Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Bharata along with Vasishta proceed to see Bharadwaja. Bharadwaja welcomes both of them hospitable. After exchanging pleasantries Bharadwaja asks Bharata whether he is coming to the forest to do any harm to Rama and Lakshmana. Bharata replies that he is coming to the forest for the purpose of taking back Rama to Ayodhya. When enquired by Bharata about the whereabouts of Rama, Bharadwaja informs that Rama along with Seetha and Lakshmana are staying on the chitrakuta mountain. Thereafter, at the request of Bharadwaja, Bharata along with his routine decides to make a night halt on that day at that hermitage and to proceed to Chitrakuta on the following morning.
bharadv˜ja ˜þramam d®ÿ÷v˜ kroþ˜d eva nara ®ÿabha× |
balam sarvam avasth˜pya jag˜ma saha mantribhi× || 2-90-1
padbhy˜m eva hi dharmajno nyasta þastra parigcada× |
vas˜no v˜sasŸ kÿaume purodh˜ya purohitam || 2-90-2
1, 2. dR^iSTvaa= having seen; bharadwaajaashramam= Bharadwaja's hermitage; kroshaadeva= at a couple of miles away; nararshaabhaH= that excellent man; dharmajJNaH= knowing what is right; avasthaapya= leaving; sarvam= all; balam= his army; nyasta shastra parichchhadaH= discarding his weapons and ornaments; vasaanaH= wearing; kshhaume vaasasii= simple silken garment; jagaama= went forwards; padbhyaam eva= by foot; purodhaaya= proceeded by; purodhanam= Vasishta, his spiritual preceptor.
Having seen Bharadwaja's hermitage at a couple of miles away, that excellent man Bharata, knowing what is right, leaving all his army behind, discarding his weapons and ornaments, and wearing simple silken garment, went forwards by foot, proceeded by Vasishta, his spiritual preceptor.
tata× samdarþane tasya bharadv˜jasya r˜ghava× |
mantriõa× t˜n avasth˜pya jag˜ma anu purohitam || 2-90-3
3. avasthaapya= leaving behind; taam mantriNaH= those ministers; samdarshana= at a visible distance to Bharadwaja; raaghavaH= Bharata; tataH= then; jagaama= went; anupurohitam= along with Vasista, his spiritual preceptor
Leaving his ministers behind at a visible distance to Bharadwaja, Bharata then went along with Vasishta, his spiritual preceptor.
vasiÿ÷ham atha d®ÿ÷v˜ eva bharadv˜jo mah˜ tap˜× |
samcac˜la ˜san˜t t¨rõam þiÿy˜n arghyam iti bruvan || 2-90-4
4. atha= then; dR^iSTvaiva= on seeing; vasiSTham= Vasishta; bhararadvaajaH= Bharadwaja; mahaatapaaH= the great ascetic; samchachaala= rose; tuurNam= quickly; aasamaat= from his seat; bruvan= asking; shiSyaan= his disciples; arghyam iti= to fetch water to wash the hands (of the distinguished guests) with.
On seeing Vasishta, Bharadwaja the great ascetic rose quickly from his seat, asking his disciples to fetch water to wash the hand (of the distinguished guests) with.
sam˜gamya vasiÿ÷hena bharatena abhiv˜dita× |
abudhyata mah˜ tej˜× sutam daþarathasya tam || 2-90-5
5. mahaatejaaH= Bharadwaja of great splendour; samaagamya= having met; vasiSThena= Vasishta; abhivaaditaH= and hvaing been offered salutation; bharatena= by Bharata; abudhyata= recognized; tam= him; dasharathasya= as Dasaratha's sutam= son.
Having met Vasishta and greeted by Bharata, Bharadwaja of great splendour recognized him to be a son of Dasaratha.
t˜bhy˜m arghyam ca p˜dyam ca dattv˜ paþc˜t phal˜ni ca |
˜nup¨rvy˜c ca dharmajna× papragca kuþalam kule || 2-90-6
6. dharmajJNaH= Bharadwaja, who knows what is right; dattvaa= offering; taabhyaam= them both; anupuurvyaat= in order of seniority; arghyamcha paadyamcha= water to wash theri hands and feet with; pashchaat= and thereafter; phalaamicha= fruits as well; paprachchha= enquired; kushalan= about the welfare; kule= of their family.
