Chapter [Sarga] 71

Introduction

Spending seven nights in his journey, crossing various streams and rivers and passing through many woods and territories, Bharata reaches the city of Ayodhya, from there ,he finds the city of Ayodhya in a forlorn mood and discusses this situation with the charioteer. With an apprehensive and gloomy mind, he enters his father’s house.


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sa praan mukho raaja gR^ihaat abhiniryaaya viiryavaan |
tataH sudaamaam dyutimaan samtiirvaavekshya taam nadiim || 2-71-1
hlaadiniim duura paaraam ca pratyak srotaH tarangiNiim |
shatadruum atarat shriimaan nadiim ikSvaaku nandanaH || 2-71-2

1,2. saH raaghavaH= that Bharata; dyutimaan= who was brilliant; shriinaan= glorious; ikshhvaaku kulanandanaH= and a rejoice to Ikshvaku dynasty; abhiniryaaya= marching in;praaNmukhaH= easterly direction; raajagR^ihaat= from the city of Rajagriha; tatah= thereafter; avekshhya= observing; samtiirya= and crossing; taam= that; sudaamaam nadiim= Sudama river; hlaadiniim= and Hladini river; duuraapaaram= the wide one; atarat= and also crossed; shatadruum nadiim= shatadru river; pratyaksrotantaraNgiNiim= whose stream flowed towards the eastern direction.

That brilliant and glorious Bharata, who was a rejoice to Ikshvaku dynasty marching in easterly direction from the city of Rajagriha, thereafter observing and crossing Sudama* river as well as the wide Hladini river, whose stream flowed towards eastern direction.

The route Bharata drove was a different one from the route the messengers had taken from Ayodhya to Rajagriha. This is a longer route and it took a complete week for Bharata to reach Ayodhya

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ela dhaane nadiim tiirtvaa praapya ca apara parpaTaan |
shilaam aakurvatiim tiirtvaaaagneyam shalya kartanam || 2-71-3
satya samdhaH shuciH shriimaan prekSamaaNaH shilaa vahaam |
atyayaat sa mahaa shailaan vanam caitra ratham prati || 2-71-4

saH= that Bharata; satyasandhaH= who kept up his promise; shuchiH= the pure man in heart; shriimaan= the illustrious man; tiirtvaa= crossing; nadiim= shatadru river; elaadhaane= at Eladhana village; praapyaacha= reaching; aparaparpataan= the region of aparaparpata; tiirtvaa= crossing; aakurvatiim= Akurvati; shilaam= a rocky hill; prekshhyamaaNah= seeing; aaG^yeyam= the village of Agneyam; shalyakartanam= Salyakartana village; shilaavahaam= and silavaha river; atyayaat= and crossed; mahaashailaan= huge mountains; and traveled; chaitrathavanam prati= towards the woods of chaitraratha.

The pure and illustrious Bharata, who kept up his promise, crossing shatradru river at Eladhana village, reaching the region of Apara parpata, crossing a rocky hill called akurvati, seeing the villages of Agneyam and salyakartana as well as Silavaha river, crossed huge mountains and traveled towards the woods of Chitraratha.

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sarasvatiim ca gaN^gaam ca ugmena pratipadya ca |
uttaram viiramatsyaanaam bhaaruNDam praavishadvanam || 2-71-5

5. w.w.m – pratipadya= arriving at; yugmena= the confluence of; sarasvatiimcha= saraswati river; gaNgaacha= and Ganga river; (Bharata); pravishat= entered; bhaaruN^Damvanam= the woods of Bharunda; uttaram= the north; viiramatsyaanaam= of Viramatsya region.

Arriving at the confluence of Saraswati and Ganga rivers, Bharata entered the woods of Bharmuda, the north of Viramatsaya region.

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veginiim ca kulinga aakhyaam hraadiniim parvata aavR^itaam |
yamunaam praapya samtiirNo balam aashvaasayat tadaa || 2-71-6

6. praapya= reaching; samtiirNa=and crossing; kuliNgaakhyaam= a river named Kulinga; veginiim= which is swift; parvataavR^itaam= surrounded by mountains; hlaadini= and requesting; yamuunaam= as well as Yamuna river; tadaa- and there; badam= the army; aashvaasayat= was made to rest.

