Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Bharata does not find his father in the royal palace and goes to meet his mother. He asks his mother about the whereabouts his father. Kaikeyi informs Bharata about the death of Dasaratha. When Bharata enquired about Rama, Kaikeyi also discloses Rama’s exile to the forest along with Sita and Lakshmana. She also narrates about the two boons she asked the king Dasaratha as well as how the king accepted her boons and sent Rama to exile. She further advises Bharata to meet the chief of Brahmans like Vasista and others to get himself crowned for the kingdom.
apaþyams tu tata× tatra pitaram pitur ˜laye |
jag˜ma bharata× draÿ÷um m˜taram m˜tur ˜laye || 2-72-1
1. tataH= thereafter; bharataH= Bharata; apashyan= not seeing; pitaram= his father; tatra= there; pituH= in his father’s; aalaye= palace; jagaama= went; maatuH= to his mother’s; aalaye= house; drashhTum= to see; maataram= his mother.
Not finding his father there in his father’s palace, Bharata went to his mother’s apartment to see his mother.
anupr˜ptam tu tam d®ÿ÷v˜ kaikeyŸ proÿitam sutam |
utpap˜ta tad˜ h®ÿ÷˜ tyaktv˜ sauvarõa m˜nasam || 2-72-2
2. dR^ishhTvaa= beholding; tam sutam= her son; proshhitam= who was absent from home; anupraaptam= and returned; kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; hR^IshhTaaa= was delighted; tadaa= and then; utpapaata= sprang up; tyaktvaa= leaving; souvarnam= her golden; aasanam= seat.
Beholding his son who was absent from home for long and returned, Kaikeyi was delighted and then sprang up, leaving her golden seat to receive him.
sa praviþya eva dharma ˜tm˜ sva g®ham þrŸ vivarjitam |
bharata× prekÿya jagr˜ha janany˜× caraõau þubhau || 2-72-3
3. saH bharataH= that Bharata; dharmaatmaa= the righteous man; pravishyaiva= soon after entering; svagR^iham = his house; shriivivarjitam= which was devoid of splendor; pratijagraaha= grasped; jananyaaH=his mother’s; shubhou= auspicious; charaNou= feet.
Soon after entering his house, which was devoid of any splendor, Bharata the righteous man, grasped the auspicious feet of his mother in obeisance.
s˜ tam m¨rdhni samup˜ghr˜ya pariÿvajya yaþasvinam |
aðke bharatam ˜ropya praÿ÷um samupacakrame || 2-72-4
4. saa= She; upagraaya= smelled; muurdhaani= on the head; tam bharatam= of that Bharata; yashasvinam= the illustrious man; parishhvajya= embraced him; aaropya= made him to ascend; aNke= on her lap; upachakram= to ask questions.
Kaikeyi smelled (as mark of affection) the head of the illustrious Bharata, embraced him, made him to ascend on her lap and started questions.
adya te katicit r˜trya× cyutasya ˜ryaka veþmana× |
api na adhva þrama× þŸghram rathena ˜patata× tava || 2-72-5
5. katichit= how many; raatryaH= nights ( have passed); adya= till today; te= to you; chutasya= since you have left; aaryakaveshmanaH= your maternal grand father’s house? Apina= Is there no; adhvashramaH= travel fatigue; tava= to you; aapatataH= who came; rathena= in a chariot; shiigrhram= speedily?
“How many days passed since you have left your maternal grand father’s house? Is there no travel fatigue to you, who have come speedily in a chariot?”
˜ryaka× te sukuþalo yudh˜ jin m˜tula× tava |
prav˜s˜c ca sukham putra sarvam me vaktum arhasi || 2-72-6
6. putra= O,son! te= your; aaryakah= grand father; sukushalii= doing well? Tava= your; maatulaH= maternal uncle; yudhaajit= Yudhhajit; (doing well)?; sukham= were you happy; pravaasaat= in being absent from home? Arhasii= be good enough; vaktum= to tell; me= me; sarvam= all.
“O,son! Is your grand father doing well? Is Yudhajit, your maternal uncle doing well? Were you happy in being absent from home ? Be good enough to tell me all?”
evam p®ÿ÷ha× tu kaikeyy˜ priyam p˜rthiva nandana× |
˜caÿ÷a bharata× sarvam m˜tre r˜jŸva locana× || 2-72-7
7. priyam= affectionately; pR^IshhTaH= asked; evam= thus; kaikeyya= by Kaikeyi; raajivaalochanaH = the lotus eyed; paarthivaa nandanaH= prince; bharataH= Bharata; aachashhTa= told; sarvam= all; maatre= to his mother.
