Chapter [Sarga] 91

Introduction

Having been instructed by Bharadwaja to bring the army to his place, Bharata allowed his army also to come to the hermitage. Then, Bharadwaja invokes Visvakarma, the divine architect and requests him to arrange for a befitting hopsitality to Bharata,


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kt buim! invasay twEv s muin> tda,
-rtm! kEkyI pum! AaitWyen Nymyt!. 2911

1. kR^ita buddhim= (Seeing that he) had resolved; nivaasaaya= to halt; tatraiva= at that place; saH= that; muniH= sage; tadaa= then; nyamantrayat= prepared to offer; bharatam= Bharata; kaikeyiiputram= the son of Kaikeyi; aatithyena= the full honours due to a guest.

Seeing he had resolved to halt at that place for the night, the sage Bharadwaja prepared to offer Bharata the son of Kaikeyi the full honours due to a guest

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AvId -rt> tu @nm! nnu #dm! -vta ktm!,
pa*m! AyRm! twa AaitWym! vne yd ^pp*te. 2912

2. bharatastu= Bharata on his part; abraviit= said; enam= to Bharadwaja; paadyam= water to wash my feet; arghyam= and hands; kR^itam name= have indeed been presented; bhavataa= by you; tathaa= and; idam aatithyam= this hositality fitting for a guest; yat= which; upapadyate= is available; vane= in a forest (was made available to me).

Then, Bharata said to Bharadwaja as follows: "Have you not presented me with water to wash my hands and feet and offered me this hospitality fitting for a guest in this forest?"

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Aw %vac -rajae -rtm! hs! #v,
jane Tvam! Iit sMyum! tu:ye> Tvm! yen kenict!. 2913

3. atha= thereafter; bharadwaajaH= Bharadwaja; prahasanniva= smilingly; uvaacha= spoke; bharatam= to Bharata (as follows); jaane= I know; tvaam= you; priitisamyuktam= are of a friendly disposition; tvam= you; tuSyeH= are please; yena kena chit= with whatever is offered to you.

Then, Bharadwaja smilingly replied to Bharata as follows: "I know you possess a friendly disposition and you are pleased with whatever is offered to you."

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senaya> tu tv @tSya> ktuRm! #GCAim -aejnm!,
mm iitr ywa pa Tvm! AhaeR mnuj \;-. 2914

4. manujarSabha= O the excellent among men!ichchhami= I wish; kartum= to offer; bhojanam= food; tava= to your; etasyaaH= this; senaayaaH= army; arhaH= you ought to ; (fulfil); mama= my; priitiH= satisfaction; yathaaruupaatathaa= in every suitable way.

"O, Bharata the excellent among men! I wish to offer food to your army. You ought to fulfil my satisfaction in every suitable way."

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ikm! AwRm! c Aip ini]Py re blm! #h Aagt>,
kSman! n #h %pyatae Ais sbl> pu; \;-. 2915

5. puruSarSabha= O, warrior!; kimartham= why; aagataH= did you come; iha= here; nikSipya= keeping; balam= your army; duure= at a distance?; kasmaat= why; na upayaataH asi= did you not come; sabalaH= with your army; iha= here?

"O, warrior! Why did you come here, leaving your army at a distance? Why did you not come to my place with your army?"

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-rt> Tyuvac #dm! aNjil> tm! tpae xnm!,
ssENyae n %pyatae AiSm -gvn! -gvd -yat!. 2916

6. bharataH= Bharata; praaNjaliH= with joined palms; pratyuvaacha= replied; tam= to that Bharadwaja; tapodhanam= enriched with austerity; idam= these words; bhagavan= O, venerable one!; nopato.asmi= I have not come; sasainyaH= with the army; bhagavadbhayaat= for fear (of displeasing) you.

Bharata, with joined palms, replied to Bharadwaja who was rich with austerity in the following words: "O, venerable one! I have not come here with my army for the fear of displeasing you."

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ra}a c -gviTy< rajpue[ va sda,
yt> pirhtRVya iv;ye;u tpiSvn>. 2917

7. bhagavan= O, venerable one!; raajJNaacha= either by the king; raaja putreNa= or by the prince; tapasvinaH= ascetics; parihartavyaH= are to be kept away at a distance; yatnataH= deliberately; sadaa= ever; viSayeSu= in their own lands.

"O, Venerable One! Either the king or the prince should always keep away from the places occupied by ascetics"

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vaij muOya mnu:ya> c ma> c vr var[a>,
GCA* mhtIm! -Uimm! -gv! AnuyaiNt mam!. 2918

8. bhagavan= O, Holy one!; vaaji mukhyaaH= spirited horses; manuSyaashcha= men; vara vaaraNaashcha= rare elephants; mattaaH= in rut; prachchhaadya= covering; mahatiim= an immense; bhuumim= area; anuyaanti= are accompanying; maam= me

"O, Holy one! Spirited horses, men and rare elephants in rut covering an immense area are accompanying me."

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te v&]an! %dkm! -Uimm! Aame;u %qjaM> twa,
n ihMSyur #it ten Ahm! @k @v Aagt> tt>. 2919

9. na himsyuH= let them not damage; vR^ikSaan= the trees; uTajaan= huts; bhuumim= and ground; tathaa= and; (defile); udakam= the waters; aashrameSu= of hermitages; iti te= in this thought; aham= I; samaagataH= came; eka eva= alone.

"Let them not damage the trees, huts and ground and defile the waters of hermitages' - in this thought, I came alone."

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AanIytam! #t> sena #Ty! AaJn> prm \i;[a,
twa tu ce -rt> senaya> smupagmm!. 29110

10. tatastu= thereafter; bharataH= Bharata; aajNaptaH= having been commanded; paramarSiNaa= by that great sage; iti= thus; senaa aniiyaatam= 'Let the army be brought; itaH= here'; chakre= allowed; senayaaH= the army's samupaagamam= arrival.

Thereafter Bharata, having been commanded by that great sage to bring the army there, allowed the army's arrival to the hermitage.