Reaching and crossing a refreshing river named Kulinga, which is swift and surrounded by mountains as well as Yamuna river, the army was then made to rest there.

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shiitiikR^itya tu gaatraaNi klaantaan aashvaasya vaajinaH |
tatra snaatvaa ca piitvaa ca praayaat aadaaya ca udakam || 2-71-7

7. shiitiikR^iya= making cool; gaatraaNi= the limbs; klaantaan= of the tired; vaajinaH= horses; by bathing them; aashvaasya= and cheering them up; tatra= there; snaatvaa= taking bath(himself);piitvaacha= drinking; udakam=water; aadaaya= and carrying it (future use) praayaata=(Bharata) proceeded further.

Making cool the limbs of the tired horses by bathing there and cheering up them, nay, taking a bath himself, drinking some water and carrying it for future use, Bharata proceeded further.

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raaja putraH mahaa araNyam anabhiikSNa upasevitam |
bhadraH bhadreNa yaanena maarutaH kham iva atyayaat || 2-71-8

8. bhadraH=the blessed; raajaputraH=bharata; the prince;atyayaat= traversed;mahaaraNyam= the huge forest; anabhiikshhNopasevitam= which was rarely frequented; bhadreNa= by his excellent; yaanena= chariot; khamiva= as through the atmosphere; maarutaH= the wind.

The blessed prince Bharata traversed that rarely frequented huge forest by his excellent chariot as the wind glides through an atmosphere.

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bhaagiirathiim duSprataraamamshudhaane mahaanadiim |
upaayaadraaghavastuurNam praagvaTe vishrute pure || 2-71-9

9. raaghavaH=Bharata; tuurNam= quickly; upaayat= reached; mahaanadiim= the great river; bhagiirathiim= Bhagirathi; dushhprataraam= which is difficult to be crossed; pure= at the city; praagvaTe= of pragvata; amshudhaane= in the region of Amsudhana.

Bharata soon reached the great river, Bharathi, which is difficult to be crossed, at the city of pragvata in the region of Amsudhana.

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sa gaN^gaam praagvaTE tiirtve samaayaatkuTikoSThikaam |
sabalastaam sa tiirtvaatha samaayaaddharmavardhanam || 2-71-10

10. tiirvaa= crossing; gaNgaam= the river Ganga; praagvaTe= at the city of Pragvata; sah= he; samaayaayaat= reached; kuTikoshhThikaam= the river Kutikoshthka; tiirvaa= traversed; taam= it; sabalaH= along with his army; atha= and then; samaayaat= and arrived at; dharmavardhanam= the river of Dharmavardhana.

Crossing the River Ganga at the city of Pragvata, he reached the river Kulikoshthika, traversed it along with his army and then arrived at the region of Dharmavardhana.

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toraNam dakSiNa ardhena jambuu prastham upaagamat |
varuutham ca yayau ramyam graamam dasharatha aatmajaH || 2-71-11

11. dasharathaatmajaH= Bharata; upaagamaat= reached; jambuuprastham=Jambuprastha village; dakshhiNaardhena= which is the southern part, toraNam= of torana region; (and from there)yayou= got; ramyam= a beautiful; gramamcha= village too; varuutham= called Varutha.

Bharata reached Jambuprasta village, which is located at the southern part of Torana region and from there he arrived at a beautiful village too, named Varutha.

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tatra ramye vane vaasam kR^itvaa asau praan mukho yayau |
udyaanam ujjihaanaayaaH priyakaa yatra paadapaaH || 2-71-12

12. kRR^itvaa= making; vaasam= a camp; ramie= in that beautiful; vane= forest; tatra= there; asou= Bharata; praaNmukhah= turned towards the east; yayou= and reached; udyaanam= a garden; ujjihaanaayaaH= in the city of Ujjihana;yatra= in which; there are) priyakaaH paadapaaH= a number of Kadamba trees.

Making a camp in thatbeautiful forest there, Bharata traveled towards the east and reached a garden in the city of Ujjihana, in which there are a number of Kadamba trees.

