands.
asamR^iddhena kaamena sarva lokasya garhitaa |
kaikeyii tasya jagraaha caraNau savyapatrapaa || 2-92-16
16. kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; asmaR^iddhena= with her unfulfilled; kaamena= desire; garhitaa= and despised; sarva lokasya= by the whole world; jagraaha= clasped; tasya= his; charaNau= feet; savya patrapaa= with bashfulness.
Kaikeyi with her unfulfilled desire and despised by the whole world, clasped the sage's feet with bashfullness.
tam pradakShiNam aagamya bhagavantam mahaa munim |
aduuraad bharatasya eva tasthau diina manaaH tadaa || 2-92-17
17. tadaa= then; pradakSiNam aagamya bhagavantam tam mahaamunim= having gone round that venerable and eminent sage clock-wise; tasthau= she stood; aduuraadeva= close; bharatasya= to Bharata himself; diina manaaH= distressed at heart.
Then, having gone around that venerable and eminent sage clock-wise, she stood close to Bharata himself, distressed as she was at heart.
tataH papragcCa bharatam bharadvaajo dR^iDha vrataH |
visheSham jnaatum igcCaami maatR^iR^iNaam tava raaghava || 2-92-18
18. tataH= then; bharadvaajaH= Bharadwaja; dR^iDha vrataH= firm in austerity; paprachha= enquired; bharatam= Bharata (as follows); raaghava= O, Bharata!; ichchhaami= I wish; jJNaatum= to know; visheSam= the distinctions; tava= of your; maatR^iNaam= mothers.
Then, Bharadwaja, firm in austerity, enquired Bharata as follows: "O, Bharata! I wish to know the distinctions of your mothers."
evam uktaH tu bharato bharadvaajena dhaarmikaH |
uvaaca praanjalir bhuutvaa vaakyam vacana kovidaH || 2-92-19
19. uktaH= spoken; evam= thus; bharadvaajena= by Bharadwaja; dhiimataa= the learned man; bharataH= Bharata; vachana kovidaH= skilled in expression; bhuutvaa praaN^jaliH= with joined palms; uvaacha= spoke; raakyam= (the following) words.
Hearing the words of the learned sage, Bharadwaja, Bharata who was skilled in expression, with joined palms, spoke the following words.
yaam imaam bhagavan diinaam shokaan ashana karshitaam |
pitur hi mahiShiim deviim devataam iva pashyasi || 2-92-20
eShaa tam puruSha vyaaghram simha vikraanta gaaminam |
kausalyaa suShuve raamam dhaataaram aditir yathaa || 2-92-21
20, 21. bhagavan= O, venrable sage!; imaam= this; diinaam= miserable deviim= queen; shokaanashanakarshitaam= emaciated by grief and fasting; mahiSiim= is the royal consort; pituH= of my father; yaam= whom; pashyasi= you see; devataamiva= resembling a goddess; eSaa= it is she; kausalyaa= Kausalya; aditiH yathaa= (who) as Aditi, dhataaram= gave birth to Upendra (Lord Vamoma, so-called because he is a younger brother to Indra); suSuve= begot; puruSa vyaaghram= that Tiger among heroes; simha vikraantagaaminam= with the gait and pride of a lion; tam raamam= that Rama.
"O, venerable sage! This miserable queen emaciated by grief and fasting, is the royal consort of my father, who you see resembling a goddess - it is she, Kausalya who, as Aditi gave birth to Upendra, begot that Tiger among the heroes, with the great gait and pride of a lion that Rama."
asyaa vaama bhujam shliShTaa yaa eShaa tiShThati durmanaaH |
karNikaarasya shaakhaa iva shiirNa puShpaa vana antare || 2-92-22
etasyaaH tau sutau devyaaH kumaarau deva varNinau |
ubhau lakShmaNa shatrughnau viirau satya paraakramau || 2-92-23
22-23. eSaa= she; yaa= who; tiSThati= stands; shliSTaa= clinging to; vaama bhujam= the left shoulder; asyaaH= of Kuasalya; durmanaaH= plunged in grief; (is Sumitra); shakheva= looking like a branch; karNikaarasya= of Karnikara tree; shiirNa puSpaa= with withered flowers; vanaanantare= standing in the interior of the gorve; ubhau= Both; lakSmaNa shatrughnau= Lakshmana and Shatrughna; viirau= the heroic; kumaarau= princes; deva varNinau= of god-like appearance; satya paraakramau= and unfailing prowess; sutau= are the sons; etasyaaH= of this; devyaaH= godly woman.
