Chapter [Sarga] 76

Introduction

Vasistha advises Bharata to stop lamenting and to perform the last rites of the king. Bharata then places the body of Dasaratha on a couch, taking it out from the vessel where it had been immersed in oil and proceeds with the funeral rites. The appointed priests, attendants, people of the city and the weeping royal women followed the funeral pile of the king to the banks of Sarayu River where the body was cremated. Bharata along with others return to the city after the completion of the cremation-ceremony.


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tm! @vm! zaek sMtm! -rtm! kekyI sutm!,
%vac vdtam! eae vis> e vag! \i;>. 2761

1. vasishhThaH R^ishhiH= the sage Vasishta; shreshhThaH= the excellent; vadataam= among the speakers; shreshhThavaak= having eloquence; uvaacha= spoke; tam bharatam= to that Bharata; Kaikeyi sutam= the son of Kaikeyi; evam= who was thus; shokatamtaptam= tormented with grief.

The sage Vasishta, the excellent one among the speakers having eloquence, spoke to that Bharata, Kaikeyis son who was thus tormented with grief.

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Alm! zaeken -m! te raj pu mha yz>,
a kalm! nr pte> k sMyanm! %rm!. 2762

2. raajaputra= O, the prince; mahaayashaH= the greatly illustrious one! bhadram= blessing; te= to you! aalam= enough; shokena= of your sorrow; kuru= perform; uttamam= in an excellent; samyaanam=way; praaptakaalam= the last rites; narapateH= of the king.

O, the greatly illustrious prince! My blessing to you. You have lamented long enough. Perform in an excellent way, the last rites of the king.

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visSy vc> uTva -rt> xar[am! gt>,
et kayaRi[ svaRi[ karyam! Aas xmRivt!. 2763

3. shrutvaa= hearing; vachaH= the words; vasishhThasya= of Vasishta; bharataH= Bharata; dharmavit= conversant with his duty; gataH= fell; dharaNiim= prostate; kaarayaamaasa= and proceeded; sarvaaNi= with all; pretakaaryaaNi= the arrangements for obsequies.

Hearing the words of Vasishta, Bharata conversant with his duty fell prostate and proceeded with all the arrangements for the obsequies.

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%ϯtm! tEl sMedat! s tu -UmaE inveiztm!,
AapIt v[R vdnm! sum! #v -Uimpm!. 2764
sMveZy zyne c A!(e nana r pir:kte,
tt> dzrwm! pu> ivllap suhiot>. 2765

4, 5. uddharitam= raising; bhuumipam= the body of the king; dasharatham= Dasaratha; bhuumou= from the place; taila samrodhaat niveshitam= where it had been immersed in oil; prasuptam iva= seeming as it were asleep; aapiita vadanam=with face in the color of gold; saH putraH= that son; (Bharata);samveshya= placed it; agrye= in a magnificent; shayane= couch; naanaaratnaparishhkR^ite= adorned with energy kind of precious stone; tatah= and thereafter; suduHkhitaH= in a great grief; vilalaapa= lamented (as follows):

Raising the body of king Dasaratha, from the vessel where it had been immersed in oil, seeming as it were asleep with face in the color of gold, that son Bharata placed it in a magnificent couch, adorned with every kind of precious stone and in a great grief, lamented.(as follows):

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ikm! te Vyvistm! rajn! aei;te mYy! Anagte,
ivvaSy ramm! xmR}m! lm[m! c mha blm!. 2766

6. raajan= O, king! Kim= what; vyavasitam= was intended; te= by you; mayi= while I; proshhite= who was absent from home, anaagate= did not arrive; vivaasya= having sent into exile; dharmajN^am= the virtuous; raamam= Rama; lakshhmaNamcha= and Lakshmana; mahaabalam= possessed of great strength?

O, king! Having sent into exile the virtuous Rama and Lakshmana who is possessed of great strength, while I was away from home and had not yet returned, what did you intend to do?

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Kv yaSyis mha raj ihTva #mm! hiotm! jnm!,
hInm! pu; isMhen rame[ Ai kmR[a. 2767

7. kva=where; yaasyasi= will you go; hitvaa= leaving; imam janam= this person; duHkhitam= who is distressed; hiinam= and bereft; raameNa = of Rama; aklishhTa karmaNaa=who is unwearied in action; purushhasimhena= and excellent among men?

Where will you go, leaving this person (me) who was distressed and bereft of Rama the unwearied one in action and the excellent one among men?

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yaeg ]emm! tu te rajn! kae AiSmn! kLpiyta pure,
Tviy yate Sv> tat rame c vnm! Aaite. 2768

8. taata= O, father! Raajan= O, king! KaH= who; kalpayitaa= is supposed to see; yogakshhemam= the welfare and security; te= of your; asmin= this; pure= city of Ayodhya; tvayi=while you; prayaate=have gone;svaH= to heaven; raamecha=and Rama; aashrite= taking; refuge; vanam= in a forest?

