Chapter [Sarga] 71

Introduction

Spending seven nights in his journey, crossing various streams and rivers and passing through many woods and territories, Bharata reaches the city of Ayodhya, from there ,he finds the city of Ayodhya in a forlorn mood and discusses this situation with the charioteer. With an apprehensive and gloomy mind, he enters his father’s house.


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sa pr˜n mukho r˜ja g®h˜t abhiniry˜ya vŸryav˜n |
tata× sud˜m˜m dyutim˜n samtŸrv˜vekÿya t˜m nadŸm || 2-71-1
hl˜dinŸm d¨ra p˜r˜m ca pratyak srota× tarangiõŸm |
þatadr¨m atarat þrŸm˜n nadŸm ikÿv˜ku nandana× || 2-71-2

1,2. saH raaghavaH= that Bharata; dyutimaan= who was brilliant; shriinaan= glorious; ikshhvaaku kulanandanaH= and a rejoice to Ikshvaku dynasty; abhiniryaaya= marching in;praaNmukhaH= easterly direction; raajagR^ihaat= from the city of Rajagriha; tatah= thereafter; avekshhya= observing; samtiirya= and crossing; taam= that; sudaamaam nadiim= Sudama river; hlaadiniim= and Hladini river; duuraapaaram= the wide one; atarat= and also crossed; shatadruum nadiim= shatadru river; pratyaksrotantaraNgiNiim= whose stream flowed towards the eastern direction.

That brilliant and glorious Bharata, who was a rejoice to Ikshvaku dynasty marching in easterly direction from the city of Rajagriha, thereafter observing and crossing Sudama* river as well as the wide Hladini river, whose stream flowed towards eastern direction.

The route Bharata drove was a different one from the route the messengers had taken from Ayodhya to Rajagriha. This is a longer route and it took a complete week for Bharata to reach Ayodhya

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ela dh˜ne nadŸm tŸrtv˜ pr˜pya ca apara parpa÷˜n |
þil˜m ˜kurvatŸm tŸrtv˜˜gneyam þalya kartanam || 2-71-3
satya samdha× þuci× þrŸm˜n prekÿam˜õa× þil˜ vah˜m |
atyay˜t sa mah˜ þail˜n vanam caitra ratham prati || 2-71-4

saH= that Bharata; satyasandhaH= who kept up his promise; shuchiH= the pure man in heart; shriimaan= the illustrious man; tiirtvaa= crossing; nadiim= shatadru river; elaadhaane= at Eladhana village; praapyaacha= reaching; aparaparpataan= the region of aparaparpata; tiirtvaa= crossing; aakurvatiim= Akurvati; shilaam= a rocky hill; prekshhyamaaNah= seeing; aaG^yeyam= the village of Agneyam; shalyakartanam= Salyakartana village; shilaavahaam= and silavaha river; atyayaat= and crossed; mahaashailaan= huge mountains; and traveled; chaitrathavanam prati= towards the woods of chaitraratha.

The pure and illustrious Bharata, who kept up his promise, crossing shatradru river at Eladhana village, reaching the region of Apara parpata, crossing a rocky hill called akurvati, seeing the villages of Agneyam and salyakartana as well as Silavaha river, crossed huge mountains and traveled towards the woods of Chitraratha.

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sarasvatŸm ca gaðg˜m ca ugmena pratipadya ca |
uttaram vŸramatsy˜n˜m bh˜ruõýam pr˜viþadvanam || 2-71-5

5. w.w.m – pratipadya= arriving at; yugmena= the confluence of; sarasvatiimcha= saraswati river; gaNgaacha= and Ganga river; (Bharata); pravishat= entered; bhaaruN^Damvanam= the woods of Bharunda; uttaram= the north; viiramatsyaanaam= of Viramatsya region.

Arriving at the confluence of Saraswati and Ganga rivers, Bharata entered the woods of Bharmuda, the north of Viramatsaya region.

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veginŸm ca kulinga ˜khy˜m hr˜dinŸm parvata ˜v®t˜m |
yamun˜m pr˜pya samtŸrõo balam ˜þv˜sayat tad˜ || 2-71-6

6. praapya= reaching; samtiirNa=and crossing; kuliNgaakhyaam= a river named Kulinga; veginiim= which is swift; parvataavR^itaam= surrounded by mountains; hlaadini= and requesting; yamuunaam= as well as Yamuna river; tadaa- and there; badam= the army; aashvaasayat= was made to rest.