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saalaams tu priyakaan praapya shiighraan aasthaaya vaajinaH |
anuj~naapya atha bharataH vaahiniim tvaritaH yayau || 2-71-13

13. praapya= having reached; saalaan= sala trees; priyaakaan= kadamba trees; bharatah= Bharata; aasthayaa= yoked; shiighram= swifter; vaajenah= horses; (his chariot); anuG^yaapye=allowed; vaahiniim= his army; atha= to come after him; yayon= and went ahead; tvaritaH= quickly.

Having reached Sala and Kadamba trees, Bharata yoked swifter horses to his chariot, allowed his army to come after him and quickly went ahead.

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vaasam kR^itvaa sarva tiirthe tiirtvaa ca uttaanakaam nadiim |
anyaa nadiiH ca vividhaaH paarvatiiyaiaH turam gamaiH || 2-71-14
hasti pR^iSThakam aasaadya kuTikaam atyavartata |
tataara ca nara vyaaghraH lauhitye sa kapiivatiim || 2-71-15

14, 15. vaasam kR^itvaa=having halted; sarvatiirthe=in sarvatirtha; tiirtvaa= and having crossed; uttaanikaam nadiim=uttamika river; vividhaaH=and various; anyaaH= other; nadiishcha= rivers; paarvatiiyaiH turaNgaiH= by mountain-ponies; aasaadya= and reaching;hastipR^ishhTaakam=the village of Hastiprataka; (Bharata); atyavartata= crossed; kTikaam= river kutika; taraara=andtraversed; kapiivartiim= the river kapivati; lohityu= at Lohitya village.

Having halted min Sarvatirtha village and having crossed Uttamika river and various other rivers by mountain -ponies and reaching Hast prasthaka village, Bharata crossed Kutika river and traversed kapivati river at Lohitya village.

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eka saale sthaaNumatiim vinate gomatiim nadiim |
kalinga nagare ca api praapya saala vanam tadaa || 2-71-16
bharataH kSipram aagacchat suparishraanta vaahanaH |

16. bharataH= Bharata;(after crossing) sthaaNumatiim= Sthanumati river; ekasaala=at Ekasala village;gomatiim nadiim= and Gomati river; vinate= at Vinata village; suprarishraanta vaahanah= as the horses were verymuch tired; praapya= reached; tadaa= then; saalavanam= a grove of Sala trees; kaliNganagarachhaapi= at even kalinga city also; aagachchhat= and proceeded; kshhipram= quickly.

Bharata, after crossing Sthanumati river at Ekasala village and Gomati river at Vinata village, took rest at a grove of Sala trees at Kalinga city as the horses were very much tired and then proceeded quickly.

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vanam ca samatiitya aashu sharvaryaam aruNa udaye || 2-71-17
ayodhyaam manunaa raaj~naa nirmitaam sa dadarsha ha |

17. samaatiitya= driving through, vanamcha= the grove; aastu= quickly; sharavaryaam= in the night; aruNodaya= at dawn; sandarshaha= saw; ayodhyaam= the city of Ayodhya; nirniitaam= which was built; manunaaraG^yaa= by the king Manu.

Driving through grove quickly in the night, Bharata at the dawn saw the city of Ayodhya, which was earlier built by King Manu.

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taam puriim puruSa vyaaghraH sapta raatra uSiTaH pathi || 2-71-18
ayodhyaam agrataH dR^iSTvaa rathe saarathim abraviit |

18. dR^IshhTvaa= seeing ; taam= that; ayodhyaam puriim= city of Ayodhya; agrataH= in front; saptaraatroshhitaH= after spending seven nights; pathi= on his way; purushhvyaaghraH= that tiger among men; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= these words; saarathim=to the charioteer.

