Chapter [Sarga] 77


On the twelfth day of the death of Dasaratha, Bharata gives various presents to Brahmans. On the thirteenth day when Bharata and Shatrughna go to the cremation ground to collect the bones both of them are overwhelmed with grief and fall down on the ground. Vasista, the family priest and Sumantra raise them up and pacifying urge both of them to complete the remaining rites to be performed on the thirteenth day.

Verse Locator

tt> dz Ahe Aitgte kt zaEcae n&p AaTmj>,
adze Ahin sMae a kmaRi[ Akaryt!. 2771

1. tataH= thereafter; atigate= having passed; dashaahe=the tenth day; kR^ita nR^paatmajaH shouchaH= Bharata, who performed purification; akaarayat= got done; shraaddha karmaaNi= Shraddha* rites; sampaapte= on the arrival of; dvaadase= twelfth; ahani= day.

After having passed the tenth day of the death of Dasaratha, Bharata having himself purified, performed Shraddha* rites on the arrival of the twelfth day.

* Shraddha rites are in the honor and for the benefit of dead relatives observed with great strictness at various fixed periods and on the occasion of rejoicing as well as mourning by the surviving relatives. These are performed by the daily offering of water and on the stated occasion by the offering of Pindas or balls of rice and meal to three paternal forefathers i.e. Father, grandfather, and great grandfather. It is an act of reverential homage to a deceased person performed by relatives, most desirably by a son of the deceased.

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a[e_yae ddaE rm! xnm! Am! c pu:klm!,
vasaiMs c mhahaRi[ rain ivivxain c. 2772

2. (Bharata) dadou=gave; ratnam= precious stones; dhanam= money; pushhkalam= a lot of; annam= cooked rice; mahaarhaaNi= very valuable; vaasaamsi= clothes; vividhaani= various kinds of ; ratnaani= presents; braahmaNebhyaH= to brahmans.

On the occasion of Shraddha rites, Bharata gave precious stones, money, a lot of cooked rice, very valuable clothes and various other kinds of presents to Brahmans.

Verse Locator

baiStkm! b zum! c ga> c Aip ztz> twa,
dasI dasm! c yanm! c veZmain sumhaiNt c. 2773
a[e_yae ddaE pu> ra}> tSy AaEXvRdEihkm!,

3. tasya= in that; ourdhvadehikam= ceremony performed in honor of the dead; raajN^aH= king; putraH= Bharata the son of Dasaratha; dadou= gave; bahu= many; shuklam= white; baastikam= multitudes of goats; tathaa= and; shatashaH= hundreds of ; gaashchaapi= cows; daasii daasamcha= servants and servant maids; yaanaamcha= vehicles; sumahaanti= and very big; veshmaanicha= houses; braahmaNebhyaH= to brahmans.

In that ceremony performed in honor of the dead king, Bharata the son of Dasaratha gave multitudes of white goats, hundreds of cows, servants and servant maids, vehicles and very big houses to Brahmans.

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tt> -at smye idvse Aw yaedze. 2774
ivllap mha bar -rt> zaek mUicRt>,
zBd Aipiht k{Q> c zaexn AwRm! %pagt>. 2775
icta mUle iptur vaKym! #dm! Aah suhiot>,

4, 5. tataH= then; prabhaata samaye= at the time of dawn; trayodashe= on the thirteenth; divase= day; mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; bharataH= Bharata; upaagataH= who came; shodanaartham= for clearing up bones and ashes; atha= thereafter; vilalaapa= wept; shokamuurchhitaH= stunned by grief; shabdaapihitakaN^ThaH= his throat being choked; aha= spoke; idam vaakyam= these words; suduHkhitah= greatly distressed as he was; chitaamuule= having reached the foot of his fathers funeral pile (to collect the bones and ashes for their immersion in the holy Sarayu river.)

Then, at the time of dawn on the thirteenth day, the mighty armed Bharata who came for clearing up bones and ashes, wept in grief, his throat being choked of sound (because of crying) and spoke in great distress the following words, having reached the foot of his fathers funeral pile (to collect the bones and ashes for their immersion in Sarayu River).