Reaching and crossing a refreshing river named Kulinga, which is swift and surrounded by mountains as well as Yamuna river, the army was then made to rest there.

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þŸtŸk®tya tu g˜tr˜õi kl˜nt˜n ˜þv˜sya v˜jina× |
tatra sn˜tv˜ ca pŸtv˜ ca pr˜y˜t ˜d˜ya ca udakam || 2-71-7

7. shiitiikR^iya= making cool; gaatraaNi= the limbs; klaantaan= of the tired; vaajinaH= horses; by bathing them; aashvaasya= and cheering them up; tatra= there; snaatvaa= taking bath(himself);piitvaacha= drinking; udakam=water; aadaaya= and carrying it (future use) praayaata=(Bharata) proceeded further.

Making cool the limbs of the tired horses by bathing there and cheering up them, nay, taking a bath himself, drinking some water and carrying it for future use, Bharata proceeded further.

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r˜ja putra× mah˜ araõyam anabhŸkÿõa upasevitam |
bhadra× bhadreõa y˜nena m˜ruta× kham iva atyay˜t || 2-71-8

8. bhadraH=the blessed; raajaputraH=bharata; the prince;atyayaat= traversed;mahaaraNyam= the huge forest; anabhiikshhNopasevitam= which was rarely frequented; bhadreNa= by his excellent; yaanena= chariot; khamiva= as through the atmosphere; maarutaH= the wind.

The blessed prince Bharata traversed that rarely frequented huge forest by his excellent chariot as the wind glides through an atmosphere.

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bh˜gŸrathŸm duÿpratar˜mamþudh˜ne mah˜nadŸm |
up˜y˜dr˜ghavast¨rõam pr˜gva÷e viþrute pure || 2-71-9

9. raaghavaH=Bharata; tuurNam= quickly; upaayat= reached; mahaanadiim= the great river; bhagiirathiim= Bhagirathi; dushhprataraam= which is difficult to be crossed; pure= at the city; praagvaTe= of pragvata; amshudhaane= in the region of Amsudhana.

Bharata soon reached the great river, Bharathi, which is difficult to be crossed, at the city of pragvata in the region of Amsudhana.

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sa gaðg˜m pr˜gva÷ tŸrtve sam˜y˜tku÷ikoÿ÷hik˜m |
sabalast˜m sa tŸrtv˜tha sam˜y˜ddharmavardhanam || 2-71-10

10. tiirvaa= crossing; gaNgaam= the river Ganga; praagvaTe= at the city of Pragvata; sah= he; samaayaayaat= reached; kuTikoshhThikaam= the river Kutikoshthka; tiirvaa= traversed; taam= it; sabalaH= along with his army; atha= and then; samaayaat= and arrived at; dharmavardhanam= the river of Dharmavardhana.

Crossing the River Ganga at the city of Pragvata, he reached the river Kulikoshthika, traversed it along with his army and then arrived at the region of Dharmavardhana.

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toraõam dakÿiõa ardhena jamb¨ prastham up˜gamat |
var¨tham ca yayau ramyam gr˜mam daþaratha ˜tmaja× || 2-71-11

11. dasharathaatmajaH= Bharata; upaagamaat= reached; jambuuprastham=Jambuprastha village; dakshhiNaardhena= which is the southern part, toraNam= of torana region; (and from there)yayou= got; ramyam= a beautiful; gramamcha= village too; varuutham= called Varutha.

Bharata reached Jambuprasta village, which is located at the southern part of Torana region and from there he arrived at a beautiful village too, named Varutha.

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tatra ramye vane v˜sam k®tv˜ asau pr˜n mukho yayau |
udy˜nam ujjih˜n˜y˜× priyak˜ yatra p˜dap˜× || 2-71-12

12. kRR^itvaa= making; vaasam= a camp; ramie= in that beautiful; vane= forest; tatra= there; asou= Bharata; praaNmukhah= turned towards the east; yayou= and reached; udyaanam= a garden; ujjihaanaayaaH= in the city of Ujjihana;yatra= in which; there are) priyakaaH paadapaaH= a number of Kadamba trees.

Making a camp in thatbeautiful forest there, Bharata traveled towards the east and reached a garden in the city of Ujjihana, in which there are a number of Kadamba trees.

