Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
At the dawn of the next day, panergysts and servants arrived at the palace to serve the king. Some women, who were empowered to go near the bed, detected the king’s death and started crying loudly. Kausalya and Sumitra suddenly woke up from their slumber and came to know of the king’s death. All the wives of Dasaratha wept miserably. The gynaecium was filled with men and women who felt bewildered with fear and restlessness; when the king met with his appointed end.
atha r˜try˜m vyatŸt˜y˜m pr˜tar eva apare ahani |
vandina× paryup˜tiÿ÷hams tat p˜rthiva niveþanam || 2-65-1
s¨t˜× paramasamsk˜r˜× maðga¹˜þcoottamaþrut˜× |
g˜yak˜× stutiþŸl˜þca nigadanta× p®thak p®thak|| 2-65-2
1, 2. atha= thereafter; raatryaam vyatiitaayaam= while the night passed away; praataH eva= at the dawn itself; apare= of the following; ahari= day; paryupaatishhThan= there approached; tat= that; paarthiva niveshanam= residence of the emperor; paramasamskaaraaH= highly cultured; uttamashrutaaH= excellently learned; suutaaH=bards; maNgaLaashcha= who were pronouncers of benedictions; stutishiilaaH= and whose custom was to eulogize the king; gaayakaaH=as well as singers; vandinaH= and panegyrists; nigadantaH= pronouncing ; pR^ithak pR^ithak= in different styles.
While the night passed away, there arrived at the residence of the emperor, at the dawn of the next day, highly cultured and excellently learned bards who were pronouncers of benedictions and whose custom was to eulogize the king, as well as singers and panegyrists uttering recitations in different styles.
r˜j˜nam stut˜m teÿ˜mud˜tt˜bhihit˜þiÿ˜m |
pr˜s˜d˜bhogavistŸrõa× stutiþabdo hyavartata || 2-65-3
3. teshhaam= their; stutishabdaH= sounds of praises; udattaabhitaashishhaa=uttering benedictions in a loud voice; stuvataam= and pronouncing accolades; raajaanan= of the king; aavartatahi= pervaded; praasaadaabhogavistiirNaH=in full, the interior area of the palaces.
Their sounds of praises, uttering benedictions in a loud voice and pronouncing accolades of the king, pervaded in full the interior area of the palace.
tatastu stuvat˜m teÿ˜m s¨t˜n˜m p˜õiv˜dak˜× |
avad˜n˜nyud˜h®tya p˜õiv˜d˜ nav˜dayan || 2-65-4
4. tataH= then; teshhaam suutaanaam= while those bards; stuvataam= were uttering praises; paaNivaadakaaH= some others who make noises of claps; avaadayaan= pronounced claps; udaahR^itya= illustrating; avadaanaami= the glorious acts (of Dasaratha).
While those bards are uttering praises, others who make a bang of claps, patted the claps, eulogizing the previous glorious acts of Dasaratha.
tena þabdena vihag˜× pratibuddh˜ visasvanu× |
þ˜kh˜sth˜× pañjarasth˜þca ye r˜jakulagocar˜× || 2-65-5
5. ye= which; vihagaaH= birds; raajakula gocharaaH= dwelling in the royal palaces; shaakhaasthaaH= on the branches of trees; panjarasthaaHcha= and in cages; pratibuddhaaH= were awakened; tena shabdena= by that sound; visasvanuH= began to twitter.
The birds dwelling in royal palaces perched on the branches of trees and others in cages were awakened by that sound and began to twitter.
vy˜h®t˜× puõyþabd˜þca vŸõ˜n˜m c˜pi nissvan˜× |
˜þŸrgeyam ca g˜th˜n˜m p¨ray˜m˜sa veþma tata || 2-65-6
6. puNya shabdaashcha= the auspicious words; vyaahR^taaH= uttered; nissvanaaHcha= and the notes; viiNaanaam= of Vina; aashiirgeyamcha=as well as blissful songs; gaathaanaam= of the metric verses; puurayaamaasa= filled; tat= that; veshma= palace.
The auspicious words uttered by bards parrots etc and the notes of Vina as well as blissful songs of the metric verses filled that palace.
tata× þuci sam˜c˜r˜× paryupasth˜na kovida× |
strŸ varÿa vara bh¨yiÿ÷h˜upatasthur yath˜ puram || 2-65-7
7. tataH= then; yathaa puram= as before; shuchi samaachaaraaH= those who maintain pure practices; paryupasthaana kovidaaH= and those who were skilled in the services to the king; striivarshhavarabhuuyishhThaaH= most of whom were women and eunuchs ; upatasthuH= arrived to serve(the king).