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tat yiSmn! in;&> Ahm! Tvya atir ra"ve. 2776
tiSmn! vnm! ijte zUNye Ty> ASMy! Ahm! Tvya,

6. taata= O, father! Yasmin= to which; bhraatari= brother; raaghave= Rama; aham=I; nisR^ishhTaH= have been entrusted; tvayaa= by you; tasmin= that Rama; pravrajite= having gone to exile; vanam= forest; aham= I; asmi= became; tyaktaH= abandoned; shuunye= wholly alone; tvayaa= by you.

O, father! My brother Rama to whose care I was entrusted by you, having gone on exile to the forest, I now become abandoned wholly alone, by you.

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ywa gitr Anawaya> pu> aijt> vnm!. 2777
tam! AMbam! tat kaEsLyam! Tyva Tvm! Kv gt> n&p,

7. nR^ipa= O, king!; taata= O, father! kva= where; gataH= where you have gone; tyaktvaa= leaving; kausalyaam= Kausalya; taam= such; ambaam= a mother; yasyaaH= whose; putraH= son; gatiH= the support; pravraajitah= has been sent away from home; vanam= the forest?

O, king! O, father! Where have you gone, leaving Kausalya the mother whose son Rama, her support, has been sent away from home to the forest?

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va -Sm A[m! tc! c dGx AiSw Swan m{flm!. 2778
iptu> zrIr invaR[m! innn! iv;sad h,

8. dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; tat= that; sthaanamaN^Dalam=spot of collection; bhasmaaruNam= which became reddish brown in colour because of ashes; dagdhaasthi= with bones consumed by fire; pituH= and his fathers; shariira nirvaaNam= body extinguished; saH= BharataH; vishhasaada= was depressed; nishhTanan= and began to cry loudly.

Seeing that spot of collection (of bones), which became reddish brown in colour because of ashes, with bones consumed by fire and his fathers body having extinguished, Bharata was depressed and began to cry loudly.

Verse Locator

s tu va dn! dIn> ppat xr[I tle. 2779
%TwaPyman> zSy y XvjEv Cyut>,

9. diinaH= miserable as he was; dR^IshhTvaa= to see; (the spot); saH tu= that Bharata; papaata= fell; rudan= weeping; dharaNiitale= on the ground; yantradhvajaH iva= as a flagstaff fastened by any mechanical contrivance, chyutaH= would drop; utthaapyamaanaH= while being raised; shakrasya= in honor of Indra the god of celestials.

Miserable as he was to see the spot, Bharata fell weeping on the ground, as a flag staff fastened by any mechanical contrivance would drop down while being raised in honor of Indra the god of celestials.

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Ai-petus! tt> sveR tSy AmaTya> zuic tm!. 27710
ANt kale inpittm! yyaitm! \;yae ywa,

10. tataH= then; sarve= all; tasya amaatyaaH= his ministers; abhipetuH=quickly approached Bharata; shuchivratam= virtuous in conduct; R^ishhayo yathaa= as sages; (rushed to) nipatitam= the fallen; yayaatim= Yayati; antakaale= at the time of his death.

All his ministers hastily approached Bharata who was virtuous in conduct, as sages once rushed to the fallen Yayati at the time of his death.

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zu> c Aip -rtm! va zaek pirPlutm!. 27711
ivsM}ae Nyptt! -UmaE -Uim palm! AnuSmrn!,

11. dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; bharatam= Bharata; shatrughnashohaapi= Shatrughna also; shokapariplutaH= was overwhelmed with grief; anusmaran= and while recollecting; bhuumipaalam= the king; nyapatat= fell; bhuumou= on the ground; visamj^NaH= unconsciously.

Seeing Bharata, Shatrughna was also overwhelmed with grief and while recollecting the king, fell unconscious on the ground.

Verse Locator

%NmEv ineta ivllap suhiot>. 27712
Sm&Tva iptur gu[ ANgain tin tain tda tda,

12. smR^ityaa= Remembering of; taani taani= many; guNaaN^gaani= acts resulting from good qualities; pituH= of his father; tathaa tathaa= at different times; vilalaapa= he was lamenting wildly; (as follows) unmattaH= like one who has lost his wits; nishchetaaH= bewildered as he was; suduHkhitaH= and very much afflicted with grief.

Remembering the many gestures of his father resulting from his loving qualities made from time to time, Shatrughna was lamenting (as follows) like one who has lost his wits, bewildered as he was.

