Chapter [Sarga] 88

Introduction

Bharata and his minister approach the foot of Angudi tree, where Rama has slept on a grass-bed on the ground. Bharata feels bad that on his account, Rama and Seetha were to sleep on such a grass-bed. He thinks that the city of Ayodhya is plunged in desolation, because of the death of Dasaratha and the exile of Rama to the forest. Bharata further takes an owe that like Rama, he will also henceforth sleep on grass with his locks matted, wearing robes of bark and living only on roots and fruits. He says that if Rama refuses his appeal to occupy the throne of Ayodhya, he also will stay back in the forest along with Rama.


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tat shrutvaa nipuNam sarvam bharataH saha mantribhiH |
ingudii muulam aagamya raama shayyaam avekShya taam || 2-88-1
abraviid jananiiH sarvaa iha tena mahaatmanaa |
sharvarii shayitaa bhuumaau idam asya vimarditam || 2-88-2

1,2. shrutvaa= Having heard; tat sarvam= all that; nipuNam= perfectly; bharataH= Bharata; aagamya= approached; iN^gudiimuulam= the foot of Ingudi Tree; mantribhiH saha= along with his ministers; avakSya= gazed at; taam= that; raamashayaam= couch on which Rama had lain; abraviit= and said; sarvaaH= all; jananiiH= his mothers (as follows); idam iha= It is here; tena= that; mahaatmanaa= magnanimous hero; shayitaa= laid himself down; sharvarii= for that night; asya= his (limbs); vimardidam=pressing; bhuumau= the earth.

Having heard all that perfectly, Bharata approached the foot of Ingudi Tree along with his ministers and gazed on that grass-bed on which Rama had slept. Thereafter, he said to all his mothers as follows: "It is here that the magnanimous hero laid himself for that night, his limbs pressing the earth."

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mahaa bhaaga kuliinena mahaa bhaagena dhiimataa |
jaato dasharathena uurvyaam na raamaH svaptum arhati || 2-88-3

3. mahaabhagena= of the great; dhiimataa= and segacious; dasharathena= Dasaratha; mahaabaaga kuliinena= in an illustrious family; raamaH= Rama; na arhati= does not deserve; svaptum= to sleep; urvyaam= on the bare earth!

"Born of the great and segacious Dasaratha in an illustrious family, Rama verily does not desrve to sleep on this bare earth!"

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ajina uttara samstiirNe vara aastaraNa samcaye |
shayitvaa puruSha vyaaghraH katham shete mahii tale || 2-88-4

4. katham= how could; puruSavyaghraH= Rama the tiger among men; shayitvaa= who used to sleep; varaastaraNa samehaye= on a couch horded with rich cushions; ajinottara samstiirNe= covered with superior hairy skins of antelopes; shete= sleep; mahiitale= on abre floor?

"How could Rama the tiger among men, who used to sleep on a couch horded with rich cushions covered with superior hairy skins of antelopes, sleep on a bare floor?"

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praasaada agra vimaaneShu valabhiiShu ca sarvadaa |
haima raajata bhaumeShu vara aastraraNa shaaliShu || 2-88-5
puShpa samcaya citreShu candana agaru gandhiShu |
paaNDura abhra prakaasheShu shuka samgha ruteShu ca || 2-88-6
praasaadavaravaryeSu shiitavatsu sugandhiSu |
uSitvaa merukalpeSu kR^itakaamchanabhittiSu || 2-88-7
giita vaaditra nirghoShair vara aabharaNa nihsvanaiH |
mR^idanga vara shabdaiH ca satatam pratibodhitaH || 2-88-8
bandibhir vanditaH kaale bahubhiH suuta maagadhaiH |
gaathaabhir anuruupaabhiH stutibhiH ca paramtapaH || 2-88-9

5, 6, 7, 8, 9. iSitvaa= having dwelt; sarvadaa= ever; praasaadaagra vimaaneSu= in palaces, the upper apartments resembling the chariots of the gods; valabhiiSucha= and in turrets; varaastaraNa shaaliSu= furnished with excellent carpets; puSpasamchaya chitreSu= decked with heaps of flowers; chandanaagaru gandhiSu= and perfumed with sandal and aloes; paaNDaraabhra prakaasheSu= like unto a bright and towering cloud; shukasamgharuteSucha= re-echoing to the cries of parrots; praasaada varavaryeSu= surpassing the finest of palaces; shiita vatsu= which were cool; sugandhiSu= fragrant with perfumes; kR^ita kaaNchana bhithiSu= with its golden walls; merukalpeSu= resembling unto Mount Meru; tatra= where; pratibodhitaH= he was; kaale= at the fitting time awakened; tatra= there; giita vaaditra nirghoSaiH= by the tinkling of ornametns, mR^idaNgavara shabdaishcha= by the excellent sound of clay tomtoms; saH= Rama; paramtapaH= the tornmentor of his enemy; vanditaH= glorified; bahubhiH= and minstrels; anuruupaabhiH= through appropriate; gathaabhiH= ballads; stutibhishcha= and songs of praise.