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Ai zalam! ivZy Aw pITva Ap> pirm&Jy c,
AaitWySy iya hetaer iv kmaR[m! Aayt!. 29111

11. atha= thereafter; pravishya= entering; agnishaalaam= the fire-sanctuary (the place where the sacrificial fire is kept); piitvaa= sipping; aapaH= water; parimR^ijyacha= and wiping the lips; kriyaahatoH= and in order to fulfil his duties; aatithyasya= towards the guests; aahvayat= (he) invoked; vishva karmaaNam= visva Karma (the architect of gods)

Meanwhile, entering the fire-sanctuary (the place where the sacrificial fire is kept), sipping water and wiping the lips, Bharadwaja invoked Visvakarma (the architect of gods) in order to fulfil his duties towards the guests (as follows)

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Aaye iv kmaR[m! Ahm! Tvarm! @v c,
AaitWym! ktuRm! #GCAim t me siMvxIytam!. 29112

12. aham= I; ichchhaami= wish; kartum= to offer; aatithyam= hospitality to the guests; aahvaye= I summon; vishvakarmaaNam= vishvakarma; tvaSTaaram eva cha= who is also the divine carpenter; samvidhiiyataam= let arrangements be made; tatra= in that connection; me= for me.

"I wish to offer hospitality to the guest I summon vishvakarma who is also the divine carpenter. Let arrangements be made in that connection for me."

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Aye laekpala< In! devan! zmuoa<Stwa,
AaitWy< ktuRimaim t me s<ivxIytam!. 29113

13. tathaa= and; aahvaye= I invoke; triin devaan= the three gods; lokapaalaan= the guardians of the worlds; shakramukhaan= with Indra as their king; ichchhaami= I wish; kartum= to offer; aatithyam= hospitality to the guests; samvidhiiyataam= let arrangements be made; tatra= in this connection ; me= for me.

"I further invoke the three gods (Yama, Varuna and Kubera) the guardians of the worlds with Indra as their king. I wish to offer hospitality to the guests. Let arrangements be made in this connection for me."

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ak aets> c ya n*> Tyk aets @v c,
p&iwVyam! ANtir]e c smayaNtu A* svRz>. 29114

14. yaaH nadyaH= Let the rivers; praak srotasashcha= which flow towards the east; pratyak srotasa evacha= and those which flow towards the west; pR^ithivyaam= across the earth; antarikSecha= and in the aerial region; adya= now; saha aayaastu= come together here; sarvashaH= from all quarters

"Let the rivers which flow towards the east and those which flow towards the west, across the earth and in the aerial region now come together here from all quarters."

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ANya> vNtu mEreym! suram! ANya> suinitam!,
Apra> c %dkm! zItm! #]u ka{f rs %pmm!. 29115

15. anyaaH= (Let) some rivers; sravantu= flow with; maireyam= Maireya ( a kind of wine made from date palms etc); anyaaH= and some others (flow with) suniSThitaam= highly; aparaashcha= and some others; sravantu= flow with; shiitam= cool; udakam= water; ikSukaaNDarasopamam= with a taste of sugar cane.

"Let some rivers flow with Maireya ( a kind of wine made from date palms etc) some others flow with highly refined spirituous liquor and some others flow with cool water with a taste of sugarcane."

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Aaye dev gNxvaRn! iva vsu hha n!,
twEv APsrsae devIr gNxvIR> c Aip svRz>. 29116

16. aahvaye= I invoke; devagandharvaan= the celestials, celstial musicians; vishvaavasu haahaa huhuun= Vishvavasu Haha and Huhu; tathaiva= and apsarasaH= the nymphs; deviiH= belonging to celestial race; gandharviishchaapi= and also belonging to celestial musicians race sarvashaH= from all regions.

"I invoke the celestials and celestial musicians Vishvavasu, Haha and Huhu as also Apsaras (nymphs) belonging to the celestial and celestial musicians' race from all regions.

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"&tacIm! Aw ivacIm! im kezIm! AlMbusam!,
nagdNta< c hema< c ihmamiktSwlam!. 29117

17. atha= And; (I invoke); ghR^itaachiim= the celstial nymphs called Ghritachi; vishvaachiim= Vishvachi; mishra kesiim= Mishra Kesi; alambusaam= Alambusa; naagadantaamcha= Nagadanta; hemaamcha= and Hema; himaam= and Hima; adrikR^ita sthadaam= who has an abode made in mountains.

"I invoke the celestial nymphs called ghritachi, Vishvachi, Mishra Kesi, Alambusa, Nagadanta and Hema as also Hima who has an abode made in mountains."

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zm! ya> c %pitiNt a[m! ya> c -aimnI>,
svaR> tuMbu[a saxRm! Aaye spirGCAda>. 29118

18. aahvaye= I invoke; yoSitaH= the fair women; yaashcha= who; upatiSThanti= are attending on; shakram= Indra the Lord of celestials; yaashcha= and those who are (are attending on); brahmaaNam= Brahma the Lord of creation; sarvaaH= all of them; saparichchhadaaH= with their external appendages (like musical instruments); tumburuNaasaartham= along with (their teacher) Tumburu.

"I invoke the fair women who are attending on Brahma the Lord of creation - all of them with their external appendages (like musical instruments) along with (their teacher) Tumburu."

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vnm! k;u yd idVym! vasae -U;[ pvt!,
idVy narI )lm! zt! tt! kaEberm! #h @v tu. 29119

19. tat= (Let) that; divyam vanam= beautiful garden; kuruSu= in the region of northern Kuru; kauberam= presided over by Kubera; shashvat= always; vaasobhuuSaNa patravat= with its leaves which; sarve= as raiment and ornaments; divya naariiphalam= with its fruits in the form of heavenly damsels; etu= appear; iha= in this place.

"Let that beautiful garden in the region of northern Kuru, presided over by Kubera (the god of riches) always with its leaves which serve as raiment and ornaments, with its fruits in the form of heavenly damsels appear in this place."

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#h me -gvan! saemae ivxam! Am! %mm!,
-ym! -aeJym! c cae:ym! c lem! c ivivxm! b. 29120

20. (May); bhagavaan= the blessed; somaH= moon god( the deity presiding over annual plants); vidhattaam= furnish; me= me; iha= at this place; uttamam= excellent; annam= food; bahu= f many; vividham= Varieties; bhakSyam= confections; bhojayam= sweets; choSyam= sances; lchyamcha= and syrups

"Many the blessed moon-god (the duty presiding over annual plants) furnish me at this place, excellent food of every variety, confections, sweets, sauces and syrups."