Then, as before, persons who maintain pure practices and those who were skilled in the services to the king, most of whom were women and eunuchs, arrived there to serve the king.
hari candana samp®ktam udakam k˜ncanai× gha÷ai× |
˜ninyu× sn˜na þikÿ˜ ˜jñ˜ yath˜ k˜lam yath˜ vidhi || 2-65-8
8. snaana shikshhaajJNaaH= those who took care of royal ablutions; aaninyuH= brought; udakam=water; harichandana samvR^iktam= spinkled with yellow sandal; kaaNchanaiH= in golden; ghaTaiH= pitchers; yathaakaalam= in accordance with the appropriate time; yathaavidhi= and according to the set procedures.
Those who took care of royal ablutions brought water sprinkled with yellow sandal in golden pitchers in accordance with appropriate time and the set procedures.
mangala ˜lambhanŸy˜ni pr˜þanŸy˜n upaskar˜n |
upaninyus tath˜ api any˜× kum˜rŸ bahul˜× striya× || 2-65-9
9. tathaa= in that manner; striyaHapi= women too; kumariibahuLaaH= most of whom were virgins; upaninyuH= brought; maNgaLaalamba niiyaani= all that were pleasing to touch praashaniiyaan=eatables; upaskaraan= decorations and ornaments.
In that manner, women too most of whom were virgins brought all that were pleasing to the touch, eatables, decorative clothing and ornaments.
sarvalakÿaõasampannam sarvam vidhivadarcitam |
sarvam suguõalaksmŸvattadbhabh¨v˜bhih˜rikam || 2-65-10
10. sarvam= all; tat= that; abhihaarikam= which was brought near him; abhuut= was; sarva lakshhaNasampannam= rich with all auspicious characteristics; architam= was offered with reverence; vidhivat= as per prescribing scriptures; sarvam= all that; suguNa lakshhmiivat= was extremely graceful.
All that was brought near him was endowed with all auspicious characteristics offered with reverence as per prescribed scriptures. All that was extremely graceful.
tata× s¨ryodayam y˜vatsarvam parisamutsukam |
tasth˜vanupasampr˜ptam kim svidityupaþ || 2-65-11
11. tataH= thereafter; sarvam= all that retinue; parisamutsukam= greatly excited; anupasampraaptam= without coming near to the king; upashaNkitam= with a suspicion; kim svit iti= as to what was it; tasthou= stayed thus; suuryodayam yaavat= till sun rise.
All that retinue, greatly excited as they were, without coming near to the king and with a suspicion as to what was it, stayed thus till sunrise.
atha y˜× kosala indrasya þayanam pratyanantar˜× |
t˜× striya× tu sam˜gamya bhart˜ram pratyabodhayan || 2-65-12
12. atha= then; yaaH striyaH= which women; anantaraaH= have no hindrance; shayanam prati= towards the bed; kosalendraaya= of Dasaratha; taaH tu= those women only; samaagamya= approached; bhartaaram= their lord; pratyabodhayan= and woke him up.
The women who were empowered to go near the bed of Dasaratha went in proximity to him and woke him up.
tath˜pyucitav®tt˜st˜ vinayena nayena ca |
na hyasya þayanam sp®ÿ÷v˜ kim cidapyupalebhire || 2-65-13
13. tathaapi= even so; taaH= those women; uchitavR^ttaaH=having proper conduct; vinayena= by their modesty; nayena= (and) by their prudence; spR^ishhTvaa= touched; shayanam= the bed; asya= of Dasaratha; na upalebhire= and could not detect; kimchit api= anything either.
Even so, those modest and prudent women with proper conduct, touched Dasaratha’s bed and could not detect any sign of life whatsoever in him.
t˜× strŸya× svapnaþŸlajñ˜sceÿ÷˜samcalan˜diÿu |
t˜ vepathu parŸt˜× ca r˜jña× pr˜õeÿu þankit˜× || 2-65-14
pratisrota× t®õa agr˜õ˜m sad®þam samcakampire |
14. taaH striiyaH= those women; svapnashiilajJNaaH=knew the condition of a body in sleep; cheshhTaa samchalanaadishhu= by its gestures; movements and others; taaH= those women as such; shaNkitaH= were apprehensive; raajJNaH= of the king`s; praaNeshhu= life; vepathupariitaaHcha= possessed of tremor; samchakaashire= and were revealing; pratisrotastR^iNaagraaNaam= like tips of reeds standing against a stream.