"Having ever dwelt in palaces, the upper apartments resembling the chariots of the gods and in turrets, furnished with excellent carpets decked with heaps of flowers, perfumed with sandal and aloes, like unto a bright and towering cloud, re-echoing to the cries of parrots, suprassing the finest of palaces, which wre cool and fragrant with perfules, as unto Mount Meru with its golden walls, where in that palace he was awakened at the fitting time by sogns and music from various instruments, tinkling of ornaments and the excellent sounds of clay tomtoms, glorified by many panegyrists, bards and ministrels throught appropriate ballads and songs of praise."

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ashraddheyam idam loke na satyam pratibhaati maa |
muhyate khalu me bhaavaH svapno ayam iti me matiH || 2-88-10

idam= this; ashraddheyam= is unbelievable; loke- in the world; na pratibhaati= and does not appear; satyam= true; maa= to me; me= my; bhaavaH= state of mind; muhyati khalu= is indded bewildered; me= My; matiH= wish; ayam= this; svapnaH iti= were a dream.

"This ( such a prince becoming like this) is unbelievable in the world and does not appear true to me. My mind is indeed bewildered. I wish that it were a dream."

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na nuunam daivatam kimcit kaalena balavattaram |
yatra daasharathii raamo bhuumaau evam shayiita saH || 2-88-11

11. nuunam= surely; daivatam= a deity; na kinchit= is not even a little; balavattaram= more powerful; kaalena= than Time (the will of god); yatra= since; saH= that; raamaH= Rama; daasharathiH= the son of Dasaratha; shayiita= has to sleep; bhuumaaveva= on the bare ground!

"Surely even a deity is not a little more powerful than Time (the will of god), since that Rama, the son of Dasaratha has to sleep on the bare ground!"

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videha raajasya sutaa siitaa ca priya darshanaa |
dayitaa shayitaa bhuumau snuShaa dasharathasya ca || 2-88-12

12. siitaacha= and Seetha; sutaa= the daughter; videha raajasya= of the king of Videha; priyadarshanaa= lovely to look upon; dayitaa= the charished; snuSaacha= daughter-in-law; dasharathasya= of Dsaaratha; shayitaa= has to sleep; bhuumau= on the floor.

"Even Seetha the daughter of the king of videha, lovely to look upon and the cherished daughter-in-law of Dasaratha has to sleep on the floor!"

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iyam shayyaa mama bhraatur idam hi parivartitam |
sthaNDile kaThine sarvam gaatrair vimR^iditam tR^iNam || 2-88-13

13. iyam= this; shayyaa= is indeed the bed; mama bhraatuH= of my elder brother; idam= here are; parivartitamhi= indeed the blessed marks of his changing sides; sarvam tR^iNam= in the form of all the blades of in the form of all the blades of Kusa grass; mR^iditam= trampled; gaatraiH= by his limbs; kaThine= on the hard; sthaN^Dile= ground.

"This is the bed of my elder brother. Here are indeed the blessed marks of his changing sides, in the form of all the blades of Kusa grass, trampled by his limbs on the hard ground."

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manye saabharaNaa suptaa siitaa asmin shayane tadaa |
tatra tatra hi dR^ishyante saktaaH kanaka bindavaH || 2-88-14

14. manye= I think; uttame= the blessed; siitaa= Seetha; suptaa= has slept; asmin= on this; shayanaa= bed; saabharaNaa= along with her jewels; tatra tatra= (for) here and there; kanakabimdavaH= some particles of gold; dR^ishyante hi= indeed appear; saktaaH= to be stuck up.

"I think the blessed Seetha has slept on this bed along with her jewels for, some particles of gold appear to be stuck up, here and there."

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uttariiyam iha aasaktam suvyaktam siitayaa tadaa |
tathaa hy ete prakaashante saktaaH kausheya tantavaH || 2-88-15

15. suvyaktam= It is very clear; uttariiyam= that the upper garment; siitayaa= of Seetha; aasaktam= was entangled; iha= (with these blades) here; tadaa= at that time; tathaahi= that is why; ete= these; kansheyatantavaH= silk threads; prakaashante= appear; saktaaH= stuck ( to them).

"It is very clear that the upper garment of Seetha got entangled with these blades here at that time. That is why, these silk-threads appear stuck to them."