Affectionately enquired thus by Kaikeyi, the lotus eyed bharata, the prince, narrated all to his mother.
adya me saptamŸ r˜tri× cyutasya ˜ryaka veþmana× |
amb˜y˜× kuþalŸ t˜ta× yudh˜jin m˜tula× ca me || 2-72-8
8. saptamii= seventh; raatriH= night; me= to me; adya= today; chyutasya= since I left; aryakaveshamanaH= the grand father’s house; ambaayaaH= The mother’s; taataH= father; me= and my; Yudhajit= Yudhajit; kushalii= are well.
“It is seventh day to me today since I left the grand father’s house. Yudhajit, your father as well as my maternal uncle are doing well”
yan me dhanam ca ratnam ca dadau r˜j˜ param tapa× |
pariþr˜ntam pathi abhavat tata× aham p¨rvam ˜gata× || 2-72-9
9. yat= which; dhanamcha= gifts; ratnamcha= and jewels; dadou= were given; me= to me; rajaa= by the king; paramtapaH= who annihilates enemies; abhavat= became; parishraantam= tired; pathi= on the way; puurvam= before; tataH= then; aham= I; aagataH= came.
“Carrying the gifts and jewels, given to me by the king who annihilates enemies my followers became tired on the way and I arrived ahead of them”
r˜ja v˜lya harai× d¨taia× tvaryam˜õo aham ˜gata× |
yad aham praÿ÷um icc˜mi tat amb˜ vaktum arhasi || 2-72-10
10. aham= I; aagataH= came; tvaryamaaNaH= hurriedly; duutaiH- because of messengers; raajavaakya haraiH= who carried messeges of the king; ambaa= let my mother; arhasi= be good enough; vaktum= to tell; tat= that; yat= which; aham= I; ichchhaami= am wishing; prashhTum= to ask.
“I came soon because of the horridness communicated by royal messengers. Let my mother be good enough to tell that which I desire to ask her.”
þ¨nyo ayam þayanŸya× te paryanko hema bh¨ÿita× |
na ca ayam ikÿv˜ku jana× prah®ÿ÷a× pratibh˜ti me || 2-72-11
11. ayam= this; paryaN^kaH=couch; te= of yours; shayaniiyaH= which is fit for rest; hemabhuushhitaH= and decorated with gold; shuunyaH= is empty; ayam= these; ikshhvaaku janaH= men and women of Ikshvaku race; napratibhaati= do not appear; maa= to me; prahR^ishhTaH= to be cheerful.
“This couch of yours, which is fit for rest and decorated with gold, is empty. These men and women of Ikshvaku race do not appear to me to be cheerful.”
r˜j˜ bhavati bh¨yiÿ÷hgam iha amb˜y˜ niveþane |
tam aham na adya paþy˜mi draÿ÷um iccann iha ˜gata× || 2-72-12
12. raajaa= king Dasaratha; bhuuyishhTham= mostly; iha= here; ambaayaaH= in the mother’s; niveshane= house; adya= now; aham= I; napashyaami= am not seeing; tam= him; aagatah= I came; iha= here; ichchhan= wishing; drashhTum= to see (him)
“King Dasaratha mostly used to here in your house. Now, I am not seeing him. I came here, desirous of seeing him.”
pitur grahŸÿye caraõau tam mama ˜khy˜hi p®ccata× |
˜hosvid amba jyeÿ÷h˜y˜× kausaly˜y˜ niveþane || 2-72-13
13. amba= o, mother!graahhisye=I will grasp; pitruH= my fathers; charaNou= feet; aakhyaahi= Tell; tam= about him; mama= to me; pR^IchchhataH= questioning; ahosvit= or; niveshane; (is he) in the house; kausalyaaH= of Kausalya; jyeshhThaayaaH= the senior most of my mothers?
“O, mother! I will grasp in obeisance my father’s feet. Tell about him, as I ask you. Or is he in the house of Kausalya the senior most of my mothers?”
tam pratyuv˜ca kaikeyŸ priyavad ghoram apriyam |
aj˜nantam praj˜nantŸ r˜jya lobhena mohit˜ || 2-72-14
14. mohitaa= deluded; raajyalobhena= by the greed for kingdom; kaikeyii=Kaikeyi; prajaanantii= who knew everything closely; pratyuvaacha= told; tam= that Bharata; ajaanantam= who did not know anything; ghoram= that terribly; apriyam= unpleasant thing; priyavat= as though it was delightful.