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ivicai[ c maLyain padp Cyutain c,
sura AadIin c peyain maMsain ivivxain c. 29121

21. (May the blessed moon-god furnish me); vichitraaNi= many-coloured; maalyaanicha= flowers; paadapa prachyutaani= which have just fallen from trees; peyaani= drinks; suraadiini= like wine and others; vividhaani= and various kinds; maamsaani cha= of meat.

"May the blessed moon-god furnish me many-coloured flowers which have just fallen from the flower-plants or trees, the drinks like wine and others as also various kinds of meat."

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@vm! smaixna yu> tejsa Aitmen c,
iz]a Svr smayum! tpsa c AvIn! muin>. 29122

22. muniH= that sage Bharadwaja; samaadhinaa= with his intense meditation; apratimena= having unequal; tejasaacha= splendour; yuktaH= and with; tapasaacha= austerity; abraviit= uttered; evam= thus; shiikSa svara samaayuktam= in tones according to the science which deals with proper articulation and pronunciation of Vedic texts.

That sage Bharadwaja, with his intense meditation, possessing unequal splendour and with austerity, spoke as follows, in tones befitting proper articulation and pronunciation of the scriptural texts:

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mnsa Xyayt> tSy an! muoSy kt ANjle>,
AajGmu> tain svaRi[ dEvtain p&wk p&wk. 29123

23. tasya= (While) that sage Bharadwaja; kR^itaaN^jale= with joined palms; dhyaataH= was meditating; manasaa= with intelligence; praaNmukhasya= turning his face towards the east; sarvaaNi= all; taani daivataani= those celestials; aajagmuH= arrived; pR^ithak pR^ithak= one by one.

While that sage Bharadwaja, with joined palms, was meditating with absorption in the east, all those celestials came one by one.

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mlym! Rrm! cEv tt> Sved nudae Ainl>,
%pSp&Zy vvaE yuya suiy AaTma suo> izv>. 29124

24. tataH= then; anilaH= a breeze; upaspR^ishya= passing over; malayam= the mountain of Malaya; darduramchaiva= and Dardura; vavau= bean to blow; svedanudaH= removing sweat; yuktvaa= by its influence; supriyaatmaa= which was pleasant in nature; sukhaH= comfortable; shivaH= and gracious

Then, a pleasant comfortable and gracious breeze, passing over the mountains of Malaya and Dardura, began to blw, removing sweat by its influence.

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ttae A_yvtRNt "na idVya> ksum v&y>,
dev Ni- "ae;> c id]u svaRsu zuuve. 29125

25. tataH= thereafter; divyaaH= wonderful; ghanaaH= clouds; abhyavarSantaH= let loose; kusuma vR^iSTayaH= a rain of flowers; divya dundubhi ghoSashcha= while the sound of divine gongs; shushrave= could be heard; sarvaasu= in every; dikSu= quarter

Thereafter wonderful clouds let loose a rain of flowers, while the sound of divine gongs could be heard on every side.

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vvu> c %ma vata nn&tu> c APsrae g[a>,
jgur dev gNxvaR vI[a mumucu> Svran!. 29126

26. uttamaaH= (to the) Melodious; prasavuH= rustling; vaataashcha= of the wind; apsarogaNaaH= troops of Apsaras( divine nymphs); nanR^itushcha= danced; devagandharaaH= the celestials and celestial musicians; jagushcha= sang; viiNaaH= vina's stringed musical instruments; pramumuchuH= sent forth; svaraan= their tones.

Troops of Apsaras (divine nymphs) danced to the melodious rustling of the wind. The clestials and the celestial musicians sang. Vinas, stringed musical instruments transmitted their tunes.

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s zBdae *am! c -Uimm! c ai[nam! v[ain c,
ivvez %airt> [> smae ly gu[ AiNvt>. 29127

27. SakSNaH= sweet; layasamanvitaH= and harmonious; saH shabdaH= sounds; uchcharitaH= emitted; samaH= smoothly; vivesha= entered; dyaamcha= the sky; bhuumimcha= earth; shravaNaanicha= and the ears; praaNinaam= of beings.

Sweat and harmonious sounds emitted smoothly, entered the sky earth and the ears of beings.

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tiSm! %prte zBde idVye ae suoe n&[am!,
ddzR -artm! sENym! ivxanm! iv kmR[>. 29128

28. tasmin (when) those; divye shabde= celestial melodies; uparate= ceased; shrotrasukhe= so pleasingly heard; nR^iNaam= by human beings; bhaaratam= Bharata's; sainyam= army; dadarsha= saw; vidhaanam= the wonderful creations; vishvakarmaNaH= of Visvakarma.

When those celestial melodies ceased so pleasingly heard by the human ears, Bharata's army saw the wonderful creations of Visvakarma.

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b-Uv ih sma -Uim> smNtat! pNc yaejnm!,
zalEr bi-> ca nIl vEyR si-E>. 29129

29. samaa= A levelled; bhuumiH= land; paN^ca yojanaa= of approximately twenty miles; samantaat= around; babhuuva hi= became; chhanna= covered; bahubhiH shaadvalaiH= by many carpets of grass; niila vaiDhuurya sannibhaiH= dark as emerald.

A levelled land of approximately twenty miles on all sides, became covered by many carpets of grass, dark as emerald.

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tiSmn! ibLva> kipTwa> c pnsa bIj pUrka>,
AamlKyae b-Uvu> c cUta> c )l -U;[a>. 29130

30. tasmin= At that place; bilvaaH= Bilva; kapitthashcha= Kapitha; panasaaH= Panasa; biija puurakaH= Citron; amalakyaH= amalaki; chuutaashcha= and mango trees; phala bhuuSaNaaH= laden with fruit; babhuuvUH= were there.

At that place, Bilva, Kapittha, Panasa, Citron Amalaki and Mango Trees laden with fruit appeared.

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%re_y> k_y> c vnm! idVy %p-aegvt!,
Aajgam ndI idVya tIrjEr bi-r v&ta. 29131

31. vanam= A forest; divyopabhogaat= of divine enjoyments; uttarebhyaH kurubhyaH= from the tearitory of northern Kuru's; divyaa= and a divine; nadii= river; kR^itaa= shaped; bahubhiH= with various; tiirajaiH= trees on its bank; aajagaama= appeared (there)

A forest of divine enjoyments from the territory of northern Kuru's along with a river shaped with various trees on its bank appeared there.