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manye bhartuH sukhaa shayyaa yena baalaa tapasvinii |
sukumaarii satii duhkham na vijaanaati maithilii || 2-88-16

16. manye= i think; shayyaa= the bed; bhartuH= of her lord; sukhaa= is sweet; satii= to a woman; maithilii= and thought Seetha; balaa= is young; tapasvinii= and unfortunate; yena= yet; however; sukumarii= delicate she be; jaanaati= she would experience; na hi duHkham= no suffereing indeed.

"I think the bed of her husband is sweet to a woman and thought Seetha is young and unfortunate, yet however delicate she be, she would experience no suffering."

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haa hantaasmi nR^ishamso.aham yatsabhaaryaH kR^itemama |
iidR^ishiiM raaghavaH shayyaamadhishete hyaanaathavat || 2-88-17

17. haa hanta= Alas!; aham= I; asmi= am; nR^ishamsaH= cruel; yat= because; mamakR^ite= on my account; anaathavat= like an orphan; raaghavaH= Rama; sabhaaryaH= along with his wife; adhisheta= slept on; iidR^ishiim= such; shayyaam= a bed.

"Alas! I am a cruel man because on my account, Rama, like an orphan, along with his wife slept on such a bed."

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saarvabhauma kule jaataH sarva loka sukha aavahaH |
sarva loka priyaH tyaktvaa raajyam priyam anuttamam || 2-88-18
katham indiivara shyaamo rakta akShaH priya darshanaH |
sukha bhaagii ca duhkha arhaH shayito bhuvi raaghavaH || 2-88-19

18, 19. katham= How can; raaghavaH= Rama; jaataH= born; saarvabhaumakule= in the race of monarches; sammataH= hightly honoured; sarva lokasya= by the entire world; indiivara shyaamaH= having a dark complexion as that of a blue lotus; raktaakSaH= having red eyes; priyadarshana= lovely to look at; sukhabhaagii= who is entitiled for comfort; na duHhaarhaH= and who is not worthy of suffereing; shayitaH= sleep; bhuvi= on the ground; tyaktaa= abandoning; anuttamam= excelletn; raajyam= kingdom and sukham= comfort?

"How can Rama, born in the race of monarchs, highly honoured by the entire world, beloved of all the people, having a dark complexion as that of a blue-lotus, having red eyes, lovely to look at who is entittled for comfort and who is not worthy of suffering, sleep on the gound, abandoning excellent kingdom and comfort?"

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dhanyaH khalu mahaabhaago lakshmaNaH shubhalakshamaNaH |
bhraataram viSame kaale yo raamamanuvartate || 2-88-20

20. lakshmaNaH= Lakshmana; shubhalakSaNaH= and an exceedingly lucky man; yaH= who; anuvartate= accompanied; bhraataram= his elder brother; raamam= Rama; viSame= in an difficult; kaale= time; dhanyaH khalu= is indeed a fortunate man.

"Lakshmana, having auspicious marks on his body and an exceedingly lucky man, who accompanied his elder brother Rama in times of adversity in indeed a fortunate man."

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siddha arthaa khalu vaidehii patim yaa anugataa vanam |
vayam samshayitaaH sarve hiinaaH tena mahaatmanaa || 2-88-21

21. vaidehii= Seetha; yaa= who; anugataa= went together with; patim= her husband; vanam= to the forest; siddhaarthaa khalu= is indeed an accomplished woman; sarve= All; vayam= of us; hiinaaH= who are bereft; mahaatmanaa= of the highly virtuous; tena= Rama; sanshayitaaH= are unsettled.

"Seetha, who went together with her husband to the forest, is indeed an accomplished woman. All of us, deprived of the highly virtuous Rama, are an unsettled lot."

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akarNa dhaaraa pR^ithivii shuunyaa iva pratibhaati maa |
gate dasharathe svarge raame ca araNyam aashrite || 2-88-22

22. dasharathe= Dasaratha; gate= went; svargam= to heaven; raamecha= Rama; aashrite= is dwelling in; araNyam= the forest; pR^ithivii= this earth; pratibhaati= is appearing; maa= to me; nauriva= as a boat; akarNadhaaraa= without a helmsman.

"Dasaratha went to heaven. Rama is dwelling in the forest. this kingdom appears to me as a boat without ahelmsman."

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na ca praarthayate kashcin manasaa api vasumdharaam |
vane api vasataH tasya baahu viirya abhirakShitaam || 2-88-23

23. vasataH api= even if staying; vane= in the forest; vasumdharaam= this earth; baahuviiryaabhirakSitaam= is being protected by the power of arms; tasya= of that Rama; praarthayate= cannot be desired; manasaapi= even in one's mind; kashchit= by any one.

"Even if staying in the forest, Rama protects this earth with the power of his arms. Hence, nobdy can think even in his mind, to invade this kingdom."