Seeing the city of Ayodhya in front, after spending seven nights on his way, Bharata the tiger among men, spoke the following words to his charioteer:

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eSaa na atipratiitaa me puNya udyaanaa yashasvinii || 2-71-19
ayodhyaa dR^ishyate duuraat saarathe paaNDu mR^ittikaa |
yajvabhir guNa sampannaiH braahmaNaiH veda paaragaiH || 2-71-20
bhuuyiSTham R^iShaiH aakiirNaa raaja R^iSi vara paalitaa |

19,20. saarathe= O, charioteer! Eshhaa= this; yashasvinii= famous; ayodhyaa= city of Ayodhya; dR^ishyate-=appears; me= to me; naatipratiitaa= not clearly distinguishable.duuraat= from this distance. PaaNDum rittikaa= as a heap of white clay.puNyodyaanaa= beautiful gardens; aakiirNaa= a place filled with yajvabhiH= performers of sacrifies; guNasampanne= endowed with good qualities. Veda paaragaiH= Brahmins; bhuuyishhTham= most abundant; R^iddhaiH= in riches; raajarshhiparipaalitaa = and ruled by a royal sage.

“O, Charioteer! The famous city of Ayodhya comes into view vaguely to me from a distance, as a heap of white clay. It has beautiful gardens. It is filled with performers of sacrifices and with people endowed with good qualities as well as well versed in the Vedas and with Brahmins inmost abundant reaches , It is being ruled by a royal sage.”

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ayodhyaayaam puraa shabdaH shruuyate tumulo mahaan || 2-71-21
samantaan nara naariiNaam tam adya na shR^iNomy aham |

21. puraa= Earlier; mahaan= abig; tumulaH= clattering; shabdaH= noise; nara naariinaam= of men and women; shruuyate= used to be heard; samantaat= all round; ayodhyyaam=in Ayodhya; adya= Now; aham= I; na shR^iNomyaham= am not hearing; tam= that noice.

Earlier , a big clattering voice of men and women used to be heard all round in Ayodhya. Now, I am not hearing that voice.”

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udyaanaani hi saaya ahne kriiDitvaa uparataiH naraiH || 2-71-22
samantaat vipradhaavadbhiH prakaashante mama anyadaa |

22. udyaanaani= the parks; prakaashantehi= which used to beam; naraiH= forth; samantaat= on all sides; saayaahne= in the evening; mama= to me; anyathaa= otherwise.

“The parks which used to beam with men streaming forth on all sides, having given up sporting in the morning after entering them in thee evening having spent the whole night in sport, now appear to me otherwise”

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taani adya anurudanti iva parityaktaani kaamibhiH || 2-71-23
araNya bhuutaa iva purii saarathe pratibhaati me |

23. taami= these parks; parityaktaani= deserted; kaamibhiH= by the lovers; adya= now; anuruddantiiva= turn out to be miserable; saarathe= o, charioteer!me=to me; purii= the city; pratibhaati= appears; araNyabhuuteva= to have changed into a forest.

“These parks deserted by the lovers now turn out to be dejected . O, charioteer! To me, the city appears to have changed into a forest.”

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na hi atra yaanaiH dR^ishyante na gajaiH na ca vaajibhiH || 2-71-24
niryaantaH vaa abhiyaantaH vaa nara mukhyaa yathaa puram |

24. atra= here; yathaapuurvam= as before; naramukhyaaH= important persons; nadR^ishyante hi= indeed are not seen; niryaantovaa= going into the city; abhiyaantovaa= on coming out of it; yaanaiH= in carriages; na= nay; raajithiH= on horses too.

“Here, as before, important persons indeed are not seen going into the city or coming out it in carriages or on horses or on elephants.”

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udyaanaani puraa bhaanti mattapramuditaani ca || 2-71-25
janaanaam ratisamyogeSvatyantaguNavanti ca |

25. puraa= earlier; ndyaanaani= parks; shaanti= used to be conspicuously; matta pranuditaanicha= ezaited;with joy and gaiety; atyantaguNavanticha =and were most excellent ; ratisamyogeshhu= for love contacts; janaanaam = of men.

“Earlier parks used to be conspicuously excited with joy and gaiety and were most congenial for love contacts of men.”

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taanyetaanyadya vashyaami niraanandaani sarvashaH || 2-71-26
srastaparNairanupatham vikroshadbhiriva drumaiH |

26. pashyaami= Iam seeing; taanyena= those same parks; adya =today; niraanandaami= with lack of enjoyment; sarvashaH= on all sides; drumaiH= with trees; srastaparNaih= having their leaves fallen; anupatham= along the road; vikroshadbhiriva= looking a picture of dismay.