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s˜l˜ms tu priyak˜n pr˜pya þŸghr˜n ˜sth˜ya v˜jina× |
anujñ˜pya atha bharata× v˜hinŸm tvarita× yayau || 2-71-13

13. praapya= having reached; saalaan= sala trees; priyaakaan= kadamba trees; bharatah= Bharata; aasthayaa= yoked; shiighram= swifter; vaajenah= horses; (his chariot); anuG^yaapye=allowed; vaahiniim= his army; atha= to come after him; yayon= and went ahead; tvaritaH= quickly.

Having reached Sala and Kadamba trees, Bharata yoked swifter horses to his chariot, allowed his army to come after him and quickly went ahead.

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v˜sam k®tv˜ sarva tŸrthe tŸrtv˜ ca utt˜nak˜m nadŸm |
any˜ nadŸ× ca vividh˜× p˜rvatŸyaia× turam gamai× || 2-71-14
hasti p®ÿ÷hakam ˜s˜dya ku÷ik˜m atyavartata |
tat˜ra ca nara vy˜ghra× lauhitye sa kapŸvatŸm || 2-71-15

14, 15. vaasam kR^itvaa=having halted; sarvatiirthe=in sarvatirtha; tiirtvaa= and having crossed; uttaanikaam nadiim=uttamika river; vividhaaH=and various; anyaaH= other; nadiishcha= rivers; paarvatiiyaiH turaNgaiH= by mountain-ponies; aasaadya= and reaching;hastipR^ishhTaakam=the village of Hastiprataka; (Bharata); atyavartata= crossed; kTikaam= river kutika; taraara=andtraversed; kapiivartiim= the river kapivati; lohityu= at Lohitya village.

Having halted min Sarvatirtha village and having crossed Uttamika river and various other rivers by mountain -ponies and reaching Hast prasthaka village, Bharata crossed Kutika river and traversed kapivati river at Lohitya village.

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eka s˜le sth˜õumatŸm vinate gomatŸm nadŸm |
kalinga nagare ca api pr˜pya s˜la vanam tad˜ || 2-71-16
bharata× kÿipram ˜gaccat supariþr˜nta v˜hana× |

16. bharataH= Bharata;(after crossing) sthaaNumatiim= Sthanumati river; ekasaala=at Ekasala village;gomatiim nadiim= and Gomati river; vinate= at Vinata village; suprarishraanta vaahanah= as the horses were verymuch tired; praapya= reached; tadaa= then; saalavanam= a grove of Sala trees; kaliNganagarachhaapi= at even kalinga city also; aagachchhat= and proceeded; kshhipram= quickly.

Bharata, after crossing Sthanumati river at Ekasala village and Gomati river at Vinata village, took rest at a grove of Sala trees at Kalinga city as the horses were very much tired and then proceeded quickly.

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vanam ca samatŸtya ˜þu þarvary˜m aruõa udaye || 2-71-17
ayodhy˜m manun˜ r˜jñ˜ nirmit˜m sa dadarþa ha |

17. samaatiitya= driving through, vanamcha= the grove; aastu= quickly; sharavaryaam= in the night; aruNodaya= at dawn; sandarshaha= saw; ayodhyaam= the city of Ayodhya; nirniitaam= which was built; manunaaraG^yaa= by the king Manu.

Driving through grove quickly in the night, Bharata at the dawn saw the city of Ayodhya, which was earlier built by King Manu.

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t˜m purŸm puruÿa vy˜ghra× sapta r˜tra uÿi÷a× pathi || 2-71-18
ayodhy˜m agrata× d®ÿ÷v˜ rathe s˜rathim abravŸt |

18. dR^IshhTvaa= seeing ; taam= that; ayodhyaam puriim= city of Ayodhya; agrataH= in front; saptaraatroshhitaH= after spending seven nights; pathi= on his way; purushhvyaaghraH= that tiger among men; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= these words; saarathim=to the charioteer.