She, who stands clinging to the left shoulder of Kausalya, plunged in grief is the unfortunate Sumitra, looking like a branch of Karnikara tree with withered flowers standing in the interior of the grove. Both Lakshmana and Shatrughna, the two heroic princes of god-like appearance and unfailing prowess are the sons of this godly woman, Sumitra.
yasyaaH kR^ite nara yaaghrau jiiva naasham ito gatau |
raajaa putra vihiinaH ca svargam dasharatho gataH || 2-92-24
krodhanaamakR^itaprajJNaaM dR^iptaaM subhagamaaniniim |
aishvarya kaamaam kaikeyiim anaaryaam aarya ruupiNiim || 2-92-25
mama etaam maataram viddhi nR^ishamsaam paapa nishcayaam |
yato muulam hi pashyaami vyasanam mahad aatmanaH || 2-92-26
24, 25, 26. yasyaaH kR^ite= she, through whose fault; naravyaaghrau= those two tigers among men; gatau= have to obtain; jiivanaasham= a miserable existence; itaH= from here; raajaa dasharathaH= and king Dasaratha; putra vihiinashcha= deprived of his son; gataH= has gone; svaragam= to heaven; etaam= (this woman); krdhanaam= who is irate; akR^itaprajJNaam= imprudent; dR^iptam= arrogant; subhaga maaniniim= who esteems herself to be good-looking; aishvarya kaamaam= who is covetous of power; anaaryaam= unworthy; aarya ruupiNiim= though
"She, through whose fault, those two tigers among men have to obtain a miserable existence and King Dasaratha deprived of his son, has gone to heaven this woman, who is irate, imprudent, arrogant, who esteems herself to be good-looking, who is covetous of power, unworthy though noble to all appearance, know her to be Kaikeyi, my mother of wicked and sinful resolve, in whom I see the root cause of my great misfortune."
ity uktvaa nara shaarduulo baaShpa gadgadayaa giraa |
sa nishashvaasa taamra akSho kruddho naaga iva asakR^it || 2-92-27
27. saH= Bharata; narashaarduulaH= the tiger among men; taamraakSaH= with his red eyes, uktvaa= having spoken; iti= thus; giraa= in a voice; baaSpa gadgadayaa= stammered with tears; nishashvaasa= breathed; kR^iddhaH iva= like an enraged; shvasan= and hissing; naagaH= snake.
Bharata, the tiger among men, with his red eyes spoke thus in a voice broken by sobs and breathing as he like an enraged and hissing snake.
bharadvaajo maharShiH tam bruvantam bharatam tadaa |
pratyuvaaca mahaa buddhir idam vacanam arthavat || 2-92-28
28. bruvantam= spoken; tathaa= thus; tam bharatam= by that Bharata; maharSiH= the sage; bharadwaajaH= Bharadwaja; mahaabuddhiH= of great intellect; pratyuvaacha= replied; idam= in these; arthavat= meaningful; vachanam= words.
Hearing the aforesaid words spoken by Bharata, Bharadwaja the great intellectual sage replied in the following meaningful words.
na doSheNa avagantavyaa kaikeyii bharata tvayaa |
raama pravraajanam hy etat sukha udarkam bhaviShyati || 2-92-29
29. bharata= O, Bharata!; kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; na avagantavyaa= is not intended to be understood; tvayaa= by you; doSeNa= by her lapse; etat= this; raama pravraajanam= exile of Rama; bhaviSyati hi= will indeed become; sukhodarkam= a cause for happiness.
"O, Bharata! Kaikeyi is not intended to be understood by you accusatively. The exile of Rama with indeed become ultimately a cause for happiness!"
devaanaam daanavaanaam cha R^iSiiNaam bhaavitaatmanaam |
hitameva bhaviSyaddhi raamapravraajanaadiha || 2-92-30
30. iha= now; raama pravrajanaat= due to Rama's exile; bhaviSyaddhi= there will indeed be; hitameva= a benefit only; devaanaam= to the celestials; daanavaamcha= demons; R^iSiNaam cha= and the sages; bhaavitaatmanaam= whose souls are purified by meditating on the Universal spirit.
"Now, due to Rama's exile, there will indeed be a benefit to the celestials the demons and the sages whose souls are purified by meditating on the Universal Spirit."
abhivaadya tu samsiddhaH kR^itvaa ca enam pradakShiNam |
aamantrya bharataH sainyam yujyataam ity acodayat || 2-92-31
31. bharataH= Bharata; samsiddhaH= satisfied; abhivaadya= paid obeisance to him; pradakSiNam cha kR^itvaa= and circumbulated him; aamantrya= bidding farewell; achodayat= and directed; sainyam= the army; iti= thus; yujyataam= "Let us carry on."
