Chapter [Sarga] 87

Introduction

Hearing Guha's words about Rama, Bharata fell unconscious. Bharata eases himself thereafter and asks Guha to report further details about Rama. Guha informs that eventhough he offered various kinds of flood to Rama, the latter refused it. He adds that Rama Seetha and Lakshmana observed fasting for that night. Guha also informs Bharata that Lakshmana laid a bed of grass for Rama as well as Seetha to sleep theron and Lakshmana stood guarding Rama during the night, along with Guha and his kinsmen.


Verse Locator

guhSy vcnm! uTva -rtae -&zm! Aiym!,
Xyanm! jgam t @v y tt! utm! Aiym!. 2871

1. shrutvaa= hearing; bhR^isham the most; apriyam= disagreeable; vachanam= words; gahasya= of guha; bharataH= Bharata; jagaama= got; dhyaanam= into contemplation; tatraiva= directing his mind on Rama; yatra= of whom; tam= those; apriyam= unpleasant words; shrutam= were heard.

Hearing those most disagreeable words from Guha, Bharata began to think deeply, directing his mind on Rama, of whom those unpleasant words were heard.

Verse Locator

sukmarae mha sv> isMh SkNxae mha -uj>,
pu{frIk ivzal A]> t[> iy dzRn>. 2872
TyaSy mutRm! tu kalm! prm mRna>,
ppat shsa taeEr id iv #v ip>. 2873

2,3. sukumaaraH= that gentle; mahaasattvaH= extremely courageous; mahaabhujaH= and the mighty armed; taruNaH= young prince; simhaskandhaH= whose shoulders resembled a lion's; puN^Dariika vishaalaakshhaH= his large eyes opening like a lotus in flowering; priyadarshanaH= having pleasing appearance; muhuurtakaalam tu= mometarily; pratyaashvasya= sighed; paramadurmanaaH and in his extreme anguish; papaata= sank to the ground; sahasaa= suddenly; dvipaH iva= like an elephant; atividdhaH= that has been wounded in the heart; totraiH= with goads.

That gentle, extremely courageous and the mighty armed young prince, whose shoulders resembled a lion's his large eyes opening like a flowering lotus and having pleasing appearance, momentarily sighed and in his extreme anguish, sank to the ground suddenly like an elephant that has been wounded in the heart with goads.

Verse Locator

-rtm! muC#Rtm! Ԃva ivv[Rvdnae guh>,
b-Uv VyiwtSt -UimkMpe ywa Ԃm>. 2874

4. dR^iSTvaa= seeing; bharatam= Bharata; muurchhitam= unconscious; guhaH= Guha; vivarNavadanaH= growing pale; babhuuva= became; vyathitaH= shaken; tatra= there; yathaa drumaH= like a tree; bhuumikampe= during an earth-quake.

Seeing Bharata unconscious, Guha growing pale, shook like a tree during an earthquake.

Verse Locator

td AvSwm! tu -rtm! zuae AnNtr iSwt>,
pir:vJy raed %Er ivsMJn> zaek kizRt>. 2875

5. shatrughnaH= Shatrughna; anantara sthitaH= who stood near; pariSvajya= taking in his arms; bharatam= Bharata; tadavastham= who was in that stae; visamjJNaH= becoming non-pulsed; ruroda= cried; uchchaiH= loudly; shokakarshitaH= overcome with grief."

Shatrughna, who stood near, taking Bharata, who was in that unconscious state in his arms, becoming non-pulsed, cried loudly, overcome as he was with grief.

Verse Locator

tt> svaR> smapetur matrae -rtSy ta>,
%pvas kza dIna -t&R Vysn kizRta>. 2876

6. tataH= then; sarvaaH= all; taaH= those; bharatasya= Bharata's maataraH= mothers; uparaashakR^ishaaH= emaciated through fasting; dinnaaH= extremely wretched; bhartR^ivyasena karshitaaH= being unable to find consolation for the sad end of their lord; samaapetaH= rushed (towards Bharata).