Seeing the city of Ayodhya in front, after spending seven nights on his way, Bharata the tiger among men, spoke the following words to his charioteer:

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eÿ˜ na atipratŸt˜ me puõya udy˜n˜ yaþasvinŸ || 2-71-19
ayodhy˜ d®þyate d¨r˜t s˜rathe p˜õýu m®ttik˜ |
yajvabhir guõa sampannai× br˜hmaõai× veda p˜ragai× || 2-71-20
bh¨yiÿ÷ham ®ÿai× ˜kŸrõ˜ r˜ja ®ÿi vara p˜lit˜ |

19,20. saarathe= O, charioteer! Eshhaa= this; yashasvinii= famous; ayodhyaa= city of Ayodhya; dR^ishyate-=appears; me= to me; naatipratiitaa= not clearly distinguishable.duuraat= from this distance. PaaNDum rittikaa= as a heap of white clay.puNyodyaanaa= beautiful gardens; aakiirNaa= a place filled with yajvabhiH= performers of sacrifies; guNasampanne= endowed with good qualities. Veda paaragaiH= Brahmins; bhuuyishhTham= most abundant; R^iddhaiH= in riches; raajarshhiparipaalitaa = and ruled by a royal sage.

“O, Charioteer! The famous city of Ayodhya comes into view vaguely to me from a distance, as a heap of white clay. It has beautiful gardens. It is filled with performers of sacrifices and with people endowed with good qualities as well as well versed in the Vedas and with Brahmins inmost abundant reaches , It is being ruled by a royal sage.”

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ayodhy˜y˜m pur˜ þabda× þr¨yate tumulo mah˜n || 2-71-21
samant˜n nara n˜rŸõ˜m tam adya na þ®õomy aham |

21. puraa= Earlier; mahaan= abig; tumulaH= clattering; shabdaH= noise; nara naariinaam= of men and women; shruuyate= used to be heard; samantaat= all round; ayodhyyaam=in Ayodhya; adya= Now; aham= I; na shR^iNomyaham= am not hearing; tam= that noice.

Earlier , a big clattering voice of men and women used to be heard all round in Ayodhya. Now, I am not hearing that voice.”

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udy˜n˜ni hi s˜ya ahne krŸýitv˜ uparatai× narai× || 2-71-22
samant˜t vipradh˜vadbhi× prak˜þante mama anyad˜ |

22. udyaanaani= the parks; prakaashantehi= which used to beam; naraiH= forth; samantaat= on all sides; saayaahne= in the evening; mama= to me; anyathaa= otherwise.

“The parks which used to beam with men streaming forth on all sides, having given up sporting in the morning after entering them in thee evening having spent the whole night in sport, now appear to me otherwise”

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t˜ni adya anurudanti iva parityakt˜ni k˜mibhi× || 2-71-23
araõya bh¨t˜ iva purŸ s˜rathe pratibh˜ti me |

23. taami= these parks; parityaktaani= deserted; kaamibhiH= by the lovers; adya= now; anuruddantiiva= turn out to be miserable; saarathe= o, charioteer!me=to me; purii= the city; pratibhaati= appears; araNyabhuuteva= to have changed into a forest.

“These parks deserted by the lovers now turn out to be dejected . O, charioteer! To me, the city appears to have changed into a forest.”

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na hi atra y˜nai× d®þyante na gajai× na ca v˜jibhi× || 2-71-24
niry˜nta× v˜ abhiy˜nta× v˜ nara mukhy˜ yath˜ puram |

24. atra= here; yathaapuurvam= as before; naramukhyaaH= important persons; nadR^ishyante hi= indeed are not seen; niryaantovaa= going into the city; abhiyaantovaa= on coming out of it; yaanaiH= in carriages; na= nay; raajithiH= on horses too.

“Here, as before, important persons indeed are not seen going into the city or coming out it in carriages or on horses or on elephants.”

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udy˜n˜ni pur˜ bh˜nti mattapramudit˜ni ca || 2-71-25
jan˜n˜m ratisamyogeÿvatyantaguõavanti ca |

25. puraa= earlier; ndyaanaani= parks; shaanti= used to be conspicuously; matta pranuditaanicha= ezaited;with joy and gaiety; atyantaguNavanticha =and were most excellent ; ratisamyogeshhu= for love contacts; janaanaam = of men.

“Earlier parks used to be conspicuously excited with joy and gaiety and were most congenial for love contacts of men.”

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t˜nyet˜nyadya vaþy˜mi nir˜nand˜ni sarvaþa× || 2-71-26
srastaparõairanupatham vikroþadbhiriva drumai× |

26. pashyaami= Iam seeing; taanyena= those same parks; adya =today; niraanandaami= with lack of enjoyment; sarvashaH= on all sides; drumaiH= with trees; srastaparNaih= having their leaves fallen; anupatham= along the road; vikroshadbhiriva= looking a picture of dismay.