“I am seeing the same parks., today with lack of enjoyments on all sides and with trees having their leaves fallen along the road, looking like picture of dismay.”

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naadyaapi shruuyate shabdo mattaanaam mR^igapakshiNaam || 2-71-27
samraktaam madhuraam vaaNiim kalam vyaaharataam bahu |

27. adyaapi= even not; at dawn; shabdaH= sounds; mattaanaam=mR^igapakshhinaam=of animals and birds in rut;samraktaam= which an charming madhuraam= with sweet; vaaniim= tone; vyaahratam=uttering; bahu= with much; kalam= melody; nashruuyate= are not being heard.

“Even now at dawn, charming sounds with sweet and much melodious tone of animals and birds intoxicated with happiness are not being heard.”

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candanaagurusampR^ikto dhuupasammuurchito.atulaH || 2-71-28
pravaati pavanaH shriimaan kim nu naadya yathaapuram |

28. kimnu= why does; yathaapuram= as before; bhriimaan=pure and auspicious; chandanaagarusamyuktaH= laden with aloes and sandal wood; pavanaH= breeze; dhumpasammuurchitaH= intensified with the pure of burnt incense; na pravaachi= not blow; adya= today?

“Why does, as before, pure and auspicious breeze laden with aloes and sandal wood intensified with the fume of burnt incense,not blow today.?”

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bheriimR^idaN^gaviiNaanaam koNasamghaTTitaH punaH || 2-71-29
kimadya shabdo virataH sadaa.adiinagatiH puraa |

29. kim=why; adya= today; shabdaH= have the sounds; bheriimR^idaNga viiNaanaam= of kettle drums clay tomtoms and vinas; koNasamghaTTitaH= played upon with drum sticks or plums or fingers; virath= stopped; puraa= which formerly; sadaa adiinagatiH= never ceased; punaH= at any time.

“Why today have the sounds of kettledrums, clay tomtoms and Vinas played upon with drum-sticks or palms or fingers stopped which formerly never ceased at any time.”

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aniSTaani ca paapaani pashyaami vividhaani ca || 2-71-30
nimittaani amanoj~naani tena siidati te manaH |

30. pashyaami= I perceive; vividhaani= various kinds; nimittaani= of omens; anishhTaani= which are undesirable; paapaani= sinful; amanujJNaani= and silly; tena= by this; me= my; manaH= mind; siidati= is dejected.

“I perceive various kinds of evil sinful and silly omens and by this, my mind is dejected.”

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sarvathaa kushalam suuta durlabham mama bandhuSu || 2-71-31
tathaa hyasati sammohe hR^idayam siidatiiva me |

31. suuta= O, charioteer! Durlabham= it is not possible; sarvattaa= that all; kushalam= should be well; mama bandhushhu= with my kinsfolk; tathaahi= as indeed; asati= even without; sammohe= any cause for a grievance; me= my; hR^Idayam= spirit; siidatiiva= is cast down.

“O, charioteer! It is not possible that all sounds be well with my kinsfolk, as indeed, even without anycause for a grievance, my spirit is cast down”

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viSaNNaH shaantahR^idayastrastaH sululitendriyaH || 2-71-32
bharataH praviveshaashu puriimikshvaakupaalitaam |

32. vishhaNNaH=despondent; shraanta= hR^idayaH= distressed in mind; trastaH= frightened; sululitendriyaH=and extremely; bharataaH=Bharata; ashu= quickly; pravivesha= entered; puriim= the city; ikshhvaakupaalitam= ruled by the descendents of Ikshvaku.

Despondent, distressed in mind, frightened and extremely entered the city, which was ruled by the descendents of Ikshvaku.

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dvaareNa vaijayantena praavishat shraanta vaahanaH || 2-71-33
dvaahsthaiH utthaaya vijayam pR^iSTaH taiH sahitaH yayau |

33. shaanta vaahanaH= Bharata, with tired horses; praavishat= entered; dvaareNa= through the gate; vaijayentena= called Vaijayanta; uktaH= greeted; vijayam= with slogans of victory; utthaaya= by the standing; dvaaHsthaiH= gate keepers; yayon= he went; sahitaH= along with; taiH= them.