Verse Locator

mNwra -v> tI> kEkeyI ah sMkl>. 27713
vr danmyae A]ae_yae Amyt! zaek sagr>,

13. (we were) amajjayat= immersed; shokasaagaraH= in an ocean of sorrow; tiivra= which was violent; akshhobhyaH= and appalling; mantharaaprabhavaH= invoked by Manthara; kaikeyii graahasamkulaH= in which Kaikeyi; in the form of a crocodile; varadaanamayaH= swam in its current the boons; (granted by my father in favor of Kaikeyi)

We are immersed in a violent and appalling ocean of sorrow invoked by Mandhara, in which Kaikeyi in the form of a crocodile swam in its current the irrevocable boons granted to her by my father.

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sukmarm! c balm! c sttm! lailtm! Tvya. 27714
Kv tat -rtm! ihTva ivlpNtm! gt> -van!,

14. taata= O, father! Kva= where; bhavaan gataH= have you gone; hitvaa= leaving; bharatam= Bharata; baalamcha= your boy; laalitam=caressed; satatam=always; tvayaa=by you; vilapantam=and lamenting.

O, father! Where have you gone leaving the lamenting Bharata, your boy always being caressed by you.

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nnu -aeJye;u pane;u ve:v! Aa-r[e;u c. 27715
varyis n> svaRMs! tn! n> kae A* kir:yit,

15. pravaarayasi nanu= you used to fulfill the wishes; maH savaan= of all of us; bhojyeshhu= in the matter of eatables; paaneshhu= drinks; vastreshhu= clothes; aabharaNeshhu cha= and jewels; kaH= who; anyaH= else; karishhyati= will do; tat= it; naH= for us?

You used to fulfill the wishes of all of us, in the matter of eatables, drinks, clothes, and jewels. Who else will do it (now) for us.

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Avdar[ kale tu p&iwvI n AvdIyRte. 27716
ivhIna ya Tvya ra}a xmR}en mhaTmna,

16. pR^ithivii= that earth; yaa= which; vihiinaa= is deprived; tvayaa= of you; dharmajN^ena= who knew the righteousness; mahaatmanaa= a high soled man; raajN^aa= and a king; naavadiiryate= is not riven; avadiiraNakaale= even when it is time to be riven.

That earth which is deprived of you, the high soled and righteous king, is not riven even when it is the time to be riven.

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iptir SvgRm! Aape rame c Ar{ym! Aaite. 27717
ikm! me jIivt samWyRm! veyaim t Aznm!,

17. pitari= the father; aapanne= having obtained; svargam= heaven; raamecha= and Rama; aashrite= having taken refuge; araNyam= in a forest; kim= what is; jiivita saamarthyam= the significance of life; me= for me? pravekshhyaami= I shall enter; hutaashanam= a fire.

The father having obtained heaven and Rama having taken refuge in a forest, what is the significance of life for me? I shall enter a fire.

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hInae aa c ipa c zUNyam! #vak pailtam!. 27718
AyaeXyam! n veyaim veyaim tpae vnm!,

18. hiinaH= bereft of; bhraatraa= my brother; pitraacha= and father; na pravekshhyaami= I can not return to; shuunyaam= the deserted; ayodhaam= Ayodhya; ikshhvaakupaalitaam= where Ikshvaku used to reign; pravekshhyaami= I shall retire to; tapovanam= a hermitage.

Bereft of my brother and father, I can not return to the deserted city of Ayodhya, where Ikshvaku used to reign. I shall retire to a hermitage.

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tyae> ivliptm! uTva Vysnm! c ANvvey tt!. 27719
-&zm! AatRtra -Uy> svR@v Anugaimn>,

19. shrutvaa= hearing; vilapitam= the lamentation; tayoH= of them both; anvavekshhya= and beholding; tat= that; vyasanam= misfortune; sarve= all; anugaaminaH= their companions; bhuuyaH= once again; aarta taraaH= were disturbed; bhR^isham= very much.

Hearing the lamentation of both of them and beholding their plight, all their companions were disturbed very much, once again.