“I am seeing the same parks., today with lack of enjoyments on all sides and with trees having their leaves fallen along the road, looking like picture of dismay.”

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n˜dy˜pi þr¨yate þabdo matt˜n˜m m®gapakÿiõ˜m || 2-71-27
samrakt˜m madhur˜m v˜õŸm kalam vy˜harat˜m bahu |

27. adyaapi= even not; at dawn; shabdaH= sounds; mattaanaam=mR^igapakshhinaam=of animals and birds in rut;samraktaam= which an charming madhuraam= with sweet; vaaniim= tone; vyaahratam=uttering; bahu= with much; kalam= melody; nashruuyate= are not being heard.

“Even now at dawn, charming sounds with sweet and much melodious tone of animals and birds intoxicated with happiness are not being heard.”

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candan˜gurusamp®kto dh¨pasamm¨rcito'tula× || 2-71-28
prav˜ti pavana× þrŸm˜n kim nu n˜dya yath˜puram |

28. kimnu= why does; yathaapuram= as before; bhriimaan=pure and auspicious; chandanaagarusamyuktaH= laden with aloes and sandal wood; pavanaH= breeze; dhumpasammuurchitaH= intensified with the pure of burnt incense; na pravaachi= not blow; adya= today?

“Why does, as before, pure and auspicious breeze laden with aloes and sandal wood intensified with the fume of burnt incense,not blow today.?”

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bherŸm®daðgavŸõ˜n˜m koõasamgha÷÷ita× puna× || 2-71-29
kimadya þabdo virata× sad˜'dŸnagati× pur˜ |

29. kim=why; adya= today; shabdaH= have the sounds; bheriimR^idaNga viiNaanaam= of kettle drums clay tomtoms and vinas; koNasamghaTTitaH= played upon with drum sticks or plums or fingers; virath= stopped; puraa= which formerly; sadaa adiinagatiH= never ceased; punaH= at any time.

“Why today have the sounds of kettledrums, clay tomtoms and Vinas played upon with drum-sticks or palms or fingers stopped which formerly never ceased at any time.”

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aniÿ÷˜ni ca p˜p˜ni paþy˜mi vividh˜ni ca || 2-71-30
nimitt˜ni amanojñ˜ni tena sŸdati te mana× |

30. pashyaami= I perceive; vividhaani= various kinds; nimittaani= of omens; anishhTaani= which are undesirable; paapaani= sinful; amanujJNaani= and silly; tena= by this; me= my; manaH= mind; siidati= is dejected.

“I perceive various kinds of evil sinful and silly omens and by this, my mind is dejected.”

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sarvath˜ kuþalam s¨ta durlabham mama bandhuÿu || 2-71-31
tath˜ hyasati sammohe h®dayam sŸdatŸva me |

31. suuta= O, charioteer! Durlabham= it is not possible; sarvattaa= that all; kushalam= should be well; mama bandhushhu= with my kinsfolk; tathaahi= as indeed; asati= even without; sammohe= any cause for a grievance; me= my; hR^Idayam= spirit; siidatiiva= is cast down.

“O, charioteer! It is not possible that all sounds be well with my kinsfolk, as indeed, even without anycause for a grievance, my spirit is cast down”

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viÿaõõa× þ˜ntah®dayastrasta× sululitendriya× || 2-71-32
bharata× praviveþ˜þu purŸmikÿv˜kup˜lit˜m |

32. vishhaNNaH=despondent; shraanta= hR^idayaH= distressed in mind; trastaH= frightened; sululitendriyaH=and extremely; bharataaH=Bharata; ashu= quickly; pravivesha= entered; puriim= the city; ikshhvaakupaalitam= ruled by the descendents of Ikshvaku.

Despondent, distressed in mind, frightened and extremely entered the city, which was ruled by the descendents of Ikshvaku.

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dv˜reõa vaijayantena pr˜viþat þr˜nta v˜hana× || 2-71-33
dv˜hsthai× utth˜ya vijayam p®ÿ÷a× tai× sahita× yayau |

33. shaanta vaahanaH= Bharata, with tired horses; praavishat= entered; dvaareNa= through the gate; vaijayentena= called Vaijayanta; uktaH= greeted; vijayam= with slogans of victory; utthaaya= by the standing; dvaaHsthaiH= gate keepers; yayon= he went; sahitaH= along with; taiH= them.