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ctu> zalain zuai[ zala> c gj vaijnam!,
hMyR asad sM"ata> taer[ain zu-ain c. 29132

32. shubhraaNi= Splendid; chatushshaalaani= square mansions; shaalaashcha= with stables; gaja vaajinaam= for elephants and horses; (as well as); shubhaani= resplendent; harmya praasaada samyukta toraNaani= gates with watch-towers flanked by turrets (could be seen).

Splendid square mansions with stables for elephants and horses as well as resplendent gates with watch-towers flanked by turrets were seen.

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ist me" in-m! c Aip raj veZm sutaer[m!,
zu maLy kt Aakarm! idVy gNx smui]tm!. 29133
ctur Am! AsMbaxm! zyn Aasn yanvt!,
idVyE> svR rsEr yum! idVy -aejn vvt!. 29134
%pkiLpt svR Am! xaEt inmRl -ajnm!,
svR Aasnm! Imt! SvaStI[R zyn %mm!. 29135

33, 34, 35. raaja veshma chaapi= even a royal palace; (emerged); sita megha nibham= dazzling as a cloud; sutoraNam= pierced by splendid arches; shukla maalya kR^itaakaaram= hung with white garlands; divya gandha samukSitam= filled with fragrance of celestial perfumes; chaturashram= forming a perfect quadrangle; asambaadham= spacious; shayanaasana yaanavat= and furnished with couches, seats and palanquins; divyaiH= (supplied with) ambrosial; sarva rasaiH= drinks of every kind; divya bhojana vastravat= magnificent attire and food of every variety; upakalpita sarvaannam= well-prepared eatables of every description; dhauta nirmala bhaajanam= in cleaned vessels free from dirt; klupta sarvaasanam= all kinds of seats arranged in order; svaastiirNa shayanottamam= with superb couches duly covered with rich carpets; shriimat= looked charming.

A royal palace emerged, dazzling as a cloud, pierced by splendid arches, hung with white garlands, filled with fragrance of celestial perfumes, forming a perfect quadrangle, spacious, furnished with couches seats and palanquins, supplied with ambrosial drinks of every kind as well as magnificent attire and food of every variety, well-prepared eatables of every description in cleaned vessels free from dirt and all kinds of seats arranged in order looked charming with superb couches duly covered with rich carpets.

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ivvez mha bar AnuJnatae mhi;R[a,
veZm td r sMpU[Rm! -rt> kEkyI sut>. 29136

36. mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; bharataH= Bharata; kaikeyiisutaH= the son of Kaikeyi; anN^aataH= on the invitation; maharSiNaa= of the great sage; pravivesha= entered; tat veshma= that palace; ratna sampuurNam= filled with precious gems.

The mighty armed Bharata the son of Kaikeyi on invitation by the great sage, entered that palace filled with precious gems.

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AnujGmu> c tm! sveR mi[> spuraeihta>,
b-Uvu> c muda yua tm! va veZm siMvixm!. 29137

37. sarve= all; mantriNaH= the ministers; sapurohitaaH= together with priests; anujagmushcha= accompanied; tam= Bharata; dR^iSTvaa= and on seeing; tam= that; veshma samvidhim= excellent get-up of the palace; babhuuvushcha= they became; yuktaaH= filled; mudaa= with delight.

All the ministers together with priests accompanied Bharata and on entering that excellent get-up of the house, were filled with delight

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t raj Aasnm! idVym! Vyjnm! cm! @v c,
-rtae mii-> saxRm! A_yvtRt rajvt!. 29138

38. bharataH= Bharata; mantribhiH saartham= along with his ministers; abhyavartata= went clockwise round; divyam= the excellent; raajaasanam= royal throne; vyajanam= whisk; chhatram eva cha= and the royal umbrella; (kept there); raajavat= as if they were utilized by a king.

Bharata along with his ministers went clock-wise round the excellent royal throne, whisk and the royal umbrella kept there, as if they were utilized by a king.

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Aasnm! pUjyam! Aas ramay Ai-[My c,
val Vyjnm! Aaday Ny;Idt! sicv Aasne. 29139

39. puujamaayaasa= (they) paid reverence; aasanam= to the royal seat; abhipraNamya cha= bowing before it; raamaaya= as if Rama sat thereon; (and thereafter Bharata); aadaaya= taking hold of; vaala vyaajanam= the whisk; nyaSidat= sat down; schivaasane= on the seat meant for the chief minister.

They paid reverence to the royal seat, bowing before it, as if Rama sat thereon and thereafter Bharata, taking hold of the whisk, sat down on the seat meant for the chief minister.

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AanupUVyaRn! in;e> c sveR m puraeihta>,
tt> sena pit> pat! zaSta c in;edtu>. 29140

40. sarve= all; mantri purohitaaH= the ministers and priests; niSeduH= sat down; aanupuurvyaan= in order of precedence; tataH= thereafter; senaapatiH= the chief of the army; pashchaat= and at last; prashaastaacha= the officer-in-charge of the encampment.

All the ministers and priests sat down in order of precedence. Thereafter, the chief of the army and at last the officer-in-charge of the encampment occupied their seats.

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tt> t muteRn n*> pays kdRma>,
%paitNt -rtm! -rajSy zasnt!. 29141

41. tataH= thereafter; muhurtena= on an instant; shaasanaat= by the orders; bharadvaajasya= of Bharadwaja; nadyaH= streams; paayasa kardamaaH= having milk thickened with rice in the plce of mud; upatiSThanta= flowed; bharatam= towards Bharata; tatra= there.

Then, on an instant, by the orders of Bharadwaja, streams having milk thickened with rice in the place of mud, flowed towards Bharata.

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tasam! %-yt> klm! pa{fu m&ik lepna>,
rMya> c Aavswa idVya [> tu sadja>. 29142

42. ubhayataH kuulam= On both the banks; taasaam= of those streams; ramyaaH= enchanting; divyaaH= and celestial; aavasadhaashcha= houses; paaNDu mR^ittika lepanaaH= plastered with white clay; prasaadajaaH= born of the grace; brahmaNaH= of Brahma the Lord of creation; (appeared there).

On both the banks of those streams, enchanting and celestial houses plastered with white clay born out of the grace of Brahma the Lord of creation, appeared.