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tt> iv;{[aE aNtaE c zu -rtav! %-aE. 27720
xr{yam! sMVyceetam! - z&Ngav! #v \;-aE,

20. tataH= thereafter; ubhau= both; shatrughna bharatou= Shatrughna and Bharata; shraantoucha= were wearied; vishhaNNou= with grief; samvyaveshTetaam= and began to roll; dharaN^yaam= on the ground;R^ishhabhou iva= like two bulls; bhagnashR^iN^gou= having their horns broken.

Both Shatrughna, and Bharata were wearied with grief and began to roll on the ground, like two bulls whose horns have been broken.

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tt> kitman! vE*> iptur @;am! puraeiht>. 27721
visae -rtm! vaKym! %TwaPy tm! %vac h,

21. tataH= then; vasishhTah=Vasista; prakR^itimaan= a noble natured man; vaidyaH= a family priest; eshhaam= of their; pituH= father; utthaaapya= after raising up; tam= that; bharatam=Bharata; uvaacha ha= spoke; vaakyam= (the following) words.

Then, Vasista, a noble man, a learned man and the family priest of their father, raised up that Bharata from the ground and spoke the following words:

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yaedzae=ym! idvs> iptuv&RSy te iv-ae. 27722
savze;aiSwincye ikimh Tvm! ivlMbse,

22. vibho= O, lord Bharata! Ayam= this; trayodashaH= is the thirteenth; divasaH= day; vR^ittasya= of the death; te pituH= of your father; kim= why; tvam= are you; vilambase= hanging down; iha= here; saava sheshha asthi nichaye= when the ceremony of collecting the bones is still remaining.

O, Lord Bharata! This is the thirteenth day of the death of your father. Why are you hanging down here, when the ceremony of collecting the bones is still unfinished?

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Ii[ Nain -Ute;u v&ain Aivze;t>. 27723
te;u c ApirhayeR;u n @vm! -ivtum! AhRit,

23. triiNi= the three; dvandvaani= pairs of opposites (namely hunger and thirst, joy and sorrow, birth and death) ; pravR^ittaani= occur; bhuuteshhu= living beings; avisheshhataH= without any distinction; teshhu= they; aparihaaryeshhu= being inevitable; naarhasi= you ought not; bhavitum= to behave; evam= like this.

The three pairs of opposites (namely hunger and thirst, joy and sorrow; birth and death) occur to all living beings without any distinction. They being inevitable, you ought not to behave like this.

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sum> c Aip zum! %TwaPy Ai-sa* c. 27724
avyam! Aas tv}> svR -Ut -v A-vaE,

24. sumantrashchaapi= even Sumantra; tattvajN^aH= who knew the truth; utthaapya= raising up; shatrughnam= Satrughna; abhiprasaadyacha= and pacifying him; shraavayaamaasa= told him; sarvabhuuta bhavaabhavam= about the origin and dissolution of all beings.

Even Sumantra, who knew the Truth, raising up Shatrughna and pacifying him, told him about the origin and dissolution of all beings.

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%iTwtaE taE nr VyaaE kazete yziSvnaE. 27725
v;R Aatp piriaE p&wg! #N Xvjav! #v,

25. yashasvinou=the two illustrious; naravyaaghrou= tigers among men; utthitou= who had got up; prakaashete= appeared; pR^ithak indradhvajaaviva= like two banners severally raised in honor of Indra; varshhaatapa pariglaanou= soiled through rain and sun.

The two illustrious tigers among men (Bharata and Satrughna) who had got up, appeared like two banners severally raised in honor of Indra (the god of celestials) soiled through rain and the sun.

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AUi[ pirm&NtaE r A]aE dIn -ai;[aE. 27726
AmaTya> TvryiNt Sm tnyaE c Apra> iya>,

26. amaatyaaH= the ministers; tvarayantisma= hurried up; tanaou= the princes; parimR^idnantou= who were wiping; ashruuNi= their tears; raktaakshhou= their eyes reddened; diina bhaashhiNou= and who were talking pitiably; aparaaH kriyaaH= to expedite the other rites pertaining to the thirteenth day.

The ministers hurried up the princes, who were wiping their tears and who were talking pitiably with their eyes reddened (due to excessive weeping) to expedite the other rites pertaining to the thirteenth day.


#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe ssittm> sgR

Thus completes 77th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 77


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Sarga 77 in English Prose


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April 2003, K. M. K. Murthy