Then, all the queens, emaciated through fasting, extremely miserable, being unable to find consolation for the sad end of their lord, rushed towards Bharata.

Verse Locator

ta> c tm! pittm! -UmaE dNTy> pyRvaryn!,
kaEsLya tu Anus&Ty @nm! mRna> pir;Svje. 2877

7. taashcha= all of them; rudatyaH= sobbing paryavaarayan= surrounded; tam= Bharata; patitam= who fell; bhuumau= on the ground; kausalyaaH tu= Kausalya on her part; durmanaaH= torn with grief; anusR^itya= ebnding over; enam= him; parishhasvaje= embraced him.

All of them, sobbing, surrounded Bharata who fell on the ground. Kausalya on her part, torn with grief and bending over him, embraced him.

Verse Locator

vTsla Svm! ywa vTsm! %pgU tpiSvnI,
pirpGCA -rtm! dNtI zaek lalsa. 2878

8. vatsalaa= the affectionate Kausalya; shoka laalasaa= agitated with grief; tapasvinii= and looking miserable; upaguuhya= pressing him to her bossom; vatsam yathaa= as to a calf; svam= by its own mother-cow; paripaprachchha= questioned; bharatam= Bharata ( in the following words)

That affectionate Kausalya, agitated as she was with grief and looking miserable, pressing him to her bosom as a cow its own calf, questioned Bharata (in the following words)

Verse Locator

pu Vyaixr n te kit! zrIrm! pirbaxte,
A* raj klSy ASy Tvd AxInm! ih jIivtm!. 2879

9. putra= O, son!; kachchit vyaadhi na paribaadhate= I hope that no ailment afflicts; te shariiram= your body; adya= now; jiivitam= the life; asya= of this; raajaknlasya= royal race; tvadadhiinam hi= is indeed dependent on you.

"O, son! I hope that no ailment afflicts your body. Now, the life of this royal race is indeed dependent on you."

Verse Locator

Tvam! va pu jIvaim rame sat&ke gte,
v&e dzrwe raiJn naw @k> Tvm! A* n>. 28710

10. putra= O, son!; raame= Rama; sa bhraatR^ike= along with his brother Lakshmana; gate= hoas gone (to the forest); raajJNi= the king; dasharathe= Dasaratha; vR^iSTvaa= looking on you; tvam= you; ekaH= alone; naathaH= are the protector; naH= for us; adya= now.

"O, son! Rama along with Lakshman has gone to the forest. The king Dasaratha is dead. I survive, looking on you. Now, you alone are the protector for us."

Verse Locator

kin! n lm[e pu utm! te ikiMcd Aiym!,
pu va ! @kpuaya> sh -ayeR vnm! gte. 28711

11. putra= O, son!; kachchit= na shrutam= I hope it is not heard; te= by you; kimchit= any; apriyam= unpleasnt news; lakshmaNe= about Lakshman; putre vaa= or about Rama my son; eka putraayaaH= my only son; gate= who left; vanam= for the forest; sahabhaarye= along with his wife.

"I hope you have not heard any unpleasant news about Lakshmana or about Rama my one and the only son who left for the forest along with his wife."

Verse Locator

s mutRm! smaSy d! @v mha yza>,
kaEsLyam! pirsaNTVy #dm! guhm! vcnm! AvIt!. 28712

12. saH= that Bharata; mahaa yashaaH= of great renown; samaashvasya= easing himself well; muhuurtam- within a moment; parisaantvya= consoled; kausalyaam= kausalya; rudanneva= and while still weaping; abraviit= spoke; idam= these vachanam= words; guham= to Guha.