Bharata, with his tiered horses entered the city through Vaijayanta gate. Greeted with slogans of victory by the standing gatekeepers, he went inside, along with others.

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sa tu aneka agra hR^idayo dvaahstham pratyarcya tam janam || 2-71-34
suutam ashva pateH klaantam abraviit tatra raaghavaH |

34. saH= that; raaghavathtu= Bharata, on his part; anekaagra= hR^idayaH= with distracted mind; pratyarchya= responded to the salutations; tam=of those; janam=men; dvaastham= at the gate; tatra= there; abraviit; and spoke; suutam= who wasbeloved; ashvapatih= to Asvapati (as follows)

Bharata, with a distracted mind, responded to the salutations of those porters at the gate and those porters at the gate and spoke to the charioteer who was beloved to Asvapati as follows:

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kimaham tvarayaaniitaH kaaraNena vinaanagha || 2-71-35
ashubhaashaN^ki hR^idayam shiilam ca patatiiva me |

35. anagha=O,faultless charioteer! Kim= why was; aham= I; aniitaH= brought; tvarayaa= so quickly; kaaraNena vinaa= without any reason? HR^idayam= my mind; ashubhaashaNki= is apprehending some evil; me= My; shiilamcha= energy is also; patatiiva= lost.

“O, the faultless charioteer! Why was I brought so quickly without any reason? My mind is apprehending some evil. I lost my all energy.”

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shrutaa no yaadR^ishaaH puurvam nR^ipatiinaam vinaashane || 2-71-36
aakaaraaH taan aham sarvaan iha pashyaami saarathe |

36. saarathe= O, charioteer! YaadR^ishaaH= were heard; naH= by us; puurvam= formerly; vinaashana= regarding ruin; nR^ipatiinaam= of kings; aham= I; pashyaami=am seeing; iha= here; sarvaam=all; taam= those; aakaaraaan= signs.

“Whatever things were heard by us formerly in the same case of ruin of kings, I am seeing here all those signs."

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sammaarjanavihiinaani paruSaaNyupalakshaye || 2-71-37
asamyatakavaaTaani shriivihiinaani sarvashaH |
balikarmavihiinaani dhuupasammedanena ca || 2-71-38
anaashitakuTumbaani prabhaahiinajanaani ca |
alaksmiikaani pashyaami kuTumbibhavanaanyaham || 2-71-39

37, 38, 39. aham= I; upalakshhaye= am seeing; kuTumibhavanaani= the family horses; parushhaaNi= for which the dirt; sammaarjana vihiinaani= was upswept; asamyata kavaaTaani= with doors wide open; shriihinaani= bereft of splendor; sarvashaH= on all sides; balikarmavihiinaani= no offerings are being made;dhuupasammodanevacha= no incense was burned; anaashitakuTumbaani= families are starving; prabhaahiina janaanicha= and people with lack of beautiful appearance; alakshhmiikaani= looking distressfully.

“I am seeing the family horses in which dirt is not swept away, with their doors wide open, bereft of splendor on all sides without any offerings being made, and with no incense burned . Families are starving and people look miserably without any charming appearance.”

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apetamaalyashobhaani asammR^iSTaajiraaNi ca |
devaagaaraaNi shuunyaani na caabhaanti yathaapuram || 2-71-40

40. devaagaaraaNi= the temples of gods; shuunyaani= are deserted; naabhaanticga= and have lost their radiance; apetamaalya shobhaani= with their splendor of floral decoration lost; asammR^ishhTaajiraaNicha= nor are any assembling to perform sacrifices; yathaapuram= as before.

“The temples of gods are deserted and have lost their radiance, with their splendor of floral decorations lost, nor are there any assembling to perform sacrifices as before.”

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devataarcaaH praviddhaashca yajJNgoSThyastathaavidhaaH |
maalyaapaNeSu raajante naadya paNyaani vaa tathaa || 2-71-41

41. devataarchaah= worships of the deities; praviddhaaHcha= were placed aside; yajN^a goshhTyaH= Assemblies of prayers; tathaavidhaah= are also in the same condition; tathaa= and; paNyaani= saleable garlands; raraajante= are not adorning; maalyaapaNeshhu= the garland stands; adya= today.