Deluded by the greed for kingdom, Kaikeyi who knew everything closely, told the terribly unpleasant news to Bharata, who did not know anything, as though the news was delightful.
y˜ gati× sarva bh¨t˜n˜m t˜m gatim te pit˜ gata× |
r˜j˜ mah˜tm˜ tejasvŸ y˜yaj¨ka× sat˜m gati× || 2-72-15
15. te pitaa= your father; raajaa= king Dasaratha; mahaatmaa= having a noble nature; tejasvii= who was inspiring respect; yaayajuukaH= who was performing frequent sacrifices; gatiH= and who was a refuge; sataam= to good men; gataH= followed; taam gatim= that path; yaa= which; sarvabhuutaanaam= all beings; gatiH= follow.
“King Dasaratha, your father who was having a noble nature, who was respect and performing frequent sacrifices as well as a refuge to good men followed that path which all beings follow.”
tat þrutv˜ bharata× v˜kyam dharma abhijanav˜n þuci× |
pap˜ta sahas˜ bh¨mau pit® þoka bala ardita× || 2-72-16
16. bharataH= Bharata; dharmaabhijaanavaan= a righteous man with a noble descent; suchiH= and an honest man; shrutvaa= hearing; tat= those; vaakyam= words; sahasaa= immediately; papaata= fell; bhuumou= on the ground; pitR^ishokabalaarditaH= being exceedingly tormented by the grief for his father.
Bharata, a righteous man with a noble descent and an honest man, hearing that news , immediately fell down on the ground, being exceedingly tormented by the grief for his father.
h˜ h˜to'smŸti k®paõ˜m dŸn˜m v˜camudŸrayan |
nipap˜ta mah˜b˜hurb˜hu vikÿipya vŸryav˜n || 2-72-17
17. mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; viiryavaan= and the heroic Bharata; udiirayaan= raising; kR^ipaaNam= his grievous; diinam= and depressed; vaacham= voice; iti= thus saying; haa hataHasmi= “Alas, I am undone’; vikshhipya= and lifting up; baahum= his arms; nipapaata= fell down.
The mighty armed and heroic Bharata, raising his grievous and depressed voice, cried, “Alas, I am undone’ and lifting up his arms, fell down.
tata× þokena samvŸta× pitur maraõa duhkhita× |
vilal˜pa mah˜ tej˜ bhr˜nta ˜kulita cetana× || 2-72-18
18. tadaH= then; mahaatejaH= Bharata of great majesty; samviitaH= enveloped, shokena= in grief; bhraantaakulita chetanaH= whose mind was troubled by reeling; maraNa duHkhitaH= as aggrieved by the death; pituH= of his father; vilalaapa = lamented profusely.
Then, Bharata of great majesty, who was enveloped in grief and whose mind was troubled by reeling under the death of his father, lamented profusely.
etat suruciram bh˜ti pitur me þayanam pur˜ |
þaþinev˜malam r˜trau gaganam toyad˜tyaye || 2-72-19
19. etat= this; ruchiram= beautiful; shayanam= couch; me pituH= of my father; puraa= formerly; bhaatisma= used to enhancewith his splendor; shashineva= as the moon; irradiates; amalam= the stainless; gaganam= sky; raatrou= in the night; toyadaatyaye= at the end of the rainy season.
“These beautiful couch of my father earlier used to enhance its charm with his splendor, as the moon irradiates the stainless sky in the night at the end of a rainy season.”
tat idam na vibh˜ti adya vihŸnam tena dhŸmat˜ |
vyomeva þþin˜ hŸnamapbhuÿka iva s˜gara× || 2-72-20
20. vihiinam= being unoccupied; dhiimataa tena= by my virtuous father; tat idam= the same couch; adya= now; navibhaati= is bereft of glory; vyomeva= like the moon; saagaraaH iva= or like the sea; apchchhushhkaH= with water dried up.