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ten @v c muteRn idVy Aa-r[ -Ui;ta>,
Aagur ivMzit saha> a[a ihta> iy>. 29143

43. tena= at that; muhuurtena= moment itself; vimshati saahaasraaH= twenty thousand; striyaH= women; divyaabharaNa bhuuSitaaH= adorned with beautiful ornaments; prahitaaH= sent; brahmaNaa= by Brahma; aaguH= arrived.

At that moment itself, twenty thousand women adorned with beautiful ornaments, sent by Brahma, arrived.

Verse Locator

suv[R mi[ muen valen c zaei-ta>,
Aagur ivMzit saha> kber ihta> iy>. 29144

44. vimshatisaahasraaH= twenty thousand more; striyaH= women; shobhitaaH= who were radiant; suvarNa maNi muktena= and adorned with gold, gems, perals; pravaaLena= and corals; aaguH= came; kubera prahitaaH= from the region of Kubera.

Twenty thousand more women, who were radiant and adorned with gold, gems, pearls and corals came from the region of Kubera.

Verse Locator

yai-r g&hIt> pu;> s %Nmad #v lyte,
Aagur ivMzit saha nNdnad APsrae g[a>. 29145

45. apsaro gaNaaH= a particular company of Apsaras; grahiitaH= embraced; yaabhiH= by whom; puruSaH= a man; lakSyate= looked; sonmaada iva= as though seized with insanity; aaguH= came; nandanaat= from Nandana grove.

A particular company of Apsaras, embraced by whom, a man looked as though seized with insanity, came from Nandana grove.

Verse Locator

nard> tuMbur gaep> pvRt> sUyR vcRs>,
@te gNxvR rajanae -rtSy Atae jgu>. 29146

46. ete= these; pravaraaH= most excellent; gandharva raajaanaH= kings among celestial musicians; naaradaH= Narada; tumburuH= Tumburu; gopaH= and Gopa; sumryavarchasaH= whose radiance is like that of the sun; jaguH= began to sing; agrataH= in front; bharatasya= of Bharata.

Those most excellent kings among celestial musicians - Narada, Tumbura and Gopa whose radiance is like that of the sun, began to sing in front of Bharata.

Verse Locator

AlMbusa im kezI pu{frIka Aw vamna,
%pan&TyM> tu -rtm! -rajSy zasnat!. 29147

47. atha= then; shaasanaat= on the command; bharadvaajasya= of Bharadwaja; alambusaa= Alambusa; mishra keshi= Misra Kesi; puNDariikaa= Pundarika; vaamanaa= and Vamana; upaanR^ityantu= started dancing in the presence; bharatam= of Bharata.

Then, on the command of Bharadwaja, Alambusa, MishraKesi and Vamana started dancing in the presence of Bharata.

Verse Locator

yain maLyain deve;u yain cErwe vne,
yage taNy! AZyNt -rajSy zasnat!. 29148

48. shaasanaat= by the command; bharadwajasya= of Bharadwaja; maalyaani= wreaths of flowers; yaani= which were; deveSu= (beloved) of the gods; taani= or those; yaani= which; vane= grow in the woods; chaitrarathe= of Chaitraratha; aadR^ishyanta= were seen; prayaage= at Prayaga.

By the command of Bharadwaja, wreaths of flowers which were beloved of the gods or those which grow in the woods of chaitra ratha were seen at Prayaga.

Verse Locator

ibLva madRiNgka Aasn! zMya aha ib-Itka>,
ATwa ntRka> c Aasn! -rajSy tejsa. 29149

49. shaasanaat= By the command; bharadwaajasya= of Bharadwaja; bilvaaH= Bel trees; aasan= assumed; maardaN^gikaaH= (the form) of drummers; vibhiitakaaH= Vibhitaka trees; shamyaagraahaaH= of cymbalists; ashvathaaH= Peepul trees; aasan= assumed; nartakaashcha= the form of dancers.

By the command of Bharadwaja, Bel trees assumed the form of drummers, Vibhitaka trees assumed the form of cymbalists and Peepul trees assumed the form of dancers.

Verse Locator

tt> srl tala> c itlka n malka>,
a> t sMpetu> ka -Uta Aw vamna>. 29150

50. tataH= then; saraLataaLaashcha= deoders, palmyras; tilakaaH= and Tilaka trees; bhuutvaa= transformed into; kubjaaH= hunchbacks; atha= and; vaamanaaH= dwarfs; prahR^iSTaaH= joyfully; sampetuH= arrived; tatra= there.

Then, dcodars palmyras and Tilaka trees along with Tamala trees transformed into hunch backs and dwarfs and joyfully arrived there.

Verse Locator

izMzpa AamlkI jMbUr ya> c ANya> kanne lta>,
maltI mika jaityaRaNya> kanne lta>. 29151
mda ivhm! kTva -raj Aame Avsn!,

51. shimshupamamalakiijambvaH= Shimsapas (Ashoka trees); Amalakis(Emblic myrobalan), Jambus(rose apple trees); maalati= Malati; mallikaa= Mallika; jaatiH= and Jati; anyaaH= and other; yaH lataaH= creepers; kaanane= in the forest; kR^itvaa= had been changed; pramadaavigraham= into the form of dancing girls; bharadwaajaasrame= in the hermitage of Bharadwaja; (and they) avadan= spoke (as follows).

Shimshapas (Ashoka trees), Amalakis (Emblic myrobalan), Jambus (rose-apple trees), Malati, Mallika Jati and other creepers in the forest had been changed into dancing girls in the hermitage of Bharadwaja and they spoke as follows:

Verse Locator

suram! surapa> ipbt paysm! c bu-ui]ta>. 29152
maMsin c sumeXyain -yNtam! yavd #GCAw. 29153

52, 53. suraapaaH= O, wine-bibbers!; pibata= drink; yaavat= however much; suraaH= wine; ichchhatha= you desire! bubhukSitaaH= O troops stricken with hunger! (Let); paayasam cha= milk thickened with rice; maamsaanicha= and meats; sumedhyaani= which are very much fresh; bhakSyantaam= be eaten.

"O, wine-bibbers! Drink the wine, however much you desire! O troops stricken with hunger! Let milk thickened iwth rice and the meats which are very much fresh, be eaten (as you will)"

Verse Locator

%Tsa* apyiNt Sm ndI tIre;u vLgu;u,
APy! @km! @km! pu;m! mda> sTp c A c. 29154

54. sapta cha seven or; aSTa cha= eight; pramadaaH= young women; snaanayantisma api= bathed; ekam ekam= every single; puruSam= man; abhi valguSu= on the beautiful; nadiitiireSu= on the beautiful; nadiitiireSu= river-banks; uchchhaadya= after massaging their body with oil.