Those women knew the condition of a body in sleep, by its gestures, movements and others. As such, they were possessed of tremor apprehensive as they were about the king’s life and they resembled like tips of reeds standing against a stream.
atha samvepaman˜n˜m strŸõ˜m d®ÿ÷v˜ ca p˜rthivam || 2-65-15
yat tat ˜þankitam p˜pam tasya jajñe viniþcaya× |
15. atha= now; dR^ishhTvaacha= on seeing; paarthivam= the king; tasya= its; vinishchayaH= certainty; jaG^ye= arose; sandehamaanaanaam= in the minds of doubting; striiNaam= women; yat= of which; paapam= calamity; aashaNkitam= that was apprehended.
Now, seeing the king, certainty arose in the minds of those doubting women about the calamity (of death) that was apprehended.
kausaly˜ ca sumitr˜ ca putraþokapar˜jite || 2-65-16
prasupte na prabudhyete yath˜ k˜lasamanvite |
16. putra shoka paraajite= overpowered by grief for their sons; prasupte= the slumbering; kausalyaacha= Kausalya; sumitraacha= and Sumitra; na prabudhyate= did not wake up; kaalasamanvite yathaa= as if they were completely possessed of death.
Overpowered by grief for their sons, the slumbering Kausalya and Sumitra did not wake up, as though they were completely overtaken by death.
niÿprabh˜ ca vivarõ˜ ca sann˜ þokena sannat˜ || 2-65-17
na vyar˜jata kausaly˜ t˜reva timir˜v®t˜ |
17. kausalya= Kausalya; nishhprabhaacha= bereft of luster; vivarNaa= pale faced; sannaa= emaciated; shokena= by grief; sannataa= and dispirited; na vyaraajata= did not shine brightly; taareva= like a star; timiraavR^itaa= hidden away in darkness.
Kausalya bereft of luster, pale faced, emaciated with grief and dispirited, did not shine brightly (as before) like a star hidden away in darkness.
kausaly˜nantaram r˜jña× sumitr˜ tadantanaram || 2-65-18
na sma vibhr˜jate devŸ þok˜þrululit˜nan˜ |
18. devii= the queen; kausalyaa= Kausalya; anantaram= immediately close; raajJNaH= to the king; sumitraa= and sumitra; tadanantaram= on her side; na sma vibhraajate= was not shining (as before); shokaashru lulitaananaa= with her face ruffled by tears of grief.
The queen Kausalya, immediately close to the king and with Sumitra on her side, was not shining as before with her face ruffled by tears of grief.
te ca d®ÿ÷v˜ tath˜ supte þubhe devyau ca tam n®pam || 2-65-19
suptame vodgatapr˜õamanta× puramanyata |
19. antaHpuram=the gynaecium; dR^ishhTvaa= having seen; te devyon shubhe= those distinguished queens; supte=sleeping; tam= and that; nR^ipam= king; tathaa= in that manner; aamanyata= thought; udgatapraaNam= that the king had lost his life; suptameva= while merely sleeping.
The persons in the gynaecium, having seen those distinguished queens in slumber and also the king in that manner, thought that the king had lost his life while just sleeping.
tata× pracukruþur dŸn˜× sasvaram t˜ vara angan˜× || 2-65-20
kareõavaiva araõye sth˜na pracyuta y¨thap˜× |
20. tataH= then; taaH varaaNganaaH= those beautiful women; diinaH= miserably; prachukrushuH= cried loudly; sasvaram= with their voice; kareNavaH iva= like female elephants crying; sthaana prachyuta yuuthapaaH= removed from their place; araNye= in the forest.
Then, those beautiful women miserably cried loudly with their voice, like female elephants crying when their group leader an elephant was removed from their place in the forest.
t˜s˜m ˜kranda þabdena sahas˜ udgata cetane || 2-65-21
kausaly˜ ca sumitr˜ca tyakta nidre babh¨vatu× |
21. kausalyaacha= Kausalya and; sumitraacha= Sumitra; sahasaa= suddenly; udgatachetane= obtained consciousness; taasaam aakranda shabdena= by their sound of cries; babhuuvatuH= and became; tyakta nidre= relieved of sleep.
Kausalya and Sumitra suddenly obtained consciousness by the sound of their cries and woke up from sleep.
kausaly˜ ca sumitr˜ ca d®ÿ÷v˜ sp®ÿ÷v˜ ca p˜rthivam || 2-65-22
h˜ n˜tha iti parikruþya petatur dharaõŸ tale |
22. kausalyaacha= Kausalya; sumitraacha= and Sumitra; dR^ishhTvaa= on seeing; spR^ishhTvaacha= and touching; paarthivam= the king; parikrushya= cried; haanaathaa iti= as ‘O, lord!’ patatuH= and fell; dharaNiitala= on the ground.