“Being unoccupied by my virtuous father, the same couch now is bereft of its glory, like the sky without the moon or like the sea with its water dried up.”
b˜ÿpamuts®jya kaõ÷he sv˜tman˜ paripŸýita× |
˜cc˜dya vadanam þrŸmadvastreõa jayat˜m vara× || 2-72-21
21. aachchhaadya= covering; shriimat= his lovely; vadanam= face; vastreNa= with a raiment; NaraH= the first(Bharata); jayataam= of those who are victorious; utsR^ijya=shed; bashhpam= tears; kaNThena= by lamentation; pari piiDitaH=with profound distress; svaatmaanaa= in his mind.
Covering his lovely face with a raiment, Bharata the first of those who are victorious, with a proffond distress in his mind shed tears in lamentation.
tam ˜rtam deva samk˜þam samŸkÿya patitam bhuvi |
nik®ttamiva s˜lasya skandham paraþun˜ vane || 2-72-22
mattam˜taðgasamk˜þam candr˜rkasad®þam bhuva× |
utth˜payitv˜ þoka ˜rtam vacanam ca idam abravŸt || 2-72-23
22,23. bhuuvah= from the floor(Kaikeyi); utthaapayitva= lifted up ; tam Bharata; aartam= who was pained; devasamkaasham= looking like a god; patitam= who fell; bhuvi= on the ground; saalasya skandamiva=like a sala tree; nikR^ittam= cut off; parashuunaa= by an axe; mattamaataN^ga samkaasham= appearing like an elephant in rut;chandraarkasadR^sham= looking like the moon and sun; shokaartam=and afflicted with grief; abravit= spoke; idam= these; vachanamcha= words.
Kaikeyi lifted up from the floor, her son Bharata, who was pained with sorrow, looking like a god, who fell on the ground like a sala tree, cut off by an axe, appearing like an elephant in rut, looking like the moon and sun,afflicted with grief as he was and spoke the following words:
uttiÿ÷ha uttiÿ÷ha kim þeÿe r˜ja putra mah˜ yaþa× |
tvad vidh˜ na hi þocanti santa× sadasi sammat˜× || 2-72-24
24. mahaayashaH= o, the highly illustrious; raajaputra= prince! UttishhTha uttishhTha= arise, arise; kim= why; sheshhe= are you lying down? SantaH= gentlemen; tvadvidhaaH= like you; sammataa= honoured; sadasi= in the assembly of men; na shochantihi= do not indeed lament.
“O, the highly illustrious prince! Arise,arise! Why are you lying down? Gentlemen, like you, respected in the assembly of men, do not grieve indeed.”
d˜nayajñ˜dhik˜r˜ hi þŸlaþrutivaconug˜ |
buddhiste buddhisampanna prabhev˜rkasya mandire || 2-72-25
25. buddhisam pannaH= O, Bharata endowed with understanding ! te= Your; buddhiH= intellect; shiilashruti vachonugaa= which follows good character and sacred scriptures; daanayaj^Naadhikaaraa= has an authority to donate and to sacrifice; (ever shining); prabheva= like a splendor; mandire= in the abode ; arkasya= of the sun.
“O, Bharata endowed with understanding! Your intellect, which follows good character as well as sacred scriptures, has an authority to donate and sacrifice, ever shining as such like a splendor in the abode of the sun.
sa rudaty˜ ciram k˜lam bh¨mau vipariv®tya ca |
jananŸm pratyuv˜ca idam þokai× bahubhir ˜v®ta× || 2-72-26
26. aavR^itaH= encircled; bahibhiH= by numerous; shokaiH= afflictions; saH= Bharata; ruditvaa= weeping; chiramkaalam= for a long time; viparivR^ityecha= rolled; bhuumou= over the floor; pratyuvaacha= and replied; idam= these words; jananiim= to his mother.
Encircled by numerous afflictions, Bharata weeping for a long time , rolled over the floor and replied to his mother as follows:
abhiÿekÿyati r˜mam tu r˜j˜ yajñam nu yakÿyati |
iti aham k®ta samkalpo h®ÿ÷a× y˜tr˜m ay˜siÿam || 2-72-27
27. kR^ita samkalpaH= forming a resolution; raajaa= that the king; abhishhekshhyati nu= was either anointing raamam= Rama; yakshhyatenu= or performing, yajN^am= a sacrifice; aayaasishham= I got into ; yaatraam= the journey; hR^ishhTaH= cheerfully.