Bharata, with his tiered horses entered the city through Vaijayanta gate. Greeted with slogans of victory by the standing gatekeepers, he went inside, along with others.

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sa tu aneka agra h®dayo dv˜hstham pratyarcya tam janam || 2-71-34
s¨tam aþva pate× kl˜ntam abravŸt tatra r˜ghava× |

34. saH= that; raaghavathtu= Bharata, on his part; anekaagra= hR^idayaH= with distracted mind; pratyarchya= responded to the salutations; tam=of those; janam=men; dvaastham= at the gate; tatra= there; abraviit; and spoke; suutam= who wasbeloved; ashvapatih= to Asvapati (as follows)

Bharata, with a distracted mind, responded to the salutations of those porters at the gate and those porters at the gate and spoke to the charioteer who was beloved to Asvapati as follows:

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kimaham tvaray˜nŸta× k˜raõena vin˜nagha || 2-71-35
aþubh˜þaðki h®dayam þŸlam ca patatŸva me |

35. anagha=O,faultless charioteer! Kim= why was; aham= I; aniitaH= brought; tvarayaa= so quickly; kaaraNena vinaa= without any reason? HR^idayam= my mind; ashubhaashaNki= is apprehending some evil; me= My; shiilamcha= energy is also; patatiiva= lost.

“O, the faultless charioteer! Why was I brought so quickly without any reason? My mind is apprehending some evil. I lost my all energy.”

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þrut˜ no y˜d®þ˜× p¨rvam n®patŸn˜m vin˜þane || 2-71-36
˜k˜r˜× t˜n aham sarv˜n iha paþy˜mi s˜rathe |

36. saarathe= O, charioteer! YaadR^ishaaH= were heard; naH= by us; puurvam= formerly; vinaashana= regarding ruin; nR^ipatiinaam= of kings; aham= I; pashyaami=am seeing; iha= here; sarvaam=all; taam= those; aakaaraaan= signs.

“Whatever things were heard by us formerly in the same case of ruin of kings, I am seeing here all those signs."

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samm˜rjanavihŸn˜ni paruÿ˜õyupalakÿaye || 2-71-37
asamyatakav˜÷˜ni þrŸvihŸn˜ni sarvaþa× |
balikarmavihŸn˜ni dh¨pasammedanena ca || 2-71-38
an˜þitaku÷umb˜ni prabh˜hŸnajan˜ni ca |
alaksmŸk˜ni paþy˜mi ku÷umbibhavan˜nyaham || 2-71-39

37, 38, 39. aham= I; upalakshhaye= am seeing; kuTumibhavanaani= the family horses; parushhaaNi= for which the dirt; sammaarjana vihiinaani= was upswept; asamyata kavaaTaani= with doors wide open; shriihinaani= bereft of splendor; sarvashaH= on all sides; balikarmavihiinaani= no offerings are being made;dhuupasammodanevacha= no incense was burned; anaashitakuTumbaani= families are starving; prabhaahiina janaanicha= and people with lack of beautiful appearance; alakshhmiikaani= looking distressfully.

“I am seeing the family horses in which dirt is not swept away, with their doors wide open, bereft of splendor on all sides without any offerings being made, and with no incense burned . Families are starving and people look miserably without any charming appearance.”

Verse Locator

apetam˜lyaþobh˜ni asamm®ÿ÷˜jir˜õi ca |
dev˜g˜r˜õi þ¨ny˜ni na c˜bh˜nti yath˜puram || 2-71-40

40. devaagaaraaNi= the temples of gods; shuunyaani= are deserted; naabhaanticga= and have lost their radiance; apetamaalya shobhaani= with their splendor of floral decoration lost; asammR^ishhTaajiraaNicha= nor are any assembling to perform sacrifices; yathaapuram= as before.

“The temples of gods are deserted and have lost their radiance, with their splendor of floral decorations lost, nor are there any assembling to perform sacrifices as before.”

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devat˜rc˜× praviddh˜þca yajñgoÿ÷hyastath˜vidh˜× |
m˜ly˜paõeÿu r˜jante n˜dya paõy˜ni v˜ tath˜ || 2-71-41

41. devataarchaah= worships of the deities; praviddhaaHcha= were placed aside; yajN^a goshhTyaH= Assemblies of prayers; tathaavidhaah= are also in the same condition; tathaa= and; paNyaani= saleable garlands; raraajante= are not adorning; maalyaapaNeshhu= the garland stands; adya= today.