Kausalya and Sumitra, on seeing and touching king Dasaratha, cried ‘O, Lord!’ and fell on the ground.
s˜ kosala indra duhit˜ veÿ÷am˜n˜ mahŸ tale || 2-65-23
na babhr˜ja rajo dhvast˜ t˜r˜ iva gagana cyut˜ |
23. veshhTamaanaa= rolling; mahiitale= on the floor; rajodhvastaa=and covered by dust; saa= that; kausalyendra duhitaa= daughter of Kosala king, Kausalya; na babhraaja= was not shining; taareva= like a star; chyutaa= slipped down; gaganaat= from the sky.
Rolling on the floor and covered by dust, Kausalya the daughter of Kosala king was not shining as before and resembled a star falling down from the sky.
n®pe þ˜ntaguõe j˜te kausaly˜m patit˜m bhuvi || 2-65-24
˜paþyamst˜× striya× sarv˜ hat˜m n˜gavadh¨miva |
24. nR^ipe= the king; jaate= became; shaantaguNe= one whose virtues were destroyed; ie. Deceased; taaHstriyaH= all the women; apashyan= saw; kausalya= Kausalya; patitaam= who fell; bhuvi= on the ground; naagavadhuu miva= like a female elephant; hataam= which was killed (and felled on ground).
While the king was deceased, all the women saw Kausalya who fell on the floor appearing as a female elephant, which was killed and felled on the ground.
tata× sarv˜ narendrasya kaikeyŸpramukh˜× striya× || 2-65-25
rudantya× þokasantapt˜ nipeturgatacetan˜× |
25. tataH=thereafter; kaikeyiipramukhaaH= Kaikeyi and others; sarve= all; narendrasya= the king`s; striyaH= women; rudantyaH= were weeping; shokasantaptaaH= being afflicted by grief; nipetuH= fell; gatachetanaaH= unconscious.
Kaikeyi and all other wives of king Dasaratha were weeping afflicted by grief and fell unconscious.
t˜bhi× sa balav˜nn˜da× kroþantŸbhiranudruta× || 2-65-26
yena sphŸtŸk®to bh¨yastadg®ham saman˜dayat |
26. balavaan= great; saHnaadaH= that noise; anudrutaH==supplemented; taabhiH= by those women; kroshantiibhiH= wailing; sphiitiikR^itaH= was made greater; bhuuyaH= more; yena= by which; tat= that; gR^iham= house;
That great noise was supplemented by those wailing women, bloated by which, it rendered the house all the more noisy.
tat samuttrasta sambhr˜ntam paryutsuka jana ˜kulam || 2-65-27
sarvata× tumula ˜krandam parit˜pa ˜rta b˜ndhavam |
sadyo nipatita ˜nandam dŸna viklava darþanam || 2-65-28
babh¨va nara devasya sadma diÿ÷a antam Ÿyuÿa× |
27, 28. tatsadma= that gynoecium; naradevasya=of the king; iiyushhaH= who met; dishhTaantam= the appointed end (death); santrapta sambhraanta paryutsaka janaakulam=was filled with people bewildered with fear and restlessness; tumulaakrandam= with tumultuous wailing; sarvataaH= all around; paritaapaartabaandhavan= having relatives disturbed by sorrow; nipatitaanandam= with its happiness withered away; sadyaH= suddenly; babhuuva= and became; diinaviklaba darshanam= a sight of misery and despondency.
That gynaecium of the king who met his appointed end was filled with people who felt bewildered with fear and restlessness, with tumultuous wail all around, and crowded with relatives disturbed by sorrow, with happiness withered away in it suddenly and became a sight of misery and despondency.
atŸtam ˜jñ˜ya tu p˜rthiva ®ÿabham |
yaþasvinam sampariv˜rya patnaya× |
bh®þam rudantya× karuõam suduhkhit˜× |
prag®hya b˜h¨ vyalapann an˜thavat || 2-65-29|
29. aajJNaaya= knowing; yashasvinam= the glorious; paarthivarshhabham= king of excellence; atiitam= had passed away; (his wives); samparivaarya= surrounded him; suduHkhitaaH= with great sorrow; karuNam= pitiably; rudantyaH= wailing; bhrusham= profusely; vylapan= and lamented; pragR^ihya= grasping; baahum= their hands; (one another); anaathavaat= like orphans.
Knowing that the glorious king of excellence had passed away, the king’s wives surrounded him with great sorrow; pitiably wailing profusely and lamented, grasping their hands one another, like orphans.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe pañcaÿaÿ÷itama× sarga×
Thus completes 65th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© September 2003, K. M. K. Murthy