Seven or eight young women bathed every single man on the beautiful river-banks, after massaging their body with oil.

Verse Locator

sMvhNTy> smapetur nayaeR icr laecna>,
pirm&Jy twa Nyaym! payyiNt vr ANgna>. 29155

55. naaryaH= women; ruchira lochanaaH= with charming eyes; samaapetuH= came running; samvaahantya= and shampooed their limbs; varaaNganaaH= lovely women; tathaa= like wise; parimR^ijya= wiped off the moisture (on their body); paayayanti= and gave them beverages to drink; anyauyam= mutually sharing them among each other.

Women with charming eyes came running and shampooed their limbs. Lovely women likewise wiped off the moisture on their body with towels and gave them beverages to drink, mutually sharing them among each other.

Verse Locator

hyan! gjan! oran! %+aM> twEv sur-e> sutan!,
A-aejyn! vahnpaSte;a< -aeJy< ywaivix. 29156

56. vaahanapaaH= the keepers of animals; abhojayan= fed; hayaan= the horses; gajaan elephantsl kharaan= donkeys; uSTraan= camels; tathaiva= and likewise; sutaan= the offspring; surabheH= of Surabhi the divine cow; teSaam= with their; bhojyam= feed; yathaavidhi= suitably.

The keepers of animals fed horses, elephants, donkeys, camels and bullocks (the offspring of Surabhi the divine cow) with their suitable feed.

Verse Locator

#]UM> c mxu jalaM> c -aejyiNt Sm vahnan!,
#vak vr yaexanam! caedyNtae mha bla>. 29157

57. vaahanaan= the animals; ikSvaaku varayodhaanaam= belonging to the illustrious warriors the descendents of Ikshvakus; mahaa balaaH= the exceedingly strong men; bhojantisma= were fed; ikSuumshcha= with sugarcane; madhulajaamshcha= and roasted grain mixed in honey; chodayantaH= duly cajoling them to eat.

The animals, belonging to the exceedingly strong and illustrious warriors, the descendents of Ikshvaku, were fed with pieces of sugarcane and roasted grain soaked in honey, duly cajoling them to eat.

Verse Locator

n A bNxae Am! Aajanan! n gjm! kNjr h>,
m m muidta cmU> sa t sMb-aE. 29158

58. ashvabandhaH= the groom; na ajaanaat= did not recognize; ashram= his horse; kuN^jara grahaH= the elephant-keeper; na= did not recognise; gajam= his elephant; saa= that; chamuuH= army; tatra= there; sambabhau= appeared; mattapramatta muditaa= intoxicated, maddened and enraptured on that spot.

The groom did not recognise his horse. The elephant-keeper did not recognise his elephant. That army there appeared intoxicated, maddened and enraptured on that spot.

Verse Locator

tipRta svR kamE> te r cNdn i;ta>,
APsrae g[ sMyua> sENya vacm! %dEryn!. 29159

59. sarva kaamaiH= with all their desires; tarpitaH= gratified; rakta chandana ruuSitaaH= and their bodies anointed with red-sandal paste; apsarogaNa samyuktaaH= surrounded by a company of Apsaras; te sainyaaH= those soldiers; adairayan= uttered; vaacham= these words.

With all their desires gratified, their bodies anointed with red-sandal paste, and surrounded by a company of Apsaras, those soldiers uttered the following words.

Verse Locator

n @v AyaeXyam! gim:yamae n gim:yam d{fkan!,
kzlm! -rtSy AStu ramSy AStu twa suom!. 29160

60. naiva gamiSyaamaH= we shall not go; ayodhyaam= either to Ayodhya; daN^Dakaan= or to Dandaka forest; bharatasya= Let Bharata; astu= be; kushalam= well!; tathaa= likewise; raamasya= let Rama; astu= be; sukham= at ease!

"We shall not go either to Ayodhya or to Dandaka forest. Let Bharata be well! Likewise, let Rama too be at east!"

Verse Locator

#it padat yaexa> c hSTy! A Aaraeh bNxka>,
Anawa> tm! ivixm! lBXva vacm! @tam! %dEryn!. 29161

61. labdhvaa= having obtained; tam= that; vidhim= hospitality; paadaatayodhaashcha= infantry; hastyashvaaroha bandhakaaH= and cavalry as well as those mounted on elephants and their keepers too; anaathaaH= no longer acknowledging their leaders; udairayan= spoke; etaam= these; vaadam= words; iti= thus.

Having obtained that hospitality, the infantry, the cavalry as well as those mounted on elephants and their keepers too, no longer acknowledging their leaders, spoke the following words:

Verse Locator

sMa ivne> te nra> t shz>,
-rtSy Anuyatar> SvgeR Aym! #it c Auvn!. 29162

62. samprahR^iSTaaH= in the height of joy; te naraaH= those men; sahasrashaH= in thosands; tatra= there; anuyaataaraH= the retinue; bharatasya= of Bharata; vineduH= cried out; abruvan= and spoke too; iti= thus; ayam= "Verily, this is; svagaH= heaven!"

In the height of joy, those men in thousands there, the retinue of Bharata cried out, "This is verily of heaven!"

Verse Locator

n&TyiNt Sm hsiNtSm gayiNt Sm c sEinka>,
smNtat! pirxaviNt maLyae peta> shz>. 29163

63. sainikaaH= the soldiers; sahasrashaH= in thousands; maalyapetaaH= wreathed in flowers; nR^ityantisma= danced; hasantisma= laughed; gaayantisma= and sang; paridhaavanti= and ran; samantaat= hither and thither.

The soldiers in thousands, wreathed in flowers danced, laughed, sang and ran hither and thither.

Verse Locator

ttae -uvtam! te;am! td Am! Am&t %pmm!,
idVyan! %Iy -yaM> tan! A-vd -][e mit>. 29164

64. tataH= thereafter; teSaam= to those soldiers; bhuktavataam= who had partaken; tat annam= that food; amR^itopamam= which was as sweet as ambrosia; udviikSya= when they saw; taan= those; divyaan= fresh; bhakSyaan= dishes; abhavat= there arose; matiH= a desire; bhakSaNe= to eat (them again).