O, king! O, father! Who is supposed to see the welfare and security of your city of Ayodhya, while you have departed for heaven and while Rama has gone, taking refuge in a forest?

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ivxva p&iwvI rajMs! Tvya hIna n rajte,
hIn cNa #v rjnI ngrI it-ait mam!. 2769

9. raajan= O, king; hiinaa= bereft; tvayaa= of you; pR^ithivii=this earth;; vidhavaa= and deprived of its lord; na raajate= does not look charming ;maa= to me; nagarii= this city; pratibhaati= is looking; rajaniiva= like a night; hinachandraa= with out a moon.

O, king! Bereft of you and deprived of its lord, this earth does not look charming. To me, this city is looking like a night without a moon.

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@vm! ivlpmanm! tm! -rtm! dIn mansm!,
AvId vcnm! -Uyae vis> tu mhan! \i;>. 27610

10. mahaamuniH= the great sage; vasishhThaH= Vasishta; bhuuyaH= again; abraviit= spoke; vachanam= these words; tam bharatam = to that bharata; diinamaanasam=who was distressed in mind; evam= thus; vilapamaanam= lamenting.

The great sage Vasishta again spoke the following words to that Bharata who was distressed in mind and thus lamenting.

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et kayaRi[ yain ASy ktRVyain ivzaMpte>,
tain AVym! mha bahae iytam! Aivcairtm!. 27611

11. mahaabaaho= O, mighty armed! Avyagram= without hesitation; avichaaritam= or repining; kriyantaam=carry out ; taami= those; pretakaaryaaNi= funeral rites; asya vishaampate= to this king; yaani= which; kartavyaani= should be done.

O, mighty armed Bharata! Without hesitation or repining, carry out the funeral rites of the king that should be done.

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twa #it -rt> vaKym! visSy Ai-pUJy tt!,
\iTvk puraeiht AacayaRMs! Tvryam! Aas svRz>. 27612

12. tatheti= Be it so; bharataH= Bharata answered; abhipuujya= and obedient; tat vasishhTasya= to that Vasishtas; vaakyam= command; tvarayaamaasa = he summoned speedily; R^itvik purohitaachaaryaan= the appointed priests; knowing the rules of the funeral rites.

Be it so answered Bharata and obedient to Vasishtas command, he summoned speedily the appointed priests who were knowing the rules of the funeral rites."

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ye tu At> nr #NSyai Agarat! bih;! kta>,
\iTviG-r yajkE> cEv te iyNte ywa ivix. 27613

13. ye= which; agnayaH=fires; narendrasya= of that king; bahishhkrutaaH= were prepared outside; agnayagaaraat=the fire chamber; te= those fires; ahriyanta= were kindled; R^itvigbhiH= by the appointed priests; yaajakaashchaiva= and sacrificial attendants; yathaavidhi= in accordance with the rituals.

The fires of that king were prepared outside the chamber and kindled in accordance with the rituals by the priests and the sacrificial attendants.

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iziblayam! Aw AaraePy rajanm! gt cetnm!,
ba:p k{Qa ivmns> tm! ^> pircarka>. 27614

14. atha= thereafter; parichaarakaaH= the attendants; baashhpakaNThaaH=with tears in their throats; vimanasaH= and dejected in mind; aaropya= made to mount; gatachetasam= the dead; raajaanam= king; shibikaayaam= on a small palanquin; uuhuH= and carried; tam= it(away).

The attendants were choked with tears in their throats and disconsolate in their mind, made the dead king to mount on a small palanquin and carried it away.

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ihr{ym! c suv[Rm! c vasaiMs ivivxain c,
ikrNt> jna magRm! n&pter At> yyu>. 27615

15. janaH= the people; yayuH= went along; maargam= the path; prakirantaH= scattering; hiraNyam= silver; suvarNamcha= gold; vividhaani= and many kinds; vaasaamsicha= of clothes; agrataH= in front; nR^ipate= of the king.

The people went along the path, scattering silver, gold and various kinds of clothes in front of the king.

Verse Locator

cNdn Agu inyaRsan! srlm! pkm! twa,
dev dai[ c AaTy ictam! cs! twa Apre. 27616
gNxan! % AvcaM> c ANyaMs! t dva Aw -Uimpm!,
tt> sMvezyam! Aasu> icta mXye tm! \iTvj>. 27617

16. tathaa= in the same manner; apare =some others; aahR^itya= brought; chandanaaguru niryaasaan= sandalwood, sweet aloes, different fragrant essences; saraLam= with heaps of Sarala.Padmaka; devadaaruuNicha= devadaaru wood; anyaan= and other; uchchavaachaan= many kinds; gandhaan= of fragrant substances; gatvaa= went; tatra= there; kshhepayanti= and threw them; atha= thereafter; R^itvijaH= the appointed priests; samveshayaamaasuH= caused to lie down; bhuumipam= the king; tatra= there; chitaamadhye= in the midst of the funeral pile.