“Making up my mind that the king was either going to anoint Rama as a prince regent or to perform a sacrifice, I cheerfully got into the journey.”
tat idam hi anyath˜ bh¨tam vyavadŸrõam mano mama |
pitaram yo na paþy˜mi nityam priya hite ratam || 2-72-28
28. tat idam= all this; bhuutam= turned to be; anyathaa= otherwise; na pashyaami= by me not seeing; pitaram= my father; nityam= forever; ratam= interested; priyahite= in my wishes and welfare; mama= my; manaH= heart; vyavadiirNam= is broken to pieces.
“All this turned to be otherwise. By not beholding my father, who was forever interested in my wishes and welfare, my heart is broken to pieces”
amba kena atyag˜t r˜j˜ vy˜dhin˜ mayy an˜gate |
dhany˜ r˜ma ˜daya× sarve yai× pit˜ samsk®ta× svayam || 2-72-29
29. amba= o, mother! Mayi anaagate= while I did not come; kena vyaadhinaa= On what ailment ; raajaa= the king; atyagaat= died? RaamaadayaH= Rama and others; yaiH= who; svayam= by themselves; samskR^itaH= performed purificatory rites; pitaa= to our father; dhanyaaH= are fortunate.
“O, mother! On what ailment did the king die, when I was not here? Rama and others who performed purificatory rites by themselves for our father indeed fortunate.”
na n¨nam m˜m mah˜ r˜ja× pr˜ptam j˜n˜ti kŸrtim˜n |
upajighredd hi m˜m m¨rdhni t˜ta× samnamya satvaram || 2-72-30
30. nuunam= It is sure; kiirtimaan= that the illustrious; mataaraajaH= monarch; najanaati= does not know; maam= me;praaptam= having arrived; taataH= my father; satvaram= quickly; upajighrethi= would have indeed smelled; samnamya= by bending; muurdhni= my head (in affection).
“It is sure that the illustrious monarch does not know the fact of my arrival. Otherwise, my father quickly would have indeed smelled my head, by bending me in affection.”
kva sa p˜õi× sukha sparþa× t˜tasya akliÿ÷a karmaõa× |
yena m˜m rajas˜ dhvastam abhŸkÿõam parim˜rjati || 2-72-31
31. kva= where; taatasya=is father’s;suksparshaH= pleasantly caressing; saHpaaNiH= that hand; yena= which; parimaarjati= to wipe; maam= me; dhvastam= covered; rajasaa= with dust; abhiikshhNam= again and again; aklishhTa karmaNah= and which was unwearied in action?
“Where is the caressing hand of my dear father of unwearied action wipe away the dust with which I am covered?”
yo me bhr˜t˜ pit˜ bandhur yasya d˜so asmi dhŸmata× |
tasya m˜m þŸghram ˜khy˜hi r˜masya akliÿ÷a karmaõa× || 2-72-32
32. aakhyaahi= announce; shiighram= soon; maam= about me; raamasya= to Rama; aklishhTakarmaNaH= of immortal exploits; yaH= he who; bhraatraa= is the brother; me= to me; pitaa= my father; bandhuH= my friend; yasya= and to whom; dhiimataH= the wise; daasaH asmi= I am a servant.
“Announce soon about my arrival to Rama of immortal exploits, he who is a wise brother to me, my father, my friend and to whom Iam a servant.”
pit˜ hi bhavati jyeÿ÷ho dharmam ˜ryasya j˜nata× |
tasya p˜dau grahŸÿy˜mi sa hi id˜nŸm gatir mama || 2-72-33
33. jyeshhThaH= an elder brother; bhavatihi= indeed becomes; pitaa= a father; aaryasya= for a faithful man; jaanataH= who is aware; dharmam=of righteousness; grahishhyaami= I will grasp; tasya= his; paadou= feet; saH= he; gatiH hi= is indeed the refuge; mama= to me; idaaniim= now.
“An elder brother indeed becomes a father for a faithful man who knows righteousness. I will grasp his feet in obeisance. He is indeed the refuge for me now.”
dharmaviddharmanityaþca satyasandho d®ýhavrata× |
˜rye kim abravŸd r˜j˜ pit˜ me satya vikrama× || 2-72-34
34. kim= what; me pitaa= my father; raajaa= the king; dharmavit= who knew virtue; dharma nityashcha= who was forever pious; satyasandhaH= who was true to his promise; dR^IdhavrataH= who was strictly truthful; satyavikramaH; who was truly valiant; aaryaH= and who was honorable; abraviit=did say?