“Worships of the deities were placed aside. Assemblies of prayers are also not adorned with saleable flowers and garlands today.”

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dR^ishyante vaNijo.apyadya na yathaapuurvamatravai |
dhyaanasamvignahR^idayaaH naSTavyaapaarayantritaaH || 2-71-42

42. vaNijo api= even traders; nashhTavyaapaara yantritaa= who lost interest in trading tie ups; dhyaana samvigrahR^idayaaH= and with their minds agitated with thoughts ; na dR^ishyante= are not being seen; atra= here; yathaa puurvam= as before; adya= today.

“Even traders lost interest in trading tie-ups and their minds are tied up in thoughts. They are not being seen here today, as before.”

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devaayatanacaityeSudiinaaH pakshigaNaastathaa || 2-71-43
malinam ca ashru puurNa akSam diinam dhyaana param kR^isham |
sastrii pumsam ca pashyaami janam utkaNThitam pure || 2-71-44

43,44. tathaa= and; pakshhigaNaaH= cluster of birds; diinaaH=look miserable; devaayataanachaityeshhu= in temples and large trees; pashyaami= I see; janam= the population; sastriipumsam= of men and women; pure= in the city; utkaNThitam= look anguished; malinam= messy; diinam= miserable;ashrupuurNaakshham= with their eyes held in tears; dhyaanaparam= thoughtful; kR^isham= and weak.

"Clusters of birds in temples and large trees in the city are looking desolate. The population of men and women in the city look thoughtful anguished weak messy and despondent with their eyes held in tears.”

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iti evam uktvaa bharataH suutam tam diina maanasaH |
taani aniSTaani ayodhyaayaam prekSya raaja gR^iham yayau || 2-71-45

45. prekshhya= after seeing; taani= those; anishhTaani= evil omens; ayodhyaayaam=in Ayodhya; bharataH= Bharata; diina maanasaH=being broken hearted; uktvaa= and having spoken; ityevam= as afersaid; tam suutam= to that charioteer; yayou= and went; raajagR^iham= to the rayol palace.

After seeing those bad omens in Ayodhya, the broken hearted Bharata spoke to the charioteer as aforesaid and went to the royal palace.

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taam shuunya shR^inga aTaka veshma rathyaam |
rajo aruNa dvaara kapaaTa yantraam |
dR^iSTvaa puriim indra purii prakaashaam |
duhkhena sampuurNataraH babhuuva || 2-71-46

46. dR^ishhTvaa= beholding; taam puriim= that city of Ayodhya; indra pura prakaasam= that formerly possessed; the splendor of of the capital city of Indra; shuunya shR^iNgaaTakaveshmarathyaam= highways deserted; rajo aruNadvaara kavaaTayantraam= the doors and hinges covered with rust; bharataH bhabhuua= because; sampuurNataraH= overcome; duHkhena= with grief.

Beholding the city of Ayodhya,that formerly possessed the splendor of the capital city of Indra, now with its squares houges and high ways deserted, the doors and hinges covered with rust , Bharata was overcome with grief.

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bahuuni pashyan manaso apriyaaNi |
yaani annyadaa na asya pure babhuuvuH |
avaak shiraa diina manaa nahR^iSTaH |
pitur mahaatmaa pravivesha veshma || 2-71-47

47. pashyan= seeing apriyaaNi=things disliked; manasaH= by the mind; yaani= which; nababhuuvaH= did not occur; pure= in the city; anyadaa=at the other times; mahaatmaa= the high soled Bharata; avaakchchiraaH= with his head bent down; diinamanaaH= and with his mind miserable; pravivesha= entered; putuH= his father’s; veshma= house; nahR^ishhTaH= unhappily.

Seeing many things disenchanted to mind which did not occur at any time before in the city, the high soled Bharata with his head bent down and with his mind miserable gloomily entered his father’s house.

 

ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe ekasaptatitamaH sargaH

Thus completes 71th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 71

 

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Sarga 71 in English Prose

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© February 2003, K. M. K. Murthy