Bharata of great renown, easing himself well within a moment, consoled Kausalya and while still weeping, spoke to Guha (as follows)

Verse Locator

ata me Kv Avsd raim! Kv sIta Kv c lm[>,
ASvpt! zyne kiSmn! ikm! -uva guh zMs me. 28713

13. guha= O, Guha!; kva= where; me bhraataa= did my brother; avasat= halt; raatrau= in the night?; kva= where; siitaa= did Seetha (half in the night)?; kva= where; lakshhmaNaH cha= did Lakshmana (halt in the night)?; bhuktvaa= eating; kim= what; kasmin= and on which; shayane= couch; asvapat= did he repose?; shamasa= tell; me= me.

"O, guha! Tell me where did Rama my brother as also Seetha and Lakshmana halt in the night? On what couch and eating what, did he repose?

Verse Locator

sae AvId -rtm! p&ae in;ad Aixpitr guh>,
yd ivxm! itpede c rame iy ihte AitwaE. 28714

14. saH guhaH= that Guha; nishhaadaadhipatiH= the Lord of Nishadas; hR^iSTaH= thrilling with rapture; abraviit= spoke; bharatam= to Bharata; yadvidham= about the manner in which; pratipade= he arranged for (feeding and reposing) priya hite= his beloved and kind; atithau= guest; raame= Rama.

Guha, the Lord of Nishadas, thrilling with rapture, spoke to Bharata about the manner in which he made arrangements for (feeding and reposing) his beloved and kind guest, Rama.

Verse Locator

Am! % Avcm! -ya> )lain ivivxain c,
ramay A_yvhar AwRm! b c %ptm! mya. 28715

15. annam= food; uchchaavacham= of various kinds; bhakshhaaH= drinks; vividhaani= and different variets; phalaani cha= of fruits; upahR^itam= were brought; bahu= repeatedly; mayaa= by me; raamaaya= to the presence of Rama; abhyavahaaraartham= for the purpose of his consumption.

"Various kinds of food and drink and different varieties of fruits were brought repeatedly by me to the presence of Rama for the purpose of his consumption."

Verse Locator

tt! svRm! TynuJnasId ram> sTy pram>,
n ih tt! Tyg&at! s ] xmRm! AnuSmrn!. 28716

16. raamaH= Rama; satya paraakramaH= the truely courageous man; pratyannjJNaasiit= refused; tatsarvam= all of them; anusmaran= and remembering; kSatradharmam= his warrior's duty; saH= he; na tu pratyagR^ihNaat= could not accept; tat= it.

Rama, the truly courageous man, refused all of them. Reminding himself of his warrior's statute, he could not accept it.

Verse Locator

n ! ASmai-> itam! soe deym! tu svRda,
#it ten vym! raj! AnunIta mhaTmna. 28717

17. raajan= O, Bharata!; vayam= we; anuniitaaH= were pacified; tena= by that; mahaatmanaa= high-souled Rama; iti= saying thus; 'sakhe= O, friend!; na pratigraahyam= nothing should be received; deyam= but be given; saradaa= always; asmaabhiH= by us.

"O, Bharata! We were pacified by that high-souled Rama by saying thus: ' O, friend! We are not allowed to receive anything we must always be givers."

Verse Locator

lm[en smanItm! pITva vair mha yza>,
AaEpvaSym! tda Aka;IRd ra"v> sh sItya. 28718

18. raaghavaH= Rama; mahaayashaH= of great glory; tadaa= then; siitayaasaha= along with Seetha; piitvaa= drank; vaari= the water; samaaniitam= brought; lakshmaNena= by Lakshmana; akaarshhit= and pulled himself; oupavaasyam= to fasting.

"Rama, of great glory, then along with Seetha drank the water brought by Lakshman as observed fasting."

Verse Locator

tt> tu jl ze;e[ lm[ae APy! Akraet! tda,
vag! yta> te y> sMXyam! %past smaihta>. 28719

19. tataH= thereafter; tadaa= at that time; lakSmaNo.api= Lakshmana also; akarot= drank; jalasheSeNa= the remainder of water; te trayaH= and those three; samupaasata= practised; vaagyataaH= silence; samhitaa= together; sandhyaam= in that evening-twillight

"Thereafter Lakshmana also drank the left-over water and those three practised silence together in that evening-twilight.