Bharadwaja, knowing what is right, offering them both, in order of seniority, water to wash theri hands and feet with and fruits afterwards, made enquiries concerning the welfare of their family.
ayodhy˜y˜m bale koþe mitreÿu api ca mantriÿu |
j˜nan daþaratham v®ttam na r˜j˜nam ud˜harat || 2-90-7
7. (Subsequently, Bharadwaja made enquires as to whether all were well) ayodhyaam= in ayodhya; bale= with the army; koshe= with the treasury; mitreSvagricha= friends and; mantriSu= counsellors; jaanan= but knowing; dasharatham= Dasaratha; vR^ittam= to be dead; nodaharaat= he did not speak; raajaanaam= of the king
Subsequently, Bharadwaja made enquires with both of them as to whether all were well in the city of Ayodhya, with the army, with the treasury, friends and counsellors. But knowing Dasaratha friends and counsellors. But knowing Dasaratha to be dead, he did not speak of the king.
vasiÿ÷ho bharata× ca enam papragcatur an˜mayam |
þarŸre agniÿu v®kÿeÿu þiÿyeÿu m®ga pakÿiÿu || 2-90-8
8. vasiSTaH= Vasishta; bharatashcha= and Bharata; paprapachchhatuH= made enquiries; enam= with Bharadwaja; anaamayam= (if all were well) shariire= with his body; agniSu= his sacred fires; vR^iKSeSu= the trees; shiSyeSu= with his disciples; mR^iga pakSiSu= with the deer and birds
Vasishta and Bharata in return made enquires with Bharadwaja, if all were well with his body his sacred fires, his disciples, the trees, the deer and birds in the hermitage.
tath˜ iti ca pratijn˜ya bharadv˜jo mah˜ tap˜× |
bharatam pratyuv˜ca idam r˜ghava sneha bandhan˜t || 2-90-9
9. mahaatapaaH= the great ascetic; bharadvaajaH= Bharadwaja; pratijJNaaya= replied; tata tatheti= "All is well"; uvaacha= and spoke; idam= these words; bharatam prati= to Bharata; raaghava sneha bandhaanaat= bound as he was with affection to Rama.
The great ascetic Bharadwaja replied, "All is well" and spoke the following words to Bharata, bound as he was with affection to Rama.
kim iha ˜gamane k˜ryam tava r˜jyam praþ˜sata× |
etad ˜cakÿva me sarvam na hi me þudhyate mana× || 2-90-10
10. kim= for what; kaaryam= reason; tava= have you; prashaasataH= who are ruling; raajyam= the kingdom aagamane= come; iha= here; aachakaSva= tell me= me; sarvam= all; etat= this; me= My; manaH= mind; na hishuddhyate= is not indeed not getting cleared (of all doubts)
"For what reason have you, who are ruling the kingdom, come here? Tell me all this, for my mind is not getting cleared of doubts."
suÿuve yama mitraghnam kausalya ˜nanda vardhanam |
bhr˜tr˜ saha sabh˜ryo ya× ciram pravr˜jito vanam || 2-90-11
niyukta× strŸ niyuktena pitr˜ yo asau mah˜ yaþ˜× |
vana v˜sŸ bhava iti iha sam˜× kila caturdaþa || 2-90-12
kaccin na tasya ap˜pasya p˜pam kartum iha igcasi |
akaõ÷akam bhoktu man˜ r˜jyam tasya anujasya ca || 2-90-13
11, 12 13. amitraghnam= that annihilator of enemies; suSuvo= born of; kausalyaa= Kausalya; aananda ardhanam= for the increase of her happiness; yaH= he who; bhraatraa saha= with his brother; sabhaaryaaH= and his wife; pravraajitaH= have been exiled; vanam= to the forest; chiram= for a long period; yaH asau= that Rama; mahaayashaaH= who is full of glory; striiniyuktena= throught the intrigues of a woman; niyuktaH= was condemned; iti= thus; bhava= to be; vanavaasii= living in the forest; chaturdasha= for fourteen; samaaH= years; pitraa= by his father; na ichchhasi= I hope you do not intend; kartum= to do; paapam= any harm; iha= now; tasya= to that; apaapasya= irreproachable prince; anujasyacha= and his younger brother; bhoktumanaaH= in order to enjoy; raajyam= the kingdom; akaN^Takam= without any hindrance.