“What did my father the king, who know virtue , who was forever pious, who was true to his promise, who was strictly truthful, who was truly valiant and who was honorable, say?”
paþcimam s˜dhu samdeþam icc˜mi þrotum ˜tmana× |
iti p®ÿ÷˜ yath˜ tattvam kaikeyŸ v˜kyam abravŸt || 2-72-35
35. ichchaami= I want; shrotum= to hear; saadhu= well; pashchimama= the last; sandesham= message; (of my father; aatmaanaH= to me; iti= Thus; pR^ishhTaa= asked; kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= these words; yathaatattvam= in accordance with truth:
“I want to hear exactly the last message of my father to me.” Thus requested by Bharata, Kaikeyi spoke the following words in accordance with truth.
r˜ma iti r˜j˜ vilapan h˜ sŸte lakÿmaõa iti ca |
sa mah˜tm˜ param lokam gata× gatimat˜m vara× || 2-72-36
36. saH=that; mahaatmaa= highsoled; raajaa=king; varaH= who was excellent ; gatimataam= in understanding universal spirit; gataH= departed; param lokam= for the other world; vilapam= crying; raameti= ‘O, Rama; haa siite= O, sita; lakshhmaNeti= O, Lakshmana!
That high soled king, who was excellent in understanding the Universal spirit, departed to the world, crying ‘O, Rama, O, Sita, O, Lakshmana!’
im˜m tu paþcim˜m v˜cam vy˜jah˜ra pit˜ tava |
k˜la dharma parikÿipta× p˜þai× iva mah˜ gaja× || 2-72-37
37. tava= your;pitaa= father; vyajahaara=spoke; imaam= these; pashchimaam= last; vaachanam= words; kaaladharmaparikshhiptaH= when abandoned by the operation; of time; paashairiva= like into a trap; mahaagajaH= a huge elephant.
“Your father spoke the following last words also, when he was abandoned by the operation of time , like a huge elephant surrendered into a trap.”
siddha arth˜× tu nar˜ r˜mam ˜gatam sŸtay˜ saha |
lakÿmaõam ca mah˜ b˜hum drakÿyanti punar ˜gatam || 2-72-38
38. te naraaH= those men; drakshhyanti= who are able to see; raamam= Rama; punaH aagatam= returning; siitaaya saha= with Sita; lakshhmaNamcha= and Lakshmana; mahaabaahum= the mighty armed; siddhaarthaaH= are those who have fulfilled the object(of their coming).
“Those men who are able to see Rama returning Sita and the mighty armed Lakshmana are those who are fortunate enough”
tat þrutv˜ viÿas˜da eva dvitŸy˜ priya þamsan˜t |
viÿaõõa vadano bh¨tv˜ bh¨ya× papracca m˜taram || 2-72-39
39. shrutvaa= hearing; tat= that; dvitiiyaapriyashamsanaat= which disclosed a second unpleasant news; vishhaasaadaiva= was dejected; bhuutvaa= becoming; vishhaNNavadanaH= gloomy faced; paprachchha= asked; bhuuyaH= again; maataram= to his mother, as follows)
Hearing the aforesaid pronouncement, which disclosed second unpleasant news, Bharata was dejected. Becoming gloomy faced, he once again asked his mother as follows:
kva ca id˜nŸm sa dharma ˜tm˜ kausalya ˜nanda vardhana× |
lakÿmaõena saha bhr˜tr˜ sŸtay˜ ca samam gata× || 2-72-40
40. kva= where; saH= that; kausalya nandavardhanaH= Rama, who augments the joy of Kausalya; dharmaatmaa= and the virtuous man went;lakshhmaNena saha= along with Lakshmana; bhraatraa= the brother; siitayaacha samam= and with Sita; idaaniim= now?
“Where did the virtuous Rama, who augments Kausalya’ s delight go now along with my brother Lakshmana and with Sita?”
tath˜ p®ÿ÷˜ yath˜ tattvam ˜khy˜tum upacakrame |
m˜t˜ asya yugapad v˜kyam vipriyam priya þankay˜ || 2-72-41
41. tathaa= thus; pR^ishhTaa= asked as (aforesaid) asya maataa= Bharata’s mother; upachakrame= started; aakyaatum= telling; sumahat= very great; vipriyam= unpleasant; vaakyam= words; yathaa tattvam= exactly; priyashaNkayaa= with an apprehension that they are pleasant.