To those soldiers who had partaken that food which was as sweet as ambrosia, when they saw again those fresh dishes, there arose in them a desire to eat them again.

Verse Locator

e:ya> ceq(> c vXv> c blSwa> c Aip svRz>,
b-Uvu> te -&zm! t&a> sveR c Aaht vass>. 29165

65. sahasrashaH= thousands of; preSyaaH= servants; cheTyashcha= slaves; vadhvashcha= youthful women; te= and those; balasthaaH= in the army; sarvacha= on every side; aahata raasasaH= clad in new raiment; babhuuvaH= became; bhR^isham= very much; dR^iptaaH= contented.

Thousands of servants, slaves, youthful women and those in the army on every side, clad in new raiment, became very much contented.

Verse Locator

kNjra> c or %+> c gae Aa> c m&g pi][>,
b-Uvu> su-&ta> t n ANyae ! ANym! AkLpyt!. 29166

66. kuNjaraasahcha= Elephants; kharoSTraashcha= donkeys, camels; go.ashvaashcha= bullocks, horses; mR^iga pakSiNaH= animals and birds; tatra= there; babhuuvaH= were suitably; subhR^itaaH= fed well; anyaH= one; naakalpayat hi= did not afflict; anyam= the other.

Elephants, donkeys, camels, bullocks, horses, animals and birds there were suitably well-fed. Hence, one did not afflict the other.

Verse Locator

n Azu vasa> t AasIt! ]uixtae milnae Aip va,
rjsa XvSt kezae va nr> kid AZyt. 29167

67. tatra= there; na aasiit= was no one; naa dR^ishyata= nor any one seen; ashuklavaasaa= in soiled attire; kSudhitaH= or hungry; malino.api= or unkept; kashchit naraH= or any man; dhvasta keshovaa= with his hair spoiled; rajasaa= by powdered dust.

There was no one seen in soiled attire or hungry or unkept or with hair powdered with dust.

Verse Locator

AajE> c Aip c varahEr inan vr sMcyE>,
)l inyURh siMsE> sUpEr gNx rs AiNvtE>. 29168
pu:p XvjvtI> pU[aR> zuSy ASy c Ai-t>,
dzur iviSmta> t nra laEhI> shz>. 29169

68, 69. aajaishchaapi= dishes of goat; vaarahaishcha= and boar; niSThaana vara samchayaiH= with delicious sauces; tatra= were there; suupaiH= flavoury soups; gandha rasaanvitaiH= that were spicy, fragrant and succulent; phala niryuuha samsiddhaiH= cooked in fruit juices; puurNaaH= filled; lohiiH= in vessels of rare metals; sahasrashaH= in thousands; puSpa dhvajavatiiH= decorated with flowers shuklaamshcha annasya= of white rice; naraaH= those soldiers; dadR^ishuH= saw (them); tatra= there; vos,otaaJ= with wonder; abhitaH= on all sides .

Dishes of goat and boar with delicious sauces were there and condiments that were spicy, fragrant and succulent, cooked in fruit juices; vessels of rare metals filled with rice, decorated with flowers, were offered in thousands to those soldiers there. The soldiers saw them with wonder on all sides.

Verse Locator

b-Uvur vn paeR;u kpa> pays kdRma>,
ta> c kam"a gavae Ԃma> c Aasn! mxuZCyut>. 29170

70. kuupaaH= the wells; vana paarshveSu= in various sides of the kardamaaH= have their mud transformed into milk in which rice has been cooked with sugar; taaH= those; gaavaH= cows; aasan= were transformed; kaamadughaaH= into cows of plenty; drumaashcha= and the trees; madhushchyutaH= dripped honey.

The wells in various sides of the forest (surrounding Bharadwaja's hermitage) have their mud transformed into milk in which rice was cooked. The cows in the region were transformed into cows of plenty and the trees dripped honey.

Verse Locator

vaPyae mErey pU[aR> c m& maMs cyEr v&ta>,
t ipQrE> c Aip magR mayUr kaEqE>. 29171

71. vaapyaH= (some) ponds; vR^itaaH= were endowed with; maireya puurNaashcha= full of wine; (and some ponds with); mR^iSTaiH= pertaining to deer, peacocks and wild cocks; vratapta piTaraiH= cooked in hot pans.

Some ponds there were endowed with full of wine and some were filled with assortment of various dressed meats pertaining to deer, peacocks and wild cocks; cooked in hot pans.

Verse Locator

paI[am! c shai[ zat kM-myain c,
SwaLy> kM_y> krM_y> c dix pU[aR> susMSkta>. 29172
yaEvnSwSy gaErSy kipTwSy sugiNxn>,

72. (There were); sahasraaNi= thousands; paatriiNaam= of portable furnances; niyutaani= lacs; sthaliinaam= of culinary utensils; nyarbudaanicha= ten crores; shaata kumbha mayaani= of golden; paatraaNi= vessels; susamskR^itaaH= well-cleaned; sthaalyaH= bowls; dadhipuurNaaH= filled with curd; kumbhyaH= small water-jars; karambhyashcha= and wide-mouthed dishes.

There were thousands of portable furnaces, lacs of culinary utensils ten crores of golden vessels, well-cleaned bowls filled with curds, small water-jars and wide-mouthed dishes.

Verse Locator

da> pU[aR rsalSy d> etSy c Apre,
b-Uvu> paysSy ANte zkRraya> c sMcya>. 29173
kLkaM> cU[R k;ayaM> c anain ivivxain c,
dzur -ajnSwain tIweR;u sirtam! nra>. 29174

73, 74. hradaaH= lakes; puurNaaH= full; yauvanasthasya= of fresh (curds) gaurasya= shining sugandhinaH= fragrant; kapitthasya= and also in the colour of a wood-apple; rasaalasya= curds mixed with sugar and spices; apare cha= some other lakes; shvetasya= of white; dadhnaH= curds; anye= and some other lakes; paayasasya= of milk soaked in rice and sugar; sharkaraayaavasamchayaaH= and of heaps of mixture of barley-flour and sugar; babhuuvaH= were formed.

Lakes full of fresh curds, shining fragrant and in the colour of a wood-apple, curds mixed with sugar and spices, some other lakes filled with shite curds, some others filled with milk soaked in rice as well as sugar and some other lakes with a mixture of barley and sugar were formed.