Bharata satisfied, paid obeisance to him and circumambulated him in bidding a farewell, directing the army to get prepared to leave.
tato vaaji rathaan yuktvaa divyaan hema pariShkritaan |
adhyaarohat prayaaNa arthii bahuun bahu vidho janaH || 2-92-32
32. tataH then; prayaaNaarthiii= setting out for their destination; bahuvidhaH= many kinds; janaH= of people; adhyaarohat= ascended; bahuun= many; divyaan= excellent; rathan= chariots;hema pariSkR^itaan= decorated with gold; vaaji yuktaan= harnessed to horses.
Then, setting out for their destination, countless people ascended many excellent chariots, decorated with gold, duly harnessed to horses.
gaja kanyaa gajaaH caiva hema kakShyaaH pataakinaH |
jiimuutaa iva gharma ante saghoShaaH sampratasthire || 2-92-33
33. gaja kanyaa= female elephants; gajaashchaiva= and male elephants; hemakakSyaaH= pataakinaH= wearing golden chains and flags; saghoSaaH= distinguished by the sound of bells; jiimuutaaH iva= like (thundering) clouds; gharmaante= at the end of a summer; sampratasthira= marched in form.
Female and male elephants, wearing golden chains and flags, distinguished by the sound of bells, like thundering clouds at the end of a summer marched in a form.
vividhaany api yaanaani mahaani ca laghuuni ca |
prayayuH sumahaa arhaaNi paadair eva padaatayaH || 2-92-34
34. vividhaani= various; sumahaarhaaNi= precious; yaanaani= conveyances; mahaanti cha= (both) big; laghuunicha= and small; prayayuH= marched forward; padaatayaH= Pedestrians; paadaaraiva= went by foot.
Various precious conveyances, both big and small, marched forward. Pedestrians marched forward by foot.
atha yaana pravekaiH tu kausalyaa pramukhaaH striyaH |
raama darshana kaankShiNyaH prayayur muditaaH tadaa || 2-92-35
35. raama darshana kaankSiNyaH= desirous of seeing Rama; muditaaH= and delighted; kausalyaapramukhaaH striyaH= Kausalya and other honourable women; atha= thereafter; prayayuH= advanced; yaana pravekaiH= on excellent conveyances; tadaa= then.
Desirous of seeing Rama and delighted, Kausalya and other honourable women thereafter advanced on their excellent conveyances.
caMdrka taruNa aabhaasaam niyuktaam shibikaam shubhaam |
aasthaaya prayayau shriimaan bharataH saparigcCadaH || 2-92-36
36. shriimaan= the illustrious; bharataH= Bharata; aasthaaya= mounted; shubhaam= an auspicious; shibikaam= palanquin; chandraarka taruNaa bhaasaam= with a shine resembling that of rising moon and sun; niryuktaam= which was kept ready; praayayau= and proceeded saparichchhadaH= along with his escort.
The illustrious Bharata mounted a readily kept palanquin which was auspiciously shining like rising moon and sun and proceeded along with his escort.
saa prayaataa mahaa senaa gaja vaaji ratha aakulaa |
dakShiNaam disham aavR^itya mahaa megha iva utthitaH || 2-92-37
vanaani tu vyatikramya juShTaani mR^iga pakShibhiH |
gaN^gaayaaH paravelaayaaM giriSvapi nadiiSu cha 2-92-38
37, 38. saa mahaa senaa= that vast army; gaja vaajirathaakulaa= with its countless elephants horses and chariots; prayaataa= proceeded; aavRTitya= covering; dakSiNaam disham= the southern direction; mahaa megha iva= like a great cloud; utthitaH= that has risen (in the sky); paravelaayaam= on the other bank; gaN^gaayaaH= of the Ganges; giriSvapi= by mountains; nadiiSu cha= and streams; vyatikramya= crossing, vanaani= the woods; juSTaani= inhabited; mR^igapakSibhiH= by deer and birds.
That vast army with its countless elephants horses and chariots proceeded, covering the southern direction, like a great cloud that has risen in the sky and on the other bank of the Ganges, by mountains and streams, crossing the woods inhabited by deer and birds.
saa samprahR^iShTa dvipa vaaji yodhaa |
vitraasayantii mR^iga pakShi samghaan |
mahad vanam tat pravigaahamaanaa |
raraaja senaa bharatasya tatra || 2-92-39
39. saa senaa= that army; bharatasya= of Bharata; samprahR^iSTadvipa raajiyothaa= with its squadrous of rejoicing elephants horses and warrior; pratigaaha maanaa= penetrating; tat= into that; mahat= vast; vanam= forest; vitraasayantii= frightening; mR^iga pakSi saN^ghaan= innumerable beats and birds; raraaja= appeared resplendent; tatra= there.
That army of Bharata, with its squadrons of rejoicing elephants horses and warriors, penetrating into the vast forest, frightening innumerable beasts and birds, appeared resplendent there.
ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe dvinanavatitamaH sargaH
Thus completes 92nd Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© 1995, K. M. K. Murthy