"That annihilator of enemies, born of Kausalya for the increase of her happiness, he who with his brother and his wife have been exiled to the forest for a long period, that Rama who is full of glory, through the intrigues of a woman was condemned to dwell in the forest for fourteen years by his father. I hope you do not intend to do any harm to that irreproachable prince and his younger brother in order to enjoy the throne without hindrance."
evam ukto bharadv˜jam bharata× pratyuv˜ca ha |
paryaþru nayano duhkh˜d v˜c˜ samsajjam˜nay˜ || 2-90-14
14. evam= thus uktaH= spoken; bharataH= Bharata; paryashrunayanaH= with his eyes filled with tears; duHkhaat= due to grief; samsajjamaanayaa= in a faltering; vaachaa= tone; pratyuvaacha= replied; bharadvaajam= to Bharadwaja ( as follows).
"Thus spoken to as aforesaid, Bharata with his eyes filled with tears in grief and in a faltering tone, replied to Bharadwaja as follows:
hato asmi yadi m˜m evam bhagav˜n api manyate |
matto na doÿam ˜þanker na evam m˜m anuþ˜dhi hi || 2-90-15
15. bhagavaanapi manyate yadi= if you the blessed one, regard; maam= me; evam= like this; hataH asmi= I am lost; na ashaNKe= I cannot conceive; doSam= of any harm; mattaH= having proceeded from me; na anushaastuhi= Do not charge; maam= me; evam= thus.
"If you the Blessed One, regard me like this, I am lost indeed! I cannot conceive of any harm towards Rama having proceeded from me. do not charge me thus."
na ca etad iÿ÷am m˜t˜ me yad avocan mad antare |
n˜ham etena tuÿ÷a× ca na tad vacanam ˜dade || 2-90-16
16. yat= what; me maataa= my mother; avochat= talked; madantare= when I was away from home; etat= that; na cha= is not; iSTam= liking to me; aham= I; na= am not; tuSTachcha= pleased; etena= by it; na aadade= I do not accept; tadvachanam= her words.
" I do not approve of what my mother has done when I was away from home. I am not pleased with her nor do I accept her word in this matter."
aham tu tam nara vy˜ghram upay˜ta× pras˜daka× |
pratinetum ayodhy˜m ca p˜dau tasya abhivanditum || 2-90-17
17. aham tu= I on my part; upayaataH= came; abhinanditum cha= to offer salutation; tasya paadau= to his fat; pratinetum= and to take back; tam= him; naravyaaghram= the tiger among men; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; prasaadakaH= after propitiating him.
"I, on my part, came to take back that tiger among men to Ayodhya, after prostrating myself at his feet and having propitiated him."
tvam m˜m evam gatam matv˜ pras˜dam kartum arhasi |
þamsa me bhagavan r˜ma× kva samprati mahŸ pati× || 2-90-18
18. bhaagavan= O, venerable One! matvaa= believing; maam= me; evam gatam= to have come (for the aforesaid purpose); tvam= you; arhasi= ought; kartum= to do; prasaadam= a favour; shamsa= tell; me= me; kva= where;raamaH= Rama; mahiipatiH= the lord of the world; (is to be found) samprati= now?