Asked by Bharata in this manner, his mother started telling so greatly unpleasant words, exactly as it had happened, as though they were very pleasant words.
sa hi r˜ja suta× putra cŸra v˜s˜ mah˜ vanam |
daõýak˜n saha vaidehy˜ lakÿmaõa anucara× gata× || 2-72-42
42. putra= O, son! saH= he that; raajasutaH=prince Rama; chiiravaasaaH=wearing long narrow pieces of bark; gataH hi= indeed went; mahaavanam= to the great forest; daNDakaan= of Dandaka; lakshhmaNaanucharaH= followed by Lakshmana; vaidehyaasaha= and also Sita.
“O, son! He, that prince Rama, wearing long narrow pieces of bark, went indeed to the great forest of Dandaka, followed by Lakshmana and also sita.”
tat þrutv˜ bharata× trasta× bhr˜tu× c˜ritra þankay˜ |
svasya vamþasya m˜h˜tmy˜t praÿ÷um samupacakrame || 2-72-43
43. shrutvaa= hearing; tat= those words; bharataH= Bharata; trastaH= was frightened; charitrashaNkyayaa= with a doubt about the behaviour; bhraatuH= of his brother; maahaatmyaat= and because of the glory; syasya vamshasya= of his race; sampachakrame= started; prashhTum= to ask (his mother as follows):
Hearing these words, Bharata being aware of the glory of his race, doubted and fearedwhether Rama was sent to exile because of his unrighteous conduct, if any and again asked his mother as follows:
kaccin na br˜hmaõa vadham h®tam r˜meõa kasyacit |
kaccin na ˜ýhyo daridra× v˜ tena ap˜po vihimsita× || 2-72-44
44. kashyachit= some; braahmaNa dhanam=brahmana’s wealth; nahR^itam kachchit= indeed not stolen; raamaNa= by Rama; aaDhyaH= a rich; daridrovaa= or a poor; apaapaH= virtuous man; na vihimsitaH kachchit= indeed not harmed; tena= by him?
“Has not Rama indeed stolen the wealth of some Brahmana? Has not he done any harm either to a rich or to a poor virtuous man?”
kaccin na para d˜r˜n v˜ r˜ja putra× abhimanyate |
kasm˜t sa daõýaka araõye bhr¨õah˜ iva viv˜sita× || 2-72-45
45. raajaputraH= has the prince; naabhimaanyate vaa kachchit= indeed not desired any; paradaaraan= wife of another; kasmaat= why; saH= was he; bhraataaraamo= my brother Rama; vivaasitaH= expelled; daNDakaaraN^ye= to the forest of Dandaka?
“Has the prince indeed not longed for the wife of another? Why was my brother Rama expelled to the forest of Dandaka?”
atha asya capal˜ m˜t˜ tat sva karma yath˜ tatham |
tena eva strŸ svabh˜vena vy˜hartum upacakrame || 2-72-46
46. atha= thereafter; asya maataa= his mother; chapalaa=an unsteady woman; tena= on account of; striisvabhaavenaiva= her feminine nature only; upachakrame= began,; vyaahartum= to tell; svakarma= her act; tat= that; yathaatatham= which was the exact state of the case.
Thereafter his mother, an unsteady woman, on account of her feminine nature began to narrate her act which was the exact state of the case.
evamukt˜ tu kaikeyŸ bharatena mah˜tman˜ |
uv˜ca vacanam h®ÿ÷˜ m¨ýh˜ paõýitam˜ninŸ || 2-72-47
47. kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; muuDhaa= a fool; paNDita maanini= thinking herself to be learned; uktaa= after being spoken; evam= thus; bharatena= by Bharata; mahaatmanaa= the virtuous man; hR^IshhTaa= delightfully; uvaacha= spoke; vachanam= words:
Kaikeyi, a fool thing herself to be learned, after hearing the queries of the virtuous Bharata, delightfully spoke the following words:
na br˜hmaõa dhanam kimcidd h®tam r˜meõa kasyacit |
kaþcin na ˜ýhyo daridra× v˜ tena ap˜po vihimsita× || 2-72-48
na r˜ma× para d˜r˜m× ca cakÿurbhy˜m api paþyati |
48. na kimchit= not even a little; brahmaNa dhanam= of wealth belonging to a Brahmana; kashyachit= whosoever; hR^itam= was stolen; raameNa= by Rama; navihimsitaH= no harm was done; tena= by him; aaDhyaH= either to arich; daridrovaa= or to a poor; apaapah= virtuous man; raamaH= Rama; na pashyhyatyapi= does not even look; chakshhuryaam= with his eyes ; paradaaraan= the wives of others.