Verse Locator

kLkan! cU[Rk;aya< anain ivivxain c,
dzu-aRjnSwain tIweR;u sirta< nra>. 29175

75. naraaH= those soldiers; dadR^ishuH= saw; kalkaan= jellies; chuurNa kaSaayaamshcha= powders and syrups (made of fruits); vividhaani= and various kinds; snaanaanicha= of accessories used in bathing; bhaajana sthaani= kept stored in vessels; tiirtheSu= on the banks; saritaam= of rivers.

Those soldiers saw jellies, powders and syrups made of fruits and various kinds of accessories used in bathing, kept stored in vessels, on the banks of rivers.

Verse Locator

zuan! AMzumt> c Aip dNt xavn sMcyan!,
zuaM> cNdn kLkaM> c smue;u Avitt>. 29176
dpR[an! pirm&aM> c vassam! c Aip sMcyan!,
pak %panham! cEv yuGman! y shz>.29177
AaNjnI> kNktan! kcaRM> cai[ c xnUiM; c,
mmR a[ain icai[ zynaNy! Aasnain c. 29178
itpan dan! pU[aRn! or %+ gj vaijnam!,
Avga sutIwaRM> c dan! s %Tpl pu:kran!. 29179
nIl vEyR v[aRM> c m&n! yvs sMcyan!,
invaRp AwRm! pzUnam! te dzu> t svRz>. 29180

76, 77, 78, 79, 80. ta= those soldiers; dadR^ishaH= saw; tatra= there; sarvashaH= all around; dana dhaavana samchayaan= heaps of twigs used for cleaning the teeth; shuklaam= with white; mshumatashchaapi= brushes; shuklaan= white; chandana kalkaamshcha= sandal pastes; avatiSThataH= stored; samudgeSu= in caskets; parimR^iSThaam= polished; darpaNaancha= mirrors; samchayaan chaapi= piles; vaasasaam= of clothes; sahasrashaH= thousands; yugmaanicha= of pairs; paadukopaanahaam= of shoes and sandals; aaNjaniiH= caskets containing collyrium for the eyes; kamkataan= combs; kuurchaan= brushes; vastraaNi cha= raiments; dhanuumSicha= bows; marmatraanaani= protectors of vitals; chitraaNi= strange; shayanaani= couches; aasanaani= and seats; pratipaaa hradaan= drinking ponds; kharoSTragaja vaajinaam= for donkeys, camels, elephants and horses; hradaan= lakes; avagaahya sutiirthaan= with good stairs for descent; sotapalapuSkaran= with water lilies and lotuses; aakaashavarNapratimaan= with sky-blue colour; svachchhatoyaan= with clear water; sukhaplavaan- offering a comfortable bath; mR^iduun= and soft; yavasa samohayaan= grasses; nirvaapaarthaan= useful for feeding; pashuunaam= the animal; niipa vaiDhurya varNaamshcha= having colour of Nipa trees and of cat's eye gems.

Those soldiers saw there heaps of twings used for cleaning the teeth with white brushes at their tips, white sandal pastes stored in caskets, polished mirrors, piles of clothes, thousands of pairs of shoes and sandals, caskets containing collyrium for the eyes; combs, brushed, raiments bows, protectors of vitals, strange couches and seats, drinking ponds for donkeys camels elephants and horses, lakes with good stairs for descent having water-lilies and lotuses with sky-blue colour, with clear water offering a comfortable bath and soft grasses having a colour of Nipa tree and of cat's eye gems useful for feeding animals.

Nipa tree: Nanclea cadamba

Verse Locator

VySmyNt mnu:ySte SvkL)< tdтt<,
va=itWy< kt< taG-rtSy mhai;R[a 29181

81. dR^iSTvaa= seeing; tat= that; adbhutam= wonderful; taadR^ik= and such; svapnakalpam= a dream-like; aatithyam= hospitality; kR^itam= offered; maharSiNaa= by the great sage Bharadwaja; te manuSyaaH= those men; vyasmayanta= were surprised.

Seeing such a wonderful and dreamlike hospitality offered by the great sage Bharadwaja, all those men were surprised.

Verse Locator

#Ty! @vm! rmma[anam! devanam! #v nNdne,
-raj Aame rMye sa rair VyTyvtRt. 29182

82. rama maaNaanaam= while they were enjoying; ityevam= thus; ramye= in that charming; bharadwaajaashrame= hermitage of Bharadwaja; devaanaamiva= like celestials; (enjoying); nanadane= in the garden of nandana; saa raatriH= that night; vytyavartata= had elapsed.

While they were enjoying thus in that charming hermitage of Bharadwaja, in the same manner as celestials enjoy the garden of Nandna, that night had elapsed.

Verse Locator

itjGmu> c ta n*ae gNxvaR> c ywa Aagtm!,
-rajm! AnuJnaPy ta> c svaR vr ANgna>. 29183

83. anujJNaapya= having been permitted; bharadvaajam= by Bharadwaja; taaH nadyaH= those rivers; gandharvaashcha= the celestial musicians; sarvaaH= (and) all; taaH= those; varaaNganaashcha= beautiful women; pratijagmushcha= went back; yathaagatam= by the same way they came.

Having been permitted by Bharadwaja, those rivers, the celestial musicians and all those beautiful women went back by the same way they came.

Verse Locator

twEv ma midr %Tkqa nra>,
twEv idVy Agu cNdn %i]ta>,
twEv idVya ivivxa> g! %ma>,
p&wk kI[aR mnujE> midRta>. 29184

84. naraaH= the soldiers; madirotkaTaaH= intoxicated with spirituous liquor; tathaiva mattaaH= were likewise excited with joy; tathaiva= Like wise; divyaagaru chandanokSitaaH= they were drenched in charming aloes and sandal paste; pramarditaaH= crushed; prakiirNaaH= and scattered; pR^ithak= at a distance; vividhaaH= various kinds; divyaah= of beautiful; sraguttamaaH= and excellent garlands; tathaiva= were there likewise.

The soldiers, intoxicated with spirituous liquor, were likewise excited with joy. Likewise, the men were drenched in charming aloes and sandal paste. Various kinds of excellent and charming garlands were there, crushed and garlands were there, crushed and scattered at distances, likewise.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe @knvittm> sgR

Thus completes 91st Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 91

 

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Sarga 91 in English Prose

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May 2004, K. M. K. Murthy