In the same manner, some others brought sandal wood, sweet aloes, different fragrant essences, with leaps of Sarala Padmaka and Devadaru woods and many other kinds of fragrant substances, went there and threw them into the funeral pile. Thereafter the appointed priests caused the kings body to lie down there in the midst of the funeral pyre.

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twa t Aznm! Tva jepus! tSy tda \iTvj>,
jgu> c te ywa zam! t samain samga>. 27618

18. tadaa= then; tadR^itvijaH= those appointed priests; tasya= engaged for the bereft of the king; hutvaa= poured oblations; hutaashanam= into the fire; jepuH= and recited sacred texts;(relevant to the funeral rites); te saamagaaH= those among the priests who could recite the hymns of Samaveda; jagushcha= chanted; saamaani= the hymns of Samaveda; yathaa shaastram= according to the rules.

Then, those priests engaged for the benefit of the king poured oblations into the fire and recited sacred texts (relevant to the funeral rites). Those among the priests, who could recite the hymns of Samaveda, chanted them according to the rules.

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izibkai-> c yanE> c ywa AhRm! tSy yaei;t>,
ngran! inyRyus! t v&E> pirv&ta> tda. 27619

19. tadaa= then; tasya=his; yoshhitaH= ladies; parivR^itaaH= encircled; vR^iddaiH= by elders; shibikaabhishcha= (mounted) palanquins; yaanaishcha= or other vehicles; yathaarham= as deserving; niryayuH= departed; naagaraat= from the city; tatra= to that place.

Then, his ladies, encircled by elders mounted palanquins or other vehicles, as deserving and departed from the city to that place.

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sVym! c Aip tm! cr \iTvjae Ai ictm! n&pm!,
iy> c zaek sMta> kaEsLya muoa> tda. 27620

20. tadaa= then; R^itvijaH= the appointed priests; kausalyaapramukhaaH= Kausalya and other; striyashcha= women; shokasamtaptaaH= tormented with grief; prasavyamchaapi chakruH= circumambulated in anti-clockwise direction; tam nR^ipam= that king; agrichitam= who was lying on a funeral pile.

Then, the appointed priests as well as Kausalya and other women who were tormented with grief, circumambulated in anti clockwise direction that king who was lying on a funeral pile.

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aENcInam! #v narI[am! innad> t zuuve,
AataRnam! k[m! kale aezNtInam! shz>. 27621

21. tatra kale= at that time; ninaadaH= the crying sounds; sahasrashaH= of thousands; naariiNaam= of women; karuNam= pitiably; kroshantiinaam= weeping; aartaanaam= with agony; shushruve= were heard; krouN^chiinamiva= like the sounds of female curlew birds.

At that time the crying sounds of thousands of women, pitiably weeping with agony, were heard like the sounds of female curlew birds.

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tt> dNTyae ivvza ivlPy c pun> pun>,
yane_y> sryU tIrm! Avter vr ANgna>. 27622

22. tataH= thereafter; rudantyaH = the lamenting; varaaNganaaH= ladies; vivashaaH= deprived of their grit; vilapya= wept; punaH punaH= again and again; avateruH= and descended; yaanebhyaH= from their vehicles; sarayuu tiiram= at the bank of Sarayu River.

Thereafter, the lamenting ladies deprived of their grit wept again and again and descended from their vehicles at the bank of Sarayu River.

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kt %dkm! te -rten saxRm!,
n&p ANgna mi puraeihta> c,
purm! ivZy Au prIt nea,
-UmaE dz Ahm! VynyNt hom!. 27623

23. bharatena saardham=along with Bharata, nR^ipaaNganaaH= the royal women; te=and those; mantri purohitaashcha= ministers and family priests; kR^tvaa= offered; udakam=(oblations with) water; pravishya=entered; puram= the city; ashrupariitanetraaH=with their eyes filled in tears; vyanayanta= and spent; duHkham= with great difficulty; dashaaham= the ten days; bhuumou= sleeping on the floor.

Along with Bharata, the royal women, the ministers and family priests offered their oblations with water and entered the city with their eyes filled in tears and spent ten days with great difficulty by sleeping on bare floor.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe ;qsittm> sgR

Thus completes 76th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 76

 

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Sarga 76 in English Prose

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March 2003, K. M. K. Murthy