"O, venerable one! Believing me to have come for the aforesaid purpose, you ought to do a favour for me. Tell me where Rama the Lord of the world is to be found now?"
vaþiÿ÷h˜dibhi ®tvigbhi ry˜cito bhagav˜Õstata× |
uv˜ca tam bharadv˜ja× pras˜d˜d bharatam vaca× || 2-90-19
19. tataH= then; yaachitaH= requested; vashiSThaadibhiH= by Vasishta and others; R^itvigbhiH= Priests, bhagavaan= the blessed; bharadvaajaH= Bharadwaja; prasaadaat= in affectionate; vachaH= words ( as follows):
Requested by Vasishta and other priests likewise, Bharadwaja answered Bharata in affectionate words as follows:
tvayy etat puruÿa vy˜ghram yuktam r˜ghava vamþaje |
guru v®ttir dama× caiva s˜dh¨n˜m ca anuy˜yit˜ || 2-90-20
20. puruSavyaaghra= O Bharata the tiger among men!; tvyai= In you; raaghava vamshaje= who are born in the Raghu dynasty; guruvR^ittiH= good manners towards teachers; damashchaiva= self-control; anuyaayitaa= and following; saadhuunaam= virtuous men; (are all) yuktam= worthy of you.
"O, Bharata the tiger among men! Good manners towards teachers as well as self control and walking in the footsteps of virtuous men-these qualities are worthy of you, born as you are in the Raghu dynasty."
j˜ne ca etan manahstham te d®ýhŸ karaõam astu iti |
ap®gcam tv˜m tava atyartham kŸrtim samabhivardhayan || 2-90-21
21. jaane cha= I was aware; etat= this (of your purpose) te manasstham= in your mind; (so that); apr^ichchham= I asked; tvaam= you; iti= in this manner; astu= there must be; dR^iDhiikaraNam= confirmation; strenghen; samabhivardhayan= and to strengthen; kiirtim= your fame; atyartham= immeasurably.
" I was aware of your purpose in your mind. But, I desired to confirm it and it is on this account that I asked you, in order to strengthen you fame immeasurably."
j˜ne ca r˜maÕ dharmajñaÕ sasŸtaÕ sahalakÿmaõam |
asau vasati te bhr˜t˜ citra k¨÷e mah˜ girau || 2-90-22
22. jaane cha= I know; (where); dharmajJNam= the virtuous; raamam= Rama; sasiitam= along with Seetha; salakSmaNam= with lakshmana; (are to be found); asau= this; te bhraataa= your elder brother; vasati= is staying; mahaagirau= on the great mountain; chitrakuuTe= called Chitrakuta.
"I know where the virtuous Rama along with Seetha and LakSmana are to be found. Your elder brother is staying on the great mountain called Chitrakuta."
þva× tu gant˜ asi tam deþam vasa adya saha mantribhi× |
etam me kuru supr˜jna k˜mam k˜ma artha kovida || 2-90-23
23. gantaasi= you may go; shvaH= tomorrow; tam desham= to that place; vasa= stay here; adya= today; mantribhisaha= along with your ministers; supraajJNa= O, man of great wisdom; kamaarthakovida= who understands legitimate interest and desire!; kuru= grant; me= me; etat= this; kaamam= desire.
"You may proceed to that place tomorrow. Stay here today along with your ministers. O, man of great wisdom, who understands legitimate interest and desire! Grant me this desire."
tata× tath˜ ity evam ud˜ra darþana× |
pratŸta r¨po bharato abravŸd vaca× |
cak˜ra buddhim ca tad˜ mah˜ ˜þrame |
niþ˜ niv˜s˜ya nara adhipa ˜tmaja× || 2-90-24
24. bharataH= Bharata; udaara darshanaH= of a broad out look; pratiitaruupaH= and whose reality (as an admirer of Rama) had now come to be known; tataH= thereafter; abraviit= answered; ityevam= be these; vachaH= words; tathaa= "so it be"; tadaa= then; naraadhipaatmajaH= the prince; chakaara= made up; buddim= his mind; nishaanivaasaaya= to stay for the night; tadaashrame= in this hermitage.
Bharata of a broad outlook and whose reality (as an admirer of Rama) had now come to be known, answered thus: "So be it". Then, the prince made up his mind to stay for that night in the hermitage."
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe navatitama× sarga×
Thus completes 90th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© April 2004, K. M. K. Murthy