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shuunya samvaraNaa rakShaam ayantrita haya dvipaam |
apaavR^ita pura dvaaraam raaja dhaaniim arakShitaam || 2-88-24
aprahR^iShTa balaam nyuunaam viShamasthaam anaavR^itaam |
shatravo na abhimanyante bhakShyaan viSha kR^itaan iva || 2-88-25

24, 25. shatruvaH= enemies; naabhimanyate= do not long for; raajadhaaniim= that royal capital of Ayodhya; shuunya samvaraNaa rakSaam= without guards to watch over its ramparts; ayantrita haya dvipaam= with its unrestrained horses and elephants; apaavR^ita pura dvaaraam= with its city-gates laid open; arakSitaam= without any defenders; aprahR^iSTa balaam= denuded of its happy army; shuunyaam= plunged in desolation; viSamasthaam= abiding in difficulties; anaavR^itaam= and exposed; viSakR^itaan bhakSaamiva= like poisoned food.

"Without guards to watch over its ramparts, with its unrestrained horses and elephants, with its city-gates laid open, without any defenders, denuded of its happy army, plunged in desolation in difficulties and exposed, that royal capital of Ayodhya will be shunned like poisoned food even by the enemies."

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adya prabhR^iti bhuumau tu shayiShye aham tR^iNeShu vaa |
phala muula ashano nityam jaTaa ciiraaNi dhaarayan || 2-88-26

26. adya prabhR^iti= from today; aham= I; shayiSye= shall sleep; shayiSye= shall sleep; bhuumautu= on the earth; tR^iNeSuvaa= or on the grass; dhaarayan= wearing; jaTaachiiraaNi= my locks matted and with robes of bark; nityam= by all means; phalamulaashanaH= living on fruits and roots.

"From today onwards, I shall sleep on the earth or on the grass, with my locks matted, wearing robes of bark and by all means living on fruits and roots."

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tasya artham uttaram kaalam nivatsyaami sukham vane |
tam pratishravam aamucya na asya mithyaa bhaviShyati || 2-88-27

27. uttaram kaalam= for the rest of his exile; tasya artham= on behalf of Rama; nivatsyaami= I shall dwell; sukham= cheerfully; vane= in the forest; aamuchya= discharging; tam= that; pratishravam= promise; (so that); asya= the voews of Rama; nabhaviSyati= shall not have been made; mithyaa= in vain.

"For the rest of his exile, on behalf of Rama, I shall dwell cheerfully in the forest, thereby discharging that promise so that the vows of Rama shall not have been made in vain."

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vasantam bhraatur arthaaya shatrughno maa anuvatsyati |
lakShmaNena saha tu aaryo ayodhyaam paalayiShyati || 2-88-28

28. shatrughnaH= Shatrughna; anuvatsyati= will bear company; maa= with me; vasantam= residing (in the forest); bhraatuH arthaaye= on behalf of Rama; aaryaH= Rama my elder brother; lakSmaNena saha= along with Lakshamana; paalayiSyati hi= will protect; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya.

"Shatrughna will bear company with me, residing in the forest on behalf of Rama. My elder brother, Rama along with Lakshmana will protect Ayodhya."

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abhiShekShyanti kaakutstham ayodhyaayaam dvijaatayaH |
api me devataaH kuryur imam satyam mano ratham |
prasaadyamaanaH shirasaa mayaa svayam |
bahu prakaaram yadi na prapatsyate || 2-88-29

29. dvijaatayaH= by brahmanas the twice-born; kaakutthsam= Rama; abhishekSyanti= will eb enthroned; ayodhyaayaam= in Ayodhya; devataaH= May the gods; apikuryuH= grant; imam= that; me= my; manoratham= desire; satyam= (be made) a reality.

"Rama will be enthroned in ayodhya, by Brahmanas the Twice-born! May the gods grant that my desire be made a reality."

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tatonruvatsayaami chiraaya raaghavam |
vanecharam nahruti maamrupekshitrum || 2-88-30

30. na prapatsyate yadi= should Rama not accept; prasaadyamaanaH= the appeals; shirasaa= respectfully (bowing my head); bahuprakaaram= (made) in many ways; mayaa= by me; anuvatsyaami= I shall follow; raaghava= Rama; chiraaya= for any length of tiem; vane charam= he roams about in the forest; tataH= thereafter; naarhati= He ought not; upakSitum= to disregard; maam= me.

"Should Rama not accept the respectful appeals made in many a way by me, I shall follow the foot steps of Rama for any length of time he roams about in the forest thereafter. He ought not to refuse this grace to me."

 

ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe aSTaashiititamaH sargaH

Thus completes 88th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 88

 

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Sarga 88 in English Prose

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February 2004, K. M. K. Murthy