“Worships of the deities were placed aside. Assemblies of prayers are also not adorned with saleable flowers and garlands today.”

Verse Locator

d®þyante vaõijo'pyadya na yath˜p¨rvamatravai |
dhy˜nasamvignah®day˜× naÿ÷avy˜p˜rayantrit˜× || 2-71-42

42. vaNijo api= even traders; nashhTavyaapaara yantritaa= who lost interest in trading tie ups; dhyaana samvigrahR^idayaaH= and with their minds agitated with thoughts ; na dR^ishyante= are not being seen; atra= here; yathaa puurvam= as before; adya= today.

“Even traders lost interest in trading tie-ups and their minds are tied up in thoughts. They are not being seen here today, as before.”

Verse Locator

dev˜yatanacaityeÿudŸn˜× pakÿigaõ˜stath˜ || 2-71-43
malinam ca aþru p¨rõa akÿam dŸnam dhy˜na param k®þam |
sastrŸ pumsam ca paþy˜mi janam utkaõ÷hitam pure || 2-71-44

43,44. tathaa= and; pakshhigaNaaH= cluster of birds; diinaaH=look miserable; devaayataanachaityeshhu= in temples and large trees; pashyaami= I see; janam= the population; sastriipumsam= of men and women; pure= in the city; utkaNThitam= look anguished; malinam= messy; diinam= miserable;ashrupuurNaakshham= with their eyes held in tears; dhyaanaparam= thoughtful; kR^isham= and weak.

"Clusters of birds in temples and large trees in the city are looking desolate. The population of men and women in the city look thoughtful anguished weak messy and despondent with their eyes held in tears.”

Verse Locator

iti evam uktv˜ bharata× s¨tam tam dŸna m˜nasa× |
t˜ni aniÿ÷˜ni ayodhy˜y˜m prekÿya r˜ja g®ham yayau || 2-71-45

45. prekshhya= after seeing; taani= those; anishhTaani= evil omens; ayodhyaayaam=in Ayodhya; bharataH= Bharata; diina maanasaH=being broken hearted; uktvaa= and having spoken; ityevam= as afersaid; tam suutam= to that charioteer; yayou= and went; raajagR^iham= to the rayol palace.

After seeing those bad omens in Ayodhya, the broken hearted Bharata spoke to the charioteer as aforesaid and went to the royal palace.

Verse Locator

t˜m þ¨nya þ®nga a÷aka veþma rathy˜m |
rajo aruõa dv˜ra kap˜÷a yantr˜m |
d®ÿ÷v˜ purŸm indra purŸ prak˜þ˜m |
duhkhena samp¨rõatara× babh¨va || 2-71-46

46. dR^ishhTvaa= beholding; taam puriim= that city of Ayodhya; indra pura prakaasam= that formerly possessed; the splendor of of the capital city of Indra; shuunya shR^iNgaaTakaveshmarathyaam= highways deserted; rajo aruNadvaara kavaaTayantraam= the doors and hinges covered with rust; bharataH bhabhuua= because; sampuurNataraH= overcome; duHkhena= with grief.

Beholding the city of Ayodhya,that formerly possessed the splendor of the capital city of Indra, now with its squares houges and high ways deserted, the doors and hinges covered with rust , Bharata was overcome with grief.

Verse Locator

bah¨ni paþyan manaso apriy˜õi |
y˜ni annyad˜ na asya pure babh¨vu× |
av˜k þir˜ dŸna man˜ nah®ÿ÷a× |
pitur mah˜tm˜ praviveþa veþma || 2-71-47

47. pashyan= seeing apriyaaNi=things disliked; manasaH= by the mind; yaani= which; nababhuuvaH= did not occur; pure= in the city; anyadaa=at the other times; mahaatmaa= the high soled Bharata; avaakchchiraaH= with his head bent down; diinamanaaH= and with his mind miserable; pravivesha= entered; putuH= his father’s; veshma= house; nahR^ishhTaH= unhappily.

Seeing many things disenchanted to mind which did not occur at any time before in the city, the high soled Bharata with his head bent down and with his mind miserable gloomily entered his father’s house.

 

ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe ekasaptatitama× sarga×

Thus completes 71th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 71

 

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Sarga 71 in English Prose

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© February 2003, K. M. K. Murthy