Verse Locator

saEimi> tu tt> pad Akraet! SvaStrm! zu-m!,
Svym! AanIy bhIRiM; i]m! ra"v kar[at!. 28720

20. tataH pashchaat= thereafter; saumitristu= Lakshmana; svayam= personally; aaniiya= brought; barhiimshi= a layer of Kusa grass; akarot= and arranged; shubham= a suitably; svaastaram= good bed; raaghava; kaaraNaat= for Rama; kSipram= immediately.

"Lakshmana then personally brought a layer of Kusa grass and arranged a fittingly nice bed with it for Rama immediately."

Verse Locator

tiSmn! smaivzd ram> SvaStre sh sItya,
]aLy c tyae> pada Apcam lm[>. 28721

21. raamaH= Rama; siitayaa saha= along with Seetha; samaavishat= settled dwon on; tasmin= that; svaastare= bed; prakSaalaya= after washing; tayoH= their; paadau= feet; lakShmaNaH= Lakshmana; apachakraama= wnet away to a distance.

"Rama, along with Seetha, settled down on that bed. After washing their feet, Lakshmana went away to a distance."

Verse Locator

@tt! td #NgudI mUlm! #dm! @v c tt! t&[m!,
yiSmn! ram> c sIta c raim! tam! ziyta %-aE. 28722

22. etat= here; tat= at that; ingudii muulam= foot of Ingudi Tree; idameva= on just this; tR^iNamcha= grass; yasmin= on which; ubhau= both; raamashcha= Rama and; siitaa= Seetha; shayitau= slept; taam raatrim= that night.

"Here at this fort of Ingndi Tree, on just this grass, on which both Rama and Seetha slept that night."

Verse Locator

inyMy p&e tu tl ANguilvan!,
zrE> supU[aR% #;uxI prm! tp>,
mhd xnu> sJym! %pae lm[ae,
inzam! Aitt! pirtae ASy kevlm!. 28723

23. lakSmaNaH= Lakshman; paramtapaH= who torments his enemy; talaanguliitravaan= wearing a glove of Goha skin; niyamya= strapping; pR^iSThe= on his back; iSudhii= quivers; supuurNau= full of; sharaiH= arrows; upohya= and wielding; mahat= a great; dhanuH= bow; sajyam= with string; atiSThat kevalam= remained walking alone; paritaH= round; asya= Rama; nishaam= during the night.

"Lakshmana, the scourge of his foe, wearing a glove of goha skin, strapping two quivers full of arrows on either side of his back and wielding a great stringed bow, remained on his part walking round Rama during that night."

Verse Locator

tt> tu Ahm! c %m ba[ capx&k,
iSwtae A-vm! t s y lm[>,
AtiNi-r Jnaiti-r Aa kamuRkEr,
mha #N kLpm! pirpalyM> tda. 28724

24. tataH= thereafter; ahamtu= I on my part; tadaa= at that time; uttama baaNa chaapa dhR^it= wearing excellent arrows and a bow; jN^aatibhiH= along with my kinsment; atandribhiH= who were free from lassitude; aatta kaarmukaiH= and carrying bows; abhavam= becoming; sthitaH= remained; tatra= there; yatra= where; lakSmanaH= Lakshama; paripaalayan= was guarding mahendra kalpam= Rama; who vied with Indra.

"Wearing excellent arrows and a bow along with my vigilant kinsmen carrying their bows, I on my part remained near Lakshman, who was guarding Rama who vied with Indra the Lord of celestials."

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe sazIittm> sgR

Thus completes 87th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 87

 

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Sarga 87 in English Prose

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January 2004, K. M. K. Murthy