“Not even a little of belonging to a Brahman was stolen by Rama,No harm was done by him either to a rich or to a poor virtuous man. Rama does not even look with his eyes, the wives of others.”
may˜ tu putra þrutv˜ eva r˜masya eva abhiÿecanam || 2-72-49
y˜cita× te pit˜ r˜jyam r˜masya ca viv˜sanam |
49. putra= O,son! shrutyaiva= immediately on hearing; abhishhechanam= about the coronation ceremony; raamasyaiva= of Rama decidedly; mayaa tu= by me then;pitaa= your father; yaanchitaH= was asked; raajyam= for kingdom ; te= to you; vivaasanamcha= and banishment ; raamasya= of Rama.
“O, son! Immediately on hearing decidedly about the coronation ceremony of Rama by me then, I asked your father to bestow kingdom to you and for banishment of Rama to the forest”
sa sva v®ttim sam˜sth˜ya pit˜ te tat tath˜ akarot || 2-72-50
r˜ma× ca saha saumitri× preÿita× saha sŸtay˜ |
50. samaasthaaya= submitting to ; svavR^ittim=his own decree; saH= that king Dasaratha; te pitaa= your father; akarot= has done; tat= that; tathaa= as requested by me; raamashcha= Rama; sahasoumitriH= along with Sita too; preshhitaH= were sent into exile.
“Submitting to his own decree, King Dasaratha, your father has done all that was requested by me. Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita too were sent into exile.”
tam apaþyan priyam putram mahŸ p˜lo mah˜ yaþ˜× || 2-72-51
putra þoka paridy¨na× pancatvam upapediv˜n |
51. tam= that; priyamputram= belonged son; apashyan= having not been seen; mahaayashaaH= the very celebrated; mahiipaalaH= monarch; upapedivaan= obtained; paNchatvam= death; putrashoka paridynunaH= being made miserable by grief for his son.
“That beloved son having not been seen, the very celebrated monarch was made miserable by the grief for his son and obtained death”
tvay˜ tu id˜nŸm dharmajña r˜jatvam avalambyat˜m || 2-72-52
tvat k®te hi may˜ sarvam idam evam vidham k®tam |
52. dharmajN^a= O, Bharata knowing righteousness; raajatvam= the kingship; avalambyataam= may be taken charge; tvayaa= by you; idaaniim= now; idam sarvam= all this; kR^itam hi= was indeed done; tvatkR^ite=for you; mayaa= by me; evam vidham= in this manner.
“O, Bharata knowing righteousness! The king- ship may be taken charge by you now. All this was indeed done for your sake in this manner by me.”
m˜ þokam m˜ ca samt˜pam dhairyam˜þraya putraka || 2-72-53
tvadadhŸn˜ hi nagarŸ r˜jyam caitadan˜mayam |
53. putraka= o, son; maa aashraya= do not dwell; shokam= in grief; maa= do not dwell; samtaapamcha= in anguish too; aashraya= dwell; dhairyam= in courage; nagarii= this city; tvadadhiinaahi= is indeed subservient to you; tat= this raajyam cha=kingdom also; anaamayam= which is salubrious.
“O, son! Do not dwell in grief and anguish. Dwell in courage. This city along with the salubrious kingdom indeed is subservient to you.”
tat putra þŸghram vidhin˜ vidhijñai× |
vasiÿ÷ha mukhyai× sahita× dvija indrai× |
samk˜lya r˜j˜nam adŸna sattvam |
˜tm˜nam urvy˜m abhiÿecayasva || 2-72-54
54. tat= hence; sahitaH= meeting; dvijendraiH; the chiefs of brahmanas; vasishhTa mukhyaiH=like Vasista and others; vidhijN^aiH= who know rituals; samkalya= performing purification rites; shiigraam= soon; raajaanam=to the city; abhishhechayasvam= become; anointed as a king; urvyaam= to the earth; adiinasattvam= yourself.
“Hence, meet the chiefs of Brahmanas like Vasishta and others who know the rituals, perform soon the sacred rites to the king and become crowned as a king yourself to the earth, being not depressed in spirit.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe dvisaptatitama× sarga×
Thus completes 72nd Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
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© February 2003, K. M. K. Murthy